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学科网3年高考2年模拟1年原创精品高考英语系列专题9——情态动词及虚拟语气(学生版)


学科网 3 年高考 2 年模拟 1 年原创精品高考系列 专题九 情态动词及虚拟语气

【考点定位】 考点定位】

2010 考纲解读和近几年考点分布

【考点 pk】 】

名师考点透析

虚拟语气考点透析 考点一 考点一、虚拟语气的基本用法 1.与现在事实相反的虚拟语气, 基本结构为: 主语+动词的一般过去时 (be 动词用 were) +其他成分+if+should/would/could...+动词原形+其他成分。例如: ① (2006 年福建卷) it were not for the fact that she ______ sing, would invite her to the If I party.

A.couldn’t

B.shouldn’t

C.can’t

D.might not

2.与过去事实相反的虚拟语气,基本结构为:主语+动词的过去完成时+其他成分 +if+should/would/could...+have done+其他成分。例如: (2008 年全国卷)If the weather had been better,we could have had a picnic.But it ______ all day. A.rained B.rains C.has rained D.is raining

3.与将来事实相反的虚拟语气,基本结构为:主语+动词的一般过去时/should do/were to do+其他成分+if+should/would/could...+动词原形+其他成分。例如: (2005 年湖北卷) I ______ plan to do anything I want to, d like to go to Tibet and travel If I’ through as much of it as possible. A.would B.could C.had to D.ought to

考点二 考点二、含蓄虚拟条件句 这样的虚拟句不含有 if 从句,而是以 but for/without/or/otherwise 等引导的句子代替 if 从句,主句的谓语动词的形式与前面虚拟语气的基本用法相同。例如: (2008 年山东卷)Thank you for all your hard work last week.I don’t think we ______ it without you. A.can manage C.could managed B.could have managed D.can have managed

考点三 考点三、主从句时间不一致的虚拟条件句 在有些虚拟条件句中,主从句时间不一致,应根据不同情况区别对待。例如: (2002 年上海卷)It’s hard for me to imagine what I would be doing today if I ______ in love,at the age of seven,with the Melinda Cox Library in my hometown. A.wouldn’t have fallen C.should fall B.had not fallen

D.were to fall

考点四 考点四、名词性从句中的虚拟语气 在含有表示坚持、建议、命令、要求等含义的名词性从句和在 it 做形式宾语或形式主 语的复合句中,宾语补足语是 necessary/strange/essential/natural/a pity/a shame 等表示“惊奇、 惋惜或者理应如此”等含义时,从句中的谓语动词需用“should+动词原形” ,其中 should 可 以省略。例如: (2005 年江苏卷)—Don’t you think it necessary that he ______ to Miami but to New

York? —I agree,but the problem is ______ he has refused to. A.will not be sent;that C.should not be sent;what B.not be sent;that D.should not send;what

考点五 考点五、wish/if only/would rather 从句中的虚拟语气 具体说来其基本结构为:wish/if only/would rather+主语+动词一般过去时(表示与现在 事实相反,其中 be 动词用 were)/动词过去完成时(表示与过去事实相反)/would+动词原 型(表示与将来事实相反) 。例如: (2003 年上海卷)Look at the trouble I’m in,if only I ______ your advice! A.followed C.had followed 情态动词考点透析 考点一、 考点一、情态动词基本含义的考查 情态动词的基本含义,一直是高考考查的重要内容。例如: 1. The fire spread through the hotel very quickly but everyone______get out. A. had to B. would C. was able to D. could B.would follow D.should follow

2. When can I come for the photos? I need them tomorrow afternoon. —They______be ready by 12:00. A. can B. should C. might D. need

3. You can’t imagine that a well-behaved gentleman______be so rude to a lady .

A. might B. need C. shouldD. would 二、情态动词表示推测的考查 对情态动词表示推测的用法,是高考考查情态动词的一个重要方面。例如: 1. Sorry, I’m late. I______have turned off the alarm clock and gone back to sleep again . A. might B. should C. can D. will

2. My sister met him at the Grand Theatre yesterday afternoon,so he______your lecture. A. couldn’t have attended B. needn’t have attended

C. mustn’t have attended

D. shouldn’t have attended

3.Mr Bush is on time for everything. How______it be that he was late for the opening ceremony? A. can B. should C. may D. must

4.I heard they went skiing in the mountains last winter? —It______true because there was little snow there. A. may not be C. couldn’t be B. won’t be D. mustn’t be

三、情态动词表示虚拟的考查 情态动词+have+过去分词表示与过去事实上相反的情况,也是高考单项选择题涉及到 情态动词的一个重要方面。 1. There was a lot of fun at yesterday’s party. You______come, but why didn’ t you? A. must have C. need have B. should D. ought to have

