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2011上海高考英语试卷


2011 年全国普通高等学校招生统一考试 上海 英语试卷 第 I 卷 (共 105 分) I. Section A Directions: In Section A; you will hear ten short conversations between two speakers. At the end of each conversation, a question will Listening comprehension:

be asked about what was said. The conversations and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a conversation and the question about it, read the four possible answers on your paper, and decide which one is the best answer to the question you have heard. 1. 2. 3. A. At a train station. B. At an airport C. At a travel agency D. At a bus station. A. $5. B. $10. C. $15. B. Salesperson and customer. D. Waiter and diner. B. Dissatisfied. C. Bored. D. Exhausted. D. $50.

A. Receptionist and guest. C. Doctor and patient.

4. 5.

A. Excited.

A. Her hair has changed. C. She prefers to wear long hair.

B. She isn’t satisfied with her hair style. D. The man has changed his hair style. B. He will go to bed in five minutes.

6.

A. It is too early to watch the Talent Show.

C. He would rather watch TV than go to bed. D. He is old enough to stay up. 7. A. She has got everything ready. C. She hates packing by herself. 8. A. They should wait for John for a while. B. She never hesitates over what to take. D. She needs more time for packing. B. They should stay here for the night.

C. They should start the meeting right away. D. They should call John at once. 9. A. She is unwilling to move into a new flat. B. Her neighbors get along well with her. C. She can’t tell the man why she is moving. 10. A. Ask for directions. C. Go back for the map. D. Her neighbors usually play their TV loud.

B. Try a different route. D. Cancel their trip.

Section B Directions: In Section B, you will hear two short passages, and you will be asked to questions on each of the passages. The passages will be read twice, but the questions will spoken only once. When you hear a question, read the four possible answers on your paper decide which one would be the blest answer to the question you have heard. Questions 11 through 13 are based on the following passage. 11. A. A political system. B. Religion. C. Working language. D. Race.

12. A. Discuss current issues. C. Attend an arts and crafts competition. 13. A. The Commonwealth Games. C. The Commonwealth members.

B. Join in a writing competition. D. Celebrate their friendship. B. An important holiday. D. An international association.

Questions 14 through 16 are based on the following news. 14. A. Equipping students with knowledge. C. Developing students’ habits of mind. 15. A. The ability to have critical analysis. C. Logical use of information. 16. A. Goals to reach in a college education. C. Qualifications needed for a job. B. Qualifying students for certain jobs. D. Helping students to go to graduate school. B. Creative use of leisure time. D. Willingness to accept uncertainty. B. Roles of knowledge in students’ growth. D. Importance of after-class activities.

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Section C Directions: In Section C, you will hear two longer conversations. The conversations will be read twice. After you hear each conversation, you are required to fill in the numbered blanks with the information you have heard. Write your answers on your answer sheet. Blanks 17 through 20 are based on the following conversation. Complete the form. Write ONE WORD for each answer. Complaint Caller: Phone No.: Location of Problem: Details: Mary White ______17_______. A ___18_____ restaurant , 449 Shanghai Street It dumps its _____19_____ on the street. It doesn’t put bottles and cans in ____20____ bins. Form

Blanks 21 through 24 are based on the following conversation. Complete the form. Write NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS for each answer. How long does short memory last? What is an example of medium term memory? What is long term memory concerned with? How is long term memory different from the others? It lasts only ___21_____. Buying bread, a sort of ___22___ of things to do. ___23____ that happen in your life such as your wedding. It _____24_____.

II.Grammar and Vocabulary Section A Directions: Beneath each of the following sentences there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the one answer that best completes the sentence. 25. Graduation is a good time to thank those who have helped you ______ the tough yeas. A. through B. up C. with D. from

26. To stay awake, he finished a cup of coffee and ordered ______. A. the other B. other C. the others D. another

27. It’s no use ____________ without taking action. A. complain B. complaining C. being complained D. to be complained

28. I _____ worry about my weekend --- I always have my plans ready before it comes. A. can’t B. mustn’t C. daren’t D. needn’t

29. When Mom looked back on the early days of their marriage, she wondered how they had managed with ______ money. A. so few B. such few C. so little D. such little

30. It doesn’t matter if they want to come to your party, _______? A. doesn’t it B. does it C. don’t they D. do they

31. After getting lost in a storm, a member of the navy team _____ four days later. A. rescued B. was rescued C. has rescued D. had been rescued

