Module 1 My First Day at Senior High
1．academic 2．system n. 3．previous adj. 4．teenager n. adj.
学术的 制度；体系；系统 以前的；从前的 少年
5．website n． 6．brilliant adj. 7．comprehension n. 8．diploma n.
网站；网址 (口语)极好的 理解；领悟
1． province 2． enthusiastic 3． amazing 4． information 5． instruction n. n． 省
adj. 热心的 adj. n. 令人吃惊的；令人惊讶的 信息 (常作复数)指示；说明
6． method 7． bored
方法 厌烦的；厌倦的 尴尬的；难堪的；困窘的 态度 行为；举动
8．embarrassed adj. 9． attitude n. 10． behaviour n.
11． description 12． amazed adj.
记述；描述 吃惊的；惊讶的 令人尴尬的； 令人难堪的 技术 使印象深刻
embarrassing adj. 13．
14．technology 15． impress vt. n.
16． correction n． 17． encouragement n. 18． enjoyment 19． fluency n. n. n.
改正；纠正 鼓励；激励 享受；乐趣 流利；流畅 误解
21． disappointed 22． disappointing 23． disappear 24． move 25． assistant vi. n. vi.
失望的 令人失望的 消失 搬家 助手；助理
26． cover vt. 27． 28． 29．
包含 换句话说 期待；盼望 在……开始的时候
in other words look forward to at the start of
30． at the end of 31． go to college 32． be divided into 33． take part in
在……结束的时候 上大学 被(划)分成…… 参加
( 一) 核心单词
1． academic 2． system n. 3． previous adj. 4． teenager n. 5． website n. 6． brilliant adj. 7． comprehension n． 8． diploma n. adj.
以前的；从前的 少年 网站；网址 (口语)极好的 理解；领悟 文凭；毕业证书
1． method n． 2． attitude n. 方法；办法 态度；看法；意见 信息 技术 搬家；移动；离开 包含；报导；涉及 n. 省 鼓励；激励 享受；乐趣
3． information n. 4． technology n. 5． move vi. 6． cover vt. 7． province
8． encouragement n. 9． enjoyment n.
1 ． Unless you change your
( 态度 ) towards your (包含)
studies, you won' t make any progress. 2． The book is said to be a special one, which covers many events that cannot be found in other history books. 3 ． The system can collect information ( 信息 ) for undersea mineral gathering or oil drilling. 4．Personally, I used to try effective my academic goals. 5． With this technology
methods (方法 ) to achieve
(技术 ), many people are losing the
opportunity to talk to friends face to face. 6． He told me to send his letters on to his new address when he moved (搬家)．
1.enthusiastic adj.热心的→ enthusiasm n．热心；热情 2．amazing adj.令人吃惊的；令人惊讶的→ amazed 的；惊讶的→ amaze vt.使吃惊→ amazement adj.吃惊 n．吃惊 v．命令；
3．instruction n．(常作复数)指示；说明→ instruct 指示
4． bored adj.厌烦的；厌倦的→ boring adj.令人厌烦的；令 人厌倦的→ bore vt.使厌烦
5．embarrassed adj.尴尬的；难堪的； 困窘的→embarrassing adj. 令人尴尬的；令人难堪的→ embarrass vt.使尴尬；使难堪 → embarrassment n．尴尬
6． behaviour n．行为；举动→ behave vi.举止；表现 7． description n．记述；描述→ describe vt.描述 8． impress vt.使印象深刻→ impression n．印象→ impressive adj.令人印象深刻的 9． disappointed adj.失望的→ disappointing adj.令人失望的→
disappoint vt.使失望→ disappointment n．失望
10． assistant n． 助手； 助理→assist vt.帮助→ assistance n． 帮 助；协助 11．disappear vi.消失→ appear vi.出现
12．misunderstanding n．误解→ misunderstand vt.误解；误会 13．correction n．改正；纠正→ correct vt.改正 adj.正确的
1． Are there any instructions trees? 2．Much to my embarrassment, he asked me some embarrassing questions about my personal life, which made other guests also embarrassed .(embarrass) 3． He was disappointed at the disappointing news, so there was a
(instruct) on how to plant the
look on his face.(disappoint)
4． It is an amazing discovery so we are amazed at it; to our
amazement ____________, it is a disabled man who made the
5． Jane is
bored because her job is boring , which bores her
misunderstand somebody, it' s likely to lead to a
parents.(bore) 6 ． If you
misunderstanding _______________ . (misunderstand)
7． Tom behaved well at the party; his good behaviour delighted his parents greatly.(behave) 8． What impressed the audience most was Mr Green' s lecture because it was so impressive .(impress) 9． Tom is an assistant teacher in the college. He often assists the students with their problems and gives assistance to any student in need.(assist)
( 二) 常用短语
1． be similar to 2． nothing like 3． by oneself 4． in other words 5． look forward to 6．be impressed with/by 7． be divided into 8．take part in 与……相似 一点也不像；完全不 单独地；独自地 换句话说 期待；盼望 对……印象深刻 被 (划 )分成…… 参加
1．The library is divided into different zones in our school. 2．The car is nothing like the one they advertised.
