汕头市潮南区东山中学 2013 届高二上学期期中考试 英 语
I 语言知识及应用 (共两节，满分 45 分)
第一节 完形填空 (共 15 小题，每小题 2 分，满分 30 分) 阅读下面短文，掌握其大意，然后从 1—15 各题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 项中，选出最佳 选项，并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 Dad loved children. And he always wanted a ____1______ family. Eventually, he got what he wanted with twelve children in the family. Without fail, he would show us off to visitors. Once, Dad _____2_____ presented the first three children in the family, Ann, Mary and Ernestine, to some visitors. Then he picked up a fourth child, and said, "And this is our _____3_____ model, complete with all the improvements. And don't think that this is all; we are _____4_____ the 1953 model some time next month." But what he _____5_____ most was taking us out or a drive. On one occasion a man in a village we were passing through shouted _____6_____ that he had seen eleven people in our car, not _____7_____ Mum and Dad. _____8_____, called out over his shoulder, "You _____9_____ the second baby up from the front here, Mister." Another time, Dad told us this joke, though we were not sure then whether he was telling us the ____10_____. Mum, who was a psychologist (心理学家), once went to give a lecture and left Dad in charge of the _____11_____. When Mum returned, she asked him if everything had been OK. He said everything was fine _____12_____ one of the children had been taught a lesson because he had been _____13_____. When he pointed at the child that had been _____14_____, Mum looked at him calmly and said, "That's not one of ours, dear. He _____15_____ next door." 1. A. rich B. lovely C. close D. large D. proudly D. youngest D. improving D. hoped D. directly D. reaching D. Easily D. left D. accident D. activity
2. A. surprisingly B. nervously C. kindly 3. A. dearest 4. A. ordering 5. A. hated 6. A. crazily 7. A. counting 8. A. Immediately 9. A. saw 10. A. truth 11. A. lecture B. smallest B. selling B. enjoyed B. excitedly B. naming B. Carefully B. missed B. story B. house C. latest C. expecting C. cared
C. curiously C. showing C. Angrily C. forgot C. adventure C. office
12. A. even if 13. A. troublesome 14. A. found 15. A. goes to
B. apart from B. careless B. caught B. belongs to
C. so that C. active C. punished C. works
D. except that D. quiet D. wounded D. plays
第二节 语法填空 (共 10 小题，每小题 1.5 分，满分 15 分) 阅读下面短文， 按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求， 在空格处填入一个适当的 词或使用括号中词语的正确形式填空， 并将答案填写在答题卡标号为 16—25 的相应位置上。 In the last yeas of the 1920s, hundreds of record flights were made. A few of them were made by women, but by that time no woman ___16___(fly) acorss the Atlantic Ocean. A wealthy American woman, Amy Guest, boutht a plane __17___(do) this. However, her family were against the idea, __18___she looked for another woman to take __19__ place. Her friends suggested Amelia Earhart, ___20___ first became interested in flying while living in Toronto. American publisher George Putnam helped organize the Atlantic Ocean flight which made Amelia famous. Afterwards, __21___continued to support her flying activities. In 1931, George and Amelia were married. He helped provide financial support __22___her. On May 20th,1932, Amelia took off from Newfoundland. She headed east in __23___small red and gold plane. Amelia faced great challenges, __24___ice on the wings and fog from the ocean. At one point, her plane dropped ___25___ (sudden) nine hundred meters. She regained control, and after fifteen hours, she landed in Ireland. She had become the first woman to fly across the Atlantic Ocean alone.
