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西门子PCS7培训教程(入门必读)


www.plcworld.cn

紧点联操
PCS7

PCS7

2

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紧点联操
PCS7 PCS7 PCS7 PCS7 PCS7 PCS7 OS ES DCS/PLC AS

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PCS 7
@

.
SAP R/3 Office LAN Etherne t

@
Office LAN Etherne t

紧点联 紧齐o道釐ss?点o高t齐ol?联yst釐驱
OS
( ) SIMATIC PDM Engineering Toolset OS-LAN
OS(

ES

OS

/ /

Internet/Intrane @PCS 7 /t OPC-Server

PCS 7

OS ES

Ethernet

)

AS 414

AS 417 AS 416 AS 414 PROFIBUS-DP

Industrial Ethernet / Fast Ethernet OS ET 200M Ex-I/O HART DP/PALink
PROFIBUSDP

AS 414 F/FH AS 417 F/FH PROFIBUS-DP

AS 414 H AS 417 H ET 200M Fail-Safe ET 200M ET 200M DP/PA-Link PROFIBUS-PA Y-Link

PROFIBUS-DP

O P PROFIBUSPA

DP/PA-Link PROFIBUS-PA

COx, NOx, ...

ET 200iS

PROFIBUS-DP

COx, NOx, ...

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www.plcworld.cn

SIEMENS PLC

PROFIBUS DP PA AS

AS

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SIEMENS PLC

,

12 /

, 5,000 “ ,64 /

“/

, 32

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二、PCS7与DCS/PLC的比较
PCS7 PCS7 PCS7 PLC DCS

2011/5/7

www.plcworld.cn

PCS7
联的立源脚的点?紧点联操 架

SIMATIC PCS 7

DP

I/O
7/56

Chongqing University of Science & Technology

Components

www.plcworld.cn

PCS7
SIMATIC PCS7

的类

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PCS7
DCS

DCS

PLC
PLC PCS7 100MB ETHERNET TCP/IP PROFIBUS SQL

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PCS7

,
OS OS OS OS OS OS ES

OS

OS ES

12 5,000 32 64 / /

/
OS ES

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PCS7
PCS7

WinCC
Siemens DCS

Step7?

Step7+WinCC PLC PCS7=Step7+WinCC+CFC+SFC

Step7

WinCC

PCS7

PCS7
Chongqing University of Science & Technology 11/56

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三、自动化系统(AS)
SIMATIC SIMATIC
PCS 7

ES OS Net

联操联操-慢00?w集t长? 点紧艺?慢度慢如?慢度控如?慢度操如?慢度慢界如?慢度操界

AS AS 的展类?状脚?德00立?w集t长 道l身ss?B?

状状x集过

2011/5/7

www.plcworld.cn

SIMATIC PCS 7 –
源联? 联操-慢00?

联操?慢度慢-息如?联操?慢度控-德如?联操?慢度控-息如?联操?慢度慢-慢如?联操?慢度操-慢? 紧置类环的B艺联-然紧? 立紧的? 置源立?操控族?to?慢如000?题B (德慢?荷然点如?度德0荷源点如?德息0荷源点器

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I/O
/ CPU s CPU s

I/O I/O DP I/O PA : CPU CPU / S7-400 I/O

ET 200M DP PA
14/56

Chongqing University of Science & Technology

www.plcworld.cn

/
ET 200M I/O

CPU
PROFIBUS DP

AS 414 H AS 417 H

I/O module sensor

CFC

redundant I/O module

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I/O
I/O ET 200M
S7-300 I/O class B Ex

