2015---2016 学年第一学期第一次阶段考试（辅导班） 英语
阅读理解（共两节，满分 40 分）
第一节（共 15 题：每小题 2 分，总分 30 分）
It was one of those terribly hot days in Baltimore. Needless to say, it was too hot to do anything outside. But it was also scorching in our apartment. This was 1962, and I would not live in a place with an air conditioner for another ten years. So my brother and I decided to leave the apartment to find someplace indoors. He suggested we could see a movie. It was a brilliant plan. Movie theaters were one of the few places you could sit all day and—most important —sit in air conditioning. In those days, you could buy one ticket and sit through two movies. Then, the theater would show the same two movies again. If you wanted to, you could sit through them twice. Most people did not do that, but the manager at our theater. Mr. Bellow did not mind if you did. That particular day, my brother and I sat through both movies twice, trying to escape the heat. We bought three bags of popcorn and three sodas each. Then, we sat and watched The Music Man followed by The Man Who Shot Liberty Valance. We’d already seen the second movie once before. It had been at the theater since January, because Mr. Bellow loved anything with John Wayne in it. We left the theater around 8, just before the evening shows began. But we returned the next day and saw the same two movies again, twice more. And we did it the next day too. Finally, on the fourth day, the heat wave broke. Still, to this day I can sing half the songs in The Music Man and recite half of John Wayne and Jimmy Stewart’s dialogue from The Man Who Shot Liberty Valance! Those memories are some of the few I have of the heat wave of 1962. They’re really memories of the screen, not memories of my life. 1.In which year did t he author first live in a place with an air conditioner? A. 1952 B. 1972 C. 1962 D. 1982 2. What does the underlined word “It”in Paragraph 3 refer to? A. The Man Who Shot Liberty Valance B. The theater. C. The Music Man D. The heat 3.What do we know about Mr. Bellow? A. He loved children very much. B. He was a movie star. C. He sold air conditioners. D. He was a fan of John Wayne. 4.Why did the author and his/her brother see the same movies several times? A. The two movies were really wonderful. B. They wanted to avoid the heat outside. C. The manager of the theater was friendly. D. They liked the popcorn and the soda at the theater.
Have you ever dreamed of visiting a planet in the Milk Way? While the trip sounds exciting, it would take years and years to reach your destination. So in the future, bedtime for astronauts may be more than a few hours of regular shut-eye. They would have to sleep for years.
European researchers are now conducting hibernation experiments. The study may help them understand whether humans could ever sleep through the years it would take for a space flightto distant planets. "If there was an effective technology, it could make deep-space travel a reality," said Mark Ayre of the European Space Agency last month. What seems like science fiction is not completely unlikely. Researchers have been able to use chemicals to put living cells into a sleep-like state where they don't age. They have now moved on to small, non-hibernating mammals like rats. A major challenge is the fact that cells can be very simple systems, whereas body organs are far more complex. "It's like moving from a simple Apple computer to a supercomputer," said Marco Biggiogera, a hibernation researcher at Italy's University of Pavia. Just like bears and frogs, the hibernation of human beings would cause a person's metabolism (新 陈代谢) to lower so they would need less energy. Medical research, however, is just half of a space flight hibernation system. There is the challenge of designing a suitable protective shelter. Such a shelter would provide the proper environment for hibernation, such as the proper temperature. It would also have to monitor (监控) life functions and serve the physiological needs of the hibernator. According to Ayre, the six-person Human Outer Planets Exploration Mission to Jupiter's moon (木 星的卫星) Callisto, could be an opportunity to use human hibernation. The mission aims to send six humans on a five-year flight to Callisto, where they will spend 30 days, in 2045. 5. European researchers are conducting hibernation experiments to ________. A. ensure astronauts to get a complete sleep B. find the secret of some creatures C. make preparations for the journey to Jupiter’s moon Callisto D. know if man can sleep for years 6. The sentence “What seems like science fiction is not completely unlikely” means ______. A. Science fiction is people’s imagination. B. Science fiction is imaginative, but it can be realized. C. Things seem impossible may come true. D. Things described in science fiction are sure to become true. 7. The passage implies that ________. A. putting living cells into a sleep-like state is full of failure B. Biggiogera is confident with the experiment C. human’s hibernation needs no energy D. medical research is the key to space flight hibernation system 8. What’s the best title for the passage? A. Six humans to fly to Callisto B. Human hibernation improves health C. Space travel attracts people D. Deep sleep for deep space travel
Elizabeth Freeman was born about 1742 to African American parents who were slaves. At the age of six months she was acquired, along with her sister, by John Ashley, a ealthy Massachusetts slaveholders. She became known as “Mumbet” or “M um Bett.” For nearly 30 years Mumbet served the Ashley family. One day, Ashley’s wife tried to strike
