武汉二中 2015-2016 学年度上学期期末考试 高二英语试卷
考试时间:2016 年 1 月 27 日上午 14：00—16：00 试卷满分：150 分 第一卷（选择题 满分 100 分） 第一部分 听力（共两节，满分 30 分） 做题时，先将答案标在试卷上。录音内容结束后，你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答案转涂到答案卡上。 第一节（共 5 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 7.5 分） 听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一个小题，从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最佳选项，并标在试卷的 相应位置。听完每段对话后，你都有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题，每段对话仅读一遍。 1. What is the man? A. A ticket seller. B. A passenger. C. A writer. 2. What did the woman do last Saturday? A. She saw a play. B . She acted in a play. C. She went to the tea house. 3. Where did this conversation most probably take place? A. At a cinema. B. At home. C. At a restaurant. 4. How much should the woman pay for the books? A. Ten yuan. B. Twenty yuan. C. Thirty yuan. 5. What is the weather like today? A. Rainy. B. Cloudy. C. Sunny. 第二节（共 15 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 22.5 分） 听下面 5 段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题，从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最佳选项， 并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前，你将有时间阅读各个小题，每小题 5 秒钟；听完后，各小题将给 出 5 秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。 听第 6 段材料，回答第 6、7 题。 6. When is the man going to start his vacation? A. Aug 10. B. Aug 20. C. Aug 30. 7. Where is the woman going this summer? A. To Egypt. B. To Europe. C. To Hawaii. 听第 7 段材料，回答第 8、9 题。 8. Where is the conversation most probably taking place? A. At a restaurant. B. At the woman’s home. C. At the man’s home. 9. What does the woman ask the man to do? A. Have some soup. B. Have more rice. C. Bring his wife next time. 听第 8 段材料，回答第 10 至 12 题。 10. What will the project focus on? A. A dog. B. A fish. C. A cat. 11. What do we know about John? A. He has conducted the survey. B. He is making cards now. C. He will do the introduction. 12. Who can handle the summarizing? A. Carol. B. Tom. C. Mary. 听第 9 段材料，回答第 13 至 16 题。 13. What will the two speakers do during the Spring Festival holiday? A. Go to the woman’s hometown. B. Stay at home. C. Go to the man’s hometown. 14. Why won’t the two speakers buy toys for Alice?
A. She hates toys. B. She is too old for toys. C. She likes books. 15. What will the two speakers buy for Dela? A. Some CDs. B. A book. C. A spacecraft model. 16. What will the two speakers buy for her mother? A. Some CDs. B. A book. C. A bird cage. 听第 10 段材料，回答第 17 至 20 题。 17. Where will they stop to have dinner? A. Dallas. B. Rouge. C. Atlanta. 18. What is the number of the bus? A. 2344. B. 3224. C. 4232. 19. What should someone do if they want to smoke? A. Get off the bus. B. Go to the back seats. C. Go to the restroom. 20. How long will it take the passengers to get to Atlanta from the city of Rouge? A. Six hours. B. Six and a half hours. C. Seven hours. 第二部分 阅读理解（共两节，满分 40 分） 第一节（共 15 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 30 分）阅读下列短文, 从每题所给的四个选项（A、B、C 和 D）中, 选 出最佳选项，并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 A Tom Zippy shouted“There is a shark on the bait (诱饵)!” , pointing to a spot a few yards behind the outboard motors. His voice gave no indication of panic, but the crew suddenly became tense and fixed their eyes on the water. Slowly, smoothly, Tom drew in the bait. The shark followed. No one asked what kind of shark it was. Everything about it, from its color to its shape, tells that it was a great white shark. Tom lifted the bait aboard. Placing himself between the two motors, he dropped his right hand into the water just as the great head reached the first motor. “My goodness,Tom!” I said. His hand seized the big nose, moving it away from the tube of the motor, guiding the shark’s head up as it rose out of the water. Tom’s hand held the nose, tou ching it gently. No one spoke. No one breathed. The moment seemed endless. In fact, it lasted less than five seconds before Tom pulled his hand back. Still nobody spoke. Then Tom smiled and said: “The first time was an accident. I was just trying to move the shark away from the motor. Sharks are attracted to motors by their electrical signals and have a habit of biting them to see if they are eatable.” Tom has worked with great white sharks for years. “My hand landed on its nose, and it sort of paused, so I kept it there, and when I did let go, the shark bit and bit as if it was searching for whatever it was that had attracted it.” Nearly every encounter (遭遇) we had had with the great whites had been totally illogical. The more we learned, the more we realized how little was really known about them in the past years. Back then, it was generally accepted that great whites ate people by choice. Now we know that almost every attack on a human is an accident in which t he shark mistakes a human for its normal food. Back then, we thought that once a great white smelt blood, it would lead to death. Now we know that nearly three-quarters of bite victims survive, perhaps because the shark recognizes that it has made a mistake and doesn’t return for a second bite.
