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中考英语复习 重点短语 人教新目标版


重点短语
一、固定搭配: 1. put down 放下 shut down 把…关上 cut down 砍掉 come down下来、落下 slow down 减缓、放慢 sit

down 坐下 write down 写下 get down 下来,降落 2. after all 毕竟.终究 after that 然后 day after day 日复一日地one after another 相继.挨次 soon/shortly after 不久以后 the day after tomorrow 后天 3. come up with 找到、提出 catch up with 赶上 wake up 弄醒、醒来send up 发射 open up 开设、开办 grow up 长大pick up 拾起、捡起 hands up 举手 eat up 吃光 put up 张贴 cheer up使高兴起来 wash up 、

clean up 打扫干净 give up doing sth.=stop doing sth.放弃做某事 4. arri ve at/in + n. 到达 get safely) 5. get…back 退还, 送回去.取回 give back=return 归还 come/go back= return回来/去at the back of 在…的后面 on the way (back)home 在回家路上 6. at least/most 至少/多 at breakfast 早餐时 at table 在吃饭 at once 立刻,马上 at school 在上学 at work 在工作 at the same time 同时 all at once突然at present , at the moment =now 现在 at a time 一次,每次 at times(sometimes)有时, be good at=do well in 善长 be clever at… be angry at sth. be surprised at…对……感到惊奇look at, laugh at 嘲笑 at …, arrive at… not…at all 一点也不 终于 at night/midnight 在晚上/午夜 smile at 对……微笑shout at对……吼叫,knock at last =in the end / finally 最后、 get to +n.到达 reach + n.到达 arrive / get +adv.到达(例如:arrive /

at first 起初

at noon 中午at Christmas 在圣诞节at the age of // when sb. at the end of 在…终点/末端/结束时 at the foot

was…years old 在…岁时at the beginning (of… )

of在…脚下 at the top/bottom of…在……的(顶)底部 at any moment 任何时候 at the doctor’s 在 医务室 7.for example 例如 for sure确定 good for 对…有益 for ever 永远 for free免费 for long=for a long time 长期 be

be bad for对…有害, be famous for…,

be late for…, be ready for…, be sorry for…为……感到抱歉, be thirsty for…渴望…… be short for是…的简称 ask for…要求得到, look for, wait for, care for…喜欢,关心,照顾,send for…派人去 请, pay for… 8. come true 实现 come down 下来 come from=be from 来自, 出生于come in/into 进入,进来 come on 赶 快 come over 过来 come along 走吧,过来,快点come up 上来 (花)开, come to an end结束, come to oneself (苏醒,恢复知觉), come into use(开始被使用) 9. even though=even if 即使、虽然、尽管 as if/as though 好像 come up with…想出, come out 出来,出版,

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10. be pleased/satisfied/happy with 对…感到满意be busy with…,

be strict with sb.,

be angry with be filled

sb. be careful with…, be patient with… be familiar with… be covered with 被…覆盖

with…be expected / allowed / required / asked to do sth.被期望/允许/要求做某事be made/ seen/ heard/ noticed to do sth. 被迫/看见/听到/注意到做某事be surprised /excited/ pleased to do sth. , be sorry/proud/willing/ready/ happy/glad/sure to do sth. be proud of 以…自豪 be s hort of…缺乏…… be sure of…对……有把握, be fond of…喜欢, be tired of…对……厌倦be full of… 称赞be afraid of害怕hear of 听说 (hear about) hear from sb.收到某人的来信 speak highly of

of course=certainly当然可以plenty of= a lot of许多 11.by the way 顺便问一下 by oneself 单独,独自 by the end of到…结束为止 by now到现在为止 by then

by the year 2100=by 2100 by the time (引导时间状语从句) 到…的时候 one by one依次 天天地

day by day一

step by step 逐步地 little by little 渐渐地by air / plane 乘飞机 by bus / train / car 乘

公共汽车/ 火车/轿车 (catch a bus赶公交车 get on / off the bus上/下车 take a bus to…=go to …by bus 乘车去) by mistake 由于差错 by accident 偶然 by and by 不久,后来

