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һ ڿƳֻ Ѫ ϵ ͳ The Cardiovascular System Acute Myocardial Infarction (AMI) Ļ Electrocardiogram (DCG) ĵͼ Hypertensive Cardiovascular Disease ѪѹѪܼ Congential Heart Disease ಡ Hemangioma Ѫ Vasodilatation Ѫ Arteriosclerosis Ӳ Hypertension Ѫѹ Hypertrophy ʴ Hypotension Ѫѹ Varicose veins ѪҺܰϵͳ The Hemic and Lymphatic System Adenitis Acute Lymphogenous Leukemia ܰ԰Ѫ Leukocyte Ѫ Leukocytopenia Ѫ Systemic Lupus Erythematosus ȫ ԺǴ Splenomegaly Ƣ״ Anemia ƶѪ Aseptic ޾ Septicemia Ѫ֢ Hemostasis ֹѪ Transfusion Ѫ ϵ ͳ The Respiratory System Pulmonary embolism ˨ Mucosa Ĥ Exhale Apnea Ϣ Tachypnea Pneumonia Bronchitis ֧ Lung Empyema λŧ ϵͳ The Digestive System Short of breath ̴

Dysphasia ˵ Aphasia ʧ֢ Aphonia ʧ Dysphagia Gingivitis Pharyngitis Laryngitis Esophagoscopy ʳ Esophagus stricture ʳխ Abdominocentesis Gastric cancer θ Gastritis θ Gastroenteritis θ Gastrorrhagia θѪ Pyloric obstruction Duodenal Ulcer ʮָ Peritonitis Ĥ Enterorrhagia Ѫ Enterorrhexis Appendicitis β Colon cancer ᳦ Proctoscopy ֱ Rectal cancer ֱ Anal Fistual ŏI External hemorrhoid Internal hemorrhoid Excretion й Hepatitis Hepatomegaly ״ Gall Stone ʯ Cholelithiasis ʯ֢ Liver Cirrhosis Ӳ Ascites ˮ ϵ ͳ The Endocrine System Glycemia Ѫ֢ Goiter ״ Diabetes Mellitus Diabetes Insipidus ֢ Bromidrosis ֢ Pituitary Tumor ´ ϵͳ The Nervous System Cerebral Arteriosclerosis ԶӲ Cerebral Hemorrhage ԳѪ
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Cerebral Edema ˮ Cerebra Palsy Cerebral Thrombosis ˨ Cranial Neruritis Intracranial Hemorrhage ­ڳѪ Encephalitis Electromyography ͼ Neuritis Epilepsy Trigeminal Neuralgia ʹ Rachitis Y֢ Rachioscoliiosis Spondylitis ׵ Quadriplegia ֫ Paraplegia °̱ Immediately loss of consciousness ɥʧʶ Eye opening ۷Ӧ Verbal response ԷӦ Motor response ˶Ӧ Corneal reflex Ĥ Plantar reflex ϥ Sciatica ʹ Chorea 赸֢ Muscle atrophy ή Migraine ƫͷʹ Parkinson's Disease ͽɭʽ֢ Brain Swelling brain Concussion brain Anoxia ȱ֢ brain Death ϵ ͳ The Musculoskeletal System Anterior Cruciate Ligament ǰʮ Rheumatoid Arthritis ʪԹؽ Arthrosclerosis ؽӲ Degenerated Joint Disease Թؽ Clavicle Fracture ǹ Pelvic Fracture Plastic Paris Cast Ӳʯ Matastatic Lesion ת