2.I was really anxious about you. You______home without a word.(NMET2001,33) A. mustn’t leave C. couldn’t have left B. shouldn’t have left D. needn’t leave

3.Oh, I‘m not feeling well in the stomach. I______so much fried chicken just now. A. shouldn’t eat B. mustn’t have eaten D. mustn’t eat

C. shouldn’t have eaten

考点四、 考点四、情态动词与助动词混合考查 1.Tom ,you didn’t come to the party last night? —I______, but I suddenly remembered I had homework to do .(NMET2007 全国卷 II,20) A. had to B. didn’t C. was going to D. wouldn’t

2.Your phone number again? I______quite catch it . —It’s 86184867. A. didn’t B. couldn’t C. don’t D. can’t

【三年高考】 三年高考】

07、08、 07、08、09 高考试题及其解析
it

1.(09 江苏)28. He did not regret saying what he did but felt that he differently. A. could express C. could have expressed B. would express D. must have expressed

2.(09 天津卷)15. This printer is of good quality. If it _______ break down within the first year, we would repair it at our expense. A. would B. should C. could D. might swim after eating a large

3.(09 浙江卷)13. The doctor recommended that you meal. A. wouldn’t B. couldn’t C. needn’t

D. shouldn’t the first prize

4.(09 福建)35. But for the help of my English teacher, I in the English Writing Competition. A. would not win won 5.(09 安徽)34. But for their help,we A. can not finish C. had not finished B. will not finish D. could not have finished B. would not have won C. would win

D. would have

the program in time.

6.(09 安徽)29. Some people who don’t like to talk much are not necessarily shy;they A. must just be quiet people. B. may C. should D. would _ say about English people with

7,(09 北京)25. One of the few things you __

certainty is that they talk a lot about the weather. A. need B. must C. should D. can

8.(09 重庆卷)32. ---Hi, Tom. Any idea where Jane is? ---She in the classroom. I saw her there just now.

A. shall be

B. should have been

C. must be

D. might have been

9.(NMET2008 山东,24)Thank you for all your hard work last week. I don’t think we ______ it without you. A. can manage C. could manage B. could have managed D. can have managed

10(NMET2007 江苏)—She looks very happy. She ______ have passed the exam. —I guess so. It’s not difficult after all. A. should B. could C. must D. might

11(NMET2008 全国 II) Liza ___ well not want to go on the trip --- she hates traveling. A. will B. can C. must D. may

12(NMET2008 四川) Although this ____ sound like a simple task, great care is needed. A. must B. may C. shall D. should

8. (NMET2008 重庆)—I can’t find my purse anywhere. —You __ have lost it while shopping. A. may B. can C. should D. would

13 (NMET2008 陕西)-What sort of house do you want to have? Something big? --Well, it ______ be big--that's not important. A. mustn't B. needn't C. can't D. won't

14(2008 上海春)When I was young, I was told that I ______ play with matches A. wouldn't B. needn't C. mustn't D. daren't

15(NMET2008 上海) According to the air traffic rules, you ___ switch off your mobile phone before boarding. A. may B. can C. would D. should

16(NMET2008 北京) John promised his doctor he _____ not smoke and he has never smoked ever since. A. might B. should C. could D. would

17(NMET2007 全国 I)—How’s your tour around the North Lake? Is it beautiful?

—It ________ be, but it is now heavily polluted. A. will B. would C. should D. must

18(2006 湖北, 31) __________ fired, your health care and other benefits will not be immediately cut off. A. Would you be B. Should you be C. Could you be D. Might you be

19 2006 福建卷,27) If it were not for the fact that she_______sing, I would invite her to the ( . party. A.couldn’t B.shouldn’t C.can’t D.might not

20(2007 全国卷 II, 8) _______ he had not hurt his leg, John would have won the race. A. If B. Since C. Though D. When

21(2008 山东卷, 24) Thank you for all your hard work last week. I don’t think we ____ it without you. A. can manage C. could manage 22.——My cat’s really fat. ——You____________have given her so much food. (2007 浙江卷) A.wouldn’t B.couldn’t C.shouldn’t D.mustn’t 23.I told your friend how to get to the hotel, but I perhaps I __________ have driven her there. (2007 陕西卷) A.could B.must C.might D.should 24——Do you think it necessary that he ________ to Miami but to New York? ——I agree, but the problem is ________ he has refused to. (2005 年江苏卷) A.will not be sent; that B.not be sent; that C.should not be sent;what D.should not send; what 25.Eliza remembers everything exactly as if it _________ yesterday. (2006 全国卷 I) A.was happeningB.happens B. could have managed D. can have managed

