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八年级英语单项选择80题精解


初中英语八年级单项选择题 初中英语八年级单项选择题
1.Would you like A. few 答案与解释: little, few,表示几乎没有,不合题意,A,C 可以排除.a few,some 表示一些.a few 后接可数名词. some 可接可数名词也可接不可数名词, 一般用于肯定句中, some 用于疑问 句中是诚恳地希望得到肯定的回答.因此选 D. 2.We will go on a trip if it tomorrow. B. doesn't rain A. won't rain milk? B. a few Yes, just a little. C. little D. some

C. rains

D. will rain

答案与解释: 在时间状语从句和条件状语从句中,用现在时表示将来,因此 A,D 不对,本句的意思 是如果明天没下雨,我们将去旅行,C 不合题意,因此选 B. 3. I don't know if there is A. something useful in the box. B. useful something

C. anything useful

D. useful anything

答案与解释: something(一些事)与 anything(任何事)的区别是:如果表示肯定,或者期望肯定回 答的疑问句,用 something; 如果在否定句中,或者是一般的疑问句,就用 anything. 形容 词修饰它时要放在它的后面. 所以 B, 不对, D 本句表示不知道是否有有益的东西在盒子里, 表示不肯定,因此选 C. 4.Please give me some paper A.to write B.write 答案与解释: 目的状语,用 to,所以 B 不对,write with 表示"用什么写",write on 表"在什么上面写" 根据题意,应选 C. 5.I didn't see , for there wasn't A.enough clearly, light enough C.enough clearly, enough light . B. clearly enough, enough light D. clearly enough, light enough

C.to write on

D.to write with

答案与解释: enough 做形容词,足够的,修饰可数名词或不可数名词,可以放在名词前面,也可以 放在名词后面;做副词,足够地,修饰形容词,副词,动词,并放在被修饰词后.首先排除 A,C,而 light enough 是"足够轻"的意思,不合题意,因此,选 B. 6.My little brother become animals when he was five years old. A.interesting B.interested C.interesting in D.interested in 答案与解释: interesting 是形容词,有主动意为,意为"令人有趣的",作表语时,主语通常是物.作 定语时,既可修饰人,也可修饰物. interested 也是形容词,有被动意为,意为"感兴趣的,对…感兴趣",主语通常是人,且多用 于 be/get/feel/become interested in 结构中.题目的意思是对动物感兴趣,因此选 D
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8.What happened A.with B.in

Millie? C.to D.of

答案与解释: happen to 固定短语,因此选 C 9.It's today than yesterday. A.sun B.sunny C.sunner

D.sunnier

答案与解释: sunny 的比较级是 sunnier,因此选 D. 10.Why are you late for school? I got up too late this morning. A.As B.Because C.Since D.Because of 答案与解释: 答案均有因为的意思,但有区别: for: 介词,(表示原因)因为,由于,作为…的结果,表明附加或推断的理由,引导的分句前 常有逗号,for 分句不放句首. since: 侧重主句,主句表示显然的或已知的理由,一般用于句首. because: 是连词,表直接原因,因果关系比较强,回答 why 的提问,一般后边跟句子. because of:后面只能跟名词或名词性的词语. 因此选 B. 11. You should study hard. No one can A.provide;for B.provide;with 答案与解释: 从题意理解应为"没有人能给你提供一个美好的未来",因此排除 C,D. 短语 provide sth for sb.意思"为某人提供某物"而 provide sb. with sth.意思为"提供某物给某人 或给某人提供某物",因此,选 B. 12.The little girl TV all day. She did nothing. A.keep watching B.kept to watching C.keeps watching 答案与解释: 从本句后半部时态为一般过去是,因此,A,C 现在时态可以排除,keep doing 这个词 组用来表示"不断做某事"的意思,强调动作连续不断,而一般不用 keep to doing,因此选 D. 13.So much work usually make him A.feels B.feeling C.feel very tired. D.to feel you C.keep;/ a good future. D.protect;to have

D.kept watching

答案与解释: 句型 make sb to do sth,一般省略 to,因此后面动词要原形,一般不带 doing.所以选 C. 14. Can you hear the girls A.sang B.to sing in the next room? C.singing D.sing

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答案与解释: hear sb. do sth 听见某人做某事 而 hear sb. doing sth 听见某人正在做某事,本句的意 思表示正在进行的状态,因此选 C. 15.Her parents are busy, but his A.is;busier B.are;busier much C.is;the busier . D.are;the busier

