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新东方李超:2017年12月英语六级阅读解析-第二套(新东方版)


英语六级阅读解析 第二套 Section A The pacific island nation of palau has become home to the sixth largest marine world. the new marine reserve, now the largest in the pacific, will--26-- no fishing or mining. Palau also established the world, first shark sanctuary in 2009. The tiny island nation has set aside 500,000 square kilometres-80 percent -of its maritime --27--, Reading Comprehension (40 minutes) for full protection, that's the highest percentage of an--28 --economic zone devoted to remaining 20 percent of the palau seas will be reserved for local fishing by individuals and small-scale-- 29-- fishing businesses with limited exports."island --30--have been among the hardest hit by the threats facing the ocean, "said president.Tommy remengesau jr in a statement. "creating this sanctuary is a bold move that the people of palau recognise as 31 to our survival. we want to lead the way in restoring the health of the occan for future generation Palau has only been an_ 32 nation for twenty years and has a strong history of environmental protection. it is home to one of the world's finest marine ecosystems, with more than 1,300 species of fish and 700 species of coral. Senator hokkons baules lead 33 of the palau national marine sanctuary act, said the sanctuary will help build a- 34 future for the palauan people by honoring the conservation traditions of our past". these include the centuries-old custom of"", where leaders would call a temporary stop to fishing for key species in order to give fish 35 an opportunity to replenish(补充).

解析:英语六级考试阅读第一项是 15 选 10,15 选 10 的题目做题的第一步是将题目中的 15 个单词进 行词性分类,我们按照 5 类来分,名词,动词,形容词,副词,和分词,因为分词做的成分有很多 种,所以我们必须将其单独分成一类,而且分类的内容里面会出现交叉分类,什么意思呢,就是我 们俗称叫做一词多性和一词多意,因为有的单词可能有多种词性和词义,我们也最好分门别类的标 记一下。以下是我对 15 个单词词性和词义的划分和添加。 A)allocate 动词:分配 B) celebrities 名词复数:名人,名声 C)commercial 形容词:商业的 D)communities 名词复数:社区,社会,团体 E)essential 形容词:必需的,基本的;名词:必需品 F)exclusive 形容词:独家的,专有的,唯一的 G)independent 形容词:独立的 H) indulge 动词:纵容,满足 I)permit 动词:使…有可能,准许;名词:许可证 J)secure 动词:保护,获得;形容词:安全的,牢固的 K) solitary 形容词:独立的,孤立的,唯一的

L)spectacle 名词:奇观,壮观的场面 M)sponsor 动词:资助;名词:捐助人 N)stocks 名词:股票 O)territory 名词:领土,地方

名词:celebrities, communities, spectacle, sponsor, stocks, territory, permit 动词:allocate, indulge, permit, secure, sponsor 形容词:commercial, essential, exclusive, independent, solitary, secure The pacific island nation of palau has become home to the sixth largest marine world. the new marine reserve, now the largest in the pacific, will—26(permit)— no fishing or mining. Palau also established the world, first shark sanctuary in 2009. 解析:根据上下文,will 后面填动词原形,所以在动词里面选择,根据语义,新海洋保护区将不准许 钓鱼和采矿,更为合理。

The tiny island nation has set aside 500,000 square kilometres-80 percent -of its maritime —27(territory)—, for full protection, that's the highest percentage of an—28(exclusive)—economic zone devoted to remaining 20 percent of the palau seas will be reserved for local fishing by individuals and small-scale-29(commercial)— fishing businesses with limited exports. 解析:maritime 是形容词,后面必须是名词,所以在名词里面选择,由于前面有 square kilometres, 所以后面语义 27 最好是填写土地 territory 28 这个空前方是 an,后面是经济特区,所以中间必须填写元音字母开头的形容词,devoted 表示专用 于,所以根据语义就是 exclusive 29 前面是形容词,后面是名词,中间应该是形容词,business 是商业所以选择 commerical

"island —30(communities)—have been among the hardest hit by the threats facing the ocean, "said president.Tommy remengesau jr in a statement. 解析:30 后面是动词,前方虽然有一个名词,但是其他词性不能填此空,island 后面只能是名词,而 且是 have been,所以在名词中选择名词复数 communities

