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2013高考英语考点


2013 高考英语语法单选超级归纳
一、冠词

冠词分为不定冠词(a, an) ,定冠词(the) ,和零冠词。 I. 不定冠词的用法 1 2 3 4 指一类人或事,相当于 a kind of 第一次提及某人某物,非特指 表示“每一”相当于 every,one 表示“相同”相当于 the same A plane is a machine that can fly. A boy is waiting for you.有个男孩在等你。 We study eight hours a day. We are nearly of an age. — Hello, could I speak to Mr. Smith? 用于人名前,表示不认识此人或与某名人有类似性质的人或 5 事 —Sorry, wrong number. There isn't______ Mr. Smith here. A. 不填 B. a C. the D. one

That boy is rather a Lei Feng.(活雷锋) 6 7 8 用于固定词组中 用于 quite, rather, many, half, what, such 之后 用于 so(as, too, how)+形容词之后 a couple of, a bit, once upon a time, in a hurry, have a walk, many a time This room is rather a big one. She is as clever a girl as you can wish to meet. success(抽象名词)→a success(具体化) 成功的人或事 a failure 失败的人或事 a shame 带来耻辱的人或事 a pity 可惜或遗憾的事 a must 必需必备的事 a good knowledge of 精通掌握某一方面的知识

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用于抽象名词具体化的名词前

II. 定冠词的用法 In many places in China, ___ bicycle is still ___ popular means of 1 表示某一类人或物 transportation. A. a; the 2 3 4 5 用于世上独一无二的事物名词前 表示说话双方都了解的或上文提到过的人或事 用于演奏乐器 用于形容词和分词前表示一类人 B. /; a C. the; a D. the; the

the universe, the moon, the Pacific Ocean Would you mind opening the door? play the violin, play the guitar the reach, the living, the wounded —Could you tell me the way to ____ Johnsons, please?

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表示“一家人”或“夫妇” (对比上文的不定冠词用法 5)

—Sorry, we don?t have ____ Johnson here in the village. A. the; the B. the; a C. /; the D. the; /

7 8 9 10 11 12

用于序数词和形容词副词比较级最高级前 用于国家党派等以及江河湖海,山川群岛的名词前 用于表示发明物的单数名词前 在逢十的复数数词之前,指世纪的某个年代 用于表示度量单位的名词前 用于方位名词,身体部位名词

He is the taller of the two children. the United States, the Communist Party of China, the French The compass was invented in China. in the 1990?s(二十世纪九十年代) I hired the car by the hour. He patted me on the shoulder.

III. 不用冠词(又名零冠词)的用法 1 2 3 4 5 专有名词,物质名词,抽象名词,人名地名等名词前 名词前有 this, my, whose, some, no, each, every 等限制 季节,月份,星期,节假日,一日三餐前 表示职位,身份,头衔的名词前 表示球类,棋类等运动的名词前 Beijing University, Jack, China, love, air I want this book, not that one. / Whose purse is this? March, Sunday, National Day, spring Lincoln was made President of America. He likes playing football/chess. We went right round to the west coast by ______ sea instead of driving 6 与 by 连用表示交通方式的名词前 across ______ continent. A. the; the 7 以 and 连接的两个相对的名词并用时 B.不填;the C. the; 不填 D. 不填;不填

husband and wife, knife and fork, day and night
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表示泛指的复数名词前

Horses are useful animals. 二、名词和主谓一致 普通名词 可数名词 个体名词 集体名词 抽象名词 特别注意名词类别的相互转换 个体名词与抽象名词的相互转换 不可数名词 物质名词

I. 名词的种类 专有名词 国名地名人名,团体机构名称









名词性质 个体名词 抽象名词 抽象名词 个体名词 抽象名词 个体名词

①She held some flowers in her hand. ②The trees are now in flower ①Youth is beautiful. ②He is a youth of twenty ①They have achieved remarkable success in their work. ②—How about the Christmas evening party? —I should say it was a success. 例 ①Iron is a kind of metal. ②Please lend me your iron. ①He broke a piece of glass. ②He broke a glass. ①I bought a chicken this morning ②Please help yourself to some chicken 句

花儿 开花 青春 年轻人 成功 成功的事

物质名词与个体名词的相互转换 意 铁 熨斗 玻璃 玻璃杯 小鸡 鸡肉 抽象名词与个体名词的转换 ①—I?d like______information about the management of your hotel,please. —Well, you could have____word with the manager. He might be helpful A.some,a B.an,some C.some,some D.an,a ②They sent us word of the latest happenings. 消息 (抽象名词) A.a B.an C./ D.the ③Could we have word before you go to the meeting? 话(个体名词) A.a B.an C./ D.the 类例:have a dream/a rest/a smoke/a swim/a trip/a wash/a discussion/a look take a walk/a bath make an advance(进步)/make an early start(早点出发) /make a decision/make a change/give a cry of pain(发出痛苦的叫声) /give a try ①Many people agree that___knowledge of English is a must in____international trade today. A.a, / B.the, an C.the, the D. /, the a knowledge of truth(知道实际情况) give a fuller knowledge of China(提供关于中国更为翔实的知识) have a knowledge of shorthand(有速记的知识) ②If there were no examination, we should have______at school. A.the happiest time B.a more happier time C.much happiest time D.a much happier time ③ is money. A.The time B.A time C.Time D.Times ①Oh, John. _____you gave me! A.How a pleasant surprise B.How pleasant surprise C.What a pleasant surprise D. What pleasant surprise ②She looked up when I shouted. A.in a surprise B.in the surprise C.in surprise D.in some surprise 其它例子:The gift came as a complete surprise to me. We have had some unpleasant surprise ③It is_____work of art that everyone wants to have a look at it. A.so unusual B. such unusual C.such an unusual D.so an unusual 义 名词性质 物质名词 个体名词 物质名词 个体名词 个体名词 物质名词

具有动作意义的抽象名词加用 与某些动词(如:have 等)连 用,表示某一次短暂的动作

表示知识和时间的抽象名词转 换为普通名词时可以用来表示 其中的一部分

抽象名词转换为普通名词可用 来表示“一次、一阵、一种” 具体的行为、事件、现象或结 果。这时名词前往往有形容词 修饰

II. 名词的数 规则名词的复数形式:名词的复数形式,一般在单数形式后面加-s 或-es(参看有关语法书) 。英语里有些名词的复数形式是不规则的,请 看下表 规 1 2 3 单复数相同 只有复数形式 则 例 词 改变名词中的元音字母或其他形式 man-men, woman-women, foot-feet, goose-geese, mouse-mice sheep, deer, series, means, works, fish, species ashes, trousers, clothes, thanks, goods, glasses, compasses, contents
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4 5

一些集体名词总是用作复数 部分集体名词既可以作单数 (整体) 也可以作复数 (成 员) 复数形式表示特别含义 加-s

people, police, cattle, staff audience, class, family, crowd, couple, group, committee, government, population, crew, team, public, enemy, party customs(海关), forces(军队), times(时代), spirits(情绪), drinks(饮料), sands(沙滩), papers(文件报纸), manners(礼貌), looks(外表), brains(头脑 智力), greens(青菜), ruins(废墟) Americans, Australians, Germans, Greeks, Swedes, Europeans Swiss, Portuguese, Chinese, Japanese Englishmen, Frenchwomen sons-in-law, lookers-on, passers-by, story-tellers, boy friends grown-ups, housewives, stopwatches women singers, men servants 况 举 例

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表示 “某国人”

单复数同形 以 -man 或 -woman 结 尾 的 改 为 -men,-women 将主体名词变为复数 无主体名词时将最后一部分变为复数 将两部分变为复数

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合成名词

III. 主谓一致 规则 情 His father is working on the farm. To study English well is not easy. Reading in the sun is bad for your eyes. What he said is very important for us all. 由 what 引导的主语从句, 后面的谓语动词多数情况用单数形式, 但若表语是复数或 what 从句是一个带有复数意义的并列结构 时,主句的谓语动词用复数形式。 what I bought were three English books. What I say and do is (are) helpful for you. Lucy and Lily are twins 语 由连接词 and 或 both?and 连接起来的主语后面,要用复数 形式的谓语动词。但若所连接的两个词是指同一个人或物 时,它后面的谓语就用单数形式。由 and 连接的并列单数 主 语 前 如 果 分 别 有 no, each, every 或 more than a (an)/one,many a (an) 修饰时,其谓语动词要用单数形式。 either, neither, each, every 或 no+单数名词和由 some, any no, every 构成的复合不定代词,都作单数看待。. The writer and artist has come. Every student and every teach is in the classroom. Many a boy and many a girl likes it. No boy and no girl likes it. Each of us has a new book. Is everyone here today? Somebody is speaking in class. Everything around us is matter 若 none of 后面的名词是不可数名词,它的谓语动词就要用单 数。若它后面的名词是复数,它的谓语动词用单数或复数都可 以。 None of the sugar was left. None of us has (have) been to America. Those who want to go please write their names on the blackboard. He is one of my friends who are working hard. He is the (only) one of my friends who is working hard. It is I who am going to the cinema tonight. It is we who are going to the cinema tonight.

以单数名词或代词动词不定式短语, 动名词短语或从句作主 语时,谓语动词一般用单数形式;主语为复数时,谓语动词 用复数形式。







在定语从句里,关系代词 that, who, which 等作主语时,其 谓语动词的数应与句中先行词的数一致。 在强调句型中应与被强调部分一致





The police are looking for the lost child. The cattle are eating grass in the field. 如果集体名词指的是整个集体,它的谓语动词用单数形式; His family has moved to the south .(他的一家) 如果它指的集体的成员,其谓语动词用复数形式 His family are watching TV.(他的家人) Class four is on the third floor.(四班) Class Four are unable to agree upon a monitor.(四班的学生) There are a lot of people in the classroom. Three-fourths of the surface of the earth is sea. 50 percent of the students in our class are girls. 此外,还有 a number of +复数名词有类似的用法(用复数) ,但 the number of +复数名词的数就得依 number 而定(用单数) 。 A number of students have gone to the farm to help the farmer pick apples. The number of pages in this book is three hundred. There comes the bus. On the wall are many pictures. Such is the result. Such are the facts. Between the two hills stands a monument.

由 a lot of /lots of/ plenty of/ a heap of/ heaps of/ the rest of/the majority of+名词构成的短语以及由分数或百分数+名词构 成的短语作主语时, 其谓语动词的数要根据短语中后面名词 的数而定。

在倒装句中,谓语动词的数应与其后的主语一致

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What, who, which, any, more, all 等代词可以是单数, 也可是 复数, 主要靠意思来决定。 逻 辑 意 义 一 致 原 则 表示时间重量长度价值等的名词的复数作主语时, 谓语动词 通常用单数形式, 这是由于作主语的名词在概念上是一个整 体。 若英语是书名名格言剧名报名国名等的复数形式, 其谓语动 词通常用单数形式。 表数量的短语“one and a half”后面接复数名词作主语时, 其谓语动词要用单数形式。

Which is your bag? Are any of you good at English? All can be done has been done. All have been taken out.

Which are your bags? Has any of you got a pen? All is going well. All have gone to Beijing.

Thirty minutes is enough for the work.. Twenty pounds is too dear. 如强调这类词的复数意义,则谓语动词要用复数形式 Forty kilos of water are used every day. The United States is smaller than China. “The Arabian Nights” is an interesting story-book. One and a half apples is left on the table.

一 些 学 科 名 词 是 以 -ics 结 尾 , 如 : mathematics, politics, physics 以及 news, works 等。 都属于形式上是复数的名词, The paper works was built in 1990.这家造纸厂建于 1990 年。 I don?t think physics is easy to study. 实际意义为单数名词, 它们作主语时,其谓语动词要用单数形式。 trousers, glasses, clothes, shoes, scissors (剪刀)等词作主语 时, 谓语用复数, 但如果这些名词前有 a(the) pair of 等量词 修饰时(clothes 被 a suit of 修饰)谓语动词用单数。 “定冠词 the+形容词或分词” 表示某一类人动词用复数; , 若 表示某一类东西时,动词用单数。 My glasses are broken. The pair of shoes under the bed is his. The old are taken good care of there. The beautiful gives pleasure to all.

就 近 /远 一 致 原 则

Either the teacher or the students are our friends. 当两个主语由 either or, neither nor, not only but also ,whether Neither he nor they are wholly right. or 连接时,谓语动词和邻近的主语保持一致,即就近一致。 Neither they nor he is wholly right. Is neither he nor they wholly right? there be 句型中 be 动词的单复数取决于其后的主语。如果 其后是由 and 连接的两个主语,则应与靠近的那个主语保 持一致,即就近一致。 主语后面跟有 with, together with, except, but, like, as well as, no less than, rather than, more than, besides, along with, including, in addition to 等引起的短语, 谓语动词要跟主语 一致,即就远一致。 There are two chairs and a desk in the room. There is a desk and two chairs in the room. Mr. Green, together with his wife and children, has come to China. A woman with a baby was on the bus. Nobody but Jim and Mike was on the playground. She, like you and Tom, is very tall. The girls as well as the boy have learned to speak Japanese. No one except my teachers knows anything about it.

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三、代词 I. 代词可以分为以下八大类 主格 1 人称代词 宾格 形容词性物主代词 名词性物主代词 2 3 4 5 6 7 类 别 反身代词 指示代词 疑问代词 关系代词/连接代词 不定代词 相互代词 区 别 I, you, he, she, it, we, you, they me, you, him, her, it, us, you, them my, your, his, her, its, our, their mine, yours, his, hers, its, ours, theirs myself, yourself, himself, herself, itself, ourselves, yourselves, themselves this, that, these, those, such, some who, whom, whose, which, what, whoever, whichever, whatever that, which, who, whom, whose, as one/ some/ any, each/ every, none/ no, many/ much, few/ little/ a few/ a little other/ another, all/ both, neither/ either each other,one another 例 句

II. 不定代词用法注意点 ①We?ve been looking at the houses but haven?t found ___ we like yet. A.one B.ones C.it D.them ②Cars do cause us some health problems — in fact far more serious _______ than mobile phones do. A.one B.ones C.it D.those —Your coffee smells great! A.it B.some —It?s from Mexico.Would you like ________? C.this D.1ittle

one 可以泛指人或者事(东西) ,其复 数为 ones

some 可用于疑问句中,表示盼望得 到肯定的答复,或者表示建议,请求 等 some 和 any 修饰可数名词单数时, some 表示某个,any 表示任何一个 one 指同类中的一个,it 指代同一种 类的东西。此外 it 还可以作形式主 语、形式宾语和用于强调句型中。

one, some, any 和 it

①I have read this article in some magazine. Please correct the mistakes, if any. ②—Which of the three ways shall I take to the village? —________way as you please. A.Each B.Every C.Any D.Either —There is still a copy of the book in the library. Will you go and borrow —No, I?d rather buy in the bookstore. A.it;one B.one;one C.one;it D.it;it ?

some 多用于肯定句, 多用于疑问 any 句和否定句

①There?s ________cooking oil in the house. Would you go to the corner store and get ________. A.1ittle,some B.1ittle,any C.a little,some D.a little,any ②We had three sets of garden tools and we seemed to have no use for ________. A.none B.either C.any D.each ③He doesn?t have _________ furniture in his room --just an old desk. A. any B. many C. some D. much ①Each student has a pocket dictionary. Each (of us) has a dictionary. = We each have a dictionary. ②Every student has strong and weak points. / Every one of us has strong and weak points. ①There is no water in the bottle. ②How much water is there in the bottle? None. ③None of the students are (is) afraid of difficulties.

each 和 every

each 强调个别, 代表的数可以是两个 或两个以上,而 every 强调整体,所 指的数必须是三个或三个以上 no 等于 not any,作定语。none 作主 语或宾语,代替不可数名词,谓语用 单数,代替可数名词,谓语单复数皆 可以 other 泛指“另外的,别的”常与其他 词连用,如:the other day, every other week, someother reason, no other way, the other 特指两者中的另外一个,复 数为 the others

none 和 no

①Both sides have accused of breaking the contract. A. another B. the other C. neither D. each ②Two students in our class failed, but all the others passed the exam.

other 和 another

①We had a picnic last term and it was a lot of fun,so let?s have ______ one this another 指 “又一个, 另一个” 无所指, month. 复数形式是 others,泛指“别的人或 A.the other B.some C.another D.other 事” ②The trousers are too long, please give me another pair / some others. ③Some like football, while others like basketball. ①—Do you want tea or coffee? — ______, I really don't mind. A. none B. neither C. either D. all ②It was hard for him to learn English in a family, in which _____ of the parents spoke the language. A. none B. neither C. both D. each
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either 和 neither

前者意思为:两者都(两者中任何一 方都) ;后者意思为:两者都

四、形容词和副词

I. 形容词 1.形容词的位置:形容词作定语通常前置,但在下列情况下后置 1 2 3 4 5 6 修饰 some, any, every, no 和 body, thing, one 等构成的复合不定代词时 以-able, -ible 结尾的形容词可置于有最高级或 only 修饰的名词之后 alive, alike, awake, aware, asleep 等作定语时后置 和空间、时间、单位连用时 成对的形容词可以后置 形容词短语一般后置 enough 修饰名词时可以前置也可以后置,但修饰形容词或副词时要 后置 nobody absent, everything possible the best book available, the only solution possible the only person awake a bridge 50 meters long a huge room simple and beautiful a man difficult to get on with ______to take his adventure course will certainly learn a lot of useful skills.(NMET2000) A.Brave enough students B.Enough breave students C.Students brave enough D.Students enough brave

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注意:多个形容词修饰同一个名词的顺序 熟记口诀就可以顺利解题:限定描绘大长高,形状年龄和新老,颜色国籍跟材料,作用类别往后靠。 规则:限定语(The、A)+ 描绘性形容词 + size(小)+ shape(形状)+ age(年龄、时间)+ color(颜色)+ origin(国籍、来源) + material(材料)+ purpose(目的)+ 名词。 ▲This ________ girl is Linda?s cousin. (05 北京卷) A. pretty little Spanish B. Spanish little pretty C. Spanish pretty little D. little pretty Spanish 2.复合形容词的构成 1 2 3 4 5 形容词+名词+ed 形容词+形容词 形容词+现在分词 副词+现在分词 副词+过去分词 kind-hearted dark-blue ordinary-looking hard-working newly-built 6 7 8 9 10 名词+形容词 名词+现在分词 名词+过去分词 数词+名词+ed 数词+名词 world-famous peace-loving snow-covered three-egged twenty-year

3.形容词(短语)作伴随状语 As he looked at the goat, it rolled over, dead. 当他看着山羊的时候,山羊翻了个身,死了。 Afraid of difficulties, they prefer to take the easy road.由于害怕困难,他们宁愿走好走的路。 II.副词的分类: 1 2 3 4 时间副词 地点副词 方式副词 程度副词 soon, now, early, finally, once, recently here, nearby, outside, upwards, above hard, well, fast, slowly, excitedly, really almost, nearly, very, fairly, quite, rather 5 6 7 8 频度副词 疑问副词 连接副词 关系副词 always, often, frequently, seldom, never how, where, when, why how, when, meanwhile where, why, whether, however,

when, where, why

III. 形容词和副词的比较等级 形容词和副词的比较等级分为原级,比较级和最高级。比较级和最高级的构成一般是在形容词和副词后加-er 和-est,多音节和一些双音节 词前加 more 和 most。 项 目 例 She is as tall as her mother. I am not as/ so good a player as you are. This picture is more beautiful than that one. I have never seen such a more interesting film (than this one). 句

同级比较时常常用 as…as…以及 not so(as)…as… 双方比较, 表示一方超过另一方时, “比较级 (+ than) 用 ” 的结构表示。要注意题干中将比较的另一方阴藏起来的 情况。

