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2012山东省高三英语 各地一模英语分类汇编7 阅读理解(一)


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专题三 阅读理解(七)
【山东省德州市 2012 届高三第一次模拟考试】 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡 上将该项涂黑。 A My husband,Michael,a manager of an ordinary company,came home from work one day saying,“It’s not looking good.” At midnight,I woke up seeing him sitting in a chair,his hand on his forehead.I was worried.I had to cheer him up and help ourselves financially. As an advisor for top companies and a teacher in creative thinking at the college of New Jewsey for years.I thought of a good plan.What if we undertake an adventure while making money from it? As a family,we’d always talked about traveling more, but we’d been tied to routines.Now I saw no point in sitting around worrying when we could see the country.We'd take our three young kids,teach them on the road. It was the perfect time before they reached high school.We’d rent out our house. Michael disagreed at first but realized that with his cell phone,and computer, he could work anywhere. We listed our house for rent and created a brand strategy,logo,and website for us-familyofftrack.com-and persuade five companies to support us.Their ads on our site would help pay travel costs,and we’d promote their brands on our trip in exchange for their support. With everything done,we took off on April 3.All spring and summer,we visited national landmarks and treasured lands. By August when we returned home,Michael’s company continued to slide and now may have to close down.But we’ve made the travel a permanent part of our lives. What’s more,with a Chicago-based production company I've developed the Family Off Track brand by creating videos,educational programs and exhibits.And Michael has new ideas for management businesses.It's great to see the spark in hi s eyes again. Now I feel it even more.Together we taught our kids a lesson:Nobody ever made

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history by living 100 percent by the book in times of recession(不景气). 56.Michael was in low spirits because A.he couldn’t sleep well for many days B.he lost his interest in his business C.his manager was about to fire him D.his company was in financial trouble 57.It can be inferred from the second paragraph that . .

A.chances could come when a family was in financial trouble B.it is impossible for poor people to spare their time for traveling C.the author’s plan would benefit the family in several aspects D.their children's education would have to be stopped temporarily 58.How did they cover the cost of travelling? A.By selling products for Michael’s company. B.By providing advertisement service. C.By teaching children on the way. D.By establishing a shopping website. 59.The family benefited a lot from the creative travel except A.the total recovery of the father’s company B.their experiences of visiting beautiful places C.opening a new window to their life D.developing their the Family off Track brand 60.The family’s story is a good example to prove that A.A good fame is better than a good face B.Every man is the architect of his own fortune C.An ounce of luck is better than a pound of wisdom D.A good book is the best of friends,the same today and forever B Dyslexia is a problem that restricts the ability to recognize words and connect sounds with letters when people read.People with this learning disorder may also have problems when they write . Dyslexia is not related to eyesight or
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intelligence.The problem involves areas of the brain that process language.Brain scientists are studying whether they can predict which young children may struggle with reading to provide them early help.John Gabrieli at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology is leading the study of five-year-olds in about twenty schools in the Boston area. They studied in the schools with kindergartens.And for all the children joining in the study,they give them a brief set of paper-and-pencil tests to look at which children appear to be at some risk for struggling to read.So far,fifty of them have been examined in a scanner,a special machine,to show brain activity.Written tests are not always able to identify dyslexia or other problems,while brain scans may offer a more scientific way to identify problems.And with reading problems, early identification is important. When it comes to helping children overcome reading difficulties,the younger the child, the more effective they are. Reading problems are not usually identified until a child is in the third or fourth grade.The later children are recognized as poor readers,the less treatment can help.And,as Professor Gabrieli points out,poor reading can make education a struggle.Reading is everything.Even math and science have textbooks. While the children are given tasks related to reading,the brain scans measure the extent to which certain parts of the brain become active while the children do the work.The scientists say they are pleased with early results from the study.but have a long way to go. 61.The most obvious symptom with a Dyslexia sufferer is A.having a bad memory C.having poor eyesight B.losing the ability D.showing low IQ . .

62.The purpose of the study led by John Gabrieli is A.to provide early help to the children with Dyslexia B.to apply their scanning machine to medical field C.to test children’s ability to read and write D.to find out how brain processes language 63.The function of the scanner is to
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A.provide the children with necessary pictures B.check the result of the paper and pencil tests C.find an effective way to improve one’s reading D.identify how the brain works while reading 64.What factor is most important in helping children with dyslexia according to the passage? A.Medicine B.Diet C.Timing D.Scanner