"creating this sanctuary is a bold move that the people of palau recognise as 31(essential) to our survival. we want to lead the way in restoring the health of the occan for future generation 解析:as 后面可以填写名词或形容词,这里面名词含义和这里都不匹配,所以形容词只剩下 essential 是可以

Palau has only been an_ 32(independent) nation for twenty years and has a strong history of environmental protection. it is home to one of the world's finest marine ecosystems, with more than 1,300 species of fish and 700 species of coral. 解析:32 前面是 an,后面是名词,然后中间是形容词,而且必须是元音开头,还剩两个,一个独立 的,一个孤立的,后面是名词国家,前面填“独立的”更好。所以选 independent

Senator hokkons baules lead 33(sponsor) of the palau national marine sanctuary act, said the sanctuary will help build a- 34(secure) future for the palauan people by honoring the conservation traditions of our past”. 解析:lead 是形容词,后面 of,前面应该填一个名词,所以这里面填写的是名词,而且是前面人名 的同位语,所以是一个人物名词 sponsor 34 前方是 a,后面是名词,所以填写形容词更好,形容词只剩下一个 secure,稳定的,安全的

these include the centuries-old custom of"", where leaders would call a temporary stop to fishing for key species in order to give fish 35(stocks) an opportunity to replenish(补充). 解析:give N1 N2,所以 35 必须是名词,fish stocks 鱼类的固定搭配,所以选项 stocks

英语六级阅读解析 第二套 Section B Data sharing: an open mind on open date [ A] It is a movement building steady momentum: a call to make research data, software code and

experimental methods publicly available and transparent. a spirit of openness is gaining acceptance in the science community, and is the only way, say advocates, to address a'crisis' incience whereby too few findings are successfully reproduced. furthermore, they say, it is the best way for researchers to gather the range of observations that are necessary to speed up discoveries or to identify large-scale trends. [B] the open-data shift poses a confusing problem for junior researchers. on the one hand,the drive to share is gathering official steam. since 2013, global scientific bodies have begun to back politics that support increased public access to research.on the other hand,scientists disagree about how much and when they should share date,and they debate whether sharing it is more likely to accelerate science and make it more robust, or to introduce vulnerabilities and problems.as more journals and make it more robust,or to introduce vulnerabilities and problems.as more journal and founders adopt data-sharing requirements, and as a growing number of enthusiasts call for more openness, junior researchers must find their place between adopters and those who continue to hold out, even as they strive to launch their own careers. [C] one key challenge facing young scientists is how to be open without becoming scientifically vulnerable. they must determine the risk of jeopardizing a job offer or a collaboration prosal from those who are wary ofor unfamiliar with -open science. and they must learn How to capitalize on the movement's benefits such as opportunities for more citations and a way to build a reputation without the need for conventional metrics, such as publication in high-impact journals. [D] some fields have embraced open data more than others. researchers in psychology, a field rocked by findings of irreproducibility in the past few years, have been especially vocal sup-porters of the drive for more-open science.A few psychology journals have created incentives to increase interest in repair open science. a few psychology journals have created incentives porters of the drive for me lucible science -for example, by affixing an",badge to articles that clearly state where data are available. according to social psychologist brian nose executive director of the center for open science, the average data-sharing rate for the journal Psychological science, which uses the badges, increased tenfold to 38% from 2013 to 2015. [E] founders, too, are increasingly adopting an open-data policy .several strongly ergement,and some require,a date-management plan that makes data available .The us national science foundation is among these, some philanthropic (慈善的) founders, including the bill Gates foundation in Seattle, Washington, and the well come trust in London, alopen data from their grant recipients. [F] but many young researchers, especially those who have not been mentored in open science .are uncertain about whether to share or to stay private.Graduate students and postdoes,who often are working on their lab head's grant may have no choice if their supervisor or another senior opposes sharing. [G] some fear that the potential impact of sharing is too high, especially at the early stages of a career." Everybody has a scary story about someone getting scooped(被抢先),” says new York university astronomer David Hogg. those fears may be a factor in a lingering hesitation to share data even when publishing in journals that mandate it. [H] researchers at small labs or at institutions focused on teaching arguably have the most to lose when sharing hard-won data. ""with my institution and teaching load, i don't have post docs and grad students",

