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全新版大学英语综合教程第三册Unit2官方版课件_图文

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1. English Song -- Abraham, Martin & John 2. Text Prediction

3. Background Information

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English Song -- Abraham, Martin & John

Think While Listening Read the Script of the Song

People in the Song

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Think While Listening Listen to the song Abraham, Martin & John, sung by Dion, and think about the following questions. 1. A few names are mentioned in this song. Can you make out whom these people are? Clues: They are all Americans. All died young. They freed a lot of people. They are Abraham Lincoln, John F. Kennedy, Martin Luther King and Bobby Kennedy. 2. Do you know why they all died young? 3. Whom did they free?


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Read the Script of the Song

Has anybody here, Seen my old friend Abraham, Can you tell me, where he’s gone, He freed a lotta people, But it seems the good die young, I just looked around, And he’s gone, Has anybody here, Seen my old friend John, Can you tell me, where he’s gone,


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People in the Song 1. Abraham Lincoln

Abraham Lincoln was the sixteenth president of the US. As President, he issued the Emancipation Proclamation (奴隶解放宣言) that declared forever free those slaves within the Confederacy (南 部邦联). During the Civil War Lincoln stated most movingly in dedicating the military cemetery at Gettysburg: “that we here highly resolve that these dead shall not have died in vain -- that this nation, under


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2. John F. Kennedy

John Fitzgerald Kennedy was the thirty-fifth president of the US. In his Inaugural Address (就职演说) he said: “Ask not what your country can do for you -- ask what you can do for your country.” As President, he took vigorous action in the cause of equal rights, calling for new civil rights legislation. On November 22, 1963, when he was hardly past his first thousand days in office, John F. Kennedy was killed by an


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3. Martin Luther King

Dr. King was a pivotal (关键) figure in the Civil Rights Movement. His lectures and dialogues stirred (激起) the concern and sparked the conscience of a generation. In one of his speeches, he said, “I have a dream that my four children will one day live in a nation where they will not be judged by the color of their skin, but by the content of their character. I have a dream today. I have a dream that


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4. Bobby Kennedy

Bobby Kennedy or Robert F. Kennedy, was the brother of President John F. Kennedy. He was appointed attorney general (司法部长) of the United States in the early 1960s. In September 1962, Attorney General Kennedy enforced a Federal court order admitting the first African American student -- James Meredith -- to the University of Mississippi. The riot (暴动) that had followed Meredith’s registration


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Text Prediction Read the introductory part of the text and think about the following questions. In 2004 a center in honor of the “underground railroad” opens in Cincinnati. The railroad was unusual. It sold no tickets and had no trains. Yet it carried thousands of passengers to the destination of their dreams. 1. What is an underground railroad in the normal sense? 2. What is this underground railroad special for? 3. Can you imagine what this railroad was built for? 4. What probably are the dreams of the passengers? 5. What probably is the destination of their dreams? 6. What is the text probably about?

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Background Information Map Reading Timeline of Slavery The Underground Railroad Uncle Tom’s Cabin

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Map Reading Read the following three maps and answer the following questions.

Click the map to enlarge!
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1. Find the following states:
Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia. Which part do these states belong to, the Northern States or the Southern States? 2. Which states are most densely populated with slaves? 3. Where did most slaves want to go?

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Timeline of Slavery 1619 -- Slaves in Virginia Africans brought to Jamestown are the first slaves imported into Britain’s North American colonies. 1705 -- Slaves as Property Describing slaves as real estate, Virginia lawmakers allow owners to bequeath their slaves. The same law allowed masters to “kill and destroy” runaways. 1775 -- American Revolution Begins Battles at the Massachusetts towns of Lexington and Concord on April 19 spark the war for American independence from Britain.

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Timeline of Slavery 1776 -- Declaration of Independence The Continental Congress asserts “that these United Colonies are, and of Right ought to be Free and Independent States”. 1783 -- American Revolution Ends Britain and the infant United States sign the Peace of Paris treaty. 1808 -- United States Bans Slave Trade Importing African slaves is outlawed, but smuggling continues. 1860 -- Abraham Lincoln Elected Abraham Lincoln of Illinois becomes the first Republican to win the United States Presidency.

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Timeline of Slavery

1861~1865 -- United States Civil War Four years of brutal conflict claim 623,000 lives.
1863 -- Emancipation Proclamation President Abraham Lincoln decrees that all slaves in Rebel territory are free on January 1, 1863. 1865 -- Slavery Abolished The 13th Amendment to the United States Constitution outlaws slavery.

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The Underground Railroad 1. General Information The Underground Railroad was not underground. Because escaping slaves and the people who helped them were technically breaking the law, they had to stay out of sight. They went “underground” in terms of concealing their actions. Sometimes they even hid in unusual places. Many clever and creative ideas helped slaves during their escape. When abolitionist (废奴主义者) John Fairfield needed to sneak (偷偷摸摸地进行) 28 slaves over the roads near Cincinnati, he hired a hearse (灵车) and disguised the group as a funeral procession. Henry “Box” Brown, a slave, had himself shipped from Richmond to Philadelphia in a wooden box.


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The Underground Railroad 2. Routes to Freedom The routes the slaves traveled appear in this map. The trip is 560 miles (900 kilometers) long. A strong, lucky runaway might have made it to freedom in two months. For others, especially in bad weather, the trek (跋涉) might have lasted a year.

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Uncle Tom’s Cabin Uncle Tom’s Cabin, written by Harriet Beecher Stowe, is one of the most famous and popular pieces of Civil War literature. Drawn from selected pieces of real life anecdotes, Uncle Tom’s Cabin was a book that drew many people into the fight over the institution of slavery. Northerners hailed ( 欢 呼 ) the book, while southern slaveholders abhorred it.


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1. True or False 2. Part Division of the Text 3. Further Understanding For Part 1 Questions and Answers For Part 2 Text Analysis

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True or False 1. Just like Uncle Tom in Uncle Tom’s Cabin, Josiah Henson was a long-suffering slave who was unwilling to stand up for himself. ( F ) According to Barbara Carter, Josiah Henson was a man of principle and totally different from Uncle Tom. 2. All the men and women who forged the Underground Railroad were blacks. ( F ) Some whites were driven by religious convictions and took part in this movement.

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True or False 3. These railroad conductors were frequently faced with death threats and warnings from the local government. (T)

4. Many fugitives chose Canada as their primary destination because slavery had been abolished there. (T)

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Part Division of the Text
Parts Lines Main Ideas It is high time to honor the heroes who helped liberate slaves by forging the Underground Railroad in the early civilrights struggles in America. By citing examples the author praises the exploits of civil-rights heroes who helped slaves travel the Underground Railroad to freedom.

1

1~31

2

32~114

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Questions and Answers 1. Both Josiah Henson and Uncle Tom were slaves. But in the eyes of Barbara Carter, they were different. In what way was Josiah Henson different from Uncle Tom? Uncle Tom was an enduring slave and unwilling to struggle for himself, while Josiah Henson did what he believed was right and took an active part in the antislavery movement. 2. Why was Henson called an African-American Moses? In the Bible, Moses was the leader who brought the Israelites out of slavery in Egypt and led them to the Promised Land. Just like Moses, Henson helped hundreds of slaves to escape to Canada and liberty, so he was called an African-American Moses.

