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雅思考试2018年3月10日内容解析--威学一百


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雅思考试 2018 年 3 月 10 日内容解析--威学一百 听力
一、 考试概述: 本场听力考试较为常规,填空题 20 题,选择类 20 题,其中多选和匹配占了较大比例,可能 会对不熟悉此类题型的同学造成困扰。 Section 1:咨询,俱乐部课程和细节,10 填空 Section 2:介绍,购物旅行线路,4 多选 6 匹配 Section 3:讨论,婴儿与语言学习,5 选择 5 匹配 Section 4:学术,关于野猪和红鹿的介绍,10 填空 二、具体题目分析: Section 1 场景: 咨询—俱乐部课程和细节 题型:10 填空 参考答案: 1-10) Table Completion 1. Trainer’s name: Mark Crichton 2. Location: Sport Centre 3. Length: 800 metres run 4. Time: 6:15 5. Long road runner 6. Thursday 7. Location: North Park 8. Recommended to buy: a club vest 9. Next competition is going to be on month of the July 10. Contact phone number: 07958477222 (答案仅供参考) Section 2 场景: 介绍——购物旅行线路 题型:4 多选 6 匹配 参考答案: 11. A products are locally made 12. B in a history house 13. B Acorn’s Street 14. A Thursday and Saturdays 15. A allow more customers 16. B baked food 17. Romantic evening 18. Visitors are welcome 19. Beach front view 20. Picture of well-known star

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(答案仅供参考) Section 3 场景:讨论——婴儿与语言学习 题型:5 选择,5 匹配 参考答案: 21-25) Multiple Choice 21. C choosing focus 22. C 23. B 24. D 25. C 会把两种语言搞混 未来就业时更具优势 能够同时解决很多问题 私立双语学校的学费太贵

26-30) Matching 26. C 对第一位教授的内容认为结构不清晰 27. F 对第二位教授的内容认为样本数量太少 28. C 对第三位教授的内容认为主题不够明确 29. B 对第四位教授的内容认为没有逻辑的分析 30. D 对第五位教授的内容认为太过简单 (答案仅供参考) Section 4 场景:学术——关于野猪和麋鹿的介绍 题型:10 填空 参考答案: 31. Boar is not a protected species of wild animal 32. They damage to environment 33. The spread of diseases 34. Law banned using: poison is forbidden in many countries 35. Kept feeding them in the forest 36. Destroyed the vegetables: like melons, tomatoes and potatoes 37. Boars come out in the winter because the food is scare then 38. Recently with an increasing population 39. Farmers keep the number of deer for deer hunting 40. Deer will destroy farmers’ crops (答案仅供参考) 阅读 一、考试概述: 今天的考试虽然题型众多, 但是文章没有涉及特别难懂的理论型实验, 也没有出现过多的配 多题目,所以整体难度中等。只要烤鸭们勤背单词,扎实基本功,阅读还是能够稳中取得高 分的。 Passage 1

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The history of farming 农业历史和发展 5 填空+8 判断 Passage 2

欧洲儿童健康 4 小标题配对+4 判断+5 单选 Passage 3

Managing the language barrier in business 商业中的语言障碍 8 摘要选词+5 句子填空+1 单选

二、具体题目分析 Passage 1: 题目:The history of farming 农业历史和发展 题型:5 填空+8 判断 题号:新题 文章大意:从古至今农业的发展以及具体形式。 参考答案: 1-5) 填空 1. shortages。农业开始的原因:食物匮乏,所以填 shortages 2. C 开头的一个词 3. Isarel。地点是在 Isarel 4. 和 wheat 并列的植物。 5. hunting 动物。 6-13) 判断 6. F.farming gathers 比古埃及人更瘦小。 7. T. 8. NG. 9. T。机械化种植产量更高 10. F 11. F。接下来 20 年,农作物产量不能翻一番。 12. T。动物吃的比人多。 13. NG。UN 对将来的农业发展有信心 (答案仅供参考) 参考文章: The History of Farming "Over 80 percent of mankind's diet is provided by the seeds of less than a dozen plant species." Over the years man has invented new machines and techniques to increase the amount and variety of crop production. The following will be an overview of the history of farming. We will examine the major historical cultures, the development of the tractor, and the major types of agriculture practiced today.