In other 3．He never hides his real opinions towards others. ________ words he is a person with a straight forward personality. ______, 4．How many countries took part in the last Olympic Games?
5．We are looking forward to receiving your email in no time. 6．What they performed during the finals is similar to their ordinary training.
( 三) 经典句式
原句背诵 句式解构 佳句仿写
玛丽的书写比彼得 的好得多。 Mary' s handwriting is far better than that of Peter.
1.We' re using a new textbook and Ms Shen' s that 作为替 method of teaching is nothing like that of the 代 词 替 代 前 teachers at my Junior 面提到 的内 High school. 我们使用的是一套新课 容。 本并且沈老师的教学方 法一点也不像我在初中 时的老师们的教学方法。
2.I don' t think I will be bored in Ms
我认为在 2016 年
don' t 奥运会上，他并非
Shen' s class! 我认为上沈老师的课 我是不会感到厌倦 的！
think ...为否 失败者，因为他尽 定 转 移 结 力了。 I don't think he ________________ 构。 was a failure at _____
2016 Olympics because he tried his best then.
3.In other words, there are three times as many girls as boys. 换句话说，女生的人 数是男生的三倍。
他拥有的书的数量 是他妹妹的 3倍。 He has got ______ three times as many ________________
books as his sister. ________
( 四) 初中考点再回顾
1. a feeling of satisfaction 2. a man of few words 3. a photo of my family 4. accept an invitation 5.a set of keys 满足感 寡言少语之人 我的全家福 接受邀请
1. at very good prices 2. call 110 3. call me at 6034 4. in English 5.at big/great sale 以很低的价格 拨打 110 拨打电话 6034 找我 用英语
1.table manners 2.eating habits 3.healthy food 4.eat out 5.take one' s order 餐桌礼仪 饮食习惯 健康食品 出去吃饭 点菜
Describe your attitude to studying English.
描述一下你对学英语的态度。 attitude to/towards ... 对……的态度/看法
have/take a positive/negative attitude to/towards ... 对……持肯定/否定的态度
单句语法填空 ① What is the author's attitude towards the Yellowstone wolf project？ (2017· 全国卷 Ⅲ) 补全句子 ② In contrast, people who have/take a negative attitude
towards/to life have buried the ability to see opportunities. _____________
写出下列语境中红体词的含义 ③The photograph has caught him in the attitude of prayer.
The teachers are very enthusiastic and friendly
and the classrooms are amazing. 老师们很热情、友好，教室很令人吃惊。
(1)It' s amazing that ... (2)amaze vt.
It amazes sb. that ...＝ What amazes sb. is that ... 使某人惊讶的是…… (3)amazed adj. be amazed at/with sth. be amazed to do sth. (4)amazement n. to one' s amazement in amazement 吃惊的，惊奇的 对某事很吃惊 做某事感到惊讶 惊奇，惊愕 令某人惊讶的是 惊讶地，吃惊地
单句语法填空 ① You will be amazed (amaze) at the progress we have
made in such a short time. ② It' s
(amaze) that how much better things
look after a good night' s sleep.
补全句子 ③ Visitors are amazed to find that great changes have taken place in Shanghai within a year. 游客们惊奇地发现一年内上海发生了惊人的变化。 ④ Hearing my words, the girl looked at me
in amazement ______________.
一句多译 使我惊奇的是，他把这首诗从头到尾背诵了出来。 ⑤ To my amazement , he was able to recite the whole poem from memory.(amazement) ⑥ What amazed me was that he was able to recite the
whole poem from memory.(what 引导的主语从句)
“令人 ……的 ”；以 ed 结尾的形容词强调人内心的感受，常 译为 “感到 ……的 ”。 [联想发散] 可用于“to one' s＋ n.”结构的抽象名词还有：
delight, surprise, satisfaction, astonishment, disappointment 等。
[ 教材原句 ]
Ms Shen gave us instructions and then we
worked by ourselves. 沈老师给我们作出说明，然后我们独立完成。
(1)instruct vt. instruct sb. to do sth. instruct sb. in sth. (2)instructive adj.