says terry mcglynn, a tropical biologist at California state university,Dominguez hills. "the stakes are higher to share data because it's a bigger fraction of hats happening in my lab. [I] researchers also point to the time sink that is involved in preparing data for others to view.Once the data and associated materials appear in a repository(存储库 ), answering questions and handling complaints can take many hours. [J] the time investment can present other problems. in some cases, says data scientist karthik Ram, it may be difficult for junior researchers to embrace openness when senior colleagues many of whom head selection and promotion teesht ridicule what they may view as misplaced energies. "i've heard this recently -that embracing the idea of open datad code makes traditional academics uncomfortable, "says ram. "the concern seems to be that open advocates don't spend their time being as productive as possible." [K]an open-science stance can also add complexity to a collaboration. kate ratliff, who studies social attitudes at the university of Florida, gaine sville, says that it can seem as if there are two camps in a fieldthose who care about open science and those who don't . " there a new area to navigate-'are you cool with the fact that i'll want to make the data open?'-when talking with somebody about an interesting research idea, "she says. [L]despite complications and concerns, the upsides of sharing can be significant. for example,when information is uploaded to a repository, a digital object identifier(DOI)is assigned. Scientists can use a DOT to publish each step of the research life cycle, not just the final paper. In so doing, they can potentially get three citations- one each for the data and software.in addition to the paper itself. and although some say that citations for software or data have little currency in academia,they can have other benefits. [M] many advocates think that transparent data procedures with a date and time stamp will protect scientists from being scooped. "this is the sweet spot between sharing and getting credit for it. while discouraging plagiarism(剽窃). " says ivo grigorov, a project coordinator at the national institute of aquatic resort Research secreta - in charlottenlund, denmark. hogg says that scooping is less of a problem than many think. "the two cases i'm familiar with didn't involve open data or code, "he says. [N] Open science also offers junior researchers the chance to level the palying field by gaining better access to crucial date. ross mounce, a postdoc studying evolutionary biology at the university of Cambrige ,UK, is a vocal champion of open science, partly because his fossil others' data. he says that more openness in science could help to discourage what some perceive as a common practice of shutting out early-career scientists' requests for data. [O] communication also helps for those who worry about jeopardizing a collaboration, he says,Concerns about open should be discussed at the outset of a study. "whenever you start a project with someone, you have to establish a clear understanding of expectations for who owns the data, at what point they go public and who can do what with them, he says. [P] in the end, sharing data, software and materials with colleagues can help an early -career researcher to gain recognition--a crucial component of success. "the thing you are searching for reputation" says titus brown,a genomics(基因组学) researcher at the university of Califomia, davis,."to get grants and jobs you

have to be relevant and achieve some level of public recognition. anything you do that advances your presence- especially in a larger phere, outside the communities you know- is a net win.”

36. astronomer david hogg doesn't think scooping is as serious a problem as generally thought. [M] many advocates think that transparent data procedures with a date and time stamp will protect scientists from being scooped. "this is the sweet spot between sharing and getting credit for it. while discouraging plagiarism(剽窃). " says ivo grigorov, a project coordinator at the national institute of aquatic resort Research secreta - in charlottenlund, denmark. hogg says that scooping is less of a problem than many think. "the two cases i'm familiar with didn't involve open data or code, "he says. 解析:信息匹配点 astronomer david hogg doesn't think scooping=hogg says that scooping is as serious a problem as generally thought=is less of a problem than many think 37. some researchers are hesitant to make their data public for fear that others might publish something similar before them

[G] some fear that the potential impact of sharing is too high, especially at the early stages of a career." Everybody has a scary story about someone getting scooped(被抢先),” says new York university astronomer David Hogg. those fears may be a factor in a lingering hesitation to share data even when publishing in journals that mandate it. 解析:信息匹配点 some researchers are hesitant to make their data public for fear that=those fears may be a factor in a lingering hesitation to share data even when publishing in journals that mandate it Everybody has a scary story about someone getting scooped(被抢先)=Everybody has a scary story about someone getting scooped(被抢先)

38. some psychology joumals have offered incentives to encourage authors to share their data. [D] some fields have embraced open data more than others. researchers in psychology, a field rocked by findings of irreproducibility in the past few years, have been especially vocal sup-porters of the drive for more-open science.A few psychology journals have created incentives to increase interest in repair open science. a few psychology journals have created incentives porters of the drive for me lucible science -for example, by affixing an",badge to articles that clearly state where data are available. according to social psychologist brian nose executive director of the center for open science, the average data-sharing rate for the journal Psychological science, which uses the badges, increased tenfold to 38% from 2013 to 2015. 解析:信息匹配点 some psychology joumals=A few psychology journals have offered incentives to encourage authors to share their data.=have created incentives to increase interest in repair open science. 39. there is a growing demand in the science community that research data be open to the public.

