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# SLIDE软件说明翻译

SLIDE软件基本介绍说明
SLIDE is a 2D slope stability program for evaluating the safety factor or probability of failure, of circular or non-circular failure surfaces in soil or rock slopes. SLIDE is very simple to use, and yet complex models can be created and analyzed quickly and easily. External loading, groundwater and support can all be modeled in a variety of ways. SLIDE 是一个计算土、石质二维边坡稳定的程序，可计算边坡的安全系数、可能的破 坏、可分析圆弧与非圆弧的潜在破坏滑动面。SLIDE 非常便于操作应用，即使复杂的模型 也可以迅速简便的建立和计算分析。外界荷载、地下水、支撑物都可以用不同的方式模拟。 SLIDE analyzes the stability of slip surfaces using vertical slice limit equilibrium methods (eg. Bishop, Janbu, Spencer etc). Individual slip surfaces can be analyzed, or search methods can be applied to locate the critical slip surface for a given slope. Deterministic (safety factor) or probabilistic (probability of failure) analyses can be carried out. SLIDE 应用建立在极限平衡上面的竖向条分法 （例如 Bishop, Janbu, Spencer 等不同的 方法）来计算边坡的稳定。各滑动面可以计算分析，由搜索算法确定所计算边坡的最危险潜 在破坏滑动面位置。确定性的数据（安全系数）或者可靠性分析均可以进行。

Features include: 具有如下特点：
1 Critical surface search methods for circular or non-circular slip surfaces 搜寻圆弧与非圆弧滑动面； 2 Analysis methods include Bishop, Janbu, Spencer, GLE / Morgenstern-Price. 分析方法包括 Bishop, Janbu, Spencer, GLE / Morgenstern-Price 3 Multiple materials 多种材料模型 4 Anisotropic, non-linear Mohr-Coulomb materials 非均质、非线性 Mohr-Coulomb 材料本构 5 Probabilistic analysis ?calculate probability of failure, reliability index (see below) 可靠性分析：分析边坡失稳的可能性，确定可靠指标（具体见下边） 6 Sensitivity Analysis 灵敏度分析 7 Groundwater－piezo surfaces, Ru factors, pore pressure grids, finite element groundwater analysis (see below), Bbar factor (excess pore pressure) 地下水计算分析，孔隙压力计算，应用有限元方法计算地下水问题，超孔隙水压力计算问 题； 8 Tension crack (dry or water filled) 拉力裂缝（干土或者含水） 9 External loading ?line, distributed or seismic 外界荷载作用：线性的、分布的、及地震荷载 10 Support －soil nails, tiebacks, geotextiles, piles. Infinite strength (slip surface exclusion) zones 岩土加强：土钉、锚拉结构、土工合成材料、桩、强度无穷大区域（即不发生滑动破坏区 域） 11 Back analysis of required support force for a given safety factor 根据所需要最终达到的安全系数进行反演分析 12 View any or all surfaces generated by search 可观看所有在搜索过程中的滑动面

13 Detailed analysis results can be plotted for individual slip surfaces 对每一计算滑动面的详细计算信息予以输出查看

Groundwater Analysis with SLIDE SLIDE 中的地下水分析
A complete steady state finite element groundwater (seepage) modeling, analysis and data interpretation program, is built right in to the SLIDE program. See the Groundwater Analysis with SLIDE topic for more information. 在SLIDE软件中已经内含了一个计算分析地下水的完整有限元程序，可在Groundwater Analysis with SLIDE中找到更多的信息；

Probabilistic Slope Stability with SLIDE SLIDE 中的边坡稳定可靠性计算
SLIDE also has extensive probabilistic modeling and analysis features. Nearly all model input parameters can be defined as random variables, so that a probability of failure or reliability index may be calculated. Sensitivity Analysis can also be carried out. See the Probabilistic Analysis Overview topic for more information. 在SLIDE软件中同样内含丰富的边坡可靠性建模计算功能特性。几乎所有的材料输入性 能参数可定义为随机变量，因此可进行相应可靠性、灵敏度分析。更为详尽的内容请参照 Probabilistic Analysis Overview。