HART

PROFIBUS-DP

AS I/O

S7-400

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ET200iS
ET 200iS
I/O 1 2 0

PROFIBUS-DPDP PROFI BUS DP DP-V1

PNOSIMATIC PCS 7

HART
HA RT AI HA RT AI RT D 0... 20m A DI Na m 4x AO ur

2x

2x

2x

PDM

HART PCS7

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2x

AO

www.plcworld.cn



PROFIBUS-DP max. 12 Mbit/s
Ex I/O

DP
Link PROFIBUS-PA 31,25 Kbit/s PROFIBUS-DP 1,5 Mbit/s

ET 200iS Flow Pressure Level Positioner . . . . Pneumatic Valves HART

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MIS, ERP,

SIMATIC PCS 7

SIMATIC PDM: - PROFIBUS-PA - PROFIBUS-DP - HART PROFIBUS-DP
SIPOS 3, 5 SIPART DR SIMOVERT SIMOCODE

S7-400

PROFIBUS DP

DP/PALink ET 200M ET 200iS

PROFIBUS-PA
SITRANS P SITRANS F SIPART PS

4-20 mA / HART I/O module

4-20 mA / HART 4-20 mA / HART

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慢度慢界展慢度操界

2

2

机架 距 可 500

PP C P S S U

5V P-Bus K-Bus

P P C P SS U

5V P-Bus K-Bus

机架

PP C P S S U

5V P-Bus K-Bus

PP C P S S U

5V P-Bus K-Bus

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(息0驱s器

No synchronization

Cyclic synchronization

Time synchronization

Op code synchronization

Part-AG B

Part-AG A

Chongqing University of Science & Technology

Part-AG A

Part-AG B

Part-AG B

Part-AG A

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Part-AG A

Part-AG B

SIEMENS

www.plcworld.cn

CPU
Event synchronization (Siemens Patent)

: I/O
Teil-AG A Teil-AG B

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的展类?
? CPU I/O

? ? ?

CPU同 CPU同 ACTIVE

I/O 据 据到

据到I/O

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414FH/417FH
I/O
S7-400F

I/O
S7-400FH

I/O
S7-400FH

PROFIBUS DP

PROFIBUS DP

F - I/O

F-I/O

PROFIBUS DP

ET200M

ET200M

ET200M F-I/O ET200M F-I/O

IM 153-2 FO

IM 153-2 FO

SIL 2, AK4 SIL 3, AK5 or 6

S7-400FH PROFIBUS-DP IM 153-2 FO SIL 2, AK4 SIL3, AK5 or 6

S7-400FH PROFIBUS-DP IM 153-2 FO I/O SIL 2, AK4 SIL3, AK5 or 6

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四、PCS7 网络结构
SIMATIC SIMATIC
PCS 7

ES OS

Net Net
AS

SIMATIC Net
PROFIBUS,

2011/5/7

www.plcworld.cn

PROFIBUS
Controller S7-400

PROFIBUS-DP 12 Mbit/s DP/PA Link

PROFIBUS-PA 31,25 kbit/s
I/ O

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PROFIBUS-DP

Redundant Redundant
AS 414H AS 417H

IM IM 153 153
Bus module

ET 200M

IM
Backplane bus Pull & Plug

L+

L+

IM

PROFIBUS-DP

IM IM 157 157
DP/PA-Link

L+

L+

Y-Link
L+ L+

in preparation

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(= OSM) 100 Mbit/s
10 Mbit/s

:::

(OSM) :
max. 50 OSM / ring max. 3000m between two OSM max. ring distance 150 km ( 900 km)

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五、PCS7 操作员站
SIMATIC SIMATIC
PCS 7

ES

OS OS
Net AS

WinCC + Options for process control

2011/5/7

www.plcworld.cn

WinCC +

PCS 7

Process Visualisation
Excel

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www.plcworld.cn

1
OS ( (> 100 %) 12 , 32 / ,64 / , )

AS/OS

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2

类联? 荷集su身l?B身s集道

类联? 富富富富器 类联?

(

如?

sou高量?道身齐量?

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如?

ES

O S

1 ES

2

3

4

OS Server

A B

A, 1 2 B, 3 4

立源磁状

Chongqing University of Science & Technology

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www.plcworld.cn

/

OS
( ) max. 32 *)

... ...
*) !