答案与解释: His 后面省略 parents ,表示他的双亲,因此用复数 are,much 后接比较级,因此选 B. 16.These animals are A.in a danger now. B.in dangers

C.out of danger

D.out of the danger

答案与解释: 这句意思是这些动物脱离了危险, in danger 意思"在危险中", of danger 的意思"脱 A, out 离危险",符合题意,选 C. 17. visitors will come to China, I think. A.More and more B.Many and many

C.Much and more

D.Less and less

答案与解释: More and more 越来越多,固定词组,选 A. 18.His father looked A.happy;happy 答案与解释: happily 是副词"幸福地",修饰词组 look at ,happy 形容词"高兴的",修饰系动词 look. 因此选 C. 19.Please tell me the changes A.in B.into C.on the number of the birds. D.for at my medal. He looked . B.happy;happily C.happily;happy

D.happily;happily

答案与解释: 本句的意思是"请告诉我这群鸟在数量上的变化",因此选 A 合适. 20.We must stop the children from A.play B.to play C.playing with fire. D.are playing

答案与解释: stop sb. from doing sth.表示"阻止某人做某事",答案 C 符合要求,选 C. 21.There is going to a basketball match in their school. A.have B.has C.is D.be 答案与解释: 本题主要考查 there be 句型的将来时结构,here is going to be(将会有)=there will be 是 there be 句型的将来时结构,There are going to be +名词复数,There is going to be +名词 单数,四个备选答案中 D 符合要求,选 D. 22.---There __________ a welcome party in our class tonight . --- Really ? Why ?
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A. is going to have 答案与解释: 同上

B. is going to be

C. are going to be

warm clothes. 23.Mother advised me A.wear B.wearing C.wore D.to wear 答案与解释: advise 常构成 advise sb to do sth/that clause,选 D.另外 suggest + n/that clause/v-ing 等 形式的一般不可以接 to do sth. 24.It's very hot today, It's going to get A.hot B.hotter C.very hot tomorrow, I think. D.hoter

答案与解释: 本题的关键是弄清题目意思是今天很热,明天将会更热,是今天和明天的天气相比较, 用比较级,选 B. 25.Our teacher told me A.not;to lock forget B.not to;to lock the door. C.not;locking

D.doesn't;to lock

答案与解释: 本题考察不定式的用法,不定式否定式用法以及 forget to do sth/forget doing sth 用法. 根据题意,老师告诉我别忘了锁门,而 forget to do sth 是"忘了应去做某事"的意思,forget doing sth 是"忘了已做过某事",显然 C 不合题意,而 A,D 不定式否定式把 to 省略,不对, 选 B. 26.What about going to the park? A.Thank you B.Here you are 答案与解释: 本句考查学生的口语交际,应选 D. 27.---What do you think is __________ football , basketball or baseball ? A. popular B. more popular C. the most popular 答案与解释: 三种球类比较那种最受大众欢迎,用形容词最高级,因此选 C. 28.Deng Yaping is a ping-pong player . When __________ she born ? A. is B. were C. was 答案与解释: 问某人何时出生,用过去式,本句问 Deng Yaping 是单数,选 C. 29. Would you like __________ a cake with meat in it ? A. have B. having . C.Not at all

D.Good idea

C. to have

答案与解释: 本题考查句型"主词+would like+ (sb.) +to+原形动词", 意为"想要…". would like 是 一种表示意愿的动词,后接不定式 to 引导的原形动词.选 C.
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30.

Most boys enjoy __________ computer games after class. A. plays B. playing C. to play

答案与解释: enjoy 后接 doing sth. 与此类似的 like 后可接接 doing sth.也可接 to do sth.,选 B. 31. ---__________ will you stay in Uncle Martin's ? ---Two or three days . A. How long B. When C. How 答案与解释: 从答句"两或三天"可知问句是问多长时间,因此选 A 符合要求. 32. --- Could you please bring me the photo ? ---__________. A. Yes , I could . B. Sorry , I couldn't .