12.do / try one’s best (to do sth.)尽力 (做某事) do nothing but do … do one’s homework 做家庭 作业do one’s lessons 做功课do Maths exercises do (the/some) shopping 购物 do the cooking 烹饪 do

some cleaning 打扫do the / some washing洗衣服 do with sb / sth.处理do some exercise锻炼do a lot of research on… do a survey on…do a good job well done干得好do harm to …. 对……有害 do good

to …对……有好处 13.early in the morning 一大早in the early spring 初春 in my early days 我幼年时期 早班车14. connect…to…把…与…连接起来 to sb 输给某人. 实话 15.either…or…或者…或者.. on either side of the street 街道任何一边 (on each side of the street 街 道每一边 on both sides of the street街道两边) 16.keep doing sth.不停地做某事 (表示状态继续) keep on doing sth. 坚持做某事(表示动作反复进行) practise doing sth. 练习做某事 enjoy doing sth. 喜欢做某事 finish doing sth.做完某事 mind doing sth.介意做某事 go on doing sth.继续做某事(同一件事) (go on to do sth.接着做某事(另一 事) go on with sth. 继续某事 ) continue doing (to do)…继续做 consider tie … to… be close to 靠近 the early bus

give birth to生(孩子) lose

to one’s surprise 使人惊讶的是

to one’s joy 令人高兴的是 to tell the truth 说

doing…考虑做 suggest doing…建议做 …… can’t help/ stop doing sth. 情不自禁地做某事,禁不住做…… give up doing… spend …doing…, feel like doing… , have fun/ a great time doing…, have difficulty doing…, be busy doing…, be interested in doing…, be fond of doing…, be good at doing…, be crazy about doing…,

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how /what about doing…, worry about doing sth. , thank sb. for doing…, instead of doing…, because of doing…, be used to doing…, pay attention to doing…, look forward to doing…,prefer doing… to doing…, devote… to doing…, put one’s effort into doing…, be worth doing… 17. go straight along/on 沿着…一直往前走 go down下降, go up上升, go through 经历,浏览 go by (时 间)过去,经过 go over复习 go in for 参加,从事go for a walk/swim/picnic去散步/游泳/野餐, go wrong go mad/bad go shopping/swimming/skiing/skating/hiking/walking/sightseeing/boating, 看电影 go well进展顺利, go well with… 与……相配go off to 动身前往, to work去上班, go on a study trip go on holiday 休假 go to the cinema/movie去

go out外出;熄灭, go away go

want a go 想试一试

18. think about 考虑 (think of 认为、想起、考虑、想到 think over 仔细考虑 ) talk about 谈论, worry about 担心, How / What about…?…怎么样? 19.borrow…from …从…借….(lend…to…把…借给…) from door to door 挨家挨户, from time to time 时 而 from now on 从今以后 from then on 从那以后be different from与…不同 20.get dressed 穿衣 来 (be the same as…) get out of从…出

get killed/married/hurt get / be lost丢失 get into进入

get off / on下/上车 get in收割 get up get to…get on/along well with sb. 与某人相处得好 get get ready to do sth.准备做某事 get used to…习惯于……

into trouble .get ready for +n.为…做准备;

get / go to sleep (fall asleep) 入睡 (be asleep睡着) get warm 变暧 sth. for sb. get sb. to do sth. 21. look for 寻找 look at

get well康复get sb. sth.=get

look after=take care of照看look like看起来像look over 检查,复习look out

小心,从里向外看look the same 看起来一样look up 向上看,查询, look down 俯视 look down on/upon轻视, 瞧不起look around 环视 look back on…回顾 look forward to 期望 look through 浏览

22. set off 出发、动身put off 推迟keep off 避开、不靠近… drop off 放下(某物) turn off 关jump off 跳离, take off 脱(衣) (飞机)起飞 show off炫耀see off 送别 fall off…从……掉 下 get off, turn off, knock …off… half of the day 半天 a year and a half do morning exercises 做

