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高考考前冲刺黄金卷-英语试题[3]

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2012 高考最后五天冲刺黄金卷:英语 3

第一部分 英语知识运用(共两节,满分 45 分)

第一节 单项填空(共 15 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 15 分)

1. –I wonder if I could read your new novel.

–No problem, the moment I _______ it.

A. write

B. wrote

C. will write

D. have written

2. The door may fall down any time. We will have it_______.

A. fixed

B. built

C. made

D. painted

3. –Do you remember the experiment we did together many years ago?

–Yes, _______ we did it yesterday.

A. as if

B. even if

C. only if

D. if only

4. –Any danger for the patient _______ on by Dr. Smith?

–Hard to say. Doctors are trying their best.

A. to operate

B. being operated C. to be operated

D. operating

5. Going to college is not the end, but just _______ important step to your future career.

A. an

B. a

C. the

D. 不填

6. Among so many people at the party, I _______ John, one of my classmates after 20 years.

A. looked up

B. picked out

C. took up

D. brought out

7. Such a film has had a positive effect on children, _______ parents expect.

A. that

B. when

C. what

D. as

8. Get to the point, or we _______ to a real agreement.

A. won’t come B. haven’t come C. weren’t coming D. don’t come

9. –Do you want to study in the famous research institute?

–Of course, anyone that _______ be chosen may be lucky.

A. should

B. could

C. must

D. may

10. The pictures always remind me of those unforgettable memories _______ we had a lot of

fun together in our childhood.

A. what

B. when

C. that

D. where

11. –Sorry for knocking down your cup of tea. –_______

A. Really?

B. What for?

C. Don’t do that again. D. That’s OK.

12. –Do you still remember the day in the small forest?

–Sure. It was on the day _______ we celebrated your birthday.

A. when

B. on which

C. that

D. which

13. It is said that some software on learning subjects for pupils _______ in a very practical

way.

A. designed

B. is designed C. designs

D. is designing

14. The weather here in spring is much similar to _______ in my hometown.

A. one

B. it

C. that

D. this

15. –Look! The famous hotel is under decoration!

–Yeah, and it is promising to be _______ after that.

A. beautiful

B. more beautiful C. most beautiful

D. much beautiful

第二节 完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分)

One day, three people suddenly appeared in a store, taking food off the shelves as fast as

▃ ▄ ▅ ▆ ▇ █ █ ■ ▓点亮心灯 ~~~///(^v^)\\\~~~ 照亮人生 ▃ ▄ ▅ ▆ ▇ █ █ ■ ▓

▁▂▃▄▅▆▇█▉▊▋▌精诚凝聚 =^_^= 成就梦想 ▁▂▃▄▅▆▇█▉▊▋▌

they could, obviously not planning to pay for it. The shop owner 16 the “panic button”

and then went over the counter and 17 the front door. It was 18 that they were

homeless, and equally obvious that they weren’t going anywhere with their ill-gotten gains.

They 19 the loot (赃物) and simply stood together – knowing the 20 were on the way.

Imagine what they must have 21 , when they were told they didn’t have to steal, if they

were that 22 , instead of being driven out or told they were headed for 23 . “We

have food in the back, expired (过期) 24 still safe to eat, that we plan on 25 to a

homeless shelter. If you need food, you can have some.”

Th ey were told to 26 what they had dropped and put it 27 , then asked to clear up

the mess they’d made of the store. They were doing just that when the police 28 . The

officers were told the situation was under 29 and the police were no longer 30 .

This wasn’t what they had 31 . They were being treated as human beings who had done

something wrong but could 32 the wrong they’d done. 33 , because they knew that

the homeless were never welcome to use “public restrooms” in private businesses, they

quickly followed orders to take turns and use the restroom to clean up.

Soon three 34 people, standing just a bit taller than before when they came in, 35

out with all the food their arms could hold. They were reminded that, if they needed to come

back again, they were to ask and not just grab.

