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2019年高考英语一轮复习 Unit 5 Canada The True North课件 新人教版必修3_图文

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必修3 Unit 5 Canada—“The True North”

话 题: 周围的环境(Personal environments)

1.exhibition n.
2.community n. 3.downstream adv. 4.action n. 5.existence n. 6.desire n.

展览 社区 向下游;随波而下 行为 生存 渴望

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7.harmony n. 8.environment n. 9.pour v. 10.energy n.
11.change n.&v.
12.severely adv.

必修3 Unit 5 Canada—“The True North”
和谐 环境 倾倒 能源 变化 严重地
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必修3 Unit 5 Canada—“The True North”

13.accessible adj.

可接近的;可使用的

14.low?carbon adj.

低碳的

15.polluted adj.

受到污染的

16.arouse one’s awareness of... 唤起某人的……意识

17.run out

用完

18.adjust to

适应

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必修3 Unit 5 Canada—“The True North”
1.Water resources have become so badly polluted that some of the water is unfit to drink or to use. 水资源已经被污染得如此严重,以至于一些水已经不适合饮 用或使用。 2.It’s high time that we paid much attention to protecting our environment. 到了我们应该高度重视保护环境的时候了。
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必修3 Unit 5 Canada—“The True North”
3.With the number of cars increasing fast in our city, our environment is getting increasingly worse. 在我们的城市,随着汽车数量的快速增长,我们的环境正急 剧恶化。
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必修3 Unit 5 Canada—“The True North”
(2018·河南豫南九校联考)随着车辆数量的增加,道路安 全问题变得越来越重要。假定你是李华,某校学生会主席, 请你根据下面的写作要点,给校报的英语专栏写一篇英语稿 件。
1.列举街道上常见的交通违规现象; 2.分析违反交通规则造成的后果; 3.发出几点倡议(至少两点)。 参考词汇:车行道 roadway
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必修3 Unit 5 Canada—“The True North”

Dear boys and girls,

I’m Li Hua, chairman of the students’ union. I’d like

to call your attention to the importance of obeying the traffic

rules.

Nowadays, as the number of vehicles is increasing on the

road, traffic problems have become part of our life. Some

people run the red light at the crossing and others ride their

bikes on the roadway. Some drivers drive too fast in the

street. All the behavior presents potential danger. If we don’t

obey the traffic rules, there might be more traffic jams and

accidents.

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必修3 Unit 5 Canada—“The True North”
To keep the traffic smooth, I suggest all the students should obey the traffic rules when walking in the street to make sure we are safe and avoid trouble. Also, I think it is necessary to lay stress on the traffic safety education.
Let’s take responsibility for ourselves and others. Let’s take action now!
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1._c_h_a_t_ vi.&n. 2._s_c_e_n_e_r_y_ n. 3._m__e_a_s_u_r_e vi.&vt. n. 4._a_b_o_a_r_d_ prep.&adv.

聊天;闲聊 景色;风景 测量;衡量;判定 计量制;计量单位;措施 在(船、飞机、火车或公共汽 车)上;上(船、飞机、火车等)
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5._w__it_h_i_n_ prep. 6._s_c_h_o_o_l_m_a_t_e_ n. 7._n_e_a_r_b_y_ adv. adj. 8._p_l_e_a_s_e_d_ adj. 9._to_p__ic__ n. 10._b_o_r_d_e_r_ n. vt.& vi. 11._c_o_n_f_ir_m__ vt.

在……之内 同学;校友 在附近 附近的;邻近的 欣喜的;高兴的;愉快的 话题 边界;国界;边沿 与……接壤;接近 证实;证明;批准
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1._s_u_r_r_o_u_n_d_ vt.包围;围绕→__su__rr_o_u_n_d__in_g_s_ n.(复数)周围
的事物;环境→_s_u_r_r_o_u_n_d_i_n_g_ adj.周围的 2._s_li_g_h_t__ adj.轻微的;微小的→__sl_ig_h__tl_y__ adv.稍稍;轻微 地
3.__tr_a_d_i_ti_o_n__ n.传统;风俗→_t_r_a_d_i_ti_o_n_a_l__ adj.传统的
→__t_r_a_d_i_ti_o_n_a_ll_y__ adv.传统地 4._i_m__p_re_s_s_ vt.使印象深刻;使铭记→_i_m__p_r_es_s_i_v_e_ adj.给人
深刻印象的;感人的→__im__p_r_e_ss_i_o_n_ n.印象
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5.__te_r_r_if_y__ vt.使恐怖;恐吓→__t_e_r_r_if_i_ed__ adj.恐惧的;受惊
吓 的 →_t_e_r_r_if_y_in__g__ adj. 令 人 恐 惧 的 →__te_r_r_o_r_ n . 恐 惧
→_t_e_r_r_ib_l_e__ adj.恐怖的;恐惧的
6._w__e_a_lt_h_y_ adj.富有的→_w_e_a_l_th__ n.财富 7._m_i_x_ vt.&vi.混合;调配→__m_i_x_t_u_r_e n.混合(物);混合状