表示一方不及另一方时,用“less + 原级 + than”的结构 This room is less beautiful than that one. 表示 表示一方随另一方变化时用“the more…the more…”句型 The harder you work, the more progress you will make I have never spent a more worrying day. 用比较级来表达最高级的意思 我从来没有度过这样令人烦恼的一天。 (意为:我度过了最为令人烦恼的一天。 ) 表达法一:A is three(four, etc.)times the size(height, length etc.)of B. The new building is four times the size(the height)of the old one. 这座新楼是那座旧楼的四倍大(高)/这座新楼比那座旧楼大(高)三倍。 表达法二:A is three(four, etc.)times as big(high, long, etc.)as B. Asia is four times as large as Europe. 倍数的表达 亚洲是欧洲的四倍大/亚洲比欧洲大三倍。 表达法三:A is three (four, etc.)times bigger(higher, longer, etc.)than B. Your school is three times bigger than ours. 你们的学校比我们的学校大三倍。 用 times 表倍数通常用于三倍以上,两倍可以用 twice 或 double. 注意:1. 可以修饰比较级的词有:much, many, a lot, even, far, a bit, a little, still, yet, by far, any, a great deal; 2. 表示“最高程度“的形容词没有最高级和比较级。如:favourite, excellent, extreme, perfect,superior,junior 等。
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五、动词和短语动词 知识网络 行为动词(实义动词) ①及物动词(带宾语) :study, develop; ②不及物动词(不带宾语)work, swim, go, come ③状态动词(相对静止)contain, exist, own, prefer, belong ④动作动词:延续性(work, stay) ;非延续性(marry, go, come) 连系动词(汉语中没有这种词类) 助动词(与动词原形或分词构成复合谓语) be(am,is,are),do(does,did);have(has);will,would,shall 情态动词 can(could),may(might),must,shall(should) 动词+副词所构成的短语动词分及物的和不及物的两类 Please turn every light in the house off. 请把房子里的每一盏灯都关掉。 (及物) Harry turned up after the party when everyone had left. 晚会后,人们都已离去,哈里出现了。 (不及物) 注意: ① 如果宾语较长,就应避免把副词同动词分开 She turned off all the lights which had been left on. 她关掉了所有还在亮着的灯。 ② 如果宾语是人称代词,只能放在动词和副词之间 She gave them away.她送掉了它们。 ③同一动词和不同副词搭配时,意义上有很大的差异 ring back 回电话 ring off 挂断电话 ring up 打电话 put away 放好 put on 穿,上演 put up 挂起,举起。 ④不同动词和同一副词搭配时,在意义上有很大的差异 break out 发生,爆炸 carry out 进行,开展 go out 熄灭 hand out 分发 let out 放出 look out 当心 sell out 卖完 set out 出发, take out 取出 work out 算出 动词+介词(及物) I'm looking for my glasses. 我在找我的眼镜。 注意:① 当它跟宾语时,不能把介词放在宾语后面。 ② 同一动词和不同介词搭配时,意义上有很大的差异。 look after 照料,look at 看,look for 寻找 动词+副词+介词 I look forward to seeing you soon. 我盼望不久就见到你。 注:“动词+介词”、“动词+名词+副词”、“动词+副词+介词”,这三种搭配都是及物的,如 变成被动语态,不可漏掉介词。In this way both grain and vegetable can be well looked after. (不能漏掉 after) 这样一来,粮食和蔬菜都能兼顾了。 考点聚焦及解题点拨 (单个动词)同义词近义词辨析 从三个方面考虑:词的恰切含义、搭配(与介词、名词或非谓语动词的搭配)和用法(是 及物动词还是不及物动词) 状态系动词 be 持续系动词 keep,remain,stay,continue,lie,stand,rest 表象系动词 seem,appear 感官/感觉系动词 look,smell,taste,sound,feel 变化系动词 become,grow,get,turn,fall,go,come 终止系动词 prove,turn out 解答这类试题的关键首先是弄清题意,然后是分析句子结构,由此可判断出该动词是否 用作系动词,最后确定所要填入的答案。特别关注:go hungry,come true,turn writer 接双宾语的动词 短语动词的辨析 容易被我们忽视的知识点 give sb. sth=give sth.to sb 但是我们只能说:suggest sth. to sb. 熟记常考的短语动词的意义 sell, write, wash, wear 等词的主动形式后跟副词表示被动意义 happen, occur,take place, break out, come out, belong to 等无被动形式 buy sb. sth.=buy sth. for sb explain sth.to sb. read sth. to sb.

动词的分类

短语动词常见的构成方式及其注意点

系动词的用法

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六、动词的时态和语态 1. 常用常考的动词时态和用法: (以 do 为例) 名称 构成 用法 1.一般现在时表示经常发生、习惯性动作、客观真理、科学 事实、格言,目前的特征、状态、能力等。 2.主句是一般将来时,时间、 条件状语从句中用一般现在时表 示将来。 I?ll go there after I finish my work. If it rains tomorrow,I won?t go there. 3.在以 here,there 开头的句子里, go,come 等少数动词的一般 在时表示正在发生的动作。 There goes the bell.铃响了。 There comes the bus.汽车来了。 Here she comes.她来了。 表达特定的过去时间内发生的动作或存在的状况, 或过去某 一时间内经常发生或反复发生的动作或行为。 1.表示正在进行的动作。 2.表示按计划安排即将发生的动作。 She is leaving for Beijing.她要去北京。 He is working as a teacher tomorrow. 从明天起他要做老师。 My father is coming to see me this Saturday. 这个星期六我爸爸要来看我。 3.代替一般现在时,描绘更加生动。 The Changjiang River is flowing into the east. 长江江水滚滚向东流。 The sun is rising in the east.太阳从东方冉冉升起。 1.表示过去某一时刻或某一段时间内正在进行的动作 (这一 过去时间须用时间状语表示) He was preparing his lecture all day yesterday. 2.表示动作在另一过去动作发生时进行 They were still working when I left. 3.用在两个过去进行时动作同时发生 I was writing while he was watching TV. 4.表示过去将来动作 He said she was arriving the next day. 1.表示过去发生的动作对现在产生的影响或结果, 说话时已 完成的动作。 I have finished the report./ She has cleand the room. 2.表示从过去开始,待续到现在的动作或状态,往往 和“for...”, “since...”表述的一段时间状语连用。 He has learned English for six years. They have worked here since they left college. 3.表示“曾经到过某地(人已回来)”用“have/has been to”,表 示“到某地去了(还未回来)”用“have/has gone to”。 —Where is Li Hua? -He has gone to the reading-room. —She knows a lot about Shanghai. -She has been there. 4.短暂动词(即瞬间动词) , join,lose,buy,borrow,leave,go,come,arrive,die,marry, finish,complete,begin,start,break out 等,在完成时态 中,其肯定式不能和表示一段时间的状语连用。不能说: He has joined the army for three years. 要翻译“他已参军已经三年了。”可采用 ①“ago 法” He joined the army three years ago. ②“延续法” He has been in the army for three years. ③“since 法” It is/has been three years since he joined the army.
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一般现在时

do/does,( 连系动词 is/am/are )

一般过去时

did,( 连系动词 was/were)

现在进行时

is/am/are doing

过去进行时

was/were doing

现在完成时

has/have done

过去完成时

had done

1.表示在过去某一时间以前已经完成的动作。 He had shut the door before the dog came up. Everything had been all right up till this morning. 2.表示动作或状态从过去某个时刻开始一直延续到 另一个过去时刻才完成,甚至还要继续下去。 At the age of ten,he had learned 500 English words. He had been ill for a week when we learned about it. 3.常用 hope,expect,think,intend,want,suppose 等动词的 过去完成时来表示未实现的希望、打算或意图。 We had expected that you would be able to win the match. 用来表示在将来某个时刻(前)将完成的动作。常和 by 短 语,when,before 引起的时间状语连用。 We will have finished senior Book 2 by the end of this term. 用来表示从过去某一时刻开始一直持续到现在 (还要继续下 去) 的动作。 has been doing the maths problems since 8:00. He 表示动作或状态从过去某个时刻开始一直延续到另一个过 去时刻才完成,还将继续下去。 一般将来时表示将来要发生的动作和存在的状况 (详见下面 2.一般将来时的特殊表达方式的比较) 1.相对于过去某一时刻而言即将发生的动作或存在的状态 He told me he would go to Beijing.他告诉我他将去北京。 I was told that he was going to return home. 有人告诉我他准备回家。 2. would do(表示过去的习惯)总是,总会,常常 He would sit silent for hours. 他常常接连好几个小时默默地坐着。 例 句

将来完成时

will/shall have done

现在完成进行时 过去完成进行时

has/have been doing had been doing will/shall do is/am/are going to do is/am/are(about)to do

一般将来时

过去将来时

would/should do was/were going to do was/were(about)to do

2.一般将来时的特殊表达方式的比较 将来时 1 2 3 4 be + doing 进行时表将来 be about to + 动词原形 be to + 动词原形 一般现在时表将来 用 法 go, come, start, move, leave, arrive 等词可用进行时表示按计 划即将发生的动作 表示安排或计划中的马上就要发生的动作, 后面一般不跟时 间状语 表示按计划进行或征求对方意见 时刻表上或日程安排上早就定好的事情, 可用一般现在时表 示将来 区 别 He is moving to the south. Are they leaving for Europe? I was about to leave when the bell rang. The meeting is about to close. We?re to meet at the school gate at noon. The meeting starts at five o?clock. The plane leaves at ten this evening. 例 句

3.容易混淆的时态比较 项 目 We haven?t heard from Jane for a long time. What do you suppose _______ to her? A. was happening B. happens C. has happened D. happened 说明:说话者强调 Jane 目前的状况. Mr. Lee, who ________ as a carpenter for over 10 years, is now a very famous statesman in this country. A. has worked B. had worked C. worked D. works (只说明他过去当过木匠不涉及到现在) Hello, I ____ you were in London. How long _________ here? A. don?t know; were you B. hadn?t known; are you C. haven?t known; are D. didn?t know; have you been 说明:didn?t know 强调见面前不知道 I read the novel last month. (只说明上个月看了,不涉及现在是否记住) I have read that book.我读过那本书了。 (知道那本书的内容)

现在完成时强调过去动 作对现在产生的影响或 造成的结果 一般过去时与现在完成时的比较

一般过去时只表达过去 的动作或状态

着重表示动作的结果 时,用现在完成时 现在完成时与现在完成进行时的 比较

—Hi, Tracy, you look tired. 着重表示动作一直在进 —I am tired. I _______ the living room all day. B. had painted 行, 即动作的延续性时, A. painted C. have been painting D. have painted 则用现在完成进行时 说明:强调动作从过去到现在的延续

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现在进行时表示现在某 个时候或某段时间正在 进行的动作 现在进行时与过去进行时的比较 过去进行时表示某个时 候或某段时间正在进行 的动作

一般过去时只表达过去 的动作或状态 一般过去时与过去进行时的比较 过去进行时表示某个时 候或某段时间正在进行 的动作

I don?t really work here. I ____ until the new secretary _______. A. just help out; comes B. have just helped out; will come C. am just helping out; comes D. will just help out; has come 说明:指目前一段时间正在发生的动作, until 引导的是时间状语从句, 动词需用一般现在时。 — Hey, look where you are going! — Oh, I?m terribly sorry. _______. A. I?m not noticing. B. I wasn?t noticing. C. I haven?t noticed. D. I don?t notice. 说明:对话的后者显然是在解释刚才不小心冒犯对方时正在做的事情. Tom________ into the house when no one ___________. A. slipped; was noticing B. had slipped; noticed C. slipped; had noticed D. was slipping; noticed 说明: 和 notice 为同时发生的动作, slip 因此 B、 为错误选项, C slipped 指过去有结果的动作(他溜进去了) ,when no one was noticing 指他溜 进去的一刹那发生的情况(没有人注意) 。 .He ______ a book about China last year, but I don?t know if he ______ it. A.wrote; has finished B. was writing; has finished C. was writing; had finished D. wrote; will finish 说明:正确选项为 B. 从 I don?t know if he has finished it.推断,他去年 一直在写。

II. 动词的被动语态 常用被动语态 构 成 常用被动语态 构 成 1 一般现在时 am/is/are done 6 过去进行时 was/were being done 2 一般过去时 was/were done 7 现在完成时 have/has been done 3 一般将来时 shall/will be done 8 过去完成时 had been done 4 过去将来时 should/would be done 9 将来完成时 will/would have been done 5 现在进行时 am/is/are being done 10 含有情态动词的 can/must/may be done 被动语态的否定式是在第一个助动词或情态动词后加 not,短语动词的被动态不可漏掉其中介副词。固定结构 be going to, used to,have to, had better 变为被动态时,只需将其后的动词变为被动态。 Trees should not be planted in summer. The boy was made fun of by his classmates. Newspapers used to be sent here by the little girl. 汉语有一类句子不出现主语,在英语中一般可用被动结构表示: It is believed that… It is generally considered that… It is said that… It is well known that… It must be pointed out that… It is supposed that… It is reported that… It must be admitted that… It is hoped that… 被动语态的句型 1.常见句式是:主语(受动者)+be+过去分词+(by+施动者) :He was scolded by the English teacher. 2.主语+get+过去分词+其它成分:The boy got drowned last summer./ She got fired because of her faults. 使用这种结构不能带有“by+施动者” 3.带有双宾语(直接宾语和间接宾语)的主动句变为动句,其主语可以是直接宾语,也可以是间接宾语。 She lent me a bike.?被动:①I was lent a bike(by her). ②A bike was lent to me(by her). 4.情态动词+be+过去分词:This problem must be worked out in half an hour. 5.双重被动式:主语+被动式谓语+不定式的被动式+其它成分 These magazines are not allowed to be taken out of the reading-room. 注 The murderer was ordered to be shot. 意 下面主动形式常表示被动意义 1.不及物动词与状语连用,用以表示主语的品质和状态。常见动词是:cut,sell,read,write,fill,cook,lock,wash 等。 事 This knife cuts well.这把刀好切。 These books sell well.这些书好卖。 The pen writes smoothly.这支笔写起来流畅。 Meat won?t keep long in such hot weather.肉在这样热的天气里放不长久。 项 The cloth washes well.这种布好洗。 2.一些连系动词的主动式+形容词。常见动 look,smell,taste,sound,feel,prove,turn out 等。 The apples taste good. The flower smells wonderful. The news proved/turned out true. Cotton feels soft. 不可变为被动语态的几种情况 1.I teach myself French.不可变为 Myself is taught French.因为反身代词不可作主语。 2.We help each other/one another.不可变为 Each other/One another is helped by us.因为相互代词不可作主语。 3.He lost heart.不可变为 Heart was lost by him. 因为象 lose heart,make a face,keep silence,lose in thought 这类动宾结构的固定短语只能用于主动式,不能用被动式。 4.She took part in the sports meet.不能变为 The sports meet was taken part in by her. 因为象 take part in,belong to ,own,have,hate,fail,contain 等表状态动词没有被动语态。 含有短语动词在被动语态中介词不能丢 Much attention must be paid to your handwriting. 特别注意以下句子的结构:Every minute must be made full use of to study Englsih. 下面词或短语没有被动态: leave, enter, reach, become, benefit, cost, equal, contain, last, lack, fit, fail, have, appear, happen, occur, belong to, take place, break out, come about, agree with, keep up with, consist of, have on, lose heart 等等
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七、非谓语动词
非谓语动词的语法功能 所能充当的成分 现在分词 V-ing 形式 动名词 不定式(to do) 过去分词(done) △ △ △ △ △ △ △ △ △ △ △ △ △ △ 主语 表语 △ 宾语 宾语补足语 △ 定语 △ 状语 △

注:现在分词、不定式、过去分词都可以作独立成分 generally speaking 一般说来;frankly speaking 坦白地说;judging from/by...根据……来判断;considering.../taking...into consideration 考虑到……; to tell you the truth 说实话;seeing...考虑到……;supposing 假设,如果;providing 如果;given 考虑到,鉴于;provided that 如果 非谓语动词的形式变化 构成 非谓语 语态 形式 时态 复合结构 否定式 主动 被动 一般式 进行式 不定式 完成式 完成 进行式 一般式 动名词 完成式 to do to have done to be doing to have been doing doing having done 与动名词变化形式相同 to be done to have been done / / being done having been done for sb. to do sth. 或 of sb. to do sth.

在“to”前加 not 或 never

sb.或 sb?s doing 作主语要用 sb?s doing

现在分词

在前加 not 特别注意复合结构的否定式: sb?s not doing sb?s not having done 在前加 not

在解非谓语习题时同学们遇到最大的困难有两个:一是如何判别是谓语动词还是非谓语动词;二是如何选用哪一种非谓语动词及其恰当的形式。 一、谓语与非谓语的比较 非谓语动词是汉语中没有的语言现象。 汉语中几个谓语动词连用而动词不用作任何形式的变化。 他明天来拜访你。 如: 翻译成英语不是 He will come visit you, 而是 He will come to visit you.这里就用了不定式 to visit。因此同学们要特别注意弄清句子的结构。 例:Tom sat under a tree and seeing his friend, up in no time. A. to stand B. standing C. stood D. would stand 分析:stood 是与 sat 并列的谓语。 非谓语语法功能的比较

做宾语的非谓语动词比较
情况 只接不定式 做宾语的动词 只接动名词 做宾语的动词或短语 意义基本相同 两 者 都 可 以 意义相反 常用动词 hope, want, offer, long, fail, expect, wish, ask, decide, pretend, manage, agree, afford, determine, promise, happen mind, miss, enjoy, imagine, practise, suggest, finish, escape, excuse, appreciate, admit, prevent, keep, dislike, avoid, risk, resist feel like, succeed in, be fond of, object to, get down to, be engaged in, insist on, think of, be proud of, take pride in, set about, be afraid of, be tired of, look forward to, devote oneself to, be worth, be busy, pay attention to, stick to begin, start, like, love, hate, prefer, continue(接不定式多指具体的动作,接动名词多指一般或习惯行为) need, want, require(主语与动名词之间存在逻辑上的动宾关系,接动名词主动形式表示被动意义,若接不定式则应用被动形式) stop to do 停止手中所做的事,去做另一件事 remember/forget/regret to do(指动作尚未发生) remember/forget/regret doing(指动作已经发生) try to do(设法,努力去做,尽力) try doing(试试去做,看有何结果) can?t help (to) do(不能帮忙做) can?t help doing(忍不住要做) stop doing 停止正在做的事 go on to do(接着做另外一件事) go on doing(接着做同一件事) mean to do(打算做,企图做) mean doing (意思是,意味着) be considered to have done 被认为已经做了 consider…to be 认为是 consider doing 考虑做某事 例 句

意义不同

非谓语动词做宾语补足语的区别
分 类 常见动词 ask, beg, expect, get, order, tell, want, wish, encourage have, notice, see, watch, hear, feel, let, make notice, see, watch, hear, find, keep, have, feel 区 别 与宾语的逻辑关系及时间概念

不定式

主谓关系,强调动作将发生或已经完成

I asked to be sent to the countryside. I heard him call me several times. I found her listening to the radio. We found the village greatly changed. 例 句

现在分词 过去分词

主谓关系,强调动作正在进行,尚未完成 动宾关系,动作已经完成,多强调状态

IV. 非谓语动词做定语的区别 分 类 不定式 动名词 现在分词 过去分词

与被修饰词往往有动宾关系,一般式表示将来,进行式表示与谓语动 作同时发生,完成式表示在谓语动词之前发生 通常指被修饰词的用途,无逻辑上的主谓关系 与被修饰词之间是主谓关系,表示动作与谓语动作同时发生 与被修饰词之间是被动关系,表示动作发生在谓语动作之前,现已经 完成或只表示状态

