2015—2016 学年上期期末考试 18 届 高一英语试题
说明： 1．本试卷分第Ⅰ卷（选择题）和第Ⅱ卷（非选择题）满分 150 分，考试时间 120 分钟。 2．将第Ⅰ卷的答案代表字母填（涂）在第Ⅱ卷的答题表（答题卡）中。 第Ⅰ卷 第一部分：听力（共两节，满分 30 分） 第一节(共 5 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 7.5 分) 听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一个小题，从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最 佳选项，并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后，你都有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关小题 和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。 1. What time is it now? A. 4:50. B. 5:00. C. 5:10. 2. How does the woman usually go to work? A. By bus. B. On foot. C. By taxi. 3. What does the woman advise the man to do? A. Sell his DVD player. B. Buy a new DVD player. C. Borrow a DVD player. 4. What is the relationship between the speakers? A. Waiter and customer. B. Host and guest. C. Shop assistant and customer. 5. What will the speakers do this afternoon? A. Go swimming. B. Go shopping. C. Go fishing. 第二节 (共 15 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 22.5 分) 听下面 5 段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题，从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个 选项中选出最佳选项，并标在试卷相应的位置。听每段对话或独白前，你将有时间阅读各个 小题， 每小题 5 秒钟； 听完后， 各个小题将给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。 每段对话或独白读两遍。 听第 6 段材料，回答第 6 至 7 题。 6. What are the speakers mainly talking about? A. A test. B. A plan. C. A gym. 7. How does the woman feel now? A. Tired B. Good. C. Bored. 听第 7 段材料，回答第 8 至 10 题。 8. Why does the man always travel by subway? A. It’s clean. B. It’s cheap. C. It’s fast and comfortable. 9. What does the man think of buses in Beijing? A. Slow. B. Crowded. C. Expensive. 10. What do we know about the woman? A. She has traveled much in China. B. She thinks taxis cost a lot. C. She doesn’t like the subway. 听第 8 段材料，回答第 11 至 13 题。 11. Why does the woman like spring? A. It makes her feel happy. B. She can go for picnics.C. It rains a lot.
12. How often does the man like it to rain? A. About once a day. B. About once a week. C. About once a month. 13. What do we know about the man’s family? A. They have no umbrellas. B. They are troubled with umbrellas. C. They go out in the rain without umbrellas. 听第 9 段材料，回答第 14 至 16 题。 14. How many rooms does the apartment have? A. 2. B. 3. C. 5. 15. What direction does the living room face? A. South. B. North. C. West. 16. What do we know about the apartment? A. It has a beautiful sea view. B. The transportation is not good. C. The surroundings are quiet. 听第 10 段材料，回答第 17 至 20 题。 17. What animals can be seen in the aquarium? A. Sharks. B. Whales. C. Polar bears. 18. What food can the visitors give the monkeys to eat? A. Fruits. B. Biscuits. C. Specially prepared food. 19. Where do more than 300 species of birds come from? A. Africa. B. South America. C. Southeast Asia. 20. Who can help the visitors if they have any questions? A. The speaker. B. The keepers . C. The people at the information desk. 第二部分：阅读理解（共两节，满分 40 分） 第一节 (共 15 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 30 分) 阅读下列短文，从每题所给的四个选项（A、B、C 和 D）中，选出最佳选项。 A It was unusually quiet in the emergency room on December 25. I didn’t think there would be any patients, sighing about having to work on Christmas. Just then five bodies showed up at my desk, a pale woman and four small children. “Are you all sick?” I asked doubtfully. “Yes,” she said weakly and lowered her head. But when it came to descriptions of their presenting problems, things got a little puzzling. Two of the children had headaches, but the headaches weren’t accompanied by the normal body language of holding the head or trying to keep it still. Two children had earaches, but only one could tell me which ear was affected. The mother complained of a cough but seemed to work to produce it. Something was wrong, but I didn’t say anything but explained that it might be a little while before a doctor saw her. She responded, “Take your time’; it’s warm here.” I checked the chart after the admitting clerk had finished registering the family. No address—they were homeless. The waiting room was warm. I looked out at the family huddled(挤在一起的)by the Christmas tree. The youngest one was watching TV. The oldest one was looking at the decorations on the Christmas tree. I went back to the nurses’ station and mentioned we had a homeless family in the waiting room. The nurses, complaining about working on Christmas, turned to compassion for a family