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Questions and Answers 3. What was the Underground Railroad? Who forged it? The Underground Railroad was a secret web of escape routes and safe houses. Many men and women, including both the blacks and whites, together forged it. 4. Why does the author want to tell the readers the stories of the heroes of the Underground Railroad? Because most of them remain too little remembered and their exploits are still largely unsung.

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Text Analysis
In this part, the author tells the stories of three civil-rights heroes. Who are they? Give the main idea of each story. Stories 1 Heroes Lines Main Ideas After winning his own freedom from slavery, John Parker helped other slaves to escape north to Canada to get freedom. Supported by a strong religious conviction, the white man Levi Coffin helped black slaves to escape at huge risk. By traveling the Underground Railroad, Josiah Henson reached his destination and became free at last.

John Parker

32~57

2

Levi Coffin

58~86

3

Josiah 87~114 Henson

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After Reading
1. Useful Expressions 2. Listen and Answer 3. Problem Solving 4. Writing Practice 5. Proverbs and Quotations

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Useful Expressions

1.微风 2.支持

a gentle breeze stand up for

3.有原则的人
4.历史遗迹

a man of principle
a historic site

5.解放奴隶

liberate slaves

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Useful Expressions

6.决定要做某事 7.轻轻的敲门声

be intent on doing sth. a soft knock

8.铸铁
9.报告消息

iron molding
spread the news

10.宗教信仰

religious convictions

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Useful Expressions

11.得到庇护 12.下一段行程

find refuge next leg of the journey

13.主要路线
14.面临危险

principal routes
face risks

15.课以罚金

impose a fine

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Useful Expressions

16.记录 17.路标 18.出殡队伍 19.未开垦的土地 20.在(某人)看来

keep a log of

road signs
a funeral procession

a virgin land
in the eyes of (sb.)

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Listen and Answer 1. Listen to the personal account of runaway slave Linda Brent and answer the following questions. Peter took me in his boat and raised me on board. About four o’clock, we rowed three miles to the swamp (沼泽). My great fear of snakes had been increased by the bite I had received. But I was in no situation to choose, and I gratefully accepted the best that my poor friends could do for me. A very small garret (顶楼) was between the boards and the roof. The garret was only nine feet long and seven feet wide. The air was stifling (沉闷的); the darkness total. The rats and mice ran over my bed. It seemed horrible to sit or lie in a cramped (狭促的)
II


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1. What were Linda’s biggest fears? She feared that the snakes might bite her. 2. What conditions did she have to endure? She had to endure the cramped garret, the rats, the stifling air and the darkness. 3. Why was she disappointed with what she found in New York? It made her sad to find the north followed the customs of slavery.

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Problem Solving If you had been free individuals living at the time, do you think you would have assisted in helping the slaves to freedom? Consider the pros and cons of your decisions, including the dangers for yourselves if you decided to help.

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Writing Practice How do you usually find the information you need in a paper? By using the library resources? It’s a sound idea. But you may have a better choice just by letting your fingers do the job. Guess what it is? Right! The Internet! You have learned quite a lot about the Underground Railroad now, but you may want to know more about what it was like to travel along the Underground Railroad. Here’s how: go through the journey on nationalgeographic.com’s Underground Railroad site (www.nationalgeographic.com/features/railroad). And your homework is to write a composition about the conditions in which slaves lived and some of the dangers that an escaping slave faced.

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Proverbs and Quotations 1. Give me liberty, or give me death.
不自由,毋宁死。

2. A new breeze is blowing -- and a nation refreshed by freedom stands ready to push on: there is new ground to be broken, and new action to be taken. -- George Bush, American president
一阵新风正在吹来 — 为自由激励的民族随时准备前进:开 拓新的道路,采取新的行动。 — 美国总统 G. 布 什

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Proverbs and Quotations 3. A man is either free or he is not. There cannot be any apprenticeship for freedom. -- I. A. Baraka, French writer
人要么是自由的,要么是不自由的,从来就不存在过渡阶段。

— 法国作家 I. A. 巴拉卡

4. Is life so dear, or peace so sweet, as to be purchased at the price of chains and slavery? -- Patrick Henry, American revolutionary
难道生命如此宝贵,和平如此甜美,以至于不惜以枷锁和奴役 为代价来换取吗? — 美国革命家 P. 亨利

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Proverbs and Quotations 5. Liberty, when it begins to take root, is a plant of rapid growth. -- George Washington, Father of the United States
自由一旦生根,便是棵迅猛生长 的植物。

— 美国国父 G. 华盛顿

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THE FREEDOM GIVERS A gentle breeze swept the Canadian plains as I stepped outside the small two-story house. Alongside me was a slender woman in a black dress, my guide back to a time when the surrounding settlement in Dresden, Ontario, was home to a hero in American history. As we walked toward a plain gray church, Barbara Carter spoke proudly of her great-great-grandfather, Josiah Henson. “He was confident that the Creator intended all men to be created equal. And he never gave up struggling for that freedom. ”

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Carter’s devotion to her ancestor is about more than personal pride: it is about family honor. For Josiah Henson

has lived on through the character in American fiction that
he helped inspire: Uncle Tom, the long-suffering slave in Harriet Beecher Stowe’s Uncle Tom’s Cabin. Ironically, that character has come to symbolize everything Henson was

not. A racial sellout unwilling to stand up for himself? Carter
gets angry at the thought. “Josiah Henson was a man of principle,” she said firmly.

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I had traveled here to Henson’s last home -- now a historic site that Carter formerly directed -- to learn more about a man who was, in many ways, an African-American Moses. After winning his own freedom from slavery, Henson secretly helped hundreds of other slaves to escape north to Canada -- and liberty. Many settled here in Dresden with him. Yet this stop was only part of a much larger mission for me. Josiah Henson is but one name on a long list of courageous men and women who together forged the Underground Railroad, a secret web of escape routes and safe houses that they used to liberate slaves from the American South. Between 1820 and 1860, as many as 100,000 slaves traveled the Railroad to freedom.

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In

October

2000,

President

Clinton authorized $16 million for the National Underground Railroad

Freedom Center to honor this first
great civil-rights struggle in the U. S.

The center is scheduled to open in 2004 in Cincinnati. And
it’s about time. For the heroes of the Underground Railroad remain too little remembered, their exploits still largely unsung. I was intent on telling their stories.

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John Parker tensed when he heard the soft knock. Peering out his door into the night, he recognized the face of a trusted neighbor. “There’s a party of escaped slaves hiding in the woods in Kentucky, twenty miles from the river,” the man whispered urgently. Parker didn’t hesitate. “I’ll go,” he said, pushing a pair of pistols into his pockets.

