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Text A Get the Job You Want

Unit 3 Job Interview

Pre-reading Questions
what preparations we should make before taking part in job interview?

Possible Answer
? ? ? ?

academic qualifications Resume Industrious cooperative, honest

Interview Tips
? ? ? ? ? ?

Do not smoke chew gum Wear suitable interview clothes. Take copies of your CV with you. Arrive on time for your job interview. Any applications handed before the interview

Interview Tips
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Enter into a state of relaxed concentration. Act spontaneous, but be well prepared.

Set goals for the interview. Know the question behind the question Follow up with an effective "thank you" letter

Interview Tips
? ?

Consider the interviewer's agenda Expect to answer the question, "Tell me about yourself."

Watch those nonverbal clues. Be smart about money questions. Don't hang out your dirty laundry.

How to write a Resume
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Warm-up Exercise

What is a resume? A resume is often the first line of contact. It establishes a first impression of a potential job candidate's skills, background and hiring value. If written well, this impression can be a positive one, offering the reader a sense of the candidate's "fit" for the position and company being targeted. If written really well, it may convince the reader that the job candidate is ideally suited for the job. When coupled with an effective cover letter, the resume can be a very strong marketing tool.

Warm-up Exercise
Sample
Personal Information
Name: Date of Birth: Residence: Marital Status: Married/single Home Add: Home Tel: Mobile: Email:

Resume
Language & Dialect
Mandarin: Native language English: Fluently (CET-6)

Computer Applications
Auto CAD, MS-Office, MRPII…

Awards & Scholarship

Resume
Working Experience Period: Company: Job title: Key Responsibilities:

Resume
Personal Highlights:
Academics & Professional Training Institute: Degree: Bachelor of Arts /Science / Engineering Attended Period: Additional Training:

Preview Check
True or False
1.The writer is the owner of Mackay Envelope Corporation, a manufacturing factory. ( T )
2. The answers the author got from the college graduate who wanted a job were all positive. ( F)

3. Today’s graduates will most probably have the same job for the rest of their lives. ( F )
4. The 90-year-old tennis player insisted on playing the backhand court during the match because he wanted to work on his weaknesses. ( T )

5. Once it was decided that to cover a mile in 4 minutes was physically impossible for humans. ( T )
6. Curt Carlson was so happy because they landed at the airport safely at last. ( F)

?

T may move on to Text A by saying:
All our preparations have been done from the interviewee’s point of view, now let’s study Text A to get he interviewer’s perspective. The writer gives four suggestions about job application.

While-reading Tasks
Text Organization
Parts Part I Paragraphs Paras 1-6 Main ideas A recent college graduate failed to answer the questions because of lack of preparation.

While-reading Tasks
Parts Part II Paragraphs Paras 7-27 Main ideas Four pieces of advice on being a successful interviewee.

Part III Paras 28-31 Everyone should make his or her own tracks in whatever he or she does.

Questions and Answers
1. How does the author introduce the topic in Text A? Why? It starts with a personal story, which could be very appealing to readers because personal experiences sound real. They can also narrow the distance between the author and the reader.

Suggestions v.s. Examples

★Suggestions without examples are dry and hard to
understand; suggestions with examples are comparable to bones covered with flesh. It is also a good idea to start an article with an example that is relevant to readers’ life and interests, like the author did in this text.

Suggestions v.s. Examples
Suggestions
1) Prepare to win

Examples
Michael Jordan A 90-year-old tennis player The four-minute mile, the New York Marathon and the Vietnam veteran New York cabdrivers

2) Never stop learning
3) Believe in yourself, even when no one else does 4) Find a way to make a difference

Questions and Answers
How does the author introduce the topic in Text A? Why? There are several ways to introduce a theme: ?Stating the topic directly. ?Posing a question. ?Quoting a famous saying. ?Relating an anecdote or an incident.

Text Analysis
1. Prepare to win. 2. Never stop learning.

a

surprising fact
a question

3. Believe in yourself, even when no one else does. a quotation 4. Find a way to make a difference. a personal opinion

Background Information

?

Michael Jordan (1963- ): American professional



basketball player, considered by many to be the greatest player in basketball history. The 6 ft 6 in (198cm) shooting guard first became known as an explosive individual scorer, but as he matured as a player he adopted a more team-oriented approach to the game. Jordan led the Chicago Bulls to six National Basketball Association (NBA) championships (1991-1993, 1996-1998). His widespread appeal to fans has helped keep basketball one of the world’s most popular spectator sports.

Background Information
?

John Michael Landy (1930- ):

Australian athlete, and the second runner, after England’s Sir Roger Bannister, to break the four-minute mile. He did so in 3 minutes 58 seconds in 1954, two months after Bannister set his mark.

Background Information
?

Sir Roger Bannister (1929-?):
British physician and the first athlete in history to run a mile in less than 4 min. At a meet in Oxford on May 6,1954, Bannister ran the mile in 3 min 59.4 sec, establishing a world record. This was bettered less than two months later by the Australian athlete John Landy, who set a record of 3 min 58 sec. Bannister defeated Landy in a mile race held at Vancouver, Canada, in August 1954.



Background Information

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The New York Marathon:



the largest running event in the U.S., annually attracting 30,000 or more entrants in a race through the five boroughs.

Vocabulary
? ? ?

applicant: n. ~ (for sth.) a person who applies for sth., esp. a post One vacant position availabe may draw dozens of applicants.

? ? ?

- application - applied

Vocabulary
?
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Interview n. 面谈,访问,接见 v. 接见,会谈
① As he had nothing to tell, he refused to give any interviews to the journalists.他由于无可奉告,拒 绝了记者采访。 ② All the applicants were interviewed one by one. 所有的申请者一个接着一个参加面试。

?