16. A. saw

B. fixed

C. hit

D. found

17. A. opened

B. closed

C. left

D. locked

18. A. obvious

B. unclear

C. doubtful

D. manageable

19. A. threw

B. dropped

C. took

D. crashed

20. A. police

B. officials

C. assistants

D. workers

21. A. forced

B. understood

C. felt

D. delayed

22. A. excited

B. tired

C. hungry

D. thirsty

23. A. home

B. office

C. shop

D. prison

24. A. or

B. but

C. and

D. so

25. A. giving

B. moving

C. coming

D. losing

26. A. shut up

B. cut up

C. give up

D. make up

27. A. ahead

B. away

C. down

D. back

28. A. reached

B. arrived

C. stopped

D. started

29. A. control

B. discussion

C. development

D. requirement

30. A. useful

B. enjoyable

C. necessary

D. comfortable

31. A. loved

B. planned

C. found

D. expected

32. A. change

B. correct

C. hide

D. enlarge

33. A. Shocked

B. Punished

C. Worried

D. Misunderstood

34. A. stranger

B. cleaner

C. poorer

D. richer

35. A. ran

B. rushed

C. moved

D. walked

第二部分 阅读理解(共 20 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 40 分)

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出最佳选项

A

When I was a girl of 16, I met a common boy who would make jokes at you and then you

would run after him and his guys and beat them up(打闹). After that first meeting, we kept

on meeting and beating each other up at the fence. We would meet at the fence all the time

▃ ▄ ▅ ▆ ▇ █ █ ■ ▓点亮心灯 ~~~///(^v^)\\\~~~ 照亮人生 ▃ ▄ ▅ ▆ ▇ █ █ ■ ▓

▁▂▃▄▅▆▇█▉▊▋▌精诚凝聚 =^_^= 成就梦想 ▁▂▃▄▅▆▇█▉▊▋▌

and we were always together. I would tell him all my secrets. I found him easy to talk to and

I could talk to him about everything.

In school we had separate friends. One day I told him that a guy I liked hurt me and broke

my heart. He just comforted me and said everything would be okay. He gave me words of

encouragement and helped me get over him. I was happy and thought of him as a real friend.

But I knew that there was something else about him that I liked. I thought of it that night

and figured it was just a kind of friend that I was feeling. All through high school and even

through graduation we’re always together and of course I thought of it as being friends. But

I knew deep inside that I really felt it differently.

On graduation night even though we had different dates to the dance I wanted to be with

him. That night after everybody went home, I went to his house and wanted to tell him that I

wanted to see him. Well, that night was my big chance and all I did was just sit there with

him watc hing the stars and talking about what I was going to do and what he was going to

do. I looked into his eyes and listened to him talk about what his dream was, and how he

wanted to get married and settle down. He said how he wanted to be rich and successful. All

I could do was to tell him my dream and sit next to him. I went home hurting because I

didn’t tell him how I was feeling.

36. The first sentence in Paragraph 1 describes a kind of

relationship.

A. normal

B. special

C. dangerous

D. harmful

37. From the Paragraph 2, we can learn the following are boy’s advantages but

.

A. communicating with others

B. understanding others

C. giving girls better impression

D. comforting others

38. The author tells the story in a way of

.

A. anger

B. regret

C. excitement

D. anxiety

39. The author felt hurt on graduation night because

.

A. they would have no opportunity to meet again B . she failed to express her true feeling

C. the boy did understand her

D. she got poor grades in her study

B

Choosing the right university for you is a big decision with many factors to consider.

The institution that you choose will not only be the one that ensures your academic goals, but

it will also be where you will live, learn, play sports, socialize and work for several years.

Therefore, before you start filling out those university application forms, take a step back

and consider the many variables that affect the “fit” of a university to your unique

personality and educational goals. Take a look at the following factors, and decide which

ones mean the most to you.

Consider your educational goals. You will discover that different schools are more

recognized or progressive in your chosen field of study than others. For this reason, talk to

advisors, professionals in your field, or go to clubs organized by the alumni(校友). When

you check out school ranking for your major, you may find that your first choice is not really

a match, while another fits perfectly.

