高一英语寒假作业（四） 第一部分 阅读理解（共两节，满分 40 分） 第一节 (共 15 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 30 分) 阅读下列列短文，从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出最佳选项。并在答题 卡上将该选项涂黑． A Before you make friends, you have to decide who you want to be your friends. Most people like to have friends who like to do the same kinds of things they do. The quickest way to make a friend is to smile. When you smile, people think you are friendly and easy to talk to. It may not be easy at first to smile, but remember most people will stay away from a scared or angry looking face, One easy way to start a conversation with someone is to say something nice about them. Think about how great you feel when someone says something nice to you. Doesn’t it make you want to keep talking to that person? Ask your new friends questions about themselves. Who’s their favorite singer, where do they live, what do they do after school are all good questions to start a conversation. Make sure you have something to add to the conversation too. Kids who show an interest in other kids and who are kind and friendly make good friends. Remember, everyone wants to be around people who like to do similar things and people who are nice to them. 1. This passage gives us some advice on____________. A. how to make friends B. what kind of person you can make friends with C. how to start a conversation] D. the importance of smile 2. Most people like to make friends with those__________. A. who smile to everyone B. who share the same interest C. who are fond of talking D. who say nice things to them 3. According to the third paragraph, most people enjoy talking to one______. A. who is always smiling B. who seems to be friendly C. who praises you D. who point out your shortcoming(缺点) B Then comes the July, and with it are examinations; but these are soon finished and with them ends the school year. Boys and girls have nearly two months holiday before them as they leave school by train and car to return home to their fathers and mothers. The summer holidays are the best part of the year for most children. The weather is usually good, so that one can spend most of one’s time playing in the garden or, if one lives in the
country, out in the woods and fields. Even if one lives in a big town. One can usually go to the park to play. The best place for a summer holiday, however, is the seaside. Some children are lucky enough to live near the sea, but for others who do not, a week or two at one of the big seaside towns is something which they will talk about for the whole of the following year. In England, it is not only the rich who can take their children to the seaside; if a factory worker or a bus driver, a street cleaner or a waiter wants to take his wife and children to South end or Margate, Blackpool or Clacton, he is usually quite able to do so. Now, what is it that children like so much about the seaside? I think it is the sand, sea and sun more than any other things. Of course, there are lots of new things to see, nice things to eat, and exciting things to do, but it is the feeling of sand under one’s feet, of salt water on one’s skin. And of the warm sun on one’s skin, and of the warm sun on one’s back that make the seaside what it is. 1. Summer holidays start _______. A. with July B. as soon as the examinations are over C. in mid----June D. in August 2. After the examinations, all the pupils leave for home -_____. A. by train only B. by car C. by bike D. by either train or car 3. The summer holidays last ______. A. as long as two months B. more than two months C. one and a half months D. a little less than two months 4. Children like the seaside so much, because they can ____. A. swim in the sea B. play with the sand C. take a sunbath D. do all of the above C As is known to us, Washington University in St. Louis became the first college in the United States to ban (禁止) selling bottled water in 2009. Since then, more than a dozen small colleges and schools have done the same. The ban isn’t because the schools don’t want students to have easy access to water. Instead, the goal is to encourage students to bring reusable bottles to save money and, more importantly, to save the environment. Many people believe that producing and using bottled water not only wastes money but also harms the environment. They say that bottled water is unnecessary because public water supplies in the U.S. are among the best in the world. These people believe that water fountains and reusable bottles with easy access to filling stations are a better choice. But the makers of bottled water argue that plastic bottles make up a small portion of the nation’s total waste. They say it’s unfair to single out (单独挑出) their product when so many other items are packaged (包装) in plastic containers, and what’s more, water is a healthy choice compared to some sodas and juices that are also sold at school. What do you think: Should sales of bottle water be banned from schools? We want to hear
your opinion. Write a 200-word response. Send it to firstname.lastname@example.org. Your response may be published in a future issue of Time For Kids. Please include your grade level an contact information for your parent or teacher if you want your response to be published. The deadline (截 止时间) for responding is August 31, 2012. 1. Some colleges and schools ban selling bottled water in order to A. save water C. reduce pollution .