?
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a job interview 招聘面试; give/grant an interview to sb. 接见某人 interviewer n. 接见者,面试官; interviewee n. 被接见者,被面谈者

Vocabulary
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? ? ? ? ? ? ?

employment n. 工作,职业,雇用,使用 unemployment He is out of employment.他失业了。 be in employment 有工作, 有职业; be out of employment 解雇, 失业; get/seek/obtain employment 找到工作, 就业; lose employment 失业; the employment of modern machines 现代机械的使用

Vocabulary
?

physical a. 身体的,物理的,物质的 n. 体检
① It's a physical impossibility to be in two places at one time. 同时在两地是自然规律上不可能的事。 ② I‘m not a great believer in taking regular physical exercise.我对经常锻炼身体的好处有点怀疑。

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the physical world 物质世界; physical changes 物理变化 【派生】physically ad. 身体上的,实际地 【近形】physics n. 物理; physicist n. 物理学家

Vocabulary
? ? ? ? ? ? ?

structure n. 结构,构造,建筑物v. 构成,建立,建造 ①Can you analyze the structure of the sentence for me? 你能给我分析一下这个句子的结构吗? ② You need to structure your arguments more carefully. 你需要更为仔细地组织自己的论点。 structural a. 建筑上的,结构上的; structured a. 有结构的,有组织的

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efficient的意思是“效率高的”,effective的意思是“有效果的,起 作用的”。如:The machine is efficient. 这台机器效率高。

Vocabulary
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deadline

n. 最后期限

? ? ?

?

The boss will really give it to you if you miss the deadline for the job. 要是到期完不成工作,老板就要给你点厉害。 Can you meet the deadline? 你能在最后期限之前完成吗? 【近形】deadlock n. 僵局,相持不下

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Vocabulary
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identify vt. 识别, 鉴别, 把...和...看成一样 ① I cannot identify this signature. 我不能够辨别出这个签名。 ② One cannot identify happiness with wealth. 幸福和财富不能混为一谈. identify oneself with 支持; 参与; 与....密切结合; 和 ....打成一片; identify handwriting 辨认笔迹; identify oneself as 自称为

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Vocabulary
? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?

generous a. 慷慨的,宽宏大量的 He is generous with his money. 他花钱大方。 generously ad. 慷慨地,大方地; generosity n. 慷慨 generate v. 产生,发生; genius n.天资,天才; general a. 总体的

Vocabulary
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Sparkle (L.106): vi. ~( with sth): shine brightly with flashes of light Her eyes ~d with excitement in our exclusive interview. Her diamond necklace ~d in the candle-light, which made her even more attractive. -

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Vocabulary
glitter All that glitters is not gold. ? -glimmer a glimmer of light ? -twinkle the twinkling stars in the night sky ? -flash a flash of lightening ? -glow the glow from the stove ? -flicker the flicker of a candle
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Vocabulary
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in sb's hands 在某人掌握中,在某人控制下 All the relevant facts are in my hands. 我掌 握了所有的相关证据。

【辨析】 at hand 手头,在附近; ? by hand 用手,用体力; ? change hands 转手; ? hand down 把...传下去; ? hand in 上交,递交; ? hand in hand 手拉手; ? hand out 分发,散布;

Vocabulary
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lend sb a hand 协助某人; take a hand in 参与,介入; out of hand 无法控制,马上,立刻; have one‘s hands full 忙得腾不出手来; wash one's hand of ...对...不再负责任,洗手 不干 on one hand...on the other hand 一方面...另 一方面;

Vocabulary
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follow up (L.15): 1) take further action on sth; Please follow up your visit to him with frequent calls. 2) investigate sth closely The local government was commanded to follow up the gas explosion.

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Chuckle (L.55): vi. 1) laugh quietly or to oneself n. 2) quiet or partly suppressed laugh Do you chuckle to yourself when reading something amusing? a dry chuckle give a chuckle to oneself The baby chuckled at/over the sight of sweets.

giggle: (at sb or sth) laugh lightly in a nervous or silly way

snicker: utter a partly stifled laugh 暗笑,奸 笑

grin: draw back the lips and bare the teeth 露齿而笑

beam: smile expansively 愉快地笑, 眉开眼笑

snigger: a snicker 暗 笑

Vocabulary
potential: possible, likely, prospective potential customer, potential buyer, potential client, potential employee ? n. She has / shows the potential to become a champion. achieve / fulfill / realize your potential ? potentiality (formal)

Vocabulary
mock interview: mock: (basic meaning) v. make fun of mock the government’s decision meaning here: adj. not real, intended to be very similar to a real situation, substance, etc. mock marble floor; war games with mock battles

Vocabulary
prospective: [used only before noun] prospective employee, prospective buyer, prospective candidate, … ? potential

go after: to try to get sth. I can’t decide whether to go after the job or not.

Vocabulary
make a difference: to have an important effect or influence on something or someone; to improve a situation greatly Exercise can make a big difference to your state of health. Whatever she did, it made no difference. Having a good teaching has made all the difference for Alex (= had an important influence). ? make no difference, not make any difference; make all the difference, make the difference, make a big difference, …

Vocabulary
in the neighborhood of: approximately, about The painting is worth something in the neighbourhood of $3000. ? Is there a good restaurant in the neighborhood (在附近)?

Additional Translation
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. already have They want to sell their house and ____________ a prospective buyer (而且已经有一位可能的买房人) (不管他怎么努力)____________________, the How much he endeavored goal stayed unattained. we can finish this before the deadline I hope ___________________________ (我们能 在规定日期前完成它) As the saying goes (常言道)_______________”there is no smoke without fire”. it will make a difference I do not think _________________ (那没有什么两 样)


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