C. Yes , sure .

答案与解释: Could you……是提出委婉的请求,在回答中不可用 could,所以选 C. 33. Thank you for __________ and for the beautiful gift . A. came B. to come 答案与解释: 句型 thank you for 后面接名词,动名词,因此选 C. 34. A tiger is __________ than a dog . A. much heavier B. more heavier

C. coming

C. much heavy

答案与解释: 题意是老虎和狗的重量比较, 用比较级, much 可以修饰比较级和原形, more 是 much 而 比较级,因此不可以修饰比较级,只能修饰原形,B 不对.C 表示很重,没有比较的意思, 选 A. 35. ---__________beef do you want ? A. How much B. How many

C. How often

答案与解释: how much 与 how many 的区别在于: many 后接可数名词复数形式, how much 后 how 而 接不可数名词.beef 是不可数名词,B 不对,C 表频率,不合题意,因此选 A. 36. It's difficult for us __________ work out the math problem . A. too B. to C. by 答案与解释: 考查句型 It+be+形容词+for sb +to do,选 B. 37. The boys are going to help the girls __________ football . A. practice play B. practicing playing 答案与解释: 本句 help 后省略了 to,所以 B 可以排除,短语 practice doing sth.表示"练习做某事",一 般不用 practice to do sth.,选 C.
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C. practice playing

38. It's raining now , don't __________ take your raincoat with you when you go out . A. forget B. forget to C. to forget 答案与解释: 本题考查 forget to do"忘记要去做某事"和 forget doing"忘记做过某事"的用法. 根据题意 现在天正下雨,但你出去别忘记要带雨衣(忘记要去做某事),因此选 B. 39. Yesterday she finished __________ the book . A. writing B. to write 答案与解释: 英语中有很多 to do sth/doing sth 的用法,可是 finish 是一个特例,finish 后面的动词都 是 doing 没有 finish to do sth,因此选 A. 40.She is good at cooking. __________. . A So I do B. So can I C. So do I

C. write

D. So am I

答案与解释: 表示"也","也不" 的句子要部分倒装,A 排除,从句中 is,可以排除 B,C,选 D. 41.Give him __________to eat, please. . A. something delicious B. delicious something C. anything delicious D. delicious anything 答案与解释: 一般情况下,something 用于肯定句,anything 用于否定和疑问.不过,在表示请求, 建议或征求意见的疑问句中常用 something,这是一种特殊的用法,所以 C,D 可以排除. something,anything 一般放在形容词前面,因此选 A. 42.My friend was sick in __________hospital last month. A. a B. the C. an D. / 答案与解释: 区分下面词组的意思:in hospital 生病住院 in the hospital 在医院里 in a hospital 是指在 医院工作或去医院办事,题目的意思是"我的朋友上月生病住院",选 D. 43.Does your father often go to work__________? A. by a train B. on a train C. take a train

D. catch a train

答案与解释: 介词短语 on a/the train=by train 指"坐火车" 此词组常用于句末作状语, 故本题选 B 而 C take a train 和 D catch a train 都是表示动作的,不合题意. 44.It is wrong of you to laugh __________ people. . A. at others B. in other C. at other D. in another 答案与解释:

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laugh at 耻笑,固定词组,排除 B,D.other 意思是"其他的,别的,另外的",可以做 形容词用,在句子中作定语.others 意思是"其他的人或物",作代词用泛指"另外的人或物". 本句用 other 做形容词修饰 people,选 C. 45.Well, __________this medicine three __________a day. A. take; time B. eat; times C. take; times D. eat; times 答案与解释: 吃药一般用 take,不直接用 eat,三次用 times,选 C. 46.You'd better not eat __________food every day. . A. much too B. too much C. too many D. many too 答案与解释: too much"太多,过多"用来修饰不可数名词. much too"实在,太"用来修饰形容词或副 词,其实 too 就是用来修饰形容词或副词,在它前面加上 much 则更能表示程度"太".Food 是不可数名词,因此选 B. 47.I got up too late __________the early bus. A. to catch up with B. to catch up C . catching up with D. catching up 答案与解释: too…to…太…以至于不…, 本句意思是起的太晚以至于赶不上早班车, 所以首先排除 C, D.catch up 和 catch up with 都是"赶上"的意思(由其指功课,进度),但一般 catch up with 后面可以接人或某事,catch up 一般不接.选 A. 48.The boy didn't work __________the exam. A. enough hard to pass B. hard enough to past C. hard enough to pass D. hard enough passing 答案与解释: enough 用来修饰形容词,副词时放在被修饰词的后面,用来修饰名词时放在被修饰词 的前面,排除 A.enough to 是"足够……可以……"所以排除 D.past 做通过的意思是连词, 不能做动词,因此 B 排除,选 C. 49.She stopped _________to the music and didn't cry_______. A. listening; any more B. to listen; any more C. listened; no longer D. to listen; no more 答案与解释: stop to do 是停下来去做别的某事,stop doing 是停止做某事,本句的意思是她停下来 听音乐,所以排除 A,C.no more=not ... any more 意思是"不再",表示数量或程度,修饰 非持续性动词.no longer 和 no more 本身有否定的意思,句中不能再有否定,所以排除 D, 选 B. 50.We lost __________the beautiful music. A. us on B. our for C. ourselves in 答案与解释:
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D. ours at