SLIDE Program Overview
（SLIDE 程序概要）
The SLIDE software package consists of 3 separate programs: SLIDE 软件包由三个独立的程序组成： MODEL－the pre-processing program used for entering and editing the model boundaries, loads, material properties, and slip surface definition, and saving the input file MODEL（建模） ：前处理程序，用于输入和编辑计算模型的边界条件、荷载、材料性 质、定义滑动面、记录输入文件； COMPUTE —the limit equilibrium analysis engine COMPUTE —应用极限平衡原理计算； INTERPRET －the post-processing program, used for viewing the results of the analysis INTERPRET—后处理程序，用于观察和使用计算分析的结果； MODEL, COMPUTE and INTERPRET will each run as standalone programs. However, they are fully integrated, and interact with each other as illustrated in the schematic below. MODEL, COMPUTE 和 INTERPRET 应用时各程序独立运行，但是它们是完全的整体， 互相之间的联系如同下边的图例所示（附图略） ： COMPUTE and INTERPRET can both be started from within MODEL. COMPUTE 和 INTERPRET 均可以从 MODEL 开始运行 COMPUTE must be run on a file before results can be analyzed with INTERPRET (red arrow) 在使用 INTERPRET 之前必须是在 COMPUTE 已经计算得到了某个文件计算结果的基础 上。 MODEL can be started from INTERPRET. MODEL 可以由 INTERPRET 开始启动。

Groundwater Analysis with SLIDE
（SLIDE 中的地下水分析）
Within the SLIDE program, SLIDE has the capability to carry out a finite element based groundwater seepage analysis, for saturated / unsaturated, steady state flow conditions. 在 SLIDE 程序中，具有基于有限元（FEM）方法的地下水渗流分析：可计算饱和/非饱 和土、稳态渗流条件。 The Groundwater Analysis in SLIDE allows the user to easily define and analyze a groundwater problem, using the same model as for the slope stability problem. The boundaries of the problem only need to be defined once, and will be used for both the groundwater analysis and the slope stability analysis. 在 SLIDE 程序中用户可以方便的定义和分析计算地下水问题，应用与边坡稳定问题同 样的模型。所求解问题的边界只需要一次定义即可，可以既用于地下水分析，也可以用于边 坡稳定分析。 Although the SLIDE groundwater analysis is geared towards the calculation of pore pressures for slope stability problems, it is not restricted to slope geometry configurations. The Groundwater modeling and analysis capabilities in SLIDE, can be used to analyze an arbitrary, 2-dimensional groundwater problem, for saturated / unsaturated, steady state flow conditions. 尽管 SLIDE 中的地下水分析涉及到了边坡稳定问题所设计到的孔隙水压力问题，但是 并不完全局限于边坡问题范围内。SLIDE 具有模拟和分析任意形式的二维饱和/非饱和土、 稳态渗流的地下水问题。 The groundwater analysis capability in SLIDE can be considered a completely self contained groundwater analysis program, and can be used entirely independently of the slope stability functionality of SLIDE. SLIDE 所具有的地下水问题计算能力可以认为是一个完全独立的单独地下水分析程序， 可以完全的独立于 SLIDE 的边坡稳定问题之外进行计算。 Groundwater Modeling（地下水分析建模） The groundwater modeling options in SLIDE, are all contained within the SLIDE MODEL program. 全部建模功能包含于 SLIDE MODEL 程序中； In order to enable groundwater modeling, it is first necessary to set the Groundwater Method in Project Settings to Finite Element Analysis. When you do this: 为进行地下水分析建模，首先应该在 Project Settings 中将 Groundwater Method 设置为 Finite Element Analysis，当你这样做时： an Analysis Mode option will be available, which allows you to select either Slope Stability analysis mode, or Groundwater analysis mode. 会出现一个分析模式选择，允许你选择是进行边坡稳定分析还是地下水分析模式； When you are in Groundwater analysis mode, the menu and toolbar will present all of the necessary groundwater modeling options. 当你选择地下水分析时，菜单和工具栏会提供进行地下水分析建模所需要的选项； For a summary of the steps necessary to carry out a groundwater analysis with SLIDE, see the Groundwater Overview topic. 在 SLIDE 中的地下水计算分析的必要步骤可在 Groundwater Overview topic 中查看；

Groundwater Compute（地下水计算）
The groundwater analysis engine in SLIDE is a separate program from the slope stability analysis engine. You may perform a groundwater analysis in SLIDE, without necessarily performing a slope stability analysis. 在 SLIDE 中进行地下水计算分析程序是独立于边坡稳定分析程序的。在进行地下水计 算分析时不必进行边坡的稳定性分析。 However, after a groundwater analysis is performed, the results (pore pressures), can be automatically utilized by the slope stability analysis engine in SLIDE. 但当地下水计算分析完成后、计算结果（孔隙水压力）可以自动的被 SLIDE 中的边坡 稳定分析程序所使用。

