东至二中 2015—2016 学年第二学期高二年级阶段测试 英语试卷
试卷满分：150 分 考试时间：120 分钟 第 I 卷（选择题） 注意：本试卷包含Ⅰ、Ⅱ两卷。第Ⅰ卷为选择题，所有答案必须用 2B 铅笔涂在答题卡中相应的位置。第Ⅱ 卷为非选择题，所有答案必须填在答题卷的相应位置。答案写在试卷上均无效，不予记分。 第I 卷 第一部分 听力（共两节，满分 30 分） 第一节（共 5 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 7.5 分） 听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后一个小题。每段对话仅读一遍。 1. What are the speakers looking for? A. A tablecloth B. Curtains C. Chairs 2. What does the man think is the best part of his last vacation? A. Climbing the mountains. B. Seeing a bear in the woods. C. Enjoying the sunset. 3. How do the man’s grandparents look in these pictures? A. Moody B. Kind C. Happy 4. Who could the man speaker most probably be? A. A pilot B. A taxi driver C. A bus driver 5. Where does the conversation probably take place? A. At a hotel B. At the man’s office C. At a bank 第二节（共 15 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 22.5 分） 听下面 5 段对话或独白，每段对话或独白后有几个小题，从题中 A,B,C 三个选项中选出最佳选项。每段 对话或独白读两遍。 听第 6 段材料，回答第 6,7 题。 6. What are the speakers talking about in general? A. A poetry class B. A performance C. Singers 7. What are the speakers going to do? A. Go back home B. Go to a coffee shop C. Eat something 听第 7 段材料，回答第 8,9 题。 8. What does the woman want to do with the mobile phone? A. Play games B. Make phone calls C. Access the Internet 9. What color mobile phone will the woman take? A. Red B. Pink C. Blue 听第 8 段材料，回答第 10 至 12 题。 10. How do the speakers feel at first? A. Excited B. Terrified C. Surprised 11. What is the man afraid of? A. Water B. The burning truck C. The train 12. What will the speakers do next? A. Go for a walk B. Have something to drink C. Ride home 听第 9 段材料，回答第 13 至 16 题。 13. What relation is Jordan to the woman? A. Her husband B. Her brother C. Her son 14. When did the woman get the home movie camera?
A. When she was a teacher. B. When she was in the army. C. When she had her first baby. 15. What will the man do next? A. Ask David about the Vietnam War. B. Watch an old movie the woman made. C. Make a movie with the woman’s home movie camera. 16. Where does the conversation probab ly take place? A. At a cinema B. At the woman’s C. At a camera store 听第 10 段材料，回答第 17 至 20 题。 17. When does the entertainment begin? A. On Sunday evening B. On Monday morning C. On Monday afternoon 18. What is required if a child wants to go cross-country skiing? A. He must be over 11 years old. B. He should know about skiing. C. He should ask his parent to go with him. 19. What will the speaker do on Tuesday morning? A. Walk in the snow. B. Attend a singing competition. C. Make a presentation about new ski equipment. 20. What should children do if they want to take part in the activities? A. Prepare necessary equipment. B. Ask for their parents’ permission. C. Sign their names on the notice board. 第二部分 阅读理解 （ 共两节，满分 40 分） 第一节 （共 15 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 30 分） 阅读下列短文，从每题所给的四个选项（A,B,C 和 D）中，选出最佳选项。 A I really love my job because I enjoy working with small children and like the challenges and awards from the job. I also think my work is important. There was a time when I thought I would never have that sort of career. I wasn’t an excellent student because I didn’t do much schoolwork. In my final term I started thinking what I might do and found I didn’t have much to offer. I just accepted that I wasn’t the type to have a career. I then found myself a job, looking after two little girls. It wasn’t too bad at first. But the problems began when I agreed to live in, so that I would be there if my boss had to go out for business in the evening. We agreed that if I had to work extra hours one week, she’d give me time off the next. But unfortunately, it didn’t often work out. I was getting extremely tired and fed up, because I had too many late nights and early mornings with the children. One Sunday, I was in the park with the children, and met Megan who used to go to school with me. I told her about my situation. She suggested that I should do a course and get a qualification （资格证书）if I wanted to work with children. I didn’t think I would be accepted because I didn’t take many exams in school. She persuaded me to phone the local college and they were really helpful. My experience counted for a lot and I got on a part-time course. I left my job with the family, and got work helping out at a kindergarten. Now I’ve got a full-time job there. I shall always be thankful to Megan. I wish I had known