命令；指示 命令/指导某人做某事 教授某人某方面的知识 有教育意义的
[多角练透] 单句语法填空 ① I believe, under the instruction (instruct) of their father, the children must be very sensible. ② The students need a teacher to instruct them to paint (paint). ③ It is the most
(instruct) lecture that I have
attended since I came to this school.
补全句子 ④ Read the instructions on the bottle medicine. 服药前阅读药瓶上的说明。 [ 名师指津] instruct 作 “命令”讲，后跟宾语从句时，从句 before taking the
谓语动词用“(should＋ )动词原形 ”形式。
4．impress vt.使印象深刻；使……铭记；让……明白……(的重 要性等)
Li Kang is very impressed with the teachers
and the technology in his new school. 新学校里的老师和教学方法给李康留下了深刻的印象。
(1)impress sb.with sth.
impress sth.on/upon sb./one' s memory 使某人铭记某事 be impressed with/by ... (2)impression n. 对 ……有深刻印象 印象；印记
leave/have/make a(n) ...impression on sb. 给某人留下 ……的印象 (3)impressive adj. 给人深刻印象的；感人的
单句语法填空 ① I think that this is the most writing. ② He left a deep impression on me and gave me the inspiration to pick up my pen again. ③ Williams was impressed (impress)with Benjamin and gave
impressive (impress) piece of
him two classic books on painting to take home.(2017· 浙江高考)
句型转换 ④ The first time I saw the little girl, she impressed me with her big, bright eyes. → The first time I saw the little girl, I was impressed
with/by _______ her big, bright eyes.
5．cover vt.包含，涉及；覆盖，掩盖；行走 (路程 )；看完 (…… 页书 )；(记者 )采访，报道；占用(一段时间或空间)；足以 支付 n.封面 (底 )；盖子
Secondary school in the US usually covers
seven years, grades six to twelve. 美国中学通常包括六到十二年级在内的七个年级。
写出下列句中 cover 的含义
① The talks are expected to cover other topics too.
② The exhibition covers an area of 1,000 square metres. ③ Those figures might not even cover the cost of damage.
④ He did cartoons and covers for the New Yorker magazine. 封面
⑤ Next, cover the hole with the plastic sheet, securing the edges of the plastic with dirt and weighting the sheet ' s center down with a rock.(2017· 全国卷Ⅰ)
⑥ We will send the best journalist to cover the whole game.
cover ... with ... be
? ?in/with covered ? ? ?by
用……盖住…… 被……覆盖着(强调状态) 被……覆盖(强调动作)
⑦When I woke up, I found the ground covered with/in heavy
Ⅰ .单句语法填空 1． She was amazed
how calm she felt after the accident.
2． The wild flowers looked like a soft orange blanket covering (cover) the desert. 3． Maria impressed the interviewers with her knowledge and experience, and as a result, she was offered the job. 4． John was fired last month because of his casual attitude
towards/to his job. __________
5．Taken according to the
medicine will work for your headache.
6． What my father did this morning was comprehension, so I am still confused now. 7． Jenny got a job as an
assistant of an engineer in a big
company after her graduation. 8． The misunderstanding (misunderstand) between the two friends led to their quarrel.
Ⅱ .单句改错 1． For further informations, please visit our website.
2． They cannot understand the instruction on a medicine bottle. instruction→instructions 3． The champagne is excellent, but the food is disappointed. disappointed→disappointing 4． That was an impressed performance from such a young tennis impressed→impressive player. 5． She is enthusiastic at singing and she wants to be a singer in the future.
Ⅲ .句型转换 1 ． We were disappointed to know that Tom didn' t pass the English examination again. →
To our disappointment ,
Tom didn't pass the English
examination again. 2． We were most impressed with your art skills, in which you showed outstanding talent. → What impressed us most you showed outstanding talent. was your art skills, in which
3．I was bored with this lecture, so I wish I could go out to see a movie with my girlfriend now. → Bored with this lecture, I wish I could go out to see a movie with my girlfriend now. 4． What made me amazed was that she had won the championship of shooting. → To my amazement shooting. , she had won the championship of
1．in other words 换句话说
In other words, a smile could serve as a
bridge to connect two people and shorten the distance between two hearts. 换言之， 微笑是连接两人之间的桥梁并能缩短两颗心之间 的距离。
in a/one word keep/break one' s word have a word with sb. Word came that ...
