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新人教版高中英语选修八强化练习:unit 1 section 1(含答案)


Unit 1 A land of diversity Section Ⅰ Warming up; Prereading, Reading & Comprehending

Ⅰ.单词拼写 1.The________(大多数)of boys like playing basketball. 2.The quickest m________of travel is by plane. 3.A large p________of the population own their homes. 4. All applicants will be considered regardless of age, sex, religion or________(国 籍). 5.We________(推选)John as chairman,for he was reliable. 6.It's difficult to move to America, because the rules of i________is rather strict for the foreigners. 7.He is fair to us without d________. 8.Is the account insured by the ________ (联邦制的) government? 9.The sea narrows into a s______ there. 10.Venice is an I______ city. 答 案 : 1.majority 6.immigration 9.strait 7.distinction 10.Italian 2.means 8.federal 3.percentage 4.nationality 5.elected

Ⅱ.选成句子 根据相关的汉语提示,完成下列句子。每空仅限一个单词。 1.我借助报纸上的一则广告找到了我的自行车。 I found my bike________ ________ ________a notice in the newspaper. 2.科学家们说, 他们在防治癌症方面开始有所突破。 Scientists say they are beginning to______ ________in the fight________cancer.

3.彼得说当他第一次来到这个城市时,真的不知道如何适应。 Peter said when he first came to the city, he really didn't know________ ________ ________ ________ ________. 4.我们七月初要去日本。 We're going to Japan__________ __________ ________ ________July. 5.他当演员的梦想终于实现了。 He finally________ ________ ________of becoming an actor. His dream of becoming an actor finally______ ______. 6.保育员尽量让孩子在室外多活动。 The nurses keep children out of doors________ ________ ________ ________. 7.我有一些困难,但是比起你的就算不了什么。 I've had some difficulties but they were nothing________ ________yours. 8.该岛人口约 78,000。 The island________ ________ ________ ________about 78,000. 9.她绝不贫穷。实际上,她相当富有。 ________ ________ ________ ________ ________poor.In fact,she is quite rich. 10.据说他成为一名教师了。 ________ ________that he's become a teacher. 答案: 1.by means of 2.break through;against 3.how to make a life 4.at the beginning of 5.realized/achieved his dream; came true 6.as much as possible 7.compared to(be nothing compared to sb./sth. 表示“比起??算不了什么”) 8.has a population of 9.By no means is she 10.It's said Ⅲ.单项填空 从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。

1.Less than twenty percent of the employees in their company are women. That is to say,men are in the________. A.majority C.possibility 答案:A B.activity D.minority

结合前一句可知,男士占多数,in the majority“占多数,大半”。

activity“活动”;possibility“可能性”;minority“少数”。 2.A new cure for the disease is________to be discovered. A.like C.possible B. likely D.probable

答案:B 此处需要填形容词作表语,首先排除 A 项;possible 和 probable 只 能用 it 作形式主语,不能用人或物作主语,但 likely 可以。 3.These are the highest________that have ever been given by the government. A.distinctions C.expansion 答案: A B.acquisitions D.connections

distinction“差别, 卓越, 荣誉”; acquisition“获得”; expansion“扩

展”;connection“联系”。根据语境“这些是政府迄今授予的最高荣誉。”故选 A 项。 4.Remember to________a good state of mind even if you should fail plenty of times. A.take up C.get up 答案:D B.brush up D.keep up 考查动词短语的含义及语境。此处 keep up 意为“保持”。句意:

即使你屡屡失败,你也要记住保持良好的心态。 5 . An uncle of mine lived________cancer for over 20 years , and died________January at the age of 86. A.for;from C.with;in 答案:C 去世”。 6.Mark of Youth tells the story of four Senior 3 students in a top high school in the B.with;of D.against;with

考查介词辨析。live with“容忍,忍受”;die in January“在一月份

days________up to the national college entrance examination. A.led C.having led 答案:B B.leading D.being led

考查非谓语动词。句意: 《全城高考》讲述的是一所重点中学四名

高三学生通往高考那段时光的故事。现在分词短语作后置定语,修饰 the days。现 在分词的完成式通常不用作定语。 7. After________the top leader of the Communist Party of China, Xi Jinping urged the officials to give up their wastegenerating habits. A.elected C.being elected 答案:C B.electing D.to be elected

句意:在被选为中国共产党最高领导人后,习近平敦促官员改掉浪

费的习惯。在介词 after 后应用动名词形式,句子主语与 elect 之间为被动关系,因 此用动名词的被动形式。 8.—Where did you pick up the wallet? —It was on the beach________we were taking a walk. A.where C.when 答案:A B.that D.which 句意:——你在哪儿捡的钱包?——就在我们散步的海边。答语是

强调句的省略结构,省略了 that I picked up the wallet。where 引导定语从句并在从 句中作状语。 9.The teacher made________clear that ice cream is junk food. A.it C.that 答案:A B.this D.one 考查 it 的用法。句意:老师让大家明白了冰激凌是垃圾食品。it 在

句中作形式宾语,真正的宾语是 that 引导的宾语从句。 10.—I hope that you can remove the difference between you and Susan and become good friends. —________If only Susan had the same idea. A.My pleasure. C.Why me? B.For what? D.By all means.