I have a lot of papers to type. I have a lot of papers to be typed. I haven?t decided which hotel to stay at.(介词 at 不能丢) Shall we go to the swimming pool? the boiling water / the boiled water the developing country/the developed country the falling leaves/the fallen leaves

注意:the bridge to be built 将建造的桥, the bridge being built 正在建造的桥,the bridge built 已经建好的桥

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八、情态动词和虚拟语气 情态动词
I.情态动词基本用法 情态动词 用 法 能力(体力,智力,技能) can 允许或许可(口语中常用) 可能性(表猜测,用于否定句 could 或疑问句中) may might must have to ought to shall should will would dare need 可以(问句中表示请求) 可能,或许(表推测) 祝愿(用于倒装句中) 否定式 can not / cannot /can?t do couldn?t do may not do might not do Can…do…? May…do…? Might…do…? Must…do…? Do…have to do…? Ought…to do…? Shall…do…? Should…do…? Will/Would…do…? Dare…do…? Need…do…? Used…to do…? Did…use to do…? Yes,…will. No,…won?t. Yes,…dare. No,…daren?t. Yes,…must. No,…needn?t. Yes,…used. No,…use(d)n?t. Yes,…did. No,…didn?t. to. 疑问式 Yes,…can. No,…can?t. Yes,…may. No,…mustn?t/can?t. Yes,…might No,…might not. Yes,…must. No,…needn?t/don?t have Yes,…do. No,…don?t. Yes,…ought. No,…oughtn?t. Yes,…shall. No,…shan?t. 简答式

必须,应该(表主观要求) must not/mustn?t do 肯定,想必(肯定句中表推测) 只好,不得不(客观的必须, 有时态和人称的变化) 应当(表示义务责任,口语中 多用 should) 用于一三人称征求对方意见 用于二三人称表示许诺、 命令、 警告、威胁等 应当,应该(表义务责任) 本该(含有责备意味) 意愿,决心 请求, 建议, 用在问句中 would 比较委婉 don?t have to do ought not to/oughtn?t to do shall not/shan?t do should not/shouldn?t do will not/won?t do would not/wouldn?t do

敢 (常用于否定句和疑问句中) dare not/daren?t do 需要,必须(常用于否定句和疑 问句中) 过去常常(现在已不再) need not/needn?t do used not/usedn?t/usen?t to do didn?t use to do

used to

II.情态动词的重点知识 A computer_____think for itself; it must be told what to do. A.can’t B.mustn?t C.may not D.might not ①—Could I call you by your first name? —Yes, you______ 表示许可时用 may/might ,can/could 都可以,但在问句中用 A.will B.could C.may D.might could…?或 might…? 以使口气委婉客气, 其回答一定要用 can ②Johnny, you_____play with the knife, you_____hurt yourself. 或 may,以使回答口气明确(must 表示一定,必须,mustn?t A.won?t/can?t B.mustn’t/may 表示禁止,不许可) 。 C.shouldn?t/must D.can?t/shouldn?t The fire spread through the hotel very quickly but 在肯定句中 could 不可以用来表示过去某一特定场合的能力, everyone_____get out. 而要用 was/were able to。 A.had to B.would C.could D.was able to Peter______come with us tonight, but he isn?t very sure yet. 在肯定句中都可以用来表示可能。在含义上 must 语气最肯 A.must B.may C.can D.will 定,may 表示的是事实上的可能性。 而 can 表示的是逻辑上的可能性: Mary is in poor health. She can be ill at any times. 在否定句中只能用 can 和 may。 所以 can?t 时用以代替 mustn?t, Michael______be a policeman, for he?s much too short. 语气比 may 更肯定。中文可以翻译为不可能。 A.needn?t B.can’t C.should D.may He may be very busy now. Can he be very busy now? 在疑问句只能用 can,不能用 may 和 must。 He must be very busy now. Can he be very busy now? need 作为情态动词只有一种形式,只用于否定句和疑问句。 If he dare come,I will kick him out. I don?t know whether he dare 作为情态动词用时有两种形式:dare 和 dared 两个词形, dare say. 除了可以用于否定句和疑问句外,还可以用于条件从句或表示 注意:He doesn?t dare(to)answer the question.(否定句) 怀疑的句子中。 Does she dare(to)enter the dark room?(疑问句) 用于第一人称:征求对方的意见。 What shall we do this evening? You shall fail if you don?t work harder. 警告 用于第二、三人称:警告、命令、允诺、威胁等。 He shall have the book when I finish reading.允诺 He shall be punished.威胁 You should(ought to) go to class right away. 劝告、建议、命令、应该做、道义上的责任。 I should(ought to) help him because he is in trouble. 请求、建议,would 比 will 委婉客气。 Would you pass me the book? I will never do that again. 表示意志、愿望和决心。 They asked us if we would do that again During the vacation he would visit me every week would 可表示过去反复发生的动作或某种倾向。 The wound would not heal.(伤口老是不能愈合) It would be about ten when he left home. would 表示估计或猜想。 What would she be doing there? 表示能力的情态动词用 can/could 表 示 “ 能 力、许可” 的 can 和 may
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表 示 “ 推 断、判断” 的 can may,must

need

dare

shall

should

will/would

could+have done:本可以做而实际上未能做。 cannot+ have done:表示对现在或过去行为的否定推测。 can+主语+ have done:表示对过去行为的怀疑或不肯定(用在 疑问句中) 。 might(may)+ have done:对过去发生的行为不太肯定的推测。 情态动词 +have done 的用法 must+ have done:对过去发生的行为肯定的推测。 其否定式为:cannot have done。 needn?t+ have done:本来不必要做的而实际上又做了。

You could have done better, but you didn?t try your best. He cannot have been to that town. Can he have got the book? He may not have finished the work. If we had taken the other road, we might have arrived earlier. You must have seen the film. You cannot have seen the film. You needn?t have watered the flowers,for it is going to rain. 注意:didn’t need to(have to)do: 没有必要做而实际上也没有做 I didn?t need to clean the windows.My sister did it 2 hours ago. You should have started earlier, but you didn?t. She shouldn?t have taken away my measuring tape, for I worked to use it. 注意:He should have finished the work by now.(表推测) 例 句

should(ought to)+ have done:本来应该做而实际上又没有做。 其否定形式表示某中行为不该发生却发生了。 虚拟语气 类 别 与现在事实相反 If 引导的 条件从句 与过去事实相反 与将来事实相反 省略 if 的虚 拟条件句

用 法 从句动词:过去式(be 用 were) 主句动词:should/would/could/might+do 从句动词:had+done 主句动词:should/would/could/might+have+done 从句动词:过去式/should+动词原形/were+to do 主句动词:should/would/could/might+动词原形

If he were here, he would help us. If I had been free,I would have visited you. If it should rain tomorrow, we would not go camping. ①Should he come ,tell him to ring me up. ②Were I you,I would not do it. ③Had I been free,I would have visited you. ①If he had listened to me, he would not be in trouble now. ②If he had told me yesterday,I should know what to do now. ③If I were you, I would have gone to her birthday party. ①He could have passed the exam,but he wasn?t careful enough. ②You should have come earlier.The bus left a moment ago. ---But for your timely warning,we ______ into great trouble. ---You know we?re friends. A. would get B. must have got C. would have got D. can?t have got Without the air to hold some of the sun's heat, the earth at night would be freezing cold. It would be only partly right to follow in this way. 如果用这种方式,仅仅对了一半。 Having known in time ,we might have prevented the accident. 要是及时得知的话,我们也许能阻止这场事故。 Given more attention, the tree could have grown better. 如果多留心的话,这树本来可以长的更好。 I was too busy at that time.Otherwise,I would have called you.我当时太忙,否则我就给你打电话了。 He _____fatter but he eats too little . A. would become B. would have become C. must become D. must have become ①与现在事实相反 He talks as if he knew where she was. ②与过去事实相反 He talks about Rome as if he had been there before. ③与将来事实相反 He opened his mouth as if he would say something. Turn on the light so that we can see it clearly. He suggested that we not change our mind. I wish I could be a pop singer. I wish I would have gone to Shanghai last month. It is strange that such a person should be our friends. It?s high time that we left/should leave. I would rather you stayed at home now. If only our dream had come true!

将虚拟条件从句中的 were,had,should 放到主语之前,构成主谓倒装

不同时间的虚拟:各遵守各的规则 混合虚拟条 件句 虚拟与陈述的混合:各遵守各的规则

but for+名词表示虚拟条件

without+名词表示虚拟条件 动词不定式表示虚拟条件 含蓄虚拟 条件句 现在分词表示虚拟条件 过去分词表示虚拟条件 副词 otherwise 表示虚拟条件 连词 but 连接的句子表示虚拟条件 as if/as though 引导的状语从句中动词用 did 或 had+done 或 would/ could/might+do。 注意:as if/as though 引导的状语从句中也可以用陈述语气: 当说话者认为所述的是真实的或极有可能发生或存在的事实时: It sounds as if it is raining.听起来像是在下雨。 He talks as if he is drunk.从他谈话的样子来看他是醉了。 in order that/so that 引导的状语从句中动词用 can/could/may/ might/ would 等+do demand, suggest, order, insist 后接的从句中动词为 should+do wish 后的从句中分别用过去式,过去完成式和 should/would+do 表示 与现在,过去和将来情况相反 在 It is necessary / important / strange that… It is suggested / demanded/ ordered / requested that…等从句中, 谓语动词用 should+do It is time that…句型中动词用过去式或 should+do 其它 句型中 would rather 所接的从句中动词用过去式或者过去完成式 If only 句型中动词常用过去式或者过去完成式,表示强烈的愿望
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句子或主句中的谓语动词的 形式视具体情况而定。这是 考查考生应变能力的最佳试 题。

其它 状语从句

宾语从句

主语从句

九、句子的种类 按用途分 种 类 陈述句 类 型 例 句

肯定句 否定句 一般疑问句

We love our motherland. 我们热爱祖国。 They don?t go to work on Sundays. 他们星期日不上班。 Are you a worker? 你是个工人吗? Haven?t you seen the film? 你没看过这部电影吗? Who is the man? 这人是谁?

特殊疑问句 疑问句 选择疑问句

When do you watch TV? 你什么时间看电视? What are they doing now? 他们现在正在干什么? Do you want tea or coffee? Either will do. 你要茶水还是要咖啡?哪种都行。 Does he learn Japanese or French? He learns French. 他学日语还是学法语?他 学法语。 They are going to the airport, aren?t they? 他们要去机场,是吗? You haven?t finished your homework, have you? 你没做完作业,是吗? Be sure to get there at eight. 务必八点钟到那儿。 Don?t worry. I?ll help you out. 别担心,我会帮助你的。 What great changes we have had these years! 这几年我们有了多么大的变化啊! What a fine day it is! 多好的天气呀! How brave he is! 他多么勇敢呀! How hard they are working! 他们工作多努力呀! How time flies! 时间过得多么快呀! How nice a boy (he is) !=What a nice boy (he is)! 多好的孩子啊! 例句 They disappeared. 他们消失了。 He likes swimming.他喜欢游泳。 We help each other. 我们互相帮助。 I told my friend the good news. 我把好消息告诉了我的朋友。 They sent us a telegram. 他们给我们拍了电报。 They named the boy Jack. 他们给孩子起名叫杰克。 I want everything ready by eight o?clock. 我要求一切都要在八点前准备好。 She is a university student. 她是一名大学生。 He has become a pilot. 他已成为一名飞行员。 Either you do it, or I ask for somebody else to do it. 要么你来做,要么我请其他 人来做。 Neither Tom nor Jack has finished the homework. 汤姆和杰克都没有完成作业。 Not couldn?t they complete the task, but the task was too tough. 不是他们完不成任务,而是任务太重了。 John likes playing basketball, but he didn?t play it yesterday. 约翰喜欢打篮球, 但 他昨天没打。 We must hurry, or we?ll miss the train. 我们必须快点,否则会赶不上火车。 Either you come to my place or I go to yours. 或者你到我这儿来,或者我到你 那去。 We had better stay at home, for it was raining. 我们最好呆在家里,因为天正在 下雨。 He didn?t work hard, therefore he failed in the examination. 他学习不努力,因此这次考试不及格。 从句有:名词性从句(主语从句,表语从句,宾语从句和同位语从句) 状语从句 定语从句 (详细请看以下各节罗列的内容)
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反意疑问句 祈使句 肯定句 否定句 what + 名词 感叹句 how + 形容词或副词 how +句子 How + adj. + a (an) + n.=What a(an)+adj.+n 按结构分 种类 类型 主+谓 主+谓+宾 主+谓+间宾+直接宾 主+谓+宾+宾补 主+系+表

简单句

并列关系 and, not only…but also, neither …nor, both…and, not…but,

转折关系 but,while(而,尽管) 并列句 nevertheless(然而;不过) 选择关系 or, otherwise or else, either?or

因果关系 for, so, thus, therefore, and so

由一个主句和一个或一个以上的从句构成 复合句 的句子叫复合句。 在复合句中主句是全句的 主体,从句是全句的一个成分,不能独立。

种类 连 词

关联词 that whether who what which whatever when where why how that

主 语 从 句

连接 代词

连接 副词

陈述 意义

疑问 意义 宾 语 从 句

if whether

who, whom, which,whose, 特殊 what, when, 疑问 where, why, 意义 how,whoever, whatever, whichever 注1

十、名词性从句 例 句 说 明 That he will come and help you is certain. that 在引导主语从句时不可省去 他来帮助你是确实无疑的。 Whether there is life on the moon is an interesting question. 主语从句中只能用 whether 不可用 if。 月球上有没有生命是个有趣的问题。 What he wants to tell us is not clear. 他要跟我们说什么,还不清楚。 主语从句放在句首,句子常显得笨重,因此一般 Who will win the match is still unknown. 谁能赢得这场比赛还不得而知。 It is known to us how he became a writer. 把它移到句子后面,前面用引导词“it”来作形式 我们都知道他是如何成为一名作家的。 主语。 Where the English evening will be held has not yet been announced. 英语晚会将在哪里举行,还没有宣布。 I believe(that) he is honest. 我相信他是忠诚的。 that 在句中不担任任何成分,在口语或非正式的 We must never think(that) we are good in everything while 文体中常被省去,但如从句是并列句时,第二个分 others are good in nothing. 句前的 that 不可省。 我们决不能认为自己什么都好,别人什么都不好。 I wonder whether he will come or not. whether 常与 or not 连用,不能用 if 代替。 我想知道他来还是不来。 作介词宾语要用 whether 不能用 if。 Everything depends on whether we have enough money. 从句是否定句时一般用 if 引导。 一切要看我们是否有足够的钱。 I don?t know if(whether) it is interesting. 我不知道它是否有意思。 He doesn?t care if it isn?t a fine day.他不在乎天气是否好。 Please tell me what you want.请告诉我你需要什么? She always thinks of how she can work well. 她总是在想怎样能把工作做好。 She will give whoever needs help a warm support. 宾语从句作及物动词宾语也可做介词的宾语。 凡需要帮助的人,她都会给予热情的支持。

We must make it clear that anyone who breaks the 如果宾语从句后面有宾语补足语, 则用 it 作形式宾语, law will be punished. 将 从句后置。 我们必须认清无论谁违反了法律都要受到惩罚。 think,believe,imagine,suppose 等动词引出的宾语从句,要 We don?t think you are right. 我们认为你不对。 注2 将从句中的否定形式,移到主句中。 I don?t believe he will do so. 我相信他不会这样做 的。 that The problem is(that) they can?t get here early enough. 连词 whether 问题是他们不能很早到达这里。 在非正式的文体中 that 可以省去 as if It looks as if it?s going to rain.看起来天要下雨。 表 who That?s just what I want. 这正是我想要的。 连接 语 what The question is who(which of you) will be the next speaker. 代词 从 which 问题是谁(你们哪一位)接着发言。 句 when This is where our problem lies. 连接 where 这就是我们的问题所在。 表语从句位于主句系动词之后 副词 why That is why he didn?t come to the meeting. how 那就是他为什么不到会的原因。 The news that he had landed on the moon spread all over the 同位语从句说明其前面的名词的具体内容,常用 world.他曾在月球上登陆这个消息传遍世界。 的名词如:fact, news, idea, hope, thought,question, 同 由连词 that 引导, I have no idea when he will come back home. order, fear, doubt, word, proof, belief, story 等。 位 不担任成分,也可 我不知道他什么时候回来。 语 有 when, how, The thought came to him that Mary had probably fallen ill. 从 where 等引导。 他想到可能玛丽生病了。 句 He must answer the question whether he agrees to it or not. 他必须回答他是否同意此事这样一个问题。 特别注意 what 的双重功能: ①What was once regarded as impossible has now become a reality. (what 为“所……的事”,相当于“the thing that…;all that…;everything that…”) ②After ________ seemed a very long time,I opened my eye and found myself in bed.(M ET'93) A.what B.when C.that D.which (what 相当于“the time that”,表示“……时间”) ③He is not what he was a few years ago. Who is it that has made Fred what he is now? (what 表示“……的人”,相当于“the person that…”) ④What is now the North Sahara Desert was once a civilized world. (what 表示“……的地方”,相当于“the place that…”) ⑤Our income is now double what it was ten years ago (what 表示“……的数目”,相当于“the amount /number that…”)