Consider costs. It will be no surprise to you at this point that not all schools cost the

same. Some of the more famous schools are so because they are difficult to get into and

difficult to pay for. Don’t let this necessarily stop you. Just keep this consideration in mind

as you narrow your list of potential schools.

▃ ▄ ▅ ▆ ▇ █ █ ■ ▓点亮心灯 ~~~///(^v^)\\\~~~ 照亮人生 ▃ ▄ ▅ ▆ ▇ █ █ ■ ▓

▁▂▃▄▅▆▇█▉▊▋▌精诚凝聚 =^_^= 成就梦想 ▁▂▃▄▅▆▇█▉▊▋▌

Choosing a university should not be done only on reputation, but also take the academic

programs and overall environment into consideration. Be aware that reputations are

sometimes out of date or overstated, so first-hand experience is often beneficial.

Once you’ve identified the factors that are most important to you, you’ve taken the first

steps towards making a successful choice. Make sure you pick a university that will serve

your needs throughout your university career.

40. The passage is written for

.

A. college students

B. high school students

C. people out of jobs

D. people looking for jobs

41. In the Paragraph 4, the writer advises you not to stress on

.

A. overall environment B. the academic programs

C. first-hand experience D. a university’s reputation

42. It’s better to choose a university which

.

A. costs you a little B. is well equipped C. is well known

D. meets your needs

43. What does the passage mainly talk about?

A. Qualities of a good university.

B. Ways to achieve your goals.

C. Advice on choosing a university.

D. Factors influencing your choice.

C

British scientists may have discovered the reason why red wine appears to protect the

heart. They say natural chemicals found in red wine appear to protect against blocked blood

vessels(血管). The chemical substances are called poly-phenols(多酚). They come from the

outer covering of grap es. They are not present in other alcoholic drinks.

Researchers say their discovery explains why many people in southern Europe can eat

fatty foods and still have a low risk of heart disease. People in France, for example, have

lower rates of heart disease than Americans do. Yet the traditional French diet includes

butter, cheese and other foods high in cholesterol(胆固醇). This led the British scientists to

examine another important part of the French diet — red wine. Several earlier studies have

suggested that people who drink proper amounts of alcohol may reduce their risk of heart

disease.

The British team experimented with cells from the blood vessels of cows. The scientists

studied the effects of twenty-three kinds of red wine on the cow cells. They found that

poly-phenols from all of the red wines stopped production of a protein called endothelin(内

皮素). This protein causes blood vessels to become smaller. Scientists believe endothelin is

linked to hardening of the blood vessels, which is a cause of heart disease.

The scientists found that the decrease in endothelin levels was linked to the amount of

poly-phenols in the wines. The British team performed similar experiments with two other

kinds of wine, white and rose. These wines contain little or no poly-phenols because the

grape skins are removed before the wine is made. White and rose wines had no effect on

endothelin levels.

The scientists also studied the effect of non-alcoho lic juice made from red grapes. They

found that grape juice slowed the production of endothelin, but was much less effective than

the red wines.

44. So far as grapes are concerned,

is more effective on reducing the risk of

heart disease.

▃ ▄ ▅ ▆ ▇ █ █ ■ ▓点亮心灯 ~~~///(^v^)\\\~~~ 照亮人生 ▃ ▄ ▅ ▆ ▇ █ █ ■ ▓

▁▂▃▄▅▆▇█▉▊▋▌精诚凝聚 =^_^= 成就梦想 ▁▂▃▄▅▆▇█▉▊▋▌

A. the outer part of grapes

B. the inner part of grapes

C. the seeds of grapes

D. the juice in grapes

45. What made the British scientists study another important part of the French diet?

A. Traditional French diet.

B. Lower risk of heart disease of the French.

C. The reason why people drink wine.

D. Poly-phenols not existing in other things.

46. From this passage, we may know people’s health is linked to

.