OS
max. 12 ( )

Chongqing University of Science & Technology

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Microsoft SQL Server 2000 , 10,000 100 / / ( ( OS ) )

I
Chongqing University of Science & Technology 35/56

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(

)
OS

alarms
(e.g. monitoring time)

status
(e.g. open, opening, close, failure)

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AS - OS
1997 PCS 7 V4
AS - OS OS: : :

2000 PCS 7 V5
OS:

2003 PCS 7 V6

OS:

: ( )

OS

cyclic *)

OS

O S

OS request every 2 s *)

controller answer every 2 s *)

OS request once

controller answer every 2 s *)

OS request once

controller answer every 2 s *) if changed

controller

cyclic *)

controller

cyclic *)

controller

Chongqing University of Science & Technology

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:
!
(4x4 (4x4 ))

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(Multi VGA)

1 ( / )

4

,

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SFC
状联?联环点?

Chongqing University of Science & Technology

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www.plcworld.cn

:
/

/
Operator Shift manager Maintenance

Chongqing University of Science & Technology

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SIMATIC IPC
OS OS Server Client Operator

OS / ES OS
Chongqing University of Science & Technology 42/56

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OS

, OS,
Cl
A

,
Cl
A

Cl
A

Cl
B

Cl
B

Cl
B

Server A

Server B

Chongqing University of Science & Technology

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/
/ 32 5,000 12 / / 60,000
:

(

.

)

, ( : / , .

OS 1

)

Chongqing University of Science & Technology

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WinCC 6.0/7.0
Web W限nCC 者erver Sybase any Where Web We过

Web
new !!!

Internet/Intranet
Chongqing University of Science & Technology 45/56

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六、PCS7 工程师站
SIMATIC SIMATIC
PCS 7

ES ES
OS Net AS

ES

2011/5/7

www.plcworld.cn

, AS

OS

Chongqing University of Science & Technology

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/ OS

SIMATIC SIMATIC Manager Manager
Libraries Libraries STEP STEP 7 7
0000 0000

WinCC WinCC
Y1000.0 % V1 P10000.0 MBAR INERTGAS V2 Y2000.0 % V4 P40000.0 MBAR F1 R1 0000.0 PC V3 MBAR 0000.0 % A10000.0 Reaktor 01 M1 produkt V5 P50000.0 MBAR MBAR V6 P60000.0 ABLUFT1 ABLUFT2 ABLUFT3

SFC SFC

CFC CFC

SCL SCL

PDM PDM

Database Database

Chongqing University of Science & Technology

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PCS 7
(I/O etc.) ,

,

(PCS 7 V5, V6) ( / / )

(PCS 7 V6)

(IDE)
Chongqing University of Science & Technology 49/56

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IEC 61131
( CFC : )

CFC

/ I/O
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SFC
SFC SFC 16 (e.g. , , / / , ( ) ) (e.g. / ISA S88 8 )

1 PCS 7

2

....

8

Chongqing University of Science & Technology

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....

www.plcworld.cn

:

for ES and AS

PROFIBUS-PA +

+
for OS

:

Chongqing University of Science & Technology

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SCL

PASCAL IEC 1131-3

CFC

Chongqing University of Science & Technology

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WinCC

PowerBuild er VB, Delphi

Chongqing University of Science & Technology

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www.plcworld.cn

Chongqing University of Science & Technology

55/56

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1. 2.

PCS7 PCS7

Chongqing University of Science & Technology

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紧点背操
PCS7

2

Chongqing University of Science & Technology

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紧点背操
PCS7 PCS7 PCS7 PCS7 PCS7

Chongqing University of Science & Technology

2/51

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硬件安装
SIEMENS SIEMENS ET200M SIEMENS SIEMENS

2011/5/7

www.plcworld.cn

SIEMENS
AS-400H 18 UR2-H PS407 1 10 3 12

CPU 414-H Industrial Ethernet 5 14

CP443-1

Chongqing University of Science & Technology

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-

, TOP
, ,

,

Chongqing University of Science & Technology

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Chongqing University of Science & Technology

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ET200M
I/O ET200M
Profibus-DP S7-300 I/O IM153-1 2 ET200M 3 8 I/O