just trying to get warm on Christmas. The team went into action, much as we do when there’s a medical emergency. But this one was a Christmas emergency. We were all offered a free meal in the hospital cafeteria on Christmas Day, so we fetched that meal and prepared a banquet(盛宴) for our Christmas guests. Our team worked to meet the needs of a family who just wanted to be warm on Christmas Day. Later, as the family walked to the door to leave, the four-year-old came back, gave me a hug and whispered, “Thanks for being our angels today.” 21. From the descriptions of the family’s presenting problems, the author learned that _____. A. one of the children had a language problem B. only one of the children had bitter earaches C. the mother caught a bad cold D. the whole family pretended to be sick 22. The author made sure that the family were homeless by _____. A. asking them some questions B. checking their registered information C. observing their abnormal body language D. listening to their descriptions of problems 23. After knowing about the homeless family, the nurses _____. A. offered a television to them B. bought a lot of presents for them C. prepared a beautiful Christmas tree for them D. worked together to let them enjoy a Christmas feast 24. What’s the best title of the text? A. Christmas Emergency B. Christmas Guests C. A Poor Family D. Beautiful Angels B Since I started working part-time at a grocery store, I have learned that a customer is more than someone who buys something. To me, a customer is a person whose memory fails entirely once he or she starts to push a shopping cart(购物手推车). One of the first things customers forget is how to count. There is no other way to explain how so many people get in their express line, which is clearly marked 15 items or less, with 20, 25 or even a cart load of items. Customers also forget why they came to the store in the first place. Just as I finish ringing up an order, a customer will say, “Oops, I forgot to pick up a fresh loaf of bread. I hope you don’t mind waiting while I go to get it.” Five minutes later, he’s back with the bread, a bottle of milk, and three rolls of paper towels. What is stranger is that customers also seem to forget that they have pay for their groceries. Instead of writing a check or looking for a credit card while I am ringing up the groceries, a customer will wait until I announce the total. Then, in surprise, she says, “Oh no, what did I do with my check book?” After 5 minutes of digging through her purse, she borrows my pen because she’s forgotten hers. But I have to tolerate customers because they pay my salary, and that’s something I can’t afford to forget. 25. What does the author say about his customers? A. They cannot count numbers. B. They sometimes jump the queue. C. They don’t know how to express themselves.
D. They behave as if their memories have totally failed. 26. According to the text, who are supposed to be in the express line? A. Customers with nothing bought. B. Customers with not more than 15 items. C. Customers with items between 15 and 25. D. Customers with 25 or even a cart load of items. 27. When customers arrive at the check-out counter, they _____. A. find their pens lost B. go back and get more items C. cannot wait to pay for their groceries D. prefer paying by check to paying by a credit card 28. We can infer from the text that _____. A. business in the grocery store runs well B. the author finds his present job full of fun C. the author’s part-time job calls for patience D. customers go to grocery stores without planning C If you think it is cold where you are at the moment, then a visit to the Russian village of Oymyakon might just change your mind. With the average temperature for January standing at -50℃, it is no wonder that the village is the coldest inhabited settlement in the world. Known as the “Pole of Cold”, the coldest temperature recorded in Oymyakon is -71.2℃, which is the lowest recorded temperature for any inhabited location on earth. Ironically, Oymyakon actually means “non-freezing water” due to a nearby hot spring. Most homes in Oymyakon