I. 一般过去时的概念 一般过去时表示过去某个时间发生的动作或存在的状态。 常和表示过去的时间状语连用。 如：last year, yesterday等； 也可表示过去经常反复发生的动作，常和often, always等频率副词 连用。 例如： ①I saw him in the street yesterday. 昨天我在街上看见他了。 ②Li Mei always went to school on foot last year. 去年李梅总是步行上学。 II. 一般过去时的构成 动词过去式的构成： (1)规则动词过去式的构成有四条规则： ①一般在动词原形末尾直接加上-ed。如：look-looked。 ②以不发音的字母e结尾的动词，去e再加-ed。如：live-lived。 ③末尾只有一个辅音字母的重读闭音节， 先双写这个辅音字母， 再加-ed。 stop-stopped。 如： ④末尾是辅音字母+y结尾的动词，先变y为i，然后再加-ed。如：study-studied。 (2)不规则动词的过去式需特殊记忆。如：am(is)-was, are-were, go-went, come-came, take-took, have (has)-had等。 III. 一般过去时的几种句型 肯定句结构为：主语+动词的过去式+其它。如：He went to the toy store yesterday. 他昨天 去玩具店了。 否定句结构为：主语+did not (didn't)+动词原形+其它。如：He didn't go to the toy store yesterday. 他昨天没去玩具店。 一般过去时的一般疑问句的构成： Did+主语＋动词原形＋其它？如： 1) -Did you go to Beijing last week? -Yes, we did. (No, we didn't.)
2) -Did you meet the businessman before? 一般过去时的特殊疑问句的构成： 疑问词＋did+主语＋动词原形＋其它？如： 1) -What did you do last night? 2) -Where did you go last week? 一般过去时口诀
-No, I didn't. (Yes, I did.)
-I did my homework. -I went to Shanghai with my parents.
一般过去时并不难，表示过去动作、状态记心间。 动词要用过去式，时间状语句末站。 否定句很简单，didn't 站在动词原形前，其它部分不要变。 一般疑问句也好变，did放在句子前，主语、动词原形、其它部分依次站。 特殊疑问句也简单，疑问词加一般疑问句记心间。 最后一条请注意，动词过去式要牢记。 小朋友们口诀记，学会一般过去时没问题。 小学阶段要掌握的几个动词的过去式:
washed clothes, went to a park,
played football, went swimming, learned Chinese, ate good food, went skiing,
cleaned the room, read a book, sang and danced, bought presents, went ice-skating.
visited grandparents, went fishing, took pictures, rowed a boat,
went hiking, climbed a mountain, saw elephants,
I.用所给的动词的适当形式填空。 ⒈He ___________(visit) the Great Wall last year. 2.We____________(have) a good time yesterday. 3.We often __________(go) to school by bus last year. 4.I __________(live)in the village when I was a child. 5.Mike__________(see) a big tiger in the nature park last year. 6.Sam___________ (do) the housework yesterday. 7.________(do) you _________(enjoy) yourself yesterday? 8.________(do)you __________(play) the violin in the artroom yesterday? No, I didn't. I___________(draw)some pictures there. 9.. I __________ (eat) a big pizza yesterday. 10.There_________ (be) many sheep on the farm last year. 11. I _________ (watch) a cartoon on Saturday. 12. Her father __________ (read) a newspaper last night. 13. We _________ to zoo yesterday, we ___________ to the park. (go) 14. _________ you __________ (visit) your relatives last Spring Festival? 15. _________ he __________ (fly) a kite on Sunday? Yes, he __________. II.选择填空 ( ) 1. She watered the flowers ________. A tomorrow ( ) 2.What ____ A do ( B sometimes C yesterday morning
Mike do last weekend ? B does C did
) 3. I ___ my room last Sunday. A cleaned B clean C am cleaning
) 4. I often help my mother _____ housework. A does B did C do
) 5. _____ you _____ TV last night . A Do, watch B Did, watch C Did, watched yesterday ？ C No, he don’t
your father write an e-mail B Yes, he does
A Yes, he did.
) 7.They _____ A are going
on a trip in February ,2007. B going C went tomorrow . C climbing
) 8.We’re going to _____ mountains A climb B climbed
) 9. ____ he ____ football two days ago? A Does , play B Did , played C Did , play
) 10.----Good afternoon, Miss Lee. How does Mike feel? -----He’s tired . He ____ a lot of work ______ . A does , this morning B do , this morning C did , this morning
III．连词成句。 1. did, what, you, yesterday, do.
_____________________________________________________________________ 2.watch, John,did, TV, weekend, last.
_____________________________________________________________________ 3. went, I, to, by, park, a, bike
_____________________________________________________________________ 4. jumped, the, into, lake, he, and, the, to, swam, kite.
IV.根据句意,填上合适的单词。 1．-Where 2．3．you go on your holiday？ - I did you do on your holiday？ - I did you go there？I I went presents。 plane. a park。