23. half a kilo 半千克half an hour 半小时in half 分成两半

(one and a half years ) 一年半24. do eye exercises 做眼保健操 早操take (more) exercise (多)参加体育锻炼 an exercise book 练习本 25. take part in 参加 hand in 上交

in hospital/prison 住院 /坐牢 in trouble/danger 处于困境/危险 in a

in surprise/fear 吃惊地 /害怕地

in the sun 在阳光下

minute / moment/while 马上 in a few years’ time=in a few years 几年以后 in the future in fact 实际上 in front of…, in time, in turn依次 , in order

in order to…为了 in a way 从某种意义上讲 in some/many ways, in other ways在其它方面

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in this way 用这种方法 in a word 总而言之 in other words换句话说 in all 总共,共计 in a hurry 匆忙 in space 在太空 in and out of class 在课内课外 in the past few/twenty years

in the last fifteen minutes 在最后十五分钟里

in one’s opinion依照某人的看法,在某人看来 in one’s fifties在某人50多岁时 in the first/ second half 在上/下半场 in good/poor health in public in service/use

in the air/sky 在空中 in the open air 在户外 in a mess 杂乱 in the form of… 以……的形式, in the habit of…有……的习惯 26. leave for… 动身去某地 leave… for… 离开……去…… 27 feed on 以…为主食 base on 以…为根据 carry on 坚持、继续下去 walk /move on 继续走/移动 depend on…依靠…… work on从事于 look down on… put on 穿上,上演 get on (well) with… on foot 步行

turn on (the radio/computer/light/tap/ gas ) and so on 等等

on the other hand 另一方面 on the other side of…

on earth究竟 on the way to… , on Sundays, on the morning/afternoon/evening/night of May 1 on the radio/telephone , on business on duty on holiday on time on top of…

28. be famous for 以..著名 be excited about +n./V-ing 对…感到兴奋 be interested in 对…感兴趣 be born出生 amazed/surprised at 对..感到惊讶 29. move away 移开 move to (搬)移到 move house move out of … move into… search… for…., search for sth. be busy with sth.— be busy doing sth. 忙于… be

30. search the Internet上网 31. make sure 确信 make a noise 吵闹

make a dialogue 编对话 make a mistake 犯错误 make faces 做鬼脸 make friends (with) 和..交朋友 make tea 沏茶 make money 赚钱 make make an excuse,

room/space for 给..让地方

make a living,(谋生)

make a decision作出决定 make a suggestion, make (great) progress in…在……取得(巨大)的进步, make a speech, make a promise, make the bed, make notes on… make a great difference to…, make (good) use of…, make fun of… , make a contribution to (doing)sth. 为……作贡献 make a telephone call to sb. /ring sb. up /give sb. a call /phone/call/telephone sb. 给某人打电话 32.used to do sth 过去常常做某事 get/ be used to doing sth. 习惯于做某事

33. leave sth+介词短语 “把……忘记在某处” 34.动词不定式做宾语: would like/want/hope/wish/prefer/decide/plan/begin/start/choose/prepare/agree/ continue/ volunteer/ promise/ offer/ afford/ fail/refuse/expect/ manage to do sth.

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动词不定式做宾语补足语: encourage sb. to do sth. 鼓励某人做某事 allow sb. to do sth. 允许某人做某事 want/would like/ need/ require/ expect/ invite/ encourage/ order/ tell/ ask/ warn/ advise/ promise/ remind/ teach/ allow sb. to do sth. 含有不定式的短语 have no choice but to do sth. do/try one’s best to do sth. can’t wait to do sth. 迫不及待做某事 不带to的不定式短语: do nothing but do sth. had better(not) do sth. can’t do… but do…,would rather do…than do…, do what/all sb. can to do sth.