21. The author said, “My goodness! Tom!” when _____. A. Tom was about to fall into the water B. Tom was about to touch the shark C. Tom was followed by the shark D. Tom was bitten by the shark 22. What does the author think of the encounters with great whites? A. Exciting. B. Educational. C. Frightening. D. Reasonable.
23. Most bite victims survive in shark attacks because ______. A. they are taught how to fight off sharks B. sharks discover they are no threats C.they manage to swim to safety D. sharks stop attacking them
B With the development of the technology, we can watch 3D (three dimensional) TV programs without the glasses. Lately, there has been much progress of this video system by some scientists at the University of Arizona. It is said that the researchers at the University of Arizona have created the world’s first 3D video display that uses an onboard memory and can also be updated. So far the 3D displays produced in the labs can be erased(擦除) and rewritten in only a few minutes. For a 3D television to be created however, the display would need to be overwritten several times in a second, something to be achieved within the next decade. This ability to erase and rewrite a 3D projected(投射)image is considered as a huge breakthrough in this field. Indeed it gives lots of hope that even the remaining bits can be achieved. The main challenge now is to come up with methods of continuously erasing and rewriting the image. According to most researchers, an eventual 3D television will have a flat screen construction, which is similar to the modern day displays with flat panels(平板). H owever, for the case of the 3D television, the display would most likely need to be placed on the floor, right in the middle of the viewing room as is presently done with the coffee table. The image would then be projected above the display screen of the “coffee table”, where it would be viewable in 360 degrees. While it is quite easy to show the great potential of the 3D TV in a laboratory setting, it is entirely a different thing to produce in mass. Furthermore, in order to watch a 3D TV, there would be required 3D TV programs. This is no small task as creating even a very cheap 30-minute comedy in the 3D format would need a vast amount of expensive equipment as well as technical knowledge. It would therefore call for very serious duty by the television networks to adapt to the 3D. But because the technology is there, sooner or later, be put to good use. Eve n though 3D TVs may not be a reality within the next decade or so, it will eventually get there. 24. From Paragraph 2 we learn that ______. A. the 3D TVs have begun to be produced in factories in large quantities B. the 3D TVs are still being researched in spite of some pleasing progress C. the 3D displays in the labs can’t be erased or rewritten in several minutes D. the University of Arizona has updated the world’s first 3D video memor y
25. What’s the main challenge at present in the field of research 3D TVs? A. Promote the development of flat screen construction. B. How to produce as many 3D TV programs as possible. C. The remaining bits can hardly be achieved though there is hope. D. How to solve the problem of erasing and rewriting the image non-stop. 26. What’s the main idea of Paragraph 4? A. To project the 3D TV programs in a laboratory is easy. B. People prefer a cheap 30-minute comedy to the 3D ones. C. Nobody will show interests in watching 3D TV programs. D. To produce 3D TVs in mass still faces a lot of other difficulties. 27. Why does the author write this passage? A. To tell us how far the 3D TV is from us. B. To tell people where to buy the 3D TVs. C. To prove the basic need for the 3D TV programs. D. To encourage people to research the 3D TV displays. C To our great joy and relief,the latest development in kitchen is the food steamer. All the stores are selling them; everyone wants one. Steaming is one of the simplest and healthiest ways of cooking food. However, that cooking time is usually longer than with other methods. In case you’re thinking of buying a steamer, I’ve done a survey about the steamers available on the market to help you decide which will suit you best. ? Folding Steamer The simplest and least expensive is the folding stainless-steel (不锈钢) version. Advantages: This is a good, basic design which sits inside