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2014届山东广饶一中高三上学期期末考试英语试题(A卷)


2013-2014 学年上学期期末教学质量调研 高三英语试题(A)
时间 120 分钟 分值 150 2014.01 本试卷分第Ⅰ卷(选择题)和第Ⅱ卷(非选择题)两部分。共 12 页。 第Ⅰ卷(三部分,共 100 分) 温馨提示: 1. 答卷前,考生务必将学校、班级、姓名写在密封线内。 2. Ⅱ卷答案写到答题纸上。 3. 考试结束,考生将答题卡和答题纸一并交回。 第一部分 英语知识运用(共两节, 满分 50 分) 第一节 语法和词汇(共 20 小题;每小题 1 分, 满分 20 分) 1. --- Are you content with An Lee's new film Life of Pi? --- Not a little. It couldn't be _______. A. any better B. any worse C. so bad D. the best 2. --- My son is addicted to computer games. He is hopeless, isn’t he? --- Yes, _______ he is determined to give up and start all over. A. if B. when C. once D. unless 3. _______ of your parents has to come to sign the papers because your signature doesn’t count. A. Both B. Either C. None D. Neither 4. He lost his computer while shopping, ________ away all his secret photos. A. gave B. to give C. giving D. having given 5. At no time ________ the rules of the game. It was unfair to punish them. A. they actually broke B. do they actually break C. did they actually break D. they had actually broken 6. --- How about taking _______ short walk? --- But I’d like to have ________ coffee instead. A. the; a B. a; the C. the; the D. a; a 7. --- How about having a swim this afternoon? --- _________, but I have maths lessons then. A. I agree B. Good idea C. Thanks a lot D. Go ahead 8. According to the agreement, nobody _______ let out how they spent the three days in the cave. A. must B. may C. will D. shall 9. I should very much like to have gone to the party but I _________. A. hadn’t been invited B. wasn’t invited C. wouldn’t be invited D. am not invited 10. ---How can my daughter develop her interest in literature? ---You should _________ her to classical literary works. A. expose B. apply C. devote D. recommend 11. Our English teacher, who is said to have moved back to China, ________ in America for
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almost ten years. A. lived B. has lived C. was living D. had lived 12. When studying abroad, it took me nearly half a year to ________ the language problem and culture shock. A. turn over B. take over C. go over D. get over 13. --- The plan _______for the trip is very important. --- I see, and he is sure to work it out on time. A. made B. to be made C. making D. to make 14. The film brought the hours back to me _______ I was taken good care of in that remote village. A. whom B. when C. which D. where 15. --- I’m sincerely inviting you to join our chess club, Mr. Turban. --- Thanks, but I’m not ______as any of you. A. as a good player B. as player a good C. as good a player D. a good player 16. --- Will $200 ______? --- I’m afraid not. We need at least 50 more dollars. A. count B. satisfy C. fit D. do 17. In your company there are a few machines similar to ________ described in this magazine. A. these B. them C. those D. ones 18. My mom once worked in a very small village school, which is ________ only on foot. A. acceptable B. adequate C. accessible D. appropriate 19. After ten hours’ drive, they finally reached ________ they thought was the place they had been dreaming of. A. what B. which C. where D. that 20. Harvard University takes in any outstanding student _________ religion, color or background. A. in terms of B. on account of C. regardless of D. in spite of 第二节 完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1.5 分, 满分 30 分) The family had just moved. The young woman was feeling a little__21__. It was Mother's Day — and 800 miles separated her from her parents. She had called them that morning, and her mother had__22__ how colorful their backyard was__ 23__ spring had arrived. Later, she told her husband how she__24__ those lilacs (丁香) in her parents' yard. “I know where we can find some,” he said. “Get the__25__ and come on.” So off they went. Some time later, they stopped at a hill and there were lilacs all round. The young woman rushed up to the nearest__ 26__ and buried her face in the flowers. Carefully, she__27__ some. Finally, they returned to their car for the__28__ home. The woman sat smiling, surrounded by her__29__. When they were near home, she shouted “stop,” got off quickly and__30__ to a nearby nursing home. She went to the end of the porch(门廊), where a(n)__31__ patient was sitting in her wheelchair, and put the flowers into her lap. The two__32__, bursting into laughter now and then. Later the young woman turned and ran back to her__33__. As the car pulled away, the woman in the wheelchair__34__ with a smile, and held the lilacs__35__. “Mom,” the kids asked, “__36___ did you give her our flowers?” “It is Mother's Day,