[A] It is a movement building steady momentum: a call to make research data, software code and experimental methods publicly available and transparent. a spirit of openness is gaining acceptance in the science community, and is the only way, say advocates, to address a'crisis' incience whereby too few findings are successfully reproduced. furthermore, they say, it is the best way for researchers to gather the range of observations that are necessary to speed up discoveries or to identify large-scale trends. 解析:信息匹配点 there is a growing demand in the science community=is gaining acceptance in the science community=a call that research data be open to the public=a spirit of openness+to make research data, software code and experimental methods publicly available and transparent

40. sharing data offers early-career researchers the chance to build a certain level of reputation [P] in the end, sharing data, software and materials with colleagues can help an early -career researcher to gain recognition--a crucial component of success. "the thing you are searching for reputation" says titus brown,a genomics(基因组学) researcher at the university of Califomia, davis,."to get grants and jobs you have to be relevant and achieve some level of public recognition. anything you do that advances your presence- especially in a larger phere, outside the communities you know- is a net win.” 解析:信息匹配点 sharing data=in the end, sharing data, software and materials with colleagues offers early-career researchers the chance to build a certain level of reputation =can help an early -career researcher to gain recognition 41. data sharing enables scientists to publish each step of their research work, thus leading to more citations [L]despite complications and concerns, the upsides of sharing can be significant. for example,when information is uploaded to a repository, a digital object identifier(DOI)is assigned. Scientists can use a DOT to publish each step of the research life cycle, not just the final paper. In so doing, they can potentially get three citations- one each for the data and software.in addition to the paper itself. and although some say that citations for software or data have little currency in academia,they can have other benefits.

解析:信息匹配点 data sharing enables scientists to publish each step of their research work=Scientists can use a DOT to publish each step of the research life cycle, not just the final paper thus leading to more citations=In so doing, they can potentially get three citations

42. scientists hold different opinions about the extent and timing of data sharing [B] the open-data shift poses a confusing problem for junior researchers. on the one hand,the drive to share is gathering official steam. since 2013, global scientific bodies have begun to back politics that support increased public access to research.on the other hand,scientists disagree about how much and when they should share date,and they debate whether sharing it is more likely to accelerate science and make it more robust, or to introduce vulnerabilities and problems.as more journals and make it more robust,or to introduce vulnerabilities and problems.as more journal and founders adopt data-sharing requirements, and as a growing number of enthusiasts call for more openness, junior researchers must find their place between adopters and those who continue to hold out, even as they strive to launch their own careers. 解析:信息匹配点 scientists hold different opinions about=scientists disagree about the extent and timing of data sharing=how much and when they should share date 43. potential problems related to data sharing should be made known to and discussed by all participants at the beginning of a joint research project [O] communication also helps for those who worry about jeopardizing a collaboration, he says,Concerns about open should be discussed at the outset of a study. "whenever you start a project with someone, you have to establish a clear understanding of expectations for who owns the data, at what point they go public and who can do what with them, he says. 解析:信息匹配点 potential problems related to data sharing should be made known to=communication also helps for those who worry about jeopardizing a collaboration=Concerns about open

should be discussed at the outset of a study=discussed by all participants at the beginning of a joint research project

44. sharing data and handling data-related issues can be time-consuming [I] researchers also point to the time sink that is involved in preparing data for others to view.Once the data and associated materials appear in a repository(存储库 ), answering questions and handling complaints can take many hours. 解析:信息匹配点 sharing data and handling data-related issues=Once the data and associated materials appear in a repository(存储库 ), answering questions and handling complaints can take many hours=can be time-consuming 45. junior researehers may have no say when it comes to sharing data. [F] but many young researchers, especially those who have not been mentored in open science .are uncertain about whether to share or to stay private. Graduate students and post does,who often are working on their lab head's grant may have no choice if their supervisor or another senior opposes sharing. 解析:信息匹配点 junior researehers=many young researchers may have no say when it comes to sharing data=are uncertain about whether to share or to stay private+Graduate students and post does may have no choice

