Unit 10 Frightening Nature 知能聚焦 language focuses 单 frightening; hurricane; astronomy; terrify; erupt; flee; urge; meanwhile; 词 severely; heart-breaking; steady; knock about; afterwards; unbelievable; 和 awake; whisper; appropriate ;wonder; at hand; start out; call for; a bit 短 of/ bits of; on the other side of; upon arrival; calm down; a sheet 语 of/sheets of; light up; a rain of; pick out; full-powered; all of a sudden. 重 要 句 型 语 法 和 话 题 (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) I’m afraid of?(我害怕??) She is scared to death.(她吓得要死。 ) I’m frightened to death by ? (我被??吓得 要死。 ) draw one’s attention to ? (提醒某人注意??) watch sb./sth. doing? (观看某人/物正在做??) beg sb. to do sth. (恳求某人做??) a) grammar: ellipsis b) functional items: Talking about natural disasters happened in the past Learn to leave out already-known information when speaking Debating 课前热身 Warming up 1) 背景知识: Thousands of years ago, in the middle of an ocean, miles from the nearest island, an undersea volcano broke out. The hot liquid piled(堆积) higher and higher and spread(延伸) wider and wider. In this way, an island rose up in the sea. As time went on, hot sun and cool rains made the rock split and break to pieces. Sea waves dashed against the rock. In this way, soil and sand came into being. Nothing lived on the naked soil. And then the wind and birds brought plant seeds, spiders and other little creatures there. Only plants could grow first. Only they, in sunlight, could produce food from the minerals of the soil, water and air. While many animals landed on the island, they could find no food. A spider spun its web in vain, because there were no insects for its web to catch. Insects couldn't stay until there were plants for them to eat. So plants had to be the pioneer life on this new island. 判断正误: ( )1. The passage mainly talks about how an undersea volcano broke out. ( )2. The island got its first soil from cool rains. ( )3. The word naked (in paragraph 3) means “new”. ( )4. The order of coming into being on the island is soil, plants and animals. ( )5. Spiders were the first life that could live on the island. 答案:1.× 2.√ 3.× 4.√ 5.× 1 读写指导 Instructions for reading and writing Reading In this letter, there are 7 paragraphs in all and they can be divided into 3 parts. Part 1. (para.1) The author tells us why he writes the letter and what the letter is about. Part 2. (para.2-6) The author talks about the details of the whole story --What he saw and heard in the process of the volcano eruption and the death of his un

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