C.has happened D.happened

【两年模拟】 两年模拟】

08、 08、09 名校模拟题及其答案

1. Zhang Lin was addicted to computer games during his last year in high school , otherwise he ____________a student of Beijing University . A.would have been B.should be C.has been D.had been

2. ---Your sister nearly _______ all her spare time to her study during the three years. ----That's right, or she ________ the first place in her school in the College Entrance Examination. A. devoted; wouldn't have taken C. had devoted; hadn't taken 3.—Any information about your son? —No. If only I ______ those tough words to him. A.didn't say C.shouldn't have said B.hadn't said D.couldn't have said B. spent; wouldn't have taken D. had spent; couldn't take

4. It is vital that we _____ act out at once to protect the environment. A. would B. should C. will D. can

5. John’s pale face suggested that he ______ill, and his parents suggested that he ______a medical examination. A. be, should have 6. results. A.have achieved C.should have achieved 7. --Where have you been? --I in the heavy traffic. Otherwise I here earlier. B.shouldn’t have achieved D.would achieve B. was, have C. should be, had D. was, has

But for the leadership of our Party and our Government, we __________ these splendid

A. got stuck; would have come

B. got stuck; was

C. have got stuck; would have come

D. had got stuck; would come

8He hesitated for a moment before kicking the ball, otherwise he ____ a goal. A. had scored C. would score B. scored D. would have scored

9. When a pencil is partly in a glass of water, it looks as if it ______. A. breaks C. were broken B. has broken D. had been broken

10. But for the help you gave me, I _______ the examinations. A. would have passed C. wouldn’t have passed B. would pass D. wouldn’t pass

11. I forget where I read the article, or I _____ it to you now. A. will show B. would show C. am going to show D. am showing

12. “It looks as if he were drunk.” “So it does. _____.” A. He’d better give up drinking B. He shouldn’t have drunk so much C. Health is more important than drink D. I wonder why he is always doing so 13. “Mary looks hot and dry” “So _____ you if you had so high a fever.” A. do B. are C. will D. would

14. “He will come tomorrow.” “But I’d rather he _____ the day after tomorrow.” A. will come C. came B. is coming D. had come

15. All the doctors in the hospital insisted that he ____ badly wounded and that he ____ at once. A. should be; be operated on B. were; must be operated on C. was; should be operated D. was; be operated on 16. ______ smoking, he would not have got cancer in the lung. A. Was he given up B. Had he given up

C. Did he give

D. If he gave up

17. “I still haven’t thanked Aunt Lucy for her present.” “It’s time you _____.” A. do B. did C. had D. would

18. “Do you know his address?” “No, I also wish I _____ where he _____.” A. knew, live C. know, lives B. knew, lives D. know, lived

19. It is hard for me to imagine what I would be doing today if I ____ in love, at the age of seven, with the Melinda Cox Library in my hometown. A. wouldn’t have fallen C. should fall B. had not fallen D. were to fall

20. Without the air to hold some of the sun’s heat, the earth at night ____ for us to live. A. would be freezing cold C. would be frozen cold B. will be freezing coldly D. can freeze coldly

21.________ fired, your health care and other benefits will not be immediately cut off. A. Would you be C. Could you be B. Should you be D. Might you be

22.You can’t imagine that a well-behaved gentleman _____ be so rude to a lady. A. might B. need C. should D. would

23.—Excuse me. But I want to use your computer to type a report. —You _____have my computer if you don’t take care of it . A. shan’t B. might not C. needn’t D. shouldn’t

24. He _____ have completed his work; otherwise, he wouldn’t be enjoying himself by the seaside. A. should B. must C. wouldn’t D. can’t

25. I ______ have been more than six years old when the accident happened. A. shouldn’t B. couldn’t C. mustn’t D. needn’t

26. There _____ be any difficulty about passing the road test since you have practiced a lot in the driving school. A. mustn’t B. shan’t C. shouldn’t D. needn’t

27. I was on the highway when this car went past fol. Lowed by a police car. They ______ at least 150 kilometers an hour. A. should have been doing C. could have done B. must have been doing D. would have done

28. — I’ve taken someone else’s green sweater by mistake. — It ______ Harry’s. He always wears green. A. has to be B. will be C. mustn’t be D. could be

29. — Catherine, I have cleaned the room for you. — Thanks. You ______ it. I could manage it myself. A. needn’t do C. mustn’t do B. needn’t have done D. shouldn’t have done

30. — Lucy doesn’t mind lending you her dictionary. — She _______. I’ve already borrowed one. A. can’t B. mustn’t C. needn’t D. shouldn’t

【一年原创】 一年原创】

2008 和 2009 原创试题及其解析

1. “I still haven’t thanked Aunt Lucy for her present.” “It’s time you _____.” A. do C. had B. did D. would