Profibus-DP

PS/IM IM/IM BM
Chongqing University of Science & Technology 7/66

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Profibus-DP

IM153-2

Chongqing University of Science & Technology

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ET200M

的立度扫情

的属类

的属类

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ET200M
S7-300

Chongqing University of Science & Technology

10/66

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Profibus-DP

Chongqing University of Science & Technology

11/66

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IM153
IM153-1/2 DP

PROFIBUS-DP 0 125 3 IM153-1/2

Chongqing University of Science & Technology

12/66

www.plcworld.cn

Chongqing University of Science & Technology

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Chongqing University of Science & Technology

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I/O

拟ES7 性性1-7统D00-0AB0

“4” 6ES5 6ES7 S5 S7 “3” “21” “22” “31” “32”

S7-400 S7-300

Chongqing University of Science & Technology

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1

STep7

FILE FILE

”New ”New Project Project Wizard” Wizard”

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1

FILE FILE

”New ”New Project Project Wizard” Wizard”

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2

“ “

” ”

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3
CPU CPU

“ “

H H ” ”

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4

PCS7 PCS7 OS OS

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5

“Make” “Make”

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6
CPU CPU

Chongqing University of Science & Technology

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7

Component Component View View

Plant Plant View View

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.
RACK PS CPU CP AI RTD TC AO DI ET200M S7-300 I/O DO

IM153-2
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——

CPU

CPU CPU

C C P P U U

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——CP
CP

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——CP
CP CP CP CP MAC MAC

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——CP
CP443 CP443 -1(R1/S5) -1(R1/S5) CP443 CP443 -1(R0/S5) -1(R0/S5)

Chongqing University of Science & Technology

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——CP

NO NO

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——IM153-2

1 1

2 2

4 4 3 3 5 5
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3 3 125 125

www.plcworld.cn

——IM153-2

6 6
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——I/O

4 4 11 11

I/O I/O

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——I/O

Chongqing University of Science & Technology

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——AI

Chongqing University of Science & Technology

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——AI

Chongqing University of Science & Technology

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——AI

6ES7 331-7KF02-0AB0 ±80mV ±250mV ±500mV ±2.5V, ±5V 1 5V ±10V ±3.2mA ±10mA 0 20mA ±20mA 150Ω 300Ω 600Ω RTD Pt100 Ni100 N E J L K

±1V 4 20mA

Chongqing University of Science & Technology

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——AI

Chongqing University of Science & Technology

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——AI

AI AI

Chongqing University of Science & Technology

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——RTD
AI AI

Chongqing University of Science & Technology

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——TC

AI AI

RTD RTD RTD RTD
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——AO

AI AI

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——DI

AI AI

Chongqing University of Science & Technology

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——DO

DI DI

Chongqing University of Science & Technology

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——CPU
1 1

2 2

Chongqing University of Science & Technology

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——CPU
General General CPU CPU CPU CPU

Chongqing University of Science & Technology

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——

Chongqing University of Science & Technology

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——

Chongqing University of Science & Technology

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PCS7

R,O,M,C,CC R,O,M,C,CC
Chongqing University of Science & Technology 48/66

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Chongqing University of Science & Technology

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Chongqing University of Science & Technology

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.
S7-400H , ,CPU414H CPU417H

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.
CPU CP

CPU

, /

RAM ET200M

DP/PA

Y_Link

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.
DP S7-400H

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.
CPU

H . ,

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H-CIR
H CPU CPU H CPU CPU CPU

Chongqing University of Science & Technology

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H-CIR操作实例

H-CIR (Hardware Configuration In Run )
2011/5/7

www.plcworld.cn

CPU414-4H :

ET200M

,

Chongqing University of Science & Technology

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S7-400 CPU414-4H CP443-1 DP ET200M

Profibus

PCS7 V6.0SP3 STEP7 V5.3 SP1
Chongqing University of Science & Technology 58/66

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CPU414-4H ET200M I/O

STEP7 V5.3 SP2 CPU414-4H

ET200M

I/O
59/66

Chongqing University of Science & Technology

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H-CIR

1

CPU417-4H ET200M I/O

CPU
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H-CIR
,

2
, “Download

station configuration in Run mode” , :

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H-CIR

3
“Reserve” S7-400H

CPU, “Automatically continue” “Next” , :

