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2006-2010江苏专转本英语真题详解


2006 年江苏省普通高校“专转本”统一考试 大学英语
第 I 卷(共 100 分) Part I Reading Comprehension (共 20 小题,每小题 2 分,共 40 分) Passage 1 Vegetable gardening is the relaxing art and science of turning a love for growing plants into a meaningful activity. Having vegetables in the backyard makes home gardening appealing for many people. In addition, vegetable gardening provides exercise and fun for both urban and suburban families. Vegetable gardeners agree that many home-grown vegetables are superior to those purchased from markets. Form spring through late fall, a well-planned and well-kept garden can provide a supply of fresh vegetables, thus increasing the nutrition of the family diet. Freezers make it possible to keep some of the vegetables to be enjoyed at a later date. Other vegetables can be stored for a few months in a cool area. Although the money spent for a garden may be little, one cannot escape the fact that gardening requires hard work and time. Many of the gardening tasks must be performed at times that are most inconvenient. Not doing jobs that should be done on a regular basis may result in failure and a negative feeling toward gardening. One should not plant a garden that is too large for him to care for. A small, well-kept garden is more enjoyed and profitable than a large neglected one. Vegetables do well in full sunlight and need at least five or six hours of sun during the middle of one day. Too much shading results in poor plants and few vegetables. If possible, the garden should be near the house, so the garden can work in it whenever they are free. Soils for vegetables be easily broken up and porous (多孔的) for quick water drainage and good aeration (透气) . Usually the home owner has little choice in the soil type he can choose. Fortunately, many vegetables can be frown on poor soils if the soils are properly

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prepared. 1. Many people find home gardening A. expensive and boring C. time-consuming and inconvenient enjoyable 2. A well-planned and well-kept garden can provide a supply of fresh vegetables A. all year round food C. for a greater part of the year 3. The amount of money you spend on your garden A. can be large C. can not be large 4. Which of the following statements is true? A. Vegetables need to have as much shading as possible. B. A small garden is much better than a large one. C. Homeowners can freely choose the soil for their vegetable garden. D. Whenever possible, the vegetable garden should be close to your home. 5. From the passage we can conclude that A. vegetables need little care while growing B. vegetables can be grown on almost any kind of soil C. vegetable gardening is an indispensable part of life for urban and suburban people D. vegetable gardening is a good pastime for retired people B. must be large D. must not be small D. throughout spring B. whenever you need nutritious B. interesting and enjoyable D. neither interesting nor

Passage 2 In old days, when a glimpse of stocking was looked upon as something so shocking as distract the serious work of an office, secretaries were men. Then came the First World War and the male secretaries were replaced by women. A man’s secretary became his suits to the dry-cleaners; telling lies on the telephone to keep away people he did not wish to speak to; and, of course, typing and filling and shorthand.
2

taking

Now all this may be changing again. The microchip (芯片) and high technology is sweeping the British office, taking with it much of the routine clerical (文书的) work tat secretaries did. “Once office technology takes over generally, the status of the job will rise again because it will involve the high-tech work—and then men will want to do it again.” That was said by one of the executive (male) of one of the biggest secretarial agencies in this country. What he has predicted is already under was in the U. S. Once high technology has made the job of secretary less routine (乏味的) , will there be a male takeover? Men should be careful of thinking that they can walk right into the better jobs. There are a lot of women secretaries who will do job as well as men—not just because they can buy negligees (女士长睡衣) for the boss's wife, but because they are as efficient and well-trained to cope with word processors and computers and computers as men. 6. Before 1914 female secretaries sere rare because they A. were less efficient and less trained than men B. were looked down upon by men C. would have disturbed the other office workers D. wore stocking and were not as serious as men 7. A female secretary has been expected, besides other duties, to A. be her boss’s memory B. do everything her boss asks her to do C. clean her boss’s cloths D. telephone the boss’s wife 8. Secretaries, until recently, had to do a lot of work now done by A. machines wives 9. A secretary in the future will A. have more work to do C. have higher status 10. The writer believes that before long
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B. other staff

C. servant’s

D.

B. be better paid D. have less work to do

A. both men and women can act as secretaries B. men will be better than machines C. men will take over women’s jobs as secretaries D. women will operate most office machines

Passage 3 Humanity is new experiment on plant Earth. For most of its history, life on Earth was restricted to the sea. Living things began to popular the land slightly over 400 million years ago, and humans have existed for no more than 3 million years. One way to represent the evolution of life is to compress the 4.6-billion-year history of Earth into a 1-year-log film. In such a film, earth forms as the film begins on January 1, and through all of January and February it cools and is cratered (变成坑状) and the first oceans form. But those oceans remain lifeless until sometimes in March or early April, when the first living things develop. The 4-million-year history of Precambrian (前寒武纪) evolution lasts until the film reaches mid-November, when primitive ocean life begins to evolve into complex organisms such as trilobites (三叶虫) . If we examine the land instead of the oceans, we find a lifeless waste. But once our film shows plant and animal life on the land, about November 28, evolution proceeds rapidly. Dinosaurs, for example, appear about December 12 and vanish by Christmas Eve, as mammals (哺乳动物) and birds flourish. Throughout the 1-year-run of our film there are no humans, and even during the last days of the year as the mammals rise and dominate the landscape, there are no people. In the early evening of December 31, vaguely human forms move through the grasslands, and by late evening they begin making stone tools. The Stone Age lasts until shout 11:45 pm, and the first signs of civilization, towns and cities, do not appear until 11:45 pm. The Christian era begins only 14 seconds before the New Year, and the Declaration of Independence is signed with 1 second to spare. 11. In comparing all of Earth’s geological evolution to one calendar year, the author shows A. just how recently humanity has arrived on the scene B. just how simple it is to understand the history of Earth
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C. just how early humanity appears on planet Earth D. just how difficult it is to understand the history of earth 12. According to the passage, primitive ocean life begins to evolve into complex organisms A. in the middle of December C. at the beginning of November waste 13. It is indicated in the passage that A. Earth id cool at first B. Earth id hot at the beginning C. There are oceans at the beginning D. There is life in the ocean in late February 14. In the one-year-long film dinosaurs A. die out on December 25 B. appear after December 25 C. die out on December 24 D. appear on December 24 15. In the compressed history of Earth the Declaration of Independence is signed A. a long time before the New Year Year ’s Day C. just one second before the New Year D. right on the New Year Day B. immediately after the New B. when Earth is cratered D. when the land is still a lifeless

Passage 4 (非英语类考生必做) Internet-addicted job seekers may be partly the cause of the fact that it is taking the unemployed 23% longer to find a new position than it took during the recession (经济萧 条) , when the “benefits” of online job searching were unavailable. “A growing number of unemployed Americans waste time browsing (浏览) the estimated 4,000 to 5,000 online job sites, filling them with resumes, and then waiting for replies. It is common for

long-time joblessness,” argues Professor John A. Challenger. Although the Internet has the potential to be very useful for job seekers and it has become the primary tool for many, Challenger believes that it should be considered secondary to be traditional technique of meeting would-be employers in person.
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In addition to slowing job search efforts, the Internet is making the hiring process longer for the employer. In a survey of 5,000 hiring managers by an online resume site, 72% said that a majority of the resumes they received in response to an online job posting did not match the position’s description. “The more unrelated resumes managers have to go through in order to select the few to bring in for interviews, the longer it takes to fill the position,” points out Challenger. “One result of this has been the increased use of screening software by employers. This will make it even more difficult for job seekers get their resumes in front of the hiring executive for an interview.” “All of this is not to say that the Internet has not revolutionized job hunting. It has certainly made it easier for someone in San Francisco, for example, to search for job opening in Miami. In addition, the ability to conduct keyword searches have reduces the amount of time it takes to find the type of position a person is seeking.” “Job seekers must learn how to use the Internet as a tool, rather than just replying on it as a means for submitting electronic resumes,” concludes Challenger. 16. According to the passage, the coming of online job searching brings A. longer waiting time for the unemployed B. longer computer technology training for the job searchers C. more unemployment throughout the U.S.A. D. more job opportunities in the Internet world 17. Professor Challenger thinks unemployed. A. browsing the Internet job sites B. sending resumes by mail C. going to a traditional training center D. meeting the potential employers in person 18. The internet . is making the hiring process longer for the employer should be considered more important by the .

because

A. the speed of the Internet is not fast enough B. there is a lot of false information on the Net
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C. the hiring position cannot be fully described in the Net D. it has drawn many unfitting resumes 19. It can be inferred that “screening software” in Paragraph 3 is used to A. draw more job seekers to the websites B. get rid of more unrelated resumes C. serve as bridge between the job seekers and the employers D. provide the job seekers and the employers 20. According to the passage, the Internet has revolutionized job hunting by A. changing the recession cycle B. opening more chances for job seekers C. improving the employment situation D. reducing the interview time . .

(英语类学生必做) A new World Bank report warns that children who do not get enough good food in the first two years of life suffer lasting damage. They may be underdeveloped or underweight. They may suffer from poor health or limited intelligence. In addition, poorly nourished children are more likely to drop out of school and earn less money as adults. The report notes that too little food is not the only cause of poor nutrition. Many children who live in homes with plenty of food suffer for other reasons. For example, the study says that mothers often fail to give their newly born babies their breast milk. This milk-like substance is called colostrums (初乳). It is full of nutrients that improve a baby’s ability’s to fight infections and disease. The study also links malnutrition (营养不良) to economic growth in poor countries. A lack of nutrition in early childhood can cost developing nations up to three percent of their yearly earning. Many of these same countries have economies that are growing at a rate of two to three percent yearly. The study suggests that poor countries could possibly double their economic growth if they improved nutrition. Africa and South Asia are affected the most by poor nutrition. The study says about half of all children in India do not get enough good food. The World Bank study also notes
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that rates of malnutrition in South Asia are almost double those in central and southern Africa. Other parts of the world are also severely affected, including Indonesia, Uzbekistan, Yemen, Guatemala and Peru. The study recommends that developing countries change their policies to deal with malnutrition. Instead of directly providing food, the study suggests educational programs in health and nutrition for mothers with young babies. It also recommends cleaner living conditions and improvements in health care. World Bank nutrition specialist Meera Shekar said the period of life between pregnancy and two years is extremely important. Governments with limited resources should take direct action to improve nutrition for children during this period. 16. What’s the main topic of the passage? A. Poor nutrition in developing countries. B. World Bank research. C. Economic growth rate. D. Ways to fight malnutrition in developed countries. 17. It can be inferred from Paragraph 2 that children who get sufficient food might suffer malnutrition because .

A. they eat too much rubbish food everyday B. they take little physical exercise C. they are lacking in some kinds of necessary nutrients D. their mothers do not have time to take care of them in the day 18. If a poor country managed to provide enough food for children, the yearly economic growth rate would A. drop exceed 2 percent 19. According to Paragraph 4, nearly 50 percent of children suffer malnutrition in . B. South Asia C. South Africa D. India . B. not change C. rise D.

A. Uzbekistan

20. Meera Shekar believes that poor countries should help malnourished children by .
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A. providing food directly B. educational programs in health and nutrition C. improvement living condition D. improving health care

Part II Vocabulary and Structure (共 40 小题,每小题 1 分,共 40 分)
Directions: In this part there are forty incomplete sentences. Each sentence is followed by four choices. Choose the one that best completely the sentence and then mark your answer on the Answer Sheet.

21. The earth revolves a little more rapidly A. whether when 22. The number of members in the club A. were limited limited B. limits B. whereas

it is closer to the sun. C. although D.

to two hundred. C. was limited D.

23. On close examination, we found the signature not A. realistic genuine 24. As a highly A. original obedient 25. Let me give you a A. demonstration distinction 26. An author must not be too A. sensible insensible 27. Fu Lei is known for his A. explanation interaction 28. The judge dismissed the case because there was not
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. C. exact D.

B. accurate

young designer, she has a promising future in her field. B. occasional C. optional D.

of how the computer works. B. difference C. deduction D.

to criticism. C. senseless D.

B. sensitive

of music and knowledge on philosophy. B. interpretation C. composition D.

evidence.

A. adequate plenty

B. excessive

C. many

D.

29. Much of my surprise, they went away without telling us their A. forever eternal 30. Instead of going into details about his project, he spoke A. in short common 31. My book is A. virtually visually B. in general C. in particular . B. everlasting C. permanent

address. D.

D.

in

finished, I have only a few changes to make in the writing. B. violently C. vertically D.

32. The amount of water used in the manufacturing process is enormous, but the amount wasted is . B. more greater C. greatest D. even

A. the greatest greater 33. The A. examination analysis

was conducted to find out how many people prefer butter. B. inspection C. survey D.

34. Many university courses are not really employers. A. associated qualified 35. A. To judge by Judging by 36. It is not considered A. respectful respectable 37. He was A. deprived to litter in public. B. respective B. adopted

to the needs of students or their future

C. geared

D.

David’s expression, we’d better say he is not in a good mood today. B. Judged by C. To be judged by D.

C. respected

D.

of his political rights because of the bribery. B. acquired
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C. acquainted

D.

accused 38. His description of the ghost was so came to the part of killing. A. moderate passive 39. I thought his speech would be interesting, but it turned out that the more he talked, . B. the more I became bored D. I became the more bored examination before an interview can be considered. B. preliminary C. prior D. B. vivid C. active D. that his little daughter screamed when he

A. the more bored became I C. the more bored I became 40. You have to take the A. precious potential 41. Many writers A. draw on off

their childhood memories for the materials of most their stories. B. draw up C. draw up D. draw

42. Unless you have a good map, this place is very difficult to A. preserve locate 43. In Scotland, as in the rest of the United Kingdom, and ends at age 16. A. compelling compulsive 44. B. compulsory C. obliged B. dwell C. dislocate

. D.

schooling begins at age 5

D.

the rain, we should have had a pleasant trip to the countryside. B. Due to C. Thanks to D. But

A. Because of for

45. When confronted with such an urgency, my mind goes remember my own date of birth. A. dim 46. Horseback riding riding styles.
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, and I can hardly

B. blank

C. faint

D. vain

both the skill of handling a horse and mastery of diverse

A. fosters exaggerates 47. I was

B. solves

C. involves

D.

the chance of going to university then my parents’ business collapsed

and they lost everything they owned. A. ignored denied 48. The fried fish we ate at the restaurant yesterday is marvelous. I’d like to have it again even if it costs . A. as twice much much twice 49. There has been a for industry to be constructed in a single region, instead of B. twice as much C. much as twice D. as B. refused C. neglected D.

being scattered evenly over the whole country. A. trend currency 50. The final document was supposed to mend the damage the war. A. impressed condensed 51. If you A. conceal conceive 52. I don’t know whether he is A. right entitled 53. A. Having Being 54. The bank refused to A. credit him any money, so he had to postpone buying a house. B. borrow
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B. signal

C. vision

D.

upon the whole by

B. compromised

C. imposed

D.

your friends, you may lose them. B. deceive C. receive D.

to special treatment just because of his rank. C. due D.