Osteoporosis ֢ Amputation ֫ Bone graft ֲ Hallux Valgus Ĵָⷭ Prosthesis Replacement ˹ֲ Range of Motion ˶Χ Varus ڷ Chondromalacia ֢ ֳ ϵ ͳ The Urinary and Male Reproductive System Cystitis Circumcision Ƥ Cystoscopy ׾ Hydronephrosis ˮ Renal Stone ʯ Acute Renal Failure ˥ Cryptorchidism غ֢ Spermatogenesis Benign Prostatic Hypertrophy ٷʴ Ureteral stenosis խ Dysuria Hematuria Ѫ Uremia ֢ Urinary Tract Infection ·Ⱦ Vasoligation 侫ܽ Impotence ή The Organs of Special Senses Audiometer Otitis Otorrhea © Tympanitis ж Tympanotomy Ĥ Nasitis Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma ʰ Rhinorrhea Intraocular Foreign Body Intraocular pressure ѹ Oculus Uterque ˫ Oculus Sinister Oculus Dexter
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Extraocular Muscle ⼡ Ophthalmologist ۿҽʦ Diplopia Myopia Blepharoptosis ´ Corneitis Ĥ Pupil Size Anisocoria ͫ״С Retinopexy Ĥ̶ Retinal Detachment Ĥ Visual field Ұ Vocal nodular Dermatologist Ƥҽʦ Dermatitis Ƥ Cataract Glaucoma ۺֻ Contraceptive е Contraindication ֢ Biology ѧ Hyperemesis Polydipsia Homosexual ͬԵ Heterosexual Ե Inject ע Lipoma ֬ Lipoid ֬ Lipomatosis ֢֬ Malformaiton Malaise Necrosis Nocturia ҹ֢ Ployuria Narcotics ҩ Hyperplasia ֳ Dysplasia Dyspepsia Prognosis Ԥ Antipyretic ȼ Hydrophobia ˮ֢ Photophobia η Antibiotic Syndrome ֢Ⱥ Hydrotherapy ˮƷ Perforation

Percussion ߵ Visceralgia ʹ Ƴֻ Genital ֳ Gynecology Menstruation ¾ Menopause Menorrhagia Ѫ Amenorrhea ¾ Dysmenorrhea ʹ Menarche Cervical cancer ӹ Cervical Erosion ӹ Cervicitis ӹ Perineum Endometriosis ӹĤλ Ovary ѳ Ovarian Cyst ѳ Ovulation Vaginitis Colposcopy 취 Galactocele Mammography 鷿 X Ӱ Infertility ֢ InVitro Fertilization ܾ Amnion Ĥ Amniocentesis Ĥ Amniotic Fluid Embolism ˮ˨ Hydramnion ˮ Anterpartal ǰ Antepartum ǰ Chorionic Villi Sampling ëĤë ȡ Cephalo Pelvic Disproportion ̥ͷ 費Գ Artificial Insemination ˹ܾ Engagement λ Estrogen Colostrum Termination of Pregnancy ֹ Corpus Luteum Vacuum Extraction Delivery Venereal Disease Բ
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Tubal Ligation ѹܽ Laparoscope ǻ Embryo ̥ Ectopic Gestation ӹ Primipara Attitude of Fetus ̥λ Dead Detus in Uterus ̥ Multipara Parity Placenta Previa ǰ̥ Postpartum Postpartum hemorrhage Ѫ Toxemia of Pregnancy ﶾѪ֢ Adolescence ഺ Basal Body Temperature Cesarean Section ʸ Expected Date of Confinement Ԥ Fallopian Tube ѹ Forceps ǯ Hydatidiform Mole ˮ״̥ Labor Pain ʹ Painless Labor ʹ Molding ̥ͷ Normal Spontaneous Delivery Ȼ Papanicolaou Smear ӹĨƬ Premature Rupture of Membrance ˮ Progesterone Stillbrith Suture Stump Withdrawal Bleeding ͣѪ СƳֻ Apnea ͣ Aplastic Anemia ƶѪ Arterio Venous Malformation Bronchial Asthma ֧ Bronchitis ֧ Cephalopematoma ͷѪ Erythema

Hypospadia Dehydration ˮ Hydrocephalus ˮ Hydrocele һˮ Polydactylia ָ Pyoderma ŧƤ֢ Sepsis Ѫ֢ Tonsillitis Encephalitis Gastroenteritis θ Necrotizing Enterocolitis С ᳦ Malignant Ե Congenital Malformation Ի Neonatal Asphyxia Ϣ Cleft Palate Diarrhea к Dental Caries ȣ Facial Nerve Paralysis Hives Urticaria ަ Torticollis б Vaccine Incubator Cleft lip ô Chicken pox ˮ Club foot Diphtheria ׺ Dengue fever Ǹ Eczema ʪ Congenital syphilis ÷ German Measles/ Rubella ¹ Giant baby Ӥ Gonorrhea ܲ Hepatitis B B ͸ Hand-foot-mouth disease ڲ Jaundice Mongolian spots ɹŰ Mumps Respiratory arrest ֹͣ Roseola infantum ׶õ Vomiting Ż ġƳֻ Mental retardation ܲ autism Ա֢
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dement մ֢ alzheimer's dementia ƝĬʽ մ֢ alcoholism substances Intoxication ж alcohol Intoxication ƾж amphetamine Intoxication ж schizophrenia Ѳ delusional Disorder Բ Major Depressive Disorder ֢ phobia η֢ obsessive-Compulsive Disorder ǿ Բ pedophilia ͯ exhibitionism ¶ Transvestic Fetishism Gender Identity Disorders Աͬ Anorexia Nervosa ʳ֢ Bulimia Nervosa Աʳ֢ ٴ֢״ blunted affect ٶ silly Laughter ɵЦ apathy Į irritable ŭ euphoria depression ambivalence ì Flat Affect ƽ suicide attempt ɱͼ queer behavior Ϊ bizarre behavior Ϊ hypertalkative ໰ hypotalkative ٻ mutistic hyperactivity  hypoactivity  compulsive behavior ǿΪ verbigeration ظ catelepsy ֱ negativism 迹ж Mannerism ̬Ϊ