II 阅读理解 (共两节，满分 50 分)
第一节 阅读理解（共 20 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 40 分） 阅读下列短文，从每题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 项中，选出最佳选项，并在答题卡上将该 项涂黑 A British Festivals
Every year, all sorts of different festivals are celebrated in Britain. Some are village festivals, celebrated by only a few hundred people, while others are celebrated by almost the entire population. Two of the most well-known British festivals are Bonfire Night and Halloween. Bonfire Night has an interesting histroy. In 1605, a man called Guy Fawkes and some of his followers tried to blow up the British Houses of Parliament. They hoped that if they succeeded, they could take control of England and become its new rulers. Guy Fawkes and his men dug a
tunnel under one of the Parliament buildings, and his 36 barrels of gunpowder there. Fortunately, on November 5th, Guy Fawkes was caught just before he was able to light the fuse. He and all his followers were burned to death. Today, people in Britain celebrate Guy Fawkes’ capture by lighting fires and holding fireworks displays. Many children make ―guys‖. Guys are dolls made out of paper and rags, and are put on top of a bonfire to be burned. The guys represent Guy Fawkes, and the fire represents the way he died. Halloween is celebrated in Britain on the night of October 31st. At this time, it is believed that ghosts and witches travel around the countryside and revisit their homes. There are many customs associated with Halloween. One of these is the game of ―trick or teart‖. Children, dressed up as witches, ghosts or monsters, knock on their neighbours’ doors, and shout ―trick or treat‖. If they are lucky, they receive a ―treat‖—a bar of chocolate, or some sweets or some money. If. However, their neighbours refuse to give them anything, they play a trick on them. They might spray their front door with shaving foam, or knock on their doors and then run away! Another game played at Halloween is ―bobbing for apples‖. In this game,a bowl is filled with water,and apples are placed in it. Children then have to take a bite from one of the apples without using their hands. This game is difficult and messy,but great fun! Bonfire Night and Halloween are two important festivals celebrated in every part of Britain each year. They are enjoyed by both young and old and have been for many centuries. 26. Bonfire Night and Halloween ________. A.have been celebrated in Britain since 1605 B. are not celebrated by many British people C. are two of the most well –known British festivals D. are celebrated on the night of October 31st. 27. On Bonfire Night, __________ A. people light fire and hold fireworks displays. B. people capture Guy Fawkes. C.children dress up as witches, ghosts or monsters D. children play ―trick or treat‖. 28. Halloween is celebrated _______.
A.on the last night of October C. by ghosts and witches
B. on the first night of October D. during the day on October 31st
29. At Halloween, if your neighbours refuse to give you a treat, you ________. A. spray shaving foam at them. C. knock on their door. 30. Bobbing for apple is ______ A.a game played on Bonfire Night. C. difficult, messy and boring. B. not much fun. D. a game played at Halloween. B. play a trick on them D. give them some sweets or some money.
B ―If there is one thing I’m sure about, it is that in a hundred years from now we will still be reading newspapers. It is not that newspapers are a necessity. Even now some people get most of their news from television or radio. Many buy a paper only on Saturday or Sunday. But for most people reading a newspaper has become a habit passed down from generation to generation. The nature of what is news may change. What basically makes news is what affects our lives —the big political stories, the coverage of the wars, earthquakes and other disasters, will continue much the same. I think there will be more coverage of scientific research, though. It’s already happening in areas that may directly affect our lives, like genetic(基因) engineering. In the future, I think there will be more coverage of scientific explanations of why we feel as we do—as we develop a better understanding of how the brain operates and what our feelings really are. It’s quite possible that in the next century newspapers will be transmitted( 传 送 ) electronically from Fleet Street and printed out in our own home. In fact, I’m pretty sure that how it will happen in the future. You will probably be able to choose from a menu, making up your own newspaper by picking out the things you want to read—sports and international news, etc. I think people have got it wrong when they talk about competition between the different media. They actually feed off each other. Some people once foresaw that television would kill off newspapers, but that hasn’t happened. What is read on the printed page lasts longer than pictures on a screen or sound lost in the air. And as for the Internet, it’s never really pleasant to read something just on a screen.
31. What is the best title for the passage? A. The Best Way to Get News C. Make Your Own Newspaper 32. In the writer’s opinion, in the future,______. A. more big political affairs, wars and disasters will make news B. newspapers will not be printed in publishing houses any longer C. newspapers will cover more scientific research D. more and more people will watch TV 33. What will probably be on in the newspaper made by yourself? A. Sports and international news. C. The most important news. 34. From the passage, we can infer______. A. newspapers will win the competition among the different media B. newspapers will stay with us with other media C. television will take the place of newspaper D. the writer believe some media will die out 35. The phrase ―feed off‖ in the last paragraph means______. A. depend on B. compete with C. fight with D. kill off B. A menu of important news. D. What you are interested in. B. The Changes of Media D. The Future of Newspaper