B. encourage students to bring water from home D. keep students away from bottled water .
2. The main disadvantage of bottled water is probably that A. it is too expensive C. it’s not convenient to carry B. it is not fresh
D. Its bottle can’t be reused
3. Which of the following is TRUE according to the passage? A. Bottled water is healthier. B. Sodas and juices are of great harm. C. Students think it unfair to ban selling bottled water. D. The makers of bottled water are against banning selling bottled water. 4. The purpose of the passage is to A. ask for students’ opinions B. tell people a piece of news C. call on students to save the environment D. wish more schools to ban selling bottled water D Pets are no strangers to the White House. Many of America’s Presidents have been animal lovers. In recent times, White House pets have been tame （温顺的） dogs and cats. Long ago, however, presidential pets, like our nation itself, were wild! In 1806, President Thomas Jefferson lived in the White House. Passersby often caught sight of his pet bears. Explorers had discovered these fierce （凶猛的）bears, caught a pair of small ones, and sent them to Jefferson. While the President was excited about his bears, his enemies in Congress constantly laughed at his pets, calling the White House “The President’s Bear Garden”. By 1825, the bears were long gone from the White House scene. The building was home to President John Quincy Adams and his crocodile （鳄鱼）. The green beast actually belonged to General Lafayette, a French hero who had helped the United States win the Revolutionary War. When Lafayette asked Adams to keep the crocodile for him, the President couldn’t refuse. When President Martin Van Buren moved into the White House in 1837, he brought his tigers with him. At least, Van Buren said the tigers were his. The Sultan of Oman had sent the tigers when Van Buren was elected, so Congress argued （争辩说） that the cats belonged to the American people. A fight over the tigers continued for months. In the end, Congress sent someone to seize the tigers and put them in a zoo. Twenty years later, President James Buchanan received another valuable gift when he was in his first year in the White House. This time the King of Siam sent several elephants! Buchanan had no desire to share his building with the big creatures, so he sent them to the zoo. Buchanan did, however, keep another gift — a pair of birds. They were a fitting symbol of presidential power. 1．According to the passage, we can infer that . A．the pets the Presidents raised were all huge ones B．the pets the presidents owned were all their favorite ones. .
C．the Presidents kept the pets not only at home but in the zoo D．the Presidents’ pets were not only cared about by their families 2．How did the Presidents mentioned get their unusual pets? A．They got them in the forest. B．They bought them at the market. C．The pets were given to them by others. D．Their family members offered them the pets. 3．What similar political effect did Jefferson’s bears and Van Buren’s tigers have? A．The pets made them happy and gay. B．It took them too much time to look after them. C．It made people believe that they were animal lovers. D．It brought about dissatisfaction with them in Congress. 4.When did President James BLuchanan get elephant? A.1825 B.1826 C.1845 D.1857 第二节（共 5 小题：每小题 2 分，满分 10 分） 【题文】根据短文内容， 从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项 为多余选项。 Doctors say anger can be an extremely damaging emotion, unless you learn how to deal with it. They warn that anger can lead to heart disease, stomach problems, headaches, emotional problems and possibly cancer. ___1___ Some people express anger openly in a calm reasonable way. Others burst with anger, and scream and yell. But other people keep their anger inside. They can not or will not express it. This is called repressing anger. For years many doctors thought that repressing anger was more dangerous to a person’s health than expressing it. They said that when a person is angry, the brain releases the same hormones (荷尔蒙). They speed the heart rate, raise blood pressure, or sugar into the blood, etc. ___2___ Some doctors say that both repressing and expressing anger can be dangerous. They believe that those who express anger violently may be more likely to develop heart disease, and they believe that those who keep anger inside may face a greater danger of high blood pressure. ___3___ They say the first step is to admit that you are angry and to recognize the real cause of the anger, then decide if the cause is serious enough to get angry about. If it is, they say, “___4___ Wait until your anger has cooled down and you are able to express yourself calmly and reasonably.” Doctors say that a good way to deal with anger is to find humor in the situation that has made you angry. ___5___ A. In general the person feels excited and ready to act B. They said that laughter is much healthier than anger. C. Expressing anger violently is more harmful than repressing it D. Anger may cause you a cancer. E. Do not express your anger while angry. F. Anger is a normal emotion that we all feel from time to time.
G. Doctors say the solution is learning how to deal with anger.
第二部分 英语知识运用（共两节， 满分 45 分） 第一节 完形填空（共 20 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 30 分）
阅读下面短文，从短文后各题所给的四个选项（A, B, C, D）中，选出可以填入空白处的最 佳选项，并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 The school was across the street from our home and I would often watch the kids as they played during the break． She seemed so small as she pushed her way the playground．She 37 from them all． 36 the crowd of boys on
I began to notice her at other times，basketball in hand，playing 38 ．She would practice dribbling(运球) and shooting over and again，sometimes until 39 ．One day I asked her 40 she practiced so much．She looked 41 in my eyes，and without a moment of hesitation she is to get a scholarship．I am going to play
said．“I want to go to college．The only way I can 42
college basketball．I want to be 43 ．My Daddy told me if the dream is big enough，the facts don’t count．” Well，I had to give in to her—she was 44 ．One day，I saw her sitting in the grass，head 45 in her arms．I walked toward her and quietly asked what was 46 ．“Oh，nothing，”came a soft reply．“I am just too short．”The coach told her that at her height she would probably 47 get to play for a top-ranked team, 48 college． She was 50 and I sensed her disappointment．I asked her if she had talked to her dad about the receive a scholarship．So she 49 stop dreaming about
it yet．She told me that her father said those coaches were wrong．They just did not 51 power of a dream．He told her
52 she really wanted to play for a good college，if she truly
wanted a scholarship， 53 could stop her except one thing—her own attitude． He told her again， “If the dream is big enough，the facts don’t count．” The next year， as she and her team went to the Northern California Championship game， she was seen by a college recruiter(招聘人员)．She was indeed offered a 54 ．She was going to
get the college education that she had 55 and worked toward for all those years． 36．A．through 37．A．brought out C．stood out 38．A．only 39．A．dark 40．A．how B．across B．showed out D．worked out B．lonely B．dawn B．when C．simply D．alone C．over D．into
C．midnight C．why C．quietly C．enter
D．daybreak D．what D．directly D．attend
41．A．worriedly B．shyly 42．A．go 43．A．worse B．get B．better
C．the best C．fixed
D．fascinated D．buried[ D．the matter D．never
46．A．the affair B．the wrong 47．A．ever B．even
48．A．far more B．much less C．much fewer 49. A．Should D．many more C．can D．may
50．A．overjoyed B．moved 51．A．understand 52．A．even if
B．experienceC．learn D．believe B．as if C．that if D．only if
53．A．anything B．nothing 54．A．prize B．medal
C．something D．everything C．scholarship B．accepted D．appreciated D．position
55．A．dreamed of C．thought of
第二节 阅读下面材料，用不多于 3 个单词的正确形式填空（共 10 小题：每小题 1.5 分，满 分 15 分）
Well, if buying a bag of candies or cookies doesn’t appeal to you, how about buying a tree instead?