destrctive behavior ƻΪ autistic thinking Ա˼ poverty of speech ƶ flight of ideas Ծ loosening of association ˼ ɢ illogical thinking ߼˼ pressure speech Q thought blocking ˼ж incoherent ״ thought Withdrawal ˼ irrelevant delusion delusion of persecution delusion of grandeur Phobia ־֢ acrophobia ֢ algophobia ʹ֢ sexual drive illusion hallucination þ auditory hallucination þ disoreinatation ʧȥ amnesia ɥʧ֢ confabulation ̸֢ orientation judgement ж derealization ʧ insight ʶ no insight ޲ʶ intellectual insight ԵIJʶ true emotional insight Բʶ ѧ free association dream analysis εĽ ego id ԭ super ego ego boundary ҽ libido ԭ scapegoat internal conflict ڳͻ conscious ʶ
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unconscious DZʶ preconscious ǰʶ transference ת depersonalization ˸ derealization ʵ neurosis 񾭾 Psychosis 񾭲 Pleasure Principle ԭ Reality Principle ʵԭ Moral Principle ԭ Predisposing Factors DZ Precipitating Factors շ Defense Mechanism ת compensation conversion ת denial displacement ת dissociation fantasy identification ͬ introjection projection retionalization reaction formation degression ˻ repression DZ suppression ѹ restitution 黹 sublimation substitution ȡ symbolism undoing distortion isolation Cognitive behavioral Therapy ֪ Ϊ Empathy ͬ Resistance 迹 testing out behavior ̽Ϊ self-awareness ˽ separation anxiety 뽹 reinforcement ǿԭ catharsis й confrontation

listen restraint Լ physical restraint Լ chemical ҩԼ 塢Ƴд A AAD against-advice discharge Զ Ժ A abdomen ADL activities of daily life ճ A/G albumin /globulin ration ׵/ ױ AK above knee ϥ B. BE below elbow BH body height b.i.d twice a day һ Bil bilateral BK below knee ϥ BM bowel movement 䶯 BMR basal metabolic rate л BPH benign prostatic hypertrophy 㻤ٷʴ BTI biliary tract infection Ⱦ BUS blood, urine, stool ѪҺ,С, BW body weight C. Ca. Carcinoma CBC complete blood count ȫѪ CBD common bile duct ܵ CH cerebral hemorrhage ԳѪ Chest P-A chest posterio-anterio ǰ ز CO cardiac output CPR cardiopulmonary resuscitation ķθ CPS chronic paranasal sinusitis C/T chemotherapy ѧƷ CT cerebral thrombosis ˨
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CT Scan computerized axial tomography scan Զϲ CVA cerebral vascular accident Ѫ CVP central venous pressure ľ ѹ D. DC discontinue ֹͣ D&C dilatation and curettage ż γ DM diabetes mellitus DPT diphtheria, pertussis, tetanus ,տ,˷ DU duodenal ulcer ʮָ E. ECG eletrocardiogram ĵͼ EEG electroecephalogram Ե粨ͼ ENT ear, nose, throat Ǻ F. FH family history ʷ FHS fetal heart sounds ̥ FOU fever of unknown ԭ Fr fracture G. GB gall bladder GI tract gastric intestinal tract θ GSR general surgical routine һ Ƴ gtt. Drops GU genitourinary ֳ GYN gynecology ѧ H Hb hemoglobin Ѫɫ HICH hypertensive intracerebral hemorrhage ѪѹڳѪ h.s. at bedtime ˯ǰ HT Hypertension Ѫѹ Ht. (Hct.) Hematocrit Ѫݻ Hx History I ICP Intermittent catheterization program ЪԵ ICU Intensive care unit ӻ ICT Intracerebral tumor