prefer to do… rather than do…,Why not do…? Would you (please)(not) do …? 一“感”, 二“听”, 三“让”, 四“看”

feel/ listen to/ hear/ make/have/let/ see/ watch/ look at/ notice sb. do sth.
改为被动语态要加to:be made/ seen/ heard to do sth. 注意区别下列短语: try to do…/ try doing…; forget/remember to do/doing…, stop to do/ doing…; mean to do/doing…; go on to do/doing…/ be afraid of doing…/ be afraid to do… 35.区别hear sb. do (doing)sth. 听见某人(正)做某事 watch /see/ notice sb. do/ doing sth. 36.help sb. (to) do sth .//help sb. with sth. 帮助某人做某事 with one’s help在某人的帮助下 with the help of… with pleasure 乐意 with joy/excitement

37.play (computer)games, play hide-and-seek, play sports, play a joke/trick on sb., play with…, play chess/ cards/ volleyball/football/badminton/tennis/table tennis, play the piano/violin/guitar play ball games, play the role of…, play an important role in… 38.step into 走进 pour into 倒入… walk into 39. for the first time 第一次 at first起初 get into move into

first of all 首先 take a message for sb.给某人捎口信 pass

40. leave a message for sb. 给某人留条

give sb. a message

on a message for/ to sb. 替某人传口信/ 传口信给某人 41. take photos / pictures 照像 take away拿走 take out 取出 take...out of...

take off 脱下,起飞 take up开始,从事,占据 take down take in 吸收 take care 当心 take care of take medicine 服药 take one’s temperature 量体温 take a look

take it easy 别紧张,放轻松 take a walk/rest/seat 散步/休息/就座 take a bath/shower

take place 发生 take part in…take action to do sth., tak e a bus/train/plane, take an interest in...

take turns to do sth.轮流做某事

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take exercise 锻炼 take (a) pride in… 42. learn by oneself / teach oneself 自学

take one’s advice 接受某人建议 learn by heart 背熟,背诵

learn from…向……学习 learn…from…向……学习…… , learn about…了解,知道 43. be interested in…, be weak in…在……薄弱, be rich in…在……富有,be strict in sth., be experienced in…在……有经验, be different in…在……方面不同 44. have a try 尝试,努力 (try out 尝试、试验, try on 试穿) find out 找出,查明

have a good / wonderful / great / fantastic/ time 玩得开心 have fun doing sth. have a (bad) cold/headache/toothache/cough/fever (重)感冒/头疼/牙疼/咳嗽/发烧 have a meeting / walk / watch/ talk /chat 开会/散步/比赛/谈话/聊天 have sports 进行体育活动 have nothing /something to do with 与..无(有)关 have no idea 不知道 have a rest/ break/ discussion/bath/shower have lunch/breakfast/supper/dinner have no choice but to do sth. have to do sth. have on 穿着 have problems/ trouble/ difficulty with sth./ (in)doing…

have an interview with sb.

have a fight with sb. /have a quarrel with sb.

45. 可以跟双宾语的动词: offe r sb sth. 提供某人某物 offer sth. to sb. promise/lend/give/show/bring/ send/pass/ hand, return/ write / teach/ tell sb. sth.(sth. to sb.) buy/ make/ sing/ draw/ get/ cook/ post sb. sth. (sth. for sb.) 46.win the first prize 获一等奖 win an award for… win the game beat sb./the team 47. all over the world= around the world =throughout the world 全世界 48. all kinds of 各种各样的 many kinds of… It’s kind of sb. to do sth. a kind/type/sort of lose the game

be kind to do sth.

49. be polite/rude to sb., be kind to…, be cruel to…, be harmful to…, be friendly to…, be valuable to…=be of value to… be useful to…=be of use to… be helpful to… 50. neither… nor 既不…也不…. not only … but also …不但…而且 , either… or…要么……要么……, both… and ……和…都; 既……又…… 51. fall behind落后 fall into…, fall in love with sb., fall down跌倒, fall over绊倒, fall off… fall asleep 入睡 fall ill生病,病倒 52. all one’s life 一生 53. as soon as 一…就… during one’s lifetime as soon as possible尽快 as well = too 也 as well as

as much as 差不多,多达 as little as 至少 as long as 只要 as if/though 好像 regard …as 把…当作… = look on…as 把……看作

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as a result 因此 as a result of…由于,作为……的结果

as usual照例,像往常一样

54. no matter 无论…,不管 no matter what/ who/ where/ when/how… no wonder… 难怪,怪不得 no more no more than不过,仅仅 no longer no problem

no less than 不少于,多达 现在完成时+ (e ver) since +过去时.