earlier that you could have a career, even if you aren’t top of the class at school. 1. When staying with the two girls’ family, the author ________. A. was paid for extra work B. often worked long hours C. got much help from her boss D. took a day off every other week 2. Why did the author leave her first job？ A. She found a full-time job. B. She lost patience with the children. C. She decided to attend a part-time course. D. She needed a rest after working extra hours. 3. What has the author learned from her own experiences？ A. One must choose the job she likes. B. Qualifications are necessary for a career. C. Hard work makes an excellent student. D. Less successful students can still have a career. B Indoor Plants As with any house guests, indoor plants require a certain amount of basic, regular attention if they are going to feel at home. The first consideration when purchasing plants is to make reasonably sure that they are suitable for the condition in which they are going to be housed. A general rule for most plants being brought indoors for the first time is to ensure that they have reasonable temperature of not less than 60 degrees Fahrenheit, a position out of cold air, safe from pets and not exposed to strong sunlight. Plants love company. When plants are growing together, they create an atmosphere of damp around themselves which is far more beneficial than hot dry conditions. A group of plants will also present a more pleasing picture and provide an opportunity for a creative arrangement. There is no secret to this. Just rely on your natural feeling for harmony. Watering and feeding plants are probably the two areas of care that are the least well understood, but, again, if you follow a few simple rules, your plants should do well. Cold slightly warm water is therefore the answer. It is usually better to pour water on to the soil on the surface of the pot rather than put the water into the pot holder at the bottom. Avoid giving small amount of water at regular intervals- it is much better to wet the soil right through the pot in one go and then to allow it to dry noticeably before giving it a further watering. The majority of indoor plants will be in active growth from March until October, and during this time, the established ones will benefit from regular feeding. This may mean feeding with a weak liquid fertilizer at each watering or at intervals( 间隔 ) of a week or ten days with fertilizer at a standard strength. It is important, however, to ensure that plants are not fed when growth is inactive, when the soil in the pot is dry, or too soon after the plants has been potted up. 4. In Paragraph 2, the author mainly tells us to___________. A. put plants that help clean indoor air B. create a new environment with plants C. put plants on the sunny side of the room D. make sure of suitable conditions for plants 5. What’s the benefit of plants growing together?
A. It provides owners good company. B. It helps the air around them slightly wet. C. It makes it convenient to look after them. D. It allows owners to draw a pleasant picture. 6. While watering the plants, what should we remember to do? A. Use water that is a little warm. B. Pour the water into the pot holder. C. Give small amount of water at one time. D. Consider further watering in dry weather. 7. What is the best time to feed the plants? A. When the soil is dry. B. When the temperature is high. C. When they have just been planted. D. When their growth is active. C Imagine a mass of floating waste is two times the size of the state of Texas. Texas has a land area of more than 678, 000 square kilometers. So it might be difficult to imagine anything twice as big. All together, this mass of waste flowing in the North Pacific Ocean is known as the Great Pacific Ocean Garbage Patch. It weighs about 3, 500, 000 tons. The waste includes bags ，bottles and containers—plastic products of all kinds. The eastern part of the Great Pacific Ocean Garbage Patch is about l 600 kilometers west of California. The western part is west of the Hawaiian Islands and east of Japan. The area has been described as a kind of oceanic desert，with light winds and slow moving water currents. The water moves so slow that garbage from all over the world collects there. In recent years，there have been growing concerns about the floating garbage and its effect on sea creatures and human health. Scientists say thousands of animals get trapped in the floating waste，resulting in death or injury. Even more die from a lack of food or water after swallowing pieces of plastic. The trash can also make animals feel full，lessening their desire to eat or drink. The floating garbage also can have harmful effects on people. There is an increased threat of infection of disease from polluted waste，and from eating fish that swallowed waste. Divers can also get trapped in the plastic. Its existence first gained public attention in l997. That was when racing boat captain and oceanographer Charles Moore and his crew sailed into the garbage while returning from a racing event. Five years earlier，another oceanographer learned of the trash after a shipment of rubber duckies got lost at sea. Many of those toys are now part of the Great Pacific Ocean Garbage Patch. In August，2009，a team fro m the University of California，San Diego became the latest group to travel to it. They were shocked by the amount of waste they saw. They gathered hundreds of sea creatures and water samples to measure the garbage patch’s effect on ocean environment. 8. How did the writer introduce the topic of the passage? A. By giving an example. B. By listing the facts. C. By telling a story. D. By giving a comparison. 9. Why do people pay attention to the Great Pacific Ocean Garbage Patch? A. Because it may prevent the flow of ocean water. B. Because the polluted plastic articles will move up the food chain.
