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高考英语写作替换单词大汇总


高考英语写作替换单词大汇总 ①词汇篇 单词可以说一个人单词量的展现,如果总停留在使用 very good 等小学词汇,那老师把你当 成发育不完全也正常.所以要使用一些高级词汇(就象是给文章穿上了成人内衣),我不建 议大家用考纲以外的词汇(当然你能用更好). severe 替换掉 serious(严重的) a severe water shortage 严重缺水 needy 替换掉 poor( 贫穷的) wealthy 替换掉 rich ( 富裕的) beneficial 替换掉 good (有益的) undesirable 替换掉 bad (不好的,不受欢迎的) nevertheless 替换掉 however(然而,不过) fundamental / significant 替换掉 important( 重要的) relevant 替换掉 related (有关的) ....is highly relevant to....... extraordinary 替换掉 surprising (惊人的,非凡的) provided/providing (that)替换掉 if (如果.....) promote /strengthen 替换掉 improve (提高,加强) More should be done to strengthen industry's links with universities.

应该做更多的事情加强工业界和大学的联系.
cope with 替换掉 solve( 解决) motivate 替换掉 encourage( 激励) We are looking for someone who will be able to motivate the staff to work hard.我们在寻找能激

励职员们努力工作的人.
jeopardize 替换掉 be bad to (损害,危及) Failing exams could jeopardize her future.

考试不及格危及她的前程.
ease 替换掉 relieve (减轻,缓解) To ease the problem of ..... 为了缓解....的问题..... well-being 替换掉 happiness (幸福,安康) pros and cons 替换掉 advantages and disadvantages(好处和坏处) You must consider all the pros and cons of the matter before you make a decision.在你做决定之

前,必须考虑这个问题的正反两个方面.
approach / method 替换掉 way(方法,方案) adopt 替换掉 use (采用,采取)

the aged 替换掉 old people(老人) adolescents 替换掉 the young (青少年) employment 替换掉 job(就业) affair 替换掉 thing (事情,东西) bent 替换掉 gift (天赋,爱好) catastrophe 替换掉( disaster 灾难) subscribe to 替换掉 agree with( 同意) tend 替换掉 want(趋向于..想要.....) I am tending to another customer at he moment. acquire 替换掉 gain (获得(尤指知识上的)) administration 替换掉 government (政府部门) contribute to 替换掉 cause (引起) extremely 替换掉 very (非常的) frown on sth 替换 disagree with sth ( 不同意)

for instance 替换掉 for example (例如) advocate 倡导 compensate for 弥补..... Spare no efforts for 努力 In contemporary society 在当今社会 A vast amount of 大量的 be abundant in 富有... on ones own account 为了某人自己的利益 at ones own risk 自行负责 on account of 由于 On no account 绝不要 arise from 由....引起 Are these any matters arising from the last meeting?

这些事情都是由上次的会议引起的吗?
assess 评估,评价 Examinations are not the only means of assessing ones ability.

考试不是评价一个人能力的唯一方法.
authentic 真实的,可信的 gradual 逐渐的 There has been a gradual improvment in ...over the last two years.

过去的两年中...逐渐改善.
....multiply rapidly ...迅速增加. ripe 时候成熟的 The country is ripe for change.

国家已是时候改变.
trend 趋势,趋向,潮流 The trend at the moment is that .... 现在..是一个趋势..... emphasize 强调,重视 I’d like to emphasize how important it is to .... sustainable development 可持续发展 ②句型篇 英语里面常用的句型也就那么几个,尽量往里套。能用到以下句型的千万别用一般陈述句, 能用长句千万别用短句,最好一句话老长.每个句型我都弄个例句~~ 倒装: Not only di he speak correctly,but he spoke easily. Here comes a bus. Seldom have we felt as comfortable as here . 双否: The postman never fails to come on time . 被动: Many things can be done to solve this problem . 非限定: The man is from the UK,which we can tell from his accent. 定从: This is the reason why he came late. This is the reason for which he came late. The school (that/which) he once studied in is very famous 让步: Child as he is ,he can speak many foreaign languages. 独立主格:

(With)There being no bus, we had to go home on foot.
The men moved slowly forward, neck deep in the water, with their officers guiding them. ③常用句子篇——起到一个首饰的作用,让文章更销魂~~~~

这个有点头疼,多背一背吧~~~ Some changes have taken place in the past five years. 在过去的 5 年中这里发生的一些变化. A great change will certainly be produced in the world’s communications. 在世界的沟通与交流方面产生了巨大的变化. This is a phenomenon that ..... 有一个...的现象........ It has increased(decreased)from...to... ...从...增加到了........... People have(take,adopt,assume)different attitudes towards sth. 人们对..有不同的态度. When it comes to ..., some think ... 当谈到...一些人认为.......... There is a public debate today that ... 当今有一个公共的争论关于........... Recently the problem has been brought into focus. 最近这个问题得到了关注. Now there is a growing awareness that... 现在....的意识增强了. Many individuals, if not most, harbor the idea that…. 有许多人,不是特别多,怀有这样的想法..... it is universally acknowledged that..... ....是一个社会的共识..... Just imagine what would be like if... 设想一下如果...... It is of great benefit to us. ...对我们是有很大的好处的. It has more disadvantages than advantages. 它有很多的优点和缺点. It plays an important role in our life. 它在我们的人生中扮演了很重要的角色. ... this story is not rare. 这样的故事不少见.

..., such dilemma we often meet in daily life. 这样的事情我们在生活中经常遇到. ..., the story still has a realistic significance.这个故事很有现实意义.

But some others have just the opposite opinion. 一些人有相反的意见. But every coin has two sides. 每个硬币都有两面.(即每件事情都有两面) As for me, I'm in favour of the latter opinion.我支持后者. promote the public awareness of 增强了...的公共认识 The government should take effective measures and immediate actions. 政府应该采取及时有效的措施. To understand the truth of ..., it is also important to see... 为了理解...的真相......,认识到....也是重要的. A study of ... will make this point clear .一项研究使这个观点更清楚了. There is no point(use) in doing.....做...是没有意义的. Distinguished scientific accomplishment is a matter of opportunity and of continuous and concentrated effort over long years. (很优美的句子,值得借鉴) from the …point of view 从…角度来看 最近, XXXXX 现象引起了人们的广泛关注 Recently, the phenomenon of (that) …… has aroused wide public concern 随着社会(科技)的发展,人们开始注意到 XXXX 的重要性 Along with the advance of the society (science and technology), people are attaching much importance to …… Take ... for an example, it is a very obvious case . 拿..来说,这是个很明显的案例. Some people argue that….., whereas others maintain that…. 一些人争论.....另一些人支持....观点. 就我个人而言(老实说), 我全力支持前者(后者) As for me, I am in high favor of the former (latter) Personally, I side with the former (latter) Frankly speaking/ To be frank/ To be honest/ Honestly speaking, it is the former (latter) that I approve of 我认为(在我看来,就我看来,我的观点是, 我想….) I am convinced that…. As far as I am concerned, ….. To my point of view, ….. From where I stand, ……

We should take some effective measures. 我们应该采取有效的措施. We should try our best to overcome(conquer)the difficulties. 我们应该努力克服困难. Certainly, B has its own advantages, such as... 当然,B 有自身的优势,比如........ As far as we know....正如我们所知道的... In a certain sense......在某种情况下...... There is no denying the fact that .....不可否认的事实是..... 结尾常用句: From what has been discussed above, we may safely draw .... the conclusion that ... In summary, it is wiser ... In short..... From what has been mentioned above,we can come to the conclusion that ... 一、议论文 议论文 1、讨论话题 最近, 我们在热烈讨论是 否我们该建这个工厂 2、观点不同 在这个问题上意见有分 歧。有两种不同意见。 3、支持观点 很多人支持这个观点 Recently, we have had a heated discussion about whether we should build a factory here. Opinions are divided on the question. Opinions are mainly divided into two groups. Many people favor this opinion. Quite a few people support this view. 4、反对观点 很多人反对这个观点 A large number of people are against it. Many a student disagrees with that point of view. 5、介绍原因 造成这种情况有很多原 因. 很多人胖的主要原因 是吃的太多 6、利弊权衡 搬北京动物园弊大于利 There are many reasons for this. The main reason why many people are fat is that they eat too much. The disadvantages of moving the zoo