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十一、状语从句 种 类 从属连词 When whenever 例 句 说 明 When I came into the room, he was writing a letter.当我进屋时,他正 when 指的是“某一具体的时间” 在写信。 whenever 指的是“在任何时间” We shall go there whenever we are free.我们什么时间有空, 我们就去 那里。 I was walking along the street when suddenly someone patted me on when 意为“这时”或“在那个时候”,可以 the shoulder from behind.我正在街上走着,这时忽然有人从后面拍 看作是并列句,这种用法的 when 分句一般 我的肩膀。 位于句末。 While it was raining, they went out.天下雨的时候,他们出去了。 I stayed while he was away.他不在的时候我在。 He hurried home, looking behind as he went. 他赶快回家,不时地一边走一边向后看。 Be a pupil before you become a teacher.先做学生,再做先生。 He arrived after the game started.比赛开始后,他到了。 We waited till (until)he came back .我们一直等到他回来。 如主句动词是持续性动作,常用肯定式, 表示“直到?为止” while 指“在某一段时间里”“在?期间” , , while 引导的动作必须是持续性的 as 引导持续性动作,强调主句和从句的动 作同时发生

when

while as before after till 时 间 状 从

until

She didn?t stop working until eleven o?clock .她到 11 点钟才停止工 如主句动词是瞬间动词,常用否定式,表 作。 示“直?才” “在?以前不”,从句放在句首 Until he had passed out of sight, she stood there. 表示强调,一般用 until 她站在那里看着,直到看不见他的身影。 Great changes have taken place in China since 1978. 状语从句在主句之前时一般用逗号与主句 自从 1978 年以来中国发生了巨大的变化。 分开,如从句在主句之后则不必用标点符 As soon as I arrive in Shanghai, I?ll write to you.我一到上海就给你写 号。 信。 I had hardly got home when it began to rain. hardly?when 和 no sooner?than 的意义相 我刚一到家, 就下雨了。 =Hardly had I got home when it began to rain. 当于 as soon as,但只表示过去发生的事情, No sooner had we got to the station than the train left. 主句为过去完成时,从句为过去时,如 我们刚到车站,火车就走了。 hardly 或 no sooner 位于句首时语气强,而 Hardly had we begun when we were told to stop.我们刚开始就被叫 且主句的谓语要用部分倒装 停。

since as soon as

hardly?when no sooner?than

Every time I travelled by boat, I got seasick.我每次乘船都晕船。 在时间状语从句中,不能用将来时或过去 every time, by the The moment I heard the song, I felt cheerful. 将来时,而要用现在时或过去时代替将来 time, the moment 等 我一听到这首歌,就感到很愉快。 时 Next time you come ,you?ll see him.下次你来的时候,就会见到他。 地 点 状 从 where wherever Where there is a will, there is a way.有志者,事竟成。 where 与 wherever 意义基本相同, 但后者语 Where there is water there is life.哪里有水,哪里就有生命。 气较强,多用于书面语 You are free to go wherever you like.你可以随意到你喜欢的任何地 方去。 Wherever you go, you must obey the law.无论你去哪都要遵守法律。 I came back late yesterday because I was on duty.昨天我回来晚了, because 用来回答 why 的问题,语气最强 因 为我值班。 Since everyone is here, let?s begin our meeting.既然大家都到了, 我们 since 表示既然或全已知的理由,稍加分析即 开始开会。 可表明的原因,多放句首 As he didn?t know much English, he looked up the word in the 从句常放在句首,说明原因,主句说明结 dictionary . 果,常用于口语中。 由于他英语懂得不多,他在字典中查阅这个单词。 seeing (that), now that 和 since, as 意义相 似, 他们都有 “鉴于某个事实” 的意思, that 可以省去 目的状语从句中常用情态动词 may (might) can (could) ,should 等放在动词之前,从句 往往放在主句之后,主从句之间不用任何 标点符号

because since 原 因 状 从

as

Now (that) the weather has cleared up, we can start our journey. 鉴于天气已经晴朗,我们可以启程了。 now that, seeing that Seeing (that) he was badly ill, we sent for the doctor. 鉴于他病情严重,我们派人去请医生去了。 that 目 的 状 从 in order that lest = for fear that so that I shall write down your telephone number that I may not forget. 我要把你的电话号码记下来,以免忘记。 We?ll tell you the truth so that you can judge for yourself. 我把真实情况告诉你,使你能自己作出判断。 They worked harder than usual in order that they could finish the work ahead of time .他们比往常更加努力工作,为了能提前完成工作。 Put on more clothes lest (= for fear that ) you should catch cold. 多穿点衣服,以免感冒。
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so that 结 果 状 从 such?that so?that

if 条 件 状 从 as/so long as in case so far as unless

as 方 式 状 从 as if? as though

We turned up the radio, so that everyone heard the news. so that 前有逗号为结果状语从句 我们把收音机的音量放大,大家都听到了新闻。 so?that 的 so 后面跟形容词或副词 He was so excited that he couldn?t say a word. 他十分激动,以致一句话都说不出来。 He gave such important reasons that he was excused. such?that 的 such 后面跟名词, 如果名词是 他说出了这么重要的理由,得到大家的谅解。 单数就要用 such a /an?that 还可以转换用 It is such an interesting novel that all of us want to read it. so?that,语气较强 It is so interesting a novel that all of us want to read it. 这是一本十分有趣的书,大家都想看。 Difficulties are nothing if we are not afraid of them. unless 从句的谓语只能用肯定式。unless 和 如果我们不怕困难,困难就算不了什么了。 if?not 同义,unless 是书面语,if?not 是 We shall go there tomorrow unless it rains.除非下雨, 我们明天就去那 口语,通常二者可以换用 里。 条件状语从句中的谓语动词的时态一般要 = We shall go there tomorrow if it doesn?t rain. 用现在时或过去时代替一般将来时或过去 So/As long as you work hard, you will succeed. 将来时 只要你努力工作,你就一定能成功。 In case I forget, please remind me about it .万一我忘了,请提醒我一 下。 So far as I know, the book will be published next month. 据我所知,那本书下月出版。 Draw a cat as I taught you .按照我教你的画一只猫。 此处 as 译为:按照或正如 Do as you are told.按照人家告诉你做的去做。 as if 或 as though 的意义和用法基本一样。 She looks as if she is ill.看上去她好象是生病了。 从句中可以用现在时表示可能符合事实, He acted as if (though) nothing had happened.他的行动就好象什么也 也可以用虚拟语气 没有发生。 They treat the black boy as if (though) he were an animal. 他们对待这黑孩子仿佛他是一头牲口。 Although (Though) he was over sixty, (yet) he began to learn French. 虽然他六十多岁了,但仍开始学习法语 。 We were not tired though (although) we had worked all day. 虽然我们干了一天活,但并不累。 I?ll go even if (though) it rains tomorrow.即使明天下雨,我也要去。

让 步 状 从

在句子中一般用了“虽然”就不能再用“但 although 是” (but) 但可以与 yet 或 still 连用。 though though / although 意义相同,用法基本一样,前者 通俗,口语化,后者正式多放主句的前面 even if 和 even though 的意思为 “即使” “纵 even if,even though 使”有退一步设想的意味,多用于书面语 中 Child as he is , he knows a lot .虽然他是一个孩子,但他懂得很多。 as 引出的状语从句多用于书面语,它比用 Cold as it is, (= Though it is cold,)the children play outdoors. though 或 although 引导的从句,语气强, as 虽然天气冷,但孩子们仍在户外玩。 更有表现力,从句常放在句首,语序部分 倒装。 Do it no matter what others say.不管别人怎么说,尽管干。 no matter??与 who-ever 引导的让步状语 no matter (who, No matter how busy he was, he studied English every day. 从句意义基本一 样,no matter??引导的 what when, where 不管他多忙,他都每天坚持学习英语。 从句可是以位于主句前或主句后 which, how?) No matter who takes up the matter for me ,I shall be very grateful. 不管谁为我处理这件事,我都将非常感激。 wh+ever (whatever Whatever happens / may happen , we shall not lose heart. whoever ,whenever 无论发生什么,我们都不要失去信心。 whichever ,however) Whoever comes, he will be welcome.无论谁来,都会受到欢迎。 Mary is as old as my sister.玛利和我姐姐一样大。 连词表示同程度级的比较,肯定句用 as? as?as , He doesn?t run so (as) fast as Jack (does).他不如杰克跑得那样快。 as 否定句可用 not as?as 或 not so?as not so/as?as His book is the same as mine.他的书和我的一样。 the same?as Henry is not such a good worker as Peter .享利这个工人不如彼得那 such?as 样好。 She has made greater progress this year than she did last year. …than… 她今年比去年进步更大。 He bought fewer books than I (did).他买的书比我买的少。 The more you read, the better you understand.你看的书越多,你懂得 the more?the more 意思为越?越?,通常 的就越多。 的语序为从句在前主句在后, 这两个 the 都 The more tickets you sell, the more money you will get. 是表示程度的副词,用在比较级的形容词 the more 你卖的票越多,你的收入也越多。 或副词前面 …the more… The harder you work, the greater progress you will make. 你工作越努力,你取得的进步就越大。 The sooner, the better.越快越好。The warmer, the better.越暖和越好。

比 较 状 从

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十二、定语从句 I. 定语从句起了形容词的作用,在句中修饰一个名词或代词。被修饰的词叫做先行词,引导定语从句的词叫关系词,他的作用一是放在 先行词与定语从句中间起了连接作用,二是在从句中担当一个成分,并与先行词保持数的一致。 关系词 who whom 先行词 人 人 从句成分 主语 宾语 例 句 备 注

Do you know the man who is talking with your mother? Mr. Smith is the person with whom I am working The boy (whom) she loved died in the war.. whom, which 和 that 在从句中做宾 语时,常可以省略,但介词提前 时后面关系代词不能省略,也不 可以用 that

关系 代 词

whose

人或物

定语

I like those books whose topics are about history. The boy whose father works abroad is my deskmate.

that

人或物

主语, 宾语

A plane is a machine that can fly. She is the pop star (that) I want to see very much.

which



主语, 宾语

The book (which) I gave you was worth $10. The picture which was about the accident was terrible.

as 关系 副 词 when where why

人或物 时间 地点 原因

主语, 宾语 时间状语 地点状语 原因状语

He is such a person as is respected by all of us. This is the same pen as I lost yesterday. I will never forget the day when we met there. This is the house where I was born. I can?t imagine the reason why he turned down my offer.

as 做宾语一般不省略 可用 on which 可用 in which 可用 for which

II. that 与 which, who, whom 的用法区别 情 况 用法说明 1.先行词为 all, everything, anything, nothing, little, much,等不定代词时 2.先行词被 all, any, every, each, much, little, no, 只用 that 的情况 some, few 等修饰时 3.先行词有形容词最高级和序数词修饰时 4.先行词既指人又指物时 5.先行词被 the only, the very 修饰时 6.句中已经有 who 或 which 时,为了避免重复时 3.This is the best film that I have ever read. 4.We talked about the persons and things that we remembered. 5.He is the only man that I want to see. 6.Who is the man that is making a speech? 2.All the books that you offered has been given out. 例 句

1.He told me everything that he knows.

只用 which, who, whom 的情况

1.在非限制性定语从句中, 只能用 which 指代物, 1.He has a son, who has gone abroad for further study. 用 who/whom 指人 2.在由“介词+关系代词”引导的定语从句中,只 2.I like the person to whom the teacher is talking. 能用 which 指物,whom 指人。 3.先行词本身是 that 时, 关系词用 which, 先行词 3.Those who respect others are usually respected by others. 为 those, one, he 时多用 who。 区 别 例 句

III. as、which 和 that 的区别 从句 限制性 定语从句中 非限制性 定语从句中 名词前有 such 和 the same 修饰时, 关系代词 用 as,不能用 which He is not such a fool as he looks. Don?t read such books as you can?t understand.

as 和 which 都可以指代前面整个主句。如果 They won the game, as we had expected. 有“正如,象”的含义,并可以放在主句前, They won the game, which we hadn?t expected. 也可以放在后面,那么用 as;而 which 引导 As is well known, he is a famous film star in the 1980s. 的从句只能放主句后,并无“正如”的意思。 the same... as 指同类事物 the same ...that 指原物 That?s the same tool as I used last week.(同类工具,不是同一把) That?s the same tool that I used last week.那就是我上周用过的工具。

the same... as 和 the same ...that

注意:the way 做先行词时,定语从句可由 that, in which 引导或不用引导词。 IV.定语从句与其它从句(句型)的区别 类 别 定语从句 与 并列句 区 别 例 句 定语从句与并列句的主要区别在于:并列 句有像 and,but,so 等并列连词或两个句 子用分号连接,这时就不能再用引导定语 从句的关系词了。 ①Mr Li has three daughters,none of _____ is an engineer. ②Mr Li has three daughters,but none of _____ is a dancer. 从结构上看,①小题是定语从句,故填 whom; ②小题有并列连词 but,是并列句,故填代词 them。
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定语从句的前面有名词作先行词,而状语 从句没有先行词。

This is the place where we used to live a few years ago. 这是几年前我们居住的地方。 (定语从句,先行词为 the place) Let?s go where we can find a better job. 我们到能找到更好的工作的地方去吧。 (地点状语从句) Do you know the time when the class is over? 你知道下课的时间吗? (定 语从句) It was already five o?clock when the class was over. =When the class was over, it was already five o?clock. 当下课时己经是 5 点了。 (时间状语从句) This is the factory in which (where) his father once worked. 这就是他的父亲曾经工作过的那个工厂。 (定语从句) Put back the book where it was. 把书放回原处。 (状语从句) It is such an interesting book as we all like. 它是我们大家都喜欢的如此 有趣的书。 (as 用作动词 like 的宾语,它引导的是定语从句) It is such an interesting book that we all like it. 它是一本如此有趣的书,我们大家都喜欢它。 (that 不充当句子成分,故它引导的是结果状语从句) The news that she had passed the exam made her parents very happy. 她考试及格的消息使她父母亲很高兴。 (同位语从句) 此句中的同位语从句 The news that she had passed the exam 可以改写成表语从句:The news is that he passed the exam. The news that he told us interested all of us. 他告诉我们的消息使大家都感兴趣。 (定语从句) The news that he told us 是定语从句,此句不能改写为:The news is that he told us. ①It is on the morning of May 1st _____ I met Liang Wei at the airport. ②It is the factory _____ Mr Wang works. 从结构上看: ①小题是强调句,故填 that。 ②小题则是定语从句,用上述方法转换便知 the factory 前差个介词 in, 故填 where。

定语从句 与 状语从句

定语从句修饰、限制、说明名词,只能放 在先行词的后面,而状语从句说明动作发 生的情况,并且可以放在主句的前面。 When, where 和 why 在引导定语从句时可 以用“介词+which”的结构来替换,在引 导状语从句时却不行。 定语从句中的关系词在从句中充当某种句 子成分,因此去掉它则从句成分不完整; 而结果状语从句中的连接词在从句中不作 任何成分,去掉后从句的成分仍然完整。

定语从句 与 同位语从句

定语从句在复合句中相当于形容词,对先 行词起修饰、描述或限制的作用,与先行 词之间有从属关系。同位语的作用相当于 名词,对前面的名词给予补充说明或进一 步解释,是前面名词的具体内容,与先行词 之间是同位关系。 强调句的结构为“It is/was+被强调部分 +that+从句” 。被强调部分可以是除谓语 以外的任何成分,当被强调部分是人时, 还可用 who 代替 that。这一句型中,一定 不能因为被强调部分是表时间或地点的词 就用 when 或 where 代替 that。

定语从句 与 强调句

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十三、强调句 强调的类别 说 明 例 句

为了强调句子的某一成分 (通 原始句:Last night I saw a film in the Youth Palace. 常是主语、宾语或状语) ,常 强调主语:It was I that (or: who) saw a film in the Youth Palace last night. 用强调结构: 强调宾语:It was a fiml that I saw in the Youth Palace last night.

It is (was) + 被 强 调 部 分 强调地点状语:It was in the Youth Palace that I saw a film last night. +that(who)… 表示强调的 it 在这种结构的 句子中作主句的主语。 强调时间状语:It was last night that I saw a film in the Youth Palace. 一般讲,原句的谓语动词如果是现在或将来各种时态,用 It is…that (who)…; 如果原句谓语动词是过去各种时态, 则用 It was… that(who)…。 ①在强调主语时,that 后的谓语动词要与被强调者保持人称和数的 It is I who am a teacher. ②即使被强调的主语是复数,主句中的谓语动词也用单数 It is they who often help me with my lessons. ③在强调时间、地点、原因、或方式状语时,不要用 when,where,why 或 how ,而用 that It was because her mother was ill that she didn't go with us. ④在强调 not … until 结构中由 until 短语 (或从句) 表示的时间状语时, 要用固定的强调句型 It is (was) +被强调部分 +that(who)… It is(was) not until ...that...。that 从句中的谓语动词用肯定式。 My father didn't come home until 12 o'clock last night. It was not until 12 o'clock last night that my father came home. ⑤在强调一般疑问句中的某一成分时,主句要用一般疑问句的语序: 注意点 把 is/ was 提到 it 前面。 Did this happen in Beijing? Was it in Beijing that this happened? ⑥特殊疑问句中只有疑问词可以强调,其强调结构是“被强调部分(通 常是疑问代词或疑问副词)+ is/was + it + that/ who + 其它部分?" Where were you born? Where was it that you were born? ⑦not …until…句型的强调句
[来源:学|科|网 Z|X|X|K]

句型为:It is/ was not until + 被强调部分 + that + 其它部分 原始句:He didn?t go to bed until/ till his wife came back. 强调句:It was not until his wife came back that he went to bed. 此句型只用 until,不用 till。但如果不是强调句型,till, until 可通 用;因为句型中 It is/ was not … 已经是否定句了,that 后面的从句 要用肯定句,切勿再用否定句了。 Do sit down. 务必请坐。 It is/ was … that …结构不能 谓语动词的强调 强调谓语, 如果需要强调谓语 时, 用助动词 do/ does 或 did。 He did write to you last week.上周他确实给你写了信。 Do be careful when you cross the street. 过马路时,务必(千万)要小心啊! 此种强调只用 do/does 和 did ,没有别的形式;过去时用 did,后面的 谓语动词用原形。

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类别













十四、省略句 具体内容 例句 名词所有格后修饰的名词在以下情况可以省略 These are John's books and those are Mary's (books). ①如果名词所有格修饰的名词在前文已出现,则 这些是约翰的书,那些是玛丽的书。 可以省略。 at the doctor's 在诊所 at Mr. Green's 在格林先生家 ②名词所有格后修饰的名词如果是指商店、住宅 to my uncle's 到我叔叔家 at the barber's 在理发店 等地点时,这些名词也常常省略。 ①The lightning flashed and thunder crashed.电闪雷鸣。 冠词的省略 (thunder 前省略了定冠词 the) ①为了避免重复 ②She sings best in the class.她在班上唱歌唱得最好。 ②在副词的最高级前面的定冠词常可以省略。 ③Our teacher came in, book in hand. ③在某些独立主格结构中。 (=Our teacher came in, with a book in his hand.) ④在 as 引导的让步状语从句中, 当作表语的单数 我们的老师手里拿着一本书进来了。 名词提前时,不定冠词要省略。 ④Child as he is, he knows a lot. 虽然他还是一个孩子,却懂得很多 介词的省略 ①Both (of) the films were interesting. 这两部电影都很有趣。 ①both 后常跟 of 短语,其后可以接名词复数形 She invited both of us to her birthday party. 式, 也可以接代词宾格复数形式。 接复数名词时, 她邀请我们俩去参加她的生日派对。 介词 of 可以省略,但接代词宾格时,of 不能省 ②These shoes are worn out. They have lasted (for) a long time. 略。 这双鞋穿破了,已经穿了很长一段时间了。 ②在现在完成时表持续和重复的句型中,一段时 ③Trees can prevent the earth (from) being washed away. 间前的介词 for 可以省略。 树能阻止泥土被冲走。 ③和一些动词搭配构成的短语中的介词, Can you stop him (from) going swimming in the river? consider... (as)..., prevent / stop... (from)doing..., 你能阻止他下河洗澡吗? have trouble / difficulty... (in) doing...,spend... (in / I have some difficulty (in) answering the question. on) doing... 等中的介词可以省略。 回答这个问题我有点困难。 ①有些动词,believe, find, think, feel, consider, ①I consider him (to be) lazy.我认为他懒。 imagine, prove 等后作宾补的结构。 His mother found him (to be) a clever boy. to be + n. / adj.中的 to be 可以省略。 他母亲发觉他是一个很聪明的孩子。 ②感官动词 see, hear, feel, watch, notice 等以及 ②They made the boy go to bed early.他们强迫这个男孩早睡。 使役动词 let, make, have 后作宾补的动词不定式, The boy was made to go to bed early. 这个男孩被迫早睡。 其中的不定式符号 to 要省略,但变为被动结构 注: help 后作宾补的动词不定式中的 to 可以省略也可保留。 时,to 必须保留。 ③在 can not but, can not choose but, can not help ③We have nothing to do now but wait. but 之后的动词不定式一般不带 to; 之前有实 but 我们现在除了等没有别的事可做。 义动词 do 的某个形式 do, does, did, done 时,也 I can not but admire his courage. 我不能不钦佩他的勇敢。 不带 to, 否则要带 to。 He has no choice but to accept the fact. 除了接受这个事实他别无选择。 ④在并列结构中为了避免重复。 ④I'm really puzzled what to think or say. 我真不知道该怎么想,怎么说才好。 但两个不定式有对照或对比的意义时, 则后一个 to 不能省。 I came not to scold but to praise you. 我来不是责备你,而是赞美你。 ⑤在 why, why not 引导的特殊问句中后跟省略 ⑤Why talk so much about it?为什么大谈这个事呢? to 的动词不定式。 Why not try it again? 为什么不再试一试呢? ⑥动词不定式中动词原形部分是否省略,主要看 ⑥They may go if they wish to(go). 句子前面是否已出现过同样的动词。如果句子前 如果他们想去,他们就可以去。 面出现过同样的动词,为了避免重复,句子后面 Don't go till I tell you to.直到我告诉你去,你才可以去。 的不定式常省略动词原形,而保留不定式符号 在 一 些 动 词 afford, agree, expect, forget, mean, pretend, to。 remember, want, refuse, hope, wish, would like (love), try 等后 跟动词不定式作宾语,不定式中的 to 可以承前(后)省略。 —Will you go to the cinema with me? 你愿和我一起去看电影吗? —Well, I'd like to (go with you). 我愿意。 I would do it for you, but I don't know how to (do it for you). 我想为你做这事,但我又不知如何做。 在某些形容词, afraid, glad, willing, happy, eager 等后承前省 略动词原形,只保留不定式符号 to。 —Will you join us in the game? 你愿和我们一起做这个游戏吗? —Sure, I'll be glad to(join you in the game). 当然,我愿意。 有些动词, tell, ask, allow, expect, force, invite, permit, persuade, order, warn, wish, would like,forbid 等后跟动词不定式作宾语 补足语、主语补足语时,不定式承前省略动词原形, 保留动 词不定式符号 to。 He didn't come, though we had invited him to (come). 尽管我们邀请他来,他却没来。 注: 承前省略的动词不定式如果有助动词 have 或 be, 则要保 留 be 或 have。 —Are you a teacher? 你是老师吗? —No, but I used to be (a teacher).不,我以前是。
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简单句中的省略 ①感叹句中常省略主语和谓语。 ②在一些口语中可以省略某些句子成分。

①What a hot day (it is)!多热的天啊! How wonderful!多妙啊! ②—(Will you)Have a smoke?你抽烟吗? —No.Thanks.不,谢谢了。 (Is there)Anything else to say?还有别的要说吗?