Mumbet’s sister with a spade. Mumbet protected her sister and took the blow instead. Furious, she left the house and refused to come back. When the Ashleys tried to make her return, Mumbet consulted a lawyer, Theodore Sedgewick. With his help, Mumbet sued(起诉) for her freedom. While serving the Ashleys, Mumbet had listened to many discussions of the newMassachusetts constitution. If the constitution said that all people were free and equal, then she thought it should apply to her. Eventually, Mumbet won her freedom---- the first slave in Massachusetts to do so und er the new constitution. Strangely enough, after the trial, the Ashleys asked Mumbet to come back and work for them as a paid employee. She declined and instead went to work for Segdewick. Mumbet died in 1829, but her legacy lived on in her many descendants(后裔). One of her great-grandchildren was W.E.B. Du Bois, one of the founder of the NAACP, and an important writer and spokesperson for African American civil rights. Mumbet’s tombstone still stands in the Massachusetts cemetery where she was buried. It reads, in part: “She was born a slave and remained a slave and remained a slave for nearly thirty years. She could neither read nor write, yet in her own sphere she had no superior or equal.” 9. What do we know about Mumbet according to Paragraph 1? A. She was born a slave B. She was a slaveholder C. She had a famous sister D. She was born into a r ich family 10. What did Mumbet learn from discussions about the new consititution? A. She should always obey her owners’ orders B. She should be as free and equal as whites C. How to be a good servant D. How to apply for a job 11. What did Mumbet do after the trial? A. She chose to work for a lawyer B. She found the NAACP C. She continued to serve the Ashleys D. She went to live with hergrandchildren 12. What is the test mainly about? A. A story of a famous writer and spokesperson B. The friendship between a lawyerand a slave C. The life of a brave African American woman
What will power your house in the future? Nuclear, wind, or solar power? According to scientists at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) in the US, it might be leaves -but artificial ones. Natural leaves are able to change sunlight and water into energy. It is known as photosynthesis (光合作用). Now researchers have found a way to imitate this seemingly simple process. The artificial leaf developed by Daniel Nocera and his colleagues at MIT can be seen as a special silicon chip (硅片) with catalysts (催化剂). Similar to natural leaves, it can split water into hydrogen and oxygen when put into a bucket of water. The hydrogen and oxygen gases are then stored in a fuel cell (电池), which uses those two materials to produce electricity, located either on top of a house or beside the house. Though the leaf is only about the shape of a poker card, scientists claimed that it is promising to be an inexpensive source of electricity in developing countries. "One can imagine villages in India and Africa not long from now purchasing an affordable basic power system based on this technology," said Docera at a conference of the American Chemical Society. An artificial leaf is not a new idea. The first artificial leaf was invented in 1997 but was too expensive and unstable for practical use. The new leaf, by contrast, is made of cheap materials, easy
to use and highly stable. In laboratory studies, Nocera showed that an artificial leaf prorotype(原型) could operate continuously for at least 45 hours without a drop in activity. The wonderful improvements come from Nocera's recent discovery of several powerful new, inexpensive catalysts. These catalysts make the energy transformation ( 转 换 ) inside the efficient with water and sunlight. Right now, the new leaf is about 10 times more efficient at carrying out photosynthesis than a natural one. Besides, the device can run in whatever water is available; that is, it doesn't need pure water. This is important for some countries that don't have access to pure water. With the goal to "make each home its own power station" and "giving energy to the poor", scientists believe that the new application could be widely used in developing countries, especially in India and rural China. 13. Which of the following order correctly shows how the artificial leaf is used to produce electricity? a. artificial leaves split water into hydrogen and oxygen b. the hydrogen and oxygen gases are stored in a fuel cell c. the artificial leaves are put in water d. the fuel cell uses hydrogen and oxygen to produce electricity A. cabd B. cbad C. bcad D. cadb 14. Which of the following statements about new artificial leaves is TRUE according to the article? A. They are inexpensive but unstable. B. They are as efficient at carrying out photosynthesis as natural leaves. C. They can work only in pure water. D. They need several catalysts to help them work efficiently. 15. The aim of the scientists at MIT in developing the new artificial leaves is to . A. build-up more power stations in the world B. provide cheaper energy for developing countries C. offer people in developing countries access to pure water D. gain a deeper understanding of the photosynthesis process 第二节（共 5 题；每小题 2 分，满分 10 分）
How to Sleep Better