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H-CIR

4
S7-400H CPU

:

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H-CIR

5
“Next” , :

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H-CIR

6

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H-CIR

7

H-CIR

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系点背操
PCS7 CFC WinCC PCS7 SFC

2

Chongqing University of Science & Technology

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系点背操
PCS7 PCS7 SFC PCS7 CFC PCS7 WinCC

Chongqing University of Science & Technology

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S7 PLC

OB S7 PLC FB FC

Chongqing University of Science & Technology

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SIEMENS S7 PLC
OB FB FC DB

S7 PLC

Chongqing University of Science & Technology

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环激

环激

环点

环激 点系节 背操~点系节
Chongqing University of Science & Technology 5/60

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OB
OB

CPU CPU

OB

OB
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OB

1

类激度0 类激必0 类激情0 类激意0

类激度操 类激必情 类激情方 类激意操 情 操 度描 必描 必描 必描 必描 / 7/60 描 度护 必情

类激方0 类激方度 类激方必 类激方情

Chongqing University of Science & Technology

www.plcworld.cn

OB
类激方意 类激方护 类激方描 类激方操 类激景0 类激度00 类激度0度 类激度0必 类激度必度 类激度必必 必操 必操 必操 必描 必描 必描 必描

2
点系节

/DP

益属类 Chongqing University of Science & Technology 8/60

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OB1

Chongqing University of Science & Technology

9/60

www.plcworld.cn

Chongqing University of Science & Technology

10/60

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FB

FC

FC FB OB FC FB FC FC SFB SFC S7 PLC
11/60

FC FB

FB

Chongqing University of Science & Technology

www.plcworld.cn

FB

FC
DB OB

FB/SFB FC/SFC Instance DB

FB/SFB FC/SFC Instance DB

DB

Chongqing University of Science & Technology

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SIEMENS PLC

PLC

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SIEMENS PLC

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M, I, Q, PI, PQ B, W, D 20, 27.4
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M 20 21 22 MW22 23 MD22 24 25 26 27 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 M27.3 M27.6 MB20

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SIEMENS PLC
输入/输出 输入 过程映像区 输出 输入 外设区 输出 位存储器 数据块 定时器 计数器 DB T C Mx.y DBX PQB MB DBB PQW MW DBW PQD MD DBD Qx.y QB PIB QW PIW QD PID 字节( 8位) 字(2字节) 双字( 2字) IB IW ID

地址区域

位 Ix.y

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PLC Bit

Byte

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S7
类型 BOOL BYTE WORD DWORD INT DINT REAL S5TIME TIME DATE TIME_OF_DAY 位数 1 8 16 32 16 32 32 16 32 16 32 格式 布尔量 范围及表示 TRUE/FALSE

十六进制 B#16#0~B#16#FF 二进制 2#0~2#1111_1111_1111_1111

十六进制 W#16#0~W#16#FFFF 十六进制 DW#16#0000_0000~W#16#FFFF_FFFF 十进制 十进制 浮点数 S5TIME S5T#0H_0M_0S_10MS~S5T#2H_46M_30S_0MS TIME DATE TOD -T#24D_20H_31M_23S_468MS ~ T#24D_20H_31M_23S_467MS D#1990-1-1~D#2168-12-31 TOD#0:0:0.0~TOD#23:59:59.999 -32768~+32767 L#-2147483648~L#2147483647

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DATE_AND_TIME STRING ARRAY STRUCT UDT FB,SFB

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PCS7
PCS7

SCL CFC PCS7 SFC

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PCS7
IEC61131-3 标准组态工具 操作员站 组态工具 图形化 编程语言 结构化 编程语言

SIMATIC SIMATIC Manager Manager
Libraries Libraries STEP STEP 7 7
0000 0000

WinCC WinCC
Y1 000.0% V1 P1 0000.0MBAR INERTGAS V2 Y2 000.0 % V4 P4 0000.0MBAR ABLUFT1 F1 V5 P5 0000.0MBAR R1 PC 0000.0 0000.0 MBAR ABLUFT2 V3 V6 P6 0000.0MBAR ABLUFT3 A1 0000.0% Reaktor 01 M1 produkt