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Born a slave two decades before, in the 1820s, Parker had been taken from his mother at age eight and forced to walk in chains from Virginia to Alabama, where he was sold on the slave market. Determined to live free someday, he managed to get trained in iron molding. Eventually he saved enough money working at this trade on the side to buy his freedom. Now, by day, Parker worked in an iron foundry in the Ohio port of Ripley. By night he was a “conductor” on the Underground Railroad, helping people slip by the slave hunters. In Kentucky, where he was now headed, there was a $1000 reward for his capture, dead or alive.

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Crossing the Ohio River on that chilly night, Parker found ten fugitives frozen with fear. “Get your bundles and follow me, ” he told them, leading the eight men and two women toward the river. They had almost reached shore when a watchman spotted them and raced off to spread the news. Parker saw a small boat and, with a shout, pushed the escaping slaves into it. There was room for all but two. As the boat slid across the river, Parker watched helplessly as the pursuers closed in around the men he was forced to leave behind.

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The others made it to the Ohio shore, where Parker hurriedly arranged for a wagon to take them to the next “station” on the Underground Railroad -- the first leg of their journey to safety in Canada. Over the course of his life, John Parker guided more than 400 slaves to safety. While black conductors were often motivated by their own painful experiences, whites were commonly driven by religious convictions. Levi Coffin, a Quaker raised in North Carolina, explained, “The Bible, in bidding us to feed the hungry and clothe the naked, said nothing about color.”

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In the 1820s Coffin moved west to Newport (now Fountain City), Indiana, where he opened a store. Word spread that fleeing slaves could always find refuge at the Coffin home. At times he sheltered as many as 17 fugitives at once, and he kept a team and wagon ready to convey them on the next leg of their journey. Eventually three principal routes converged at the Coffin house, which came to be the Grand Central Terminal of the Underground Railroad.

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For his efforts, Coffin received frequent death threats and warnings that his store and home would be burned. Nearly every conductor faced similar risks -- or worse. In the North, a magistrate might have imposed a fine or a brief jail sentence for aiding those escaping. In the Southern states, whites were sentenced to months or even years in jail. One courageous Methodist minister, Calvin Fairbank, was imprisoned for more than 17 years in Kentucky, where he kept a log of his beatings: 35,105 stripes with the whip. As for the slaves, escape meant a journey of hundreds of miles through unknown country, where they were usually easy to recognize. With no road signs and few maps, they had to put their trust in directions passed by word of mouth and in secret signs -- nails driven into trees, for example -that conductors used to mark the route north.

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Many slaves traveled under cover of night, their faces sometimes caked with white powder. Quakers often dressed their “passengers,” both male and female, in gray dresses, deep bonnets and full veils. On one occasion, Levi Coffin was transporting so many runaway slaves that he disguised them as a funeral procession. Canada was the primary destination for many fugitives. Slavery had been abolished there in 1833, and Canadian authorities encouraged the runaways to settle their vast virgin land. Among them was Josiah Henson.

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As a boy in Maryland, Henson watched as his entire family was sold to different buyers, and he saw his mother harshly beaten when she tried to keep him with her. Making the best of his lot, Henson worked diligently and rose far in his owner’s regard. Money problems eventually compelled his master to send Henson, his wife and children to a brother in Kentucky. After laboring there for several years, Henson heard alarming news: the new master was planning to sell him for plantation work far away in the Deep South. The slave would be separated forever from his family. There was only one answer: flight. “I knew the North Star,” Henson wrote years later. “Like the star of Bethlehem, it announced where my salvation lay. ”

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At huge risk, Henson and his wife set off with their four children. Two weeks later, starving and exhausted, the family reached Cincinnati, where they made contact with members of the Underground Railroad. “Carefully they provided for our welfare, and then they set us thirty miles on our way by wagon.” The Hensons continued north, arriving at last in Buffalo, N. Y. There a friendly captain pointed across the Niagara River. “‘Do you see those trees?’ he said. ‘They grow on free soil.’” He gave Henson a dollar and arranged for a boat, which carried the slave and his family across the river to Canada.

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“I threw myself on the ground, rolled in the sand and danced around, till, in the eyes of several who were present, I passed for a madman. ‘He’s some crazy fellow,’ said a Colonel Warren.” “‘Oh, no! Don’t you know? I’m free!’”

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THE FREEDOM GIVERS A gentle breeze swept the Canadian plains as I stepped outside the small two-story house. Alongside me was a slender woman in a black dress, my guide back to a time when the surrounding settlement in Dresden, Ontario, was home to a hero in American history. As we walked toward a plain gray church, Barbara Carter spoke proudly of her great-great-grandfather, Josiah Henson. “He was confident that the Creator intended all men to be created equal. And he never gave up struggling for that freedom. ”

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THE FREEDOM GIVERS A gentle breeze swept the Canadian plains as I stepped outside the small two-story house. Alongside me was a A gentle breeze blew over the garden. slender woman in a black dress, my guide back to a time 凉爽清新的微风 when the surrounding settlement in Dresden, Ontario, was a cool, refreshing breeze home to a hero in American history. As we walked toward a plain gray church, Barbara Carter spoke proudly of her are related to wind. Can you NB: All of the following words match them with their definitions? great-great-grandfather, Josiah Henson. “He was confident that the Creator intended all men to be Close Next created equal. And he never gave up struggling for that freedom. ”
breeze: n. a gentle wind

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THE FREEDOM GIVERS A gentle breeze swept the Canadian plains as I stepped outside the small two-story house. Alongside me was a a strong, abrupt rush of wind slender woman in a black dress, my guide back to a time when the surrounding settlement in Dresden, Ontario, was ahome very strong to awind hero in American history. As we walked toward a plain gray church, Barbara Carter spoke proudly of her agreat-great-grandfather, severe tropical cyclone, usu. involving Josiah heavy rains Henson. “He was confident that the Creator intended all men to be a rotating column of air created equal. And he never gave up struggling for that freedom. ”
Close

hurricane

gust

gust

gale

gale

hurricane

tornado

tornado

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THE FREEDOM GIVERS A gentle breeze swept the Canadian plains as I stepped outside small two-story 1. (of people) slim; not very wide butthe comparatively long or high house. Alongside me was a slender woman in a black dress, my guide back to a time slender fingers when the surrounding settlement in Dresden, Ontario, was a slender waist home to a hero in American history. As we walked toward a 有苗条身材的女子 plain a woman with a slender figuregray church, Barbara Carter spoke proudly of her great-great-grandfather, Josiah 2. (of things) slight; inadequate Henson. “He was confident that the a slender income Creator intended all men to be 渺茫的希望 created equal. And he never gave slender hopes up struggling for that freedom. ”
slender: adj.
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THE FREEDOM GIVERS A gentle breeze swept the Canadian plains as I stepped 这几个词都有细小、瘦弱之意。 outside the small two-story house. Alongside me was a slender 主要表示苗条之瘦,往往含有瘦得好看或匀称的意思。例如: slender woman in a black dress, my guide back to a time Film actress Zhang Ziyi is a slender woman. when the surrounding settlement in Dresden, Ontario, was 电影演员章子怡身材苗条。 home to a hero in American history. As we walked toward a When the wind blows, the slender tree bends but never breaks. plain gray church, Barbara Carter spoke proudly of her 起风时,这棵细长的树常弯曲但决不会断。 great-great-grandfather, Josiah thin 表示人或物的直径与长度的比例较小。例如: Henson. “He was confident that the People usually get thinner after an illness. Creator intended all men to be 生病后,人们通常变得瘦一些。 created equal. And he never gave This metal may be thin but is of great strength. up struggling for that freedom. ” 这种金属虽然很薄,但强度却很高。
CF: slender, thin & slim
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THE FREEDOM GIVERS
slim 用于指人与动物时,其含义与slender相同,但在引申意义上却侧