I & D Incision and drainage п IICP Increased intracranial pressure ѹ Imp. Impression ܶ IM Intramuscular ڵ I & O Intake and output 뼰ų IV Intravenous ڵ IVKO Intravenous keep open άͨ J Jej. Jejunum ճ Jt. Joint ؽ K Kn. Knee ϥ KUB Kidney, ureter, baldder ܼ L. LFT liver function test ι LLQ left lower quadrant LMP last menstrual period һ ¾ M MBD may be discharged ɳԺ MN midnight ҹ N NKA non known allergy ԭ NP nothing particular ر NPC nasopharyngeal carcinoma NPO nothing by mouth ʳ O. OA osteo-arthritis Թؽ OB occult blood DZѪ OBS obstetrics OP operation OPD outpatient department Ortho. Orthopaedic ǿƽе OS ocular sinistro OT occupational therapy ְ OU Both eyes ˫ P p.c. after meals PCT Penicillin test ֲ
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PE Physical examination PI Present illness Ŀǰ p.o. by mouth ɿ PPU Perforated petic ulcer θ PT Physical therapy PTA Prior to admission Ժǰ PTN Parenteral total nutrition ĸӪ Q Q every ÿһ q.d. every day ÿ q.h every hour ÿСʱ q.i.d. four times a day ÿĴ q.m. every morning ÿ糿 q.n. every night ÿ R RA rheumatoid a arthritis ʪ ؽ RBC red blood cell Ѫ RN registered nurse ʦ R/O rule out RR recovery room ָ R/T radio-therapy test RUQ right upper quadrant Rx take ȡ Medication Treatment S Sc. Subcutaneous Ƥµ SOB short of breath ̴ SP.g.r. specific gravity S/P status/ post operation s-s half һ St(stat) immediately Staph. Staphylococcus T t.i.d. Three times a day ÿ TPR Temperature, pulse, respirations ¡ TURP Trans-urethral resection of prostate г㻤 U URI Upper respiratory infection

Ⱦ W WBC White blood cell Ѫ White blood count Ѫ Y Y/O year old Z zero ʽƳֻ The cardiovascular system Ѫϵ ͳ lungs venis vessels Ѫ capillaries ΢Ѫ cardi arteries blood clot Ѫ The Hemic and Lymphatic System Ѫ Һܰϵͳ Blood ѪҺ Red blood cell Ѫ White blood cell Ѫ Platelet ѪС The Respiratory System ϵͳ Bronchial tube ֧ Alveoii Pharynx Larynx Trachea Lung Bronchioles С֧ Pleura Ĥ Chest Air The Digestive System ϵͳ Lips teeth tongue bile duct gallbladder duodenum ʮָ jejunum ճ ileum س
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appendix β small intestine С large intestine rectum ֱ anus pancreas stomach θ esophagus ʳ pharynx The Endocrine System Glands Adrenals Pancreas Pituitary Thyroid and parathyroids ״ٺ͸ ״ Breasts 鷿 Ovaries ѳ Testes غ The Nervous System Brain Spinal cord Vertebra ׵ Cranium ­ǻ Meninges Ĥ Nerves The Musculoskeletal System ϵͳ Skull ͷ Clavicle Sternum ع Ribs Joints ؽ Ligaments ʹ Tendons Cartilage The Urinary and Male Reproductive System ֳϵͳ Cortex Ƥ Urinary Urethra Ureters Kidney Renal pelvis

Vas deferens Urinary bladder prostate gland ǰ scrotum testis غ penis urethra The Organs of Special Senses Acoustic nerve Ear Hearing tube ʹ Eardrum Ĥ Eustachian ŷʽ Nasal cavities ǻ Nose Eyelid Lens Carnea Ĥ Tear duct Conjunctiva Ĥ Choroid layer Ĥ Retina Ĥ Sclera Ĥ Optic nerve Obstetrics & Hynecology Ƴ ֻ Fallopian tube ѹ Ovary ѳ Uterus ӹ Vagina Vulva Ů(ֳ) Բϵͳ cerebrum corpus callosum thalamus cerebellum С diencephalon cerebral peduncles Խ infundibulum © hypophysis ´ midbrain pons
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medulla brain stem Ը pupil ͫ suspensory ligaments ʹ ciliary process ״ͻ retinal veins Ĥ retinal arteries Ĥ optic nerve anterior chamber ǰ۷ posterior chamber ۷ iris Ĥ vitreous body ״ internal rectus muscle ֱ lacrimal puncta lacrimal canaliculi С lacrimal gland excretory lacrimal duct ٹ eyebrow üë 乹 cochlea eustachian tube ʹ helix tympanic membrance Ĥ external auditory canal semicircular canals malleus vestibulocochlear nerve ǰͥ ǻ gingiva molars ʳ premolars Сʳ canines Ȯ incisors ų vestibule of mouth ǻǰͥ upper lip ϴ upper lip frenulum ϴϵ alveolar provess ݲͻ hard palate Ӳ palatine tonsil sublingual caruncle ¸ ߡ֢ص 1. gastric cancer θ 2. pancreatic cancer ఩