SFC SFC

CFC CFC

SCL SCL

PDM PDM

Database Database

程序及控件库
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过程设备管理器
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STL

LAD FBD

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SCL

Pascal LAD PCS7

CFC

SFC

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LAD

STL

SCL FBD

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CFC

PCS7

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SFC

SFC WinCC

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PCS7
LAD FBD STL STL SCL CFC SFC CFC SFC PCS7
Chongqing University of Science & Technology 28/60

SCL

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PCS7
Charts
CFC SFC

Sources
SCL STL

Blocks
LAD FBD STL

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PCS7
CFC SFC

OB FB

FC

DB

PCS7

CFC CFC PCS7 CFC
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PCS7 SFC
SFC SFC SFC SFC SFC SFC SFC SFC SFC
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SFC
“SIMATIC Manager” chart SFC “ component view” hierarchy folder

“ plant view”

(“Insert > S7 Software > SFC” or

“Insert >Technological Objects > SFC”). SFC SFC , SFC(1). ,

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SFC(SFC

)

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SFC

S1 T12 T12 S21 S22 S2 T24 T23 T23 S3

S1

S1 T12 T13 S3 T34 S2 T2

S1

T12

S2

T23 S3

S4

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SFC

OS

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SFC
(OS)

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PCS7 CFC
CFC Function Chart CFC

.CFC
Continuous

CPU

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PCS7 CFC

.

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PCS7 CFC
AI PID

.
AO DI DO

OS

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PCS7 CFC

.

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PCS7 CFC
LI111 NK111 NP111 NK113 NK114 1 FC111

.

NK112

2

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PCS7 CFC

.
CFC

CFC_STEP: CFC_FC111: CFC_LI111: CFC_NP111: CFC_NK111 114

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PCS7 CFC
CFC_STEP OP_D OP_A_LIM(1): OP_A_LIM(2): OP_D: OP_A_LIM(1): OP_A_LIM(2): OP_D I0 off

.
OP_A_LIM

U 50.0 U 1000.0 U_HL 10000.0

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PCS7 CFC

.

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PCS7 CFC
CFC_FC111 CH_AI INT_P: DOSE: MUL_R CTRL_PID CH_AO

.

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PCS7 CFC
I/O CH_AI SIM_ON MODE VHRANGE SUBS_ON INT_P DOSE V_HL SP_HLM MO_PVHR SPEXON_L SPEXT_ON MUL_R CTRL_PID IN2 LIOP_MAN_SEL LIOP_INT_SEL SPEXON_L GAIN CH_AO

.
1 4 20MA 16#0203 100 1 10000 10000 10000 10000 / / 1 1 1 / / 1 1 1 “0.5" 0.5

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PCS7 CFC

.

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PCS7 CFC
CFC_LI111 CH_AI CFC INT_P: MEAS_MON:

.

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PCS7 CFC
I/O CH_AI MODE VHRANGE SIM_ON SIM_V SUBS_ON SUBS_V INT_P MEAS_MON U U_WH U_WL U_AH U_AL MO_PVHR

.
4 20mA 16#0203 100 1 78 78 1 SIM_V 78 -0.4 90m3 7m3 98m3 5m3 100m3 90 7 98 5 100

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PCS7 CFC

.

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PCS7 CFC
CFC_NP111 CH_DI MOTOR:
I/O CH_DI SIM_ON SUBS_ON MOTOR MONITOR AUT_ON_OP

.

1 1 Monitoring=off Mode=AUTO

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PCS7 CFC

.

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PCS7 CFC
CFC_NK111 VALVE 3
I/O

.

VALVE

START_SS

0

MONITOR

Monitoring=off

AUT_ON_OP

Mode=Auto

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PCS7 CFC

.

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PCS7 WinCC

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PCS7 WinCC

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PCS7 WinCC

.

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PCS7 WinCC

.

Chongqing University of Science & Technology

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PCS7 WinCC

.

Chongqing University of Science & Technology

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PCS7 WinCC

.

Chongqing University of Science & Technology

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