英语六级阅读解析 第二套 Section C Passage one Questions 46 to 50 are based on the following passage. In the beginning of the movie, robot, a robot has to decide whom to save after two cars plunge into the waterdel spooner or a child. even though spooner screams"save her save her! "the robot rescues him because it calculates that he has a 45 percent chance of survival compared to sarah's 11 percent. the robot's decision and its calculated approach raise an important question: would humans make the same choice? and which choice would we want our robotic counterparts to make? Isaac asimov evaded the whole notion of morality in devising his three laws of robotics, which hold that 1. robots cannot harm humans or allow humans to come to harm; 2. robots must obey humans, except where the order would conflict with law i; and 3. robots must act in self-preservation, unless doing so conflicts with laws i or 2. these laws are programmed into asimov's robots-they don' t have to think, judge, or value. they don't have to like humans or believe that wrong or bad. they simply don't do it. The robot who rescues spooner s life in / robot follows asimov's zeroth law: robots cannot harm humanity(as opposed to individual humansor allow humanity to come to harm--an expansion of the first law that allows robots to determine what's in the greater good. under the first law,a robot could not harm a dangerous gunman, but under the zeroth law, a robot could kill the gunman to save others. Whether it's possible to program a robot with safeguards such as asimov's laws is debatable a word such as"harm"is vague (what about emotional harm is replacing a human employ harm), and abstract concepts present coding problems. the robots in asimov's fiction expose complications and loopholes in the three laws, and even when the laws work, robots still have to assess situation. Assessing situations can be complicated. a robot has to identify the players, conditions, and possibe outcomes for various scenarios,Its doubtful that a computer program can do that-aleast, not without some undesirable results. a roboticist at the bristol robotics laboratory programmed a robot to save hur oxies(5) called""from danger. when one h-boheaded for danger, the robot successfully pushed it out of the way. but

when two h-bots became percent of the time, unable to decide which to save and letting them both"die. "the experiment highlights the importance of morality without it, how can a robot decide whom to save or what's best for humanity, especially if it can't calculate survival odds?

46. what question does the example in the movie raise? A) whether robots can reach better decisions B) whether robots follow asimov's zero" C)how robots may make bad judgments D) how robots should be programmed. In the beginning of the movie, robot, a robot has to decide whom to save after two cars plunge into the waterdel spooner or a child. even though spooner screams"save her save her! "the robot rescues him because it calculates that he has a 45 percent chance of survival compared to sarah's 11 percent. the robot's decision and its calculated approach raise an important question: would humans make the same choice? and which choice would we want our robotic counterparts to make? 解析:根据题目定位到最后一句,最后一句话内容里显示出的内容告诉我们机器人是本答案的核心 关键中心词,所以这里面我们需要 robots,每个选项都有 robots,然后在看文章是关于机器人能否做 出决定,决定和选择也是同意转换(decisions=choice)

47. what does the author think of asimovs three laws of robotics? A) they are apparently divorced from reality.(无中生有) B)they did not follow the coding system of robotics.(无中生有) C)they laid a solid foundation for robotics.(无中生有) D) they did not take moral issues into consideration. Isaac asimov evaded the whole notion of morality in devising his three laws of robotics, which hold that 1. robots cannot harm humans or allow humans to come to harm; 2. robots must obey humans, except where the order would conflict with law i; and 3. robots must act in self-preservation, unless doing so conflicts with laws i or 2. these laws are programmed into asimov's robots-they don' t have to think, judge, or value. they don't have to like humans or believe that wrong or bad. they simply don't do it. 解析:根据定位到第二段第一句,evade=not take … into consideration,morality=moral issues,本文核 心主旨词是 moral issue,所以必须选择和全文主旨相关的内容