A gentle breeze swept the Canadian plains as I stepped 重于贫乏和不足状态。例如: outside the small two-story house. Alongside me was a slender woman in a black dress, my guide back to a time As a slim boy, he has now filled out. when the surrounding settlement in Dresden, Ontario, was 他原是一个清瘦的男孩,现在胖多了。 home to a in exam American history. As we walked toward a To tell you the truth, your chances tohero pass the are too slim. plain gray church, Barbara Carter spoke proudly of her 实话告诉你,你考试过关的希望实在是太小了。 great-great-grandfather, Josiah Henson. “He was confident that the Creator intended all men to be created equal. And he never gave up struggling for that freedom. ”
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Carter’s devotion to her ancestor is about more than personal pride: it is about family honor. For Josiah Henson

has lived on through the character in American fiction that
he helped inspire: Uncle Tom, the long-suffering slave in Harriet Beecher Stowe’s Uncle Tom’s Cabin. Ironically, that character has come to symbolize everything Henson was

not. A racial sellout unwilling to stand up for himself? Carter
gets angry at the thought. “Josiah Henson was a man of principle,” she said firmly.

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Carter’s devotion to her ancestor is about more than personal pride: it is about family honor. For Josiah Henson
Paraphrase the sentence.

has lived on through the character in American fiction that
he helped inspire: Uncle Tom, the long-suffering slave in Harriet Beecher Stowe’s Uncle Tom’s Cabin. Ironically, that character has come to symbolize everything Henson was

Josiah Henson observed/followed moral principles.

not. A racial sellout unwilling to stand up for himself? Carter
gets angry at the thought. “Josiah Henson was a man of Close principle,” she said firmly.

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racial: adj. relating to a person’s race, or to different races of personal pride: it is about family people There is a serious racial conflict in that has lived on African country.
他是种族歧视的牺牲者。

Carter’s devotion to her ancestor is about more than honor. For Josiah Henson

through the character in American fiction that
Stowe’s Uncle Tom’s Cabin. Ironically, that

he helped inspire: Uncle Tom, the long-suffering slave in character has come to symbolize everything Henson was

Harriet Beecher He was a victim of racial discrimination.

not. A racial sellout unwilling to stand up for himself? Carter
gets angry at the thought. “Josiah Henson was a man of principle,” she said firmly.
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stand up for: speak, work, etc. in favor of sb./sth.; support personal pride: it is about sb./sth Don’t be afraid tohas stand up foron your rights. lived through
我所有的朋友都会支持我。

Carter’s devotion to her ancestor is about more than family honor. For Josiah Henson

the character in American fiction that

All my friends will stand up for me.

he helped inspire: Uncle Tom, the long-suffering slave in Beecher Stowe’s Uncle Tom’s Cabin. Ironically, that come to symbolize everything Henson was

Harriet stand up to: 勇敢地面对;经得起
士兵必须敢于面对危险。 not. 你的论点根本经不起仔细检查。

character has A soldier must stand up to the danger.

A racial sellout unwilling to stand up for himself? Carter

gets angry at the thought. “Josiah Henson was a man of principle,” she said firmly.
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Your argument just won’t stand up to close scrutiny.

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Carter’s devotion to her ancestor is about more than
principle: a rule or standard, especially of good behavior personal pride: it is about She was a woman of principle.

family honor. For Josiah Henson the long-suffering slave in

I usually follow the principle that it is better not to get involved he helped inspire: Uncle Tom, in other people’s quarrels.
我们恪守对大家都一视同仁的原则。

has lived on through the character in American fiction that
Harriet Beecher Stowe’s Uncle Tom’s Cabin. Ironically, that character has come to symbolize everything Henson was

We adhere to the principle that everyone should be treated fairly. not. A racial sellout unwilling

to stand up for himself? Carter

gets angry at the thought. “Josiah Henson was a man of
Close principle,” she said firmly. Next

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Carter’s devotion to her ancestor is about more than
Collocation:

personal pride: it is about family honor. For Josiah Henson

against one’s principle

has lived on through the character in American fiction that
he helped inspire: Uncle Tom, the long-suffering slave in Harriet Beecher Stowe’s Uncle Tom’s Cabin. Ironically, that character has come to symbolize everything Henson was
坚持原则 有原则的 按照原则,根据原则 作为原则性问题

违反原则

as a matter of principle by principle of principle

adhere to one’s principles abandon one’s principles

not. A racial sellout unwilling to stand up for himself? Carter 抛弃原则
gets angry at the thought. “Josiah Henson was a man of principle,” she said firmly. Close

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I had traveled here to Henson’s last home -- now a historic site that Carter formerly directed -- to learn more about a man who was, in many ways, an African-American Moses. After winning his own freedom from slavery, Henson secretly helped hundreds of other slaves to escape north to Canada -- and liberty. Many settled here in Dresden with him. Yet this stop was only part of a much larger mission for me. Josiah Henson is but one name on a long list of courageous men and women who together forged the Underground Railroad, a secret web of escape routes and safe houses that they used to liberate slaves from the American South. Between 1820 and 1860, as many as 100,000 slaves traveled the Railroad to freedom.

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I had traveled here to Henson’s last home -- now a historic site that Carter formerly directed -- to learn more about a man who was, in many ways, an African-American 1. Who was Moses? Moses. After winning his own freedom from slavery, Henson In the Old Testament, Moses was the Hebrew prophet secretly and lawgiver who led thehelped Israeliteshundreds out of Egypt.of other slaves to escape north to Canada -- and liberty. Many settled here in Dresden with 2. Why was Henson called an African-American Moses? him. Henson, a black who lived in America, helped other Yet this stop was only part of a much larger mission for blacks escape from the US. me. Josiah Henson is but one name on a long list of courageous men and women who together forged the Close Underground Railroad, a secret web of escape routes and safe houses that they used to liberate slaves from the American South. Between 1820 and 1860, as many as 100,000 slaves traveled the Railroad to freedom.

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I had traveled here to Henson’s last home -- now a historic site that Carter formerly directed -- to learn more about aofman was, in many ways, an African-American What is the part of speech but inwho this sentence? And what does but mean? After winning his own freedom from slavery, Henson Moses. secretly helped hundreds of other slaves to escape north to Canada -- and liberty. Here but is an adverb, which means “only”. Many settled here in Dresden with him. Yet this stop was only part of a much larger mission for me. Josiah Henson is but one name on a long list of courageous men and women who together forged the Close Underground Railroad, a secret web of escape routes and safe houses that they used to liberate slaves from the American South. Between 1820 and 1860, as many as 100,000 slaves traveled the Railroad to freedom.