C. Because it may be from an island in the pacific. D. Because ships may be trapped in the floating waste. 10. Which column can you find the passage on a newspaper? A. Sports and entertainment. B. Media and culture. C. Environment and society. D. Science and technology. 11. The purpose of writing this passage is to____________. A. warn people of the danger to travel in the pacific B. analyze what caused the waste patch in the pacific C. give advice on how to recycle waste in the ocean D. introduce the Great Pacific Ocean Garbage Patch D Zhang Heng was a Chinese mathematician，astronomer and geographer livin g AD 100～200 in the Eastern Han Dynasty. He wrote a great deal of literary works，which gained him considerable fame(名 声) as a young man. He served several positions in the government，but he later refused to serve in the government and spent the rest of life far away from the capital city，where he spent almost all of his time on scientific studies. There were many false scientific theories about the universe and Earth at that time. His theory was looked down upon because it was quite different from what people usually held. His idea of the universe was: the sky is like an egg and the Earth is like the yolk of the egg，floating alone in the centre of the universe. In the year of AD 132 ， Zhang Heng invented the seismoscope for predicting and measuring earthquakes. Such a device wasn’t created in Europe until 1,600 years later in France. After years of observing the sky，Zhang Heng was able to draw a very detailed map of the stars. His star map showed 124 constellations (星群)with a total of 2,500 stars,320 of which were bright stars with known names as of today. He also gave proper explanation to the world for the first time on the moon eclipse(月食). Zhang was also a famous and talented poet and wrote more than twenty beautiful poems. He has continued the influence on ancient Chinese culture. His works titled Dong Jing Glimpse and Xi Jing Glimpse have lively described about the local culture and folk art performances in the cities of Xi’an and Luoyang. 12.Besides being a famous Chinese mathematician，Zhang Heng was also a famous ________. a. astronomer b. geographer c .historian d. poet e. politician A. a b c d B. a b d C. b c d D. a b d e 13. What can we learn from the passage? A. Zhang Heng was the first person to draw a map of the stars in the world. B. European people didn’t know how to predict earthquakes in the 18th century. C. Dong Jing Glimpse and Xi Jing Glimpse are mainly about the culture of China. D. Chinese people first knew why there was moon eclipse about 1,800 years ago. 14. The underlined word “considerable” in Paragraph 1 means ________. A. complex B. important C. horrible D. much 15. What is this passage mainly about? A. Some of Zhang Heng’s famous theories. B. A brief introduction to the ancient Chinese scientist Zhang Heng. C. How Zhang Heng made some of his important discoveries. D.A brief introduction to Zhang Heng’s important inventions.
