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Cyberspace (n.) 网络空间

computers

Internet

The place where information, pictures etc. exist when they are sent from one computer to another.
BACK

Hacker (n.) 电脑黑客
A person who enters other people’s computer programmes in secret

Hackers use virus to attack computers.

activities that are against the law

Crime (n. / v.) Criminal (n. / adj.)
BACK

Chaos (n.)
A terrible situation in which everything goes wrong.

Yesterday my computer was attacked by a virus. Everything seemed to be in chaos. BACK

Terrorist (n.)
someone who does terrible things to harm countries and people

The plane driven by terrorists crashed into the twin towers.
BACK

Crash (vt.)

Entertainment (n.)
BACK

Pessimistic (消极的) expecting the worst in this worst of all possible worlds

Optimistic(积极的,
乐观的)expecting the best in this best of all possible worlds

Headings
Match the four paragraphs with the following headings.
Z.xxk

Part 1
Part 2 Part 3 Part 4

A. Pessimistic Ideas towards the Future of Cyberspace B. The Growth of the Internet C. The Future of Virtual Reality D. Optimistic Ideas towards The Future of Cyberspace

hackers

pessimistic

now

cybercriminal

in the future

Cyber terrorists

buy books

find out holiday offers already

book tickets
in the next few years

get information

optimistic

shop on the Internet

in the future
get entertainment

TV & postal service will disappear

virtual reality

work

shop

study

The structure of the passage
(文章的写作结构)

Topic Sentence
(中心句)

How does the computer and the Net are going to affect our lives.good : optimistic (乐观的)

bad : pessimistic (悲观的)

situatio n

1983

---

200

rapidly

now ---around 50 million

The future of cyberspace

pessimistic

optimistic
Future in virtual reality
work in virtual offices shop in virtual supermarket study in virtual school

situatio n

1983

---

200

rapidly

now ---around 50 million

The future of cyberspace

pessimistic

optimistic
Future in virtual reality
work in virtual offices shop in virtual supermarket study in virtual school

Now---hackers get into computers
of banks.

Pessimisti Future---terrorist attack the c
world’s computer cause chaos, makes planes and trains crash .

Now---hackers get into computers
of banks.

Pessimisti Future---terrorist attack the c
world’s computer cause chaos, makes planes and trains crash .

Buy books

Already users

Find out holiday offers Book ticket Get information Shopping on the Internet

Optimistic
future

Entertainment from the Net Television and small service will probably disappear

Buy books

Already users

Find out holiday offers Book ticket Get information Shopping on the Internet

Optimistic
future

Entertainment from the Net Television and small service will probably disappear

1.make up

?

?组成,形成,构成

Women make up only 30% of the workforce there.
在 那里,妇女仅占劳动力的30%。
Our class is made up of boys and girls.

?编造故事谎言

?make up a story ?编造一个故事 ?make up one's mind to do sth. ?下定决心做某事 ?make out 辨认出,看出,理解,了解

?2. flood n. 洪水,大批人/物
?The river is in flood. 河水泛滥。 ? a flood of complaints大量的投诉信 ? v.淹没 ?The rice fields were flooded.稻田被淹没
了。

?flood in 大量涌来 ?Letters of thanks flooded in.
涌至。

感谢信大量

?3. affect [vt] 影响
?Their opinions will not affect my decision. ?他们的看法不会影响我的决定。

?affect [vt] 影响 = have an effect on / upon
?effect n. 影响 ?vt. 产生,实现
?bring/put sth. into effect 使某物开始使用 ?come/ go into effect 生效=take effect ?in effect 事实上

affect & influence
观点等产生间接的或潜移默化的影响

?influence vt. n.影响,主要指行为,性格, ?have an influence on

4. pessimistic & optimistic

?pessimistic adj. 悲观的,厌世的 ?be pessimistic about .... ?be optimistic about ...对....乐观的 ?pessimism 悲观主义 ?optimism 乐观主义
pessimist 悲观主义者

optimist 乐观主义者

5.attack vt .攻击,抨击,袭击

?The terrorists attacked the bank last night. ?恐怖分子昨晚攻击了银行。

?n. 攻击
?make an attack on ...攻击...
be /come under attack 遭受攻击

7. crash vt. (飞机,汽车)撞毁,坠毁
The plane crashed in the moutains. n. 碰撞,撞击声 a plane/ car/train crash 坠机,撞车,火车相 撞

8. entertainment n 娱乐,款待

?entertain v. 尤指在家中招待,款待 ?entertain friends ?entertain sb. with sth. 使快乐,使有兴趣· ?He entertained us for hours with his jokes ?entertaining = interesting and amusing ?有趣的,娱乐的,使人愉快的

and stories. 他既讲故事又说笑话,把我们逗 乐了几个小时。

9. harm 【vt】 & 【n】 伤害,损害

?This war harms the relations between the
two countries.