①John must have been playing football and Mary (must have been) doing her homework. 并列句中的省略 ①如果主语不同,而谓语动词中的一部分相同, 约翰一定在踢球,而玛丽一定在做作业。 则省略谓语动词中相同的那部分。 ②His suggestions made John happy, but (his suggestions made) ②主语相同,谓语动词也相同,则二者都可以省 Mary angry. 略。 他的建议使约翰高兴,却使玛丽很生气。 ③主语相同,而谓语不同,则可以省略主语。 ③Old McDonald gave up smoking for a while, but (he) soon ④在并列复合句中,如果 that 从句从属于 returned to his old ways. 第二个并列句且它的谓语动词和宾语等其它一 老麦克唐纳戒了一阵子烟,可很快又抽上了。 些成分与第一个并列句相同时,这个 that 从句通 ④Jack will sing at the party, but I know John won't (sing at the 常可以省略这些相同的部分。 party). 杰克将在晚会上唱歌,但我知道约翰不会在晚会上唱歌。 复合句中的省略 ▲名词性从句中的省略 ①作宾语的 what 从句中的谓语动词与主句的相 同,则 what 从句可以省略谓语,甚至主语 复合句中的省略 ▲名词性从句中的省略 ①Someone has used my bike, but I don't know who (has used it). 有人用了我的自行车,但我不知道是谁。 He has gone, but no one knows where (he has gone). 他走了,但没人知道他去哪儿了。 ②(I'm)Sorry I've kept you waiting so long. 对不起,让你久等了。 ③It's important that we (should) speak to the old politely. 我们对老人说话要有礼貌,这很重要。 ▲定语从句中的省略 ①The man(who/whom)I saw is called Smith. 我见到的那个人名叫史密斯。 Where is the book (which) I bought this morning? 今天上午我买的那本书在哪儿? ②I shall never forget the day (when) we first met. 我永远也不会忘记我们第一次见面的那一天。 The reason (why) he came so early is his own affair. 他来这么早是他自己的事。 The way (that) you answered the questions was admirable. 你回答这些问题的方式令人钦佩。 ▲状语从句中的省略





②有时候也可以根据说话的情景来省略主句中 的一些成分。 ③在某些表虚拟语气的主语从句、宾语从句、表 语从句和同位语从句中,从句谓语动词中的助动 词 should 可以省略。 ▲定语从句中的省略 ①在限制性定语从句中,作宾语的关系代词 that, which, who (whom)常可以省略。







②关系副词 when, where, why 以及 that 在 the time(day, morning, afternoon, evening, night, week, month, year 等) when, the place(desk, table, room, spot, house, town, country, school 等)where, the reason why, the way that 结构中引导限制性定语 从句时,在非正式场合下,可以省略关系副词 when, where, why, that。 ▲状语从句中的省略 当状语从句中的主语和主句的主语一致,或状语 从句中的主语是 it,并且又含有 be 动词时,常可 以省略从句中的主语和 be 动词。 ①在 as, before, till, once, when, while 等引导的时 间状语从句中。 ②在 though, although,等引导的让步状语从句中。 ③在 if, unless(=if... not)等引导的条件状语从句 中。

①While(I was)waiting, I was reading some magazines. 我一边看杂志,一边等。 ②Though (they were) tired, they went on working. 虽然他们累了,但他们仍继续工作。 ③You shouldn't come to his party unless (you were) invited. 除非你被邀请,否则你不应该来参加他的宴会。 ④在 as, as if, as though 引导的让步状语从句中。 ④He did as (he had been) told. 他按照被告知的那样去做了。 He paused as if (he was) expecting her to speak. 他停下来,好像是在期待她说话。 ⑤在 as(so)... as..., than 引导的比较状语从句中。 ⑤He did as (he had been) told. 他按照被告知的那样去做了。 He paused as if (he was) expecting her to speak. 他停下来,好像是在期待她说话。 I know you can do better than he (can do). 我知道你能比他做得更好。 This car doesn't run as fast as that one (does). 这辆小车不及那辆跑得快。

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十五、倒装句 类 型 情 况 Not a word did I say to him. 句首状语为否定词或半否定词的句子。 这类词或短语主要有 never, neither, nor, little,seldom,rarely,hardly,scarcely,no sooner, not only,in no way,at no time,few, not,no 等 Never have I found him so happy. Little does he care about what I said. I can?t swim. Neither can he. No sooner had he gone to bed than he fell asleep. Hardly/Scarcely had he gone to bed when he fell asleep. Only by this means is it possible to explain it. (介词短语) Only then did I realize the importance of math. (副词) 部分倒装 (部分倒装 是把 be 动词、 情态动词、 助 动词放到主 语之前。 如果 句子中没有 这些词,要在 主语之前加 助 动 词 /did Not until 放在句首,从句不倒装,主句倒装 do/does so 或 so 引导的短语放在句首,要部分倒装 “Not only+分句,but also+分句”句型中的前 一分句要部分倒装“Not only + 分句,but also + 分句”句型中的前一分句要部分倒装 only+状语放在句首,要部分倒装 Only when the war was over in 1918 was he able to get happily back to work. (从句) 注意:如果 only 后面不是状语,则不用倒装。 OnlyWang Ling knows this. I saw the film, so did she. So loudly did he speak that even people in the next room could hear him. Not only does John love Chinese, he is also good at speaking it. 但 not only...but also...连接主语时,不倒装。 Not only the mother but also the children are sick. Not until last week did they find the lost bike. (简单句) Not until my son had entered the university did he realize the importance of time. (复合句) Proud as these nobles are, he?s afraid to see me. Tired as he was, he kept on running. as/though 引导的让步状语从句 Tired though he was, he kept on running. =Though he was tired,he kept on running Child as he is,he knows a lot.(注意:child 前没有冠词 a) 在以 often, well, many a time, now and again 等方式或频度副词(短语)开头的句子中,要 用部分倒装结构 在虚拟结构中,条件从句的谓语含有 were, had 和 should 这三个词是,可省去 if,将 这些词移至主语之前。 用于某些表示祝愿的句子里 There be 结构。另外,在此结构中可以用来 代替 be 动词的动词有:exist, seem, happen, appear,live, rise, stand 等 Many a time has John given me good advice. Often have we made that test. Had I time (= If I had time), I would go and help you. Were I you (= If I were you), I would go abroad. Should he come (=If he should come), tell him to ring me up. May you succeed! There stood a dog before him. There exist different opinions on this question. Here comes the old lady! “Here,There, Now, Then + come (或 be 等) + 主语” 结构 说明:本句型中 there 是副词,应重读,强调地 点。 而前一句型中的 there 是引导词,本身没 意义 Then came the hour we had been looking forward to. There comes the bus. Now comes your turn. 除了 then 引导的句子用过去式以外,其余的均用一般现在时,表示一种生 动的描述。其次,如果主语是人称代词,就不用倒装。 Here you are. There she comes. 完全倒装 表示方向的副词 out, in, up, down 等置于句 首,要用全部倒装。 表示地点的介词短语 (如 on the wall, under the tree, in front of the house,in the middle of the room 等)放在句首时,要全部倒装 In came Mr White. Up went the arrow into the air. Away went the boy. On the top of the hill stands a pine tree. In front of the classroom is a playground. They arrived at a house, in front of which sat an old man. Present at the meeting was Mr. Green, a headmaster.(形容词短语) Such was the story he told me.(代词) 其它形式的完全倒装 East of the city lies a new railway. (副词短语) First to be completed was the seven-storey teaching building. (不定式短语) Gone are the days when my heart was young and gay. (过去分词) Lying on the floor was a boy aged 15. (现在分词短语) 用于某些表示祝愿的句子里 Long live the People?s Republic of China! 例 句

等,而把原来 的谓语动词 变成原形放 在 主 语 之 后。 )

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什么北京 XX 高分突破,60 分钟高考英语提分秘诀,2012 高分核按纽,选择 题高分模板等层出不穷,到底哪个才有效啊?与吴军高分密码有什么区别? 有的用名头砸人(比如用北京或上海英语学科带头人,参加过高考出题,享受国务院特殊津贴等作为卖点) ;有的 用卖成功学陈 XX 那样的文字广告框人;有的干脆模仿或照抄相关广告文案去骗人,甄别起来,还真是有点困难!

真想区别开来,其实是可以找到答案的: 骗子是很好鉴别的, 一是可以让您的孩子问一些高考英语中阅读和完型很具体的问题, 看他或她回答的如何?另外, 骗子一般都不留自己的联络地址和电话号码,只留邮箱,QQ 号码和银行卡号,让你被骗之后无从寻找。另外,他们还 会承诺,不满意,可以退回资料,马上退款,还负责汇款手续费,让你觉得深信不已!其实,仔细想一想,资料都暴漏 了,谁拿到后都可以马上复印,若可以退的话,岂不是所有人都可以免费拿到资料了吗? 比如,2011 年高考的时候就有人假借吴军老师的名义实施骗局!他在网上贴吧和博客上出卖的教案根本不是吴军的 核心授课教案,是免费公益版的;另外淘宝网上卖的也是假的,是武汉某某在沈阳吴军高分英语家教网站上或百度文库,英 语周报英语教师网及新浪爱问共享资料上免费下载的,是可以免费得到的,然而他却卖你 3000 元,但其并非吴军本人核心 授课教案!声明:没有与沈阳吴军本人联络,且未将款项打入沈阳吴军个人银行帐号的交易与吴军无任何关系,其后果自负! 已经上当的家长,请看一下你得到的是类似如下吴军高分教案吗? 不要图便宜,还是与吴军本人亲自交易吧!

辨别有没有效,好不好使,其实方法也很简单:一要看你教的学生是不是真实的? 广告中提分的学员是否留有学校, 班级和学生真实姓名及提分幅度?这样一来,知道了班级和姓名就很容易核实了,不符则可称为诈骗,可追究法律责任! 不 敢留学生真实姓名,只是写上张某某(或从别处粘贴了外地高考状元的照片)并随意说提了 50 分是不可信的,目的也是可想 而知!吴军英语的广告中声称的提分效果,都写明了学校班级和学生姓名及提分幅度,是可信的,也是敢于让公众监督的! 比如,吴军英语关于提分在其官网上是这么写的:

2011 吴军高分英语高考成绩公告
李晨晖 沈阳 2 中 2011 届高三考生,考生号:11210103151002,总分:651 分,理科,预估一本线重点大学,来吴军高分英语前 110-120 分,本次高考英语成 绩为 127 分; 杨嘉睿 东北育才双语 2011 届高三 4 班考生,考生号:11210102111097,总分:559 分, 理科,预估一本线,来吴军高分英语前 120 分,本次高考英语成绩为 130 分; 胡兢元 沈阳 4 中 2011 届高三考生,考生号:11210106110544,总分:531 分,文科,预估二本线,来吴军高分英语前 89 分,本次高考英语成绩为 111 分; 鲁菲 沈阳 120 中 7 班 2011 届高三考生,考生号:11210105110762,总分:544 分, 理科,预估一本线,来吴军高分英语前 110 分,考前共学 5 课,本次高考 英语成绩为 119 分; 许译 鲁美附中高三 1 班 2011 届高三文科艺考生,考生号:11210104130303,总分:409 分,目前看来,其专业分高,100%可考入鲁美,来吴军高分英语前 50 分左右,本次高考英语成绩为 85 分;7 月 11 日获悉,已被一批本科鲁迅美术学院摄影专业录取! 宁莹莹 鲁美附中高三 3 班 2011 届高三文科艺考生,考生号:11210702130017,总分:372 分,目前看来专业分极高(工业设计前几名),99.9%可考入鲁美, 来吴军高分英语前 30 分左右,通过吴军高分英语资料及 10 次冲刺课,成绩大幅提高,本次高考英语成绩为 67 分,险过英语小分;7 月 11 日获悉,已被一批本 科鲁迅美术学院工业设计专业录取! 黄钰乔 沈阳 27 中高三 13 班 2011 届高三艺考生,考生号:11210105130331,总分:495 分,目前看来文化课分数较高,可考入鲁美或央美院校,来吴军高分 英语前 70 分左右,本次高考英语成绩为 98 分;7 月 11 日获悉,已被一批本科鲁迅美术学院艺术设计专业录取! 卢涵 沈阳铁路中学高三 11 班 2011 届高三艺考生,考生号:11210105130901,总分:496 分,目前看来文化课分数较高,可考入中国传媒大学南广学院,

来吴军高分英语前 70 分左右,本次高考英语成绩为 103 分; 姜艾丽 李奕宣 沈阳铁路中学高三 6 班 2011 届高三艺考生,考生号:11210102152394,来吴军高分英语前接近 90 分,本次高考英语成绩为 115 分; 沈阳同泽女中学高三 3 班 2011 届高三艺考生,考生号:112101053130422,总分:493 分,目前看来文化课分数较高,7 月 17 日获悉,其已被天津

师范大学传播与主持艺术专业录取,来吴军高分英语前 70 分左右,本次高考英语成绩为 100 分; 宫健翔 沈阳 1 中 2011 届高三毕业生 2 班 考生号:11210103110031,7 月 13 日上午获悉,在吴军老师处英语分提了 20 多分,使总分达到了一批提前录 取的公安海警学院分数线以上,被部队后勤管理专业录取,表示祝贺! 李鑫瑜 同泽女中高三 2 班 考生号:11210103130437,高考最后 5 天来吴军老师处学习,经过几课的强化学习,英语成绩迅速上升 30 多分,最终被 二本鞍山师范大学艺术设计专业录取!

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鲁湛 沈阳 11 中 12 班 2011 届高三考生,考生号:11210105150640, 理科,预估二本线,来吴军高分英语前 80-90 分,考前共学 5 课,本次高考英语成绩为 101 分. ………………………………………………………………………………….. 排名不分先后(更多吴军亲授考生分数信息,请亲临查询!),吴军亲授考生共 83 人参加了 2011 年高考,去掉一个最高分东北育才本部 137 分,去掉一个艺考 最低分(临时只学了 7 次课,来时 33 分,本次高考 61 分),平均提分 31.5 分!

2011 吴军高分英语中考成绩公告
2011 年沈阳高分英语家教吴军亲授中考生学员共计 39 人,140 分以上占 97.17%;130-140 之间为 0%;120-130 之间占 2.73%,没有 120 分以下的。其中 21 人达到了 145 分或以上,有“两匹黑马”值得一提,他们一个是辽宁省实验中学北校区初三 8 班的杨淇,另一位是沈阳 7 中初三 21 班的童俊豪,他们来吴军老师 这儿学习时均为 120 分或以下,本次 2011 年沈阳中考英语成绩均达到了 146 分。 姜萧栩 沈阳雨田中学初三 2 班 考号:061020116 总分:738 分,本次 2011 年沈阳中考英语成绩为 145 分;

杨淇 辽宁省实验中学北校区初三 8 班 考号:051008906 总分:731 分,本次 2011 年沈阳中考英语成绩为 146 分; 王一乾 沈阳雨田中学初三 2 班 袁若琳 沈阳雨田中学初三 1 班 考号:061020406 考号:061021102 总分:725 分,本次 2011 年沈阳中考英语成绩为 146 分; 总分:728 分,本次 2011 年沈阳中考英语成绩为 144 分;

童俊豪 沈阳 7 中初三 21 班 考号:031009521 张天爱 沈阳雨田中学初三 1 班 陈皓宸 沈阳雨田中学初三 3 班 于子寒 沈阳南昌中学初三 6 班 中考英语成绩为 127 分;

总分:724 分,本次 2011 年沈阳中考英语成绩为 146 分; 总分:723.6 分,本次 2011 年沈阳中考英语成绩为 144 分; 来吴军老师这儿学习时成绩为 80-90 分,本次 2011 年沈阳中考英语成绩为 122 分; 中考前接近最后一个多月才找到吴军老师,来吴老师这儿学习时成绩为 110-120 分,本次 2011 年沈阳

考号:061019414 考号:061017527 考号:021013316

上面面列举一些学员成绩清单,今天 7 月 8 日可以通过登录沈阳招生考试网(www.syzsks.com)、东北新闻网(www.nen.com.cn),点击“2011 年沈阳市中考成绩查询”图标,免费查询考试各科成绩和总分,也可自愿拨打 16898999 声讯台查询考试各科成绩和总分,来确认我们发布成绩的真实性。排 名不分先后,更多吴军亲授考生分数信息,请亲临查询!

“当时学习,当时提分”的超实战家教! 抚顺 2 中的徐金良同学,来时成绩是 71 分左右, 2009 年高考成绩为 117 分;沈阳 4 中的刘洪鹏同学 来时成绩是 46 分, 2009 年高考成绩 为 100 分; 黑山 1 中的高三刘璐同学来时成绩是 50-70 分, 2010 年高考成绩为 113 分!………………………. 孩子从小学开始,学习英语已经多年,孩子天天背单词、做习题、记笔记,做过的卷子岂止几百套,上千套,那么孩子的英语成绩 一直在稳步提高吗?还是一直没有提高,甚至越学越落后、越学越迷茫?如果孩子的英语成绩一直提高不了,如果孩子一直抓不住重点、 找不到感觉,就来找 “神奇”的吴军老师吧!在这里孩子马上就会体验到英语学习成绩“突飞猛进”的快乐!在这里一天提高几十分的孩子 比比皆是!输入"沈阳英语家教吴军"查询!

鲁美附中、沈音附中 7 人全部考取国本! 热烈庆祝吴军一对一家教学员---2010 届鲁美附中 1 班王巨龙、冯潇潇,沈音附中李同学(女,不愿公开全名)及沈阳 2 中补习班姜 雯悦等 7 人考取鲁美和沈阳音乐学院! 为什么一个英语烂到家的学生, 在不到 2-3 个月内成绩突飞猛进?为什么英语基础几乎为零的学生 经过他辅导 10 到 20 次课,成绩就能迅速提升 30-70 多分?走捷径考高分的窍门是什么?沈阳高端英语快速提分名师吴军老师将为您咨 询谜底。艺术类国本,英语小分很关键!9 年的高分经验能成就了他们,同样也可以成就暂时停止成功的你!

