A Surveying Study of Bill Gates and Microsoft

Abstract: Bill Gates is the head of the software company Microsoft and is one of the world’s wealthiest men. He had already been interested in computer during his primary school period, and he could write computer programming by himself at 13. Several years later, he established the Microsoft Corporation. Microsoft Corporation is an American multinational corporation headquartered in Redmond, Washington, United States. Known for its interviewing process with obscure questions, various studies and ratings were generally favorable to Microsoft's diversity within the company as well as its overall environmental impact with the exception of the electronics portion of the business. Key Words: Bill Gates; Microsoft; Microsoft Corporation; charity work

1. Bill Gates’ early life
1.1 Family Bill Gates born on Oct. 28, 1955, he grew up in Seattle with his two sisters. Their father, William H. Gates II, is a Seattle attorney. Their late mother, Mary Gates, was a schoolteacher, University of Washington regent, and chairwoman of United Way International. 1.2 Education Gates attended public elementary school and the private Lakeside School. There, he discovered his interest in software and began programming computers at age 13. In 1973, Gates entered Harvard University as a freshman. While at Harvard, Gates developed a version of the programming language BASIC for the first microcomputer - the MITS Altair.

2. Microsoft Corporation
Microsoft Corporation is an American multinational corporation that develops,

manufactures, licenses, and supports a wide range of products and services predominantly related to computing through its various product divisions. Established in 1975 to develop and sell BASIC interpreters for the Altair 8800, Microsoft rose to dominate the home computer operating system market with MS-DOS in the mid-1980s, followed by the Microsoft Windows line of operating systems. How did Bill Gates establish it? 2.1 Started his corporation In his junior year, Gates left Harvard to devote his energies to Microsoft, a company he had begun in 1975 with his childhood friend Paul Allen. Guided by a belief that the computer would a valuable tool on every office desktop and in every home, they began developing software for personal computers. Gates’ foresight and his vision for personal computing have been central to the success of Microsoft and the software industry. 2.2 Hardship With the start of the Microsoft Corporation, Bill Gates had to face with lots of difficulties. Micro-instruments Telemetry Systems Company cheating consumers which directly influenced the interests of Microsoft. And there was a troubled affair around him, that is piracy controversy. In the end, he had solved this problem clearly. 2.3 Advanced the software technology Under Gates' leadership, Microsoft's mission has been to continually advance and improve software technology, and to make it easier, more cost-effective and more enjoyable for people to use computers. The company is committed to a long-term view, reflected in its industry-leading investment in research and development each year. 2.4 Development of corporation Beginning in 1995 and 1996, Gates feverishly refocused Microsoft on the development of consumer and enterprise software solutions for the Internet, developed the Windows CE operating system platform for networking noncomputer devices such as home televisions and personal digital assistants, created the Microsoft Network to compete with America Online and other Internet providers, then he

acquired the huge Bettmann photo archives and other collections for use in electronic distribution. 2.5 Branches in China With the increase of staff and consumer, Microsoft Corporation has a large number of branches in lots of countries, including China. Kaifu Li is the chairman of Microsoft branch in China.

3. Charity work
In addition to his work at Microsoft, Gates was also known for his charitable work. With his wife, Melinda, he launched the William H. Gates Foundation in 1994 to fund global health programs as well as projects in the Pacific Northwest. During the latter part of the 1990s, the couple also funded North American libraries through the Gates Library Foundation and raised money for minority study grants through the Gates Millennium Scholars program.

4. Conclusion
Bill Gates also has a penniless life, but he knows how to use his advantage to seize the opportunities so, he succeeded. He began leading company at 20-year-old; became the youngest billionaire at 31; became the richest man in the United States and received National Medal of Technology at 37. Behind the wealth of Bill Gates, it is a fundamental things that makes him succeed. That is, standing up again after a fall lessons; his long years of the exploration and all the moral support. Thanks to them, Gates can climb to the peak of life.

[1] Microsoft official web: http://www.microsoft.com/presspass/exec/billg/?tab=biography#top [2] Wikipedia of Bill Gates: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bill_Gates#Philanthropy [3] Wikipedia of Microsoft: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Microsoft_Corporation#See_also [4] 李进, 《比尔盖茨商学全书》,企业管理出版社,2006