8._d_i_s_ta_n__ce__ n.距离;远方→_d__is_t_a_n_t_ adj.远的;远方的
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1.continent n.
2.baggage n. 3.harbour n. 4.urban adj. 5.downtown adj. adv. 6.approximately adv. 7.dawn n. 8.broad adj.

洲__;__大__陆_____ 行__李_______ 海__港_______ 城__市__的__;__市__镇__的_____ 市__区__的______ 在__市__区__;__往__市__区________ 接__近__;__大__约__________ 黎__明__;__拂__晓__;__破__晓_______ 宽__阔__的__;__广__泛__的________
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[用所给词的适当形式填空] 1.When he woke up,he found himself _s_u_r_r_o_u_n_d_e_d_ by a group of nurses and doctors,and the __s_u_r_r_o_u_n_d_i_n_g_s were
not pleasant.(surround) 2.When they saw the __te_r_r_i_fy_i_n_g__ scene,everyone on the spot felt __te_r_r_i_fi_e_d__ and couldn’t say a word.(terrify) 3.So charming are the sights of Jiuzhaigou that they leave a deep __im__p_r_e_ss_i_o_n_ on visitors from home and abroad. To tell you the truth,I am deeply _i_m__p_r_es_s_e_d_ by its beautiful
scenery.(impress) 4.Though there is a long _d__is_t_a_n_c_e_ between Tom and his family,they don’t feel __d_is_t_a_n_t_.(distance)
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1._b_e_s_u_r_r_o_u_n_d_e_d__b_y_/w__it_h_._.. 2._s_et_t_le__d_o_w_n___ 3._m__a_n_a_g_e__to__d_o_ 4.c_a_t_c_h_s_i_g_h_t_o_f____ 5._h_a_v_e__a_g_i_f_t _fo_r____ 6.__in__t_h_e_d_i_s_ta_n_c_e___

被……包围 定居;平静下来;专心于 设法做 看见;瞥见 有……天赋 在远处

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7._a_s__fa_r__a_s__ 8.a_t__d_a_w_n__ 9.i_m__p_r_es_s_.._.o_n__/u_p_o_n_____ 10._d_r_e_a_m__a_b_o_u_t_/o_f__ 11.p__u_t _o_n_a__p_e_r_fo_r_m__a_n_c_e____

远到;直到;至于 在黎明,在拂晓 给……留下深刻印象 梦想 表演

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[选用上面的短语填空] 1.The street lights come on at dusk and go off _a_t_d_a_w__n_. 2.Standing at the top of the TV tower, we could see the mountains ___in__t_h_e_d_i_s_ta_n_c_e__ clearly. 3.When Mr. Lin _c_a_u_g_h_t_s_i_g_h_t_o_f___ his youngest daughter, he called her name and smiled. 4.After they married, they __se_t_t_le_d__d_o_w_n__ in a small village, leading a quiet life. 5.I see what you mean, but if you can __m_a_n_a_g_e__to__d_o_ it, everything will change.
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1.rather than “与其;不愿”,连接并列成分 Rather than take the aeroplane all the way,they decided to fly to Vancouver and then take the train from west to east across Canada. 2.独立主格结构 It is so wet there that the trees are extremely tall,some measuring over 90 metres. 3.not...until...直到……才…… They were not leaving for Montreal until later,so they went on a tour of the city.
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[句式仿写] 1.我总是愿意早开始,而不愿意把所有的事情都留到最后才 做。 I always prefer to start early _r_a_t_h_e_r_t_h_a_n__ leave everything to the last minute. 2.照片中的女孩在甜美地微笑,长发在微风中飘扬。 The girl in the photo was smiling sweetly,_h_e_r_l_o_n_g_h_a_i_r_f_l_o_w_i_n_g __i_n__th_e__w_i_n_d_____. 3.直到我们向他们指出了他们的错误,他们才意识到。 They_d_i_d_n_’__t_r_e_a_l_iz_e_t_h_e_i_r_f_a_u_lt__u_n_ti_l_we pointed it out to them.
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“说”法荟萃
①chat vi.& n.
②whisper vi. ③inform vt. ④announce vt. ⑤declare vt.

