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最新人教版PEP小学英语六年级上册期末复习知识点汇总


六年级 PEP 上册知识点总结

Unit 1 How can I get there?

places: ( 地点)

library 图书馆 post office 邮局 hospital 医院 turn left 左转 turn right 右转 cinema 电影院 bookstore 书店 science museum 科学博物馆 go straight 直行 pet hospital 宠物医院 school 学校 supermarket 超市 crossing 十字路口 shoe store 鞋店 Italian restaurant 意大利餐馆

一、 描述某地点所处位置的短语 near 在…..附近 next to 与…..相邻 beside 在…..旁边 in front of 在……前面 behind 在 …..后面 between 在…..之间 二、问路的重点句型: 1.Where is the cinema, please? 请问电影院在哪儿? next to the bookstore 紧挨着书店 in front of the school. 在学校的前面. behind the park 在公园的后面 It’s near the zoo. 在动物园的附近. on Dongfang Street 在东方大街上 over there 在那边 2. Excuse me, is there a cinema near here ? 请问这附近有电影院吗? Yes, there is. /No,there isn’t. 有./没有。 3. How can I get to the hospital? 我该怎样到达医院呢? How can I / we get there? 我/ 我们怎样到那? 回答 Turn right/ left at the … 在… 地方向右/ 左转. 或 Go straight 向前直走. 或 You can take the No.31 bus. 你可乘坐 31 路公交车去。 注意: 到那儿 get there 到某地 get to Canada/Australia/Beijing/ Shanghai/Wuhan get to the hospital/zoo/bookstore 4. Is it far from here? 离这儿远吗? Yes, it is. / No, it isn’t. 是的很远/ 不是很远。

Unit 2 Ways to go to school
(一)、 词汇

四会

交通工具 traffic tools

bike ( 自行车) bus (公共汽车) train (火车) plane ( 飞机)

其他

by ( 乘坐) slow down 慢下来 foot (脚) stop 停下来 how (怎样) go to school (上学)

ship (轮船) taxi 出租车 ferry 轮渡 sled 雪橇 subway ( 地铁) ( 交通工具前加 by ,表示乘坐,但步行要用 on foot )

(二)、重点句型
① 询问交通方式用疑问代词 how

? ?

—— How do you go/come to school ? 你怎样去/来上学?

—— I go/come to school on foot . 我走路去/来上学。 —— How does your father go to work ? 你父亲怎样去上班? —— He goes to work by subway . 他坐地铁去上班。 在邮局旁边。

② 询问地点,用疑问代词 where

Where is your home ? 你家在哪里? It’s near the post office .

Where are the teachers ? 老师们在哪儿 They are in the teacher’s office .在老师的办公室。 ③ 问路: How can I get to the Fuxing Hospital? 我怎么去福星医院? You can take the No .1 bus . 你可以乘坐 1 路公交车。
④ 交通规则(traffic rules ):

Stop and wait at a red light . 红灯停 Go at a green light . Slow down and stop at a yellow light . 黄灯停
⑤ You must drive slowly. You must wear a life jacket.

绿灯行
You must stop at a red light

你必须开慢点。 Don’t go at a red light.
不要在红灯时走。 课本第 16 面的一些交通规则

你必须穿救生衣。 Don’t run on the ferry.
不要在轮渡上奔跑。

你必须在红灯时停。 Don’t let the dogs run too fast.
不要让狗跑的太快。

In China and the USA drivers drive on the right side of the road . 在中国和美国,司机靠右行 驶。 In England and Australia, drivers drive on the left side of the road. 但是在英国和澳大利亚,司机靠左边行驶。

Unit 3 My weekend plan
(一)、 词汇
四会

next week /weekend 下周/ 周末 this morning 今天上午

newspaper comic book

报纸 漫画书

Time (时间 )

activities (活动)

this afternoon 今天下午 word book 单词书 this evening 今天晚上 this weekend 这个周末 dictionary 字典 tonight 今夜 tomorrow 明天 post card 明信片 take a trip 去旅游 theme park 主题公园 see a film 看电影 others pet shop 宠物店 go to the supermarket 去看电影 ( 其他) supermarket 超市 visit my grandparents 参观祖父母 shoe store 鞋店

二、 重点句式和句型:
本单元中出现的一个重点语法是一般将来时:表示将要发生的动作或状态 ,常和表示将来的时间连用。

构成: 陈述肯定句: 主语 + be going to + 动词原形+ 其他 例子 I am going to (go to) the bookstore by bus this afternoon. He/ She is going to take a trip by train this weekend. We/ They are going to see a film tonight.

