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江西省红色七校2018届高三第一次联考英语试题+Word版含答案


江西省红色七校 2018 届高三第一次联考英语科试题
(分宜中学、会昌中学、莲花中学、南城一中、任弼时中学、瑞金一中、遂川中学) 命题人:任弼时中学 刘芳 南城一中 危春娥

第Ⅰ卷
第一部分 听力(共两节,满分 30 分)

第一节(共 5 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 7.5 分) 听下面 5 段对话,每段对话后有一个小题。从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最 佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关小题 和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。 1. When will Peter’s research paper be due? A.Next Wednesday B.Next Saturday C. Next Monday

2. What does Jack say about his business communication class? A. It’s terrible 3. What does the woman do as a hobby? A. Make model planes. 4. Why is Mike happy? A.His parents bought him a car. B.He passed the driving test . C.He reached his parents by phone. 5. What has the man been doing to keep healthy? A. Swimming. B.Running. C.Riding bikes B.Collect coins or stamps. C.Play the piano. B.It costs a lot. C. It’s wonderful.

第二节 (共 15 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 22.5 分) 听下面 5 段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个 选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各 个小题,每小题 5 秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两 遍。 听第 6 段材料,回答第 6、7 题。 6. What does Jane think more exciting? A. Starting school. B. Starting work C. Going on a vacation.

7. What’s Jack’s attitude towards work? A.He feels it’s too tiring and demanding B.He considers it a challenge. C.He thinks it more fun than schooling. 听第 7 段材料,回答第 8、9 题。 8. Why does Jackie find it hard to keep up with class? A.He can’t understand the material. C.He has to look after his mother. 9.What does Nancy suggest to Jackie? A.Finding a teacher to help him. C.Dropping out of one class for a rest. 听第 8 段材料,回答第 10 至 12 题。 10.How long has it been since the speakers saw each other? A. A year 11.How does Steve take some exercise? A. At the gym in his company. C. At the Sunflower Health Club. 12.What does Lisa suggest to Steve? A.Getting a guest card. B.Exercising at home C. Joining a gym or a group B. On the running machine at home. B.A month C.A couple of months. B.Studying together for encouragement. B.He is working part-time.

听第 9 段材料,回答第 13 至 16 题。 13. What does the man say about his condition? A. He lacks the interest to do things. C. He has nothing to do at hand. 14. What advice does the woman offer the man? A .Invite friends for a party. B.Stay home for a rest. C.Go out to have fun. B. He is inspired to lead a busy life

15.What prevents the man from going out to have fun? A.His work is due soon. B. He has to save money. C.He lacks the motivation

16. What does the woman say about Victor? A. He has just graduated from college. C. He is old enough for high school. B. He has entered kindergarten.

听第 10 段材料,回答第 17 至 20 题。 17. Why did the speaker’s neighbor move some furniture? A.She was getting her kitchen repaired. C. She was planning to sell her house. 18. Why did the speaker refuse the two items? A.Because he didn’t think them of use. C.Because he had enough himself 19. How did the speaker sell the two items? A.By calling his friends for help. C.By putting an ad in the paper. 20.Who got the table and chairs from the neighbor? . A charity. B. The speaker C. A homeless man. B.By advertising them online. B. Because he had no room for them. B.She was planning to move away.

第二部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分 60 分) 第一节 (共 15 小题;每小题 3 分,满分 45 分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C、和 D)中,选出最佳选项,并在 答题卡上将该项涂黑。 A Away with words The telegraph, an online news service, has teamed up with Saga, which provides products and services only for the over 50s, to hold a new competition to find the best travel writer. Three lucky winners will win a master class with two top Telegraph travel writers before travelling the world with Saga on one of three holidays of great comfort and pleasure. To enter, all you need to do is tell us something mysterious and wonderful about the world of travel—a favorite memory, a humorous tale, an unforgettable occasion or a sight worth writing about. What we are looking for You must be able to read not only those signs that help you find your way around but the ones that tell you how the locals tick. You must, in the words of Paul Theroux, an American travel writer, “descibe exactly what you see and give it life with your imgaination”. In this competition, you can do that in anything from 150 words to 500, but they should be