只学习 5-10 次课,英语成绩就提高了 30 多分! 能接触到吴军老师《英语高分密码》的人太幸运了!如何把握中心,猜测题意,一听就会!融会贯通,举一反三!沈阳 83 中高二的 金柏岑同学来时成绩是 82 分, 2010 年学习 5 次课后的期末成绩为 108 分; 现就读于沈阳 4 中高二文科班的胡兢元同学来时成绩是 91 分, 13 次课后的期末成绩为 125 分; 现就读于皇姑区沈阳 10 中高一的高雅慧同学来时成绩是 90 分左右, 2010 年高一下学期期中考试的成绩为 127 分;现就读于沈阳东北育才高中本部高二的戴冠宇同学来时成绩是 107 分,学习后的成绩稳定在 125-140 分之间,最好成绩是由倒数到班 里前 6 名。输入"沈阳英语家教吴军"查询!
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2010 年沈阳中考距离满分竟然只差了 7 分! 2010 届杏坛中学初三 6 班的周千会同学(女) 2010 年沈阳市铁西区一模才 120 分左右,其中一大半还是?懵?来的。跟吴军老师学 , 习 3-4 次后,自己很快找到了英语学习的感觉,好像一下子容易了很多,二模考了 135 分。10 次课后,中考距离满分竟然只差了七分, 考了 143 分。她说没想到她的最高纪录竟然创造在 2010 年沈阳中考中!输入"沈阳英语家教吴军"查询!

2010 中考冲刺,没想到效果居然这么好! 2010 届 43 中学初三 13 班的李圣同学(男) ,初三后成绩与其他同学突然拉大,成绩一直在 80 分左右,很少达到及格线 90 分,对自 己没有信心,对英语家教更是排斥。跟吴军老师学习 20 次后,虽与好学生还有 5-7 分的差距,但又找到了初一前十名时的感觉。2010 年 沈阳中考虽然发挥不算理想(非选择手写部分基础不好) ,也达到了 129 分!输入"沈阳英语家教吴军"查询!

育才直升考试,年年保过! 2011 届育才双语初二 7 班刘露阳,原来英语成绩在班里十六七名左右,通过吴军 2011 育才分流英语高分系统提前直升学习,目前已 稳定在前 5-6 名以内, 2011 年上学期期末总成绩在育才双语全校排名上升到第 60 名!

沈阳英语家教吴军与其他提分教案第二不同之处是: 吴军敢于将一些研究成果展示给想要买的人尝试: http://www.sypeterwu.com/cn/call_view.asp?id=62 , 而很多高分突破的广告除了吹嘘高抬某些知名人物之外,只有诱惑的广告汉语文字!而吴军高分密码全部以纸质的 文字材料输送给大家,而不是光盘,若是授课内容都是光盘的话,这与上大课有什么区别?

让您第一次课就提 10 分!20 次课提 25-62 分! 模棱两可处和看不懂,该怎么办?
要知道,如果对文章似懂非懂,那么,在文章中寻找答案线索就像大海捞针一样的难,更谈不上做对题!吴军英语高分密码将会告诉 你此类瞬间解题秘诀,帮助你辨识选项中的诸多暗示点,瞬间找出正确答案,或者瞬间排除错误选项.请记住!在英语完型填空和阅读理解题 的选项中,从头到尾都充满了暗示点,善于利用这些暗示点,可以快速做对题! 无论任何人,在考试中,总会遇到吃不准选项的题,或可 以称之为不会做的“难题”,那么, 如果遇到“难题”, 你会怎办?是放弃?不可能, 怎么着也要“猜”出一个答案!那么, 是“瞎猜”吗?如果是“瞎 猜”,其正确率仅是 25%,是可想而知的低!那么,如何“猜”才能有高的准确率呢?如果我告诉你 N 个秘诀,让你在做“难题”时,猜出的答 案的准确率由 25%提高至 95%,甚至是 100%,你愿意继续看下去吗? 35. A. eat up B. deal with C. throw away D. send out

35 题在 B 和 C 模棱两可处到底选哪个? 当然选范围大的,能包括另一个的,即选 B. 再举个例子,假如 2010 年辽宁卷高考英语完形填空的 47 题,不知选哪个, 怎么办? As I found out, there is, 48 46 , often no perfect equivalence(对应)between two 49 47 in two languages. My aunt even goes so far as to

that a Chinese “equivalent” can never give you the 47. A. words B. names C. ideas

meaning of a word in English!

D. characters

很简单,选 A,勿须有任何的犹豫,为什么?复现法则!吴军英语高分密码会告诉你具体原因以及更多的解决“难题”的秘诀,都是非常的 简单和直接.请记住!遇到“难题”,即使“猜”答案,也要“猜”的有理有据,切勿盲目的“猜”! The moment he was about to 47 the hospital, he saw on the desk the 48 new book ,just as he had left it one 49 ago. 48. A much B still C hardly D quite

很简单,选 B,为什么?答案高频词汇倾向归纳让你笑逐颜开!

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高频形容词 \ 副词: suddenly, even, finally, first, last, again, also, however, though, although, yet, instead, even though, but, still 等. 吴军英语高分密码真的有这么神奇吗?是!一点儿没错!效果是绝对的真实!作为一种标准化考试,选择题本身是有很多缺陷的,这 些缺陷就是暗示点,就是解题的突破口!吴军英语高分密码通过对历年真题的长时间的研究,对这些暗示点进行了全面、深入、细致的挖 掘和整理,将其转化为超级解题秘诀! 每一个秘诀的准确率都在 95%以上,甚至是 100% 吴军英语高分密码,真正做到了立竿见影!甚至是一剑封喉!单选 280 个考点,42 个诀窍; 阅读 16 大满分攻略; 完形 36 绝招; 七选五 6 大原则; 改错 36 个规律;作文 4 大模板 6-8 页;不想考上一本、二本都很难!马上用吴 军英语高分密码对照历年所有的高考真题进行逐一的验证吧! 遇到吴军老师,您太幸运了!请上 www.sypeterwu.com 或上百度,输入"沈阳 英语家教吴军"查询!

沈阳英语家教吴军与其他提分教案第三不同之处是:吴军老师在网上知名度已经很高,您可以甚至查到他 2009 年 的很多资料,一直都是这么宣传的,口碑是非常好的,大家可以人肉搜索验证一下!另外,哈尔滨弘博翻译学院院长张 勇强老师(原哈尔滨新东方高中部骨干),湖南长沙高考英语出题预测专家杨靖老师,江西师范大学英语专业在职教师彭 志洪及江苏徐州昂立外语培训中心张正全老师等近 20 位高三教师,高端英语教师及英语专家已经加盟或与吴军老师进 行了战略合作!这些老师们的辨别能力可能会是最真实和准确的!

吴军高分英语密码已经发行了 2 年了,去年发行了 123 套,成交的价格 90%是 6 折 3000 元 成交的,目前反映很好!今年仅准备发行 300 套,定价为 3600 元。为了更广泛地为广大 2012 届高考生服务,前 100 套实行先付三分之一,高考结束后再付三分之二活动,即只要提供姓名 身份证好和详细的邮寄住址,只需支付 1200 元人民币就可以获得 2012 最新吴军高考英语高分 密码资料(阅读,完形,改错,特殊题型,单选高频考点及 2012 单选完形高频答案词) ,另外 2400 元请在高考结束后支付,您若没有提高 20 分以上,可以拒绝支付余款。因为我们 2011 年 高考已经取得了满意的成绩,所以敢于拿出 100 套做此活动,额满活动即可宣布结束!机会难 得,一定要 hold 住呦! 教学系统加盟合作费用自 2011 年 10 月 18 日起也将上调,B 套合作由原来的 3.8 万元上调为 4.5 万,全程合作由原来的 5 万元上调为 5.8 万. 预期 11 月中旬,2012 最新高分英语密码教系统 和 2012 高考英语 600 高频答案词+阅读六大系统答案特征满分功略即将出炉,年底前将取消 B 套 合作,全程合作价格将上涨到 8 万元,至此提前公告! 加盟教师系统教案与学生外卖版完全不同, 外卖版是浓缩版,仅是教师版的 1/50. 地址:铁西区启工街地铁口第一城 A 组团 3 号一层

唤起迅捷激情
透过已知信息

震撼学子心灵
推断未知信息

2012 高考英语完形圣经秘诀教案

不易策略,扫描选项,在万变中找到不变的规律! 简易策略,瞻前顾后,化繁为简,化难为易! 变易策略,左顾右盼,以变制变,熟能生巧!

首尾段首尾句,边做边看选项中与中心同现词或复现词!
28

扫描选项

同义词 / 同类词排除 高频答案词 相反项有解

同现 思路 瞻前顾后 复现 逻辑结构

左顾右盼

P 原则 关联结构

技巧归纳: 感情色彩 时态暗示法 动词综合法(主语/宾语是人是物? 及不及物?过程还是结果?......), ...... (略) 共 20 多项法则,交叉都指向同 一个答案才最准确! 满分策略: 五四运动法 串线交叉法 主线贯穿法, ......(略)

节选教案试看! 瞻前顾后 同现 复现 逻辑结构
同现
中心同现是指段落的首段的中心词或段落中反复出现的名词或名词词组,在被选空格内的句子中也重复出现或与其意思倾斜向;词汇 同现是指属于同一词汇搭配范畴或者某一领域的词汇在文章中共同出现,达到语义衔接的目的。一般来说,上下文中词汇的范畴越小, 上下文的衔接关系越紧密。 首段首句一般都是中心句,名词是核对重点! ?Then , mountain --- climbing began to grow popular as a sport. To some people, there is something greatly ___28____ about getting to the ___29____ of a high mountain: a struggle against nature is finer than a battle ___30____other human begins. And then , when you are at the mountain top after a long and difficult ____31____, what a ___32____ reward ( 奖品 ) it is to be able to look ___33___ on everything within ___34____! At such time , you feel happier and prouder than you can ever feel down ___35___. 与首尾句名词 动词 形容词 副词倾向! 28.A.excited 32.A.surprising B. interested B.excited C.dangerous C.disappointing D.terrible D.astonishing

?Dorothy Brown was very happy as she sat in the theatre listening to the music. Today her little daughter Lauren was giving her ___1___ concert. She had been waiting for this __2__ for years and years. “Now it is here at last,” she thought. “How beautiful her ___3___ is.” The song made her ___4___ to the days when she was Lauren?s ___5___. As a young ___6___, Dorothy wanted to be a concert singer. She studied ___7___ in France, Italy and in the United States. “You can become a fine ___8___ in the future,” her teachers told her. “But you must be ___9___ to study hard and work for many years. 3. A. voice 7. A. French 8. A. actress B. face B. music B. student C. dress C. piano C. singer D. life D. dance D. dancer K 抓住中心意思-----围绕什么话题 (在文章中出现频率最多的词) ?Every Thursday afternoon, my art history class meets not in our usual lecture hall ( 演讲厅 ) but in our university Art Museum. We spend our one-hour class discussing two or there of the ___1___, many of which are by artists that we have already studied in class. The professor begins
29

by selecting one ___2___ of art. After giving us a quick background on the artist , he will open up for class ___3___. 1. A. subjects B. paintings C. speeches D. lectures

仅有技巧和词汇是不够的,高频答案词及短语,是突破的关键!但相当多的具体情况和难以处理的选项,做起来还是有 些吃力,怎么办? 吴军老师刚刚出炉的 2012 高考英语完形暗示点全归纳将使您傲视群雄!

宾语从句是特殊疑问句 WH-或 whether/if 时,要选下列动词: ask, doubt, wonder, want to know, know, guess

答题选动词: 〖2011·全国新课标卷〗The professor 37 students to the 40 38 the lecture hall, placed upon his desk a large jar filled with dried beans(豆), and invited the shouts of wildly wrong guesses the professor smiled a thin, dry smile, announced an important lesson about science. D. watch

how many beans the jar contained. After 39

answer, and went on saying, “You have just 41 B. guess C. report

38. A.count

考察动词,或根据后文 wildly wrong guesses 的提示,考虑复现选 B。 反过来选 WH-或 whether/if: 〖2011·安徽卷〗One afternoon. I walked into a building to ask not to continue my job search in that 42 . 41. A. why B. wherever C. whether D. whenever 41 there were any job opportunities(机会),The people there advised me

一天,作者走进一座大楼去问“是否”(whether)有自己能做的工作。选 C。A 项为“为什么”;B 项为“无论在那”;D 项为“无论何时”

怎么样?这样做题快吗?

为了让您更加深信不疑,我们再免费发布一个法则,你可以马上用下列真题或你学校的模拟练习题来验证一下,好使, 就要赶紧预定呦!每省仅限定 10 套,额满即!止

正面的,积极的,肯定的, 还是负面的,消极的,否定的?
?“I’m sorry, but we have enough 27 for the newspaper already. Come back next year and we?ll talk then.” Jenna smiled “Why is high school so 29 ?” she sighed.
叹气 sighed 说明是勉强的,选消极的 weakly

28

and left.

28. A. widely

B. weakly 38

C. excitedly ,not to anyone in particular. C.carefully D.calmly

D. brightly

?Tired and sad,she told her story 38.A.tearfully B.seriously

?It seems funny that we are _40_ for things, with which we are unfamiliar or about which we are _41_, but we all, my friends as well as I, consider this one of life?s _42_ . 41. A. uncertain B. unhappy C. not pleased D. careful

〖2011·四川卷〗I truly feel that my mother led me here, to Morzaine, and to my future as a happy wife and businesswoman. When Mum 21 in October 2007, I was a cook.. In December that year. while I was working for a wedding, a pearl necklace Mum had left me distraught 忧心如焚的) ( .Some days later, I was he necklace he found.” 25 , he returned it. 22.A. burned B. disappeared C . broke D. dropped 23 22 . I was \24

that a guy who was working with us that day. “could probably have made a fortune

22 空就近 distraught(忧心如焚的)是负的,只有 disappear 是负的;burn 燃烧;break 打破;drop 降低,落下。有后文的我感到“忧心 如焚”及“归还”(return)可知此处是指项链丢失了。B

30

〖2011· 安徽卷〗 Nearly ten minutes later, he 45, He asked me about my plans and encouraged me to stay to Royal Oak to 47 a job. 积极的! I was a little surprised. but had a 48 feeling about him. Along the way ,I realized that I had 49

46

. Then he offered to take me

resumes(简历). Seeing this, the man 50 at

his business partner?s office to make me fifteen 51 copies. He also gave me some 52 on dressing and speaking. I handed out my resumes and went home feeling very 53 . The following day, I received a 54 from a store in Royal Oak offering me a job. 46. A. silent B. busy C. positive D. comfortable

他问了问我的打算,鼓励我要振作起来,不要灰心。选 C。A 项为“沉默不语的”;B 项为“忙绿的”;C 项为“积极乐观的,有信心的”; D 项为“舒适的,舒服的”。 48. A. dull B. good C. guilty D. general

作者对他的主动帮助感到有点惊奇,但是对他充满了“好感” (good feeling)。选 B。A 项为“阴暗的,无趣的”;C 项为“内疚的”;D 项 为“一般的,普通的”。 53. A. lonely B. funny C. disappointed D. satisfied

我分发完简历回到家感到非常“满意”(satisfied)。 D。 项为“寂寞的, 选 A 孤独的”; 项为“滑稽的, B 可笑的”; 项为“失望的, C 沮丧的”。

〖2011·四川卷〗Some days later, I was

23

that a guy who was working with us that day. “could probably have made a fortune Mum for six months before her death, he said, “Christmas is going to be

24 27

the necklace he found.” 25 , he returned it. Hearing how I?d 26 —why not go out to the Alps for a couple of weeks? 27.A.long B. hard C. merry

D. free

death.在 27 空附近是负的,B 项对应。在万家团圆的圣诞节,母亲刚去世,对我来说一定很难熬。B 吴军英语高分密码真的有这么神奇吗?是!一点儿没错!效果是绝对的真实!作为一种标准化考试,选择题本身是有很多缺陷的, 这些缺陷就是暗示点,就是解题的突破口!吴军英语高分密码通过对历年真题的长时间的研究,对这些暗示点进行了全面、深入、细致的 挖掘和整理,将其转化为超级解题秘诀! 每一个秘诀的准确率都在 95%以上,甚至是 100% 吴军英语高分密码,真正做到了立竿见影!甚至是一剑封喉!马上用吴军英语高分 密码对照历年所有的高考真题进行逐一的验证吧! 遇到吴军老师,您太幸运了! 请上 www.sypeterwu.com 或上百度,输入"沈阳高分英语家教吴军"查询!

现在预定吴军 2012 高考英语高分秘诀系统教案

巨划算!
2012 高考英语完形圣经秘诀教案 2012 高考英语 3 天提分秘诀教案 2012 高考英语高频答案词汇教案 2012 年 4 月初恢复原价! 原价 3200 元 原价 6000 元 原价 5000 元 现5折 现6折 现5折 1600 元 3600 元 2500 元

“值”言不讳
我们是高考高分英语的实践者; 我们是高考快速提分的挑战者; 我们是一群眼界开阔的国际人!

“笑”益无穷

加油,Come

迎接 2012 高考,我们信心十足!

on!

情人的眼:十本金牌教案 =火箭式提分!(好喜欢!)
冬天的梅花,非常耀眼.其实,梅花开的并不艳丽,只是因为你喜欢她,所以才心明眼亮.如果到了百花盛开的春天, 你能身在花丛眼不花,还能看到淡淡素素的梅花吗??
31

高考英语也经常遇到这种情景,有时已知条件非常之多,提供的信息诱惑也非常之泛.此时,你能“情有独钟”地筛 选出你需要的她吗??

诗人的心:洞穿作者、命题人思维轨迹!(高考漏题啦?!)
七品芝麻官,说的是这个官很小,就是芝麻那么小的一点. 《阿里巴巴》用“芝麻开门” ,讲的是“以小见大”. 就 是那点芝麻,竟把那个庞然大门给“点”开了. 以点成线、以点带面、两线交点、三线共点、还有顶点、焦点、极限点 等等,足以说明“点”的重要性. 要有诗人般的细心和灵感,发现这些隐藏起来的点!

英雄的胆:敢于呐喊,考试有捷径!(为时不晚!)
西餐宴上,摆着漂亮的什锦比萨. 众人虽然都在称好,但没有一人动手. 原来这东西罩在一个透明的“玻璃盒”里, 不知从哪儿打开,大家只好故作谦让,互相叫“请”.? 一小孩不顾礼节,拿着餐刀往“盒”上直戳,七戳,八戳,戳到了“玻璃盒”的花纹处,此时盒子竟像莲花一样自 动地启开了. 大家惊喜,夸这孩子有见识. 其实,这孩子的成功在他的“敢于一试” ,在试试中碰到了盒子的入口.? 高考英语何尝没遇上这种情境?我们有时苦心焦虑地寻找破题的入口,其实,自己此时正站在入题的大门口前,只 是不敢动手一试.吴军和张勇强老师不过是在日以继夜的研究教学过程中,发现了迅捷提分和满分密码的入口,进入后,不 断的深入而已!

侠客的剑: 推助满分的力量! (棒极了!)
关羽不同于诸葛. 诸葛是智星,靠着扇子;关羽是武士,用的大刀. “过关斩将”用这大刀, “水淹七军”用这大刀. 关羽的“切瓜分片”是什么意思?切者,七刀也,分者,八刀也!再难的高考英语完形和阅读题,经过这七刀、八刀, 最后不就粉碎了吗!强军高考英语暗示点全归纳,高频答案词一本通,阅读矩阵法则,完型胜经等 7 刀 8 剑将助您“过关 斩将” !