B. bound

too much to do, they have any money, so he had to postpone buying a house. B. Have C. Had D.

C. are caused

D.

is

caused 55. Air pollution, together with overpopulation, A. are causing caused 56. You can hire a bicycle in many places. Usually you’ll have to pay a A. fare deposit 57. She has no idea of what the book is about. She A. mustn’t needn’t 58. It may be necessary to stop the lesions. A. at a distance length 59. I think I A. would enjoy enjoyed 60. No sooner A. he had he begun to speak than some noise arose from the audience. B. had he C. he has D. did the movie we went to last night even more if I had read the book. B. would have enjoyed C. will enjoy D. B. at ease C. at intervals D. at in the learning and go back to the difficult points in B. can’t have read it very carefully. C. shouldn’t D. B. fund C. deal . D. B. is causing many problems in big cities today. C. are caused D. is

Part III Cloze (共 20 小题,每小题 1 分,共 20 分) (非英语类学生必做) We get up early this morning and through the business 62 61 a long walk before breakfast. We walked 63 larger than I thought it would be. 64

of the city. The city

Well, the business section is smaller than I thought it would be. I suppose that’s Washington is a special kind of city. government. About 9:30 we went to the White House. It’s and there was a long line of people 68
13

65

of the people in Washington work for the

66

the public from 10 67

12,

to get in. We didn’t have to wait very long,

because line moved

69

quickly.

The White House is really white. It is painted every year. And it seems very white, because it’s got beautiful lawns 71 70 around it, with many trees and shrubs. The grounds 72 each side.

about four square blocks. I mean, they’re about two blocks long Of course, we didn’t see the whole building. The part

73 the President lives and 74 five of

works is not open to the public. But the part we saw was beautiful. We went

the main rooms. One of them was library on the ground floor. On the next floor, there are three rooms named 75 the colors that are used in them: the Red Room, the Blue 76 . There are 77 of old

Room, and the Green Room. The walls are covered with silk furniture from the time 78 the White House was 80 79

built. And everywhere there are

paintings and statues of former presidents and 61. A. made 62. A. position circle 63. A. was should be 64. A. reason because 65. A. Much 66. A. opened on opened for 67. A. near 68. A. waited wait 69. A. somewhat completely 70. A. all 71. A. take possess 72. A. about B. on
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famous people from history. C. went C. section D. set D.

B. took B. place

B. is

C. has been

D.

B. for

C. since

D.

B. more B. open to

C. Few C. opening for

D. Most D.

B. since B. wait

C. towards C. waiting

D. till D. to

B. pretty

C. slightly

D.

B. whole B. make

C. every C. cover

D. each D.

C. in

D. for

73. A. that which 74. A. across along 75. A. after 76. A. clothes dressing 77. A. pieces sheets 78. A. which where 79. A. firstly 80. A. the other another

B. where

C. what

D.

B. for

C. through

D.

B. by B. cloth

C. with C. clothing

D. for D.

B. bits

C. blocks

D.

B. since

C. when

D.

B. early B. other

C. at first C. others

D. first D.

(英语类学生必做) In 1982, Mark Thatcher, the son of Mrs. Thatcher was reported 61 in the Sahara

Desert while competing in the Grand Prix motor race from Pairs to Dakar. This sad news, so 62 , shook the usually calm and unperturbed seasoned politician 63 her balance.

Though she said that there 64 usual, people could not 65

had happened and made her public appearances as prime minister

to notice that she was no longer the old 66 control.

who always had everything 67

68 she had become a very sad mother who

was unable to recover from her shock. One day, when she was to speak at a luncheon party, a reporter caught her 69 guard by 70 up the subject of her missing son again. She was totally mentally her

71 for

the question and lost her self control. Tears were rolling down her eyes as she sobbingly told the reporter that there 72 still no news of Mark and that she was very worried about had promised to do their best to help her find her

him. She said that all the countries 73 son. 74 she 75

that she broke down completely and sobbed silently for quite a while. Gradually down and started to speak as 76 . it was a very moving scene which 77
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a new

side of Mrs. Thatcher’s character the public do not usually see, 78

people began to talk

about the Iron Woman’s maternal love, a sentiment that is 79 to all human kind. Later Mark returned 80 and sound to his mother ’s side, good-humored and all

similes as usual, as if nothing unusual had ever happened. The Iron Woman’s, however, broke down again as was sobbing for the second time. 61. A. missing wanted 62. A. expected unexpecting 63. A. with 64. A. something everything 65. A. miss expect 66. A. reassured self-assuring 67. A. for under 68. A. Instead 69. A. into 70. A putting giving 71. A. ready unexpected 72. A. was would be 73. A. concerning worried 74. A. At 75. A. sat B. Before B. broke
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B. missed

C. wanting

D.

B. expecting

C. unexpected

D.

B. on B. anything

C. out C. nothing

D. off D.

B. fail

C. pretend

D.

B. self-assured

C. assuring

D.

B. beneath

C. below

D.

B. However B. out of B. bringing

C. Therefore C. on C. taking

D. So D. off D.

B. prepared

C. unprepared

D.

B. were

C. should be

D.

B. concerned

C. worrying

D.

C. After C. calmed

D. With D.

became 76. A. planned plan 77. A. explained exclaimed 78. A. however 79. A. universal strange 80. A. safe hearing B. safely C. sight D. B. instead B. unique C. so C. single D. but D. B. exposed C. excluded D. B. planning C. plans D. a

第 II 卷 (共 50 分)

注意事项: 1、 答第 II 卷前,考生务必将密封线内的各项目及第 13 页右下角的座位号填写清楚。 2、 第 II 卷共两大题,考生须用钢笔或圆珠笔将答案直接答在试卷上。 3、 考试结束,考生将第 II 卷、第 I 卷和答题卡一并交回。

Part IV Translation (共 35 分) Section A (共 5 小题,每小题 4 分,共 20 分) 81. Vegetable gardeners agree that many home-grown vegetables are superior to those purchased from markets. (Passage One) 82. One should not plant a garden that is too large for him to care for. (Passage One) 83. There are a lot of women secretaries who will do job as well as men. (Passage Two) 84. (非英语类学生必做) But those oceans remain lifeless until sometimes in March or early April, when the first living things develop. (Passage Three) 85. (非英语类学生必做) Job seekers must learn how to use the Internet as a tool, rather than just replying on it as a means for submitting electronic resumes, (Passage Four) 84. (英语类学生必做)
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A lack of nutrition in early childhood can cost developing nations up to three percent of their yearly earning. Many of these same countries have economies that are growing at a rate of two to three percent yearly. (Passage Four) 85. (英语类学生必做) The World Bank study also notes that rates of malnutrition in South Asia are almost double those in central and southern Africa. (Passage Four)

Section B (共 5 小题,每小题 3 分,共 15 分)
Directions: Translate the following sentences into English.

86、据说这幅画是毕加索 (Picasso) 的名作。 87、我记得以前在电视上见过他,但我不能肯定。 88、我们的冰箱坏了,必须找人修一下。 89、面对这样复杂的情形,他努力抑制着自己的情感。 90、我期待着再次见到他,因为我们已整整十年没见面了。

Part V Writing (共 15 分)
Directions: In this part you are required to write an easy about how your daily schedule has changed since you became a college student. You should write at least 120 words and base your composition on the outline (given in Chinese) below.

1、 课堂学习日程。 2、 业余生活的安排。 3、 和中学的有什么不同。

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2007 年江苏省普通高等学校“专转本”统一考试 大学英语
第 I 卷(共 100 分) Part I Reading Comprehension (共 40 分) Passage one Under proper conditions, sound waves will be reflected from a hillside or other such obstruction. Sound travels at the rate of about one-fifth of mile per second. If the hill is eleven hundred feet away, it takes two seconds for the sound to travel o the hill and back. Thus, by timing the interval between a sound and its reflection (the echo), you can estimate the distance to an obstruction. During word war 2 the British used a practical application of this principle to detect German planes on their way to bomb London long before the enemy was near the target. They used radio waves instead of sound waves, since radio waves can penetrate fog and clouds. The outnumbered Royal Air Force (RAF) always seemed to the puzzled Germans to be lying in wait at the right time and never to be surprised. It was radio echoes more than anything else that won the Battle of Britain. Since the radio waves were used to tell the direction in which to send the RAF planes and the distance to send them (their range of flight, in other words), the device was called radio directing and ranging, and from the initials the word radar was coined. (files come from www.dinyuan.cn) 1. Sound waves reflected from a hill can be used to estimate the. A. heigt of the hill C. distance to the hill 2. Practical applications of this principles resulted in. A. New electronic instruments for planes B. A radio directing and ranging device C. New radio sets for RAF bombers D. An electronic detecting device
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B. speed of sound D. intensite of sound

3. Radar enabled the English to. A. Detect German planes on their way to London B. Direct the outnumbered RAF planes effectively C. Confuse German bomber pilots D. Both A and B 4.It can be inferred from the passage that A. Light waves could be used in a device similar to radar B. Radar was a practical application of a well-known principle C. Radar greatly increased the effectiveness of the Royal Air Force D. Sound waves are reflected from a hillside under all conditions 5. The author of this passage probably intended to explain A. Exactly how radar works B. Why the British used radio waves in their device C. How radar (work and device) came to be D. How radar helped the British win the Battle of Britain Passage Two In general, the ancient Romans were a practical people. They cared less about philosophy and pure mathematics than did the Greeks. The Romans were the best of the ancient engineers and architects. They were brilliant students of Greek geometry and trigonometry (三角学) , and they applied their knowledge to the construction of fine bridges, roads, aqueducts (渠道) , and public buildings. They knew about the smelting of iron ore, but they used the iron they produced mainly for spears, swords, and shields, rather than for building construction. While the Romans accomplished practical wonders, they did very little theoretical scientific thinking. Because of their frequent wars, many of their inventions were no more than improvements in the design of Greek weapons with which they were familiar. There are two reasons for the Romans neglect of philosophy and pure mathematics. First, they were apparently too busy conquering nearby nations and forming them into a rapidly growing empire to waste time on abstract thinking. Secondly, they were handicapped (妨碍) by the rigidity of their numerical system. (Try to multiply XI by LVII or
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to divide CXLIII by IX; it simply cannot be done with pencil and paper.) The Romans did all of their arithmetic on an abacus, the ancient counterpart of the modern computing machine. Their number system discouraged the study of pure mathematics. 6. The author calls the Romans “practical” because they A. Cared little about philosophy B. Applied their knowledge to construction C. Saw the necessity for developing theoretical science D. Studied the past and learned from it 7.The ancient Romans did not concern themselves with A. Theoretical or abstract thought C. Studying 8.In construction, the Romans made extensive use of A. Iron ore C. Studying B. peometry and trigonometry D. both B and C B. applied mathematics D. either A or C

9.Many Romans inventions were based on Greek weapons because the A. Greeks had superior weapons Bromines were involved in frequent wars C. Romans were not familiar with many types of weapons D. Greek proved himself or herself inspired inventor 10.The author of this passage probably wanted to explain why A. He considers the Romans a practical people B. Roman were involved in frequent wars C. Theoretical thinking is necessary fir the growth of a nation D. The Romans contributed little to philosophical thought Passage Three Professor Barry Wellman if University of Toronto in Canada has invented a term to describe the way many North Americans interacts these days. The term to have opposite meanings. How can we be individuals and be networked at the same time? You need other people for networks. Here is what Professor Wellman means. Before the invention of the Internet and
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e-mail, our social networks involved live interactions with relatives, neighbors, and colleagues at work. Some of the interaction was by phone, but it was still voice, person to person, in real time. A recent research study by the Pew Internet and Americans Life Project showed that for a lot of people, electronic interaction through the coputer has replaced this person-to-person interaction. However, a lot of people interviewed for the Pew study say that’s a good thing. Why? In the past, many people were worried that the Internet isolated us and caused us to spend too much time in the imaginary world of the computer. But the Pew study discovered that the opposite is true. The Internet connects us with MORE real people than expected-helpful-people who can give advice on careers, medical problems, raising children, and choosing a school or college. About 60 million American told Pew that the Internet plays an important role in helping them major life decisions. Thanks to the computer. “networked individuals” are able to be alone and together with other people-at the same time! 11. the pew study was conducted in A. the United States C. the U.S. and Canada 12. in the article, a network is a group of connected A. radio or TV stations C. computers B. people D. roads B. Canada D. Europe

13. before the invention of the Internet, our connections with people tool place mainly A. in person e-mail 14. Which of the following has happened since the invention of the Internet and email? A. people are talking on the phone more than ever. B. Interaction through the computer has replaced a lot of person to person interaction. C. Americans are turning into hermits. D. Sixty million Americans have bought computers. 15. Which of the following was NOT one of the discoveries of Pew study?
22

B. by phone

C. by letter

D. by

A. The Internet has put us in touch with more people than expected. B. People use the Internet to get advice on careers, medical problems, and other questions. C. For many Americans, the Internet plays an important role in helping them make important decisions. D. “Internet addiction” is a growing problem among people who use computers. Passage four
(非英语类学生必做)

Summers with father were always enjoyable. Swimming, hiking, boating, fishing-the days were not long enough to contain all of activities. There never seemed to be enough time to go to church, which disturbed some friends and relations. Accused of neglecting this part of our education, my father instituted a summer school for my brother and me. However, his summer course included ancient history, which Papa felt our schools neglected, and navigation, in which we first had a formal examination in the dining room, part of which consisted of tying several knots in a given time limit. Then we were each separately sent on what was grandly referred to as a cruise in my father’s 18-foot knockabout, spending the night on board, and loaded down, according to formally plot our course, using the tide table, even though our goal was an island I could see quite clearly across the water in the distance. 16. What was the original reason for holding the summer school? A. The father wanted the children to learn more about religion. B. The children got poor grades in their regular school. C. The regular school teachers neglected the children. D. Friends and relatives thought the children should learn religion. 17. The purpose of the cruise mentioned in the passage was to A. have fun B. test the author for completing summer school C. reward the author for completing summer school D. get to the island 18. Why did the author have to plot the summer of her cruise?
23

A. She had to demonstrate her to do so. B. She was afraid of getting lost. C. The coast was dangerous. D. The tides were strong. 19. How long did the author’s cruise last? A. All summer. C. A week. B. Overnight. D. One day, morning till night