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I had traveled here to Henson’s last home -- now a historic site that Carter formerly directed -- to learn more historic: adj. famous or important in history about a man who was, in many ways, an African-American a historic spot Moses. After winning his own freedom from slavery, Henson 两位领导人的具有历史意义的会见 secretly helped a historic meeting between the two leadershundreds of other slaves to escape north to CF: historic & historical Canada -- and liberty. Many settled here in Dresden with 这两个词都是形容词,都有“历史上的”之意。 him. historic 泛指历史上有名的或富有历史意义的。例如: Yet this stop was only part of a much larger mission for This change in government is a historic event of our times. me. Josiah Henson is but one name on a long list of 这项政府变革是当代具有历史意义的大事。 courageous men and women who together forged the The signing of the Declaration of Independence was a Underground Railroad, a secret web of escape routes and historic occasion. safe houses that they used to liberate slaves from the 《独立宣言》的签署是具有历史意义的事件。 American South. Between 1820 and 1860, as many as Close Next 100,000 slaves traveled the Railroad to freedom.

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I had traveled here to Henson’s last home -- now a historic site that Carter formerly directed -- to learn more about a man who was, in many ways, an African-American historical 主要意思是属于历史的,历史上的,与历史有关的,真实的而不 是传说中的。例如: Moses. After winning his own freedom from slavery, Henson secretly helped hundreds of other slaves to escape north to He gave all his historical papers to the library. Canada -- and liberty. Many settled here in Dresden with 他把他所有的历史资料都赠送给这个图书馆。 him. Yet this stop was only part of a much larger mission for There is a historical society in our university. me. Josiah Henson is but one name on a long list of 我们大学有一个历史研究所。 courageous men and women who together forged the Underground Railroad, a secret web of escape routes and safe houses that they used to liberate slaves from the American South. Between 1820 and 1860, as many as Close 100,000 slaves traveled the Railroad to freedom.

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I had traveled here to Henson’s last home -- now a historic site that Carter formerly directed -- to learn more site: n. place where a building , town, etc. was, is, or will be about a man who was, in many ways, an African-American situated Moses. After winning his own freedom from slavery, Henson The site for the new factory has not been decided. secretly helped hundreds of other slaves to escape north to 一所新的学校占据了工厂的旧址。 Canada -- and liberty. Many settled here in Dresden with A new school occupies the site of the old him. factory. Yet this stop was only part of a much larger mission for Collocation: me. Josiah Henson is but one name on a long list of 历史古迹 a historic site courageous men and women who together forged the 建筑工地 construction sites Underground Railroad, a secret web of escape routes and safe houses that they used to liberate slaves from the 战场的遗址 a battlefield site American South. Between 1820 and 1860, as many as Close 100,000 slaves traveled the Railroad to freedom.

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I had traveled here to Henson’s last home -- now a historic site that Carter formerly directed -- to learn more mission: n. particular task or duty undertaken by an individual about a man who was, in many ways, an African-American or a group Moses. After winning his own freedom from slavery, Henson Mission accomplished. 任务已完成。 secretly helped hundreds of other slaves to escape north to 代表团成功地完成了使命。 Canada -- and liberty. Many settled here in Dresden with The delegation completed its mission him. successfully. 炸毁那座桥梁的任务未能完成。Yet this stop was only part of a much larger mission for me. Josiah Henson is but one name on a long list of The mission to blow up the bridge failed. courageous men and women who together forged the Collocation: Underground Railroad, a secret web of escape routes and 执行任务 carry out/perform a mission safe houses that they used to liberate slaves from the 完成使命 fulfill a mission American South. Between 1820 and 1860, as many as 取消一项任务 cancel a mission Close 100,000 slaves traveled the Railroad to freedom.

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I had traveled here to Henson’s last home -- now a historic site that Carter formerly directed -- to learn more web: n. network of fine threads spun by a spider or some other about a man who was, in many ways, an African-American spinning creature; complex series or network Moses. After winning his own freedom from slavery, Henson The spider is spinning a web. secretly helped hundreds of other slaves to escape north to 铁路网 Canada -- and liberty. Many settled here in Dresden with a web of railroads him. Yet this stop was only part of a much larger mission for 电话线网络 me. Josiah Henson is but one name on a long list of a web of telephone wires courageous men and women who together forged the Underground Railroad, a secret web of escape routes and Close safe houses that they used to liberate slaves from the American South. Between 1820 and 1860, as many as 100,000 slaves traveled the Railroad to freedom.

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I had traveled here to Henson’s last home -- now a historic site that Carter formerly directed -- to learn more liberate: vt. set free about a man who was, in many ways, an African-American Pattern: liberate sb. from sth. Moses. After winning his own freedom from slavery, Henson liberate people from poverty secretly helped hundreds of other slaves to escape north to liberate sb. from economic worry -- and liberty. Many settled here in Dresden with Canada him. 解除心中偏见 Yet this stop was only part of a much larger mission for liberate the mind from prejudice me. Josiah Henson is but one name on a long list of 把一个国家从军事控制中解放出来 courageous men and women who together forged the liberate a country from a military control Railroad, a secret web of escape routes and Underground safe houses that they used to liberate slaves from the Close American South. Between 1820 and 1860, as many as 100,000 slaves traveled the Railroad to freedom.

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I had traveled here to Henson’s last home -- now a historic site that Carter formerly directed -- to learn more forge: v. about a man who was, in many ways, an African-American 1. create by means of much hard work Moses. After winning his own freedom from slavery, Henson Their friendship was forged by shared adversity. secretly helped hundreds of other slaves to escape north to 他们和法国共产党建立了联系。 Canada -- and liberty. Many settled here in Dresden with They forged links with him. the French Communist Party. Yet this stop was only part of a much larger mission for 2. make a forgery or counterfeit me. Josiah Henson is but one name on a long list of He got the money dishonestly, by forging his brother’s courageous men and women who together forged the signature on a check. Underground Railroad, a secret web of escape routes and 伪造签名 safe houses that they used to liberate slaves from the forge a signature American South. Between 1820 and 1860, as many as Close 100,000 slaves traveled the Railroad to freedom.

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In

October

2000,

President

Clinton authorized $16 million for the National Underground Railroad

Freedom Center to honor this first
great civil-rights struggle in the U. S.

The center is scheduled to open in 2004 in Cincinnati. And
it’s about time. For the heroes of the Underground Railroad remain too little remembered, their exploits still largely unsung. I was intent on telling their stories.

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In

October

2000,

President Railroad

Clinton authorized $16 million for
authorize: vt. give approval or National permission for (sth.); give the Underground authority to

The government authorized the publication of this book. I have authorized him to act for me during my absence.

Freedom Center to honor this first
great civil-rights struggle in the U. S.