速度比完美更重要

思路比题海要有效

2012 高考英语阅读思维重现法则
强军英语满分体系主编:张勇强

无线索 1、题干无线索的推理 2、判断题 题干

答案 有线索

选项

主旨靠 定位

精确线索

模糊线索

用不同的词、不同的结构表达但和原文一样的内容

(数字、大写、专名、显性逻辑关系) 题干定位原则 1 数字、大写、专名 与主旨靠 原文找意思一样的内容

1 全文反复重复的内容 2 题干与原文貌离神合 3 使用原文的近义结构 主-- -被
32

人---物

2 逻辑关系 因 手段 条件 3 成分定位 4 主旨靠 5 找意思一致内容

果 目的 事实

选项定位

真---虚

陈述---倒装

4 使用原文、原词、原结构 5 使用原文的反说 6 使用原文的上义词、下义词、同一范畴词 7 使用原文的总结归纳 8 使用原文的分说例证

大忌: (只定位个别词、忽视题干、逻辑、成分)

张勇强阅读选项对比 36 计(部分节选)
1 内容相似 都排除
目前,高考英语选择题只能选取一个正确答案! 54. It can be inferred from the passage that___. A. no drugs have been found to treat the disease B. the alternative treatment is not easily available to most people A=B C. malaria has developed its ability to resist parasites D. nobody knows what will be the drug to treat the disease

2 内容相反 取其一
有一大汉,想进某屋. 门上并未加锁,但他久推不开,弄得满头大汗.? 后面传来一位小姐轻轻的声音: “先生别推,请向后拉! ”? 大汉真的向后一拉,果然门就轻轻地开了. 大汉奇怪地问: “这门上并没有写拉字,你怎么知道是拉门的呢?”? 小姐答: “因为我看到你推了半天,门还不动,那就只有拉了! ” 41.We can learn from the text that__________. A. email is less popular than the fax service B. the postal service has over the years become faster C. the postal service has over the years become slower D. the fax service has a history as long as the postal service does 74. We can learn from the text that the driver needs to stop for a break when his response time is _____. A. about 400 milliseconds C. over 500 milliseconds B. below 500 milliseconds B> <C D. about 4 minutes B> <C

73. The underlined phrase “the most vocal” in Paragraph 3 means __________. A. those who try their best to win B. those who value competition most highly C. those who are against competition most strongly B> <C D. those who rely on others most for success 80.The last paragraph implies that RFID technology A.will not be used for such matters as buying milk B.will be widely used, including for buying milk C.will be limited to communication uses D.will probably be used for pop music 63.According to the passage, listening only with ears may happen to us when____ A) we are emotionally tired B) we are physically disabled A> <C A> <B .

C) we are so interested in the topic
33

D) we are asked many questions

72.Q: There is unlikely any life on Venus because______. A.it has very thin atmosphere B.the surface temperature is too hot C.the weather is too cold D.it is extremely short of water B> <C

3 结构相似

取其一(有众多相同的词)

一时装模特,在表演时,自己笑了,台下一片喝彩声. 她自感成功,下去向老板索奖. 谁知老板不仅没奖,反而把她炒了. 冤枉不? 不冤枉! 模特二字, 特是幌子, 模是目的. 模特表演是不能笑的. 试想, 模特一笑, 只能显示模特本人的特色, 谁还去看她身上的服装呢? 所以,模特一笑,特在模掉!?

70. According to the study of Brown Medical School, ______. A. more than 6 million Americans distrust doctors B. only 1/10 of medical websites aim to make a profit C. about 1/10 of the websites surveyed are of high quality D. 72% of health websites offer incomplete and faulty facts E. 72. According to the text, Driver Alert _____. A. aims to reduce tiredness-related accidents B. has gone through testing at laboratories C. aims to prevent drivers from sleeping D. has been on sale for 12 months 69. When people suffer from Alzheimer”s disease, _______. A. their families and friends will suffer from the same disease B. their families and friends will experience mental sufferings C. they will certainly die in 8 to 10 years D. they will forget everybody but their spouses A≈B A≈C B≈C

16. The rapid-transit rail lines should ______. A. develop as quickly as possible C. develop after local economic development B. develop with local economic development D. develop with the construction industry B≈C

4 相对、绝对项

取其一

一群人到庙里上香,其中有一个聋子,还有一个小孩.? 上香完毕,发现小孩不见了.半天找不到影子后,大家来“问”这聋子.聋子把手一指,发现小孩藏在大钟底下,而且还在用手拍钟.大 家奇怪,连我们都没有听见小孩拍钟的声音,聋子怎么听着了呢?? 其实,大伙把事情想错了,聋子哪里听到了钟声,只是凭着他的亮眼,发现大钟底下是藏小孩的好地方.? 74.According to the passage, which of the following statements is TRUE? A.Mountaineering is a match between climbers. B.Mountaineering is similar to other sports in many ways. C 相对 D 绝对

C.Climbers work like a team when their lives may depend on a rope. D.Climbers help each other in time of difficulty.

52.According to the passage, the new treatment_________. A.can kill all the H1V viruses B.cannot get rid of the viruses completely
34

A 相对 B 绝对

C.can double the number of disease - fighting cells D.can reconstruct the patient's immune system

想了解更多满分秘诀,请立即购买张勇强编辑的 2012 高考英语阅读思维重现法则,尤其适合 100 分以上的高考生使 用!
强军英语高分密码真的有这么神奇吗?是!一点儿没错!效果是绝对的真实!作为一种标准化考试,选择题本身是有很多缺陷的, 这些缺陷就是暗示点,就是解题的突破口!吴军英语高分密码通过对历年真题的长时间的研究,对这些暗示点进行了全面、深入、细致的 挖掘和整理,将其转化为超级解题秘诀! 每一个秘诀的准确率都在 95%以上,甚至是 100% 吴军英语高分密码,真正做到了立竿见影!甚至是一剑封喉!马上用吴军英语高分 密码对照历年所有的高考真题进行逐一的验证吧! 遇到吴军老师,您太幸运了!

超级雷人的技巧

顶极给力的规律

2012 高考英语阅读矩阵法则(教案)
什么是矩阵法则?在复杂的阅读问题中,往往存在许多成对的质量因素.将这些成对因素找出来,分别排列成行和列,其交点就
是其相互关联的程度,在此基础上再找出存在的问题及问题的形态,从而找到解决问题的思路。

2012 高考英语如何才能“马”上成功?

努力+骑上一匹好马!

你和马赛跑,谁跑的快?当然是马!尤其是一匹可以成为冠军的快马!即使你没成为冠军,但因骑在“马”上,从而也非常接近成 功了! 众所周知,姚明因 NBA 火箭队这匹快马而星光璀璨! 您的孩子就如同刚刚加入 NBA 小牛队的易建联!

矩阵法则将使您的孩子

快速提分 学习信心

易如反掌! 建入佳境!
浮想联翩!

金榜题名 还记得吗?

吴军老师在 2011 年高考英语阅读中帮您解决了下列问题: 高考英语如何才能瞬间大幅度提分? 模棱两可处和看不懂,该怎么办?

2012 年将为您解密高考阅读标准答案设置规律:

矩阵法则

比如我给你三个矩阵法则序列,来选择下列无法定位的 2007 辽宁卷 58 题: 出题大概是按照顺序出的; 选项中被动结构的容易是答案; 找不到或找不全关键字无法确定出题点时,可按出题顺序,大致找到未出题的段落,然后看段首尾有没有段落中心句, 没有就看该段反复出现了哪个名词,含有它或与其意思倾向就是答案了.
What will people die of 100 years from now? If you think that is a simple question, you have not been paying attention to the revolution that is taking place in bio-technology(生物技术). With the help of new medicine, the human body will last a very long time. Death will come mainly from accidents, murder and war. Today's leading killers, such as heart diseases, cancer, and aging itself, will become distant memory. In discussion of technological changes, the Internet gets most of the attention these days. But the change in medicine can be the real
35

technological event of our times. How long can humans live? Human brains were known to decide the final death. Cells(细胞) are the basic units of all living things, and until recently, scientists were sure that the life of cells could not go much beyond 120 years because the basic materials of cells, such as those of brain cells, would not last forever. But the upper limits will be broken by new medicine. Sometime between 2050 and 2100, medicine will have advanced to the point at which every 10 years or so, people will be able to take medicine to repair their organs(器官). The medicine, made up of the basic building materials of life, will build new brain cells, heart cells, and so on---in much the same way our bodies make new skin cells to take the place of old ones. It is exciting to imagine that the advance in technology may be changing the most basic conditional human existence, but many technical problems still must be cleared up on the way to this wonderful future. 56.According to the passage, human death IS now mainly caused by____. A.diseases and aging C.accidents and aging B.accidents and war D.heart disease and war

57.In the author? s opinion, today?s most important advance in technology lies in____. 细节题可根据提干关键字到原文中定位! A.medicine B. the Internet C.brain cells D. human organ

58.Humans may live longer in the future because_____. A.heart disease will be far away from us B.human brains can decide the final death C.the basic materials of cells will last forever D.human organs can be repaired by new medicine 59.We can learn from the passage that ____. 推论在尾段,找不到就向中心靠拢,或找 but 句。 A.human life will not last more than 120 years in the future B.humans have to take medicine to build new skin cells now C.much needs to be done before humans can have a longer life D.we have already solved the technical problems in building new cells

发现此细节题通过关键字无法定位,但 57 和 59 题都解决了,发现第二大段没出题或只出了一个题,按出题顺序, 本问题 58 题应该定位在第二段。 通过选项中被动结构的容易是答案原则, 可定位 58 题 D 选项容易是答案! 然后划 D 项中的名词 medicine 和 organs, 到第二大段中去找。 发现 medicine 在第二大段中反复出现,即为中心词。当然就可以确定 D 是答案了!

我们刚刚出炉的 2012 高考英语阅读矩阵法则,因商业秘密而只能点到为止,欢迎懂英语的父母或其亲属认真考核, 从速折扣预定!

吴军英语高分密码真的有这么神奇吗?是!一点儿没错!效果是绝对的真实!作为一种标准化考试,选择题本身是 有很多缺陷的,这些缺陷就是暗示点,就是解题的突破口!吴军英语高分密码通过对历年真题的长时间的研究,对这些暗 示点进行了全面、深入、细致的挖掘和整理,将其转化为超级解题秘诀! 每一个秘诀的准确率都在 95%以上,甚至是 100% 吴军英语高分密码,真正做到了立竿见影!甚至是一剑封喉!马上 用吴军英语高分密码对照历年所有的高考真题进行逐一的验证吧! 遇到吴军老师,您太幸运了!

请上 www.sypeterwu.com 或上百度,输入"沈阳高分英语家教吴军"查询!

现在预定吴军 2012 高考英语高分秘诀系统教案
36

巨划算!
2012 高考英语阅读矩阵法则教案 2012 高考英语完形圣经秘诀教案 2012 高考英语 3 天提分秘诀教案 2012 高考英语高频答案词汇教案 2012 年 4 月初恢复原价! 原价 3200 元 原价 3200 元 原价 6000 元 原价 5000 元 现5折 现5折 现6折 现5折 1600 元 1600 元 3600 元 2500 元

唤起迅捷激情
透过已知信息

震撼学子心灵
推断未知信息

2012 高考英语完形圣经秘诀教案

不易策略,扫描选项,在万变中找到不变的规律! 简易策略,瞻前顾后,化繁为简,化难为易! 变易策略,左顾右盼,以变制变,熟能生巧!

首尾段首尾句,边做边看选项中与中心同现词或复现词! 扫描选项 同义词 / 同类词排除 高频答案词 相反项有解

同现 思路 瞻前顾后 复现 逻辑结构

左顾右盼

P 原则 关联结构

技巧归纳: 感情色彩 时态暗示法 动词综合法(主语/宾语是人是物? 及不及物?过程还是结果?......), ...... (略) 共 20 多项法则,交叉都指向同 一个答案才最准确! 满分策略: 五四运动法 串线交叉法 主线贯穿法, ......(略)

节选教案试看! 瞻前顾后 同现 复现 逻辑结构
同现
中心同现是指段落的首段的中心词或段落中反复出现的名词或名词词组,在被选空格内的句子中也重复出现或与其意思倾斜向;词汇 同现是指属于同一词汇搭配范畴或者某一领域的词汇在文章中共同出现,达到语义衔接的目的。一般来说,上下文中词汇的范畴越小, 上下文的衔接关系越紧密。
37

首段首句一般都是中心句,名词是核对重点! ?Then , mountain --- climbing began to grow popular as a sport. To some people, there is something greatly ___28____ about getting to the ___29____ of a high mountain: a struggle against nature is finer than a battle ___30____other human begins. And then , when you are at the mountain top after a long and difficult ____31____, what a ___32____ reward ( 奖品 ) it is to be able to look ___33___ on everything within ___34____! At such time , you feel happier and prouder than you can ever feel down ___35___. 与首尾句名词 动词 形容词 副词倾向! 28.A.excited 32.A.surprising B. interested B.excited C.dangerous C.disappointing D.terrible D.astonishing

?Dorothy Brown was very happy as she sat in the theatre listening to the music. Today her little daughter Lauren was giving her ___1___ concert. She had been waiting for this __2__ for years and years. “Now it is here at last,” she thought. “How beautiful her ___3___ is.” The song made her ___4___ to the days when she was Lauren?s ___5___. As a young ___6___, Dorothy wanted to be a concert singer. She studied ___7___ in France, Italy and in the United States. “You can become a fine ___8___ in the future,” her teachers told her. “But you must be ___9___ to study hard and work for many years. 3. A. voice 7. A. French 8. A. actress B. face B. music B. student C. dress C. piano C. singer D. life D. dance D. dancer K 抓住中心意思-----围绕什么话题 (在文章中出现频率最多的词) ?Every Thursday afternoon, my art history class meets not in our usual lecture hall ( 演讲厅 ) but in our university Art Museum. We spend our one-hour class discussing two or there of the ___1___, many of which are by artists that we have already studied in class. The professor begins by selecting one ___2___ of art. After giving us a quick background on the artist , he will open up for class ___3___. 1. A. subjects B. paintings C. speeches D. lectures

仅有技巧和词汇是不够的,高频答案词及短语,是突破的关键!但相当多的具体情况和难以处理的选项,做起来还是有 些吃力,怎么办? 吴军老师刚刚出炉的 2012 高考英语完形暗示点全归纳将使您傲视群雄!

宾语从句是特殊疑问句 WH-或 whether/if 时,要选下列动词: ask, doubt, wonder, want to know, know, guess

答题选动词: 〖2011·全国新课标卷〗The professor 37 students to the 40 38 the lecture hall, placed upon his desk a large jar filled with dried beans(豆), and invited the shouts of wildly wrong guesses the professor smiled a thin, dry smile, announced an important lesson about science. D. watch

how many beans the jar contained. After 39

answer, and went on saying, “You have just 41 B. guess C. report

38. A.count

考察动词,或根据后文 wildly wrong guesses 的提示,考虑复现选 B。 反过来选 WH-或 whether/if: 〖2011·安徽卷〗One afternoon. I walked into a building to ask not to continue my job search in that 42 . 41. A. why B. wherever C. whether D. whenever 41 there were any job opportunities(机会),The people there advised me

一天,作者走进一座大楼去问“是否”(whether)有自己能做的工作。选 C。A 项为“为什么”;B 项为“无论在那”;D 项为“无论何时”

怎么样?这样做题快吗?

为了让您更加深信不疑,我们再免费发布一个法则,你可以马上用下列真题或你学校的模拟练习题来验证一下,好使, 就要赶紧预定呦!每省仅限定 10 套,额满即!止

正面的,积极的,肯定的, 还是负面的,消极的,否定的?
38

?“I’m sorry, but we have enough 27 for the newspaper already. Come back next year and we?ll talk then.” Jenna smiled “Why is high school so 29 ?” she sighed.
叹气 sighed 说明是勉强的,选消极的 weakly

28

and left.

28. A. widely

B. weakly 38

C. excitedly ,not to anyone in particular. C.carefully D.calmly

D. brightly

?Tired and sad,she told her story 38.A.tearfully B.seriously

?It seems funny that we are _40_ for things, with which we are unfamiliar or about which we are _41_, but we all, my friends as well as I, consider this one of life?s _42_ . 41. A. uncertain B. unhappy C. not pleased D. careful

〖2011·四川卷〗I truly feel that my mother led me here, to Morzaine, and to my future as a happy wife and businesswoman. When Mum 21 in October 2007, I was a cook.. In December that year. while I was working for a wedding, a pearl necklace Mum had left me distraught 忧心如焚的) ( .Some days later, I was he necklace he found.” 25 , he returned it. 22.A. burned B. disappeared C . broke D. dropped 23 22 . I was \24

that a guy who was working with us that day. “could probably have made a fortune

22 空就近 distraught(忧心如焚的)是负的,只有 disappear 是负的;burn 燃烧;break 打破;drop 降低,落下。有后文的我感到“忧心 如焚”及“归还”(return)可知此处是指项链丢失了。B

〖2011· 安徽卷〗 Nearly ten minutes later, he 45, He asked me about my plans and encouraged me to stay to Royal Oak to 47 a job. 积极的! I was a little surprised. but had a 48 feeling about him. Along the way ,I realized that I had 49

46

. Then he offered to take me

resumes(简历). Seeing this, the man 50 at

his business partner?s office to make me fifteen 51 copies. He also gave me some 52 on dressing and speaking. I handed out my resumes and went home feeling very 53 . The following day, I received a 54 from a store in Royal Oak offering me a job. 46. A. silent B. busy C. positive D. comfortable

他问了问我的打算,鼓励我要振作起来,不要灰心。选 C。A 项为“沉默不语的”;B 项为“忙绿的”;C 项为“积极乐观的,有信心的”; D 项为“舒适的,舒服的”。 48. A. dull B. good C. guilty D. general

作者对他的主动帮助感到有点惊奇,但是对他充满了“好感” (good feeling)。选 B。A 项为“阴暗的,无趣的”;C 项为“内疚的”;D 项 为“一般的,普通的”。 53. A. lonely B. funny C. disappointed D. satisfied

我分发完简历回到家感到非常“满意”(satisfied)。 D。 项为“寂寞的, 选 A 孤独的”; 项为“滑稽的, B 可笑的”; 项为“失望的, C 沮丧的”。

〖2011·四川卷〗Some days later, I was

23

that a guy who was working with us that day. “could probably have made a fortune Mum for six months before her death, he said, “Christmas is going to be

24 27

the necklace he found.” 25 , he returned it. Hearing how I?d 26 —why not go out to the Alps for a couple of weeks? 27.A.long B. hard C. merry

D. free

death.在 27 空附近是负的,B 项对应。在万家团圆的圣诞节,母亲刚去世,对我来说一定很难熬。B 吴军英语高分密码真的有这么神奇吗?是!一点儿没错!效果是绝对的真实!作为一种标准化考试,选择题本身是有很多缺陷的, 这些缺陷就是暗示点,就是解题的突破口!吴军英语高分密码通过对历年真题的长时间的研究,对这些暗示点进行了全面、深入、细致的 挖掘和整理,将其转化为超级解题秘诀! 每一个秘诀的准确率都在 95%以上,甚至是 100% 吴军英语高分密码,真正做到了立竿见影!甚至是一剑封喉!马上用吴军英语高分 密码对照历年所有的高考真题进行逐一的验证吧! 遇到吴军老师,您太幸运了!

请上 www.sypeterwu.com 或上百度,输入"沈阳高分英语家教吴军"查询!