第二节 （共 5 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 10 分） 根据短文内容，从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项 Living away from your country can be a really interesting and unforgettable experience. But at the same time it has very important effects（影响）on your life. 36 The major effect, and also a very common one, is that once you start a regular life away from home, you miss everything. 37 Little things like sitting on a Sunday morning watching TV alone instead of having a nice chat with your mom make you realize how valuable your family really is. 38 Since you are living in a place with different customs and traditions from yours, you have to be able to develop yourself in conditions which you are not familiar with. This means making new friends, accepting different opinions, and catching every opportunity you have to go to new places. The most significant effect of living away from home is the independence that grows inside you. 39 There is no one else to go to school, clean your room, and wash your clothes. Being independent will help you get over many difficulties. 40 You have to remember that all changes are difficult, but it is necessary to go through them to build your character and it helps you appreciate everything you have. A. Bad things don’t last forever and you have to make the best out of them. B. Missing your family and the attention they all paid to you is a very usual thing to do. C. Living far from home, even for a short period of time, can be really hard at the beginning. D. Living on your own far from your family gives you a lot of experience of organizing your life. E. The purpose of this passage is to discuss the three main effects that living in another country can influence your personal life. F. Foreign people are kind to you and your classmates and they understand the power of love. G. Living in a foreign country would mean learning how to accept another type of society and culture into your daily life. 第三部分 英语知识运用（共两节，满分 45 分） 第一节 完形填空（共 20 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 30 分） 请认真阅读下面短文，从每题所给的四个选项（A,B,C 和 D）中，选出最佳选项。 Once there was a family of three sons. The boys were not kind to one another. In fact, they 41 constantly, each one trying to outdo the others in some sort of sport. 42 , if one boy was building a raft, 43 had to build a canoe. Then the third had to build an even larger and finer boat. Because each of them worked 44 , their work was difficult, and the results were not always 45 . Of their three boats, not one was seaworthy. There was little 46 in their home. Their father despaired. He 47 they would never learn to cooperate. He decided to try to teach them a 48 .He gathered up a bundle of thin reeds (芦苇) a nd tied them together with strong vines (藤) . At dinner, he announced a(an) 49 :“Look at this bundle of twigs (嫩枝) ,” he shouted .“I 50 you to break it in half, for whoever 51 the secret will win a life of rich rewards.” The oldest son took the bundle in his 52 hands. He was strong, and he used all of his 53 to try to break the reeds, but they would not be broken. Finally he gave up, and his younger brother 54 the challenge. He balanced the reeds across the tabletop and used all of his weight to try to break the bundle, 55 it did not break. Finally, he gave up, and the youngest brother took the 56 bound twigs in his hands. He, too, struggled with all of his strength to snap
the bundle into two pieces, but it would not break. Finally, the father took the bundle from them. He untied the vine that 57 the reeds together. He then divided the bundle into three 58 piles of twigs. “Now break your twigs in two,” he said. Each boy, one 59 did as his father asked. The task was easy. Each bundle broke with hardly any effort. “When you divide your work, it is easy and you can 60 much,” the old man said. And with that, the young men understood that alone each of them was weak. But together, they had great strength. 41. A. struggled B. fought C. laughed D. cried 42. A .For instance B. For sure C In person D .In fact 43. A. other B. the other C. others D. another 44. A. together B. in person C. alone D. in group 45. A. seaworthy B .trustworthy C. worthless D. worthwhile 46. A. peace B. love C. war D. envy 47. A. believed B. feared C. realized D. noticed 48. A. trick B. lesson C. lecture D. skill 49. A. discussion B. argument C. competition D. game 50. A. dare B. encourage C. challenge D. urge 51. A. try out B. figure out C. carry out D. take out 52. A. thick B. thin C. soft D. skilled 53. A. energy B. strength C. power D. force 54. A. put on B. insisted on C. carried on D. took on 55. A. and B. or C. but D. so 56. A. tightly B. roughly C. loosely D. toughly 57. A .stuck B. struck C. held D. tied 58. A. modest B. equal C. average D. common 59. A. at a time B. at one time C. at the time D. at times 60.A. defeat B. lose C. learn D. accomplish 第 II 卷（非选择题 共 50 分） 第二节（共 10 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 15 分） 阅读下面材料，在空白处填上适当的内容（1 个单词）或括号内单词的正确形式。 