A. diet habits

B. their genes

C. their education

D. living surroundings

47. What’s the best title for this passage?

A. A Healthy Diet

B. Protecting Your Heart

C. Red Wine and Health

D. A Study on Health

D

Camels are large animals living in dry areas. There are two species of camels: the Arabian

camel with a single hump from the dry desert areas of West Asia, and the Bactrian camel

with two humps from Central and East Asia. Camels are over 7 feet tall and weigh over

1,600 pounds. They will live up to 40 to 50 years. Most camels are domesticated(驯化)and

fed by people. Camels are plant-eaters.

Camels are very strong animals with wide, padded feet. They have thick leathery pads on

their knees and chest. Camels have nostrils(鼻孔)that can open and close, protecting them

from the desert environment. Bushy eyebrows and two rows of long eyelashes protect their

eyes from sand. Their mouth is extremely tough, allowing camels to eat thorny(带刺的)

desert plants. Their widened feet help them move without sinking into the sand. Their thick

coats reflect sunlight, and also protect them from the intense heat from desert sand. Their

long legs help by keeping them further from the hot ground.

Camels can go without food and water for 3 to 4 days. They do not store water in their

humps as is commonly believed. The humps are actually a container of fat. Camels are

incredibly(难以置信)well-adapted to their environment. When conditions heat up, camels

can increase their own body temperature, which prevents sweating and therefore water loss.

They may not sweat at all during the day.

Camels are sometimes called “ships of the desert” because people ride them around the hot,

dry deserts of the world. However, the number of camels is becoming smaller for various

reasons.

48. According to the passage, camels usually live in

.

A. Asia

B. Africa

C. America

D. Australia

49. Paragraph 2 is mainly about

.

A. camels are useful animals

B. camels are clever animals

C. camels’ body structure and function

D. camels’ characteristics and habits

50. The reason why camels lose little water in deserts is that they

.

A. get water from green foods

B. can adjust their temperature

C. store enough water in the humps

D. can manage without water

51. What will the author probably talk about following the last paragraph?

A. Ways to protect camels.

B. Habitats of camels.

▃ ▄ ▅ ▆ ▇ █ █ ■ ▓点亮心灯 ~~~///(^v^)\\\~~~ 照亮人生 ▃ ▄ ▅ ▆ ▇ █ █ ■ ▓

▁▂▃▄▅▆▇█▉▊▋▌精诚凝聚 =^_^= 成就梦想 ▁▂▃▄▅▆▇█▉▊▋▌

C. Reasons for raising camels.

D. Functions of camels.

E

There are some differences in replying to compliment between Chinese and Americans.

A mericans tend to accept the compliment wh ile Chinese generally murmur(低语)some

reply about not being worthy of the praise. Here are two examples.

A young Chinese woman in the U.S. was complimented for the lovely dress that she was

wearing. “It’s graceful. The colors are so beautiful!” She was pleased but somewhat

embarrassed. In typical Chinese fashion, she replied, “Oh, it’s just an ordinary dress that I

bought in China.”

At a reception in an American college, a newly-arrived Chinese scholar was chatting with the

hostess, who was an old friend. As an acquaintance(熟人)of hers came up, she said, “Ron,

let me introduce Mr. Chen, an outstanding physicist and one of the nicest people I know.” Mr.

Chen offered his hand to the newcomer but looked at his hostess and said with a smile,

“Should I feel ashamed, or should I tell him you don’t really mean it?”

In both cases, the words of the Chinese conveyed a message quite different from what was

intended. In the case of the Chinese woman, the reply could have meant that the one paying

the compliment did not know what a really good dress is; otherwise, how could she get so

excited about an ordinary dress? The implication(暗示)was that the American woman’s

taste in clothing was questionable. In the second case, if Chen had not been smiling, he could

have meant “You’re just saying that to be polite; you don’t really mean that.” So in one case,

the person had poor judgment. In the other case, the hostess was not sincere. Quite a gap

between intention and message!