"自我"用 ourselves,选 C. 51.Lily quickly __________ Kate. A. passed it on to B. passed on it to C. passed on them to D. passed on to it 答案与解释: pass on sth to sb."把..传递给..."当 sb 是人称代词时位置发生变化 pass it on to sb,所以选 A. 52.—Why are you __________with him? . —Because he is __________ me. A. feed up; always disturb B. fed up; always disturbing C. fed up; often disturbing D. feed up; often disturbing 答案与解释: fed up 的意思是"感到厌烦的;忍无可忍" ,而 feed up 的意思"养肥,养壮" ,在正式场 合不常用作为"感到厌烦的;忍无可忍"使用,所以排除 A,D.答句中他总是打扰我,用现 在进行时表示习惯进行,表示长期的或重复性的动作,说话时动作未必正在进行.选 B. 53. The hotel is the best here. It has rooms. A. the worse B. most comfortable C. best 答案与解释: 从题意"最舒适的房间",必须用形容词最高级,形容词最高级一般要加 the,但如果前 面是物主代词,如:my best friend 就可以不用,因此 B,C 都不对,A 与第一句矛盾,排除. 选 D. 54. ——Where is Jack? ——He A. plays B. is playing basketball on the playground. C. is going to play D. play

D. the most comfortable

答案与解释: 根据对话内容,表示现在( 指说话人说话时) 正在发生的事情.用现在进行时,A 一般 现在时,C 将来时,D 语法错误,选 B. 55. He likes singing songs, but I sing A. more good B. best than he does. C. more worse

D. better

答案与解释: good 的比较级是 better,不能写成 more good,它的最高级 best,worse 是 bad 的比较 级,选 D. 56. ——Could you please help me do the laundry this afternoon? —— I will be free after 2:30 in the afternoon. A. Sorry, I can't B. No, you can't C. Sure, I'd love to

D. Of course not

答案与解释: 情态动词的回答方式,当提出委婉的请求时,在回答中不可用 could,常用 can, ,B,C 回答的对象不对,D 回答不完整.选 A. 57. — did he play soccer? —About 3 hours. A. How many B. How much C. How often D. How long

答案与解释: 我们可以从答句中得到启发,问句问的是多长时间,因此应选 D.

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58. Let's buy a big house B. with A. for

the money. C. use

D. spend

答案与解释: with 一般用于"和┅┅在一起,用,使用(工具,手段等) ,与…一致"等,本句表示用 那些钱来买,所以用 with,这里一般不直接用 use,选 B. 59. The art exhibition will A. do B. have me rich and famous C. help D. make

答案与解释: 本题主要考查词组 make sb famous"使某人出名"的使用,选 D. 60. —When did she A. tour 答案与解释: tour 强调游览某地 tour the USA, travel 是动词,就是去哪旅游:I traveled to the USA, C,D 不合题意,选 A. 61. —Who's A. quieter ,Tom or Tim? B. more healthy —Tom is C. worst the USA ? B. travel —Three years ago C. go D. watch

D. best

答案与解释: 本句询问的是两个人谁更安静,比较级,C,D 排除,healthy 的比较级前面不加 more, 选 A. 62. —Do you look the same? —No, I am A. little B. few C. a little taller than her D. many

答案与解释: 答句表示的意思"我比他高一些" ,A,B 表示几乎没有,不合题意,可以排除,C 表 示"有一些",D 表示很多,选 C. 63. —Who the souvenir? —Maria did A. is going to bay B. bought C. buys 答案与解释: 从答句 did 判断,问句的动词应该是过去式,选 B. 64. —Arthur is a loving grandmother —Yeah, she all her free time with her grandchildren. A. pays B. takes C. uses D. spends 答案与解释: 一般花时间做某事,用 spend,spend some time (in) doing sth,she 是第三人称单数,选 D. 65. I'm going to write articles and A. send B. take them to magazines and newspapers. C. bring D. give