Groundwater Interpret（计算结果使用及处理）
The results of a SLIDE groundwater analysis, are viewed with the SLIDE INTERPRET program, and can be viewed at the same time as the slope stability analysis results. SLIDE 中的地下水计算结果，可以在 SLIDE 中的 INTERPRET 程序中查看，而且可以 同时对照查看边坡稳定性能的计算结果。 After you perform a groundwater analysis with SLIDE, it is always a good idea to first use the SLIDE INTERPRET program, to check that the analysis results are reasonable, before you proceed to a slope stability analysis. If not, then you should go back to the SLIDE MODEL program, and check that you have defined your model correctly. 当你在 SLIDE 中进行完成一个地下水计算分析时，一个好的建议是首先用 SLIDE INTERPRET 程序查看计算结果是否合理，然后再进行相应的边坡稳定分析。否则、你应该 回到 SLIDE MODEL 程序中检查你建立的模型是否正确。

Probabilistic Analysis with Slide
（SLIDE 中的概率分析）
In a traditional slope stability analysis, it is assumed that the values of all model input parameters, are exactly known. This type of analysis can be referred to as a DETERMINISTIC analysis, and results in the location of slip surfaces with a minimum Factor of Safety. 在传统的边坡稳定分析中、假定所有模型的输入参数是精确的，这种计算可以成为确 定性计算分析，按照最小安全系数确定滑动面位置。 A PROBABILISTIC slope stability analysis can be carried out with SLIDE. In a probabilistic slope stability analysis, the user may assign statistical distributions to model input parameters, such as material properties, support properties, loads, water table location, etc. 在 SLIDE 中可以实现可靠性分析计算。在边坡的可靠性计算分析中，用户可以指定模 型输入参数的统计分布例如材料性能、支撑性能、荷载、水位线位置等等。 By assigning a statistical distribution to one or more model input parameters, this allows the user to account for the degree of uncertainty in the value of the parameters. This results in a distribution of safety factors, and allows the user to determine a Probability of Failure (or Reliability Index) for the slope. 通过指定一个或者多个模型输入参数的统计学分布，用户可以说明和指定参数数值的 不确定性，允许用户确定边坡的失效破坏可能性（后者可靠指标） See the Probabilistic Analysis Overview topic for more information 可在Probabilistic Analysis Overview topic中查看相应的更多信息。

SLIDE Documentation
（SLIDE 的技术文档）
The documentation for the SLIDE program is organized as follows. NOTE that all documentation is available in PDF (portable document format). The PDF documents are available when you install SLIDE on your computer. They are also available from the Rocscience website (www.rocscience.com). The PDF documents can be printed, if you wish to have a paper copy of any SLIDE documentation. SLIDE的技术文档按照如下的说明组织：所有的文档均采用PDF格式，随你的SLIDE安 装同时可用。你也可以在Rocscience的网站(www.rocscience.com)上面查阅。这些PDF格式的 文档在你想要纸质拷贝的时候可以打印。 SLIDE User’s Guide (TUTORIALS) （SLIDE 用户指南） This is the paper manual supplied with the program. It contains a number of step-by-step tutorials, illustrating most of the basic modeling and data interpretation features of SLIDE. 是所提供的一份纸质手册。包含了几个一步步的教学实例，说明了 SLIDE 大部分基本 建模和计算结果数据应用的特性。 Additional SLIDE Tutorials （附加的 SLIDE 指南） Additional SLIDE tutorials, covering more advanced or specialized features of the program, such as Probabilistic Analysis, are also available as PDF documents. 附加的 SLIDE 指南涉及的是程序的大部分高级或者特有的技术特性、例如可靠性分析， 同样采用 PDF 格式。 SLIDE Help system (REFERENCE)（SLIDE 的帮助系统） The SLIDE Help system contains detailed reference information on all of the options in SLIDE (modeling and data interpretation). SLIDE 的帮助系统包含了详细的各个选项的帮助信息（建模和结果数据应用） 。 SLIDE Verification Manual (VERIFICATION)（SLIDE 的验证手册） Verification examples are documented in the SLIDE Verification Manual (Part1 and Part2), and the SLIDE Groundwater Verification Manual. 验 证 算 例 在 SLIDE Verification Manual (Part1 and Part2) 和 SLIDE Groundwater Verification Manual中。

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