我们必须权衡搬北京动 outweigh the advantages. 物园的利弊 We have to balance the disadvantages of moving the zoo against the advantages. 7、某人认为 一些人认为吸烟是一种 Some people believe that smoking is an

享受

enjoyment. Some people hold the view that smoking is an enjoyment.

8、承担责任

我们有责任保护环境

We are supposed to shoulder the responsibility for protecting the environment.

9、采取措施 10、从中获益

我们应该立刻采取措施 如果我们搬迁动物园, 会 受益很多。

Immediate actions should be taken. We can benefit a lot from moving the zoo.

二、记叙文 记叙文 1、很有意义 2、玩的开心 3、非常难忘 4、收获很多 这次经历非常有意义 我们玩的很开心 这次经历非常难忘。 去美国旅游非常有收获 This is/was a really meaningful experience. We enjoyed a great deal the fun and laughter. I find it a really memorable experience. Our trip to America was a very rewarding experience. 5、十分感谢 6、印象深刻 非常感谢他们的友善 他们的友善给我留下深 刻的印象 1. important =crucial (extremely important),significant(amount or effect large enough to be important) 2.common=universal, ubiquitous(if something is ubiquitous, it seems to be everywhere) 3.abundant=ample(enough and usually extra), plentiful(enough for people's needs and wants) 4.stick=adhere, cling(hold on something tightly) 5.neglect=ignore.(difference: neglect means someone has not paid enough attention to something; ignore means no attention.) 6.near=adjacent(twothings next to each other), adjoin(the same as adjacent) 7.pursue=woo(man woos woman, old-fashioned), seek(if you seek sth, you try to obtain it. FORMAL) 8.accurate=precise(precise is exact and accurate in all details), exact(correct in every detail) 9.vague=obscure(unknown or known by only a few people) 10.top=peak, summit 11.competitor=rival, opponent(especially in sports and politics) 12.blame=condemn(if you condemn something, you say it is very bad and unacceptable) I really appreciate their kindness. Their kindness really impressed me a lot.

13.opinion=perspective, standpoint(means looking at an event or situation in a particular way) 14.fame=prestige(describe those who are admired), reputation 15.build=erect(you can erect something as buildings, FORMAL), establish 16.insult=humiliate(do something or say something which makes people feel ashamed or stupid) 17.complain=grumble (complain something in a bad-tempered way) 18.primary=radical (very important and great in degree), fundamental 19.relieve=alleviate (alleviate means you make pain or sufferings less intense or severe) 20.force=coerces into(coerce means you make someone do something s/he does not want to),compel

21.enlarge=magnify(magnify means make something larger than it really is) 22.complex=intricate(if something is intricate, it often has many small parts and details) 23. Lonely=solitary (if someone is solitary, there is no one near him/her) 24.small=minuscule(very small), minute, 25.praise=extol(stronger than praise), compliment(polite and political) 26.hard-working=assiduous(someone who is assiduous works hard or does things very thoroughly) 27.difficult=arduous (if something is arduous, it is difficult and tiring, and involves a lot of efforts) 28.poor(soil)=barren, infertile(used to describe the soil is so poor that plants cannot be planted on it) 29.fragile=brittle, vulnerable(someone who is vulnerable is easily hurt emotionally or physically) 30.show=demonstrate (to demonstrate a fact means tp make it clear to people.) 31.big=massive(large in size, quantity, or extent), colossal(use this word, you emphasize something’s large), tremendous(INFORMAL) 32.avoid=shun(if someone shuns something, s/he deliberately avoid that something or keep away from it.) 33.fair=impartial(someone who is impartial is able to give a fair opinion or decision on something.) 34.attack=assault (physically attack someone), assail (attack violently)