D. wants to bay

答案与解释: take 是 bring 的对语,是"带去","拿来"的意思,send 发出,一般用于寄信,发邮件等, give 是给,本句的是把文章寄给杂志和报纸发表,所以选 A. 66. —When did he go to Beijing? A. in B. at 答案与解释:
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—He went there C. on

May 12th D. by

具体到某一天,用 on.而 in 到年,月,at 到时刻,by 一般不接时间.选 C. 67. Timmy goes to school ____ every day. It's 5 minutes' walk from his home to school . A. in a bus B. by plane C. on foot D. by boat 答案与解释: 从后半句可知 Timmy 家离学校很近,只有 5 分钟路程,因此走路就可以,选 C. 68.It is _________ today than yesterday . Shall we go swimming this afternoon? A. the hottest B. hot C. hottest D. hotter 答案与解释: 题意:今天比昨天热,比较级,选 D. 69.There's _______________ with your watch . Time is not right . A wrong something B something wrong C wrong nothing

D nothing wrong

答案与解释: 一般 something 肯定句 nothing 否定句,排除 C,D,something 形容词修饰它时要放在 它的后面, 选 B. 70.----- I hear you talk about your friend, John so much. _____________? ----- Well, he's a bit tall. He is always well dressed. A. Is he tall B. What does he look like C. How is he D. How is he doing 答案与解释: 从对话中判断,问句是问他长得如何?所以选 B. 71.--______ does your father do morning exercises?—Hardly ever. A. How B. How often C. When D. What time 答案与解释: 从对话中判断,问的是频率,因此选 B. 72._____is important for us _______sports every day A. It; do B. That; to do C. This; to do D. It; to do. 答案与解释: 本题主要考查 it is important for us to do sth 这个句形,选 D. 73. Mr Green ______for America the day after tomorrow. A. left B. leaves C. is leaving D. is going to leave 答案与解释: 本句是用现在进行时表示将来, 意为"意图", "打算", "安排", 常用于人. 常用词为 come, go, start, arrive, leave, stay 等选 C. 74. I'm hungry. Would you please give me ______to eat? A.delicious something B. something delicious C. anything delicious D. nothing delicious 答案与解释: something 一般用于肯定句,也用于客气或恳求的疑问句,anything 一般用于疑问句, 但没有客气或恳求的意思,nothing 一般由于否定句,同时形容词修饰 something,应放在它 的后面,选 B. 75.Tom goes to school ________every day.
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A. by a bus B. by his bike C. by buses D. on foot 答案与解释: 一般乘公共汽车 by bus,步行 on foot,选 D. 76. It _____ my daughter half an hour _______ her homework last night. A. takes, to finish B. took, finish C. took, to finish D. took, finished 答案与解释: 句型 it takes 时间 to do sth…,从 last night 可排除 A,从后面的 to do sth 可排除 B,D, 选 C. 77.Her dress is _________than ________. A. more beautiful, mine B. more beautiful, my C. the most beautiful, I D. beautiful, me 答案与解释: 比较级,C,D 排除,比我的裙子,用我的所有格做宾语,选 A. 78. It's ______ colder today than it was yesterday. A. very B. more C. much D. little 答案与解释: 因为有比较,所以不能用 A D.而 B 本身是比较级,cold 后面已经有 er,用了就是重 复,cold 的比较级就是 colder,不是 more cold,much 可以修饰比较级,所以选 D. 79. Put the ingredients in the container and _________, please. A. mix up it B. mix it up C. mix up them D. mix them up 答案与解释: 题目的意思是请把这些配料放进容器里然后搅拌它,mix up 的意思是"把…混在一起", 如果用代词时要将代词放在中间,ingredients 是可数名词,是复数,代词用 them,所以是 mix them up,选 D. 80.There_______ a wonderful football match between Spain and Italy next week. A. will have B. is going to have C. is going to be D. is 答案与解释: 本题主要考查 There wil have 和 There be going to 两个句型的区别,be going to 与 will 两者都可表示将要发生的事,将要去做某事,但它们有如下几点区别: 1. be going to 表示近期,眼下就要发生的事情,will 表示的将来时间则较远一些,如: 2. be going to 表示根据主观判断将来肯定发生的事情,will 表示客观上将来势必发生的事 情. 3. be going to 含有"计划,准备"的意思,而 will 则没有这个意思,如: 4.在有条件从句的主句中,一般不用 be going to, 而多用 will. 从题目可以认为下周的足球比赛是事先计划好的, 并且比赛的精彩程度是可预期到的, 因此 选 C.

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