still burn coal and wood for heat and enjoy few modern conveniences. Nothing grows there so people eat reindeer(驯鹿) meat and horse meat. A single shop provides the town’s bare necessities and the locals work as reindeer-breeders, hunters and ice-fishermen. The village is located around 750meters above sea level and the length of a day varies from 3 hours in December to 21 hours in summer. And despite its terrible winters, in June, July and August temperatures over 30℃ are not uncommon. There are few modern conveniences in the village—with many buildings still having outdoor toilets and most people still burning coal and wood for heat. When coal deliveries are irregular, the power station starts burning wood. If the power ceases, the town will shut down in about five hours, and the pipes will freeze and crack. Daily problems that come with living in Oymyakon include pen ink freezing, glasses freezing to people’s faces and batteries losing power. Locals are said to leave their cars running all day for fear of not being able to restart them. Even if there is coverage for mobile phone reception, the phones themselves could not work in such cold conditions. Another problem caused by the frozen temperatures is burying dead bodies, which can take anything up to three days. 29. According to the text, Oymyakon ______. A. is the coldest location on the earth
B. has got frozen water all over the year C. gets its name because of a nearby hot spring D. can enjoy quite a few modern conveniences 30. Mobile phones could not work in Oymyakon because ______. A. the batteries are of poor quality B. the extreme coldness makes them lose power C. there is no coverage for phone reception D. the phone reception is too far away to receive the signals 31. We can learn from the text that _____. A. daily problems usually accompany the locals B. the town often stops working because of no coal delivery C. locals only live on reindeer meat and horse meat D. locals have no awareness of saving their resources D What would it take to persuade you to exercise? A desire to lose weight or improve your figure? To keep you away from diseases? To live to a healthy of age? You’d think any of those reasons would be enough to get Americans exercising. Yet a vast majority of Americans have thus far failed to swallow the “exercise pill”. Now a research by psychologists strongly suggests it’s time to think of current well-being (幸 福) and happiness as motivators(动机； 动力) for exercise instead of future health, weight loss and body image. Dr. Segar, one of the researchers, believes that immediate rewards are more motivating than distant ones. “People who say they exercise for the quality of life exercise more over the course of a year than those who say they value exercise for its health benefits,” he said. Other studies have shown that what keeps people moving depends on age, sex and life circumstances. For those of college age, physical attractiveness typically heads the lists of reasons to begin exercising, although what keeps them going seems to be the stress relief that a regular exercise program provides. The elderly, on the other hand, may get started because of health concerns. But often what keeps them exercising are the friendships and sense of community that may otherwise be missing from their lives. Improving daily well-being is the most influential factor for women. Men indicate they are motivated by more distant health benefits, but this may be because men feel less comfortable discussing their mental health needs. “Exercise should be encouraged but the emphasis on weight loss, disease prevention and healthy aging should be reduced,” Dr. Segar concluded. “Exercise can make people feel more energetic, less stressed and, yes, happier.” 32. What does the underlined part in Paragraph 1 mean? A. Be free from diseases. B. Take some diet pills. C. Improve their figure. D. Keep physically active. 33. According to the passage, which of the following people may exercise more in a year? A. Jane, who decides to lose weight. B. David, who exercises for future health. C. Mary, who enjoys exercising with her son. D. Mark, who is suffering from a serious illness. 34. According to Paragraph 4, which group of people tends to exercise for friendship?
