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【贵州省2013-2014学年高一寒假作业(5)英语 Word版含答案


【KS5U 首发】贵州省 2013-2014 学年高一寒假作业(5)英语 Word 版含答案

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一、单项填空(共 15 小题:每小题 1 分,满分 15 分) 从 A. B. C. D 四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选 硕,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

1.The __________of your house is clean now. A. environment B. circumstance C. surrounding D. surroundings 2.Is there ____ to help you? A. anything we can do C. anything which we can do B. something can do D. nothing we can't do

3.I found the raincoat where I had ______ it. A. lay B. laid C. lain D. lied

4.It’s a(n)

problem when using the Internet. Do you trust the information you

have downloaded? A. usual B. ordinary C. public D. common

5. It is ________ that I’d like to go for a picnic. A. very lovely a day C. such lovely a day B. too lovely a day D. so lovely a day

6.--Do you like your school life? --It’s hard to say. If there were no ____ exams, I should have ____ much happier time at school. A. an; a B. /; a C. a; the D. /; /

7.A middle-aged woman came ________ to the bus stop only ________ the bus had gone. A. run; to find B. running; to find

C. and ran; found D. running; finding 8.If you know anything ______ about it, you should tell us. A. after all B. all in all C. at all D. first of all

9.Her mother ____ her stories patiently every evening when she was a little girl. A. was used to tell B. is used to telling C. used to tell D. used to telling 10.The _____ height of the girls who took part in the beauty contest is 1.70 meters. A. average B. obvious C. central D. regular 11._________ neither I nor he right, Miss Li? A. Are B. Is C. Am D. Be 12.Only then ______ how much damage had been caused. A.had she realized B.she realized C.did she realize D.she had realized 13.It was in the factory ________ I worked when I was twenty _____ I met Linda who later became my wife. A. that; where C. that; that B. where; that D. where; where

14.If you had got up early, you_____ the early bus. A. have caught B. will have caught C. would have caught D. had caught 15.____terrible weather we’ve been having these days! A. How a B. What a C. How D. What

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二、完型填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分)
阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A, B, C 和 D)中, 选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑

Eleven-year-old Angela had something wrong with her nervous system(神经系 统).She was unable to 16 .In fact, she could hardly make any 18 17 .Although she believed 19 ,if any, that she had a chance of recovering, the doctors said that

could come back to normal after getting this disease. Having heard this, the little girl

was not 22 .

20

.There, lying in her hospital bed, she

21

that no

matter what the doctors said, her going back to school was She was moved to a specialized health center, and whatever method could be tried was used. Still she would not doctors were all fond of her and taught her about there, One day, 26 27 her mental exercise. she was imagining her legs moving again, it seemed as though a 28 ! “Look what I’m doing! Look! I miracle(奇迹)happened: The bed began to can do it! I moved! I moved! ”she 29 . 30 .More 31 safely. 32 .You see, it was an Of course, at this very moment everyone else in the hospital was importantly, they were running earthquake. But don’t 33 that to Angela. She has 34 that she did it, just as she had never doubted 35 the earth, such a disease is a that she would recover. And now only a few years later, She ’s back in school. You see, to such a person who can small problem, isn’t it? 16.A.see 17.A.progress 18.A.poor 19.A.few 20.A.satisfied 21.A.insisted 22.A.true 23.A.get up 24.A.disappointed 25.A.thinking 26.A.sadly 27.A.as 28.A.fly 29.A.jumped B.hear B.difference B.good B.all B.delighted B.sighed B.doubtful B.give up B.proud B.expecting B.madly B.since B.move B.wondered C.talk C.movement C.little C.some C.surprised C.feared C.certain C.turn up C.troubled C.pretending C.carefully C.after C.roll C.screamed D.walk D.achievement D.special D.most D.discouraged D.promised D.impossible D.stand up D.undefeatable D.imagining D.faithfully D.before D.speak D.recovered People were crying, and equipment was 25 doing that she could make it . Every day Angela would lie 23 . It seemed that she was 24 .The

30.A.frightened 31.A.in 32.A.rising 33.A.tell 34.A.noticed 35.A.push 评卷人 得分

B.pleased B.by B.falling B.do B.supposed

C.touched C.for C.missing C.give C.believed

D.encouraged D.with D.gathering D.show D.discovered

B.shock C.shake D.save 三、阅读理解(共 20 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分)
阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A, B, C 和 D)中, 选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑

A Scientists are trying to make the deserts into good land again. They want to bring water to the deserts, so people can live and grow food. They are learning a lot about the deserts. But more and more of the earth is becoming desert all the time. Scientists may not be able to change the desert in time. Why is more and more land becoming desert? Scientists think that people make deserts. People are doing bad things to the earth. Some places on the earth don’ t get much rain. But they still don’ t become deserts. This is because some green plants are growing there. Small green plants and grass are very important to dry places. Plants don’ t let the sun make the earth even drier. P lants do not let the wind blow the dirt away. When a bit of rain falls, the plants hold the water. Without plants, the land can become desert more easily. 36. Deserts ________ . A. never have any plants or animals in them B. can all be turned into good land before long C. are becoming smaller and smaller D. get very little rain 37. Small green plants are very important to dry places because ________ . A. they don’ t let the sun make the earth even drier B. they don’ t let the wind blow the soil away C. they hold water D. All of the above.