C Recently many countries of the world have been faced with the problem of how to make their workers more productive. Some experts claim the answer is to make jobs more varied. But do more varied jobs lead to greater productivity? There is evidence to suggest that while variety certainly makes the workers’ life more enjoyable, it does not actually make them work harder. As far as increasing productivity is concerned, the variety is not an important factor. Other experts feel that giving the worker freedom to do his hob in his own way is important and there is no doubt that this is true. The problem is that this kind of freedom cannot easily be given in the modern factory with its complicated machinery which must be used in a fixed way. Thus while freedom of choice may be important, there is usually very little that can be done to
create it. Another important consideration is how much each worker contributes to the product he is making. In most factories the worker sees only one small part of the product. Some car factories are now experimenting with having many small production lines rather than a large one, so that each worker contributes more to the production of the cars on his line. It would seem that not only is the degree of workers’ contribution an important factor, it is also one we can do something about. To what extent( 程 度 ) does more money lead to greater productivity? The workers themselves certainly think this is important. But perhaps they want more money only because the work they do is so boring. Money just lets them enjoy their spare time more. A similar argument may explain demands for shorter working hours. Perhaps if we succeed in making their jobs more interesting, they will neither want more money, nor will shorter working hours be so important to them. 36. Which of these possible factors leading to greater productivity is NOT true?. A. To make jobs more varied B. To give the worker freedom to do his job in his own way C. Degree of work contribution D. Demands for longer working hours 37. Why do workers want more money? A. Because their jobs are too boring C. To make their jobs more interesting B.In order to enjoy more spare time D. To demand shorter working hours
38. The last sentence in this passage means that is we succeed in making workers’ jobs more interesting________. A. they will want more money B. they will demand shorter working hours C. more money and shorter working hours are important factors D. more money and shorter working hours will not be so important to them 39. In this passage, the author tells us_______ A. how to make the workers more productive B. possible factors leading to greater productivity. C. to that extent more money leads to greater productivity
D. how to make workers’ jobs more interesting. 40. The author of this passage is probably a _____ A. teacher B. worker C. manager D. physicist
D In a book called Magnificent Obsession, by Lloyd C. Douglas, a description is given of people helping others but doing it secretly. When difficult problems worried an individual, friends nearby would meet to discuss possible solutions without the individual knowing their actions. When a solution was agreed upon, one or two of the friends would carry out the plan and solve the problem secretly, to the great delight of the worried individual. The helpers would stand by privately, content with their success. No reward was given to the problem solvers, not even a sincere ―thank you‖, because they were never known. This concept is popular today but in a different way. The phrase ―pay it forward‖ is now used when one person helps another. However, the person helped may not be able to repay the person or group that helped them. So rather than return the favor to their helpers, they are supposed to help someone else in the future, which means they pay it forward. It is a sense of responsibility which makes us want to give back in equal measure to the one who has helped us. But, in this case, the responsibility turns to helping someone in the future. Suppose your elderly grandmother pays part of your schooling. She may tell you there is no need to repay her because it is a gift from someone who loves you very much. Nothing would please her more than to have you use her money to get a good education. You may never be able to repay her for such a gift. However, she not only gave you some money, but she provided you with an example that you should also help other people who need it. People with serious needs are everywhere. Many are children who need better clothes, more books and even better schools. Some are elderly people who can’t afford their medicine or a doctor’s care. Consider how you can ―pay it forward‖ rather than pay money back to your grandmother. 41．The helpers in the book ―Magnificent Obsession‖ were not rewarded because ________. A. they hadn’t solved the problems thoroughly B. they had solved the problems secretly C. they were friends of the worried individual
D. they expected to be paid back in the future 42. The underlined word ―pay it forward‖ means ________. A. to repay someone who has helped you B. to pay someone else who needs help C. to help someone who has helped you D. to help someone else who needs help 43．What does the writer suggest with the example of ―your elderly grandmother‖? A. We should learn to respect our grandparents. B. We should work hard to get a good education. C. We should also lend a hand to other people in need of help. D. We should never forget to repay people for their help. 44．From the passage we know ________. A. everybody needs help B. more children need help than elderly people C. it costs a lot of money to ―pay it forward‖ D. nowadays many people help others without being repaid 45．By writing the passage, the author wishes people in the world to be ________. A. unselfish B. mysterious C. honest D. unforgettable
第二节 信息匹配（共 5 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 10 分） 请阅读下列的相关信息，并按照要求匹配信息。请在答题卡上将对应题号的相应选项 字母涂黑。 首先，请阅读下列职位的信息： A: Friendly young person wanted for evening work (six evenings per week) in busy bar. Phone 87904 for details. B: Driver, male or female, needed for evening work. No weekends. Please ring 23407. C: Lady with experience of children wanted to look after two small boys, 8:30 a.m.~ 4:00 p.m. Mon. to Fri. Phone 42356 after 6:00 p.m.
D: Cook wanted for small country. Evenings and all day at weekends.
Please ring 54328. E: Gardener needed one morning per week. Please ring 81164. F: Person with driving license needed for pizza delivery. Six evenings per week. Please ring 712087.