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The roots of farming began in the areas of present day Turkey and the Middle East about 10,000 years ago. Two of the earliest settlements are known as Catal Hüyük and Jericho. Catal Hüyük had, by 6000 B.C., more then 1000 houses. It is at this place that we have discovered evidence of people taking wild grasses and using the seeds for food and planting for the next years food. These seeds are now known as cereals and make up a large percentage of the worlds food supply. Jericho, like many early cities, was located around a consistent water source, a spring which produced over 1000 gallons of water every minute. Jericho consisted of about eight to ten acres on which it is estimated that two to three thousand people lived. These people were supported by farming of wheat, barley, peas, and lentils. Archeologist believe the earliest settlers in this area were a small group of hunter-gathers. Hunter – gathers would live off the land forging berry and edible plants, as well as hunting wild animals. These types of people lived in smaller groups because they had to be mobile to find more food. It was not until man began to plant and harvest crops that large permanent settlements could be established, like at Jericho. We find many of the early civilizations began along major river systems. For example Egyptians settled along the Nile River, Harappa culture along the Indus, Chinese Empire along the Huang River and the Mesopotamian Countries along the Tigris and Euphrates rivers. The river systems provided these early civilizations with a consistent source of silt from the yearly floods and water for the crops. The silt is like a natural fertilizer, bringing new minerals to enrich the crop depleted soil. Farming changed very little from early times until about 1700. In the 1700's an agriculture revolution took place which led to a large increase in the production of crops. This increase of crops came about in a large part by ". . . little more then the final destruction of medieval institutions and the more general adoption of techniques and crops which had been known for a long time". Included in some of these changes was also the adoption of crops from the "new world" such as corn and potatoes which produced a very large yield. In the 1850's, the industrial revolution spilled over to the farm with new mechanized methods which increased production rates. Early on, the large changes were in the use of new farm implements. Most of these early implements were still powered by horse or oxen. These new implements combined with crop rotation, manure and better soil preparation lead to a steady increase of crop yield in Europe. The advent of steam power and later gas powered engines brought a whole new dimension to the production of crops. Yet, even as recent as 100 years ago, four-fifth of the world populations lived outside towns and were in some way dependent on agriculture. Even in 1970's Griggs suggests that half of the worlds working population is still employed in agriculture. In the following pages we will examine the cultures, the farming types, the tools, and much more as they relate to agriculture. Passage 2: 题目:欧洲儿童健康 题型: 4 小标题配对+4 判断+5 单选 题号:新题 文章大意:Biotechnology’s third wave 第三波生物科技比前两次都要意义深远,在工业商业 方面都有影响。针对这次进行了研究,利用酶和另一种技术,不同科学家进行了不同研究。

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参考答案: 14-17 小标题配对题 14. ii.SectionA 讲了欧洲儿童存在的问题 15. viii. 16. vi.SectionC 提到了为孩子设置的训练项目 17. v。SectionD 说到父母应该成为孩子的榜样 18-21) 判断 18. NG.男孩比女孩的 blood.. 高 19. T。英国比欧洲其他地区小孩运动少 20. F 21. T。 22-26 单选 22. A 23. C 24. B。**Kid Ltd.成立的目的是训练成年人如何开展运动俱乐部 25. B。教授认为父母应该为孩子做出榜样。 26. E。文章主旨是研究欧洲儿童健康问题及对此的建议。 (答案仅供参考)

Passage 3: 题目:Managing the language barrier in business 商业中的语言障碍 题型:8 摘要选词+5 句子填空+1 单选 题号:新题 文章大意:MNs 如何解决商业中存在的语言障碍。 参考答案: 27-34 摘要选词 27. K。client 28. B。 29. J。 30. C 31. L。 32. H。 33. N。 34. E。 35-39 句子填空 35. unnecessary luxuries。 36. 待补充 37. model。做榜样 38. three years。需要花 3 年。

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39. 待补充 40 单选 40. C (答案仅供参考)

写作 TASK 1 类型:柱状图 题目: The chart below shows the average snow depth in Canada during the 6 months. Summarize the information by selecting and reporting the main features and make comparisons where relevant.