总之；简言之 遵守诺言/食言 与某人谈话 有消息传来……(此时 word 为不可 数名词)
单句语法填空 ① I soon found that the work I was doing had already been done by someone else. In time. ② In a/one colorful. word, my life will be much richer and more other words, I was wasting my
单句改错 ③ You shouldn' t trust him because he is always breaking his words.
④Being the office supervisor, I had to have word with a new employee who never arrived at work on time.
have 后加 a
补全句子 ⑤ Early in the morning word came that Mr. Black had been elected president of the company. 一大早， 就有消息传来， 布莱克先生已经当选为公司的董事长。 [名师指津] 形式。 keep/break one' s word 中的 word 决不能用复数
2．look forward to 期望，盼望(to 是介词)
Looking forward to seeing you a second
time.(2017· 天津高考书面表达 ) 期盼再次见到你。 (1)look forward 有时表示“向前看”， 后面跟 to do 表示目的。 (2)在定语从句中常考查 look forward to，其后的动词与 to 没 有任何关系。
[多角练透] 单句语法填空 ① Sarah Thomas is looking forward her new Alevel course.(2017· 全国卷Ⅲ ) ② He was already looking forward to practising the new music. 单句改错 ③ The day that he had looked forward to coming at last.
the challenge of
[联想发散] 常见的含有介词 to 的短语还有 ① be/get used to＝ be accustomed to 习惯于
② devote oneself to ... ③ get down to ④ lead to ⑤ object to ⑥ appeal to
致力于 …… 着手做 …… 导致 反对 呼吁
3．take part in 参加，参与
I take part in all kinds of afterschool activities
— I play football, basketball, volleyball，table tennis and I go to theater club. 我参加各种课外活动 ——我踢足球、打篮球、打排球、打乒 乓球，而且我还去戏剧俱乐部。
participate in＝take part in take an active part in play a part in 在…… 参加，参与 积极参加/参与 中起作用；在……中扮演角色
[多角练透] 补全句子 ① It goes without saying that taking an active part in social
activities can broaden our horizons. _________
不言而喻，积极参加社会活动能开阔我们的视野。 ② Any student who is interested in this activity is welcome
to take part/participate _____________________.(2016· 全国卷Ⅱ 书面表达)
句式升级 ③ 600 students participated in the sports meeting. → There were 600 students participating in the sports
[名师指津] 加介词 in。 在使用 take part in 时， 若其后无宾语， 则不
take part in, join, join in, attend
part in 态度，在活动中发挥作用
指参加某些活动或比赛等，也可以用于join sb. in sth. 主要指参加会议、仪式、婚礼、葬礼、典礼或
attend 上课、上学、做礼拜、听报告等，强调的是 “参加”这一动作本身，不强调参加者的作用
选词填空(take part in/attend/join/join in) Many friends came to ④ take part in/join in my birthday party yesterday. Some of them began to sing “Happy Birthday” to me, and soon others ⑤ joined them. We all enjoyed ourselves. Because we had to get up early to ⑥ attend school the next morning, we had to end the party.
4．否定转移 I_don' t_think I will be bored in Ms Shen' s class! 我认为上沈老师的课我是不会感到厌倦的！
本句采用了否定转移结构。否定转移是指把对宾语从句的 否定转移到主句谓语动词上，它必须同时满足三个条件： (1)主语是第一人称 I 或 we； (2)主句谓语是一般现在时； (3) 谓语动词应是 think, believe, suppose, guess, expect, imagine 等。
① I don't think Tom is the right sort of person for the job. 我认为汤姆不是做这份工作的合适人选。 ② I don't believe everyone will be successful.
由 think, believe, suppose, imagine, expect等
动词后接宾语从句构成的主从复合句，在构成反意疑问句 时，视情况有不同的表达形式： (1)当主句的主语为第一人称时，其后的反意疑问句的主 谓语应与从句保持一致。 (2)当主句的主语为第二、三人称时，其后的反意疑问句 的主谓语应与主句保持一致。
③ I don' t suppose that the man can finish the work on time,
我认为这个人不能按时完成这项工作，对吗？ ④ He doesn't think it will rain, does he ? 他不认为会下雨，是吗？
5．倍数表达法 In other words, there are three_times_as_many_girls_as boys. 换句话说，女生人数是男生的三倍。
three times as many girls as 为一种倍数表达方式，其构 成形式为“倍数＋as＋many/much＋n.＋as”。
三种常见表示 “倍数 ”的句型： (1)倍数＋ as＋ adj./adv.的原级＋ as ... (2)倍数＋ adj./adv.的比较级＋ than ... (3)倍数＋the＋性质名词 (size/length/width/height/depth ...) ＋ of ...