A. Men. B. Women C. The elderly. D. College students. 35. What is the author mainly arguing in the passage? A. Immediate rewards of exercise should be emphasized. B. Distant benefits should be the motivators for exercise. C. Feeling relaxed is more important than future health. D. Men and women take exercise for different purposes. 第二节 （共 5 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 10 分） 根据短文内容， 从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。 选项中有两项为多余 选项。 How do you stay true to yourself when you’re surrounded by friends and / or family that have an opinion on everything you do? It is not easy! 36 Here are 4 tips which can help you live a dynamic life. 37 Stay true to yourself by listening to the only opinions that really matter—your own and those from people who believe in and encourage you. Deep down you know yourself better than anybody else. Don’t fear people 38 The reason why most people don’t take risks, or live on the edge is the fear of what others might think of them. If you want to live the life you truly deserve, you must give up the need to be liked by everybody. Value yourself and your choices When you do, others will too. Own the choices you make in your life. 39 When you believe in yourself, in time, others will believe in you too. Show confidence in your choices and what you stand for whether others agree or not. Focus on appreciation No matter what the circumstances are, there is always something to be grateful for. All successful people ask: What am I grateful for? How can I improve my situation and use the tough time to inspire others? 40 These steps, if applied, will help you transform your peace of mind, lifestyle, and productivity. A. Focus on your own talents and strengths. B. Never let others’ opinions guide your choices. C. Treat every person like they are important. D. When you doubt yourself, others will doubt you. E. Stay fearless in everything you will have to do. F. Be thankful to life and be helpful to others, and you’ll lead a successful life. G. However, there are great possibilities that you can lead the life you really want. 第三部分：英语知识运用 (共两节，满分 45 分) 第一节：完形填空 (共 20 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 30 分) 阅读下面短文，从短文后各题所给的四个选项（A、B、C 和 D）中，选出可以填入空白 处的最佳选项。 My 9-year-old daughter is reading in her room before bed. Every now and then I hear her 41 at a funny line. Sometimes she calls out to ask 42 she can read us something. It’s 43 and she should be asleep by now, but we say yes.
“Listen!” she reads us the 44 . “Isn’t that wonderful?” My husband and I 45 . It is wonderful. I can’t help feeling a little 46 , too. Not that long ago, we’d read to her nightly before she went to sleep. We did so even as she 47 reading on her own. As a result, we were often 48 by what was going on in her books, 49 we’d miss chapters as she sped ahead. No matter. Bedtime was 50 reading aloud as a family, and we 51 it. After almost ten years of reading together, she’s ready to step away from that 52 . It’s tough for my husband and me to 53 the tradition, even as we delight in the to-be-read pile growing next to her bed. But we still talk to her about 54 . She’s aware that reading isn’t everyone’s favorite thing, and that some find it harder to get into a 55 than she does. It was frustrating for her once too, though she doesn’t remember that 56 . These days, she keeps a blog of her 57 , and begins to talk to others about what she loves to read. She’s outgrown our 58 rituals(习惯；老规矩) because she’s falling in love with books on her own. I 59 this makes me happiest of all. We all used to read together, but my 9-year-old daughter has taken it to a new level. What a 60 from one bedtime reading tradition towards another! 41. A. laugh B. jump C. whisper D. shout 42. A. when B. though C. if D. until 43. A. pleasing B. enough C. noisy D. late 44. A. exercise B. passage C. requirement D. blog 45. A. pretend B. hope C. agree D. shake 46. A. easy B. safe C. patient D. sad 47. A. began B. finished C. imagined D. minded 48. A. excited B. disturbed C. confused D. controlled 49. A. before B. because C. since D. unless 50. A. with B. beyond C. against D. for 51. A. understood B. treasured C. escaped D. managed 52. A. occasionally B. entirely C. unwillingly D. regretfully 53. A. give up B. figure out C. carry on D. begin with 54. A. changes B. lessons C. morals D. books 55. A. career B. college C. story D. debate 56. A. again B. now C. either D. before 57. A. collecting B. saying C. studying D. reading 58. A. new B. old C. secret D. special 59. A. doubt B. accept C. admit D. argue 60. A. shift B. surprise C. pity D. chance 第二节：(共 10 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 15 分) 阅读下面材料，在空白处填入适当的内容（1 个单词）或括号内单词的正确形式。 I 61 (concern) about wildlife protection. I will never buy a real fur coat 62 I know that animals have been killed to make it. In the same way I am careful about the sweaters I buy. I never wear one 63 (make) with wool taken from beneath the stomach of a Tibetan antelope. They are an 64 (danger) species and if they were to die 65 I would feel very sorry. 66 , it is different with some insects such as 67 (mosquito). There are
enough of them to make their place in the world secure. As they spread illness, there is a good reason 68 killing them. But for those 69 (harm) insects, I will be happy to leave them 70 peace.