参考范文(Word Count 171) The chart compares the average depth of snow in Canada from November to April for three years. According to the chart, the amount of snow depth in November per year experienced a slow increase from 100 to 150, and the similar trend could be seen in December and January in which the amount of snow reach 150 and approximately 220 in the third year respectively.

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However, when it comes to February in three years, snow thickness showed a slow increase from 200 to 350 before significantly decreasing to 150 in the third year. It is noticeable that snow reached 350 in thickness in March of the second year, which was dramatically more than other two years. Furthermore, after rising from 200 to 400 in April during three different years, the quantity of snow depth substantially decreased to 150. To sum up, the depth of snow reflected a rising trend from November to April both in the first and the second year, while it experienced diverse fluctuations simultaneously in the third year.

TASK 2 题目类别:社会类 提问方式:观点类 考试题目: Some people think that one of the best ways to solve environmental problems is to increase the cost of fuels for cars and other vehicles. To what extent do you agree or disagree with this statement? (Word count: 284) Excessive traffic and increasing pollution are affecting every major city in the globe. To lessen such problems, some people say that governments should raise the price of fuel such as petrol and diesel. It may help to some extent, but I disagree that it is the best solution to solve the problem of environment. One reason why this approach may not work is that there is not just one environmental problem the world faces today. If governments did make fuel more expensive, it might well help reduce the amount of carbon dioxide we produce and so slow down the rate of global warming and air pollution. However, it would not help with other major problems such as intensive farming, overpopulation, the hole in the ozone layer or water pollution. For these problems we need to find other solutions. A second reason why this policy may not be the most appropriate is that it places the emphasis on governmental policy and not individual responsibility. Ultimately, most environmental problems are the result of the way we as individuals live our lives. If we wish to find a long-term and lasting solution to them, we need to learn to live in a way that it is greener or kinder to the environment. What governments need to do to make this happen is to ensure there is a global programme to educate people of all ages about the environmental consequences to their actions. In summary, I believe that increasing the level of taxation on fuel is at best a short-term solution to only one environmental problem. If we wish to provide a home for our children’s children, education is likely to be the key to making this happen.

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口语 一、考试概述: 以下为 3 月份本场考试话题,请考生们扎实准备。 1. Describe a business leader that you admire. 2. Describe an activity you do to keep fit 3. Describe a photo that you remember well 4. Describe something you bought that made you happy 5. Describe an advertisement you have seen recently 二、具体题目分析: Describe an activity you do to keep fit You should say: What you do When, where you usually do it How you do it And explain why it can keep you fit I'm going to talk about swimming, which is one of the most popular sports in China. There are swimming pools everywhere and many people, old and young, like to hit the pool, especially in the summer. I swim about 3 times a week. In the summer, in those really scorching months, I go more often, like every other day. There's a pool within walking distance of my home and that's where I like to swim cos the pool water there is pretty clean and warm. How I do it ... well, honestly, I'm not sure how to talk about this point ... Um, I just go there and swim for about an hour or so and then I take a shower before heading home.

I like this sport mainly because it helps me keep fit and shed pounds. I used to have a sweet tooth and I always snacked on some chocolate and ice cream and many other calorie-laden things. Then, about 3 years ago, I decided to live a healthy life and that was when I made up my mind to go swimming on a regular basis. I've lost about 20 pounds over the past couple of years. Plus, swimming builds my endurance and muscle strength. Every time after swimming, I feel like it has given me an energy boost.


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