38. Land is becoming desert little by little because ______. A. plants can’ t grow there B. there is not enough rain C. people haven’ t done what scientists wish them to do D. scientists know little about the deserts 39. After reading this passage, we learn that ________ . A. plants can keep dry land from becoming desert B. it is good to get rid of the grass in the deserts C. all places without much rain will become deserts D. it is better to grow crops on dry land than to cut them B Robert Spring, a 19th century forger(伪造者), was so good at his profession that he was able to make his living for 15 years by selling false signatures of Americans. Spring was born in England in 1813 and arrived in Philadelphia in 1858 to open a bookstore. At first he became rich by selling his small but real collection of early U.S. autographs (手稿). Discovering his ability at copying handwriting, he began imitating signatures of George Washington and Ben Franklin and writing them on the title pages of old books. To lessen the chance of detection(察觉), he sent his forgeries to England and Canada for sale. Forgers have a hard time selling their products. A forger can’t deal with a respectable buyer but people who don’t have much knowledge in the field. Forgers have many ways to make their work look real. For example, they buy old books to use the aged paper of the title page, and they can treat paper and ink with chemicals. In Spring’s time right after the Civil War, Britain was still fond of the Southern states, so Spring invented a respectable maiden lady known as Miss Fanny Jackson, the only daughter of General “Stonewall” Jackson. For several years Miss Fanny’s financial problems forced her to sell a great number of letters and manuscripts (手稿). Spring had to work very hard to satisfy the demand. All this activity did not prevent Spring from dying in poverty, leaving sharp-eyed experts the difficult task of separating his forgeries from the originals.

40. Why did Spring sell his false autographs in England and Canada? A. There was a greater demand there than in America. B. There was less chance of being detected there. C. Britain was Spring’s birthplace. D. The prices were higher in England and Canada. 41. After the Civil War, there was a great demand in Britain for________. A. Southern money B. Signatures of George Washington and Ben Franklin C. Southern manuscripts and letters D. Civil War battle plans 42. According to the passage, forgeries are usually sold to________. A. sharp-eyed experts C. book dealers 43. Who was Miss Fanny Jackson? A. The only daughter of General “Stonewall” Jackson. B. A little - known girl who sold her father’s papers to Robert Spring. C. Robert Spring’s daughter. D. An imaginary person created by Spring. C Many people who are overweight have poor digestion(消化). For the most part, poor digestion is not a habit given by our parents. We give it to ourselves through the way we eat. Eating to get less stress or anxiety is often the mistake most people will make. Oh, poor digestion can lead to weight problems. Here’s how: When a person feels stressed, the part of the central nervous system that connects digestion switches off. This is called the parasympathetic nervous system(副交感神经系统). At those times of stress, the body can take in food and process some of it, but digestion doesn’t work correctly to digest all the nutritional(营养的)goodness from the food. Poor digestion is not always obvious by observing symptoms; you can get some illnesses but not always. Poor digestion can be seemingly silent.If you eat when you are stressed, anxious, or nervous, you might as well be eating cardboard for all the nutrients your body gets. Yes, eating when stressed is a gaining situation. Now you might think, well, if I’m not digesting, the calories aren’t getting handles, so I should be losing weight. Good idea, but wrong reality. When digestion is not proper, the body starts “starving” from lack of necessary nutrients( 营养物 ). Yes, it goes into a starvation (饥饿) problem and starts absorbing(吸收) fat and energy. It thinks it’s in a famine(饥荒). The good news is that it’s easy to make some corrections and get rid of stress at mealtimes.If you feel stressed often, it can be helpful to take other food that contains multiple B vitamins. These help, but you could still find yourself stressed at B. persons who aren’t experts D. owners of old books