The 主任允许我们在实验室工作。

center is scheduled to open in 2004 in Cincinnati. And
heroes of the Underground Railroad

The director authorized us about to work time. in the laboratory. it’s For the

remain too little remembered, their exploits still largely unsung. I was intent on telling their stories. Close

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exploit: Clinton authorized 1. n. brave or adventurous deed or action Their heroic exploits will go down in history.
歌颂某人的功绩

In

October

2000,

President

$16 million for

the National Underground Railroad

sing sb.’s exploits
他的战功使我感到惊异。

Freedom Center to honor this first
great civil-rights struggle in the U. S.

His military exploits amazed me.

The center is scheduled 2. vt. employ to the greatest possible advantage exploit one’s talents 充分发挥某人的才能
exploit one’s friends
利用自己的朋友 这家公司用工时长、工资低的方法来剥削工人。

to open in 2004 in Cincinnati. And

it’s about time. For the heroes of the Underground Railroad remain too little remembered, their exploits still largely telling their stories.
Close

The company exploited its workers with long hours unsung. I was intent on and low pay.

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In

October

2000,

President Railroad

Clinton authorized $16 million for
be intent on doing sth.: be eager and determined to do sth. the National Underground He was intent on the job he was doing.to Freedom Center
他决心去法国继续深造。

honor this first

great civil-rights struggle in the U. S.

He is intent on going to France to continue his studies. to The center is scheduled

open in 2004 in Cincinnati. And

it’s about time. For the heroes of the Underground Railroad remain too little remembered, their exploits still largely
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unsung. I was intent on telling their stories.

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John Parker tensed when he heard the soft knock. Peering out his door into the night, he recognized the face of a trusted neighbor. “There’s a party of escaped slaves hiding in the woods in Kentucky, twenty miles from the river,” the man whispered urgently. Parker didn’t hesitate. “I’ll go,” he said, pushing a pair of pistols into his pockets.

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peer: vi. look closely or carefully, esp. as if unable to see well Peering out his door into the night, he recognized the face (followed by at/through/into , etc.) She peered at him closely, as if not believing it could really be of a trusted neighbor. “There’s a party of escaped slaves him. She peered through the mist, trying to find the right path.

John Parker tensed when he heard the soft knock.

hiding in the woods in Kentucky,

CF: peer, gaze & stare

这三个词都是动词,都有注视、凝视之意。 twenty miles from the river,” the peer 通常指半闭着眼睛看,并伴随着向前移动,含有好奇地看或难以看 man whispered urgently. Parker 清的意味。例如:

The old man peered at her over his spectacles.
老头儿从他的眼镜上方盯着她。

didn’t hesitate. “I’ll go,” he said, pair of pistols into his

pushing a Short-sighted people often peer at others when they are wearing no glasses. pockets.
近视眼的人不戴眼镜时常常眯着眼看人。

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John Parker tensed when he heard the soft knock.
The sleepy father got up and peered through a crack in the Peering out his door into the door to see who knocked at the door.
还未睡醒的父亲起了床,透过门缝眯着眼看是谁在敲门。 of a trusted neighbor.

night, he recognized the face

“There’s a party of escaped slaves hiding in the woods in Kentucky, twenty miles from the river,” the man whispered urgently. Parker hesitate. “I’ll go,” he said, pushing a pair of pistols into his pockets.
Close

gaze 指持久不停地看,通常有惊奇、羡慕、感叹等含义。例如: All of us gazed at the beautiful view in the distance.
我们都凝视着远方美丽的景色。

For two hours Tom sat gazing out of the window.
两个小时过去了,汤姆一直坐着凝视着窗外。 地注视。例如:

didn’t stare 指出于好奇、惊讶、茫然或赞叹等原因而瞪大眼睛长时间、直接
The woman stared at the stranger in astonishment.
那个女人吃惊地盯着陌生人。

It is very impolite to stare at other people.
死死盯着他人是极不礼貌的。

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Born a slave two decades before, in the 1820s, Parker had been taken from his mother at age eight and forced to walk in chains from Virginia to Alabama, where he was sold on the slave market. Determined to live free someday, he managed to get trained in iron molding. Eventually he saved enough money working at this trade on the side to buy his freedom. Now, by day, Parker worked in an iron foundry in the Ohio port of Ripley. By night he was a “conductor” on the Underground Railroad, helping people slip by the slave hunters. In Kentucky, where he was now headed, there was a $1000 reward for his capture, dead or alive.

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Born a slave two decades before, in the 1820s, Parker had been taken from his mother at age eight and forced to Translate the sentence into in Chinese. walk chains from Virginia to Alabama, where he was sold 后来他终于靠这门手艺攒够钱赎回了自由。 on the slave market. Determined to live free someday, he managed to get trained in iron molding. Eventually he saved enough money working at this trade on the side to buy his freedom. Now, by day, Parker worked in an iron foundry in Close the Ohio port of Ripley. By night he was a “conductor” on the Underground Railroad, helping people slip by the slave hunters. In Kentucky, where he was now headed, there was a $1000 reward for his capture, dead or alive.

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Born a slave two decades before, in the 1820s, Parker had been taken from his mother at age eight and forced to Paraphrase the sentence. walk in chains from Virginia to Alabama, where he was sold In Kentucky, anyone him, no matter he on who the captured slave market. Determined to live free someday, he was dead or alive, would be rewarded $1000 and now managed to get trained in iron molding. Eventually he saved he was going to Kentucky. enough money working at this trade on the side to buy his freedom. Now, by day, Parker worked in an iron foundry in Close the Ohio port of Ripley. By night he was a “conductor” on the Underground Railroad, helping people slip by the slave hunters. In Kentucky, where he was now headed, there was a $1000 reward for his capture, dead or alive.

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Born a slave two decades before, in the 1820s, Parker had been taken from his mother at age eight and forced to on the side: as an additional job or source of income; secretly walk in chains from Virginia to Alabama, where he was sold He is a teacher, but he makes little money on the Determined side by on theaslave market. to live free someday, he repairing cars in his free time. managed to get trained in iron molding. Eventually he saved He’s married but he has a girlfriend on the side. enough money working at this trade on the side to buy his 他虽有妻室,但暗地里还有一个女朋友。 freedom. Now, by day, Parker worked in an iron foundry in the Ohio port of Ripley. By night he was a “conductor” on the Underground Railroad, helping people slip by the slave Close hunters. In Kentucky, where he was now headed, there was a $1000 reward for his capture, dead or alive.

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Born a slave two decades before, in the 1820s, Parker had been taken from his mother at age eight and forced to capture: walkor in from Virginia to Alabama, where he was sold 1. n. the act of taking by force ofchains being taken by force He was released yesterday, six months his capture by on the slave after market. Determined to live free someday, he the terrorists. managed to get trained in iron molding. Eventually he saved 2. v. take (a person or animal) prisoner enough money working at this trade on the side to buy his She was captured trying to escape from the country. freedom. Now, by day, Parker worked in an iron foundry in the Ohio port of Ripley. By night he was a “conductor” on the Underground Railroad, helping people slip by the slave Close hunters. In Kentucky, where he was now headed, there was a $1000 reward for his capture, dead or alive.