32. The rare fish, _____ from the cooking pot, has been returned to the sea. A. saved B. saving C. to be saved D. having saved

33. At one point I made up my mind to talk to Uncle Sam. Then I changed my mind, ____ that he could do nothing to help. A. to realize B. realized C. realizing D. being realized

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34. Did you predict that many students ______ up for the dance competition? A. would sign B. signed C. have signed D. had signed

35. There is clear evidence _____ the most difficult feeling of all to interpret is bodily pain. A. what B. if C. how D. that

36. If a lot of people say a film is not good, I won’t bother to see it, or I’ll wait ____ it comes out on DVD. A. whether B. after C. though D. until

37. The police officers in our city work hard _____ the rest of us can live a safe life. A. in case B. as if C. in order that D. only if

38. The message you intend to convey through words may be the exact opposite of _____ others actually understand. A. why B. that C. which D. what

39. You’ll find taxis waiting at the bus station ____ you can hire to reach your host family. A. which B. where C. when D. as

40. Today we have chat rooms, text messaging, emailing… but we seem _____ the art of communicating face- to- face. A. losing B. to be losing C. to be lost D. having lost

Section B Directions: Complete the following passage by using the words in the box. Each word can only be used once. Note that there is one word more than you need. A. launched F. coating B. unpleasant G. fixed C. applying H. miraculously D. technically I. superior E. impact J. advances

How would you like to wear the same underwear(内衣裤) for weeks? Owing to the work that has gone into developing intelligent materials, this may not be as __41__ as it sounds. Self-cleaning clothes have now been created, and these new materials provide __42__ resistance to dirt as well as water. As a result, they require much less cleaning than traditional materials. The creation of self-cleaning clothes provides an example of how nature helps scientists develop better products. This self-cleaning nature is known as the “lotus effect”. The name comes , of course, from the lotus leaves, which are famous for growing in muddy lakes and rivers while remaining almost ___43___ clean. By observing nature, scientists are ___44___ the qualities of the lotus leaves to the materials they have engineered. Because of this, some remarkable new products have been ___45___. Among them are special windows that are resistant to dirt and water. A special ___46____ on these windows not only prevents dirt from sticking to their surfaces, but also allows dust to be easily washed off by the rain. In fact, these new windows have already been __47___ to some cars. Even when traveling at high speed through rain, these cars never have to use their windshield wipers (雨刮器)。 Although we have already seen some practical applications, even more dramatic ___48___ will be made in the future, and they will, perhaps, change our world completely. Undoubtedly, technology is an important development, and it will have an even bigger __49____ on our lives.

III.Reading Comprehension Section A Directions: For each blank in the following passage there are four words or phrases marked A, B, C and D. Fill in each blank with the word or phrase that fits the context. Everyone in business has been told that success is all about attracting and retaining(留住) customers. It sounds simple and achievable. But, ___50__, words of wisdom are soon forgotten. Once companies have attracted customers they often __51___ the second half of the story. In the excitement of beating off the competition, negotiating prices, securing orders, and delivering the product, managers tend to become carried away. They forget what they regard as the boring side of business ---___52___ that the customer

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remains a customer. ___53__ to concentrate on retaining as well as attracting customers costs business huge amounts of money annually. It has been estimated that the average company loses between 10 and 30 per cent of its customers every years. In constantly changing __54___ , this is not surprising. What is surprising is the fact that few companies have any idea how many customers they have lost. Only now are organizations beginning to wake up to those lost opportunities and calculate the __55___ implications. Cutting down the number of customers a company loses can make a big ___56___ in its performance. Research in the US found that a five per cent decrease in the number of defecting(流失的) customers led to __57__ increases of between 25 and 85 per cent. In the US, Domino’s Pizza estimates that a regular customer is worth more than $5,000 over ten years. A customer who receives a poor quality product or service on their first visit and __58__ never returns, is losing the company thousands of dollars in __59__ profits (more if you consider how many people they are likely to tell about their bad experience). The logic behind cultivating customer ___60___ is impossible to deny. “In practice most companies’ marketing effort is focused on getting customers, with little attention paid to __61__ them”, says Adrian Payne of Cornfield University’ School of Management. “Research suggests that there is a close relationship between retaining customers and making profits. __62__ customers tend to buy more, are predictable and usually cost less to service than new customers. Furthermore, they tend to be less price __63__ , and may provide free word-of –mouth advertising. Retaining customers also makes it __64__ for competitors to enter a market or increase their share of a market. 50. A. in particular 51. A. emphasize 52. A. denying 53. A. Moving 54. A. markets 55. A. culture 56. A. promise 57. A. cost 58. A. as a result 59. A. huge 60. A. beliefs 61. A. altering 62. A. Assumed 63. A. agreeable 64. A. unfair B. in reality B. doubt B. ensuring B. Hoping B. tastes B. social B. plan B. opportunity B. on the whole B. potential B. loyalty B. understanding B. Respected B. flexible B. difficult C. at least C. overlook C. arguing C. Starting C. prices C. financial C. mistake C. profit C. in conclusion C. extra C. habits C. keeping C. Established C. friendly C. essential D. first of all D. believe D. proving D. Failing D. expenses D. economical D. difference D. budget D. on the contrary D. reasonable D. interest D. attracting D. Unexpected D. sensitive D. convenient