联想微空间
聊天;闲聊 小声说;耳语 通知;告知 宣告 宣布;声明

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联想微空间

“v.+down”短语集锦

①pass down

传下来

②bring down

使降低

③break down

分解

④cut down

削减;砍倒

⑤burn down

烧毁

⑥settle down

定居;专心于

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联想微空间

“be+过去分词+with”结构一览

①be surrounded with

被……包围

②be equipped with

配备有……

③be crowded with

挤满……

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1 surround vt.围绕; 包围 [佳句背诵] ①People say Vancouver is Canada’s most beautiful city, surrounded by mountains and the Pacific Ocean. 人们说温哥华是加拿大最美丽的城市, 被大山和太平洋环抱。 ② (2016·浙 江 卷 6 月 )Surround yourself with uplifting individuals who challenge you to be better. 要和积极向上的人在一起,他们会激励你做得更好。
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——单句语法填空/单句改错 ①Entering the room,I found Jack _s_u_r_r_o_u_n_d_i_n_g_ (surround) himself with piles of books. =Entering the room,I found Jack _s_u_r_r_o_u_n_d_e_d_ (surround) with piles of books. ②Only when we realize the importance of environment can we live in more comfortable and beautiful _s_u_r_r_o_u_n_d_i_n_g_s_ (surround). ③ (2015·福 建 卷 )Surround yourself with people who ’ ll provide you with respect support can be very beneficial.__S_u_r_r_o_u_n_d_→__S__u_r_ro_u__n_d_in_g_
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(1)surround sb./sth. with/by...
(2)surrounding adj. surroundings n.

使某人/某物被……包围 周围的 环境(通常用复数形式)

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——完成句子/句式升级 ①远处那栋高楼是我爸爸的公司的所在地。 The tall building __i_n__th_e__d_is_t_a_n_c_e__ is home to my father’s
company. ②那栋高楼被许多枫树环绕。 The tall building _is__su_r_r_o_u_n_d__ed__b_y_____ a great many maple trees. ③用过去分词短语作后置定语连接①②: _T_h_e__t_a_l_l _b_u_i_ld__in_g__s_u_r_r_o_u_n_d_e_d__b_y__a__g_r_e_a_t__m_a_n_y__m__a_p_l_e___ _t_r_ee_s__in__th__e_d_i_st_a_n_c_e_i_s_h_o_m__e_t_o__m_y__fa_t_h_e_r_’__s_c_o_m__p_a_n_y_._____
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2 measure vi.&vt.测量;衡量;判定
n.计量制;计量单位;措施
[佳句背诵] ①(2016·北京卷)Although these measures are not effective forever, they are vital for now. 虽然这些措施不是永远有效, 但是对现在来说是很重要的。 ②Life is not measured by the number of breaths we take, but by the moments that take breath away. 生命的尺度不是寿命的长短,而是一生中有多少激动人心的 时刻。
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——单句语法填空/单句改错 ①The new bridge under construction, _m__e_a_s_u_r_in_g_ (measure) twice as long as the old one, is due to be completed next month. ②(湖北卷)The government has taken measure to bring down the high prices of daily goods to keep the market stable. __m__e_a_su_r_e_→__m__e_a_su__re_s_
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(1)measure...by...

用……来衡量……

(2)take measures (to do sth.) 采取措施(做某事)