Over the years I’ve been teaching the 61 ( Britain)kids about a simple but powerful concept— the ant philosophy(哲 学 ) , an 62 ( amaze)four-part philosophy. First, ants never quit. If they’re heading somewhere and you try to stop them, they’ll climb over, they’ll climb under, or they’ll climb around. They never quit 63 ( look) for a way to get where they 64 ( suppose )to go! Second, ants think about winter and summer. They are always gathering in their winter food in the middle of summer and they are making 65 ( prepare) for the long cold winter. So you have to think about storms in summer; think about rocks 66 you enjoy the sand and sun. Third, ants think about summer all winter. During the winter, they remind 67 ,“ This won’ t last long and we’ll soon be out of here. ”On the first warm day, t he ants are out. If it 68 ( turn)cold again, they’ll dive back down. But they come out again if it is warm. Last, how much will an ant gather during the summer to prepare for the winter? All that it 69 ( possible) can. 70 you can learn from the ant philosophy is: Never give up, look ahead, stay positive and do all you can. 第四部分 写作（共两节，满分 35 分）
第一节 短文改错 （共 10 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 10 分） 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有 10 处语言错误, 每句中最多有两处,每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加：在缺词处加一个漏字符号（∧）,并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除：把多余的词用斜线（＼）划掉。 修改：在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意：1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词； 2. 只允许修改 10 处,多者（从第 11 处起）不计分。 When I was young, my family lead a very poor life. One evening, it was raining hardly. My parents and I were on our way home. Dad held me on her back and Mom held the only umbrella for us. At the time, the road was extremely difficult to walk. Besides, I was very fat that Dad almost fell down several times. Arrive home, we found it was raining inside our house. Mom had to find me shelter from the rain. I fell asleep soon. While I opened my eyes, I found them sleeping in chairs, and they caught the bad cold. It was happened many years ago, but whenever I think of the scene, my tear roll down my cheeks. 第二节 书面表达（满分 25 分） 请以“One Thing I’m Proud of”为题，用英语写一篇 100 词左右的短文，记述一件你自己认为得意的事 情。要求如下： 1,记述事情经过； 2,简要说明你感到得意原因或从中得到的启示。 注意：文章的标题已给出（不计词数） One Thing I’m Proud of ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________
高二月考试卷答案 听力部分 1-5 CCABA 阅读理解 21-23 BCD 24-27 DBAD 28-31 DBCD 32-35BDDB 6-10 BCBCA 11-15 ABCAB 16-20 BACAC
36. E。根据下文可知，本文共介绍了三个主要影响，再结合选项内容可知，E 项“...discuss the three main effects...”为正确答案。 37. B。根据上文语境“you miss everything.”可知，B 项“Missing your family and the attention...” 为正确答案。 38. G。根据下文的“a place with different customs and traditions from yours, you have to be able to develop yourself in conditions which you are not familiar with.”可知，本段主要讲述的是在 国外生活需要了解当地的风俗习惯等等，由此可知，G 项为正确答案。 39. D。 根据上文的“The most significant effect of living away from home is the independent behavior that grows inside you.”可知，本段讲述的是在国外生活能够培养人的独立性，由此可知，D 项为正确 答案。 40. C。根据下文“You have to remember that all changes are difficult,”可知在国外生活会很困难， 由此可知 C 项“Living far from home, even for a short period of time, can be really hard at the beginning. 完形填空 41-45 BADCD 46-50 ABBCC 51-55 BABDC 56-60 ACBAD
第二节： 61. British 66. when/as/while
62. amazing 63. looking 64. are supposed 65. preparations 67. themselves 68. turns 69.possibly 70. What One Thing I’m Proud of I still remember how I became a good tab le tennis player. The first day I went to high school, I saw some of my classmates playing table tennis. Amazed at how skillful they were, I was determined to be just as good. Later on, I often wat ched them carefully to learn their techniques. Th en I kept practicing until I became confident enough to challenge the good players. At the end of the term I became one of the best players in my class. I am really proud of this experience, because it helps me realize that we all can fulfill our potential and achieve our goals through hard work. It also helps me better understand the proverb "Practice makes perfect.”