20. Apparently a knockabout is A. a seaman’s knot C. an island
(英语类学生必做)

B. a cruise D. a boat

The three main types of secondary education in the United States have been provided by the Latin grammar school, the academy, and the public high school. The first of these was a colonial institution. It began in New England with the establishment in 1635 of the Boston Free Latin School. The curriculum consisted mainly of the classical languages, and the purpose of this kind of school was the preparation of boys for college, where most of them would be fitted for the ministry. The academy began in the early 1750’s with Benjamin Franklin’s school in Philadelphia, which later became the University of Pennsylvania. It extended generally to about the middle of the nineteenth century, except in the southern states where the public high school was late in developing and where the academy continued a principal means of secondary education even after 2900. the academy was open to girls as well as to boys, and it provided a wider curriculum than the Latin grammar school had furnished. It was designed not only as a wider curriculum than the Latin grammar school had furnished. It was designed not only as a preparation for college but also for practical life in commercial and business activities. Although its wide educational values were evident and are recognized as important contributions to secondary education in this country, the academy was never considered a public institution as the public high school has come to be. The public high school had its origin in Massachusetts in 1821 when the England
24

ClassicalSchool was established in Boston. In 1827, that state enacted the first state-wide public high-school law in the United States. By 1840, there were perhaps a dozen public high schools in Massachusetts and many in other eastern states; by 1850, they were also to be found in many other states. Just as the curriculum of the academy grew out of that of the Latin grammar school, so the curriculum of the public high school developed out of the academy. The public high school in the United States is a rejection of the aristocratic (贵族) and selective principle of the European educational tradition. Since 1890, enrollments in secondary schools, mainly public high schools, have practically doubled in this country every ten years. 16. According to the author, the main types of secondary education in the United States have been provided by A. New England establishments B. the Latin grammar school and the academy C. the public high school D. both B and C 17. According to the passage, which of the following sequences indicates the order in which the school developed? A. Latin grammar, public high school, academy. B. Latin grammar, school, academy, public high school. C. Public high school, Latin grammar school, academy. D. Public high school, academy, Latin grammar school. 18. Since 1890,secondary enrollments have A. almost doubled every ten years C. classical in enrollment D. increased tenfold B. practically doubled

19. In the southern states, the principal of secondary education even after 1900 continued to be the A. Latin grammar school B. academy

C. classical language school D. church school 20. One can properly infer from this article that “Latin grammar school” refer to A. the Boston Free Latin School
25

B. all elementary schools in the United States C. schools which taught Latin Exclusive of all other subjects D. a number of grammar schools which developed in New England Part II Vocabulary and Structure (共 40 分) 21. Mary is one of the brightest students who A. graduated C. had graduated B. have graduated D. has graduated only a few form New York University.

22. My friend’s son, who is a soldier, was delight when he was miles from home. A. camped stationed 23. She has bought some lovely A. stuff pattern 24. She has bought with what you have given her husband and A. that that 25. I passed my exams but it was a long time A. that I didn’t tell C. after I told B. before I told D. since I told the fallen heroes. C. in terms of my friends about it. B. which C. all what B. clothing to make herself a dress. C. material B. situated C. placed

D.

D.

you have told him. D. al

26. The stone statue in the city square was put up A. in memory of view of B. in search of

D. in

27. When I applied for my passport to be renewed, I had to send a A. fresh late B. familiar C. recent

photo. D.

28. The Americans and the British not only speak the same language but also social customs. A. join maintain
26

many

B. familiar

C. recent

D.

29. A. Seen

from the hill-top, the lake scenery is beyond description. B. Seeing C. To D.

Having seen 30. In many schools, students don’t have easy access A. of B. into C. for he had been working hard all the time. B. the fact which C. the fact that D. computers. D. to

31. His success was due to A. that the fact what

32. He didn’t want to go to the cinema but they begged so hard that he finally went with them. A. gave off gave in 33. The toy boat turned over and sank to the A. quick base 34. You mustn’t be A. quick fast 35. Do not disturb me. I A. write C. was writing letters all morning and have written six so far. B. am writing D. have been writing , or else you will make a lot of mistakes. B. hasty C. rapid B. ground of the pool. C. floor B. gave away C. gave out

and

D.

D.

D.

36. Teachers always tell their students that it is no good A. to leave leave 37. I have really got angry with John because A. whatever everything B. anything B. leaving

today’s work for tomorrow. C. left D.

I suggest, he always disagrees. C. what D.

38. George had great difficulty in swimming across the lake, but he finally succeeded on his fourth A. process . B. attempt
27

C. display

D.

intention 39. After much thought, the engineer found a very A. logical ordinary 40. Edison tested more than one thousand materials to see if they could current and glow. A. bring produce 41. If we had known that she had planed to arrive today,we A. will have met might have meet 42. When a machine is A. building be build 43. His wide A. career information 44. Scientists have recently A. put forwad put up 45. When we reached the station ,the train had not arrived yet ; so we A . needed not to hurry B. needn’t have hurried D.had not needed to hurry 46. Many things A. considering consiered 47. We believe that the young generatin will prove A. worth worthless 48. The two elements water is made up are the gases-oxygen and hdogen.
28

solution to the problem. C. clever D.

B. necessary

electric

B. make

C. carry

D.

her at the bus station. D.

B. might meet

C. had meet

, suitabe materials must be chosen for its parts. B. build C.to build D. to

of the newspaper world enabled him to become a successful editor. B. experience C. experiment D.

the theory that eating too much fat is bad for the heart. B. put along C. put out D.

. need to hutty

C.

didn’t

impossible in the past are quite common today. B. being considered C. to be consider D.

of our trust. C. worthwhile D.

B. worthy

A. that with which 49. So fast A. light travels C. does light travels 50. Output is now six times A. that which

B. which

C. of which

D.

that it is difficult for us to imagine its speed. B. travels light D. does light travel it was before liberation. B. which C. what D. of

51. Most foreign businessmen are investment. A. in relation to C. in contrast of 52. He made such a new building after him. A. modest adequate 53. It has always been the activities. A. campaign rule B. procedure B. generous

the government’s new policy on foreign

B. in possession of D. in favor of contribution to the university that they are naming one of the

C. real

D.

of our firm to encourage workers to take part in social

C. policy

D.

54. We arranged to meet at the theatre at seven but she didn’t A. turn up turn round 55. The passagers A. were just coming C. are just coming B. turn down C. turn off

. D.

out of the exit when we arrived at the airport. B. just came D. just come to peaceful

56. As soon as Word War II ended, Einstein urged that atomic energy use. A. is put will be put
29

B. be put

C. would be put

D.

57. Surveys have revealed that quite a lot of people watch TV only to A. waste B. spend D.take 58. Neither the teacher or her students A. has been asked C.have asked B. has asked D.have been asked C.

time. kill

to attend the meeting by the headmaster.

59. The photographs of Mars taken from satallites are earth. A. much clear more clearer 60. Although I hadn’t seen him for years, I A. realized discovered Part III Cloze (共 20 分)
(非英语类学生必做)

than those taken from the

B. the clearest

C. clearest

D.

his voice on the telphone at once. C. heard D.

B. recongnized

I arrived in the United States here very 62

61

February 6, 1986, but I remember my first day 63 landed at Kennedy 64 and it was 66 a

. My friend was coming for me when my

Airport at three o’clock in the afternoon. The weather was very snowing, but I was 65

excited to mind. From the airport, my friend and I

taxi to my hotel. On the way, I saw the skyline of Manhattan for the first time and I stared in 67 me at the famous Word Trade Centre, the tallest building in the word. My friend helped 68 at the hotel and then left because he had to go 69 to work. He promised to

return the next day. Shortly after he left, I went to a 70 near the hotel to get something to eat. As I couldn't speak 71 of english, I couldn’t tell the 72 what I wanted. I was very upset 73 me. Finally, I ordered the

and started to make some gestures, but the waiter didn’t

same thing the man at the table was eating. After dinner, I started to walk along Broadway 74 I came to Time Square with its movie theaters, neon lights, and huge crowds of 75 walking around the city. I wanted to see everything

people. I did not feel tired, so I on my first day. I knew it was

76 , but I wanted to try.
30

When I returned to the hotel, I was exhausted, but I 77 sleep because I kept hearning the fire and police sirens during the night. I lay 78 and thought about New York. It was a very big and 79 city with many tall buildings and big cars, and full of 80 . D. for D.

noise and busy people. I also decided right then that I had to learn to speak 61. A. in 62. A. cleary badly 63. A. car helicopter 64. A. hot changeable 65. A. so too 66. A. took reached 67. A. sadness astonishment 68. A. prepare pack 69. A. back across 70. A. store baker’s 71. A. a little any 72. A. baker waiter 73. A. understand take care of 74. A. when B. after
31

B. at B. quickly

C. on C. eagerly

B. plane

C. bus

D.

B. cold

C. mild

D.

B. very

C. much

D.

B. made

C. paid

D.

B. horror

C. disapponitment

D.

B. stay

C. unpack

D.

B. forward

C. over

D.

B. supermarket

C. restaurant

D.

B. a word

C. much

D.

B. manager

C. assistant

D.

B. obey

C. pay attention to

D.

C. until

D. as

75. A. began continued 76. A. important interesting 77. A. could wouldn’t 78. A. awake confused 79. A. polluted interesting 80. A. French Chinese
(英语类学生做)

B. stopped

C. intended

D.

B. impossible

C. exciting

D.

B. couldn’t

C. would

D.

B. asleep

C. waiting

D.

B. polluting

C. interested

D.

B. Spanish

C. English

D.

Sleep is important to us because it helps restore organs and tissues in our body. But how much sleep do we actually need? For most of us, eight hours seems to be about the right amount. Yet we know that there are many people who get 62 . A great deal depends on the 61 63 perfectly with less sleep, and some who may need we live. But a good general rule 65 64 is to sleep

as long as we have to in order to feel happy and be able to work awaken. There are actually different 66

our best when we

of sleep. There is a deep sleep and shallow sleep. 67 sleep,

In a shallow sleep our body does not get the same kind of rest it gets in a 68 very

after eight hours of a shallow sleep we may still feel tired. But a short, deep can be 69 . Alexander the Great was able to get a deep sleep 70 he needed it. Once, during 72

the night before an important battle, he remained he wrapped himself in a cloak and 73

71

longer than anyone else.

down on the earth. He slept so 74 75 to atack!

that his

generals had to wake him three times for him to give the

Normally when we sleep, our “sleep center” blocks off nerves so that and body go to sleep. 77

76 our brain

prevents us from wanting to do anything, and the other 78
32

our internal organs and limbs go to sleep.

79

sometmes only one goes to sleep and 80 asleep (brain sleep) and

the other does not. A very tired soldier can sometimes keep on marching, because his body is not asleep. 61. A. across over 62. A. more little 63. A. style manner 64. A. follow following 65. A. to 66. A. levels varieties 67. A. daytime deep 68. A. now that fear that 69. A. restful useless 70. A. whereever whichever 71. A. active aware 72. A. Instead Then 73. A. lay lain 74. A. deep lightly
33

B. away

C. along

D.

B. much

C. least

D.

B. way

C. method

D.

B. to follow

C. followed

D.

B. in B. standards

C. for C. heights

D. at D.

B. nighttime

C. shallow

D.

B. in order that

C. so that

D. for

B. restless

C. useful

D.

B. however

C. whenever

D.

B. awake

C. asleep

D.

B. Still

C. Moreover

D.

B. laid

C. lied

D.

B. sound

C. deeply

D.

75. A. conference command 76. A. either not only 77. A. It That 78. A. makes leads 79. A. So But 80. A. turn become

B. consent

C. confidence

D.

B. both

C. meigher

D.

B. One

C. This

D.

B. forces

C. causes

D.

B. Thus

C. Or

D.

B. go

C. fall

D.

第 II 卷(共 50 分) Part IV Translation (共 35 分) Section A 81. They used radio waves instead of sound waves, since radio waves can penetrate fog and clouds. (Passage One) 82. Because of their frequent wars, many of their inventions were no more than improvements in th design of Greek weapons with they were familiar. (Passage One) 83. In the past, many people were worried that Internet isolated us and caused us to spend too much time in the imaginary world of the computer. (Passage Three) 84. (非英语类学生必做) Summers with father were always enjoyable. Swimming, hiking, boating, fishing-the days were not long enough to contain all of our activities. (Passage Four) 85. (非英语类学生必做) There never seemed to be enough tome to go to church, which disturbed some friends and relations. (Passage Four) 84. (英语类学生必做) The curriculum consisted mainly of the classical languages, and the purpose of this kind of school was the preparation of boys for college, where most of them would be fitted for
34

the ministry. (Passage Four) 85. (英语类学生必做) Just as th curriculum of the academy grew out of that of the Latin grammar school, so the curriculum of the public high school developed out of that of the academy. (Passage Four) Section B 86. 使他吃惊的是,她不仅没有表扬他,反而批评了他。 87. 陈大夫整个晚上都在为伤员做手术。 88. 我们提议对计划作修改。 89. 他那么细心不会不注意到这一点的。 90. 很难说这两个人中谁年龄大些,看上去他们年龄差不多。 Part V Writing (共 15 分) Directions: In this part you are required to write an essay about making the most of our school days. You should write at least 120 words (files come from www.dinyuan.cn) and base your composition on the outline (given in Chinese) below. 1. 生命是短暂的,时间是宝贵的。 2. 在校学习的时间更短暂。 3. 应该充分利用在校时光。

35

2008 年江苏省普通高校“专转本”统一考试 大学英语
第 I 卷(共 100 分) Part I Reading Comprehension (共 40 分) Passage 1 Sometimes, people simply do not realize they are being ill mannered. Take Ted, for example. He prides himself on speaking his mind, and has something to say on everything. But his frankness is often extremely embarrassing. He is incapable of saying, “I thought that last advertising campaign had a lot of good ideas in it, but perhaps next time we could give the copy more vitality (活力) .” Instead, he could say, “That campaign was a disaster. A child of three could have done better!” The fact that he is often right does not help. Other employees dislike his manner even more, he is too sensitive to notice. Another character among the list of ill-mannered employees is Sally, who seems to regard just being at work as a severe punishment. Everything is done unwillingly. Asking her to do a task beyond her basic job description is often not worth the trouble. It will be done, but half-heartedly. Fergus is just the opposite. He shows an over-familiarity to his boss. When an important visitor is shown into the manager ’s office, Fergus cannot take the hint and leave. Instead he w3ill attempt to take part in the conversation, declaring, “You can talk in font of me. Henry and I don’t have many secrets, do we? ” Over the years Pergus has fallen behind his former equals. But he seeks to maintain the same close relationship that he imagines existed in their younger days. 1. Which of the following words describes Ted best? A. Cold Warm-hearted 2. It can be inferred from the passage that Ted
36

B. Tactless

C. Stupid

D.

.