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and she seems so__37__ while I have all of you. And anyone would be__38__ by flowers.” This satisfied the kids, but not the husband. The next day he__39__ some young lilacs around their yard. I was the husband. Now, every May, our yard is full of lilacs. Every Mother's Day our kids__40__ purple lilacs. And every year I remember that smile of the lonely old woman. 21. A. moved B. worried C. angry D. depressed 22. A. learned B. imagined C. mentioned D. realized 23. A. now that B. so that C. as if D. even if 24. A. missed B. grew C. watered D. showed 25. A. cars B. kids C. clothes D. lilacs 26. A. bush B. hill C. yard D. door 27. A. bought B. picked C. set D. raised 28. A. break B. holiday C. trip D. dinner 29. A. friends B. memory C. flowers D. honor 30. A. responded B. pointed C. drove D. hurried 31. A. loving B. elderly C. serious D. sensitive 32. A. hesitated B. waited C. sat D. chatted 33. A. family B. mother C. path D. home 34. A. nodded B. waved C. left D. continued 35. A. sadly B. politely C. quickly D. tightly 36. A. why B. when C. how D. where 37. A. quiet B. confused C. alone D. patient 38. A. calmed B. persuaded C. disappointed D. cheered 39. A. arranged B. dried C. planted D. hid 40. A. find B. gather C. receive D. sell 第二部分 阅读理解 (共 25 小题;每小题 2 分, 满分 50 分) A A white shark shipped from New York and placed into an outdoor pool for a Kmart commercial in Los Angeles died after showing signs of distress, an official from the animal welfare group that monitored the production said on Thursday. The American Humane Association (AHA), which certifies film and TV productions with animals, says everything possible was done to ensure the 1.5 meter shark's safety. The shark's death follows lots of criticism of the use of animals in Hollywood productions. The animal rights group, People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA), which said it received details on the shark's death from two whistleblowers (揭发者), criticized the AHA in a letter over the shark's death. "Sharks are sensitive animals who, in captivity(囚禁), require a highly specialized and controlled environment," the PETA letter read. "Given the delicate nature of this species, why would the AHA approve the transport and use of this animal?" The shark was placed into a 227- liter outdoor tank in the Van Nuys suburb of Los Angeles, said Karen Rosa, a senior adviser of the AHA. She added that was a good amount of water for it. "We honestly don't know why the animal died. It was not being mistreated. It was not being harmed," Rosa said. Early in the day, the shark seemed to be in good condition, but at one point they noticed
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it showed signs of distress. "As far as I know, it was immediately insisted upon that the animal receive specialized aquatic veterinarian(兽医) care," she said. Oxygen was pumped into the tank and the shark was given a shot to try to stabilize it before it was transferred to an aquatic compound for care, where it died the same day, Rosa said. The shoot was for a Kmart commercial, but a representative for the retailer could not disclose any details. "We take this matter seriously and safety is always our first concern," the spokesman for Kmart said in a statement. 41. The shark was shipped to Los Angeles for________. A. a study by the AHA B. a business activity C. a film about animals D. a project by an animal welfare group 42. From the passage, we can learn that PETA ________. A. monitor films and TV productions that have animals B. sent a representative to the scene of the shoot C. believed the shark received specialized care D. didn’t think the shark was transferred very well 43. What does Karen Rosa think of AHA? A. It had done all that it needed to do. B. It was against the rights of the animals. C. It had found out the reason why the shark died. D. It should be responsible for the shoot. 44. What can we infer from the passage? A. The shark died due to a lack of water. B. Kmart was first to notice that the shark was showing signs of distress. C. Kmart claimed to ensure the animals’ safety but didn’t do it very well. D. The shark was given a highly specialized environment in captivity. 45. What is the best title for the passage? A. Sharks Should be Forbidden for Commercial B. PETA Tries to Stop Shooting With Animals C. Sharks Are Sensitive Animals in Captivity D. Shark Brought to Los Angeles for Commercial Dies B Until a few months ago, he was a butler(管家) in one of the more expensive residential buildings in Manhattan. But now, Nepal-born Indra Tamang is the owner of two multi-million dollar apartments in the same building. The former owner - his former employer, Ruth Ford - died last year and left the apartments to Mr Tamang in her will. Mr Tamang is happy but quickly points out that his good fortune did not come easily. "I am happy and have been touched by the generosity of the Ford family," he says. "I never expected that I will be given the ownership of these apartments. But I have been working for the family for the last 36 years, devotedly, with honesty and dedication(奉献). So my hard work has been rewarded."