48. what does the author say about asimov's robots? A)they know what is good or bad for human beings.(正反混淆) B)they are programmed not to hurt human beings. C)they perform duties in their owners'best interest.(无中生有) D)they stop working when a moral issue is involved.(无中生有) Isaac asimov evaded the whole notion of morality in devising his three laws of robotics, which hold that 1. robots cannot harm humans or allow humans to come to harm; 2. robots must obey humans, except where the order would conflict with law i; and 3. robots must act in self-preservation, unless doing so conflicts with laws i or 2. these laws are programmed into asimov's robots-they don' t have to think, judge, or value. they don't have to like humans or believe that wrong or bad. they simply don't do it. 解析:根据题干和选项定位到第二段,第二段中间提及的第一则法规对应选项后半部分,选项前半 部分对应后面句子 these laws are programmed into asimov’s robots 信息对应点: they are programmed not to hurt human beings=these laws are programmed into asimov's robots+robots cannot harm humans or allow humans to come to harm 49. what does the author want to say by mentioning the word"harm"in asimov's laws? A)abstract concepts are hard to program. B) it is hard for robots to make decisions C) robots may do harm in certain situations D) asimov's laws use too many vague terms Whether it's possible to program a robot with safeguards such as asimov's laws is debatable a word such as"harm"is vague (what about emotional harm is replacing a human employ harm), and abstract concepts present coding problems. the robots in asimov's fiction expose complications and loopholes in the three laws, and even when the laws work, robots still have to assess situation. 解析:根据 harm 这个词,定位到第一句,本句话体现的含义是关于 harm 这个抽象概念是否可以用 于代码和编程里,program(选项)=program/coding(原文),harm is vague 在原文中的含义类似抽象 abstract,coding(编写代码)=program(编程),所以里面流露出的内容是抽象概念 harm 很难编入代码, D 选项 too 过于绝对,然后 BC 选项没提到代码问题

50. what has the roboticist at the bristol robotics laboratory found in his experiment. A)robots can be made as intelligent as human begings some day B) robots can have moral issues encoded into their program C)robots can have trouble making decisions in complex scenarion. D)robots can be programmed to perceive potential perils. Assessing situations can be complicated. a robot has to identify the players, conditions, and possibe outcomes for various scenarios,Its doubtful that a computer program can do that-aleast, not without some undesirable results. a roboticist at the bristol robotics laboratory programmed a robot to save hur oxies(5) called""from danger. when one h-boheaded for danger, the robot successfully pushed it out of the way. but when two h-bots became percent of the time, unable to decide which to save and letting them both"die. "the experiment highlights the importance of morality without it, how can a robot decide whom to save or what's best for humanity, especially if it can't calculate survival odds? 解析:根据定位到最后一段的其中红色字体部分,然后跨越实验过程部分,直接跳到最后的结论 句,the experiment highlights the importance of morality. 这样得出结论,最后一段的这个实验的主题词 是和 morality 有关

PassageTwo Questions 5i to 55 are based on the following passage. Our world now moves so fast that we seldom stop to see just how fast we seldom stop to see just how far wu have come in just a few year.The latest iPone 6s,for example,has a dual-core professor and fite nicely into your pocket. by comparison, you would expect to find a technological specification like this on your tandard laptop in an office anywhere in the world. its no wonder shat new applications for the internet of things are moving ahcad fast when almost every new decide we buy has a plup on the eng of it or a wireless connection to the internet. Soon, our current smart phone lifestyle will ate our own smart home lifestyle too. All researches agree that close to 25 billion devices,things and sensors will be connected by 2020 which incidentally is also the moment that millennials(千禧一代) are expected to make up of our overall workforce, and the fully connected home . become a reality for large umbers of people worldwide. However this is just the tip of the proverbial iceberg as smart buildings and even cities increasingly become the norm as leaders and business owners begin to wake up to the massive savings that technology can deliver through connected sensors and new forms of automation coupled with ligent energy and facilities managemen. Online security cameras, intelligent lighting and a wealth of sensors that control both temperature and air quality are offering an unprecedented level of control, efficiency, and improvements to hat were once classed necessary costs when running a business or managing a large building. We can expect that the ever-growing list of devices, systems and environments remain connected,always online and talking to each other. the big benefit will not only be in the housing of this enormous and rapidly growing amount of data, but will also be in the ability to run real time data analytics to extract actionable and ongoing knowledge. The biggest and most exciting challenge of this technology is how to creatively leverage this ever-growing amount of data to deliver cost savings, improvements and tangible benefits to both businesses and citizens of these smart cities The good news is that most of this technology is already invented. let's face it, it wasn't too long ago that the idea of working from anywhere and at anytime was some form of a distant utopim(乌托邦式的) dream, and yet now we can perform almost any office-based task from any location in the world as long as we have access to the internet. it's time to wake up to the fact that making smart buildings, cities and homes will dramatically improve our quality of life in the years ahead.