号外!想揭秘高考出题者的答案最爱吗?想毫无顾忌地秒杀正确答案吗?梦想今天就可以成真!联想记忆法,词根记
39

忆法,记忆树学词汇和右脑记忆法是挺好的,但就是学起来太累!而且还与答题语境和正确选项无关!好不容易记住了,考试 却选错了!付出了 100%却得不到 5%的回报!另外,有些知名的英语考试专家,虽然发现了很多规律,但相当部分都是太 复杂,好比又多学了一科哲学课程。那么,有没有既简单又易理解,还能在考试中立竿见影的学习秘诀呢? 继沈阳吴军老师 2011-2012 年推出的高分密码后,2012 年他又创意出高考英语高频答案词一本通教案。这套系统教 案在发布高频答案词的同时, 又大量加入了 11 年来高考真题和模拟题做为考例并做出详尽的辨析和解析, 另外还设计了 过关试题并配备了答案。可以说,它是目前最简单,最迅捷的正确答案确认方式!学习不到考纲 1/6 词汇(还没有中考的词 汇多) ,就使 60-110 分的同学和艺考生再也不会有“背得慢”、“背了老忘”和“老背不完”等老难题。不读文章直接做题,准 确率 80%以上;只读一遍,准确率达到 95%!再配合语境答题技巧,准确率达到 100%也不再是梦!解决了同学们“做题 慢、浪费时间”和“准确率低”等困难。

2011 年末吴军高分英语巨献,2012 高考提分最快、最 in

2012 高考英语高频答案词 高频考点 必考点

高频答案词一本通
目录: 一、单选、完形高频答案词 二、高频句型核心词 三、高频核心短语(以介词和副词为中心) 四、语法考点高频答案词 五、阅读词汇题及完形熟词僻义高频考点 六、吴军 2012 高考英语必考点解密 七、阅读高频答案词及其核心特征
完形高频答案词 可快速向标准答案靠拢!解决“发挥不稳定”及“看不懂短文或看懂了还错”的两大难题。 知道了第一类
高频答案词就可以马上秒杀答案, 知道了第二类高频答案词,可快速缩小范围,在剩余两项中结合 2012 吴军高考英语高分密码快速对比,迅 速做答! drop 落下,掉下; 丢下,扔下 (2011·全国新课标卷) “I remember feeling small and course that afternoon,and I haven?t gone near science since.” 55. A. dropped (2011·湖南卷)My B. started 37 C. passed D. missed 38 her books out of her 54 ,” the woman says,“and I did the only thing I could do.I 55 the

came one morning when I was in the community library. I passed by a girl who

locker .Thinking like most that someone else would help her pick them up, I continued my way. 38. A. took B. dropped C. got D. pulled

不管备选项是什么词,最终的答案始终是 dropped, 您可以再试试更早的高考真题,领悟会更深!当然也可以多试一些正规的市级以上的 模拟试题,可能意想不到的惊喜在等着您! eventually =finally =at last 最后 (2011·湖北卷)Then after receiving a company. 42. A. gradually B. actually C. eventually D. naturally 41 from Saint Francis University, she got a job at an insurance firm and 42 started her own

(2009·北京)The day __50_ came when James counted his money and found $ 94. 32. He _51__ no time and went down to the shop to pick up the bicycle he wanted. 50. A. finally B. instantly C. normally D. regularly
40

(2008·山东)I would like to thank all of you who made the effort and these,when employees so clearly show their 51 50.A.hardly B.casually to their jobs.Thank you.

50

reported to work.It is always reassuring (令人欣慰),at times like

C.absolutely

D.eventually

再试了这个后,你同样可以发现红花词还是我们总结的 eventually 或 finally,其他的都是绿叶词,欲想知道更多的一类秒杀高频答案词当 然要预定 2012 吴军高频答案词一本通喽!

现在再看一下第二类高频答案词:realize 97%是完形答案,recognize 是三类高频词,同时出现时要小心,应适当对比一下: (2010· 全国Ⅰ)Now I 51 that in marriages, true love is 52 of all that, The happiest people don?t 53 have the best of everything; they just 54 the best of everything they have .55 isn?t about how to live through the storm, but how to dance in the rain. 51. A. realize B. suggest C. hope D. prove

(2008· 四川)When I was a child,my desire to win 34 me well.As a parent,I 35 that it got in my way.So I had to change. 35.A.realized B.apologized C.imagined D.explained 48 in the program as "Student Art Assistant" because of the time

(2010· 北京)The shy, quiet freshman achieved success that year. I was and effort I'd put in. It was that year that I 48. A. introduced 49. A. confirmed B. recognized B. decided 49

I wanted to spend the rest of my life doing stage design. C. identified C. realized D. considered D. acknowledged

2010· 北京高考英语卷中 recognized 和 realized 分别在不同的选项,当然各选各的啦!关键是他们有时会同时出现,比如下面的 2009 年高 考英语辽宁卷,那该怎么办? (2009· 辽宁) He did not contact(联系)his father for a whole year 45 one day he saw in the street an old man who looked like his father. He 46 he bad to go back home and see his father. 46. A learned B realized 接事 C recognized 接人 D admitted

2009 年高考英语辽宁卷就出现了这种情况,不过没关系,我们在一本通教案中都做了相关词汇的辩析,就如同上面的一样,很容易就知道 答案是 B 啦! 为了让您深信不疑,我们再举个例子, decide 95%是完形答案, know 是三类高频词, 2011 年福建卷和 2010 年辽宁卷毫无疑问选了 decided. 关键是 2009 年辽宁卷 decide 和 know 两个词都出现了,该怎么办? (2011·福建卷)When arriving in Canada in 2008,she had one 37 what I do ,like so many who come to a new Country,” she said .”I 39 39. A. demanded B. decided C. agreed ;to have what she had back Home in Colombia.”I didn?t want to myself properly.” 38

to open a store here in Canada but knew I had to 40 D. hesitated

(2010· 辽宁)I really wondered why my aunt __43_ to make things so difficult for me. Now, after studying English at university for three years, I _44__ that monolingual dictionaries are __45_ in learning a foreign language 43.A.offered B.agreed C.decided D.happened

(2009·辽宁)A young man was getting ready to graduate from college. For many months he had 36 a beautiful sports car in a dealer?s showroom, and 37 his father could well 38 it, he told him that was all he wanted. 37. A finding B proving C deciding D knowing

此题找到主语即动作发出者 he 时,代入两个词,He D.

his father……,他决定他父亲还是他知道他父亲?当然知道通顺了,很快突破,选了

词汇单选高频答案词 主要考词汇辩析,吴老师教你另类答题方法!
actually = in fact =as a matter of fact 事实上 强调时或看到插入语 I think, I believe, there is 时,选 in fact 或 actually. ?As I found out, there is, 46. A. at least 46 , often no perfect equivalence(对应)between two B. in fact C. at times D. in case 47 in two languages. 强调!

suddenly 突然, 只要选项里出现,一般都是答案! ?What laughing 42 we had about the 43 respectable method for moving spaghetti from plate to mouth. 44 , I wanted to write about that,

but I wanted to 45 it down simply for my own 46 , not for Mr. Fleagle, my composition teacher. 44. A. Especially B. Probably C. Suddenly D. Fortunately

47 , I would write something else.

?And so we 27 for another ten minutes,until 28 my daughter burst into tears,and 29 that she was beaten. 28.A.nervously B.immediately C.strangely D.suddenly
41

(2008·四川)“If you’re going to play it 26 daughter burst into tears,and 29 28.A.nervously

,you’re going to play it slowly.”And so we 27

for another ten minutes,until 28

my

that she was beaten. C.strangely D.suddenly

B.immediately

gradually 逐渐地, come to realize gradually recover gradually ,即看到 come to 或 recover 就选 gradually. ? 50 , she insisted that I read the definition(定义)of a word in a monolingual dictionary 51 I wanted to get a better understanding of

its meaning. 52 , I have come to see what she meant. 52. A. Largely B. Generally C. Gradually D. Probably

高频核心短语(以介词和副词为中心及连词搭配)
请看 2011 年福建卷中 after all 和 above all 都是高频短语答案词! 转折时用 after all,并列或 above all if……时,用 above all! (2011· 福建卷) Looking back, Diana, a fashion 时装) ( designer, the college, and 55. A. after all 55 54 her achievements to the goal she set, the education she received from

the efforts she made. Now Diana is very happy doing what she is doing. B. above all C. at least D. at first

And 时选 above all ,but 时选 after all.方法很具体,很实在!是对 2012 吴军高考英语高分密码的细节补充! 高频短语 either…or…, from…to…, between…and…, not…but…, would rather…than…等是解决看不懂长句的法宝! (2011· 天津卷)Your words became my motto. I 31 found myself in the unique position of being either the first (woman doctor in

Maryland Rotary) 32 one of the few women (chief medical reporters) in my field. I gained strength every time I said , “Yes, I?ll try that.” 32. A. and B. but C. or D. for “53”

通过搭配 either……or……,很快作出 2011 年天津卷 32 题的答案是 C.or. (2011· 北京卷) With my 52 self-confidence comes more praise from teachers and classmates. I have gone from 54 in the back 55 raising my hand— even when I sometimes wasn?t and not 100 percent

of the classroom and not wanting to call attention to myself,

I had the right answer. Now I have more self-confidence in myself. 54. A. by B. for C. with D. to

通过搭配 from……to……,很快作出 2011 年天津卷 32 题的答案是 D.to.

语法考点高频答案词
Where 是高频答案词!

避开语法的干扰,平均轻松多得 3-7 分!

1.从属连词,引导地点状语从句。 The famous scientist grew up where he was born and in 1930 he came to Shanghai. 2.关系副词。用于定从。 There were dirty marks on her trousers where she had wiped her bands. 3.连接副词,用于名词性从句。 You are saying that everyone should be equal and this is where I disagree. 〖2011 陕西卷〗I walked up to the top of the hill with my friends, A.which B. where C. who D.that we enjoyed a splendid view of the lake.

〖2010 全国Ⅰ〗We haven?t discussed yet ______ we are going to place our new furniture. A. that B. which C. what D. where

〖2010 全国Ⅱ〗—Have you finished the book? ---No,I?ve read up to_________the children discover the secret cave. A.which B.what C.that D.where

〖2010 江苏〗—I prefer shutting myself in and listening to music all day on Sundays. —That?s_______I don?t agree. You should have a more active life. A.where B.how C.when D.what

〖2010 重庆〗Today, we will begin _____we stopped yesterday so that no point will be left out. A. when 〖2009 江苏〗 A. Before B. where C. how D. what

__ unemployment and crime are high, it can be assumed that the latter is due to the former. B. Where C. Unless D. Until

高频句型核心词 对完形和单选有快速突破作用,同时对作文造句起到立竿见影的功效!
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It’s (There’s ) no use / good doing……… It’s (There’s) no sense / point (in) doing…… no wonder 难怪 hurry 不着急 doubt 毫无疑问 excuse 没有理由(借口) way 决不 delay 毫不犹豫 〖2008 江苏〗—I can?t repair these until tomorrow, I?m afraid. —That?s OK, there?s ______. A. no problem B. no wonder C. no doubt D. no hurry no problem 意思是 “没问题”, 通常单独使用或用 That?s no problem;(It?s) no wonder…意思是 “难怪”;There is no doubt…意思是 “毫无 疑问”。 〖答案〗D 〖2003 北京〗—_____I?m sorry I stepped outside for a smoke.I was very tired. —There is no______ for this while you are on duty. A.reason B.excuse C.cause D.explanation

excuse 理由、借口。说话人意为:你在值班的时候是没有任何理由出去的。reason 原因;cause 事情起因;explanation 解释, 与句意不 符。 〖答案〗B 〖2006 全国Ⅱ〗It is no A. use B. help arguing with Bill because he will never change his mind. C.time D.way

it is no use 后接动词+ing 形式或动词+ing 形式短语表示做某事没有用。help 意为 “帮助”。time 意为 “时间”。way 意为 “方法”。 〖答案〗 A 〖2009 福建〗The World Health Organization gave a warning to the public without any ______ when the virus of H1N1 hit Mexico in April, 2009. A. delay =with no B. effort C. schedule D. consideration

delay:耽搁, 延误;effort:努力;schedule:时间表;consideration:考虑, 体谅;关心。当 H1N1 型 2009 年 4 月袭击墨西哥时, 世界 卫生组织毫不犹豫地向人们提出了警告。选 A。

阅读词汇题及完形熟词僻义高频考点 您知道的 sense 是[感官]的意思,point 是[小数点]的意思,如果你不知道他们的僻义是[意义]的话,下面的高考完形真题,您能答对
吗? (2008· 安徽卷)What is the 52 of studying towns in the way? For me, it is simply that one gets a greater depth of pleasure by visiting and seeing a town with one?s own eyes. A personal visit to a town may help one better understand why it is attractive than just reading about it in a guide-book. 52. A. point B. view C. problem D. difficulty

(2004· 重庆卷)“This scar will be lasting,but to this day, I have never regretted what I did.”At this point, the little boy came out running toward his mother with tears in his eyes. He held her mother in his arms and felt a great __54____ of the sacrifice that his mother had made for him. He held her hand tightly for the tightly of the day. 54.A honor B.sense C.happiness D.pride 再举个例子 serve 是[服务]的意思, 如果你不知道他们的僻义是[端饭, 端菜端酒等及 对……起作用]的话, 下面的高考完形真题, 您可能同样会选错的! 若想知道更多详尽的高频归纳请立即购买 2012 吴军高考英语高频答案词一本通教案! (2008· 四川卷)...Clearly I had made mistakes. I had started the evening wanting to have a happy time with my daughter but had allowed my desire to win to become more important than my relationship with my daughter. When I was a child, my desire to win 34 me well. As a parent, I realized that it got in my way. So I had to change. 34 A offered B served C controlled D taught

(2006· 全国卷 I) …A waiter appeared. He paused for just a second, walked into the water to set the table and take their order,and then walked back to the loud cheers of the rest of his customers. Minutes later he returned carrying a bottle of wine and two glasses. Without pausing, he went once more into the water to 50 the wine.The couple toasted each other ,the waiter and the crowd… 50. A. change B. drink C. sell D. serve
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(2004· 全国卷 I)It was the night before the composition was due. As I looked at the list of topics (题目) , "The Art of Eating Spaghetti (意大 利面条) " caught my eye. The word "spaghetti" brought back the memory of an evening at Uncle Alien' s in Belleville when all of us were seated around the table and Aunt Pat 38 spaghetti for supper. Spaghetti was an exotic (外来的) treat in those days. 38 A cooked B served C got D made

吴军 2012 高考英语必考点解密 简洁明快,使您能快速融入到具体的试题语境中,快速地搜索答案! 相似句型的对比!(详解略)
1.强调句与定语从句的对比

[1] It was in this city ______ he was born. [2] It was this city ______ he was born. [3] It was in 1989 ______ he was born. [4] It was 1989 _____ he was born. A. where B. which C. that D. when
CACD 2.与其他从句的对比

[1] In my eyes, _______ is known to all _____ Chinese economy has taken off. [2] ______ is known to all, Chinese economy has taken off. [3] I took some medicine for the bad cold, but _____ didn?t help. [4] I took some medicine for the bad cold, ______ didn?t help. [5] I find ______ is a pity that he failed in the driving test. A. which B. that C. it D. As
[1] CB [2] D [3] C [4] A [5] C

3.与 there be 句型的对比

[1] ______ is no doubt that China plays an important role in the world affairs. [2] ______ is no/little wonder that Liu Xiang is a flying man in the world. [3] ______ is no point in working on his PhD. [4] ______ is no knowing where she is now. A. There B. That C. It D. This
ACAA

阅读高频答案词 难。

很具体,很实战!秒杀答案当仁不让!不读文章直接做题,准确率 80%以上;只读一遍,准确率

达到 95%!再配合语境答题技巧,准确率达到 100%也不再是梦!解决了同学们“做题慢、浪费时间”和“准确率低”等困

表示可能的 may 和是 might 阅读高频答案词!
(2011 湖北卷)54.What lesson has the author learnt from his experience?

A. Learning form parents is necessary. B. Jumping to a conclusion is dangerous. C. Telling the truth may not always be the best solution. D. Selecting pleasant words may not be the perfect policy.
44

(2010 广东卷)45. We can inter from the passage that Chinese English A. is clear and natural to non-native speakers B. is vivid and direct to non-native speakers C. has a verv bad reputation in America D. may bring inconvenience in America

.

(2010 江苏卷)62.According to those against killing wolves,when wolves eat other animals, A.they never eat strong and healthy ones B.they always go against the law of nature C.they might help this kind of animals survive in nature D.they disturb the ecological balance in the wilderness



表示范围大的 different 和 various 是 阅读高频答案词!
(2011·重庆卷)74. The author mentioned the review in Nature in order to____. A. voice a different opinion B. find fault with Lomborg?s book C. challenge the authority of the media D. point out the value of scientific views. (2010·重庆卷)What is surprising about the standard of the clothing industry? A. It has been followed by the industry for over 400 years. B. It is different for men?s clothing and women?s. C. It woks better with men than with women. D. It fails to consider right-handed people. (2010 江苏)China?s new high-speed railway plan will be a win-win project because A.China will get much-needed resources and develop its western regions B.China and the countries involved will benefit from the project in various ways C.China will develop its railway system and communication with other countries D.the foreign countries involved will develop their railway transportation,business and tourism (2010 广东卷)From Paragraph 5,we can learn that A. mushrooms should not be eaten B. vegetables are safer than meat and seafood C. natural poisons are more dangerous than chemicals D. different types of food should be handled differently (2010 江西卷)What can be inferred from Paragraph 3? A. Body language is unique to humans. B. Animals express emotions just as humans do. C. Humans have other powers of communication. D. Humans are no different from animals to some degree. . .

表示难的 difficult, hard (trouble = difficulty)是阅读高频答案词!
(2011·辽宁卷)60. What is a problem with cyberschools? A. Their equipment costs a lot of money. B. They get little support from the state government. C. It is hard to know students' progress in learning. D. The students find it hard to make friends. (2010·重庆卷)Women?s clothes still button from the left today because
45

.

A. adopting men?s style is improper for women B. manufacturers should follow standards C. modern women dress themselves D. customs are hard to change (2010·辽宁卷)What is the researchers' understanding of the New Zealand study results? A. Poorly motivated 26-year-olds watch more TV. B. Habits of TV watching reduce learning interest. C. TV watching leads to lower education levels of the 15-year-olds. D. The connection between TV and education levels is difficult to explain

(2010·四川卷)Which is true about the warship patrols according to the text? A.The patrols are of little effect. B.The patrols are more difficult. C.More patrols are quite necessary even in Asia. D.The patrols only drive the pirates to other areas. (2010·山东卷)What can we learn from the last paragraph? A. Fighting wastefulness is difficult. B. Needless material is mostly recycled. C. People like collecting recyclable waste. D. The author is proud of their consumer culture. (2010·浙江卷)In his mother?s eyes, the writer_______. A. was a born artist B. always caused trouble C. was a problem solver D. worked very hard

更多阅读高频答案词尽在 2012 高考英语高频答案词一本通教案中.艺考生和体考生只要记住阅读高频答案词,就有可能 70%正确,再结合吴老师的 2012 高考英语 3 天提分秘诀(技巧密籍),一本,二本不再是梦!同时也为考重点大学满分攻略带来 了答案原理依据!

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2012 高考英语阅读思维重现法则 2012 高考英语阅读矩阵法则教案 2012 高考英语完形圣经秘诀教案 2012 高考英语 3 天提分秘诀教案 2012 高考英语高频答案词汇教案 2012 年 4 月初恢复原价!
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诸葛亮既不会舞刀,也不会射箭,他的兵器就是他手中的那把扇子. 草船借箭用扇子,借东风也是用扇子. 有人把“借 东风”的意思弄肤浅了,以为东风就是东边来的风,其实,这里真正所指是“东吴”的风. 在赤壁大战中,刘备哪是曹
46

操的对手,后来能把曹兵打败,借的就是东吴的力量. 聪明的你还不马上订购这把“扇子”“借着东风” , ,才能在 2012 年高考中稳操胜券!

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