否定句: 主语 + be + not going to +动词原形+其他 例子 I am not going to (go to) the bookstore by bus this afternoon. He/ She is not going to take a trip by train this weekend. We/ They are not going to see a film tonight. 一般疑问句: Be+ 主语+ going to +动词原形+其他 ? 例子: Are you going to the bookstore by bus this afternoon? Yes,I am . No, I’m not. Is he/ She going to take a trip by train this weekend? Yes, he/ She is. No, he/ She isn’t. Are we/ they going to see a film tonight? Yes, we/ they are. No, we/ they aren’t. 特殊疑问句: 特殊疑问词+ 一般疑问句 ? 例子: What are you going to do this afternoon? Where are you going this afternoon?

How are you going to the bookstore this afternoon? When are you going to the bookstore by bus? (以上特殊疑问句中 are you 可以替换为 is he , is she, are they, are we 等) 三、 重点句型: 1. we’re going to see a film about space trael! 我们将要去看关于火星之旅的电影。 2. We are going to draw some pictures in Renmin Park.我们打算去人民公园画一些画。 3. Have a good time! 玩的愉快。 4. ----What are you going to do in the future? 你将来想干什么? ----I’m going to be a science teacher one day. 或 I want to be a science teacher one day. 我想将来有一天当科学老师。 将来时态还可以用 情态动词 will +动词原形表示 例 1. I am going to visit my grandparents this afternoon. I will visit my grandparents this afternoon. 2. I am not going to visit my grandparents this afternoon. I won’t visit my grandparents this afternoon. 3. Are you going to visit your grandpaents? Yes,I am. /No, I am not. 4. Will you visit your grandparents? Yes,I will. / No, I won’t. 注意: won’t = will not 5.What(什么 ) are you going to do tomorrow? I am going to have an art lesson. Where(哪儿) are you going? We are going to the bookstore. When (什么时候) are you going? I’m going next Sunday./at3:00/tomorrow/this morning. How(怎样) are you going? I am going by bus/on foot. I am going to take a bus. Who (谁) are you going with? I am going with my mother/sister/friend. 三、 重点句型: 1. 常用表达法: What are you going to do tomorrow? 你明天打算做什么? I’m going to have an art lesson. 我要去上美术课。 We’re going to draw some pictures in Renmin Park. 我们要到人民公园去画画 Where are you going? 你们打算去哪?X k B 1 . c o m

We are going to the cinema. 我们打算去电影院 When are you going? 你们什么时候 去? 2.课文中的重点语句 I have to do my homework now. My cousin Jack is going to visit me next week. We’re going to see a film about space travel. Have a g ood time, I hve lots of comic books about space. Why not go on Tuesday? Why not 后面接动词原形,表示建议,意思是:为什么不? My grandma will tell us a story about Chang’e. What are you going to be? What do you want tobe? I’m going to be a businessman. I want to be a businessman.

Unit 4 I have a pen pal
本单元的重点是谈论某人的兴趣爱好,语法是动词的-ing 形式和动词的第三人称单数形式。 一、词汇: dance (dancing) 跳舞 sing (singing ) 唱歌 hobby play football (playing football) 踢足球 (爱好) read story (reading stories ) 看故事 hobbies do kung fu (doing kung fu ) 练武术 live (lives) in Shiyan 住在十堰 like (likes) 喜欢 teach (teaches) English 教英语 study ( studies Chinese 学习汉语) go (goes) hiking 去远足 cook (cooks ) Chinese food 制作中国食物) 第三人单数 watch (watches) TV 看电视 read (reads) newspaper 读报纸 do (does) word puzzles 猜字谜 二、句型: 1. 询问某人的兴趣爱好: ①----What’s your hobby?(单数句式) What are your hobbies?(复数句式) 你的爱好是什么?
(单数句式)

----I like reading stories and singing. 我喜欢读故事书和唱歌。 I also like…我也喜欢… ② ---- What’s Peter’s (his) / Amy’s (her) hobby? What are Peter’s (his) / Amy’s (her) hobbies? (复数句式) ---- He / She likes reading stories and singing. 他 / 她喜欢读故事书和唱歌。 2. 表示征求别人意见 Can I also be his pen pal? 我也可以做他的笔友吗? Sure.当然。 Yes,I/they/.we do. No,I/ they/ we don’t. 3. 由助动词 Do/Does 引出的一般疑问句: Do you/they/ we live in Sydney ?. Does he/she /xxx live in Sydney? Does he/she/xxx like doing word puzzles and going hiling? Yes, he/she does. No, he/she doesn’t. 助动词 Do/Does 引出的问句中一定有一个实意动词,为动词原形。助动词一出现,后面动词就不变。 三、语法用法: (1)表达喜欢做某事,通常要用动词的-ing 形式, 即:like doing sth. 如:like singing / playing football / listening to music / playing the pipa / watching TV 等