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Mr Tamang was 21 when he was brought from Nepal by Charles Ford, a writer and a photographer. Mr Ford died in 2002; his sister, actress Ruth Ford, then took charge and told Mr Tamang that he was like a brother to her after Charles's death. Mrs Ford died aged 98. During the last five years of her life, she lost her eyesight and also developed speech problems. Mr Tamang looked after her most of the time and took care of her medicines and food. He also worked with Charles Ford on various photography projects, which he now wants to keep as the photographer's legacy(遗产). He hopes to organize exhibitions of Mr Ford's photographs and edit a book of his works. Mr Tamang plans to sell the bigger, three-bedroom apartment to pay the taxes he owes to the government on his legacy. He says: "The rules of the building might be a problem, as they require a minimum monthly income to qualify to live as owner of apartments. I have my small house here but I am happy with it," Mr Tamang has learnt his lesson from the life of his employers and plans to use his money with great caution. "I think one should save money for old age. That's when you need it the most to get care," he says. 46. Mr Tamang treated the legacy as __________. A. a reward B. a punishment C. business D. a gift 47. What DIDN’T Mr Tamang do in the Ford family? A. Show Mr Ford's works in the exhibition. B. Look after Ruth Ford when she was ill. C. Work on kinds of photography projects D. Experience deaths of Charles Ford and Ruth Ford 48. Mr Tamang wants to sell one apartment to _______. A. buy the small house B. pay the government the tax of the apartments C. edit a book of Charles Ford's photographs D. move into the expensive apartments as soon as possible 49. What lesson does Mr Tamang learn from the Ford family? A. To find a good butler. B. To spend money thoughtfully. C. To save money for children. D. To get good care when people get old. 50. What can we know from the passage? A. Charles Ford gave the apartments to Mr Tamang. B. Charles Ford couldn't see or speak before his death. C. Mr Tamang treated Ruth Ford much better than her brother. D. Mr Tamang will still live in his small house in the near future. C Five years ago, David Smith wore an expensive suit to work every day. “I was a clothes addict.” he jokes. “I used to carry a fresh suit to work with me so I could change if my clothes got wrinkled.” Today David wears casual clothes—khaki pants and a sports shirt—to the office. He hardly ever wears a necktie. “I am working harder than ever.” David says, “and I need to feel comfortable.” More and more companies are allowing their office workers to wear casual clothes to work. In the United States, the change from formal to casual office wear has been gradual.
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In the early 1990s, many companies allowed their employees to wear casual clothes on Friday (but only on Friday) .This became known as “dress-down Friday” or “casual Friday”. “What started out as an extra one-day-a-week benefit for employees has really become an everyday thing.” said business consultant Maisly Jones. Why have so many companies started allowing their employees to wear casual clothes? One reason is that it’s easier for a company to attract new employees if it has a casual dress code.” “A lot of young people don’t want to dress up for work,” says the owner of a software company, “so it’s hard to hire people if you have a conservative(保守的)dress code.” Another reason is that people seem happier and more productive when they are wearing comfortable clothes. In a study conducted by Levi Strauss and Company, 85 percent of employers said that they believe that casual dress improves employee morale(心境,士气). Only 4 percent of employers said that casual dress has a negative influence on productivity. Supporters of casual office wear also argue that a casual dress code helps them save money. “Suits are expensive, if you have to wear one every day,” one person said. “For the same amount of money, you can buy a lot more casual clothes.” 51. David Smith refers to himself as having been “a clothes addict,” because _. A. he often wore khaki pants and a sports shirt B. he couldn’t stand a clean appearance C. he wanted his clothes to look neat all the time D. he didn’t want to spend much money on clothes 52. David Smith wears casual clothes now, because __. A. they make him feel at ease when working B. he cannot afford to buy expensive clothes C. he looks handsome in casual clothes D. he no longer works for any company 53. According to this passage, which of the following statements is FALSE? A. Many employees don’t like a conservative dress code. B. Comfortable clothes make employees more productive. C. A casual clothes code is welcomed by young employees. D. All the employers in the U. S. are for casual office wear. 54. According to this passage, which of the following statements is TRUE? A. Company workers started to dress down about fifty years ago. B. Dress-down has become an everyday phenomenon since the early 90s. C. “Dress-down Friday” was first given as a favor from employers. D. Many workers want to wear casual clothes to impress people. 55. In this passage, the following advantages of casual office wear are mentioned EXCEPT __. A. saving employees’ money B. making employees more attractive C. improving employees’ motivation D. making employees happier D Even when you’re extremely busy, you aren’t using your time with 100% efficiency. There are gaps in everyone’s schedule where they aren’t doing anything important. Even if