55 ever since 从那以后,此后一直

56.so far 到目前为止 so that 以便 so as to… 为的是,以便 so many/much or so大约 57. another two hours (=two more hours ) 又(再) 2个小时 58. once/ twice/ three times a week 一周一/两/三次 59. the number of …的数量 60.less than 少于 用how often 提问

a (large / great) number of / large numbers of 许多…… more and more

less and less 越来越少 more than = over 多于,超过

more or less = about 或多或少,大约 61.the way to…, the answer to…, the visit/trip/journey to …, the key to…, the guide to… 62. not…until/till… 直到…才… 63.be like像 look like like best/most/least …until/till… 直到……为止

feel like +n./V-ing 想要 sound like…听起来像 最(不)喜欢

would like (to do) sth. 想要(做)…… would like sb. to do sth. 64.have problems/ trouble/ difficulty with sth., have problems/ trouble/difficulty (in) doing sth. 65.wash away 冲走 run away逃跑 66.before long 不久 take away 带走 put away drive away pass away

long before / ago 很久以前 no longer = not. .any longer 不再 send up 发射 send off寄出

67. send for 派人去叫 send away 派遣,发送 send out 发送 68.every year 每年

every four years 每隔四年 every other day 每隔一天 how often提问

everyday English / life 日常英语/生活 69. keep fit/ healthy/ silent/ quiet get in touch with…与……取得联系 keep (on) doing sth. keep a secret keep a diary keep sb. doing sth.让某人一直做 Keep off the grass! keep in touch with…与……保持联系

keep sb. from doing…阻止某人做……

keep away from…

70.receive / get / have a letter from sb. = hear from sb 收到某人的来信 71.on show = on display/exhibition 展览 72.be filled with / be full of 充满… 73. thanks to 多亏,由于 =because of 74.some day =one day (将来)某一天 in a day or two 一两天内 all day 终日 all night day and night 日日夜夜 day after day日复一日

in the old days 从前,旧社会

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the day before yesterday 前天

the day after tomorrow 后天 Mother’s Day

National Day Teachers’ Day

Women’s Day 妇女节 Children’s Day

Father’s Day

75. stop / prevent… (from) doing sth. =keep sb. from doing sth. 防止(阻止)…做某事 stop to do sth.停下来去做某事 stop doing sth.停止做某事 76. set out/off, 出发 set up 建立 set an example树立榜样 set fire 纵火,放火烧 interesting places tourist attractions

77. a place (places) of interest 名胜

78.three quarters of the information on the Internet 因特网上四分之三的信息 two thirds of the books三分之二的书 a half 二分之一 a quarter 四分之一 one- fifth 五分之一 20% of the students= 20 per cent of the students 79. neck and neck 势均力敌,不分上下, side by side 肩并肩, hand in hand 手拉手, shoulder by shoulder 肩并肩, face to face 面对面 80. provide sth. for sb. = provide sb. with sth. 81.“动词+介词”短语:这类短语动词的宾语只能放在介词之后 agree with agree to believe in like lead to succeed in bring in get to agree on break into arrive in/at depend on ask for deal with beg in with die of join in… belong to dream of/about feel

feed on

hear of/about/from… insist on quarrel with

knock at/on live on

look after/for/at pay for think of/about

shout at

suffer from send for get on/off

vote for/against worry about work on

82.“动词+副词”短语:这类短语动词的宾语如是名词,既可放在副词前又可放在副词后;宾语如果是人称代词, 则放在副词之前。 blow away break down give back put up break up give off bring up burn down cut off check out look over work out look up sell

find out eat up put on out put down see off

give out hand in/out have on pick up point out throw away

put away put out take away wash away

print out

ring up

set up turn up/down

take up take off knock over

turn on/off

“动词+副词+介词”短语 add up to…加上 do well in look down on/upon break away from 脱离 go on with继续 look forward to… catch up with赶上 get along with… 与……相处,进展 put up with…忍受 run out of…用完