Section B Directions: Read the following four passages. Each passage is followed by several questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the one that fits best according to the information given in the passage you have just read. (A) The teacher who did the most to encourage me was, as it happened, my aunt. She was Myrtle C. Manigault, the wife of my mother’s brother Bill. She taught in second grade at all-black Summer School in Camden, New Jersey. During my childhood and youth, Aunt Myrtle encouraged me to develop every aspect of my potential, without regard for what was considered practical or possible for black females. I liked to sing; she listened to my voice and pronounced it good. I couldn’t dance; she taught me the basic dancing steps. She took me to the theatre ____ not just children’s theatre but adult comedies and dramas --- and her faith that I could appreciate adult plays was not disappointed. My aunt also took down books from her extensive library and shared them with me. I had books at home, but they were all serious

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classics. Even as a child I had a strong liking for humor, and I’ll never forget the joy of discovering Don Marquis’s Archy & Mehitabel through her. Most important, perhaps, Aunt Myrtle provided my first opportunity to write for publication. A writer herself for one of the black newspapers, she suggested my name to the editor as a “youth columnist”. My column, begun when I was fourteen, was supposed to cover teenage social activities---and it did---but it also gave me the freedom to write on many other subjects as well as the habit of gathering material, the discipline of meeting deadlines, and, after graduation from college six years later, a solid collection of published material that carried my name and was my passport to a series of writing jobs. Today Aunt Myrtle is still an enthusiastic supporter of her “favorite niece”. Like a diamond, she has reflected a bright, multifaceted(多面的) image of possibilities to every pupil who has crossed her path. 65. Which of the following did Aunt Myrtle do to the author during her childhood and youth? A. She lent her some serious classics. B. She cultivated her taste for music.

C. She discovered her talent for dancing. D. She introduced her to adult plays. 66. What does Archy & Mehitabel in Paragraph 3 probably refer to? A. A book of great fun. C. A serious masterpiece. B. A writer of high fame. D. A heartbreaking play.

67. Aunt Myrtle recommended the author to a newspaper editor mainly to ____. A. develop her capabilities for writing. B. give her a chance to collect material

C. involve her in teenage social activities D. offer her a series of writing jobs. 68. We can conclude from the passage that Aunt Myrtle was a teacher who _____. A. trained pupils to be diligent and well-disciplined B. gave pupils confidence in exploiting their potential C. emphasized what was practical or possible for pupils D. helped pupils overcome difficulties in learning

(B) Humpback whales Blowhole dorsal fin

tail flukes

Quick Facts
Size: 14m-18m in length; 30-50 tons in weight Living: Open ocean and shallow coastline waters Environment: From warm tropical(热带的) waters, where they breed, to cold polar waters, where they eat Diet: Shellfish, plants and fish of small size Hunting: Sometimes in groups,
in which several whales form a circle under the water, blowing bubbles that form a “net” around a school of fish. The fish are then forced up to the surface in a concentrated

Pectoral fin Humpback whales are sometimes called performers of the ocean. This is because they can make impressive movements when they dive. The name “humpback”, which is the common name for this whale, refers to the typical curve shape the whale’s back forms as it dives. Sometimes the humpback will dive with a fantastic movement known as a breach. During breaching the whale uses its powerful tail flukes to lift nearly two-thirds of its