答案:D

句意:——我希望你能够消除你和苏珊之间的分歧而成为好朋友。

——当然可以。但愿苏珊也有同样的想法。by all means 表示“可以;当然行;没 问题”。 Ⅳ.阅读理解 A Christmastime in the city brings forests of trees already cut and waiting to be sold. But some people like to drive to tree farms. Others wait for their trees to come to them. They order one from the pages of a catalog or on the Internet. Some say the easiest thing of all is to buy a manmade tree with Christmas lights already on it. No falling needles to have to clean up. The National Christmas Tree Association says 33,000,000 real trees were sold last year, compared to 9,000,000 manmade ones. Manmade trees generally cost more, but they can be reused. Most natural trees are cut up and recycled, but some people buy trees that can be planted. Most Christmas trees are now grown on farms instead of in forests. Twentyone thousand tree farmers in the United States grow Christmas trees on more than 180,000 hectares. Oregon was the leading producer last year. Twentytwo percent of people who bought real trees last year chose them at a farm. Two percent of those people cut the trees themselves. The next most popular places were big stores like Walmart and Home Depot.Groups like the Boy Scouts also sell Christmas trees. But some people pay nothing for theirs. They steal it. Cornell University in Ithaca, New York, has many pretty evergreens. Some years ago, a university worker found a way to keep them there. A month before Christmas, workers treated them with “pink ugly mix”. It contains water and red food colour. The bright colour starts to disappear after about a month. It can take longer, however. Cornell decided not to use the mix this year, but the idea has spread. 1.Manmade trees are chosen for Christmas partly because________. A.they cost less than real ones B.they are usually sold with gifts C.they look prettier than real ones D.they can be used for more than once 答案:D 细节理解题。根据第二段第二句可知,可重复使用是人造圣诞树的

优点之一。 2.What can we learn from the passage? A.Oregon produced the most Christmas trees last year. B.Most Christmas trees come directly from the forests. C.All real trees for Christmas are recycled by Americans. D.Manmade Christmas trees are more popular with Americans. 答案:A 细节理解题。根据第三段最后一句“Oregon was the leading producer

last year.”可知,去年 Oregon 生产的圣诞树最多。 3 . People can get their Christmas trees from the following places EXCEPT ________. A.Oregon C.Boy Scouts 答案:D 树。 4.The passage is mainly about________. A.the important festivals in America B.the origin of Christmas as a holiday C.the way Americans celebrate Christmas D.the popularity of Christmas trees in America 答案:D 主旨大意题。本文通过具体数据说明了圣诞节时圣诞树在美国的销 B.Home Depot D.Cornell University

细节理解题。根据最后一段可知,康奈尔大学不生产也不销售圣诞

售情况,进而揭示圣诞树在美很受欢迎。 B When I was 12, all I wanted was a signet (图章) ring. They were the “in” thing and it seemed every girl except me had one. On my 13th birthday, my Mum gave me a signet ring with my initials(姓名首字母) carved into it. I was in heaven. What made it even more special was that it was about the only thing that wasn't being “replaced”. We'd been burnt out in fires that swept through our area earlier that year and had lost everything—so most of the “new” stuff (东西) we got was really just to replace what we'd lost. But not my ring. My ring was new. Then, only one month later, I lost it. I took it off before bed and it was missing in the morning. I was sad and searched everywhere for it. But it seemed to have

disappeared. Eventually, I gave up and stopped looking for it. And two years later, we sold the house and moved away. Years passed, and a couple of moves later, I was visiting my parents' when Mum told me that she had something for me. It wasn't my birthday, nor was it Easter or Christmas or any other giftgiving occasion. Mum noticed my questioning look. “You'll recognize this one,” she said, smiling. Then she handed me a small ring box. I took it from her and opened it to find my beautiful signet ring inside. The family who had bought our house 13 years earlier had recently decided to do some redecorations, which included replacing the carpets. When they pulled the carpet up in my old bedroom, they found the ring. As it had my initials carved into it, they realized who owned the ring. They'd had it professionally cleaned up by a jeweler before sending it to my mother. And it still fits me. 5.The underlined word “in” in the first paragraph probably means “________”. A.fashionable C.practical 答案: A B.available D.renewable

词义猜测题。 由 it seemed every girl except me had one 可知图章戒指

对女孩们来说是一个很时尚的东西。fashionable 时尚的;流行的。 6.When she got the ring back, the writer was about ________. A.13 years old C.26 years old 答案:D B.15 years old D.28 years old

细节理解题。由第一段可知作者在 13 岁时得到了这枚戒指,但是

一月之后把它丢了,丢失戒指 2 年之后房子被卖掉,而卖掉房子 13 年之后戒指失 而复得。 7.Which of the following is TRUE according to the passage? A.The writer's family moved several times. B.The writer never stopped looking for her ring. C.The writer's ring was cleaned up by the new house owner. D.The writer lost her ring in the morning when she took it off. 答案:A 细节理解题。由第三段 Years passed,and a couple of moves later,...

可知答案为 A。 8.What would be the best title for the passage? A.My New Ring B.Lost and Found C.Lost and Replaced D.An Expensive Ring 答案:B 主旨大意题。整篇文章讲述的就是妈妈送给我的图章戒指“失而复 得”的过程。


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