52. Which word can best replace the underlined word compliment in Paragraph 1?

A. praise

B. complaint

C. explanation

D. blame

53. Two examples are given in the passage to

.

A. amuse the readers

B. draw reader s’ attention

C. support the author’s opinion

D. arouse readers’ interest

54. The following statements are true except

.

A. both stories happ ened in the USA B. Mr. Chen achieved achievements in physics

C. the dress was a beautiful one

D. Mr. Chen worked in the USA for long

55. The passage mainl y tells us

.

A. Americans like to praise people

B. Chinese people are very modest

C. culture varies in different countries

D. people should respect each other

第三部分:写作(共两节,满分 35 分)

第一节 短文改错(共 10 小题,每小题 1 分,满分 10 分)

Traveling enables us to enjoy not only the beauty of

nature but different cultures. Beside, it can also broaden

56. ______________

our views and makes us feel relaxed. However, something

57. ______________

unexpected may be happen! For example, the weather can

58. ______________

be so changeable you can’t carry out your plan, or you may

59. ______________

get hurting during the trip. To avoid bad luck, you should

60. ______________

do all the necessary preparations before traveling. It is quite

61. ______________

n ecessarily to find a traveling companion so that you can look

62. ______________

after each other. It’s important of you to bring a cell phone. If

63. ______________

▃ ▄ ▅ ▆ ▇ █ █ ■ ▓点亮心灯 ~~~///(^v^)\\\~~~ 照亮人生 ▃ ▄ ▅ ▆ ▇ █ █ ■ ▓

▁▂▃▄▅▆▇█▉▊▋▌精诚凝聚 =^_^= 成就梦想 ▁▂▃▄▅▆▇█▉▊▋▌

you can prepare well before the trip, happiness and safe will

64. ______________

keep you company all the way. Traveling is pleasant activity.

65. ____________ __

第二节 书面表达(满分 25 分)

假如你是新华中学学生会主席李华,学校安排你给即将到你校任教的外籍教师 Peter 推荐

(recommend)一名学生助手(assistant)。请根据以下要点给他写封推荐信:

欢迎 Peter 的到来,推荐韩梅为学生助手

韩梅的基本情况(17 岁,高二学生,学校十佳学生之一)

韩梅的优势(电脑技术、沟通能力、英语水平等)

注意:1.词数 100 左右;2.信的开头与结尾已经给出;3.可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。

2012 高考最后五天冲刺黄金卷:英语 3

参考答案

一、单项填空(共 15 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 15 分)

1~5 DAABA

6~10 BDABC

11~15 DCBCB

二、完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分)

16~20 CDABA

21~25 CCDBA

26~30 CDBAC

31~35 DBABD

三、阅读理解(共 20 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 40 分)

36~39 ACBB 40~43 BDDC 44~47 ABAC

48~51 ACBA 52~55 ACDC

四、短文改错(共 10 小题,每小题 1 分,满分 10 分)

56. Beside 改为 Besides

57. makes 改为 make

58. 去掉 be

59. changeable 后加 that

60. hurting 改为 hurt

61. 正确

62. necessarily 改为 necessary 63. of 改为 for

64. safe 改为 safety

65. pleasant 前加 a

五、书面表达(A possible version)(满分 25 分)

Dear Peter,

I’m Li Hua, Chair of the Students’ Union of Xinhua Middle School. It’s great to hear that

you are coming to teach in our school next semester.

I was asked to write to you to recommend Han Mei, a Senior 2 student of 17, to be your

assistant. Han Mei is a diligent girl, who can use the computer skillfully and has a gift for

communicating with others. What’s more, she is one of the top ten students in our school,

and her spoken English is extremely excellent. I’m sure she can be helpful in your work and

life in China. If you have any questions about it, please contact me.

Looking forward to your coming.

Yours Sincerely,

Li Hua

▃ ▄ ▅ ▆ ▇ █ █ ■ ▓点亮心灯 ~~~///(^v^)\\\~~~ 照亮人生 ▃ ▄ ▅ ▆ ▇ █ █ ■ ▓


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