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body out of the water in a giant leap. A breach might also include a sideways twist with fins stretched out like wings, as the whale reaches the height of the breach. A humpback whale breathes air at the surface of the Water through two blowholes which are located near the top of the head. It blows a double stream of water that can rise up to 4 meters above the water. The humpback has a small dorsal fin located towards the tail flukes about two-thirds of the way down its back. other distinguishing features include large pectoral fins, which may be up to a third of the body length, and unique black and white spots on the underside of the tail flukes. These markings are like fingerprints: no two are the same. Humpback whales live in large groups. They communicate with each other through complex “songs”. 69. According to Quick Facts, a humpback whale _____. A. cannot survive in waters near the shore C. lives mainly on underwater plants 70. To make a breach, a humpback whale must _____ A. use its tail flukes to leap out of the water B. twist its body sideways t jump high C. blow two streams of water D. communicate with a group of humpbacks B. doesn’t live in the same waters all the time D. prefers t work alone when hunting food

71. From the passage we can learn that a humpback whale ________. A. has its unique markings on its tail flukes C. gets its name from the way it hunts B. has black and white fingerprints D. is a great performer due to its songs

(C) Human remains of ancient settlements will be reburied and lost to science under a law that threatens research into the history of humans in Britain, a group of leading archaeologists(考古学家) says. I a letter addressed to the justice secretary, Ken Clarke, 40 archaeologists write of their “deep and widespread concern” about the issue. It centers on the law introduced by the Ministry of Justice in 2008 which requires all human remains unearthed in England and Wales to be reburied within two years, regardless of their age. The decision means scientists have too little time to study bones and other human remains of national and cultural significance. “Your current requirement that all archaeologically unearthed human remains should be reburied, whether after a standard period of two years or further special extension, is contrary to basic principles of archaeological and scientific research and of museum practice,” they write. The law applies to any pieces of bone uncovered at around 400 dig sites, including the remains of 60 or so bodies found at Stonehenge in 2008 that date back to 3,000 BC. Archaeologists have been granted a temporary extension to give them more time, but eventually the bones will have to be returned to the ground. The arrangements may result in the waste of future discoveries at sites such as Happisburgh in Norfolk, where digging is continuing after the discovery of stone tools made by early humans 950,000 years ago. If human remains were found at Happisburgh, they would be the oldest in northern Europe and the first indication of what this species was. Under the current practice of the law those remains would have to be reburied and effectively destroyed. Before 2008, guidelines allowed for the proper preservation and study of bones of sufficient age and historical interest, while the Burial Act 1857 applied to more recent remains. The Ministry of Justice assured archaeologists two years ago that the law was temporary, but has so far failed to revise it.

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Mike Parker Pearson, an archaeologist at Sheffield University, said: “Archaeologists have been extremely patient because we wee led to believe the ministry was sorting out this problem, but we feel that we cannot wait any longer.” The ministry has no guidelines on where or how remains should be reburied, or on what records should be kept. 72. According to the passage, scientists are unhappy with the law mainly because _________. A. it is only a temporary measure on the human remains B. it is unreasonable and thus destructive to scientific research C. it was introduced by the government without their knowledge D. it is vague about where and how to rebury human remains 73. Which of the following statements is true according to the passage? A. Temporary extension of two years will guarantee scientists enough time. B. Human remains of the oldest species wee dug out at Happisburgh. C. Human remains will have to be reburied despite the extension of time. D. Scientists have been warned that the law can hardly be changed. 74. What can be inferred about the British law governing human remains? A. The Ministry of Justice did not intend it to protect human remains. B. The Burial Act 1857 only applied to remains uncovered before 1857. C. The law on human remains hasn’t changed in recent decades. D. The Ministry of Justice has not done enough about the law. 75. Which of the following might be the best title of the passage? A. New discoveries should be reburied, the government demands. B. Research time should be extended, scientists require. C. Law on human remains needs thorough discussion, authorities say. D. Law could bury ancient secrets for ever, archaeologists warn.

Section C Directions: Read the following text and choose the most suitable heading from A-F for each paragraph. There is one extra heading which you do not need. A. B. C. D. E. F. Manufacturing industry in information economy News in the age of information Argument about individual accounts and their reliability Be your own investigative journalist Don’t believe everything you read in the newspaper Information is presented in an interesting way

76. With the arrival of the age of “information economy”, intellectual work is becoming a more important source of wealth than manufacturing. Organizations in all walks of life are doing more to spread their information. So people of the Public Relations are hired to speak for them. A lot of our news is actually collected from press releases and reports of events intentionally staged for journalists. In the information age, journalists spend their time, not investigating, but passing on the words of a spokesperson. 77. There is a joke in the novel Scoop about the newspaper’s owner, Lord Copper. The editors can never disagree with him. When he is right about something they answer “definitely”, and when he’s wrong, they say “to some extent, Lord Copper.” It seems reasonable to suppose that , in the real world , the opinions of such powerful people still influence the journalists and editors who work for them. 78.