35.dislike=abhor(abhor means you hate something to a extreme extent for moral reasons), loathe(dislike very much)! 36.ruin=devastate (it means damage something very badly, or utterly destroy it.) 39.always=invariably(the same as always, but better than always) 40.forever=perpetual(a perpetual state never changes), immutable(something immutable will never change or be changed) 41.surprise=startle(it means surprise you slightly), astound(surprise you to a large degree),astonish(the same as astound) 42.enthusiasm=zeal (a great enthusiasm), fervency (sincere and enthusiasm) 43.quiet=tranquil(calm and peaceful), serene(calm and quiet) 44.expensive=exorbitant(it means too expensive that it should be) 45.luxurious=lavish(impressive and very expensive), sumptuous(grand and very expensive) 46.boring=tedious(if you describe something tedious, you mean it is boring and frustrating) 47.respect=esteem(if you esteem someone, you respect and admire him/her. FORMAL) 48.worry=fret(if you fret about something, you worry about it) 49.cold=chilly(unpleasantly cold), icy(extremely cold) 50.hot=boiling(very hot) 51.dangerous=perilous(very dangerous, hazardous(dangerous, especially to people's safety and health) 52.nowadays=currently 53.only=unique(the only one of its kind), distinctive; 54.stop=cease(if something ceases, it stops happening or existing) 55.part=component(the components of something are the parts that it is made of) 56.result=consequence(the results or effects of something) 57.obvious=apparent, manifest 58.basedon=derived fromcan see or notice them very easily) 60.quite=fairly 61.pathetic=lamentable(very uncomfortable and disappointing) 62.field=domain(a particular field of thought, activities or interest) 63.appear=emerge(come into existence) 64.whole=entire(the whole of something) 65.wet=moist(slightly wet), damp(slightly wet), humid(very damp and hot) 66.wrong=erroneous(incorrect or partly correct) 67.difficult=formidable

68.change=convert(change into another form) 69.typical=quintessential(this word means represent a typical example of something) 70.careful=cautious(very careful in order to avoid danger), prudent(careful and sensible) 71.ability=capacity, capability(the same as ability) 72.strange=eccentric(if some one is eccentric, s/he behaves in a strange way, or his/her opinion is different from most people) 73.rich=affluent(if you are affluent, you have a lot of money) 74.use= utilize (the same as use) 75.dubious=skeptical(if you are skeptical about something, you have doubts on it.) 76.satisfy=gratify (if you are gratified by something, it gives you pleasure and satisfaction) 77.short=fleeting, ephemeral(if something is ephemeral, it lasts a short time) 78.scholarship=fellowship 79.angry=enraged(extremely angry) 80.smelly=malodorous(used to describe an unpleasant smell) 81.ugly=hideous(if something is hideous, it is very ugly or unattractive) 82.attractive=appealing(pleasing and attractive), absorbing(something absorbing can attract you a great deal) 83.diverse=miscellaneous(a miscellaneous groups consists of many different kinds of things) 84.disorder=disarray, chaos 85.crazily=frantically(used to describe someone who behaves in a wild and uncontrolled way) 86.rapid=meteoric(ATTENTION: meteoric is only used to describe someone achieves success quickly) 87.ordinary=mundane(very ordinary and not at interesting or unusual) 88.despite=notwithstanding(FORMAL) 89.best=optimal(used to describe the best level something can achieve) 90.sharp=acute(severe and intense) 91.unbelievable=inconceivable(if you deem something inconceivable, you think it very unlike to happen ) 92.puzzle=perplex(something perplex someone means it confuses and worries him/her because he/she does not understand it) 93.method=avenue(away of getting something done) 94.famous=distinguished(used to describe people who are successful in their career) 95.ancient=archaic(extremely old and extremely old-fashioned)

96.decorate=embellish(embellish means make something look more attractive via decorating it with something else) 97.possible=feasible(if something is feasible, it can be done, made or achieved) 98.so=consequently, accordingly 99.rare=infrequent (doesn’t happen often) 100.greedy=rapacious(greedy and selfish)


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