“动词+名词+介词”短语 take care of make fun of 取笑 make use of 利用 catch hold of pay attention to注意 抓住 take part in 参加

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take the place of “动词+名词”短语 take place

替代

take pride in 以……为骄傲

make friends

lose weight

make decisions/suggestions at sea在海上

83. by sea = by ship 乘船

by the sea 在海边

84. set one’s mind to do sth. 一心想做某事 make up one’s mind to do sth. change one’s mind 改变主意 keep sth. in mind记住,牢记 mind doing sth. 介意做……

85 . too much (修饰名词)太多,过分 too many 修饰可数名词 much too(修饰adj./adv.)太 86. See you! 再见 You see. 你知道你明白, 你瞧 Let me see.让我想想 see sb . do / doing sth.

see sb. off 给某人送行 see a doctor/dentist 看病/牙医 87 some…others 一些(人,物)…其他(人,物) 个…另一个(两者) 88. be worn out 穿旧,磨坏 run out用完,耗尽 find out

one…another一个…另一个(三者或以上 ) one…the other一

check out 核实,检查 work out print out cut out go out

put out take out

come out

89. break down 出了故障 break into 闯入 break out 爆发 break up 破裂,解散 break off 中断 break away from…脱离…… br eak the law/promise 违法/违背诺言 break rules 犯规 90. … too +adj. / adv. + to + v.太…而不能 ;adj./ adv. + enough (for sb.) to do … 可转化为 so… that… 91.have been to 去过某地 have gone to 到某地去了 have been in 在某地(一段时间)

92.here + be+ 名词+ for+某人 ( Here is a letter for you. 这儿有你的一封信.) 93. pass away 逝世,消逝 pass on 传递 pass by经过pass through经历 pass down传下来 94. one of +the + adj.最高级+复数名词 95. take/bring +某物+with +某人 (You’d better take an umbrella with you.你最好带上雨伞) 96. prefer to= like…better than宁愿,更喜欢 prefer +名词(v-ing) + to+名词 (v-ing) (I prefer learning English to playing football.) prefer +不定式+ rather than + 不带to的不定式, (I prefer to walk there rather than go by bus. 我喜欢走着去那里,而不愿乘车) , 97. 人+ spend +time (money) + doing sth. (I spent over two hours finishing my homework). 人 + spend + time (money) + on +名词, (He spent 1,000 on the TV set .) 人 + pay + money +for +sth. ( He paid ten yuan for the book .他花了10元钱买那本书.) It + takes (will take, / took…) + sb. + time+ to do sth. (It’ll take you only ten minutes to get there by bus.乘车去那里只花你10分钟). 物+ cost + (sb.) + money (The dictionary cost me 20 yuan .我花20元钱买了那本词典)

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98. do with + sb. / sth. (What have you done with the pork ? 那些肉你怎么处理了?) deal with… How did you deal with the problem?

99. mind + if 从句 (Do you mind if I open the window?我开窗你不反对吧?) mind + V-ing (Would you mind turning on the TV?打开电视你不反对吧?) 100. what…for? / why…? (What do you learn English for? Why do you learn English?) 101. need + 名词 (v-ing) (The students need some help.学生们需要帮助.This pair of shoes needs mending. 这双鞋需要修理) need to do sth. need to be done=need doing need sb. to do sth.

102. “be used for+ 名词(v-ing),”被用来做.. (A writing brush is used for writing.) “be used as+名词”, 被作为…使用 (English is used as the first language in Britain.) “be used by+动作执行者”, 被…使用, be used to do sth. 被用来做某事 103.be made of 由…制造 (This table is made of wood .这张课桌是木制的) be made from由…制成 (This kind of paper is made from wood . 这种纸是用木材制成的) be made in+地点 某地制造 (These cars are made in Germany) be made by+人 由谁制造的 (This kite is made by Kate . ) be made into… 被制成…… (The novel was made into a play.) be made up of…由……组成 The group is made up of ten students. be made to do sth. 被迫做某事 We are made to do lots of homework every day.