51.What does the example of iphone 6s serve to show? A)the huge capacity of the smart phones people now use B)the widespread use of smart phones all over the world C)the huge impact of new technology on people's everyday life. D)the rapid technological progress in a very short period of time Our world now moves so fast that we seldom stop to see just how fast we seldom stop to see just how far wu have come in just a few year.The latest iPone 6s,for example,has a dual-core professor and fite nicely into your pocket. by comparison, you would expect to find a technological specification like this on your tandard laptop in an office anywhere in the world. 解析:这是一道例证题,所以选项里面尽量不要有例子里面的内容,因为例子要证明的是例子外的 观点,所以 A 和 B 选项就错了,因为里面提及例子的手机的内容。CD 两个选项都是讲观点的,但 是 D 选项和第一段第一句更像,how far we have come in just a few years=the rapid techonogoical progress in a very short period of time 52. what can we expect to see by the year 2020? A)apps for the internet of things B) the popularization of smart homes. C)the emergence of millennials(偷换概念,不是千禧一代的出现,而是占劳工的 75%) D)total globalization of the world All researches agree that close to 25 billion devices,things and sensors will be connected by 2020 which incidentally is also the moment that millennials(千禧一代) are expected to make up of our overall workforce, and the fully connected home . become a reality for large umbers of people worldwide. 解析:根据 2020 年,我们将选项定位到第二段第一句,到了 2020 有两件事,第一是千禧一代占据 劳工的 75%,第二是智能联网家居的出现,BC 两个选项都有对的可能,但是由于 C 偷换概念,所以 选B

53. what will business owners do when they become aware of the benefits of the internet of things? A)employ fewer workers in their operations B)gain automatic control of their businesse C) invest in more smart buildings and cities D)embrace whatever new technology there is However this is just the tip of the proverbial iceberg as smart buildings and even cities increasingly become the norm as leaders and business owners begin to wake up to the massive savings that technology can deliver through connected sensors and new forms of automation coupled with ligent energy and facilities managemen. Online security cameras, intelligent lighting and a wealth of sensors that control both temperature and air quality are offering an unprecedented level of control, efficiency, and improvements to hat were once classed necessary costs when running a business or managing a large building. 解析:根据题干 business owners 和 benefits,我们找到了定位句 business owners 和 massive savings, 所以得到答案句是 that technology can deliver through connected sensors and new forms of automation coupled with ligent energy and facilities management,答案句里讲的内容和自动化科技相关,但也不是 D 所说的任何科技,所以选 B

54. what is the most exciting challenge when we possess more and more data? A) how to turn it to profitable use C)how to link the actionable systems B)how to do real time data analysis D)how to devise new ways to store it. The biggest and most exciting challenge of this technology is how to creatively leverage this ever-growing amount of data to deliver cost savings, improvements and tangible benefits to both businesses and citizens of these smart cities 解析:根据题干 most exciting challenge 的信息,将内容定位到后半句,里面提及了 cost savings, improvements 和 tangible benefits,所以四个选项选唯一有这三点内容之一的是 A(profitable use)

55. what does the author think about working from anywhere and at anytime?

A)it is feasible with a connection to the internet B) it will thrive in smart buildings, cities and homes C) it is still a distant utopian dream for ordinary workers D)it will deliver tangible benefits to both boss and worker The good news is that most of this technology is already invented. let's face it, it wasn't too long ago that the idea of working from anywhere and at anytime was some form of a distant utopim(乌托邦式的) dream, and yet now we can perform almost any office-based task from any location in the world as long as we have access to the internet. 解析:定位到文章倒数第二段的最后一句话,里面写的内容前半句是题干,后半句是答案,答案内 容说我们现在可以执行几乎所有来自任何地方的基于办公室的工作和任务,只要我们联网,所以选 择 A:如果联网(with a connection to the internet),这些任务都可行(it is feasible)


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