请阅读下列申请者的信息，然后匹配申请者与所拟申请的职位： 46. Greg is a student, aged nineteen. He likes meeting people. He is not free during the day. He can’t cook or drive a car. 47. Peter is sixty-five. He likes to work outdoors and wouldn’t like to work in the evenings. 48. Jenny is forty. She does not like children. She can cook and drive, but she isn’t available for work at weekends, or in the mornings. 49. Audrey does not want to work at weekends. She is a good cook but she can’t drive. She has two children, now grown up. She wants to work indoors, but she doesn’t like housework much. 50. Gray, aged thirty, likes cooking and gardening. He wants to work as many hours a week as possible and would prefer to work all day on Saturdays and Sundays. He has never worked with children.
III．写作（共两节，满分 40 分）
第一节 基础写作（共 1 小题，满分 15 分） 写作内容： 你的英国朋友向你了解广州，请用英语写一篇短文介绍广州，包括下表所 有内容。
中国第三大城市；别称：五羊城（Five-lamb City） 、花城；广 概况 东省省会；全市面积 7,343 平方公里（square kilometers） ；人口 1,000 多万 历史 气候 旅游 2,200 多年历史的文化名城，历史上丝绸之路（the Silk Road） 的始发港口（starting port） 温暖湿润 风光旖旎，旅游资源丰富 （travelling resource）
【写作要求】只能使用 5 个句子表达全部的内容。开头和结尾已经给出（不计入句数） 。
【评分标准】句子结构准确； 信息内容完整； 篇章结构连贯。 Let me tell you something about Guangzhou.
第二节 读写任务（共 1 小题，满分 25 分） 阅读下面的短文，然后按照要求写一篇 150 词左右的英语短文。 You must have heard stress contributes to 80% of major illness and is responsible for 75% to 90% of doctor’s visits. But that’s not stressit’s distress. ―Stress is the only anti-aging agentwe know of – the exact opposite of what we think,‖ says psychologist James E. Loehr. What really brings happiness is meeting obstacles and overcoming them. The damage occurs when stress levels never go down. A recent study showed it took nine days longer for the constantly stressed family caregivers of chronically（慢性地） ill patients to heal from wounds than it took other people the same age. Stress is essential. Life without it would be like having a brand-new cherry-red Porsche and driving it only in the driveway（私人车道）. 【写作内容】 1 以约 30 个词概括短文的要点； 2 以约 120 个词就―你如何看待压力‖的主题发表看法，并包括如下要点： A．你是如何看待压力的？ B．在你的学习或生活中压力是否大？如何正视压力？ 【写作要求】 1．作文中可使用自己的亲身经历或虚构的故事，可以参照阅读材料的结构和内容，也 可以使用材料中的词汇，但不得直接引用原文中的句子； 2．标题自拟。 【评分标准】句子结构准确； 信息内容完整； 篇章结构连贯。
完形填空： 1-5 D D C C B 语法填空： 16. had flown 21. he 阅读理解： 26-30 C A A B D 31-35 B C C B A 36-40 D A D B C 41-45 B D C D A 信息匹配： 46-50 A E F C D 基础写作(共 1 小题，满分 15 分) Let me tell you something about Guangzhou. Guangzhou, the third largest city in China, also known as Five-lamb City, Flower City and so on, serves as the capital city of Guangdong Province. This city covers a total area of 7,434 square kilometers with a popolatin of more tha ten million. Guangzhou, a famou city with a history of more than 2,200 years, is a starting port of the Silk Road on the sea in history. Guangzhou enjoys a warm and wet climate. The beautiful city, well-known for its beautiful scenery, is also abundant in travelling resources. 读写任务(共 1 小题，满分 25 分) Stress keeps you young The passage tells us that stress is not anobstacle but a power of success in your life.What’s more it is good for us to stay young.According to the study we know that stress isnecessary in our life which can motivate us to goahead. Everyone is affected by stressful situations. How to manage your stress? I hold the sameview with the author. Stress is essential and we should be lucky to be together with it. As for me, I am keen on studying and enjoy the stress fromstudy now. Once upon a time, I was discouraged because of too much stress from heavy study task. Later I found the key to taking stress head-on is being relaxed. The better you relax the better mood you can get from study. Don’t be pessimistic when stress comes into view. Maybe it’s a turning point in your life. 17. to do 22. for 18. so 23. a 19. her 24. with 20. who 25. suddenly 6-10 B A A B A 11-15 B D A C B