A. is well-known for his honestly B. tends to blame others rather than himself C. often gives the right idea in the wrong way D. is treated unfairly by the management 3. Which of the following is true about Sally? A. She thinks it’s unfair to have so much work to do. B. She is unhappy to help others. C. She hates being ordered about. D. She does everything half-heartedly. 4. Form the passage, we can infer that Fergus A. was once close to all his colleagues B. has remained in the same position for years C. doesn’t know what a hint is D. knows everything that happens in the office 5. The writer is taking the point of view of A. a colleague C. an employee Passage 2 A lot of real businesses are focusing on the Internet as a way of building sales, but some people with nothing to sell are creating their own Web sites to announce wedding plans, show off pictures of their kids or just have communication. It’s not as hard as you think and it can be a lot of fun. Carol Masser has some tips on building you own Web site. “Like my living room, or my study, it’s where I put, mementos (纪念品), collectibles (收藏 物), books and paintings and things that I would like to show to my friends and relatives.” Renne Tubegeihan uses his own Web site to invite people into his virtual home. While John Marashod designed his own Web site to attract other parents of disabled children. “I’d say the goal of this site is to basically link parents in the same situation with disabled children and exchange ideas with one another.” Renne and John are part of a growing number of surfers who have established their own Web site. If you want to weave a Web yourself, it’s easier than you think. The first
37

.

. B. people like Ted D. a manager

step is to get your own Web address. They’re sold by Web service providers like Microsoft, AT&T, and other local companies. You are expected to pay between 15 and 25 dollars every month to rent space for your site. But some companies, like Tripod and Geocities, issue the site for free if you agree to allow their advertising on your page. Before you get into setting up your own Web site, you should go around and do some surfing and check out other sites. Once you know what you want to do, it’s time to build. If you just want the basics, you can use Microsoft’s free Internet Assistant; or if you want to get a little fancier, you can by a software program like Adobe Page Mill for 100 dollars or Microsoft’s FrontPage Editor for 150 dollars. 6. According to the passage, some people create their own Web sites in order to A. sell their personal things B. set up family business C. communications with others D. show off their Web-site building skills 7. What is the main goal of John Marashod’s Web site? A. To contact parents who like to share their ideas on raising children. B. To link parents who offer free service to disabled children. C. To send information to disabled children. D. To link parents with disabled children so as to communicate with each other. 8. Some companies offer free Web address provided that A. their advertisements are allowed to be put on the Web site B. the Web service providers agree to put their advertisement on their Web sites C. Microsoft and other service providers pay the monthly rent D. 25 dollars are to Microsoft, AT&T or other local companies 9. What do you need to do after you get your Web site address according to the passage? A. You need to contact a local company for free advertising. B. You need to surf some web sites so as to decide what will be included in your Web site. C. You need to learn the basic skills of creating a Web site. D. You need to buy a software program called Adobe Page Mill.
38

.

.

10. What does the author think about creating one’s own Web site? A. It’s very complicated. standard. C. It’s much easier than we think. Passage 3 Moods, say the experts, are emotions that tend to became fixed, influencing one’s outlook for hours, days or even weeks. That’s great if your mood is a pleasant one, but a problem if you are sad, anxious, angry or simple lonely. Perhaps the best way to deal with such moods is to talk them out: sometimes, though, there is no one to listen. Modern pharmacology (药物学) offers a lot of tranquilizers (镇静 剂), antidepressants and anti-anxiety drugs. What many people don’t realize, however, is that scientists have discovered the effectiveness of several non-drug approaches to make you free from an unwanted mood. These can be just as useful as drugs, and have the added benefit of being non-poisonous. So next time you feel out of sorts, don’t head for the drug-store, try the following approach. Of all the mood-altering self-help techniques, aerobic (增氧健体的) exercise seems to be the most efficient cure for a bad mood. “If you could keep the exercise, you’d be in high spirits.” Says Kathryn Lance, author of Running for Health and Beauty. Researchers have explained biochemical and various other changes that make exercise compared favorably to drugs as a mood-raiser. Physical exertion such as housework, however, does little. The key is aerobic exercise—running, cycling, walking, swimming or other repetitive and tamed activities that boost the heart rate., increase circulation (血液循环) and improve the body’s utilization (利用) of oxygen. Do them for at least 20 minutes a session, three of five times a week. 11. What id the main subject of the passage? A. How to beat a bad mood. B. How to do physical exercise. C. How to talk bad moods out. D. How to get involved in aerobic exercise. 12. It can be inferred from the passage that
39

B. It’s expensive by American

D. It’s just too simple.

.

A. the best way to overcome a bad mood is to talk to oneself B. when one is in a bad mood, he or she may not work very efficiently C. some drugs are more effective than physical exercise D. a person can make a big profit if he is in a good mood 13. “Feel out of sorts” in the second paragraph could be best replaced by “ A. put things in order C. search for tranquilizers B. be in bad mood D. need a mood-raiser ”.

14. Which of the following is NOT true according to the passage? A. Doing housework can also help you overcome bad mood. B. Aerobic exercise can make you in high spirits. C. Swimming, walking, or running is an efficient cure for a bad mood. D. Taking anti-anxiety drugs might do harm to people’s health. 15. Which of the following best describes the organization of this passage? A. A procedure is explained and its significance is emphasized. B. A problem is pointed out and solutions are given. C. Two contrasting views of a problem are presented. D. Recent pharmacological advancements are outlined in order of importance. Passage 4 (非英语类学生必做,英语类学生不做,16—20 小题。) The average person swallows about half-a-ton of food a year—not counting drink— and though the body is remarkably efficient at extracting (摄取) just what it needs form this huge mixture, it can only cope up to a point. If you go on eating too much of some things and not enough of others, you’ll eventually get out of condition and your health will suffer. So think before you start eating. It may look good. It may taste good. Fine! But how much good is it really doing you? What you eat and the way it affects your body depend very much on the kinds of person you are. For one thing, the genes you inherit form your parents can determine how your body metabolism (新陈代谢) copes with particular foods. The tendency to put on weight rather easily, for example, often runs in families—which means that they have to take particular care.
40

And your parents many shape your future in another way. The way you are brought up shapes some basic attitudes to food—like whether you have a sweet tooth, nibble (吃 零食) between meals, take big mountains or eat chips with everything. Eating habits, good or bad, tend to get passed on. And then there is your lifestyle. How much you spend on food ( time as well as money ), how much exercise you get—these can alter the balance between food and fitness. And finally, both your age and your sex may affect this balance. For example, you’re more likely to put on weight as get older, especially if you’re a woman. 16. Before eating something, we are advised to consider A. how good it will taste C. why we want to eat it 17 We can infer from the passage that . .

B. whether we really need it D. if we have eaten too much of it

A. in order to keep fit, we should spend as little time and money as possible on food B. nibbling between meals is a bad habit that will throw our body out C. if other members of our family get fat quite easily, we probably will too D. we can eat as much as we want and leave it to our body to select what it needs 18. If we love sweet things, it’s probably due to A. our body’s needs C. our basic instinct . B. our parent’s influence D. the taste of the food

19. According to the passage, which person is most likely to put on weight? A. A successful young businessman. B. A child who is picky about food. C. A man with a good appetite. D. A woman who has just retired. 20. What conclusion can we draw from this passage? A. People need a standard to guide their eating. B. Proper eating is the key to one’s health. C. Women should pay more attention to what they eat. D. The balance between food and fitness is hard to maintain.
41

Passage 4 (英语类学生必做,非英语类学生不做,16—20 小题。) Mrs. P sneezes violently. Mrs. Q says, “Bless you!” Mrs. P says, “Thank you.” Again, this hardly seems to be a case of language being used to communicate ideas, but rather to maintain a comfortable relationship between people. Its function is to provide a means of avoiding a situation which both parties might otherwise find embarrassing. No factual content is involved. Similarly, the use of such phrases as “Good morning” or “Pleased to meet you”, and ritual exchanges about health or the weather, do not communicate ideas in the usual sense. Sentences of this kind are usually automatically produced, and stereotyped in structure. They often state the obvious (e. g. Lovely day) or have no content at all (e. g. Hello). They certainly require a special kind of explanation, and this is found in the idea that language is here being used for the purpose of maintaining good relationship between people. The anthropologist (人类学家) Bronislaw Malinowski created the phrase “phatic communication” to signal friendship—or, at least, lack of hatred. For someone to withhold these when they are expected, by staying silent, is a sure sign of distance, alienation (疏 远) , or even danger. These illustrations apply to English and to many European languages. But cultures vary greatly in the topics which they permit as phatic communication. The weather is not as universal a conversation-filler as the English might like to think. For example, Rundi women (in Burendi, Central Africa), upon taking leave, are quite often heard to say, routinely and politely, “I must go home now, or my husband will beat me.” Moreover, phatic communication itself is far from universal. Some culture say little, and prefect silence, as in the case of the Paliyans of southern India, or the American of Colombia. 16. What is the subject of the passage? A. Language used to communication ideas. B. Difference between English of language use. C. A special social function of language use. D. Relationship between language and culture.
42

17. In Paragraph 1, the author implies that

.

A. people usually think language is only used to communicate ideas B. the exchange about health or the weather is a universal topic C. people will always say something when facing embarrassment D. the example of Mrs. P and Mrs. O is common in all cultures 18. The phrase “stereotyped in structure” in Paragraph 2 probably means A. sentence of this kind have a variety of meanings B. this kind of sentence has no content at all C. the structure of these three sentences is always changing D. sentence of this kind usually have a fixed structure 19. The phrase “phatic communication” in Paragraph 3 can be explained as A. exchange of ideas B. explanation of facts C. exchanges about heath or the weather D. exchange for maintaining social relationship 20. In the last paragraph, the author concludes that . . .

A. the weather is a universal topic for human communication B. phatic communication differs form culture to culture C. the English and people in may Europeans countries have common language for phatic communication D. every culture has its own way to communicate ideas Part II Vocabulary and Structure (共 40 分) 21. His salary as a bus driver is much higher than A. that of a teacher C. these of a teacher 22. While Tim was walking in the street, he came A. into with 23. Hardly making the speech when the people stood up applauding. B. the speaker had finished
43

. B. those of a teacher D. this of a teacher an old classmate of his. C. onto D. up

B. across

A. has the speaker finished

C. had the speaker finished

D. had finished the speaker

24. Human behavior is mostly a product of learning, whereas the behavior of an animal depends mainly on A. consciousness C. impulse 25. If you A. persist assist 26. There are not many teachers who are strong teaching. A. sponsors performers 27. Please see to it A. that which 28. We had A. set up made up 29. Only those who are A. awake illusive 30. It is suggested that smoking A. will not be allowed C. not be allowed 31. In in public places. B. was not allowed D. is not allowed of their lagging behind are more likely to catch up. B. visual C. aware D. enough Russian to be table to read the instructions. B. picked up C. taken up D. no one comes in without identification. B. lest C. when D. B. advocates C. contributors D. of traditional methods in English . B. instinct D. reaction in taking this annoying attitude, we’ll have to ask you to leave. B. insist C. resist D.

to the Party’s call, a great number of doctors and nurses went to the frontline

to fight the flood. A. return response 32. You could not persuade him to accept it, A. no more than you could B. if only you could not
44

B. admission

C. order

D.

make him see the importance of it.

C. nor could you 33. The 20-year-old tennis play’s dream is to Games. A. support compete B. present

D. or you could not China at 2008 Beijing Olympic

C. represent

D.

34. Britain is proud of her great poets, just s Italy is proud of her painters, and Germany of her composers. A. / B. is C. proud ways to do it. C. passive D. D. as

35. It is no use just telling me to do it; suggest some A. active negative B. positive

36. One can’t see well through a through a telescope without correctly sight. A. balancing adjusting 37. B. adopting C. repairing

it to one’s

D.

children have been taken out of school and taught by their parents at home. B. A great deal of D. The number of can be done about the accidents from carelessness.

A. A number of C. An amount of 38. There is much A. which…arose C. which…arisen 39. Those of us who work in the coal mine should have A. our B. their

B. that…arising D. that…arise lungs checked regularly. C. his D. my

40. To their disappointment, there are no textbooks A. possible available B. preferable

for the students of Class Two. C. considerable D.

41. More and more people are beginning to earn English, booming of language training centers in China. A. which B. what air it meets.
45

can partly explain the

C. that

D. it

42. The higher a rocket flies,

A. the fewer much

B. the little

C. the less

D.

the

43. It is during his spare time A. when 44. The keep up with it. A. way routine B. step

Johnson has been studying a course in history. C. what D. that

B. which

of modern life in bi cities is so quick that some old people feel it hard to

C. pace

D.

45. Some teachers devote too much time to helping their shower students and brighter ones. A. neglect corrupt 46. —Have you seen Mary today? —No, I think she A. must be C. must have been 47. Notice a person’s reaction solution A. of…to to…to 48. All the books can be used to A. training being trained 49. She did not know whether to sell her books or A. to keep them for reference B. keeping them for reference C. if she should keep them for reference D. to be kept for reference 50. She wears very A. gold new valuable
46

the

B. isolate

C. frustrate

D.

away on her vacation. B. may have been D. might have been stress in these situations, and you will soon find a

this problem. B. of…of C. to…of D.

your reading comprehension. C. be trained D.

B. train

.

ring that her boyfriend gave her as a birthday gift. B. valuable gold new

C. valuable new gold 51. The headquarters of Mr. Zhang’s company was in Shanghai. A. formally B. firmly

D. valuable and gold located in Tianjin, but now it is

C. formerly

D. fairly

52. We don’t mind a bit you bring your friends in for a dinner, but it is rather too much when sixteen people came A. consequently C. excessively for dinner. B. expectedly D. unexpectedly harm

53. Our point is that nuclear science should be developed to benefit people them. A. more than better than 54. It is generally agreed that textile industry used to city. A. add stimulate 55. A. Given C. Giving more time, she would certainly have done it much better. B. To be given D. To give B. contribute C. lead D. B. other than C. rather than D.

greatly to the economy of our

56. The car was running so fast that it crashed into the truck and the driver was killed the spot. A. on B. at C. by D. to

57. Fortunately, the government has taken some measures to bring down the rate of inflation to a (an) A. unpredictable C. questionable level. B. manageable D. sustainable it.