a variety of different shapes of pans with the water under it; a ring in the centre allows for easy lifting and it’s easy to clean. Disadvantages: It only holds small dishes. Also, if you put too much water in the pan, it will boil up through the vegetables and they will be watery. If you put too little water in and let it get dry, you will burn the pan and get strange-smelling ve getables. ? Steaming Pan This is a three-layered black Teflon-coated version with a lid and two double-handled steamers, which sits on the oven ring. The brand I bought is called Nutritious Living. Advantages: This is an excellent steamer, lightweight, easy to clean, and of all the steamers I’ve tried, this cooks the fastest. Fish and chicken can be cooked on the bottom with rice or vegetables on the top. It’s easier to store. Disadvantages: Water can boil away until the pan is dry, but if you make sure you fill the pan up to the suggested level and do not overcook the food, this should not happen. You cannot see the food cooking from the top. It doesn’t supply a dish for cooking rice. For serious users of steamers, I recommend having one of each version. If you just want to try it,
get the folding stainles s-steel type. 28. Why did the author carry out the survey? A. To inform people of different steamers. B. To run an advertisement for steamers. C. To find out a suitable steamer to buy. D. To learn how to cook with steamers. 29. What can we learn about the folding steamer? A. It comes in different kinds of shapes and sizes. B. It is designed for large families. C. It is able to clean itself. D. It is easy to take out. 30 The Nutritious Living steamer ______. A.is more difficult to store B. provides a dish to cook rice with C. cooks different foods at the same time D. cooks fish and chicken faster than vegetables 31. According to the author, you should ______. A. use steamers to save cooking time B. buy a steamer with dishes supplied C. do a survey before choosing a steamer D. buy a folding steamer if you want to try D Scientists have found that elephants have four different characteristics to help their hard survive in the African bush. With their grey skin, mournful eyes and slow walking, you could be forgiven for thinking elephants are uniformly melancholy（忧郁的） creatures. But scientists have now discovered the largest living land animals have personalities to match their size. In a new study of African elephants, researchers have identified four different characters that are common with a herd – the leaders, the gentle giants, the playful troublemakers and the reliable plodders. （辛勤工作的人） Each of the types has developed to help the giant mammals survive in their hard environment and are almost unique in the animal kingdom, according to the scientists. Professor Lee and her colleague Cynthia Moss studied a herd of elephants in the Amboseli National Park in Kenya known as the EB family – famous for their matriarch（女家长） Echo before she died in 2009. Using data collected over 38 years of watching this group, the researchers analysed them for 26 types of behaviour and found four personalities tended to be important. The strongest personality to appear was that of the leader unlike other animals, where leadership tends to be won by the most aggressive individual, the elephants instead respected intelligence and
problem solving in their leader. The playful elephants tended to be younger but were more curious and active. Eudora, a 40-year-old female in the herd, seemed to be the most playful, always showing this character through out her life while playfulness in some of the other elephants reduced with age. Gentle elephants, which included two 27-year-old females Eleanor and Eliot, cared and rubbed against others more than the others. Those that were reliable tended to be those that were most often at making good decisions, helped to care for babies in the herd and were calm when faced with threats. Echo and her youngest daughter Ebony seemed to be the most reliable. Professor Lee said that elephants with these characters tended to be the most socially liked in the group while those who tended to be less reliable and pushy were more likely to split from the herd. 32．From the passage we get to know that . A．the researchers reached their conclusion by analyzing the data. B．the research centered on the 26 types of behavior of the matriarch C．