(2)一般现在时的用法 表示经常或习惯性的动作或状态,常与 every day /morning /evening ,often, usually, always,sometimes 等 状语连用。 如: We do morning exercises every day. He usually goes to school by bike. 结构:肯定句:主语+动词+其他。 如: Miss white teaches English. 否定句:主语+don’t/doesn’t +动词+其他 如:Miss white doesn’t teach English. 一般疑问句:Do/ Does +主语+ 动词原形+其他? 如: Does Miss White teach English? 肯否定回答:Yes,she does ./ No, she doesn’t . 备注:第三人称单数用 does, doesn’t. 没有 does,doesn’t 时 动词必须要有变化。 四、语法记忆小锦囊 ★ 一般现在时用法记忆歌: 肯定句的现在式,不是三单用原形,要是三单就加 s,es, 若是否定疑问句,没有 be 就加个 do,碰到三单加 does。 如把 does 加在前,动词就要还原形。 ★ 第三人称单数记忆小诀窍: 我不能 S,你不能 S,他们她们它们、大家都不能 S。 谁 S?他她它 S。 五.课文中的重点语句: He lives on a farm,so sometimes he reads to the cows. I live in Beijing. He also likes singing. I’m going to teach him the Chinese song” Jasmine Flower” I’m writing an email to my new pen pal in Australia. Can I also be his pen pal? Sure.Why not? Do you want to learn about robbots? He teaches students to make robots. Who does the dishes? Who teaches math? Who cooks noodles?

Unit 5 What does he do ?
(一) 词汇 四会 singer (歌手) writer ( 作家) head teacher 校长 dancer 舞蹈家 worker ( 工人) cleaner 清洁工 postman ( 邮递员) driver 司机 businessman ( 商人) secretary 秘书 职业 football player 足球运动员 job 三会 fisherman (渔民) scientist ( 科学家) police officer (警察) pilot ( 飞行员) coach (教练) cook( 厨师) (二 )重点句型 ① 询问职业 Hong Kong ( 香港) sea (大海) factory ( 工厂) stay ( 保持) university (大学) help ( 帮助) money (金钱) gym ( 体育馆 ) use ( 使用 type ( 打字 ) quickly ( 迅速地)

What does he(she) do ?/What is he(she) ?/What’s his(her) job? 他是做什么的? He/ She is a doctor. 他是一个医生。 What do you do ?/What are you ? / What’s your job? 你是做什么的? I ’m a student . 我是一个学生。 ② 询问工作的地点 Where do you work ? 你在哪儿工作?I work in a school . 我在一个学校工作。 Where does she / your mother work ? 她 / 你妈妈在哪儿工作? 上词可替换。 She works in a hospital . 她在一个医院工作。 一般疑问句 : Does he work in a factory ? 他在工厂工作吗 Yes ,he does . 是的。 ③ 询问怎样去工作 How does your father go to work ? 你父亲怎么去上班? 上词可替换。 He goes to work by car . 他开车去上班。 ④ He works very hard and stays healthy. 他工作很努力而且保持健康。 We should study hard and stay healthy. 我们应该努力学习并且保持健康。 healthy life 健康生活 He works at sea. He works on a boat. He has a very healthy life. lots of fish 许多鱼 other cuntries 其他国

He is good at football. She wants to work in an office.

Unit 6 How do you feel?
情绪 angry 生气的 afraid 害怕的 sad 难过的 worried 担心的 happy 高兴地 see a doctor 看病 take a deep breath 深吸一口气 count to ten 数到十 wear warm clothes 穿暖点 do more exercise 多锻炼

重要句型: 1、They’re afraid of him. 2、The cat is angry with him. 3、What’s wrong ? 4、 Don’t be sad . 5、He should 他们害怕它。 这只猫很生他们的气。 你爸爸病了。

yYour father is ill. 怎么了 别担心。

see a doctor this morning I am sad. I feel sad. He/She feels sad.

6、How do you feel?

7、How does he/she feel?

He/She is sad.

8、 Should I/you/he/she do? 我/他/她/某人应该怎么做?
You / He / She should + 动词原形(表示建议) 你/他/她应该…

You/He /She /I should take a deep breath and count to ten.


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