104. protect sb./sth. from sth. 保护某人/某物免受……; 105.be worth + money (V-ing), 值…钱,值得做… This car is worth more than 200 thousand yuan in China. This book is well worth reading.这本书很值得一读. 106. the Summer Palace 颐和园 Tian’anmen Square 天安门广场 the Palace Museum 故宫 the Great Hall of the People 人民大会堂 the Great Green Wall 绿色长城 the Party 中国共产党 the Temple of Heaven 天坛 PRC 中华人民共和国

PLA 中国人民解放军

the League 共青团

Beijing opera 京剧

107. thank you /thanks for +n ./V-ing 谢谢你…… 108. so + 形/副+that 从句 (The place is so cold that nothing can grow in winter.)

so + many / few+ 复数名词 +that从句 (He has so many books that I don’t know which one to borrow. 他有那么多书,我不知道借哪一本) so + much / little+ 不可数名词+that从句 (She has so little money that she can’t buy anything .)

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so+ 形容词 +a / an +单数名词 +that从句 (This is so good a book that all of us like reading it ) , such +a / an+ 形容词+单数名词+ that…This is such an interesting story that we like it. such +形容词+复数名词+that从句. / such +形容词+不可数名词+that从句 (It is such fine weather today that many children are playing outside) 109 .tell sb about sth. 告诉某人关于某事 tell sb+从句 tell sb. to do sth.让某人做某事 tell a lie 说谎 tell a story 讲故事 tell jokes 讲笑话 tell … from… 辨别,分辨

110. give up 放弃 give in 屈服,让步 give out 分发 give off发出,散发 111. knock down 撞倒 knock over 撞翻 二、重点句型: 1) there be 结构 There is/ are/ was/ were/ will be/ is (are) going to be/ has(have) been… There used to be…/seems to be…过去有/似乎有…… There be sb. + V-ing… There is a dog lying on the ground. There be sth. + to do… There is nothing to worry about. There be +主+ V (p.p.)… There is little time left. 2) It’s/has been +段时间+since + 一般过去时. 3)祈使句+ and / or +一般将来时,可转化为 if 引导的条件状语从句 4) the + 比较级……,the +比较级…… 越……越…… 越来越…… knock on/at…敲 knock into sb.撞到某人身上

比较级+and+ 比较级; more and more+多音节形容词/副词 5)How do you like/find….? What do you think of…? 6) What…. do with…? How … deal with…?

7) I think/ suppose/ believe that…,(否定前移) I don’t think that+从句 8)one of +the+最高级+名词复数 比较级+than + any other+ 单数名词; 比较级+than +the other+名词复数 9)find/think/feel/believe/suppose it +adj. + to do sth. find + 宾语+宾语补足语(名词、形容词、分词) 10)It’s+ adj.+of/ for sb. + to do sth. it 为形式主语 it 做形式宾语

11) It’s adj./n. that +从句 It’s true/ clear/ possible/ necessary/ a pity/great fun that… 12) It’s said/reported/known that… 据说……,据报道……,众所周知…… 13) too… to…./ … enough to…/ so(such)… that… 14) not…until…./ 肯定句+until/till…

15) It seems (to sb.) that…(对某人而言)似乎…… 16) What/How about doing…?

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Why not do sth.?

Why don’t +主语+do sth.?

You’d better (not)do sth. Would/Will you please (not) do sth.? Let’s do…, shall we? Would you like to do sth.? 17) What’s wrong with…? What’s the matter with…? /What’s the trouble with…? 18) It’s time (for sb.) to do sth. It’s time for sth. 19)It’s the +序数词+time that +现在完成时. 20)So + 主语+助动词/情态动词/be 动词. “确实如此” ,表强调 So+助动词/情态动词/be 动词+主语. 表示后者与前者情况相同。 Neither/ Nor +助动词/情态动词/be 动词+主语. 表示“另一也不……” It’s one’s turn/duty to do sth.

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