the scientists conducted the research by comparing elephants with other animals D．Professor Phyllis Lee and her colleague spent nearly 38 years tracking the herd 33．The leader of an elephant herd is not necessarily . A．aggressive B．reliable C．intelligent D．experienced 34．According to the new findings of the scientists . A．playfulness of an elephant will always decline with age B．those elephants which are caring and wise are most reliable C．each elephant can be matched with only one of the four personalities D．once becoming a member of a herd, an elephant will never split from it 35．In the EB family Echo and Eudora are . A．mother and daughter B．the two oldest female C．the most gentle ones D．leader and member 第二节（共 5 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 10 分） 根据短文内容，从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。 Your mental watchman is anxiety ,whose fixed pattern is to search for what may be about to go wrong. It continually, and without your conscious permission, scans your life, even when you are asleep, in dreams and nightmares. 36 When it finds one, it worries it. Along with depression and anger, anxiety is one of the bad faces of worries. 37 Controlled by anxiety, you will feel a lack of security and confidence. When anxiety is severe and pained, it can be a sign of a disorder, such as panic or terror. Although anxiety seems to have a biological basis, it is habit-forming for many of us. Some of our anxious feelings are in fact wasted energy. Anxiety has gotten out of hand when it is pointless and repeated. Wh en you are faced with a problem at work, before taking a test, or making an important decision, you will feel anxious. When you are controlled by anxiety, you are unable to control your emotions（情感） to the point of it changing your daily routine and habits. are usually anxious at work or around your family. At times, you should listen to the message of your negative emotions, as uncomfortable as they may be, and change your outward life rather than your emotional life. 39 If you are worried 38 Or you find you
about the dangers of your brother’s new hobby, sky diving, perhaps you ought to tell him so. Taking action may relieve your anxiety. 40 By learning to stop always seeking guarantee, not only can
you start to undo the automatic cycle of anxiety, but also you learn that you can manage just fine without the need for constant guarantee. This in turn creates a sense of self-confidence and self-respect, which is vital to overcome anxiety. A. For these people, saying NO to others is often of much anxiety. B. It reviews your work, your love, your play, until it finds an imperfection. C. Comparing anxiety with depression helps to discuss possible cures for anxiety. D. These three common emotions are considered the cause of most mental illnesses. E. If that doesn’t work, then it’s time to deal with any automatic thoughts in yourself. F. If you are anxious about the work, you might get to the office an hour earlier every day. G. You find yourself waking up anxious, going through the day anxious and going to bed anxious. 第三部分 英语知识运用（共两节，满分 45 分） 第一节 完型填空（共 20 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 30 分） 阅读下面短文，从短文后各题所给的四个选项（A、B、C 和 D）中，选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项，并在 答题卡上将该项涂黑。 Although we all have troubles and sufferings throughout our lives, we cannot make everyone else suffer with our own ___41___ . The carpenter I 42 to help me restore an old farmhouse had just finished a(n) 43 first day on the job. A flat tire made him lose an hour of work, his electric saw quit, and now his truck __44__ to start. While I drove him home, he sat in stony 45 . On arriving, he invited me in to meet his family. As we walked toward the front door, he paused 46 at a small tree, 47 tips of the branches with both hands. When opening the door, he underwent a(n) __48__ transformation. His tanned face was wreathed in smiles, and he 49 his two small children and gave his wife a kiss. The next day my 50 drove me to ask him about what I had seen. “Oh, that’s my trouble tree,” he replied. “I know I can’t __51__ having troubles on the job, but the troubles don’t __52 to the house with my family. So I just 53 them up on the tree. Then in the morning I pick them up again.” “ __54__ thing ！