2015—2016 学年上期期末考试 18 届 高一英语答题卷
第Ⅰ卷 题号 选择题 得分 七选五 ________________________ 61. _________62. ________ 63. ________ 64. ________ 65. _________ 66. _________67. _______ 68. ________ 69. ________ 70. _________ 七选五 语法填空 短文改错 书面表达 第Ⅱ卷 总分
第四部分: 写作 (共两节，满分 35 分) 第一节: 短文改错 (共 10 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 10 分) 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文， 请你修改你同桌的以下作文。 文中共有 10 处错误，每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。
增加：在缺词处加一个漏洞符号（∧） ，并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除：把多余的词用斜线（╲）划掉。 修改：在错的词下面划一横线，并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意：1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词； 2. 只允许修改 10 处，多者（从第 11 处起）不计分。 Computers are filled with dangerous poison like mercury and lead. Every time a old computer breaks down, it needs to be dealt with safe. Usually computer parts are buried. Deal with them is a problem. Pangu in Guangdong Province has called “the e-waste capital of the world”. The city has to deal with 1.5 millions kilograms of e-waste each year. This e-product industry earns $75 million per year, and it comes at a cost. Plastic is burned outdoors and acids are poured over rivers. This year China will make up its first law about waste recycling. The Chinese government wants the country to develop, but in a way what doesn’t damage the environment and people’s lives.
第二节: 书面表达 (满分 25 分)
假如你是李华, 你的英国朋友 Bill 给你发电子邮件询问你家乡这一年是否有雾霾天气， 具体情况如何。请根据所提供的信息写一封电子邮件。要点如下： 1. 介绍情况（发生雾霾天气的次数；引起交通事故疾病等） ； 2. 采取相应措施，减少其发生的次数（保护环境、多种树等） 。 注意: 1. 词数 100 左右； 2. 可以适当增加细节，以使行文连贯； 3. 开头和结尾已为你写好，不计入总词数。 提示词：雾霾：smog；措施：measure; 环境：environment Dear Bill, I am glad to receive your letter. Thank you for _______________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ __________ I am looking forward to your reply! Yours, Li Hua
2015—2016 学年上期期末考试 18 届 高一英语试题答案
听力 1-5 ABBAC 6-10 CBCAB 11-15 ABACA 16-20 CBCBC 阅读 21-25 DBDAD 26-30 BBCCB 31-35 ADCCA 36-40 GBEDF 完形填空 41-45 ACDBC 46-50 DACBD 51-55 BBADC 56-60 BDBCA 语法填空 61. am concerned 62. if 63. made 64. endangered 65. out 66. However 67. mosquitoes 68. for 69. harmless 70. in 短文改错 Computers are filled with dangerous poison like mercury and lead. Every time a old computer Poisons an breaks down, it needs to be dealt with safe. Usually computer parts are buried. Deal with them is a safely Dealing problem. Pangu in Guangdong Province has∧ called “the e-waste capital of the world”. The city been has to deal with 1.5 millions kilograms of e-waste each year. This e-product industry earns $75 million million per year, and it comes at a cost. Plastic is burned outdoors and acids are poured over river. but into This year China will make up its first law about waste recycling. The Chinese government wants 去掉 up the country to develop, but in a way what doesn’t damage the environment and people’s lives. that/ which 作文 Dear Bill, I am glad to receive your letter. Thank you for your caring for the weather in my hometown. Now I’d like to tell you something about the hazy weather. During this year, the smog has occurred many times, which has done great harm to us. Some traffic accidents have happened as a result of the heavy smog weather. Some people have to go
to see the doctor mainly because of some serious diseases caused by polluted air. People have realized the severe consequences brought about by the smog and the importance of protecting the environment. Nowadays, we are taking measures to reduce the smog weather. We should go to work or school by bus or on foot. Besides, we should plant more trees. Would you like to tell me some good ideas? I am looking forward to your reply! Yours, Li Hua