58. When I saw the mess my paper was in, it was obvious that someone A. was reading C. had been reading 59. I am firmly B. would have read D. had read that this plan would do much good to our company.
47

A. recommended C. convinced

B. amazed D. satisfied .

60. He was hoping they would take his suggestion, but for some reason they A. turned it over C. turned it down Part III Cloze (共 20 题,每小题 1 分,共 20 分)
(非英语类学生必做)

B. turned it off D. turned it up

A schoolboy’s life is in preparation for the real battle of life. It is also differences and interests. One of the 63 62

61

of

important parts of a schoolboy’s life is to get 64 business in school is to

knowledge and good mind-training as he can. His 65 read the book he is 68 66

learn. He to him. 69 73

in the classes. He has to do the homework set

67

part that 70

a schoolboy’s life is the school discipline. At school there are 71 for him when he 72 the society to 74 . life. 76 in the

rules

. This strict discipline is very

a living. It teaches him some very necessary virtues on the road to a School is place for a schoolboy to learn what the social life is 75

classroom and the playground, he has to catch up with his fellows and not members of his family. He can not behave 77 he does in his home. He is no longer a spoiled child, and 78 to his wished. He soon gets his corners robbed off 79 .

his school fellows will not give

and learns the lesson of give-and-take, good manners, and thought for This is 61. A. sure 62. A. larger 63. A. as many 64. A. mostly partly 65. A. likes 66. A. learner examined 67. A. Other B. Another
48

80 the way when he has to carry himself in society. B. fond B. greater B. more B. main C. full C. least C. as much C. almost D. short D. most D. little D.

B. obliges B. studied

C. requires C. taught

D. has D.

C. Else

D. Rest

68. A. contains makes up 69. A. loose 70. A. kept 71. A. useful harmless 72. A. leaves organizes 73. A. produce 74. A. famous 75. A. like 76. A. Since that 77. A. until 78. A. in 79. A. himself parents 80. A. too (英语类学生必做)

B. forms

C. consists of

D.

B. hard B. being kept B. harmful

C. strict C. strict C. useless

D. kind D. kind D.

B. comes

C. enters

D.

B. make B. successful B. on B. As

C. get C. social C. up C. For

D. take D. ideal D. alike D. In

B. as B. up B. teachers

C. by C. off C. others

D. with D. out D.

B. as well

C. either

D. also

Have you ever seen a movie in which a building was burned down or a bridge was 61 you ? Have you seen a film in which a train crashed or a ship sank 63 how these things could happen without 65 64 62 the ocean? If so,

the people in the film.

The person

knows the answer is the “special-effect” person. He has one of the 66 . 68 water in which small

most important hobs in the film In a

67 for one movie there was a big glass bowl filled

fish were swimming. The director of the movie wanted the fish to stop swimming suddenly and 69 they seemed to stare at an actor. Then the director wanted the fish to stop 71 . was 70

and swim away. But fish can’t be ordered to do anything. It was quite a The special effects person thought an idea for controlling the fish with a 72 74

this problem for a long time. The 73

use of electricity. First, he applied electricity
49

75

the fish bowl, causing the fish to be absolutely still. Then he rapidly reduced the 77

76

of electricity, allowing the fish to swim away. director wanted. 78 79

he got the humorous effect that the

special effects require training, skill, and experience. It also adds a great deal 80 so many movies are

the expense of producing the film. It helps explain

expensive to make. 61. A. destroyed decreased 62. A. to to 63. A. can wonder C. wonder 64. A. breaking disturbing 65. A. which whichever 66. A. industry growth 67. A. view situation 68. A. over 69. A. since 70. A. to stare staring at 71. A. problem mistake 72. A. out 73. A. effect 74. A. harmless helpless
50

B. collapsed

C. jammed

D.

B. into

C. down

D. back

B. can have wondered D. may have wondered B. damaging C. harming D.

B. who

C. whoever

D.

B. job

C. performance

D.

B. sight

C. scene

D.

B. of B. for B. to stare at

C. in C. while C. staring

D. with D. till D.

B. question

C. fault

D.

B. of B. influence B. useless

C. about C. result C. careless

D. with D. end D.

75. A. at toward 76. A. amount strength 77. A. Nevertheless 78. A. The all Almost the 79. A. in 80. A. what when

B. to

C. in

D.

B. number

C. distance

D.

B. Because B. All the

C. Anyway C. Most the

D. Thus D.

B. with B. why

C. on C. which

D. to D.

第 II 卷 (共 50 分) Part IV Translation (共 35 分) Section A 81. Another character among the list of ill-mannered employees is Sally, who seems to regard just being at work as severe punishment. (Passage One) 82. …some people with nothing to sell are creating their own Web sites to announce wedding plans, show off pictures of their kids or just have communication. (Passage Two) 83. What many people don’t realize, however, is that scientists have discovered the effectiveness of several non-drug approaches to make you free from an unwanted mood. (Passage Three) 84. What you eat and the way it affects your body depend very much on the kinds of person you are. (Passage Four) 85. For one thing, the genes you inherit form your parents can determine how your body metabolism (新陈代谢) copes with particular foods. (Passage Four) Section B 86. 汤姆失业了,不是因为他年岁过大,而是因为他懒惰。 87. 玛丽连伙食费都不够,更不用说娱乐了。 88. 她一听见脚步声就不唱了。 89. 据说李先生多次到过澳大利亚。 90. 学好外语必须大量练习,正向成语所说“熟能生巧” 。
51

Part V Writing (共 15 分) Directions: In this part you are required to write an essay about the sports you like. You should write at least 120 words and base your composition on the outline given below. 1. What kinds of sports do you like? 2. Why do you like them? 3. When and how do you play sports?

52

2009 年江苏省普通高校“专转本”统一考试 大学英语
注意事项: 1、打第 I 卷前,考生务必按规定要求填涂答题卡上的姓名、准考证号等项目及卷首和第 7 页上的姓 名。 2、用 2B 铅笔把答题卡上相应题号中正确答案的字母涂黑。答案应涂写在答题卡上,否则成绩无效。

Parts I Reading Comprehension (共 20 小题,每小题 2 分,共 40 分)
Directions: There are 4 passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.

Passage One
Questions 1 to 5 are based on the following passage.

Young Koreans are beginning to do it alone when it comes to finding a partner, though matchmaking is still the most common way for boys to meet girls. Professional matchmakers can make thousands of American dollars by introducing suitable marriage partners to each other, but parents also play a role in the process during which young Koreans meet. In Confucius Korea, where marriage is regarded as more of a business contract than a scared thing, the scene of the first meeting is repeated hundreds of times a day in coffee shops in the main hotels around Seoul. The business of continuing the family lineage (血统) and keeping the bloodlines pure is often too important to be left to romance and chance encounters. Often, the girl will work out a system of secret signals with her mother, form which her parents can tell if she is interested. For example, if the girl orders a coffee it might mean that she wants her parents to leave her alone with the boy, while a milk shows that she wants them to stay.
53

Sometimes the matchmaking is not always so formal, which the introduction being made by friends. But whether through friends or families, there is hardly a Korean man or woman in the country who has not gone through this process—sometimes six or seven times. 1、The word “matchmaking” in this passage means A、a very formal ritual (仪式) attended by boys and girls B、introducing boys and girls to know each other for the purpose of marriage C、producing matches to make a fire or light a cigarette D、arranging games between mean and women 2、The fact that the first meeting is repeated again and again in coffee shops in this main hotels suggests that . .

A、Koreans like drinking coffee in coffee shops very much B、men and women want to meet as many times as possible C、they are busy with communicating with different people D、marriage is seen as a business contract instead of something sacred 3、Why does the matchmaking still exist in Korea? A 、 Because most people want to keep the bloodlines pure and chance encounters romantic. B、Because most people try to avoid romance and keep the bloodline pure. C、Because most people regard marriage as continuing family lineage and romance. D、Because most people try to break family lineage and bloodlines. 4、Which of the following is true according to the passage? A、Almost every man or woman in Korea has to go through the matchmaking. B、From the signal the boy’s parents know whether their son is interested in the girl or not. C、At present young Koreans no longer need matchmaking to help them find parents. D、Only a girl and a boy will appear in the first arranged meeting. 5、The passage is mainly about A、the practice of matchmaking in Korea B、the importance of a business contract C、the work of professional matchmakers
54

.

D、the first meeting between men and women Passage Two/Three (暂缺) 12、The main reason that people like their acquaintances in books is A、they are like human friends exactly B、they never bore us in comparison with our human friends C、they never hurt our feelings D、they give human beings friendship, sympathy and encouragement 13、We forget our surroundings and even our identity because A、the reading environment is very good B、the book is extremely interesting and attractive C、we are alone and no one interrupts us D、we are asked to return the book the second day 14、Which of the following is NOT true? A、All of us can lead varied lives through the pages of books. B、We can travel by book free of charge to our heart’s content. C、We should rely on reading to escape from the seemingly dull realities of everyday life. D、Valuable experiences can be obtained from reading good books. 15、”The whole world is ours for the asking” implies that A、the world is more accessible in books than in reality B、the world is easy to travel around as long as we walk C、the world belongs to us whenever we ask D、round-the-world trips can be made by everyone Passage Four
Questions 16 to 20 are based on the following passage.

.

.

.

Drunken driving—sometimes called America’s socially accepted form of murder—has become a national epidemic. Every hour of every day about three Americans on average are killed by drunken drivers, adding up to an incredible 250,000 over the past decade. Heavy drinking used to be an acceptable part of the American macho (男子汉) image and judges were lenient in most courts, but the drunken slaughter has recently caused so many well-publicized tragedies, especially involving young children, that public opinion is
55

no longer so tolerant. Twenty states have raised the legal drinking age to 21, reversing a trend in the 1960s to reduce it to 18. After New Jersey lowered it to 18, the number of people killed by 18-20-year-old drivers more than doubled, so the state recently upped it back to 21. Reformers, however, fear raising the drinking age will have little effect unless accompanied by educational programs to help young people to develop “responsible attitudes” about drinking and teach then to resist peer pressure to drink. Though new laws have led to increased arrests and tests and, in many areas already, to a marked decline in fatalities. Some states are also penalizing bars for serving customers too many drinks. A tavern (酒栈) in Massachusetts was fined for serving six or more brandies to a customer who was “obviously intoxicated” and later drove off the road, killing a nine-year-old boy. As the fatalities continue to occur daily in every state, some Americans are even beginning to speak well of the 13 years of national prohibition of alcohol that began in 1919, which President Hoover called the “noble experiment”. They forget that legal prohibition didn’t stop drinking, but encouraged political corruption and organized crime. As with the booming drug trade, there is no easy solution. 16、Drunken driving has become a serious problem in America because A. most drunken drivers drive their cars at top speed B. most drivers regard heavy drinking as part of the American macho image C. fatalities caused by drunken driving have been greatly increased D. about 25,000 people on average are killed every year by drunken drivers 17. Why have the public changed their opinion about drunken driving? A. Because detailed statistics on drunken slaughter are now available. B. Because they are no longer tolerant of the drunken slaughter. C. Because judges usually give more severe sentences to drunken drivers. D. Because drunken drivers are more conscious of their image. 18. The statistics issued in New Jersey suggested that A. many drunken drivers were not of legal age B. many young people were in no way qualified drivers
56

.

.

C. raising the legal drinking age would have little effect on the reduction of tragedies D. raising the legal drinking age would reduce the fatalities caused by drunken drivers 19. Laws recently introduced in some states have A. reduced the number of convictions B. resulted in fewer fatalities of traffic accidents C. prevented bars from serving drunken drivers D. specified the amount drivers can drink 20. What’s the author ’s attitude towards the solution to drunken driving in the United Stats? A. Ironical. Realistic. B. Casual. C. Optimistic. D. .

Part II Vocabulary and Structure (共 40 小题,每小题 1 分,共 40 分)
Directions: In this part there are forty incomplete sentences. Each sentence is followed by four choices. Choose the one that best completes the sentence and then mark your answer on the Answer Sheet.

21. Keep two extra pencils A. at ease turn B. at length

while taking the examination. C. at hand D. in

22. The competition form experienced staff members, some of whom are higher in rank, to my disadvantages. A. works worked 23. I don’t know what addressed to him. A. made ? Supposedly C. stimulated ? Possibly 24. Never before of study. A. so much free information
57

B. working

C. work

D.

Alfred to read your letter.

He thought it was

B. induced ? Presumably D. introduced ? Probably available for quick and easy access in so many different fields

B. were so much free information

C. has so much free information been been 25. It’s true that not having a car imposes some complicates life in many ways. A. constructions C. instructions 26. Word got around committee. A. what which 27. If you invest so heavily in the stock market, you’re A. turning in heading for 28. A further B. heading off B. that

D. so much free information has

, but owning one also

B. introductions D. restrictions he had resigned his position as executive secretary of the

C. whatever

D.

risks. C. turning on D.

into the cause of the disaster reveled that the director was partly to

blame because he had not insisted on adequate precautions. A. entry conquest 29. It is only in the most difficult circumstances A. when what 30. Adults tend to interpret the action of children A. in terms of C. in words of 31. In fact, the Iraq war was fairly A. conversational C. contrary 32. “You missed a golden opportunity.” “Yes, I that job when it was offered.” B. should have taken D. ought to take
58

B. request

C. inquiry

D.

a man’s abilities are fully tested. C. where D. so

B. that

their own experiences. B. in the habit of D. in the account of

across the West. B. contradictory D. controversial

A. must have taken C. might take

33. The use of military force faces strong opposition among key US allies where opinion polls show ______ majorities of the populations support a peaceful solution. A. substantial overwhelming 34. There is every sign that most of the Asian Americans have been culture. A. assimilated into C. associated with B. involved into D. connected with here for three years. the nation’s B. enormous C. considerable D.

35. Professor Wu told us that by the end of the year he A. will have worked C. would have been working

B. will have been working D. has been working

36. We cannot choose whether we will pay income tax or not, because payment of income tax is _____ . A. compulsive C. comprehensive 37. You’re the manager ’s relative, but that doesn’t restaurant. A. qualify allow 38. Believe it or not, Matt earns company. A. much as twice as C. twice as much as 39. Please keep the numbered cards in A. series procedure 40. The whole world is now clearly aware of the effected the earth. A. extent B. range C. grade of books?
59

B. impulsive D. compulsory your to a free meal in out

B. entitle

C. adapt

D.

his brother, who has a better position in a big

B. as twice much as D. as much twice as , don’t mix them up. C. sequence D.

B. succession

to which global warming has

D. limit

41. What would happen if students were

A. refused deprived

B. declined

C. denied

D.

42. There are two major problems linked with atomic power plants, concerns nuclear waste. A. of which the plants 43. It seems that there is no resolution to this racial A. convention conservation 44. There’s no doubt that your achievement A. contributed to resulted in 45. Look at the terrible situation I am in now! I only I A. follow followed 46. The policeman on duty became standing there. A. doubtful hesitated 47. Americans are trained to think of themselves as separate individuals, Chinese consider themselves as members of a group. A. whereas 48. It’s no good A. complained complain 49. As we are unlikely to find another hotel before dark, the here for the night. A. senseless sensible B. sensitive C. sensational B. as C. since B. suspicious C. suspected B. had followed your advice. C. would follow B. is attributed to your hard work. C. is led to B. compromise C. conflict . B. of the two C. of them

the first

D.

of

D.

D.

D. have

of the youth and asked him why he was

D.

most

D. like

. You just have to put up with all these. B. complaining C. to be complaining D. to

action is to stay

D.