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your schedule has no gaps, there is probably lots of time where you aren’t working as fast or as effectively as you possibly could. Why aren’t you completely efficient? It’s because time isn’t the limiting factor. If it were the limiting factor, people could work non-stop without breaks or any unproductive distractions(消遣). Instead, people, even those who are highly productive, need to take breaks, occasionally procrastinate(拖延) and slow down on tasks throughout the day. The real and most important limiting factor for productivity is your energy levels to pay attention. Energy levels limit your productivity because when you’re tired, you can have ample time and still not get everything done. Your attention ability is also limited, because even if there are a million things that need to be done, you can only focus on one or two at a time. You might not be able to insert another 4-5 hours into your schedule without making some sacrifices. But even extremely busy people can add an hour or two into their schedule without canceling anything. The reason it’s hard to “find time” isn’t a lack of time. It’s because you don’t have enough energy left to focus on something else that needs to fit into your day. I first suspected time wasn’t the real problem during an extremely busy period in my life over a year ago. I was insanely (发疯地)busy, but at that time I still exercised regularly. I had daily to-do lists with over twenty items, and I still found time to exercise. However, after a few weeks off, due to illness, I stopped exercising. I was not busy by any standards, in fact, my schedule was incredibly light. Despite this free time, I found it hard to find time to exercise. It seemed to get pushed later and later into my schedule until it was gone. How can I explain this odd experience? I believe you have known it. 56. If someone can’t work with 100% efficiency, the most important limiting factor is ________. A. a schedule without gaps B. breaks and distractions C. the limited time D. the limited energy 57. According to paragraph 4, everyone, including the extremely busy people, can __________. A. work without any rest B. focus on many things at a time C. find some more time in a day D. do some exercise regularly 58. After a few weeks off, what was the change of the writer’s life? A. He had a longer daily to-do lists with over twenty items. B. He stopped doing exercise because of the lack of energy. C. He found it hard to find time to exercise because he was busier. D. He pushed most of the things later and later in his schedule. 59. The writer gives the example of himself in the last paragraph in order to _______. A. prove what the real limiting factor is B. show us how busily he needs to work C. explain how important a healthy body is D. tell us what an odd experience he has 60. What is the best title of the passage? A. Are You Really Lack of Time? B. How Can You Work Efficiently? C. What Makes Your Energy Limited? D. When Should You Do Exercise?
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E Bicycle lights may not exactly be a problem that needs solving, but the following can be said about most of them—they’re easily stolen if left on an unattended bike. People riding at dusk can forget to turn them on, and those same people can forget to turn them off when they reach their destination. Well, the makers of the Blink/Steady Bike Light have set out to solve all of those shortcomings. The waterproof Blink/Steady is so far only available as a tail light, although a head light is on the way. It’s fixed onto the bike’s seat post. A built-in photosensor (感光器) tells when it’s become dark enough for the light to be required, and allows it to come on once you begin the riding. According to the producers, it isn’t fooled by things such as headlights or streetlights. The light also contains an accelerometer, also known as a motion (移动) sensor, which can tell when the bike is in motion. Between the two sensors, this means the light will come on only once it’s dark enough, and the bike is moving. Even when stopped at red lights, the small movements of the rider will reportedly be enough to keep the light activated—it’ll go out after 30 seconds of complete inactivity. While this does mean that the two sensors are continuously powered up, they go into a very low-power sleep pattern when the bike is sitting, unused. Light is provided by two 5-watt LEDs, seeable over a range of 180 degrees. And power comes from two AAA batteries, which provide up to 200 hours of continuous run time. The designers and engineers behind the Blink/Steady are now raising money for its commercial production. About US $95 will get you one if they become available. 