2. If I hadn’t been lucky enough to meet you. I really _____ what I would have done. A. don’t know C. wasn’t knowing B. hadn’t known D. wouldn’t know

3. “I’ve told everyone about it.” “Oh, I’d rather you _____.” A. don’t C. couldn’t B. hadn’t D. wouldn’t

4. It has been raining for a day, but even though it hadn’t rained, we _____ there by tomorrow. A. can’t get B. won’t get

C. hadn’t got

D. wouldn’t get

5. “Do you know his address?” “No, I also wish I _____ where he _____.” A. knew, live C. know, lives B. knew, lives D. know, lived

6. “Isn’t it about time you _____ to do morning exercises?” “Yes, it is. Would you like to join us?” A. begin C. began B. have begun D. had begun

7. It is hard for me to imagine what I would be doing today if I ____ in love, at the age of seven, with the Melinda Cox Library in my hometown. A. wouldn’t have fallen C. should fall B. had not fallen D. were to fall

8. He hesitated for a moment before kicking the ball, otherwise he ____ a goal. A. had scored C. would score B. scored D. would have scored

9. If only he _______ quietly as the doctor instructed, he would not suffer so much now. A. lies C. had lain B. lay D. should lie

10. Without the air to hold some of the sun’s heat, the earth at night ____ for us to live. A. would be freezing cold C. would be frozen cold B. will be freezing coldly D. can freeze coldly

11. Yesterday, Jane walked away from the discussion. Otherwise, she ____ something she would regret later. A. had said C. might say B. said D. might have said

12. You didn’t let me drive. If we ____ in turn, you ____ so tired. A. drove; didn’t get B. drove; wouldn’t get D. had driven; wouldn’t have got

C. were driving; wouldn’t get

13. When a pencil is partly in a glass of water, it looks as if it ______. A. breaks B. has broken

C. were broken

D. had been broken

14. — Tom is never late for work. Why is he absent today ? — Something _______ to him. A. must happen C. could have happened B. should have happened D. must have happened

15. The World Wide Web is sometimes jokingly called the World Wide Wait because it ______ be very slow. A. should B. must C. will D. can

16. Helen ______ go on the trip with us, but she isn’t quite sure yet. A. shall B. must C. may D. can

17. — The woman biologist stayed in Africa studying wild animals for 13 years before she returned. — Oh, dear ! She ______ a lot of difficulties ! A. may go through C. ought to have gone through B. might go through D. must have gone through

18. He paid for a seat, when he ______ have entered free. A. could B. would C. must D. need

19. This cake is very sweet. You _____ a lot of sugar in it. A. should put B. could have put C. might put D. must have put

20. — Do you know where David is ? I couldn’t find him anywhere. — Well. He ______ have gone far –his coat’s still here. A. shouldn’t B. mustn’t C. can’t D. wouldn’t

21. If I ________ plan to do anything I wanted to. I’d like to go to Tibet and travel through as much of it as possible. A. would B. could C. had to D. ought to

22. — Shall I give you a ride as you live so far away ? — Thank you. _______. A. It couldn’t be better C. If you like B. Of course you can D. It’s up to you

【考点预测】 2010 高考预测 考点预测】

【母题特供】每个专题 5 道最典型试题 母题特供】
母题一 母题一、虚拟语气的基本用法 If I ______ plan to do anything I want to,I’d like to go to Tibet and travel through as much of it as possible. A.would B.could C.had to D.ought to

母题二 母题二、含蓄虚拟条件句 Thank you for all your hard work last week.I don’t think we ______ it without you. A.can manage C.could managed B.could have managed D.can have managed

母题三 母题三、名词性从句中的虚拟语气

在含有表示坚持、建议、命令、要求等含义的名词性从句和在 it 做形式宾语或形式主 语的复合句中,宾语补足语是 necessary/strange/essential/natural/a pity/a shame 等表示“惊奇、 惋惜或者理应如此”等含义时,从句中的谓语动词需用“should+动词原形” ,其中 should 可 以省略。例如: —Don’t you think it necessary that he ______ to Miami but to New York? —I agree,but the problem is ______ he has refused to. A.will not be sent;that C.should not be sent;what B.not be sent;that D.should not send;what

母题四、 母题四、情态动词基本含义的考查 情态动词的基本含义,一直是高考考查的重要内容。例如: 1. The fire spread through the hotel very quickly but everyone______get out. A. had to B. would C. was able to D. could

母题五、 母题五、情态动词表示虚拟的考查 情态动词+have+过去分词表示与过去事实上相反的情况,也是高考单项选择题涉及到 情态动词的一个重要方面。 1. There was a lot of fun at yesterday’s party. You______come, but why didn’ t you? A. must have C. need have B. should D. ought to have


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