50. He hopes that when he comes back in five years’ time all the old buildings
60

down. A. will have been pulled C. will have pulled 51. It has never A. occurred seemed 52. Quite a number of NBA Players have the experience of another. A. transforming transmitting 53. The atmosphere is as much a part of the earth as its lakes, rivers and oceans. A. is 54. Trying to A. deserve reserve 55. , the next problem was how to make a good plan. B. The decision having been made C. The decision has been made the hospital by illness. C. with D. at that the B. has C. are D. have its soils and the water of B. transferring C. transplanting D. form one team to B. will be pulling D. will be pulled to her that it was her son who committed such a silly mistake. B. happened C. arisen D.

wild life is a job that concerns all of us. B. detect C. protect D.

A. Having made the decision C. Has the decision been made 56. Steven Hawking is now confined A. in B. to

57. The rapid development China has achieved in the last decade future is likely to be very exciting. A. make it clear C. it makes clear 58. Football players are A. most B. it has made clear D. has made it clear males, though there are some females. B. mostly C. much

D. all without

59. Tome has been most helpful to us; in fact I don’t know what we him. A. have done B. will have done
61

C. had done

D.

would have done 60. I don’t have any plan for the weekend — I was thinking of spending some

time with my family or perhaps getting together with some friends. A. confident considerate B. conservative C. concrete D.

Part III Cloze (共 20 小题,每小题 1 分,共 20 分)
Directions: There are 20 blanks in the following passage. For each blank where are four choices marked A, B, C and D at the end of the passage. Choose the answer that best fits into the context, and then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.

There was a time when parents who wanted an educational present for their children would buy a typewriter, a globe or an encyclopedia set. Now those hopelessly old fashioned, this Christmas, there were a lot of tree. 63 62 61 seem

computers under the 64

that computer are the key to success, parents insist that children

taught to use them to school as early as possible. The problem for schools is that when it 65 computers, parents do not always

know best and are eagerly urging the schools to offer computer courses as soon as possible. Many schools are hastily 67 66 parental impatience and are purchasing hardware

good educational planning, saying “OK, we’ve moved into the computer 68 69 themselves caught in the middle of the problem between parental educational decisions. 70 how computers should be used. A lot of money 71 can be taught 73 72 with

age.” Teachers pressure and

Educators do not even agree

is going for computerized educational materials

pencil and paper. Even those who believe that all children should warn that there are potential 74

to computer

to the very young. The temptation of the computer is 75 themselves to it are never how much

so strong that young children who quickly time they have 76 on it.

There are some other problems. computing, and there is a division ask 79 78

77

every school can afford to go into

the haves and the have-nots. Very few parents 80 there may be barely

computer instruction in poor school districts,
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enough money to pay the reading teacher. 61. A. items series 62. A. private personal 63. A. Giving Believed 64. A. was 65. A. talks about mentions to 66. A. ignoring C. yielding to 67. A. without 68. A. rely on 69. A. wise enough 70. A. on about 71. A. however which 72. A. equally as well 73. A. be open 74. A. approaches means 75. A. adopt devote 76. A. cost 77. A. Nor 78. A. among B. spent B. Not B. amid
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B. toys

C. sets

D.

B. children

C. school

D.

B. Providing

C. Convinced

D.

B. be B. comes to

C. are being C. turns to

D. were D.

B. blaming D. turning a deaf ear to B. with B. relax B. clever C. through C. free C. slow D. for D. find D.

B. with

C. to

D.

B. where

C. what

D.

B. in the same way

C. just as well

D.

not

B. have access B. exposures

C. look C. problems

D. turn D.

B. keep

C. adapt

D.

C. taken C. No C. amidst

D. paid D. Any D.

between 79. A. for use 80. A. due to that where B. in any case C. although D. B. against C. to buy D. to

第 II 卷
注意事项: 1、答第 II 卷前,考生务必将密封线内的各项目及第 13 页右下角的座位号填写清楚。 2、第 II 卷共两大题,考生须用钢笔或圆珠笔将答案直接答在试卷上。 3、考试结束,考生将第 II 卷、第 I 卷和答题卡一并交回。

Part IV Translation (共 35 分) Section A (共 5 小题,每小题 4 分,共 20 分)
Directions: Translate the following sentences into Chinese. You may refer to the corresponding passages in Part I.

81. The business of continuing the family lineage (血统) and keeping the bloodlines pure is often too important to be left to romance and chance encounters. (Passage One) 82. Researchers have found that school performance is little related to job competence. Qualities like “steady and dependable” and “practical and organized” are more important. (Passage Two) 83. The people we meet in books may delight us either because they resemble human friends whom we hold dear or because they represent unfamiliar types whom we are glad to welcome as new acquaintances. (Passage Three) 84. Increasingly over the past ten years, people—especially young people—have become aware of the need of change their eating habits, because much of the food they eat, particularly processed foods, are not good for health. (Passage Four) 85. It is interesting to note that in countries where the national diet contains large quantities of unrefined flour and vegetables, certain diseases are comparatively rate. (Passage Four)
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Section B (共 5 小题,每小题 3 分,共 15 分)
Directions: Translate the following sentences into English.

86、互联网的出现改变了人们的生活、工作与思维方式。 87、对一个想找工作地学生来说,有没有硕士学位的确有很大影响。 88、我们往往认识不到的是,看似无用的东西也许从长远角度来看大有裨益。 89、至关重要的是,发达国家和发展中国家应通过更多的交流增进相互间的理解和尊重。 90、要在学习上取得进步,学社需要具备独立学习的技能,而不是事事都依靠老师。 Part V Writing (共 20 分)

2010 年江苏省普通高校“专转本”统一考试 大学英语
本试卷分第 I 卷(客观题)和第 II 卷(主观题)两部分。满分 150 分。考试 时间 120 分钟。 卷中未注明作答对象的试题为英语类和非英语类学生共同作答的试题, 注明 作答对象的试题按规定作答。

第Ⅰ卷
Part ⅠReading Comprehension (共 40 分) Directions: There are 4 passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are 4 choices marked A, B, C and D. You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center. Passage One Questions 1 to 5 are based on the following passage. Sometimes you’ll hear people say that you can’t love others until you love yourself. Sometimes you’ll hear people say that you can’t expect someone else to love you until you love yourself. Either way, you’ve got to love yourself first and this can be tricky. Sure we all know that we’re the people of our parents’ eyes, and that our Grandmas think we are great talents and our uncle Roberts think that we will go to the Olympics, but sometimes it’s a lot harder to think such nice thoughts about ourselves. If you find that believing in yourself is a challenge, it is time you built a positive self-image and
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learn to love yourself. Self-image is your own mind’s picture of yourself. This image includes the way you look, the way you act, the way you talk and the way you think. Interestingly, our self-images are often quite different from the images others hold about us. Unfortunately, most of these images are more negative than they should be, thus changing the way you think about yourself is the key to changing your self-image and your whole world. The best way to defeat a passive self-image is to step back and decide to stress your successes. That is, make a list if you need to, but write down all of the great things you do everyday. Don’t allow doubts to occur in it. It very well might be that you are experiencing a negative self-image because you can’t move past one flaw or weakness that you see about yourself. Well, roll up your sleeves and make a change of it as your primary task. If you think you are silly because you aren’t good at math. Find a tutor. If you think you are weak because you can’t run a mile, get to the track and practice. If you think you are dull because you don’t wear the latest trends, buy a few new clothes. The best way to get rid of a negative self-image is to realize that your image is far from objective and to actively convince yourself of your positive qualities. Changing the way you think and working on those you need to improve will go a long way towards promoting a positive self-image. When you can pat your self on the back, you’ll know you’re well on your way. 1. You need to build a positive self-image when you _______. A.dare to challenge yourself B. feel it hard to change yourself C. are unconfident about yourself D. have a high opinion of yourself 2. According to the passage, our self-images________. A. have positive effects B. are probably untrue C. are often changeable D. have different functions 3. How should you change your self-image according to the passage? A. Keep a different image of others. B. Make your life successful C. Understand your own world D. Change the way you think 4. What is the passage mainly about? A. How to prepare for your success B. How to face challenges in your life C. How to build a positive self-image D. How to develop your good qualities 5. Who are the intended readers of the passage? A. parents B. Adolescents C. educators D. people in general Passage 2 Questions 6 to 10 are based on the following passage. Do you want to live with a strong sense of peacefulness, happiness, goodness, and self-respect? The collection of happiness actions broadly categorized as “honor” helps you create this life of good feelings. Here’s an example to show how honorable actions create happiness. Say a store clerk fails to charge us for an item. If we keep silent and profit from the clerk’s mistake, we would drive home with a sense of sneaky excitement. Later we might tell our family or friends about our good fortune. On the other hand, if we tell
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the clerk about the uncharged item, the clerk would be grateful and thank us for our honesty. We would leave the store with a quite sense of honor that we might never share with another soul. Then, what is it to do with our sense of happiness? In the first case, where we don’t tell the clerk, a couple of things would happen. Deep down inside we would know ourselves as a type of thief. In the process, we would lose some peace of mind and self-respect. We would also demonstrate that we cannot be trusted, since we advertise our dishonor by telling our family and friends. We damage our own reputations by telling others. In contrast, bringing the error to the clerk’s attention causes different things to happen. Immediately, the clerk knows us to be honorable. Upon leaving the store, we feel honorable and our internal rewards of goodness and a sense of nobility. There is a beautiful positive cycle that is created by living a life of honorable actions. Honorable thoughts lead to honorable actions. Honorable actions lead us to a happier experience. And it is easy to think and act honorably again when we are happy. While the positive cycle can be difficult to start, once it’s started, it’s easy to continue. Keeping on doing good deeds brings us peace of mind which is important for our happiness. 6. According to the passage, the positive action in the example contributes to our ___________. A. self-respect B. financial rewards C. advertising ability D. friendly relationship 7. The author thinks that keeping silent about the uncharged item is equal to _____. A. lying B. stealing C. cheating D. advertising 8. The phrase “bringing the error to the clerk’s attention” means_______. A. telling the truth to the clerk B. offering advice to the clerk C. asking the clerk to be more attentive D. reminding the clerk of the charged item 9. How will we feel if we let the clerk know the mistake? A. We’ll be very excited B. We’ll feel unfortunate C. We’ll have a sense of humor D. We’ll feel sorry for the clerk 10. Which of the following can be the best title of this passage? A. How to live truthfully B. Importance of peacefulness C. Ways of gaining self-respect D. Happiness through honorable Passage 3 Questions 11 to 15 are based on the following passage. Sesame Street has been called “the longest street in the world”. That is because the television program by that name can now be seen in so many parts of the world. That program became one of America’s exports soon after it went on the air in New York in 1969. In the United States more than 6 million children watch the program regularly. The viewers include more than half of the nation’s pre-school children. Although some educators object to certain elements in the program, parents praise it highly.
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Many teachers also consider it a great help, though some teachers find that problems arise when first graders who have learned from “Sesame Street” are in the same class with children who have not watched the program. The program uses songs, stories, jokes and pictures to give children a basic understanding of numbers, letters and human relationships. Tests have shown that children have benefited from watching “Sesame Street”. Those who watch five times a week learn more than the occasional viewers. In the United States the program is shown at different times during the week in order to increase the number of children who can watch it regularly. Why has “Sesame Street” been so much more successful than other children’s shows? Many reasons have been suggested. People mention the educational theories of its creators, the support by the government and private businesses, and the skillful use of a variety of TV tricks. Perhaps an equally important reason is that mothers watch “Sesame Street” along with their children. This is partly because famous adult stars often appear on “Sesame Street”. But the best reason for the success of the program may be that it makes every child watching it feel able to learn. The child finds himself learning, and he wants to learn more. 11. Why has Sesame Street been called “the longest street in the world”? A. the program has been shown ever since 1969. B. the program became one of America’s major exports soon after it appeared on TV C. the program is now being watched in most parts of the world. D. the program is made in the longest street in New York. 12. Some educators are critical of the program because________. A. they don’t think it fit for children in every respect B. it takes the children too much time to watch it C. it causes problems between children who watched it and those who have not D. some parents attach too much importance to it 13. So many children in the United States watch the program because______. A. it uses songs, stories and jokes to give them basic knowledge B. it is arranged for most children to watch it regularly C. tests have shown that it is beneficial to them D. both A and B 14. Mothers often watch the program along with their children because______ A. they enjoy the program as much as their children B. they find their children have benefited from watching the program C. they are attracted by some famous adult stars on the show D. they can learn some educational theories from the program 15. What is the most important reason for the success of the program according to the author? A. the creators have good educational theories in making the program B. the young viewers find they can learn something from it. C. famous adult stars often appear in the program D. It gets support from the government and private business Passage 4
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Questions 16 to 20 are based on the following passage. You will have no difficulty in making contact with the agent. As you enter his office, you will be greeted immediately and politely asked what you are looking for. The Estate Agent’s negotiator-as he is called-will probably check that you really know your financial position. No harm in that, but you can always tell him that you have confirmed the position with the XYZ Building Society. He will accept that. He will show you the details of a whole range of properties; many of them are not really what you are looking for at all. That does not matter. Far better turn then down than risk missing the right one. The printed details he will give you are called “particulars”. Over the years, a whole language has grown up, solely for use in Agent’s particulars. It is flowery, ornate and, providing you read it carefully and discount the adjectives, it can be very accurate and helpful. Since the passing of the Trades Description Act, any trader trying to sell something has had to be very careful as to what they say about it. Estate Agents have, by now, become very competent at going as far as they dare. For instance, it is quite acceptable to say “delightfully” situated. That is an expression of his opinion. You many not agree, but he might like the idea of living next to the gasworks. If, on the other hand, he says that the house has five bedrooms when, in fact, it has only two, that is a misstatement of fact and is an offence. This has made Estate Agents and others for that matter rather more careful. Basically, all that you need to know about a house is : how many bedrooms it has; an indication of their size; whether the house has a garage; whether there is a garden and whether it is at the back or the front of the house; whether its semi-detached of terraced. 16. The Estate Agent’s negotiator will ________. A. want all details of your financial circumstances B. want to satisfy himself that you understand the financial implications of buying a house. C. check your financial position with the XYZ Building Society D. accept any statement you make about your financial position 17. The author believes ________. A. it is better to be given information about too many properties than too few B. you should only look at details of properties of the kind you have decided to buy. C. the agent will only show you the details of properties you have in mind. D. it doesn’t matter if you miss a few properties you may be interested in. 18. The adjectives in Agent’s particulars are ______. A. accurate B. helpful C. both accurate D. safe to ignore 19. The Trades Description Act applies to ___________. A. house agents only B. most estate agents C. any trader D. buyer of houses 20. The phrase “going as far as they dare” probably means______. A. covering as wide an area as possible B. selling houses as far from the estate agent’s houses
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C. telling lies about properties if nobody is likely to find out about it. D. trying every possible means to make the description of houses sound attractive Part Ⅱ Vocabulary and Structure Directions: In this part there are forty incomplete sentences. Each sentence is followed by four choices. Choose the one that best completes the sentence and then mark your answer on the Answer Sheet. 21. Scientists will have to _____ new methods of increasing the world’s food supply in order to solve the problem of famine in some places. A. come up for B. come down with C. com down to D. come up with 22.I’d like to rent a house, modern, comfortable and ______in a quiet and safe neighborhood. A. all in all B. above all C. after all D. over all 23. In order to expose corruption, they have decided to set up a special team to ____the company’s accounts. A. search for B. work out C. look into D. sum up 24. Some people would like to do shopping on Sundays since they expect to pick up a lot of wonderful _____ in the markets. A. batteries B. baskets C. barrels D. bargains 25. The residents living in these apartments have free ____ to the swimming pool, the gym and other facilities. A. excess B. excursion C. access D. recreation 26.Reporters and photographers alike took great _____at the rude way the actors behaved during the interview. A. annoyance B. offence C. resentment D. irritation 27. Nothing healthful should be omitted from the meal of a child because of a ___ dislike. A. proved B. supposed C. considered D. related 28. I’d like to ____ this old car for a new model but I am afraid I cannot afford it. A. exchange B. converted C. replace D. substitute 29. She said she liked dancing but was not in the ______for it just then when it was so noisy in the hall. A. manner B. intention C. mood D. desire 30. He was _____ admittance to the concert hall for not being properly dressed. A. rejected B. denied C. withheld D. deprived 31. Most people tend to ______ a pounding heart and sweating palms with the experience of emotion. A. classify B. identify C. satisfy D. modify 32. The company _____ many fine promises to the engineer in order to get him to work for them. A. held up B. held on C. held out D. held onto 33. _____the tragic news about their president, they have cancelled the 4th of July celebration. A. In the course of B. In spite of C. In the event of D. In the light of 34. The worker ’ demands are _______, they are asking for only a small increase in
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their wages. A. particular B. moderate C. intermediate D. numerous 35. Our explanation seemed only to have _____ his confusion. He was totally at a loss as to what to say. A. brought up B. added to C. worked out D. directed at 36. With a standard bulb, only 5% of the electricity is ______ to light-the rest is wasted away as heat. A. compressed B. conformed C. converted D. confined 37. Modern technology has placed ______ every kind of music, from virtually every period in history and every corner of the globe. A. at our request B. at our disposal C. in our presence D. in our sight 38. Much has been written on the virtues of natural childbirth, but little research has been done to ___ these virtues. A. confirm B. consult C. confess D. convey 39. Plastic bags are useful for holding many kinds of food______their cleaness, toughness and low cost. A. by virtue of B. at sight of C. by means of D. by way of 40. I am trying to think of his mind, but my mind goes completely _____i must be slipping. A. bare B. blank C. hollow D. vacant 41. _____ in the regulations that you should not tell other people the password of your email account. A. what is required B. what requires C. It is required D. It requires 42. It is generally believed that gardening is ______it is a science. A. an art much as B. much an art as C. as an art much as D. as much an art as 43. The indoor swimming pool seems to be great more luxurious than ______. A. is necessary B. being necessary C. to be necessary D. it is necessary 44. He ______ English for 8 years by the time he graduates from the university next year. A. will learn B. will be learning C. will have learnt D. will have been learnt. 45. It was not until the sub prime loan crisis ______ great damage to the American financial system that Americans ______the severity of the situation. A. caused; realized B. had caused; realized C. caused; had realized D. was causing; had realized 46. The police think you brother John stole the diamond in the museum yesterday evening. Oh? But he stayed with me at home the whole evening; he ___ the museum. A. must have been to B. needn’t have been to C. should have been to D. couldn’t have been to 47. _______ the meeting himself gave his supporters a great deal of encouragement. A. The president will attend B. The president to attend C. The president attended D. The president’s attending
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48. Everything _____into consideration, the candidates ought to have another chance. A. is taken B. taken C. to be taken D. taking 49. _______from heart trouble for years, Professor White has to take some medicine with him wherever he goes. A. Suffered B. Suffering C. Having suffered D. Being suffered 50. The concert will be broadcasted live to a worldwide television audience_____ thousand million A. estimating B. estimated C. estimates D. having estimated 51. About half of the students expected there ______more reviewing classes before the final exams. A. is B. being C. to be D. have been 52. _____ made the school proud was____more than 90% of the students had been admitted to key universities. A. What; because B. What; that C. That; what D. That; because 53. Information has been released ______ more middle school graduates will be admitted into universities this year. A. while B. that C. when D. as 54. He is the only one of the students who ______ a winner of scholarship for three years. A. is B. are C. have been D. has been 55. What’s that newly-built building? ______ the students have out-of-class activities, such as drawing and singing. A. It is the building that B. That’s where C. It is in which D. The building that 56.With a large amount of work_____ the chief manager couldn’t spare time for a holiday. A. remained to be done B. remaining to do C. remained to do D. remaining to be done 57. Why! I have nothing to confess, ______you want me to say? A. What is it that B. what it is that C. How is it that D. How is it that 58. David has made great progress recently. __________, and __________________. A. So he has, so you have B. So he has; so have you C. So has he; so you have D. So has he; so you have 59. It is universally known that microscopes make small things appear larger than _____. A. really are B. are really C. are they really D. they really are 60. Tom, _______, but your TV is going too loud. Oh, I’m sorry. I will turn it down right now. A. I’d like to talk with you B. I’m really tired of this C. I hate to say this D. I need your help