61. The first paragraph is mainly to mean that _______. A. bicycle lights are worth a research B. bicycle lights are not a problem at all C. bicycle lights are easy to deal with D. bicycle lights are difficult to turn off 62. According to the text, the Blink/Steady Bike Light is sensitive to _______. A. the weather B. streetlights C. natural light D. headlights 63. Why is there an accelerometer in the Blink/Steady Bike Light? A. To protect the bike against water. B. To tell if the bike is moving. C. To make the bike easy to ride. D. To judge the speed of the bike. 64. What can be inferred about the Blink/Steady Bike Light? A. It will be turned off immediately if the bike stops. B. The traffic lights have no effect on the light. C. It must meet two requirements if it comes on. D. It won't use any power if the bike is unused. 65. What can we know about the Blink/Steady Bike Light from the last paragraph? A. Its power is renewable. B. It isn’t available now for its lovers. C. It includes five LEDs. D. It can be used for years. 第 II 卷 (共 50 分) 第一节 阅读表达(共 7 小题,70 题 2 分,其余各题每题 3 分,满分 20 分
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阅读下面短文并用英语回答问题, 然后将答案写到相应的位置上 (请注意问题后的字数要 求) (1)Your vocabulary refers to the words in a language you are familiar with. Your active vocabulary contains the words you understand and use in speech and in print, and your passive vocabulary includes the words you do not use but understand. Although children learn more new words than adults, the vocabulary of an adult is not fixed and can be increased. Improve your language skills with daily exposure to new words, their pronunciations and meanings. (2)________. The more often you read, the faster your vocabulary can grow. Choose reading material that is slightly above your level and keep a dictionary with you to look up words you do not know. (3)Find a new word every day. If you do not encounter an unfamiliar word in your daily reading, use your dictionary to search for one. (4)Learn the correct definition and pronunciation for each new word you encounter. Pronunciation is as important as definition because in order to add a word to your active vocabulary, you must be able to use it in speech. (5)Explain the meaning of the word so that you can connect it to something memorable. Use imagery and personal relevance( 关联 ). If you have just learned that the word “obstinate” means stubborn and unyielding, think about the neighbor who will not lend you his car. Imagine him shaking his head, and think of him as obstinate in his refusal. (6)Use your new word in speech and in writing. Tell a friend about your boss obstinately refusing to reschedule your vacation time. E-mail your sister about how your cat is obstinate about sleeping on your pillow. The first time you use a new word in speech it may seem clumsy and forced, but the more you use it, the more fluent you will become in its use. Soon it will be a regular part of your active vocabulary. (7)Tell everyone you are trying to increase your vocabulary. Encourage them to ask you what your latest word is, or to ask for the definition of a new word you have used. The more you explain the meaning of a word to someone, the more likely you are to remember it. 66. What is the passage mainly about? (no more than 6 words) _______________________________________________________________ 67. Complete the following statement with proper words. (no more than 3 words). We can improve our language skills by________ to new words, their pronunciations and meanings every day. 68. Fill in the blank in paragraph 2 with proper words. (no more than 4 words) ________________________________________________________________ 69. What should we do if there is no unfamiliar word in our daily reading? (no more than 7 words) ________________________________________________________________ 70. What does the underlined word “it” in paragraph 4 probably refer to ? (no more than 3 words ) ___________________________________________________________________ 71. What’s the purpose of the example of the word “obstinate”( no more than 20 words) ___________________________________________________________________ 72. Explain the underlined sentence in Paragraph 6 in English.
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第二节 书面表达 (共 30 分) 假如你叫李华,打算毕业后到美国留学,请给你的美国朋友 Tom 写一封英文电子邮件, 内容主要包括: 1. 留美原因— 增长见识,体验文化。 2. 目前困扰— 语言障碍,学业压力。 3. 征求对方意见。 注意:词数 120 左右。可以适当的增加细节,以使行文流畅。 Dear Tom,

Yours Li Hua

高三期末考试 A 英 语答 案 单项选择:1-20 ADBCC DBDBA ADBBC DCCAC 完形填空:21-40 DCAAB ABCCD BDABD ACDCB 阅读理解:41-45 BDACD 46-50 AABBD 51-55 CADCB 56-60 DCBAA 61-65 ACBCB 阅读表达 66. How to enlarge/increase your/our vocabulary. 67. exposing ourselves 68. Read every day. 69. Use your dictionary to search for one. 70. New word. 71. to tell us/show we can use imagery and personal relevance to explain the meaning of a word. 72. If we can use a new word more frequently, we will become familiar with its use. If we often use a new word, we will become familiar with its use. 写作(略)

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