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In countries where the news is not officially controlled, it may be provided by commercial organizations who depend on advertising. The news has to attract viewers and maintain its audience ratings. I suspect that some stories get air-time just because there happen to be exciting pictures to show. In Britain, we have the tabloid newspapers which millions of people read simply for entertainment. There is progressively less room for historical background, or statistics, which are harder to present as a sensational story. 79. There is an argument that with spreading access to the internet and cheap technology for recording sound and images we will all be able to find exactly the information we want. People around the world will be able to publish their own eye-witness accounts and compete with the widely-accepted news-gatherers on equal terms. But what it will mean also is that we’ll be subjected to a still greater amount of nonsense and lies. Any web log may contain the least information of the year, or equally, a made-up story that you will never be able to check. 80. Maybe the time has come to do something about it, and I don’t just mean changing your choice of TV channel or newspaper. In a world where everyone wants you to listen to their version, you only have two choices: switch off altogether or start looking for sources you can trust. The investigative journalist of the future is everyone who wants to know the truth.

Section D Directions: Read the passage carefully.Then answer the questions or complete the statements in the fewest possible words.

Sociologists have long recognized that organizations of less than 200 individuals can operate through the free flow of information among the members. Once their size goes beyond this figure, the organizations are getting less flexible. So it seems necessary t prevent total disorder resulting from failures of communication. One solution to this problem would, of course, be to structure large organizations into smaller units of a size that can act as a group. By allowing these groups to build reliance on each other, larger organizations can be built up. However, merely having groups of, say, 150 will never of itself be a complete solution to the problems of the organization. Something else is needed: the people involved must be able to build direct personal relationships. To allow free flow of information, they have to be able to communicate with each other in a casual way. Maintaining too formal a structure of relationships inevitably presents the way a system works. The importance of this was drawn to my attention two years ago by the case of a TV station. Whether by chance or by design, it so happened that there were almost exactly 150 people in the station. The whole process worked very smoothly as an organization for many years until they were moved into purpose-built accommodation. Then, for no apparent reason, the work seemed to be more difficult to do, not to say less satisfying. It was some time before they worked out what the problem was. It turned out that , when the architects were designing the new building, they decided that the coffee room where everyone ate their sandwiches at lunch times was an unnecessary luxury and so did away with it. And with that, they accidentally destroyed the close social networks that strengthened the whole organization. What had apparently been happening was that , as people gathered informally over their sandwiches in the coffee room, useful information was casually being exchanged.

(Note: Answer the questions or complete the statements in NO MORE THAN EIGHT WORDS) 81. What size of an organization may lead to communication failures?

82. What are the two solutions to the communication problem within a large organization?

83. After the TV station moved into new accommodation, its operation ________.

84. From the case of the TV station, we can conclude it is ___________ that make(s) an organization more successful.

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第Ⅱ卷(共 45 分)

I.Translation Directions : Translate the following sentences into English, using the words given in the brackets. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 你为什么不在网上订票呢? (Why) 我常把王海误认为他的双胞胎弟弟, 因为他们长得太像了。 (mistake) 对父母而言, 没有什么能与孩子的身心健康相比。 (compare) 自从出国留学后, 她就不再和我们保持联系了。 (No longer) 如果能找到任何适合你的学习方法, 你的学习效率就可能明显提高。 (whatever)

II.Guided Writing Directions: Write an English composition in 120---150 words according to the instructions given below in Chinese. 假如你是启明中学(Ming Qi Middle School)的李明,想申请一个扶贫项目,帮助贫困地区的儿童。根据以下启事,写一 封申请信(信中不能提到真实姓名和学校) 。

启事
国际儿童基金会将资助中学生开展扶贫项目,以帮助贫困 地区的儿童。申请成功者将获得项目经费 2000 元。 有意者请来信告知: 1) 你个人的基本情况; 2) 你对申请项目的基本设想; 3) 项目经费的使用计划。 联系方式: 年6月7日 2011hope@icf.org 2011

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