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Crossing the Ohio River on that chilly night, Parker found ten fugitives frozen with fear. “Get your bundles and follow me, ” he told them, leading the eight men and two women toward the river. They had almost reached shore when a watchman spotted them and raced off to spread the news. Parker saw a small boat and, with a shout, pushed the escaping slaves into it. There was room for all but two. As the boat slid across the river, Parker watched helplessly as the pursuers closed in around the men he was forced to leave behind.

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Crossing the Ohio River on that chilly night, Parker found ten fugitives frozen fear. “Get your What does but mean? What is the part of with speech of but bundles and follow me, ” he told in this sentence? them, leading the eight men and Here but is an preposition, which means “except”. two women toward the river. They had almost reached shore when a watchman spotted them and raced off to spread the news. Parker saw a small boat and, with a shout, pushed the Close escaping slaves into it. There was room for all but two. As the boat slid across the river, Parker watched helplessly as the pursuers closed in around the men he was forced to leave behind.

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Crossing the Ohio River on that chilly night, Parker found ten close in (on/around): come near to, esp. in order to attack from fugitives frozen with fear. “Get your several directions; surround bundles and follow me, ” he told The people were trapped whenleading the enemy army began men to them, the eight and close in on them. two women toward the river. They Night is closing in. had almost reached shore when a watchman spotted them and raced off to spread the news. Parker saw a small boat and, with a shout, pushed the escaping slaves into it. There was room for all but two. As the boat slid across the river, Parker watched helplessly as the pursuers closed in around the men he was forced to Close leave behind.

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The others made it to the Ohio shore, where Parker hurriedly arranged for a wagon to take them to the next “station” on the Underground Railroad -- the first leg of their journey to safety in Canada. Over the course of his life, John Parker guided more than 400 slaves to safety. While black conductors were often motivated by their own painful experiences, whites were commonly driven by religious convictions. Levi Coffin, a Quaker raised in North Carolina, explained, “The Bible, in bidding us to feed the hungry and clothe the naked, said nothing about color.”

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The others made it to the Ohio shore, where Parker hurriedly arranged for a wagon to take them to the next 1. What does made it mean? “station” on the Underground Railroad -- the first leg of their Make it means “succeed in doing something”. Here journey to safety in Canada. Over the course of his life, made it means “arrived (at the Ohio shore)”. John Parker guided more than 400 slaves to safety. 2. What does leg mean? While black conductors were often motivated by their Leg means “a stage of a journey or course”. For own painful experiences, whites were commonly driven by example, the last leg of the flight (飞行中的最后一段路程). religious convictions. Levi Coffin, a Quaker raised in North Carolina, explained, “The Bible, in bidding us to feed the Close hungry and clothe the naked, said nothing about color.”

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The others made it to the Ohio shore, where Parker hurriedly arranged for a wagon to take them to the next What is a Quaker? “station” on the Underground Railroad -- the first leg of their A Quaker is any member of the Society of Friends, a journey to safety in Canada. Over the course of his life, religious group established in England in the 1650s by George Fox. They were originally calledmore Quakers John Parker guided than 400 slaves to safety. because members were thought to “quake” or shake While black worship conductors with religious excitement. Quakers Christ were often motivated by their without any formal own ceremony or fixed beliefs, and their painful experiences, whites were commonly driven by meetings often involve silent thought or prayer. They religious convictions. Leviare Coffin, a Quaker raised in North are strongly opposed to violence and war, and active in educationCarolina, and charity work. explained, “The Bible, in bidding us to feed the Close hungry and clothe the naked, said nothing about color.”

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The others made it to the Ohio shore, where Parker religious: adj. of religion hurriedly arranged for a wagon to take them to the next “station” on the Underground Railroad -- the first leg of their a religious service 宗教仪式 journey to safety in Canada. Over the course of his life, 宗教问题 John Parker guided more than 400 slaves to safety. a religious question While black conductors were often motivated by their own painful experiences, whites were commonly driven by religious convictions. Levi Coffin, a Quaker raised in North Carolina, explained, “The Bible, in bidding us to feed the hungry and clothe the naked, said nothing about color.”
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The others made it to the Ohio shore, where Parker hurriedly conviction: n. firm opinion or belief arranged for a wagon to take them to the next “station” on the Underground Railroad -- the first leg of their She expressed her firm conviction that television was harmful to children. journey to safety in Canada. Over the course of his life, 她坚信她是对的。 John Parker guided more than 400 slaves to safety. She had a firm conviction that she was right. While black conductors were often motivated by their Collocation: own painful experiences, whites were commonly driven by 终身的信仰 a lifelong conviction religious convictions. Levi Coffin, a Quaker raised in North 政治信念 political conviction Carolina, explained, “The Bible, in bidding us to feed the 增强/加深某人的信念… strengthen/deepen one’s hungry and clothe the naked, said nothing about color.” conviction that…
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For his efforts, Coffin received frequent death threats and warnings that his store and home would be burned. Nearly every conductor faced similar risks -- or worse. In the North, a magistrate might have imposed a fine or a brief jail sentence for aiding those escaping. In the Southern states, whites were sentenced to months or even years in jail. One courageous Methodist minister, Calvin Fairbank, was imprisoned for more than 17 years in Kentucky, where he kept a log of his beatings: 35,105 stripes with the whip. As for the slaves, escape meant a journey of hundreds of miles through unknown country, where they were usually easy to recognize. With no road signs and few maps, they had to put their trust in directions passed by word of mouth and in secret signs -- nails driven into trees, for example -that conductors used to mark the route north.

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For his efforts, Coffin received frequent death threats and warnings that his store and home would be burned. impose: vt. Nearly every conductor faced similar risks -- or worse. In 1. place (a penalty, tax, etc.) officially on sb./sth. the North, a magistrate might have imposed a fine or a brief New duties were imposed on jail sentence for aiding those escaping. In the Southern wines and spirits. states, whites were sentenced to months or even years in jail. One courageous Methodist minister, Calvin Fairbank, 征收进口税 impose a tax on imports was imprisoned for more than 17 years in Kentucky, where he kept a log of his beatings: 35,105 stripes with the whip. 2. try to make sb. accept (anAs opinion a belief) for or the slaves, escape meant a journey of hundreds of miles through unknown country, where they were usually She imposed her ideas on the group. easy to recognize. With no road signs and few maps, they I must perform the task that has been imposed on me. had to put their trust in directions passed by word of mouth and in secret signs -- nails driven into trees, for example -Close that conductors used to mark the route north.

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Many slaves traveled under cover of night, their faces sometimes caked with white powder. Quakers often dressed their “passengers,” both male and female, in gray dresses, deep bonnets and full veils. On one occasion, Levi Coffin was transporting so many runaway slaves that he disguised them as a funeral procession. Canada was the primary destination for many fugitives. Slavery had been abolished there in 1833, and Canadian authorities encouraged the runaways to settle their vast virgin land. Among them was Josiah Henson.