If you’re having trouble getting good sleep through the night (turning, waking up more than once, for example), this text will tell you what you can do to ensure a peaceful night’s sleep. Get on schedule. Changing your sleeping time by more than an hour can severely disturb your sleep quality 16 For example, if you normally wake up at 6 a.m. on weekdays to get to work, you might go to bed around 10 p.m., because that’s when you start to feel sleepy, and it’s also a good time to ensure 8 hours of sleep. If, on the weekend, you sleep until 9 a.m., you probably won’t be able to fall asleep that night until 1a.m. 17 Wait at least three hours after dinner before going to sleep. Digestion slows down while asleep, and a full stomach may interrupt sleep. Similarly, you should avoid going to bed on an empty stomach, as a completely empty stomach may equally disturb your sleeping patterns. 18 Exposure to light during the time when you’re supposed to be sleeping can disturb your body’s internal clock. Turn your light off, or use a very dim night light, 19 They include windows, LED clocks, computer lights and cable boxes. Change your sleeping position. You may think that it’s impossible to control what position you sleep in since you aren’t fully aware of what you are doing, but it is possible and it can make a
considerable difference. 20 A. Try to avoid all sources of light. B. Keep the room as dark as possible. C. Make notes of unusual circumstances. D. Be mindful of what you eat or drink before bed. E. Sleep is considered to be adequate only when there is no daytime sleepiness. F. In other words, sudden change sleeping time will affect your “biological clock”. G. If you wake up in the middle of the night, make an effort to have a comfortable position.
英语知识运用（共两节，满分 45 分）
第一节 完形填空（共 20 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 30 分） Now and then I have tested my seeing friends to discover what they see. Recently I was visited by a very good friend who had just 21 from a long walk in the woods, and I asked her what she had observed. “Nothing 22 ，” she replied. But for long I have been accustomed to such 23 , and became 24 that the_seeing_see_little. How was it 25 , I asked myself, to walk for an hour through the woods and see 26 worthy of note? I — who cannot see, find hundreds of things to 27 me through mere touch. I feel the delicate symmetry(对称) of a leaf. I pass my 28 lovingly about the smooth skin of a silver birch(白 桦树), or the 29 bark of a pine. In 30 I t ouch the branches of trees hopefully 31 a bud, the first sign of 32 nature after her winter's 33 I feel the delightful, smooth texture of a flower, and discover its remarkable swirl(旋动); and something of the miracle of nature is revealed to me. Occasionally, if I am very fortunate, I place my hand gently in a small tree and feel the happiness of a bird in full song. I am delighted to have cool waters of a stream rush through my open fingers. To me a rich carpet of pine needles or spongy grass is more 34 than the most luxurious Persian rug(波 斯毛毯). To me the circle of seasons is a thrilling and unending drama, the action of which streams through my finger tips. At times my heart cries out with longing to see all these things. 35 I can get so much pleasure from mere touch, how much more 36 must be revealed by sight. Yet, those who have eyes 37 see little. The whole picture of color and action filling the world is taken for granted. It is human, perhaps, to 38 little that which we have and to 39 that which we have not, but it is a great 40 that in the world of light and the gift of sight is used only as mere convenience rather that as a means of adding fullness to life. 21. A. suffered B. benefited C. returned D. separated 22. A. in brief B. in particular C. in advance D. in secret 23. A. problems B. doubts C. questions D. responses 24. A. convinced B. worried C. satisfied D. frightened 25. A. normal B. possible C. necessary D. important 26. A. anything B. nothing C. everything D. something 27. A. amuse B. disappoint C. interest D. embarrass 28. A. feet B. arms C. hands D. shoulders 29. A. smooth B. colorful C. rough D. tough 30. A. winter B. summer C. autumn D. spring 31. A. in search of B. in praise of C. in need of D. in place of 32. A. awakening B. enjoying C. disturbing D. appealing 33. A. exercise B. work C. sleep D. rest 34. A. available B. encouraged C. expensive D. welcomed
35. A. Until 36. A. leaves 37. A. obviously 38. A. imagine 39. A. turn down 40. A. fact
B. Unless B. beauty B. eventually B. abandon B. long for B. problem
C. Though C. trees C. naturally C. appreciate C. stick to C. conclusion
D. If D. nature D. immediately D. expect D. depend on D. pity
第二部分 英语知识运用（共两节，满分 45 分）
第二节（共 10 题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 15 分） People’s eating habits may be pre-determined by their personality. Different people have d ifferent personalities, 41 lead to different eating habits. Each habit has its different characteristics. Accidental Dinners love to munch( eat steadily and often noisily). They often unconscious of their 4 2 (eat) habits and do not recognize the differences between foods on the basis of nutritional quality, 43 (fresh), or calorie content. Eating too much can occur 44 feelings of boredom or frustration. Irregular Diners typically pay little attention to their nutritional needs. Eating 45 (consider) a mere necessity. Quality presentation ar e of little importance. By 46 time they remember to eat, they seem extremely hungry and eat quickly. 47 the name indicates, Habitual Diners prefer all things in keeping with a certain routine. Many of their habits are acquired during adolescence 48 young adulthood, such as smoking, drinking or enjoying certain foods. Social Diners easily adapt their habits to the people around them. Eating together is considered as an act of sharing, belonging, friendship or love. Gathering for a meal is part of every celebration. 49 (fortune), by focusing primarily on others, Social have a tendency to forget about 50 and fail to take care of their own needs.