Part Ⅲ Cloze
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Directions: There are 20 blanks in the following passages. For each bank there are 4 choices marked A, B, C and D. You chose the ONE that best fits into the passage, the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center. The eyes are the most important 61 of human body that is used to 62 information. Eye contact is crucial for establishing rapport 63 others. The way we look at other people can 64 them know we are paying attention to 65 they are saying. We can also look at a person and gave the 66 we are not hearing a word. Probably all of us have been 67 of looking directly at someone and 68 hearing a word while he or she was talking 69 we were thinking about something totally 70 to what was being said. Eye contact allows you to 71 up visual clues about the other person; 72, the other person can pick up clues about you. Studies of the use of eye contact 73 communication indicate that we seek eye contact with others 74 we want to communicate with them. When we like them, when we are 75 toward them (as when two angry people 76 at each other). And when we want feedback from them. 77, we avoid eye contact when we want to 78 communication, when we dislike them, when we are 79 to deceiving them, and when we are 80 in what they have to say. 61 A. unit B. part C. link D. section 62 A. transfer B. translate C. transmit D. transport 63 A. against B. with C. for D. to 64 A. forbid B. allow C. permit D. let 65 A. how B. which C. what D. that 66 A. impression B. expression C. suggestion D. attention 67 A. ignorant B. careless C. guilty D. innocent 68 A. nor B. so C. not D. neither 69 A. or B. unless C. why D. because 70 A. related B. relevant C. unrelated D. indifferent 71 A. tear B. pick C. size D. take 72 A. likewise B. moreover C. otherwise D. therefore 73 A. in B. about C. with D. of 74 A. why B. where C. when D. what 75 A. friendly B. hostile C. respectful D. mistrustful 76 A. glance B. glare C. gaze D. stare 77 A. Exactly B. Generally C. Conversely D. Interestingly 78 A. hold B. establish C. avoid D. direct 79 A. wanting B. tending C. forcing D. trying 80 A. informed B. unconcerned C. uninterested D. unheard

第Ⅱ卷(共 50 分)
Part Ⅳ Translation Section A Directions: Translate the following sentences into Chinese you may refer to the corresponding passages in Part ONE. 81. The best way to get rid of a negative self-image is to realize that your image is far
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from objective and to actively convince yourself of your positive qualities.

82. There is a beautiful positive cycle that is created by living a life of honorable actions Honorable thoughts lead to honorable actions. Honorable actions lead us to a happier existence.

83. While the positive cycle can be difficult to start, once it’s started, it’s easy to continue. Keeping on doing good deeds brings us peace of mind, which is important for your happiness.

84. That is because television program by that name can not be seen in so many parts of the world. That program became one of American’s export soon after it went on the air in New York in 1969.

85. For instance, it is quite acceptable to say “delightfully” situated. That is an expression of his opinion. You may not agree, but he might like the idea of living next to the gasworks.

Section B Directions: translate the following sentences into English. 86. 一个公司应该跟上市场的发展变化,这很重要。

87. 相比之下,西方的家长更有可能把孩子的成功归功于天赋。

88. 一般来说,你准备越充分,考试前就越不会紧张。

89. 要不是因为你的及时帮助,我真不知道该如何完成这项任务。

90. 在任何情况下,我们都不应该放弃对生活的希望。

Part Ⅴ Writing (共 15 分) Directions: for this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a speech in the name of Liming, the chairman of the Student Union in order to introduce the study strategies at college to all the freshmen in your university. You should write at least 120 words
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following the outline given below in Chinese. 1.问候大众、介绍自己、说明演讲的话题; (请勿使用真名,否则答题无效) 2. 介绍大学学习策略(如学习习惯、时间安排、自主与合作学习等) 3. 表达祝愿。 Study Strategies at College

2006 年江苏省普通高校“专转本”统一考试 大学英语参考答案 01-05 BCADB (非英语类学生必做): (英语类学生必做): 21-25 DCDAA DABCB 41-45 ADBDB DBCBB (非英语类学生必做) 61-65 BCBDD BACDB (英语类学生必做) 61-65 ACDCB ABCAA 81、菜园种植者一直认为,许多自家种的蔬菜要比市场上买来的好。 82、菜园不应种的太大,使人无法照料。 83、有许多女秘书能像男人一样做好这项工作。 (非英语类学生必做) 84、在三月的某个时候或四月初第一批生物刚刚形成,但是在此之前海洋中一直没有生命。 85、求职者得学会如何把因特网作为工具使用,而不是仅仅靠它来提交电子简历。 (英语类学生必做) 84、儿童早期的营养缺乏能花费发展中国家每年收入的百分之三。许多存在这样问题的国 家经济正在以每年百分之二到三的比率增长。
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06-10 CBACA 16-20 ADDBB 16-20 ACCDA 26-30 BBACB

11-15 ADBCC

31-35 ADCCD

36-40

46-50 CDBAC

51-55 BDACB

56-60

66-70 BDCBA

71-75 CBBCA

76-80

66-70 BDADB

71-75 CABDC

76-80

85、世界银行报告也指出南亚的营养不良比率几乎是中非和南非的两倍。

86. It is said that the painting is a masterpiece by Picasso. 87. I remember seeing him on TV before, but I am not sure. 88. Our refrigerator is out order and we must have it repaired. 89. Faced with a complicated situation, he tried to hold back his emotions. 90. I’m looking forward to seeing him again, for it’s ten years to the day since we last met.

书面表达 (共 15 分) College life is very interesting, exciting and sometimes demanding. Everyday morning, we get up early and go to the playground to do exercises. After that, most of us like to have breakfast in the cafeteria and then go to the classrooms to read our books. At 8:00 a.m. when the bell rings for the first class, we have already sat in the classrooms. Usually, we do not have as many lessons as we had in the senior high school. In the afternoon, we do not have any classes, but we have to spend much more time in the lab in doing various experiments. In the evening, some of us go to reading rooms; some of us go to the labs to continue to do their experiments. We are often kept busy until 11:00 p.m. everybody. College life is also very interesting. In the weekends, we often have parties. We may dance and sing to relax ourselves. We also have some clubs, where we can share our interests with our friends or develop our hobbies. Sometimes, we organize the whole class to go climbing mountains or to have barbecues and sometimes we go to visit some poor areas and help the students there. College life is quite different form that of the senior high school. It is more interesting and challengeable. 2007 年江苏省普通高等学校“专转本”统一考试 大学英语参考答案 1-5 CBDCC 6-10 BABBA 16-20 DBABD 21-25 BDCDB 26-30 ACBAD 31-35 CDABD 11-15 ACABD

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36-40 BABCC 41-45 DDBAB 46-50 DBCDC 56-60 BCDAB 61-65 CABBD 66-70 ADCAC 76-80 BBADC A. 英译汉 81. 他们用的是无线电波而不是声波,因为电波能穿透云雾。 82. 因为战争频繁,其中许多的发明仅仅是对他们所熟悉的希腊武器的设计做些改进。 83. 过去,许多人担心,因特网把我们同他人隔绝开来,使我们把太多的时间花在了电脑的 虚拟世界里。 (非英语类学生必做) 84. 暑期和父亲在一起总是非常快乐。游泳、远足、划船、垂钓——这些日子还不够从事所 有的这些活动。 85. 似乎总没有足够时间去做礼拜,这使我们一些朋友和亲戚感到不安。 (英语类学生必做) 84. 课程主要有古典语言,这种学校的主要目的就是为男孩上大学做准备,其中大多数人将 被培养适应从事神职工作。 85. 正如学院的课程是基于拉丁语法学校课程一样, 公立学校的课程是在学校课程的基础上 发展起来的。 B. 汉译英(5×3’=15 分) 86. To his surprise, she criticized him instead of praising him. 87. Dr. Chen went on operating on wounded soldiers throught the night. 88. We propose that some changes (should) be made in plan. 89. He is too careful not to have noticed it. 90. It’s hard to tell which of the two is older. They look about the same age. Part V 书面表达(共 15 分) 参考例文 Life is short. Generally speaking, humans can only live to 100 years at most. It is a very short time. An old saying goes “Art is long, but life is short”. We have only limited time to acquire unlimited knowledge.
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51-55

DBCAA

71-75

BDACD

School life is still shorter. Usually we go to primary school at 6 and graduate from university at 22. This is the most precious period of our life-time, which belongs to everyone only once. If we idle away this period of time, we’ll have no better days for study. We students are the future builders of our country. We (files come from www.dinyuan.cn) must make the most of our school days to form a positive worldview, develop our communicative skills, improve our health and get rich knowledge, so that we shall be of service to the society. 2008 年江苏省普通高校“专转本”统一考试 大学英语参考答案 01-05 BCCBD 06-10 CDABC 11-15 ABBAB 16-20 CCDDB(英语专业) 31-35 DCCAB 36-40

16-20 BCBDB(非英语专业) 21-25 ABCBA DABAD 41-45 ACDCA ADDCC 非英语专业 61-65 CDCBD CBACD 英语专业 61-65 ABDCB ADBDB 66-70 ACDCC 66-70 CBBCD 46-50 CDBAC 26-30 BABCC

51-55 CDCBA

56-60

71-75 ACBBA

76-80

71-75 ACCAB

76-80

81、另一个也被列在这份举止不当的员工名单里的是萨莉,她总是认为工作是对她的一种 严厉的惩罚。 82、一些人建立自己的网站并不是为了卖东西,他们仅仅是想宣布他们的结婚计划,展示 他们子女的照片或仅仅是为了与他人交流。 83、然而很多人还没有意识到科学家们已经发现了一些有效的、非药物的方法来让人们摆 脱他们的不良情绪。 84、我们吃什么以及影响我们身体的方式大多取决于我们是什么样的人。 85、首先,我们从父母那里继承来的基因将决定我们身体内的新陈代谢机制会如何处理特 定的食物。
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84、它的功能是提供一种方法,该方法能够让交际双方避免出现一些令人尴尬的局面。 85、同样的,使用诸如“早上好”或“很高兴见到你”之类的短语,或就健康以及天气问 题交换一些看法在通常意义上来说并没有真正意义上的交流。 86. be out of job not because of…but because of

Tom is out of job not because of his old age but because of his laziness. 87. board wages not to mention

Mary can’t afford her board wages, not to mention the entertainment. 88. once stop singing

She stopped singing once heard the footsteps. 89. It is said that… It is said that Mr. Lee has been to Australia for many times. 90. Practice makes perfect. You have to practice a lot if you want to learn foreign languages well, just as the idioms goes “Practice makes perfect”. Part V Writing My favorite sport is basketball. It is a team sport usually involving two teams with five players each. It is also commonly played three-on-three, two-on-two, or one-on-one. Since it is a team sport, the two key factors of winning are concentration and cooperation. Basketball is good exercise providing me with a variety of benefits. Below are the ones I get out of it. Basketball, as a team sport, also trains me to cooperate with others. In addition, playing basketball enables me to relieve stress and boost energy levels. On the whole, basketball is fun and exciting to play. Every Sunday I will play basketball with my friends. And we always enjoy the game.