65.What’s the main idea of the passage? A.More facts have been found about reading. B.Everyone has to face the problem of dyslexia. C.The scans can show how a person’s brain works. D.Treatment of dyslexia is more effective if examined early. C A study published in today’s edition of the Science finds that, overall, species are moving to higher latitudes(纬度)at l0.5 miles per decade.The rate is two or three times faster than when it was last measured,in 2003. “The climate is shifting everything toward the north and higher

altitudes,”says Chris Thomas,the author on the paper and a professor at the University of York in the United Kingdom.Animals,plants and insects closer to the equator ‘‘are starting to find it too hot and are retreating upwards.” The study was an analysis covering 764 species moving north or south depending on which hemisphere(半球)they were in. Although each species moved at different rates and some even moved towards the equator,overall the strong trend was toward the poles. For the most part,it's not that animals are walking,hopping or winging their way north,Thomas says.Rather,individuals at a species’ southernmost range are breeding( 繁 殖 )less successfully while individuals in that same species’ northernmost range are breeding more successfully.The result is that the entire species moves up. “There is practically no basis to doubt the fact that species are shifting as
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a function of rapidly changing climate,”says Jeremy Kerr.a professor of biology at the University of Ottawa in Canada, who did not participate in the study.One species Kerr studies is the bog copper, a beautiful little butterfly that appears to practically be on an expressway to the North Pole.It has moved more than 90 miles north in the past decade. For farmers,what crops they grow and livestock they keep is also beginning to shift, says Philip Thornton,an agricultural economist in Nairobi,Kenya.In Africa,small farms are changing the kinds of animals they keep.In Northern Kenya, there is a move in some places away from the traditional cattle to camels,which are more drought resistant;the price of adult camels there is increasing quite rapidly.

66.Which picture can describe the result of the study?

67.According to the third paragraph,we can learn a fact that A.the animals are moving northward so fast B.there are too many species on the poles C.fewer babies are born in the south D.not all animals move to higher latitudes 68.The example of the bog copper is mentioned to tell us that it A.can fly as fast as an express B.is moving northwards at a high speed. C.blocks the way toward the North Pole D.prefers to travel on an express
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69.In the last paragraph,farmers prefer camels A.because of changes in temperature B.as a result of animals moving northwards C.with the purpose of earning more money D.due to the changes in crop growing 70.We can infer from the passage that .

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A.immediate actions have be taken to prevent the immigration B.rare animals can only be found at poles in not so far future C.it is natural for species to adapt themselves to environment D.changes in climate make no differences about people’s life D I recently ran into a friend I hadn’t seen for a long while.Our conversation was lively and full of news from both sides.Before we parted she said,“You'll have to drop in sometime.” I immediately sensed that if I simply “dropped in’’ I would take my friend by surprise,and I would be discouraged by the image of her standing in her doorway, staring at me, and asking, “Oh, ?what brings you here?” er Whatever happened to the unannounced drop-in visit? When I was growing up in the 1960s, it seemed that people-mostly relatives, but also friends-were always popping in. My parents would put coffee on,and my mom would find something in the kitchen to serve along with it.Then the conversation would begin?The neighbor lady, a worrier,was unloading her sadness while my mom quietly listened.The Irish man next door had such an accent that I remember asking what language he spoke.My Polish relatives arrived in packs?But I never heard my parents say anything like “We weren’t expecting you’’ or “This isn’t a good time.”Drop-in visitors had a certain right of way and became No.1. What happened to such visits? Actually I know the answer . Times have changed.Everybody gets busy with work.There is no longer a stay-at-home mom keeping a pot of hot coffee or tea ready throughout the day for a surprise guest.Exploding malls and stores are now replacing homes as a central form of entertainment. Just the other day a former student of mine showed up. “I'm sorry for the surprise
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visit.”my student began.“I just wanted to see if you still lived here.I'll only stay a minute.” My response was immediate.“No,you won’t,”I said.“Just come in,sit, have coffee, and we’ll talk.’’ I had nothing in the kitchen but we ordered pizza.And we had a lovely time.I have tried to keep the drop-in tradition alive though it takes some effort. 71 . The author thought his friend’s invitation---“You’11 have to drop in sometime”---as . B.an excuse of leaving D.an expression of surprise .

A.a nice way of refusal C.a kind of politeness

72.The underlined phrase “pop in” in the second paragraph means A.make many friends C.have a good time B.make a special date D.pay a sudden visit

73.The woman from the neighborhood used to visit the author’s home to A.seek comfort from my parents C.1isten to my parents’ story B.meet new friends D.taste nice dishes .

.

74.From the third paragraph of the passage,we can infer that A.the author misses the lost good days B.unexpected visitors are still welcome now C.modern people prefer outdoor activities D.there are more jobs for the housewives now 75.The author writes the passage intending to A.encourage people to be drop-in visitors B.explain how to deal with unexpected visitors C.share his feelings about the drop-in tradition D.show the importance of making friends 【答案】 .