Every year, approximately 1.6 billion tons of soil 31________ (flow) into the Yellow River. Over time, much soil has been removed，32_______ (cause) serious erosion of the land along the River. Therefore, it is of great 33______ (important) to control Yellow River erosion. Many people believe this kind of work is best done by government or international 34_______(organize). You may agree 35_______ this point of view. If so, it is time for you to think again. In fact, it is you 36_____have the most important role to play in stopping Yellow River erosion. Did you know 37_______to do with 5 Yuan ？ It can buy you a tree, 38_______will help you make soil on the land. On land with rich soil, local farmers can grow crops to make 39____ living. With the money 40______earn from their crops, farmers buy goods or services. This helps to develop local economies. 第三部分 写作（共两节，满分 35 分） 第一节 短文改错（共 10 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 10 分） 【题文】假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文，请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。 文中共有 10 处错误，每句中最多有两处，每处仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加：在缺词处加一个漏字符号（^） ，并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除：把多余的词用斜线（\）划掉。 注意：1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词； 2. 只允许修改 10 处，多者（从第 11 处起）不计分。 Yang Li, a five-year-old girl living next door to me, very clever. Because she is not old enough to go to the school, she often asks me to teach herself to read, write and draw. She studies hardly and soon she learns a lot. One evening last month I was doing my English homeworks when she came to my house. She asked me how I learned English. “You would find English a bridge for so much knowledge,” I said. She then wanted to learn English, either. She has learned many English words so far but her parents are very grateful to me.
书面表达（满分 25 分）
假设你叫李华,是一名高中生.最近,你在某国外的图书网站购买了一本图书,遇到了一些问题. 为此,你决定向该公司的服务部进行投诉.主要内容包括： 1.图书比预计晚到 10 天 2.图书出现了缺页现象 3.希望问题尽快得到解决 注意： 1.词数 100 左右；可以适当增加细节，以使行文连贯； 2.信的开头和结尾已为你写好，但不计人总词数。
Dear Sir and Madam, My name is Li Hua. I am a student of a high school in China.
Yours, Li Hua
高二英语寒假作业（四）参考答案 第一部分 阅读理解（共两节，满分 40 分） 第一节 (共 15 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 30 分) 阅读下列列短文，从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出最佳选项。并在答题 卡上将该选项涂黑． A 篇:ABC B 篇:BDDD C 篇:CDDA D 篇:DCDD
第二节（共 5 小题：每小题 2 分，满分 10 分） 【题文】根据短文内容， 从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项 为多余选项。 FAGEB 第二部分 英语知识运用（共两节， 满分 45 分） 第一节 完形填空（共 20 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 30 分） ACDAC DACAD DDBAD ACBCA
第二节 阅读下面材料，用不多于 3 个单词的正确形式填空（共 10 小题：每小题 1.5 分，满 分 15 分） 31. flows 32. causing 33. importance34. organizations 35. with 36.who/that 37.what 38.which 39.a 40.they 第三部分 写作（共两节，满分 35 分） 第二节 短文改错（共 10 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 10 分） 71.very 前加 is 74.hardly → hard 77.would → will 第二节 72.去掉 the 78.for → to 73.herself → her 76.how → why 79.either → too 80.but →and
75.homeworks → homework
书面表达（满分 25 分）
My name is Li Hua. I am a student of a high school in China. I’ve recently bought a book from your website. However, some problems have arisen, which makes me upset. I am writing to complain about them. First of all, the book I ordered reached me ten days later than expected, which brought me lots of inconvenience. Worse still, when I looked through it, I found that a few pages are missing, which makes me rather disappointed. I know you are a famous book-selling website, but my experience shows that your service needs improvement. I would appreciate it if you can send me another book as soon as possible. I am looking forward to your early reply.