2009 年江苏省普通高校“专转本”统一考试 大学英语参考答案

01-05、BDBAA CBDBD

06-10、DCBDD

11-15、DBBCA

16-20、

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21-25、CABCD DBCCA 41-45、DACBB BDBDC 61-65、BADCB DDACB

26-30、BDCBA

31-35、DBDAC

36-40、

46-50、BABDA

51-55、ABCCB

56-60、

66-70、ADCDB

71-75、BCABC

76-80、

81、传宗接代、维系家族血统纯正往往极为重要,不能由浪漫和偶遇支配。 82、研究人员发现,学习成绩与工作能力几乎没有关系。有些品质,比如“稳定而可靠” 、 “实际而有条不紊”则更加重要。 83、我们在书中遇到的人们之所以使我们感到快乐,原因就是他们或者很像我们真爱的朋 友,或者代表了新类型的人,而且是我们乐于结识的。 84、然而,改革者们担心提高饮酒的合法年龄收效甚微,除非同时实施教育计划来帮助年 轻人培养对饮酒持“负责的态度” ,并且教育他们抵制同龄人劝酒的压力。 85、由于每个州每天都持续发生死亡事故,有些美国人甚至开始赞誉自 1919 年开始、实行 了长达 13 年的全国禁酒令,即胡佛总统称之为“高尚的实验”的禁酒令。 86. The appearance of the Internet has changed the way people live, work and think. 87. For a student who wants to get a job, a master ’s degree/whether he has a master ’s degree does make a difference. 88. What we don’t always recognize is that what seems to be useless may, in the long run, prove (to be) beneficial. 89. It is crucial that developed countries and developing countries promote mutual understanding and respect through more communication. 90. In order to get ahead in their students. Students need to equip themselves with independent study skills instead of relying on their teachers for everything.

2010 年江苏省专转本英语参考答案
Passage 1 1. C 细节题,当…的时候,你需要树立积极的自我形象,这一点在第一段的最后一句话提 到,if you find that believing in yourself is a challenge, it is time you build a positive self-image and learn to love yourself. 选项 C 中的 are unconfident about yourself = believing yourself is a
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challenge.阅读理解的细节题,大多这样命制,对原文的话改换一个说法。 2. B 细节题,答案在第二段中可以找到,第二段第一句话是对 self-image 下了个定义,然后 开始讲到我们往往自己对自己的 image 和别人对自己的 image 的判断是不一样的, 通常对自 己持 negative 的判断,所以也就是 B 中所说的 are probably untrue。 3. D 细节题,按照文章的理解,你应该如何改变自己的 self-image,第三题答案在第三段, 可见题目是按照顺序来进行的,第 3 段就是 3 句话,讲的要去改变自己过去那种思考方式, 要去看到自己积极成功的一面。 4. C 主旨题,本文的主要谈了什么,文章的第一段和最后一段都谈到 get rid of negative image,to build a positive image。也就是 D 所说的改变你的思考方式。 5. B 推理题,本文的潜在读者是哪个群体,文章中没有强调教育,能具有独立思维方式的 也就是成年人了。 Passage 2 6. A 细节题,根据文章例子中所讲的 positive action 有助于什么?答案可在第 1 段和第 2 段 中找到,positive actions=文中提到的 honorable actions,BCD 所提及的内容均未在第 1,2 段中出现,排除法,只有 A,而 self-respect 确实在第一段的第一句话就提到过。 7. B 细节题,作者认为对没有收费的东西,保持沉默不告诉收银员相当于…?第 5 段开始的 部分就围绕这一点展开论述,用了 deep down inside we would know ourselves as a type of thief. 8. A 词汇语义题,这种题目 20 题中也就会出现 1-2 题,考查语境下来的单词,短语或句子 的理解。在第 5 段中,用了对比法,先讲如果不告诉收银员意味着什么,如果告诉收银员意 味着什么, 中间用了 in contrast 来连接, 形成对比, bring…to…, 也就是答案 A telling the truth to the clerk’s attention。 9. C 细节题,还是对第 5 段的内容进行提问,如果告诉收银员,我们会有什么感觉,倒数 第 2 句话说到 we feel honorable and our respect is increased. 10. D 主旨题,问文章的标题应该是哪个,也就是问文章主题,happiness 和 honorable 是文 章中出现频率比较高的词,也就是标题 happiness through honorable。 Passage 3 11. C 细节题,为什么说芝麻街是世界上最长的街道?这个在第 1 段就有直接的解释 that is because 引导出来。 12. A 细节题,有些教育家对此持批评的态度,为什么?第 2 段的第 3 句 although some educators object to certain elements in the program, 所表达的意思跟 A 差不多, object to certain elements = don’t think it fit for children in every respect. 题目中的 object to 反对,这个短语需 要重点关注比较重要。 13. D 细节题,对原因提问,第 3 段的第 1 句就讲了为什么受儿童欢迎,A 和 B 都有提及。 14. C 细节题, 问妈妈们为什么喜欢这个节目, 第 4 段的第 4 句强调了一个 famous adult star, 与 C 选项一致。 15. B 对最高级提问,这是一个必考点,文章中读到 most 之类的句子要关注,不考是不正 常的。题目中的 the most 对应着文章最后一段的,倒数第 2 句 the best。 Passage 4 16. D 细节题,本文描述的是生活中常见的一个群体-房地产推销员,他们为推销掉房产往往 巧舌如簧, 不惜用词, 吸引你购买。 答案就在第 1 段的倒数第 1 句和倒数第 2 句 he will accept that。 17.A 细节题,答案在于第 2 段最后一句话的理解 far better turn them down than risk missing the right one.。
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18. D 细节题,房地产推销员描述具体内容所用的形容词,要 discount the adjectives,表明 了作者的观点 safe to ignore,本题的理解稍有难度。 19. C 细节题,Trade Description Act 应用范围,在第 4 段提及,any trade trying to sell something。 20. D 词汇语义题,对第 4 段一个短语的理解,从 for instance 中所举出的例子可以看出,房 产推销员的用词并未有所收敛。答案选 D,推销员竭尽其能口吐莲花地来推销。 Vocabulary and Structure 21. 词汇辨析题,答案选 D。 本题为常考点,在平时的复习早应该熟练掌握,从选项的设计来看,A 与 D 为一类,B 和 C 为一类。 科学家们将不得不想出新的办法来提高世界范围内的粮食供给, 从而解决有些地区 的饥饿问题。题干中的 famine 也是应该掌握的单词“饥饿” 。 1. come up for 没有此短语,只有 come up to 2. come down with 得(传染性的病), 感染 It sounds like you're coming down with the flu. Let me take your temperature. 听起来好象你感染到流行感冒了,让我量量你的体温。 3. come down to 可归结为 If you come down to the old price, we can place an order of a large quantity. 贵方若能降到老价格,我们就向您大量订货。 4. come up with 提出,想出,提供 The scientists are trying to come up with a solution to the problem. 科学家正力求找到解决这个问题的办法。 22. 短语辨析题,答案选 A。 本题在高考题和英语四级试卷中都曾出现过,四个选项都有 all 在里面,易混淆。 题意:我想租个房子,现代化,舒适,最重要的是周围要安静安全。 1. all in all adj. 全部地(一切的,首要,最重要的,总的说来) All in all, it was a great success. 总之,是很成功的。 2. above all 首先,尤其是 What a child should do, above all, is to do well in his studies. 小孩子该做的最重要的事是学好功课。 3. after all adv. 毕竟,到底,究竟 I'll have to go to my aunt's funeral she was my own flesh and blood after all. 我得参加我姑姑的葬礼--她是我的亲人哪。 The old methods proved best after all. 采用老方法结果反而是某事物最好。 4. over all 无此固定短语 23. 短语辨析题,答案选 C。 为了将腐败曝光,他们决定成立个特别小组来调查公司的帐目。 题干中的 expose 曝光,corruption 腐败和 accounts 帐目,都是值得注意的考点。 1. search for 寻找 The company is casting its net wide in its search for a new sales director. 公司撒开大网到处物色新的销售主任。 2. work out v. 可以解决,设计出,作出,计算出,消耗完 I believe that you can work out this problem by yourself. 我相信你自己能做出这道题的。 3.Look into 相当于 investigate 调查
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A working party has been set up to look into the problem. 已成立工作组调查该问题。 4. sum up 总结,概括 To sum up, only when strict punishment can be imposed on the lawless, can social stability be maintained. 总之,唯有当严刑峻罚加之于违法之徒时,才能维持社会安定。 24. 单词辨析题,答案选 D。 本题来自 1999.6.CET-4 第 59 题, 一看就是典型的词汇辨析题,四个选项看起来都很像以 此来干扰,B 大家比较熟悉,首先会被排除在外,再看其它三个选项。 1. battery . 电池,排炮,炮兵连,一系列 If you leave your headlights on you'll soon run down the battery. 停车後不关前灯,电池的电很快就会耗尽。 2. barrel n. 桶,一桶的量,大量, Beer swilled around the bottom of the barrel. 啤酒在桶底晃荡。 3.bargain 讨价还价 People see this period as a good time to pick up bargains 人们认为这个季节是买降价货的好时机。 25. 固定短语考查,答案选 C。 本题的考点比较老套,在以前的 CET-4 真题和模拟题都曾出现过,为送分题 have access to 能够进入,前面加 free 表示免费进入。题意:住在这些公寓里里的居民都能够免费使用游 泳池,健身房和其它设施。题干中的 resident 和 facility 是值得注意两个考点,特别注意到发 facility 侧重指公用设施。 1. excess 过量 The fat boy went on a diet to get rid of his excess weight. 这个胖男孩节制饮食以减轻过量的体重。 2. excursion 远足 The excursion was the high spot of our holiday. 我们那个假日的最大乐趣是远足 3. access n. 通道,入口 n. 进入,接近(的机会), 使用之权 As her private secretary he has access to all her correspondence. 他是她的私人秘书,能接触到她所有的信件。 This database is only accessible by the authorized manager. 只有授权的管理员才可以访问此数据库。 4. recreation 娱乐消遣 Sport and recreation have always been part of my life. 运动和娱乐活动一直是我的生活的一部分。 26. 本题考查对固定搭配,答案:B 题意: 新闻记者和摄影记者对那名演员在采访中的粗鲁表现都感到很不满。 让人大跌眼镜的 是:本题是 97 年的英语专业八级题,第 57 题。 offence 意为冒犯;令人讨厌的事物, 常用 take offence at sth.,意为因某事而生气,对……生气;annoyance 烦恼,讨厌的东西; resentment 意为“不满,怨恨;irritation 意为激怒,刺激,这三个词均不与 take 搭配,故选项 B 为正确答案。 27. 单词辨析题,答案选 B。 本题来自 1997 年 6 月大学英语四级题中的 Cloze,第 71 题。
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题意:任何对孩子们健康有益的食物,都不应该因为推定的不喜欢而被忽略 Supposed adj. 想象的,假定的,必须的,期望中的,允许的 The show is supposed to be good. 这场表演应当是相当好的。 28. 动词短语辨析,答案选 A。 1. exchange for 交换 John saved10 cent savings stamps until he had enough to exchange for a$25bond. 约翰储蓄 10 分钱的储蓄券,一直到他有足够的钱才换成 25 元的公债券。 2. convert v. 变换,(使)转变,使 ... 改变信仰,倒置,兑换 n. 皈依者,改变信仰的人 The old barn we bought to convert into flats was practically tumbling down. 那个旧谷仓我们买下想改建住房的,实际上已经快塌了。 The solar cell can convert the energy of sunlight into electric energy. 太阳能电池能把阳光的能量转化为电能。 3. replace 代替 We replaced coal with oil. 我们用油代替了煤。 4. substitute n. 代替者,代用品 vt. 用 ... 代替,代以,代替 Water is not a proper substitute for wine. 水不是酒的适当代用品。 We substituted a red ball for blue to see if the baby would notice. 我们用红皮球换下了蓝皮球,看这婴儿会不会发觉 29.固定搭配,答案选 C。 1. 题意:她说她喜欢跳舞,但是现在大厅很吵杂,她没跳舞的心情。 not in the mood 没心情;moody 易怒的,喜怒无常的。 2. intention They have no intention of getting married at present. 他们目前没有结婚的打算。 3. manner 举止,礼貌,习俗 4. desire She desired to marry a rich man. 她很想嫁个富翁。 30.单词辨析,答案选 B,在四六级,专业四级和考博试卷中都曾出现。 1.题意:因为衣冠不整,他被挡在音乐厅外。 Reject 是拒绝接受,一般不带双宾语;deny 和 withhold 都是拒绝给予的意思,但是 withhold 不带双宾语,deny 可以,通常表现为 deny sb. of sth;deprive 是剥夺(权利)等,通常用的 结构是 be deprived of.

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2006-2010年江苏省专转本高数真题集

2006-2010江苏省专转本高数真题集 - 2006 年—2010 年江苏省专转本真题 3 1、 计算 lim x ?1 x ?1 x ?1 ( 2 ) 3 2、 已知 lim x...