3. colon cancer ᳦ 4. rectal cancer ֱ 5. prostate cancer 㻤ٰ 6. nasotharyngdal carcinona ʰ 7. cervical cancer ӹ 8. lung cancer ΰ 9. esophageal cancer ʳ 10. bladder cancer װ 11. laryngl caner 12. ovarian cancer 13. liver cancer ΰ 14. skin cancer Ƥ 15. breast cancer 鰩 16. leukemia Ѫ 17. bone cancer ǰ 18. brain tumor ԰ 19. heart disease ಡ 20. lymphoma ܰ ˡҽԺڳ Hospital ҽԺ Nursing school = nursing home ѧУ (nursing home) Private convalescence hospital ԼָڵĻ ˽СҽԺ (nursery school) ԰֮׶ ĵط Department of Medicine = Department of Internal Medicine Resident in medicine ڿסԺҽʦ Chief of Medicine (Medical man) Internist = intern = intern ʵϰ (Internist = ڿҽʦ) House officer ҽԺҽʦijƺ Junior and senior students ҽѧԺѧ (ͨ 3 4 ѧ) Extern ҽԺʵϰ Clinical clerk ²¼ʵϰ֮ѧ Student nurse ѧ Graduate nurse ѧУҵĻʿ
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Registered nurse (R.N.)ȡÿ ֤ Supervisor ʿ Head nurse ʿ Scrub nurse ʿ Practicing physician = physician in practice = practitioner ҵҽ Ambulance = ambulatory Ȼ( 춳 ֻҪǰ˲˵Ĵ ) Ambulant ߶ ԴIJ Ambulantory patient סԺ߿߶ (May ambulate, ambulatory, up ad lib, may walk) Malingerer װ (malinger װ) Paretic Ի Malpractice ƴ Emergency room Ward station վ por ָ Patient , Narcotic ҩ Nurse ʿ Doctor ҽ Internist ڿҽ Surgeon ҽ Dentist ҽ Gynecologist ҽ Orthopedist ǿҽ Oculist ۿҽ Pediatrician Сҽ Psychiatrist ҽ Intern ʵϰҽ Examination table ̨ Clinical thermometer ¼ Stethoscope Reflector ⾵ X-ray checkup X X-ray photograph X Ƭ Operation Scalpel Syringe Ͳ Hypodermic needle ע

Injection ע Ice bag Fixation forceps ̶ Medicine, drug ҩƷ Bandage Absorbent cotton ֬ Gauze ɴ Mask Wheel chair Crutches Ambulance Ȼ Stretcher Chart Prescription Blood pressure Ѫѹ Blood type Ѫ Artificial respiration ˹ Pill ҩ Capsule Ointment Iodine tincture Sedative 򾲼 Intensive care unit ӻ Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) ķθ Intravenous drip Chemotherapy ѧ Computerized Topography Զϲ magnetic resonance imaging ˴Ź Bureau of National Health Insurance 뽡 Fracture Gypsum ʯ šڳ Front sheet, Summary sheet ҳ,ժ Ҫ History sheet Physical examination sheet Physician's order sheet ҽ Physician's progress note ҽò չ¼ Laboratory reports 鱨
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Radiographic reports X 鱨 Nursing notes ¼ Graphic chart ͼʽ Discharge summary sheet ԺժҪ Operation report Anesthesia record ¼ Consultation sheet ﵥ Intake and output sheet ȡй ¼ Consent (or permission) for operation ͬ Emergency room record Ҽ¼ סԺ ҵ ( identifying data or biographic data) admission date סԺ hospital number = chart number room number name sex age birth date birth place marital status = civil status ״ address occupation empolyer ˾к health insurance number ҽƱպ referring physician תҽ ϵͳı״--ȫ״̬ Υ͸ malaise (= a vague feeling of bodily discomfort, indefinite bodily weakness or discomfort) feel unwell (ill, poorly) ƣ͸.뵡 lassitude fatigue tiredness weariness languor lack of energy (vigor)