mealtimes. 44. The author wrote the passage to tell us A. how to deal with stress at mealtimes B. what kind of food can be easily digested C. eating when you’re stressed can cause weight problems D. eating too much resulted in overweight problems 45. How do you understand the underlined sentence in the first paragraph? A. Eating is the best way to release stress. B. We should not release the stress by eating. C. Eating too much can cause anxiety. D. The stress problem can be solved during eating. 46. In what way do poor digestion and stress cause body problems? A. Poor digestion cannot absorb much nutritional goodness from the food. B. People with poor digestion take in food and process all of it. C. When people feel stressed, the parasympathetic nervous system switches on. D. Poor digestion will not lead to overweight problems. 47. Which is NOT the reason why people may have weight problems when eating with stress? A. The body does not take in what they eat. B. The digestion system becomes incorrect. C. People cannot eat much when unhappy. D. The body will begin to absorb too much fat. D The earthquake that shook Japan with historic strength on March 11th, 2011 created a tsunami wave ten meters high. The water washed away boats, cars and houses in coastal areas north of Tokyo. It also led to tsunami warnings across the Pacific. ks5u Scientists recorded the magnitude( 震级 ) of the earthquake at 8.9.The United States Geological Survey says it was the fifth largest earthquake since nineteen hundred. The largest, with a 9.5 magnitude, shook Chile in nineteen sixty. The quake struck near the east coast of Honshu, Japan's main island. It was centered under the sea about one hundred thirty kilometers east of Sendai.The tsunami washed away whole neighborhoods in Sendai. So far (April 4th), the tsunami has taken 12, 0009 people's life away. Now Japanese are all trying to rebuild their hometown, but there are too many difficulties. The first, Japan is the world's third largest importer(进口商)of oil. The shortage of oil makes it almost impossible to carry the food, medicine and water to the quake area by cars. The second, the Fukushima nuclear( 核 ) power station was damaged by the March eleventh earthquake and tsunami. The extent of the problems is still not clear. Japan’s nuclear crisis(危机) may mean greater need of imported food. 48.The underlined word in Paragraph 1 means______ in Chinese. A.地震 B.核辐射 C.海浪 D.海啸 49.The largest earthquake happened in ______. A.Tokyo B.the United States C.Chile D.Japan 50 . Japanese are facing ______ kinds of problems when trying to rebuild their

hometown. A.one 评卷人

B.two 得分

C.three

D.four

四、七选五(共 5 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 10 分)
根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选 项。选项中有两项为多余选项。

Do you know that over ten million American kids go to camp every summer? 51 Back then, before the air conditioner was invented, hot city summers were uncomfortable and even unhealthy for children, so escaping to the country for a few weeks became a popular trend. Today, kids have different reasons for making camp a part of their lives, such as: To meet new people Camp might give you a chance to be with people from different states, or even different countries. It’s a great way to make new friends and learn about different places and cultures. Michiko, 13, put it like this:“I loved camp. I met this girl name Manny who lives in New York (I live in New Jersey) and she is cool. 52 We taught each other words. We liked to swim in the pool a lot.” To challenge yourself 53 Fresh challenges — like trying new sports, learning new crafts and games, or pushing yourself to achieve something — can be very rewarding. Take it from Arabella, 13, who told us: “ I went to summer camp and I passed my swimming test! I can hardly swim, so it was a big accomplishment (成就). 54 ” To appreciate nature There’s a great big natural world out there, and going to camp helps you learn how beautiful and important it really is. 55 Getting out into the woods or mountains can give you a better understanding of how the web of life works. A. Not all the things that kids do at camp are easy. B. She speaks Spanish and I speak Japanese. C. I felt great afterwards. D. It’s also a great way to learn about teamwork and tolerance(包容). E. Summer camp has been a U.S. tradition for over 150 years. F. When you get right down to it, going to camp is all about having a good time. G. Without trees, soil, water, and wildlife, the Earth couldn’t survive. 五、短文改错(共 10 小题;每小题 I 分,满分 10 分) 文中共有 10 处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。没处错误 仅涉及一个单词的增加,删除或修改。增加:在缺词处加 一个漏字符号∧,并在其下面写出该加的词。删除:把多 余的词用斜线(\)划掉。修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在 该词下面写出修改后的词。注意:1.每处错误及其修改均 仅限一词; 2.只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。

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Our class held a discussion about if music should be played during the break or not. T he opinions are divided. Most of students think that music should be played. As we know, music

can produce a lively and happy atmosphere. However, after hard study music can bring us relaxati on, which reduce the tiredness. This can help us make full preparations for the next class. Listen to music also makes us feel happy. On the other hand, some students don’t think it. In their opi nion, they can’t get the expecting effect from playing music, for the class break time is too short. What is needed most during the class break is peace instead noise produced by music. In my o pinion, it is good to play some soft and peace music during the class break. In this way students ca n enjoy music as good as have a good rest. 评卷人 得分 六、书面表达(满分 25 分)

23. 假如你是李华,你的美国笔友 Alice 来信说她因为要参加一个重要的考试, 最近出现了头晕、睡眠不好的焦虑症状。请根据以下要点,给她写一封信给一 些建议。内容应包括下列要点: 1. 正确认识考试; 2 .积极为考试做准备; 3.注意劳逸结合(例如:运动、睡眠等)注意: 1.词数 120-150 左右;2.不要 逐句翻译,可适当增加细节以使行文连贯; 3. 电子邮件的开头已为你写好(不 计人总词数) Dear Alice. I have received your letter saying that you are anxious about the coming exam.