make...to one’s measure

按某人的尺寸订做……

[名师指津] measure 作名词表示“措施”时,常用其复数形

式。作动词表示“有……长/宽/高”时,为不及物动词,不用

于被动语态和进行时,若此意义的短语作后置定语,要用现

在分词形式。

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——完成句子/句式升级 我们是时候应该采取措施阻止空气被污染了。 ①(普通表达)It’s high time that we s_h_o_u_l_d__ta_k_e_/_to_o_k__m__e_a_su_r_e_s _____to__p_r_e_v_e_n_t _a_ir__fr_o_m__b_e_i_n_g__p_o_ll_u_t_ed_________. ②(高级表达)It’s high time that ___m__e_a_s_u_r_e_s_s_h_o_u_l_d_______ _b_e__ta_k_e_n_/_w_e_r_e__ta_k_e_n__to__p_r_e_v_e_n_t_a_i_r_f_ro_m___b_e_in_g__p_o_ll_u_t_e_d___. (被动语态)
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3 distance n.距离;路程;远方
[佳句背诵] ①(山东卷)Take your time—it’s just a short distance from here to the restaurant. 别急——从这儿到餐馆只不过有短短的距离而已。 ②You needn’t go to the railway station by taxi because it is within walking distance. 你没必要乘出租车去火车站,因为走着即可。
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——单句语法填空 ①We spotted them waving to us _a_t_ a distance of two hundred yards. ②_I_n_ the distance is a tall tree which is said to have a history of over 500 years. ③That lovely summer holiday in Beijing in 2017 already feels like a __d_is_t_a_n_t_ (distance) memory.
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(1)in the distance at a distance at a distance of... (2)distant adj.
be distant from...

在远方,在远处 稍远处;离一段距离 在距……的地方 遥远的;(指人) 远亲的, 冷淡的 离……遥远
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——完成句子 ①纽约市离波士顿有多远? __W__h_a_t_’__s_t_h_e_d_i_s_ta_n_c_e__ between New York City and Boston? ②据说此山在远处看会更美丽。 It is said that the mountain is more beautiful __w_h_e_n__(_it_i_s_)_s_e_en__a_t_a__d_is_t_a_n_c_e______.
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4 impress vt.使铭记;使印象深刻 [佳句背诵] ①The little boy impressed me with his big, bright eyes the first time I saw him. 第一次见到这个小男孩时,他明亮的大眼睛就给我留下了深 刻的印象。 ②The first time she visited Guilin, she was deeply impressed by/with/at the scenery there. 她第一次去桂林参观时,那里的景色给她留下了非常深刻的 印象。
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——单句语法填空/单句改错 ①It is especially important to make a good first __im__p_r_e_s_si_o_n_ (impress) at a job interview. ② Mr. Wang, a professor from America, made an _i_m__p_r_e_ss_i_v_e_ (impress) speech on American Literature in the hall last night. ③What impress me most is that whenever he appears in front of others he often wears a big smile. _i_m__p_r_e_ss_→__i_m_p_r_e_s_s_e_s __
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(1)impress sb.(with sth.)

(某事) 给某人留下印象

impress sth. on/upon sb.

使某人铭记某事

be impressed by/with...

为……所感动;

对……有印象

(2)impression n.

印象

make/leave a(n)...impression on sb.

给某人留下……的印象

(3)impressive adj.

给人印象深刻的;感人的

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——句式升级 (普通表达)I was impressed by/with the beautiful scenery and forgot to go back home in time. (高级表达)__Im__p_r_e_s_se_d__b_y_/_w_i_th__t_h_e_b_e_a_u_t_if_u_l_s_c_e_n_e_r_y______, he forgot to go back home in time. (过去分词短语作状语)
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5 settle down 定居;平静下来;专心于;舒服地坐下/躺下 [佳句背诵] ①(江西卷)They put up the tent, and settled down to eat the sandwiches. 他们搭起帐篷,舒服地坐下来享受三明治。 ②Don’t just waste your precious time; settle down to some reading or something. 不要把大好时光浪费掉,坐下来读点书或做点别的什么事儿。
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——单句语法填空/单句改错 ①(2017·天津卷)Mr. and Mrs. Brown would like to see their daughter settle d__o_w_n_,get married, and have kids. ②People expect that the talk will lead to the __se_t_t_le_m__e_n_t_ (settle) to the problem. ③The problem is not so easy as you think. It is far from ___b_e_in__g_s_e_tt_l_ed__ (settle). ④Something is bothering him, so he can’t settle down to read a book.__r_ea_d__→__re_a_d_i_n_g_
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(1)settle down to (doing) sth. (2)settle vt. vi. (3)settlement n. settler n.