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【山东省东营市 2012 届高三第一次模拟考试】 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题 卡上将该项涂黑。 A Lill was a young French Canadian girl who grew up in the farming community. At the age of l6, her father thought that she had enough schooling and forced her to drop out of school to contribute to the family income. In l922, with limited education and skills, the future didn't look bright for Lill. Her father demanded that Lill find a job as soon as possible, but she didn't have the confidence to ask for a job. One day, Lill gathered her courage and knocked on her very first door. She was met by Margaret Costello, the office manager. In her broken English, Lill told her she was interested in the secretarial position. Margaret decided to give her a chance. Margaret sat her down at a typewriter and said, “Lill, let's see how good you really are.”She directed Lill to type a single letter, and then left. Lill looked at the clock and saw that it was ll:40 a.m. Everyone would be leaving for lunch at noon. She thought she should at least attempt the letter. On her first try, she got through one line but made four mistakes. She pulled the paper out and threw it away. The clock now read ll:45. “At noon,” she said to herself,“I'll move out with the crowd, and they will never see me again.” On her second attempt, things didn't get any better. Again the started over and finally completed the letter, full of mistakes, though. She looked at the clock: ll:55 —five minutes to freedom. Just then, Margaret walked in. She came directly over to Lill, and put one hand on the desk and the other on the girl's shoulder. She read the letter and paused. Then she said,”Lill, you're doing good work!” Lill was surprised. She looked at the letter, then up at Margaret. With those simple words of encouragement, her desire to escape disappeared and her confidence began to grow. She thought, “Well, if she thinks it's good, then it must be good. I think I'll stay!”
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Lill did stay at Carhartt Overall Company?for 5l years, through two world wars and ll presidents—all because someone had the insight to give a shy and uncertain young girl the gift of self-confidence when she knocked on the door. 56. Why did Lill leave school at an early age? A. To learn English well. C. To get self-confidence. 57. When Lill applied for the job, she A. could speak good English C. knew Margaret very well B. To earn money for her family. D. To become a typist. . B. didn't know much about typing D. never wrote any letter

58. How many attempts did Lill make to type the letter? A. One. B. Two. C. Three. D. Four.

59. Who does the underlined word “someone” in the last paragraph refer to? A. Lill's father. B. Lill herself C. A president. D. Margaret.

60. What can we learn from Lill's story? A. Encouragement makes a difference. C. Virtue leads to success. 【答案】 56—60 BBCDA 【山东省东营市 2012 届高三第一次模拟考试】 B In the past year, the number of parenting contracts--statements signed by parents agreeing to bring their child to school--has gone up by 4l% to 6,86l. The number of court-issued punishment notices went up by l2% to 7,793 last year. The Department for Children, Schools and Families said that part of the rise was due to a ban on parents taking their child out of school during term time to go on holiday. The Labour government has a target to cut truancy(逃学) by a third, but the current rate of unauthorised absence in England is a third higher than in 200l. The government has introduced tough new permission to force parents to deal with their child's truancy. Parents can be fined, asked to sign contracts, or ordered
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B. Honesty is the best policy. D. Time waits for no man.

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to make their child go to school. Finally they can be sent to prison. The first parent to be put in prison was Patricia Amos, from Banbury, Oxfordshire, in 2006. Separate figures from the Ministry of Justice today show that 133 parents were put in prison between 2004 and 20ll for failing to prevent their child's truancy. Children's minister Delyth Morgan said:“It's important that we back schools and local authorities in using these powers to deal with problem pupils and bad behaviour. They rightly make parents take responsibility for their children. These latest figures show that schools and local authorities continue to make good use of these measures.” David Laws, the Liberal Democrat education spokesman, said:“While parents need to take responsibility for their children's behaviour and have the duty to ensure they attend school, truancy rates across the country remain sky high. What is needed is a more effective local approach involving parents, schools and the police. Extra money to cut class sizes and provide more one-to-one support will enable teachers to work with individual children and make sure that they are occupied in the classroom.” 6l. Parenting contracts are signed to .

A. remind parents to help their child with his homework B. make parents accompany their child to school C. keep children safe on the way to school D. ensure children attend school 62. The worst punishment parents can be faced with is A. to be fined C. to sign a contract .

B. to be put into prison D. to lose parenting right .

63. The underlined word “back” in Paragraph 4 probably means A. adjust B. limit C. oppose . D. support

64. We know from the passage that

A. the government's approach has had little effect on children's truancy B. the government should take tougher measures against parents
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C. the number of parents sent to prison has reduced D. schools and local authorities misuse the measures 65. In David Laws' opinion, .

A. only schools are responsible for children's behaviour B. schools have got less support from the government C. parents, schools and the police are to blame for children's truancy C. more effective measures should be taken to prevent children’s truancy 【答案】 61—65 DBDAD

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