,” he smiled, “when I come out in the morning to pick them up, there aren’t nearly as 55 as I remember the night before.” Putting __56__ around our problems is a really good idea --- it prevents our difficulties from spilling over onto loved people, who can’t do anything about our problems. Why __57__ them if they can’t help us? So, plant yourself a trouble tree outside and use it 58 you come home. Be grateful that you have loved ones to go home to __59__ your loved one is simply your beloved dog. And when you picked up your troubles on the way each morning, be 60 that they’re not as heavy as they were the night before. 41. A. unhappiness 42. A. informed B. mistakes B. hired C. helplessness C. trusted D. carelessness D. recommended
43. A. enjoyable 44. A. intended 45. A. amazement 46. A. regularly 47. A. cutting 48. A. exciting 49. A. hugged 50. A. preference 51. A. avoid 52. A. lack 53. A. set 54. A. Sad 55. A. many 56. A. defense 57. A. burden 58. A. however 59. A. so long as 60. A. shameful
B. smooth B. desired B. astonishment B. unusually B. damaging B. amazing B. greeted B. sufferings B. consider B. belong B. throw B. Terrible B. few B. boundaries B. equip B. whenever B. now that B. proud
C. rough C. hesitated C. embarrassment C. briefly C. watching C. confusing C. thanked C. curiosity C. continue C. exist C. give C. Funny C. good C. sympathy C. expose C. wherever C. even if C. astonished
D. dull D. refused D. silence D. directly D. touching D. annoying D. waved D. doubt D. stand D. stay D. hang D. Ridiculous D. light D. secret D. entertain D. whatever D. in case D. grateful
第二卷（非选择题，满分 50 分） 第三部分 英语知识运用（共两节，满分 45 分） 第二节（共 10 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 15 分） 阅读下面材料，在空白处填入适当的内容（1 个单词）或括号内单词的正确形式。 We are sure that most times you know __61__ it is like．You've just arrived in Newyork after a long _62__(fly), and all you really want to do is __63__(lie)down and relax in your hotel room．But first you have to make a few quick notes for tomorrow's meeting, then check your emails, and perhaps print out a few things．And you need to make a few local telephone calls, and one call home to your family． And what do you usually get? Your desk is just about big __64__ for a cup of coffee; there's no desk lamp; the stationery （办公用品） is a couple of sheets of __65__(head) notepaper; and a pen doesn't work．Printing has to ___66___(arrange)with the Reception, and when you try to use your cell phone you find that it won't work in America． Well, Harmony is different．Just tell us in advance what you're going to need, _67__ we'll see that it's waiting for you when you arri ve．There will be a _68___(print) in your room if you want one, and a cell phone that really works．All you have to pay for is the calls you make． We can also arrange a room for business meetings, and, using the very best employment agency, even supply a secretary to take minutes．All we ask is a few days' notice． All our rooms are __69__ the same high quality and we guarantee not to increase prices in the next twelve months．But book now, __70__ we're already filling up fast, and we'd hate to disappoint you． Harmony-the hotel you always want; but never been able to find-until now
武汉二中 2015-2016 学年度上学期期末考试高二英语试卷答案 听力 1-20 AACCC, BABCB, CCABC, ABBBC, 阅读 21-35 BBD BDDA ADCD AABD 36-40 BDGFE 完型填空 41-60 ABCDD CDBAC ABDCA BABCD 语法填空 61 what 62.flight 63.to lie 64.enough 65.headed 66.be arranged 67.and 68.printer 69.of 70.because 短文改错 71.第一行在 used 前加 are 73.第二行 Americs 改为 Americans 75.第六行 member 改为 members 77.. 第七行 either 改为 too 72. 第二行去掉 a 74. 第五行的 escribing 改为 describe 76。第六行 words 前加 the 78.第八行 forget 改为 forgotten 80.第十行 use 前加 to
79.第八行 but 改为 and 书面表达：Dear Bob,
I'm very pleased to write to you, I know you're an expert in English learning. I've so many problems to trouble you now. English is so difficult that I nearly want to give it up! In English class I can't follow my teacher because of the poor listening. Also I can't remember the words clearly. Although I spend much time on it, I still can't use words in the right way. What's worse, when I read English, I am often trapped in the unknown words. It stops me from receiving the main informa tion. You can imagine what the result of my English learning is! Those worry me a lot. What should I do? Would you please help me? I will be very grateful to get your reply.
Yours, Fang Hua