第三部分 写作（共两节，满分 35 分） 第一节 短文改错 （共 10 题；每小题 1 分，满分 10 分）
My soccer coach retired in last week. I wanted to do anything special for him at his retirement party. My mum makes the better biscuits in the world, so I decide to ask her for help. Mum taught me some basic step of baking. I insisted on doing most of the baking myself. I thought the biscuits were really well. My only mistake was that I dropped some on the floor after I was packing them up. At a party, my coach, with a biscuit in his mouth, asked surprisingly who made them and joked, “I might have to retire again next year just get some more of these biscuits.” My favorite picture at the party is of my coach and me enjoy the biscuits with happy laughter! 第二节 书面表达（共 25 分） 假如你是李华，现任你们学校的学生会主席。你将代表学生会起草一份倡议书，号召全校 同学行动起来，为环保运动做出自己的努力。同时下周六学校将组织同学在全市进行环保宣 传活动，征召志愿者到校学生会报名。 注意：(1)短文应该包括以上所提供的主要信息，可适当发挥; (2)词数：120 左右; (3)倡议书格式以提供，不计入总词数; (4)参考词汇：征召(新人) recruit。
一.选择题(1-20 每小题 2 分，21-40 每小题 1.5 分，共 70 分)
1 2 3 4 5 16 17 18 19 20 31 32 33 34 35 ????? ????? ???? ? ????? ?????
6 7 8 9 10 21 22 23 24 25 36 ? 37 38 39 40 ????? ????? ????? ????? ????? ????? ????? ????? ????? ?????
????? ????? ????? ????? ????? 26 27 28 29 30
11 12 13 14 15 ????? ????? ????? ????? ?????
????? ????? ????? ????? ?????
???????? ???????? ???????? ???????? ???????? ????? ????? ????? ????? ?????
二、语法填空（41-50 每小题 1.5 分，共 15 分） 41. 45. 49. 42. 46. 50. 43. 47. 44. 48.
三、短文改错（每小题 1 分，共 10 分）
My soccer coach retired in last week. I wanted to do anything special for him at his retirement party. My mum makes the better biscuits in the world, so I decide to ask her for help. Mum taught me some basic step of baking. I insisted on doing most of the baking myself. I thought the biscuits were really well. My only mistake was that I dropped some on the floor after I was packing them up. At a party, my coach, with a biscuit in his mouth, asked surprisingly who made them and joked, “I might have to retire again next year just get some more of these biscuits.” My favorite picture at the party is of my coach and me enjoy the biscuits with happy laughter!
四、书面表达（共 25 分）
15 May, 2010 Dear brothers and sisters,
阅读理解：1-4 BADB 5-8 DCBD 9-12 ABAC 13-15 ADB 七选五： 16-20 FDBAG 完形填空： 21-25 CBDAB 26-30 BCCCD 31-35 AACDD 36-40 BACBD 语法填空： 41. which 42. eating 43. freshness 44. with 45. is considered 46. the 47. as 48. or 49. Unfortunately 50.themselves 短文改错：
书面表达: 15 May, 2015 Dear brothers and sisters, On behalf of the University Students' union. I, the Chairman of the union , am earnestly calling for your active participation in our environmental protection campaign. It is the duty of every global villager; man just can not keep on his glorious civilization without a rewarding environment, which will be possible only if man makes considerable efforts to protect the environment. Do you cherish precious opportunities to volunteer in our joint efforts in environmental protection? Here is a great one not to be missed by any enthusiastic youth; Right next Saturday, our university is to run a publicity campaign to advocate environmental protection across the city. The University Students' union will be in charge of recruitment of volunteers. Let's join our hands and take action immediately. Yours sincerely, Li Hua