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Many slaves traveled under cover of night, their faces sometimes caked with white powder. Quakers often transport: vt. take sth./sb. from one place to another in a vehicle both dressed their “passengers,” It took all day to transport the and furniture to the new apartment. male female, in gray dresses, deep bonnets and full veils. On The goods were transported by train. one occasion, Levi Coffin was 公共汽车把我们从机场送到城市。 transporting so many runaway slaves that he disguised them as a A bus transported us from the airport to the city. funeral procession. Canada was the primary destination for many fugitives. Slavery had been abolished there in 1833, and Canadian Close authorities encouraged the runaways to settle their vast virgin land. Among them was Josiah Henson.

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Many slaves traveled under cover of night, their faces sometimes caked with white powder. Quakers often disguise: vt. give sb./sth. dressed a false appearance their “passengers,” both as Pattern: disguise sb./sth. male and female, in gray dresses, deep bonnets He disguised himself as a woman. and full veils. On one occasion, Levi Coffin was transporting The soldiers disguised themselves by so many runaway wearing white garments in the snow. slaves that he disguised them as a 这一事实是无法隐瞒的。 funeral procession. It is impossible to disguise Canada the fact. was the primary destination for many fugitives. Slavery had been abolished there in 1833, and Canadian Close authorities encouraged the runaways to settle their vast virgin land. Among them was Josiah Henson.

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Many slaves traveled under cover of night, their faces sometimes caked with white powder. Quakers often abolish: vt. end the existence of (a law , custom, system, etc.) both dressed their “passengers,” and female, gray dresses, The death penalty is tomale be abolished before thein end of this year. deep bonnets and full veils. On 废除奴隶制 one occasion, Levi Coffin was abolish slavery transporting so many runaway 坏的风俗应当废除。 slaves that he disguised them as a Bad customs should be abolished. funeral procession. Canada was the primary destination for many fugitives. Slavery had been abolished there in 1833, and Canadian Close authorities encouraged the runaways to settle their vast virgin land. Among them was Josiah Henson.

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As a boy in Maryland, Henson watched as his entire family was sold to different buyers, and he saw his mother harshly beaten when she tried to keep him with her. Making the best of his lot, Henson worked diligently and rose far in his owner’s regard. Money problems eventually compelled his master to send Henson, his wife and children to a brother in Kentucky. After laboring there for several years, Henson heard alarming news: the new master was planning to sell him for plantation work far away in the Deep South. The slave would be separated forever from his family. There was only one answer: flight. “I knew the North Star,” Henson wrote years later. “Like the star of Bethlehem, it announced where my salvation lay. ”

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As a boy in Maryland, Henson watched as his entire family was sold to different buyers, and he saw his mother 1. What does lot mean in this sentence? harshly beaten when she tried to keep him with her. Making the best of his lot, Henson worked diligently and rose far in Lot means “one’s fortune in life, fate”. his owner’s regard. Money problems 2. Paraphrase “rose far in his owner’s regard”. eventually compelled his master to send Henson, his wife and children to a brother in Kentucky. He was regardedAfter highly by his owner. there for several years, Henson heard laboring alarming news: the new master was planning to sell him for plantation work far away in the Deep South. The slave would be separated forever from his family. Close There was only one answer: flight. “I knew the North Star,” Henson wrote years later. “Like the star of Bethlehem, it announced where my salvation lay. ”

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As a boy in Maryland, Henson watched as his entire family was sold to different buyers, and he saw his mother compel: vt. make (sb.) do sth.; force harshly beaten when she tried to keep him with her. Making Duty compelled the soldiers to volunteer the mission. worked diligently and rose far in the best of hisfor lot, Henson 大雨迫使我们呆在屋内。 his owner’s regard. The heavy rain compelled Money us to stay problems eventually compelled his master to send Henson, his wife and children to a brother in Kentucky. indoors. After laboring there for several years, Henson heard Collocation: news: the new master was planning to sell him for compel sb. to do sth. alarming 强迫某人做某事 plantation work far away in the Deep South. The slave be compelled to (do) 不得不(做) would be separated forever from his family. There was only one answer: flight. “I knew the North Star,” Henson wrote years Close later. “Like the star of Bethlehem, it announced where my salvation lay. ”

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At huge risk, Henson and his wife set off with their four children. Two weeks later, starving and exhausted, the family reached Cincinnati, where they made contact with members of the Underground Railroad. “Carefully they provided for our welfare, and then they set us thirty miles on our way by wagon.” The Hensons continued north, arriving at last in Buffalo, N. Y. There a friendly captain pointed across the Niagara River. “‘Do you see those trees?’ he said. ‘They grow on free soil.’” He gave Henson a dollar and arranged for a boat, which carried the slave and his family across the river to Canada.

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At huge risk, Henson and his wife set off with their four children. Two weeks later, starving and exhausted, the family at risk: threatened by thereached possibility of loss, failure, where etc.; in danger Cincinnati, they made contact with members of the Underground Railroad. “Carefully they provided for our The disease is spreading, and all children under five are at risk. welfare, and then they set us thirty miles on our way by Collocation: wagon.” at all risks (=at any risk) The 无论冒什么危险;无论如何 Hensons continued north, arriving at last in Buffalo, N. Y. There a friendly captain pointed across the Niagara at the risk of 冒……之险;不顾……之风险 River. “‘Do you see those trees?’ he said. ‘They grow on free soil.’” He gave Henson a dollar and arranged for a boat, Closehis family across the river to which carried the slave and Canada.

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At huge risk, Henson and his wife set off with their four children. Two weeks later, starving and exhausted, the family starve: v. (cause a person or an animal to) suffer severely or die from hunger reached Cincinnati, where they made contact with members of the Underground Railroad. “Carefully they provided for our starve to death welfare, and then they set us thirty miles on our way by What's for dinner? I'm wagon. starving! ” The Hensons continued north, arriving at last in Buffalo, 晚饭吃什么? 我饿死了! N. Y. There a friendly captain pointed across the Niagara starve for news 渴望消息 River. “‘Do you see those trees?’ he said. ‘They grow on free She's lonely, and starving for companionship. 她很寂寞,渴望友谊。 soil.’” He gave Henson a dollar and arranged for a boat, Closehis family across the river to which carried the slave and Canada.

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“I threw myself on the ground, rolled in the sand and danced around, till, in the eyes of several who were present, I passed for a madman. ‘He’s some crazy fellow,’ said a Colonel Warren.” “‘Oh, no! Don’t you know? I’m free!’”

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“I threw myself on the ground, rolled in the sand and danced around, till, in the eyes of several who were pass for: appear like; be accepted or looked upon as (same as present, I passed for a madman. ‘He’s some crazy fellow,’ pass as) said a Colonel Warren.” He can pass for a Frenchman. “‘Oh, no! Don’t you know? I’m free!’” I can’t imagine how this place passes for a
five-star hotel.
他被认为是个医生。

He passes for a doctor.
他被误认为是个有学问的人。

He passes for a learned man.
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