listlessness exhaustion worn-out ״̬ weakness feebleness lack (loss) of strength debility powerlessness prostration(= extreme weakness or exhaustion) asthenia ˯״̬ sleep slumber (=light sleep) a nap (=a short sleep) a doze (= a light or fitful sleep) ˯ fall asleep ; go to sleep С ˯ take a nap ; take a doze ; slumber ; doze ; drowse ˯ sleepy ; drowsy ; somolent ; lethargic ˯ sleepiness ; drowsiness ; somnolence ˯ become(= feel =get) sleepy(=drowsy = somnolent) ˯ loss(= lack = want) of sleep ʧ insomnia ; sleeplessness ; wakefulness ; inability to sleep ʧ֢ insomniac ˯ sound (profound) sleep ˯ awake ; wake ; rouse ; awaken dream nightmare ֢ sleepwalking ; somnambulism sleep-walker ; somnambulist ; night-walker ط(weight ; body weight) Ϊ weigh~ ; be ~ in weight maximum minimum ƽ average
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optimum present ؼ weight loss ; loss of weight weight gain ; gain in weight ; increase in weight thin ; lean ; skinny emaciated (emaciation) fat ; stout ; fatty ״(body temperature take one's temperature fever ; pyrexia ; rise (elevation) of temperature ; increase in temperature յ feverish ; febrile ; fevered ; pyrexic ; pyrexial afebrile ; feverless ; apyrexial a chill ; rigor ; have a cold fit shiver ; shake ; shaking chills ; shivering with chills fall ; drop ; go down ; abate ; remit sweating ; perspiration remittent fever Ъ intermittent fever continuous fever Σ by crisis ת by lysis ʹ ƫ ͷ ʹ migraine ; megrim ; hemicrania ; ͷʹ occipital pain ͷʹ temporal pain ǰͷʹ frontal pain ͷʹ have(suffer) a headache ; one's head aches ; feel a pain in the head ʹ earache ; sore ears ; toalgia ʺʹ sore throat ; pharyngalgia ʹ have painful eyes ; one's eyes hurt(smart) ʹ toothache ʹ chest pain ǰʹ precordial pain Ľʹ anginal pain

عʹ substernal (retrosternal) pain Ĥʹ pleuritic pain ʹ abdominal pain ; belly(stomach) ache ϸʹ epigastric pain ; pain in the epigastrium ϸʹ upper abdominal pain ¸ʹ lower abdominal pain ϸʹ left upper quadrant pain ูʹ flank pain ʹ backache ʹ low backache ; lumbago ؽʹ joint pain ʹ muscular pain ʹ neuralgia ʹ colic ; colicky pain ʯʹ biliary or gallstone colic ʯʹ renal colic ʹ cramps ; crampy (cramping) pain; spasmodic ʹ throbbing(pounding, thumping, pulsating) pain תʹ radiating pain ; pain with radiation ǣʹ referred pain ʹ lightning (fulgurant, shooting) pain ״ʹ girdle pain 񾭸ʹ root pain ոʹ hunger pain ҹʹ nocturnal pain Էʹ spontaneous pain ѹʹ tenderness ̶ʹ fixed (steady) pain ʹ burning pain ״ ʹ lancinating ; piercing ; stinging ; darting; stabbing ״ͷʹ splitting ; racking ˺״ʹ tearing ; rending ; ʹ dull ; obtuse ; ʹ sharp ; excruciating ; tormenting ; torturing ; racking ; agonizingly severe
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ʹ gnawing ; griping ʹ stinging ; smarting ; sore ʹ pricking ; pricking ܺѭϵͳ breath ; respiration difficulty in breathing ; dyspnea be short of breath ; shortness of breath ;be short-winded; be out of breath ; lose one's breath breathe deeply ̾Ϣ sigh ; draw a long breath Ϣ pant orthopnea Ͷʱ exertional dyspnea ; difficulty in breathing on exertion( physical activity) ҹ nocturnal dyspnea tachypnea ; rapid breathing wheeze ; wheezing sneezing ; sneeze hiccup (hiccough) ; singultus cough Կ have a fit of coughing ; have a paroxysmal clear the throat Ǭ dry cough ; hacking couth ; nonproductive cough ̵ productive cough ; cough with sputum ̵ sputum ; phlegm ; expectorate Ѫ hemoptysis ; bloody expectoration ճ ̵ viscid (tenaceous ; thick ) sputum Ũ̵ frothy sputum ĭ״̵ mucoid sputum ŧԿ̵ purulent sputum ѪԿ̵ bloody sputum Ѫ̵ blood-streaked sputum ɫ̵ greenish sputum ɫ̵ rusty sputum ð common cold