安下心来去做某事; 专心(做)某事 使定居;安排;解决; 使平静 定居;和解;决定 安顿;定居;解决; 协议 移民;殖民者

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——句式升级 (普通表达)There are a lot of difficult problems to settle, so the newly?elected president is having a hard time. (高级表达)___W__i_t_h_a__lo_t_o_f__d_if_f_ic_u_l_t_p_r_o_b_l_em__s_t_o__se_t_t_le______, the newly?elected president is having a hard time.(with 复合 结构)
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6 catch sight of 看见;瞥见 [佳句背诵] ①Don’t let me catch sight of you doing such kind of foolish things again! 不要让我再看到你做那种愚蠢的事情! ②Suddenly, I caught sight of my English teacher in the crowd. 突然,在人群中我看到了英语老师。
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——单句语法填空/单句改错 ①(上海卷)__A_t first sight,there is nothing special about the watch,but in fact it is a mobile phone. ②When we arrived,there wasn’t any person __in_/_w_i_th__in__ sight. ③ Only a short ? sighted man will lose sight _o_f_ the importance of education. ④(天津卷)At the railway station, the mother waved goodbye to her daughter until the train was out of the sight. ___去__掉___s_ig_h_t__前__的__t_h_e____
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come into sight lose sight of out of sight in/within sight at first sight at the sight of

进入视线,映入眼帘 看不见;忽略;忘记 看不见 看得见;在眼前 乍一看;初看时 一看见……就
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——词汇升级 (普通表达)As soon as he saw his mother, the little boy cried suddenly. ( 高 级 表 达 )___A_t_t_h_e_s_i_g_h_t_o_f__ his mother, the little boy ___b_u_r_s_t_i_n_to__te_a_r_s___.
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[教材佳句] Rather than take the aeroplane all the way,they decided to fly to Vancouver and then take the train from west to east across Canada. 她们不想一路乘飞机,而是决定先飞到温哥华,再从西海岸 乘火车横穿加拿大到达东海岸。
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句中的 rather than 是连词,前后一般应为名词、代词、 动名词、形容词、谓语动词、动词不定式、介词短语,甚至 分句等, 意为“而不是”“而没有”。
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[佳句背诵] ①(2015·湖南卷书面表达)At the same time, I made up my mind to study harder rather than waste precious time on those useless things,such as playing video games and chatting online. 同时,我下决心更加努力学习而不是把宝贵的时间浪费在像 玩电脑游戏和网上聊天这些无用的事情上。 ②(安徽卷)What we expect from you is working hard rather than hardly working. 我们希望你努力工作,而不是几乎不工作。
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——单句语法填空/单句改错 ①(浙江卷)Facing up to your problems rather than __ru__n_n_in_g_
(run) away from them is the best approach to working things out. ②—What a terrible collision accident! —Judging from the scene, personally, it is one or two car
drivers, rather than the truck driver, who _a_r_e_ (be) to blame. ③ (2018·汉 中 模 拟 )Rather than discussing all of these
questions at length, we prefer to focus on the impact of the heavy snow.__d_i_sc_u_s_s_i_n_g_→__d_is_c_u_s_s__ ④ He worked till late last night, and rather, early this morning._a_n_d_→__o_r_
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(1)

prefer to do sth.rather than do sth.??宁愿做某事而

would do sth.rather than do sth. would rather do sth.than do sth.

???不愿做某事

(2)or rather

更确切地说

other than

除……之外

(常用于否定句中)

more than

超过;多于

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[名师点津] rather than 连接两个名词或代词作主语时,谓 语动词应与 rather than 前面的名词或代词在人称和数上保 持一致。
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——一句多译 许多孩子宁可宅在家里上网也不愿意出去与其他人面对面交 流。 ① Many children __w_o_u_l_d__st_a_y__a_t _h_o_m__e__ going online ____r_a_th__er__th__a_n_g_o__o_u_t_t_o_c_o_m__m_u_n__ic_a_t_e_w__it_h____ others face to face. (would do sth. rather than do sth.) ② Many children __w_o_u_l_d__ra_t_h_e_r_s_t_a_y_a_t__h_o_m_e____ going online __th_a_n__g_o__o_u_t_t_o_c_o_m__m_u_n_i_c_a_t_e_w_i_t_h_____ others face to face. (would rather do sth. than do sth.) ③Many children __p_re_f_e_r_t_o_s_t_a_y_a_t__h_o_m_e_____ going online ___r_a_t_h_e_r_t_h_a_n__g_o_o_u_t_t_o__co_m__m__u_n_i_c_a_te__w_i_th_____ others face to face. (prefer to do sth. rather than do sth.)
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