试卷答案 一.单项选择 1.D 2.A 3.B 4.D 5.D 6.B 7.B 解析: running 是现在分词作方式状语;不定式作结果状语时,表示结果出乎主 语的意料之外,尤其是和 only 连用时。 8.C 9.C 10.A 11.C 12.C 13.B 14.C 15.D 二.完形填空 16—35 16.D.本题可以从后文提到的几个线索去考虑。The doctors said that 39, if any, could come back to no…, Having heard this, the little girl…从这两句就说明她能听 也能说,否则就不能和医生交流;还有 her going back to…以及下几个自然段里 多次出现 move 一词,就能知道他是不能走动的。 17.C.本题和 36 题相辅相成,因为生病所以不能走路甚至更严重的是根本就 不能动。本题很容易造成如:make progress 或 make achievement 这样常见的短 语考生脱离了语境的联系,片面地选择 A 或 D。 18. B.小姑娘非常坚强,执着,对自己非常有信心,所以才认为自己康复的 机会很大。Have/stand a good/fair chance of…大有…的希望。

19 。 A.虽然( although) 小女孩自己很有信心,但医生知道康复的机率是很小 的,很少有人能好起来。 20. D.从上下文可以看出小女孩从来就没有气馁,即使是知道了医生说的真 相后仍然那么坚强自信,所以选 D。C 答案的语境不对,这里她的反应不止是 吃惊,要表现她的坚强就要用 D 答案。 21. A.本题还是围绕着 “坚强,自信”这个主题展开的,无论医生怎么说,她 都坚持相信总有一天她会回到学校。 sigh 是叹息,表渴望的时候应该是 sigh for;fear 与题意相差太远而且与主题违背 ;promise 承诺,答应做什么事情,不 符合题意。 22.C.本题和 39,40 题一起,三个题息息相关,在同一个语境中,表达的内涵 一样都体现了小女孩坚强自信的良好品质,所以她才认为她的病必好,她能上 学。 23. B.根据题意得知,所有能够用的方法都试过了,似乎还没有效果,但小 女孩心中的信念仍然那么强烈,她还没有放弃。这里一直是围绕着文章主题展 开的。此题易误选 D,从文中看出她离康复还有很远的路。 24 . D .本题还是围绕文章主题展开。尽管所有方法都用过了,尽管没有效 果,但他仍然没有放弃,因此“不可打败的”。 25.D.从下文 47 题所在的句子中能够看出答案。 26 . D .从文章的主题来分析小女孩应该是从来不放弃任何一个可能的机会 的,所以他才会“忠实的”做着医生交给她的 mental exercise.本题也要从文章的 主题出发,他康复正是由于她的韧力才得以出现奇迹,所以光小心(carefully) 还不够表达文章所要表达的主题。 27.A.从文中可以看出是当他正在做的时候才感觉的,而 as 引导的时间状语 从句就是“一边…一边”。 28 . B .从前面 37 题可以知道她原来是不能动的,经过很长时间的 mental exercise,在地震的作用下,她以为是自己是动了的。而且后文中有: look, what I’m doing …,可以看出选 B。 29。C.从文中 look, what I’m doing …,可以看出她因为激动所以喊叫出来。 30. A.从后文知道:床在动是因为发生了地震,因此很容易判断是所有人都 很惊慌。 31.C.这里指发生了地震他们逃跑的目的是为了安全。 32. B.根据题意可以得知因为发生了地震,在抖动中,设备,仪器应该是掉 下来。 33.A.从文中可以看出,所有人都知道是地震引发了 move,但为了鼓励她,不 至于打消他的积极性,不能告诉她实情的真相,故选 A. show 是教,出示等含 义。 34.C.从后句中的 never doubted 可知答案。 35.C.最后一句是一个很幽默的句子,因为在地震中: the earth shake,所以作 者幽默地把地震造成的震动当作是小女孩造成的,所以用 shake. 三.阅读理解
36—50 .

DDCA

BCBD CBAC DCB 四.七选五 EBACG 五.短文改错 1. if 变为 whether 2. students 前加 the 或去掉 of 3.However 改为 Besides 5.Listen 变为 Listening 8.instead 后加 of 6.it 变为 so 9.peace 变为 peaceful

4.reduce 变为 reduces 7.expecting 变为 expected 10. good 变为 well

六.书面表达


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