Ըð influenze ; flu ; grippe Ⱦ upper respiratory infection (U.R.I.) Ĥ pleruisy asthma ļ palpitation ¶ palpitate ; throb ͣ pause in the pulse ; skipped pulse (heart beat) rapid pulse ; tachycardia slow pulse ; bradycardia Ѫ ѹ high blood pressure ; hypertension ; hypotension heart attack ; heart failure ; cardiac standstill ֢ angina (=angina pectoris) Ĥ֢ valvular disease of the heart ; leaking heart valve (leaky heart) Ӳ hardening of the arteries ; arterioscalerosis ѪҺѭ have a poor circulation of blood Ъ intermittent claudication ϵͳ ʳ a poor (weak or bad) appetite ; no little appetite ; loss (lack or decrease) of appetite ; anorexia ʳ increase (improvement) of appetite ʳ have no (little ; a poor) appetite ʳʢ have a strong (voracious) appetite ɥʧʳ lose one's apptite ո an empty stomach ׽ chewing ; mastication swallow gulp difficulty in swallowing ; dysphagia ҭ belching ; eructation ҭ sour eructation heatburn ; pyrosis ; water brash
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regugitation nausea ; retch ; heaving ; nauseous feeling ; sickly feeling feel nausea (nauseous, nauseated, sick,queasy) ; retch ; heave ; feel like vomiting Ż vomiting ; emesis ; vomit ; throw up ; bring up ; spew Ż vomit ; vomitus; vomited matter coffee-grounds digestion indigestion ; dyspepsia abdominal distention ; bloating ; flautulence; meteorism; gassiness borborygmus ; gurgling ; growling ; rumbling jaundice ; icterus ˮ ascites ͨ bowel movement ; bowel habit ; pass stools ; move one's bowels ; defecate ; evacuate the bowels ; diarrhea ; loose bowels ; constipation ˮ״ watery stool (feces) Ѫ״ bloody stool ״ tarry stool ״ mushy stool ״ loose stool Ӳ״ hard stool ʹ״ formed stool ʰ״ semiformed stool ʧ fecal incontinence ƨ pass gas ; pass wind ; pass flatus ֳϵͳ urination ; micturition ; pass(void) urine ; urinate ; micturate urge (desire ) to urinate urinary urgency Ƶ urinary frequency ҹƵ frequent urination during the night ; nycturia

polyuria oliguria anuria difficulty in urination ; dysuria urinary retention ʧ urinary incontinence ҹ nocutria ҹ֢ bed-wetting ; enuresis cloudy (turbid) urine Ѫ bloody urine ; hematuria sexual desire ; libido sexual intercourse ; coitus ; coition ή impotence erection 侫 ejaculation й premature ejaculation ž pollution nocturnal pollution(emission); wet dream phimosis ; tightening of the foreskin (prepuce) circumcision Բ veneral disease (V.D.) menstruation ; menses ; periods ; menstrual periods menarche ; onset of menses ͣ menopause climacteric ; changeof life ʹ dysmenorrhea ; painful menstruation ¾ amenorrhea ; missed periods menrrhagia ; hypermenorrhea ; excessive bleeding; excessive flow ״ vaginal discharge Ѫ vaginal bleeding ʱ yaginal spoting Ѫ metrorrhagia ; uterine bleeding pregnancy ; conception conceive ; be pregnant sterility ; barrenness ; infertility ;
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inability to conceive abortion ; miscarriage ; ˹ induced abortion contraception; birth control ҩ contraceptive ʹ labor childbirth ; delivery ; give birth to ; be delivered childbed ; confinement; pueriperium ; puerperal period morning sickness ; nausea and vomiting of pregancy ǹؽ뼡ϵͳ joint ; dislocation ; be dislocated be out of joint ; be put out of joint Ť sprain sprain (twist ; wrench ) ؽ arthritis ʪ֢ theumatism ʹ gout (gaut) ؽʹ arthralgia ; joint pain deformity fracture ʯ cast ; plaster of Paris (֫) artificial limb ʹ muscle pain ; myalgia ; sore muscle Ť strain ; sprain Ӳ stiffness in a shoulder ; a stiff shoulder ; a cramp in the calf ; leg cramp have a cramp ; be cramped ѹ ʹ tenderness of muscle ; muscular tenderness ϵͳ ʶ clouding of consciousness ɥ ʧ ʶ loss of consciousness ; unconsciousness ָʶ recover consciousness fainting ; syncope ˯ soma stupor ˯ somnolence ;sleepiness;