?这场战争伤害了两国之间的关系。 ?do harm to = be harmful to sb. 对......有害 ?do good to 对......有利 ?do more harm than good 弊大于利

as if 从句的语气及时态
1. as if 从句用陈述语气的情况。 当说话者认为句子所述的是真实的或 极有可能发生或存在的事实时。如:

1) It sounds as if it is raining. 听起来像是在下雨。 2) He talks as if he is drunk. 从他谈话的样子来看他是醉了。

2.as if 从句用虚拟语气的情况。 当说话人认为句子所述的是不真实 的或极少有可能发生或存在的情 况时。从句虚拟语气动词时态的 形式如下:

?1)如果从句表示与现在事实相

反,谓语动词用一般过去时。如:
1)You look as if you didn’t care. 你看上去好像并不在乎。 2) He talks as if he knew where she was. 他说话的样子,好像他知道她在哪里似的。

(2)从句表示与过去事实相反, 谓语动词用“had+过去分词”。 如:
1) He talked about Rome as if he had been there before. 他说起罗马来好像他以前去过罗马似的。 2)You looked as if you had seen a ghost.



3)从句表示与将来事实相反,谓语动 词用“would/could/might+动词原 形”。如:

1)He opened his mouth as if he would say something. 他张开嘴好像要说什么。 2) It looks as if it might snow. 看来好像要下雪了。

"I see people living and working in a virtual world..." see sb./sth. doing sth.(看到动作正在进行) see sb./sth. do sth.(看到动作全过程) eg: I saw her running when I passed by the playground. I saw her run when I passed by the playground. I saw you put the key in your pocket.

1. This growth is clearly going to continue.
2. It is clear that we are going to see a huge growth in shopping on the Internet.

3. In the future, we will get entertainment from the Net and television will probably disappear.
4. We will work in virtual offices, shop in virtual supermarkets, and we will even study in virtual schools.

1. This growth is clearly going to continue.
2. It is clear that we are going to see a huge growth in shopping on the Internet.

3. In the future, we will get entertainment from the Net and television will probably disappear.
4. We will work in virtual offices, shop in virtual supermarkets, and we will even study in virtual schools.

? When we predict from a present
situation (based on evidence or facts that we can observe now), we say: it is going to…, we are going to… ? When we express our opinions and beliefs about the future (based on intuition, knowledge, experience), we say: we will…

K 考点直击 Z 自主预习 Y 要点突破
AODIAN ZHIJI
I ZHU YU XI

AODIAN TUPO

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

11.语法:will 和 be going to 考点一 will 用于表示预测 表示说话人认为、相信、希望、假定、害怕要发生的事情。 I expect it will be cold.我想天气会冷的。 I’m sure tomatoes will be expensive.我敢肯定西红柿会很贵。 考点二 be going to 用于表示预测 be going to 结构可以表示说话人确信如此。 虽然通常不指出时间,但是说话 人所预期的动作不久或马上就要发生。 Look at those clouds!It’s going to rain.瞧那些乌云!快要下雨了。 Listen to the wind.We’re going to have a rough crossing. 听这风声。我们横渡时一定很难。

K 考点直击 Z 自主预习 Y 要点突破
AODIAN ZHIJI
I ZHU YU XI

AODIAN TUPO

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

考点三 will 和 be going to 的区别 be going to 意指有迹象表明某件事将要发生,will 则意指说话人认为/相信 某件事将要发生。 be going to 通常用来表示马上就要发生或相当快就要发生的事情;而 will 不指明任何具体时间,可以指遥远的将来。如: The lift is going to break down. 电梯就要出故障了。 The lift will break down. 电梯将会发生故障。 第一句意指电梯正在发出奇怪的声音或运行失常;第二句指将来某一时刻 电梯要出故障(也许因为我们老是让它超载,或因为这是某一公司的电梯, 不耐用)。

? When we predict from a present
situation (based on evidence or facts that we can observe now), we say: it is going to…, we are going to… ? When we express our opinions and beliefs about the future (based on intuition, knowledge, experience), we say: we will…

Complete the text with be going to or

will

Dr Carl Wight is an expert on the environment. He speaks to our reporter. “It is clear that in the next few years the Earth’s climate (1)_________ is going to change. I’m afraid that this probably means that many kinds of animals, such as the South China tiger, (2)__________ disappear soon. Changes in are going to

Complete the text with be going to or

will

Dr Carl Wight is an expert on the environment. He speaks to our reporter. “It is clear that in the next few years the Earth’s climate (1)_________ is going to change. I’m afraid that this probably means that many kinds of animals, such as the South China tiger, (2)__________ disappear soon. Changes in are going to

are going to certainly affect climate (3)__________ people’s lives too. Because of global warming, the sea has already destroyed parts of Britain. It is obvious that this destruction (4)________ become more dangerous in the will future. We have to take immediate action, or I fear that life on Earth (5)_________ get will worse.”

are going to certainly affect climate (3)__________ people’s lives too. Because of global warming, the sea has already destroyed parts of Britain. It is obvious that this destruction (4)________ become more dangerous in the will future. We have to take immediate action, or I fear that life on Earth (5)_________ get will worse.”

★ Angela Rossetto of Cyberia magazine ★Australian expert Peter Anderson

★ Angela Rossetto of Cyberia magazine ★Australian expert Peter Anderson

Discuss and give some examples to show your partner is optimistic or pessimistic. How are about your opinions?

Discuss and give some examples to show your partner is optimistic or pessimistic. How are about your opinions?

1.Write an article about influence
of Internet to our life. (with its advantages, disadvantages and your own opinions. ) prepare a debate in terms for next class.

2. Divide all students into half,

1.Write an article about influence
of Internet to our life. (with its advantages, disadvantages and your own opinions. ) prepare a debate in terms for next class.

2. Divide all students into half,

Thanks for listening


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