一句多译 我们的学校已经扩大了，是原来的三倍大。 ① Our school has expanded into a big one, which is three
times as big as the previous one. _____________
② Our school has expanded into a big one, which is three
times bigger than the previous one. ________________
③ Our school has expanded into a big one, which is three
times the size of the previous one. ______________
Ⅰ .单句语法填空 1 ． The weather of Beijing is much colder than that Nanjing in winter. 2． If you go to attend the party to be held tonight, so will I. 3． The lecture was far from a failure; it was a great success. 4 ． His wife is my daughter; motherinlaw.
other words, I am his
5． Every one of us is looking forward to taking summer holidays. 6． The scene is nothing like greatly disappointing.
what you described. It is
7．“ The interest shall be divided into five parts, according to the agreement made by both sides，” declared the judge. 8． The first time I saw Linda, I wanted to make friends with that lovely girl.
9． At the
end of the interview, the employee expressed her
thanks to the boss for giving her such a good chance to work in this famous company. 10．We should take
an active part in social activities during
Ⅱ .单句改错 1． We are looking forward to receive your email in no time.
2． I don' t believe you can finish the work in three days, can ' t you？
can' t→ can 去掉 a ________
3． What a fun it is to play computer games in my spare time！ 4． It' s said that the power plant is now twice as larger as what it larger→large was. 5． Please allow me to introduce myself at start of the class. at 后加 the ____________
Ⅲ .根据提示词和相关要求补全句子 1．我认为我不会赢得比赛，但我想尽自己最大的努力。 (否定转移) I don't think I can win the competition, but I want to try my best. 2．他们是那么小的孩子以至于他们不能自己打扫房子。 (by oneself) They are such little children that they can ' t clean the house by
3．为了玩游戏，今天早上在英语课上老师把我们分成三组。 (be divided into) In order to play a game, we were divided into three groups by the teacher in our English class this morning. 4．北京是我家乡的十倍大。(倍数＋as ... as) Beijing is ten times as big as my hometown. 5．他没有完成作业，我也没有完成。 (部分倒装 ) He didn't finish his homework, neither/nor did I .
Ⅰ .单句语法填空 1． Mrs. Smith usually drinks (drink) tea with her good friends in the living room. 2．It' s surprising (surprise) that your father should say those words to you. 3． It' s four o' clock in the afternoon. The children are playing (play) football on the playground. 4． Spring is coming of flowers. 5． Shelley, a famous writer, says, “ If winter comes (come), can spring be far behind？” (come), so let' s go out to enjoy the beauty
Ⅱ .单句改错 1． As far as I know, many students think that the oral exam can be frightened.
2． The boy was delightful with his new computer. He had been wanting one for a long time.
3． We were amazing at their talent with which they solved their difficulties.
4． We are told that the train for Beijing left at four this afternoon.
5． This great film is more excited than any one that I' ve ever seen.
[题目要求] 假如你是李华，你们学校准备在下学期每天安排一节自习 课。学校英语社团就此在学生中做了一项调查。请你根据以下调 查结果把下面的短文扩写成 100 词左右的发言稿。
Don't care One period for individual study？ Agree Disagree
30% 55% 15%
According to the survey, more than half of the students feel it beneficial to do so while 15 percent hold an opposite view. Firstly, the period will serve as an open opportunity to review what we' ve learnt previously. In addition, the rest seem to care little about it. As for me, the time for individual study is beneficial to us students. We can use this period to review what we' ve learnt previously and do our homework. Moreover, we can turn to the teachers or classmates for help.
Good morning, everyone! Recently a survey has been done in our school about whether it is necessary to set aside a period in each school day for individual study. According to the survey, more than half of the students feel it beneficial to do so while 15 percent hold an opposite view. In addition, the rest seem to care little about it.
As for me, the time for individual study helps us students in many ways. Firstly, the period will serve as an open opportunity to review what we' ve learnt previously. Also, we can use this period to do our homework so that we can have more time to preview the lessons. Moreover, we can turn to the teachers or classmates immediately we encounter any problems of learning. Only by using our time more efficiently can we become a better learner. Thank you very much for your attention!