drowiness ; lethargy confusion ; distracted ; distraught delirious þ hallucination convulsion ; cramp ; spasm epilepsy be paralyzed on one side ; become hemiplegic muscular weakness difficulty in walking ˵ speak thickly stagger ; reel ; falter ; walk zigzag ; walk with an unsteady gait; reel along ή atrophy of muscle left-handedness right-handedness ˶ʧ ataxia ޸о loss of sensation ; numbness ; anesthesia ʧ ȥ become numb ; loss sensibility ֪ hypersthesia ֪ٶ hypesthesia ֪쳣 paresthesia nervousness ; sensitive ; touchy ˥ nervous breaksown ־ depressed ; in low spirits in good mood ; cheerful ; euphoric unstable ; labile capricious ܴ̼ excitable ; easily excited ; irritable anxious ; apprehensive ; uneasy introvert extrovert be forgetful ; have a poor memory Į indifferent ; nonchalant ; unconcerned
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Ա inferiority complex Ъ˹ﲡ hysteria ۶ʺ ɥʧ lose one's sight 9eyesight) ; become blind ʧ loss of vision ; blindness impairment of visual acuity ; impaired vision ; fogglness (dimness) of vision ; poor (defective) vision ; blurring near-sightedness ; myopia myopy Զ far-sightedness ; hypermetrope ; hyperope 쳣 refractive error astigmatism б strabismus ; squint diplopia ; double vision ҹä night-blindness ; nyctalopia ä scotoma ; blind spot ۾ƣ eyestrain overflow of tears foreign body sensation ; a feeling of something ; grittiness ; sandiness photophoia ; abnormal intolerance of light ; inability to stand light Ĥ conjunctivitis ɰ trachoma impaired hearing ; decreased hearing ; loss of hearing be hard of hearing deaf ringing of ears ; tinnitus ʹ earache ; otalgia cerumen ; erawax ; ж otitis media ; inflammation of the middle ear ˮ snivel ; run at the nose ; have a running nose ; ˷ sniffles ; snuffles ; head cold ; coryza ߩ blow the nose ;

a nasal voice nasal obstruction ; nasal stuffiness ; nasal blockage ; nasal congestion Ѫ nosebleed ; bleeding from the nose ; nasal hemorrhage ; epistaxis rhinitis tonsil tonsillitis ʹ toothache decayed tooth ; dental caries ; tooth caries ; tooth cavity an artificial tooth װ wear false teeth (a denture) ޳ toothless ; edentulous lose a tooth ; come out γ pull out ; extract a tooth gums ; gingiva Ƥ eruption ; rash ; exanthema ; exanthem ʪ eczema ݡ urticaria ; hives ̥ birth mark() bruise ڰ mole ˮ welt ; wheal ;wale ͷƤм dandruff ; scurf scab ; curst ; slough pimple ; acne ۽ athlete's foot ; ringworm of the feet prickly heat ; heat rash chaps ; cracks sore ; erosion ; festering warts chilblain ; festering diaper rash Ѣ favus ; scaldhead ŧ impetigo ȸ freckles ɹ sunburn ɧ itching ; pruritus
17

ɧ scratch ŧ fester ; form pus ; suppurate exude ;ooze ; weep ɲ have a thigh sore (chafing in the groin) ë loss of hair ; falling-out of hair ë֢ hirsutism ë hairless ; bald ; ͺͷ baldness ; bald- headedness ͺͷ֢ alopecia ʮþ stethoscope sphygmomanometer (blood pressure cuff) Ѫѹ thermometer ¼ ophthalmoscope ۾ otoscope laryngeal mirror flashlight ֵͳ tongue depressor (tongue blade) ѹ hammer (percussion hammer ; reflex hammer) ߵﴸ tuning fork tape measure scale (ruler) loupe (magnifying glass ; hand lens) Ŵ rubber gloves finger cot ָ vaginal speculum

18


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