your words, and fresh ones. We do expect you not to hide the truth or the facts about your experience. Beyond that, you can make the most of the freedom travel writing gives you. You’ll be editor as well as writer, so ensure those eyes are equally fresh when you check and recheck what you’ve written. We will make allowances for the occasional mistake, such as you have “fell” into a river. But we won’t put up with mistakes every few lines. Terms & conditions Competitors must be aged 50 years or older. The judging process is divided into two stages: entries will be hosted on the website for one month. The top 20 articles will then be selected by public vote. The top three winners will be chosen by three judges. The closing date for entries is August 15. 21.What does the prize for winners include? A. a chance to learn from excellent writers. C. three wonderful holidays. 22.Who will select the final winners? A. the public. C. two top Telegraph travel writers 23.What type of writing is this text ? C. A n essay C. A writing guide B. A travel guide D. An announcement B One cold day last November, my wife and I came home from work to a sick young daughter and we decided to stay at home for the night. Problem was, we had two tickets to see Miranda July, the performance artist, being interviewed at the Herbst Theatre. We decided to sell them online for $50. One hour before the event, a guy named Peter called me and said he wanted to buy the tickets. Since the time was limited, I told Peter to pay me the next day. Peter seemed touched and we said a fond goodbye. However, a month later, Peter still didn’t pay me back. A few more weeks passed. Another month. There’d been one e-mail promising to mail the check, then silence. Maybe he was having a hard time, I thought. But truth was, Peter seemed to be having a B. Paul Theroux D. three chosen judges. B. the publication of their works. D. an opportunity to work in the Telegraph.

pretty normal time. According to the pictures and messages on his Facebook, he had been playing golf, dancing happily with his friends, and traveling on a boat. But he just refused to answer my calls, or reply to my e-mails or messages. So I tried reaching him with my wife’s phone one night. And he didn’t pick up when I called,but texted right back, playfully wondering who might be calling him. “You should go to his office,”my wife said, “He would have to give you the money if all his coworkers were watching.” But I didn’t want to become a debt collector. My efforts to reach Peter over these months had been light and I wanted to keep it that way. My initial exchange with Peter had been just two regular people agreeing to handle things humanly. There was a rare niceness in that, and I still wanted to keep that balloon in the air, however disappointing it was starting to look. I wanted to believe we could still trust each other. 24. For what reason did the author and his wife decide to sell the ticket? A. They thought it was too cold that night. daughter. C. They wanted to save some money. 25. On the night the author sold his tickets to Peter, he A. knew he might not get the $50. C. thought he could trust Peter. 26. Why didn’t Peter pay the author back? A. Because he didn’t remember it. C. Because he didn’t want to pay. 27. What can we infer about the author? A. He would never trust strangers. C. He would go to Peter’s office to talk to him. back. B. He might call the police for help. D. He still hoped Peter would pay him B. Because he was too busy to pay. D. Because he was having a tough time. D. They were going to be interviewed. . B. felt a little hesitant. D. was moved by Peter’s kindness. B. They needed to look after their

C Crossing your legs is an extremely common habit; most people don't even notice that they're doing it when they sit down. While you may find it comfortable to sit with one knee crossed over

the other, it might be causing health problems that you are not aware of. A study published in Blood Pressure Monitoring stated that sitting with your legs crossed can increase your blood pressure. The reason for this is that the blood in your legs has to work against gravity to be pumped back to your heart and that crossing one leg over the other increases resistance, making it even harder for the blood to circulate. This causes your body to increase your blood pressure to push the blood back to the heart. You won't feel any immediate effects, but repeated, drawn-out increases in blood pressure can cause long-term health issues. So, planning to sit for a long period of time? Don't keep your legs crossed. Crossing your legs at the knee can also cause pressure on the major nerve in your leg that passes just below your knee and along the outside of your leg, explains Richard Graves, a medical expert. This pressure can cause numbness and temporary paralysis (麻痹) of some of the muscles in your foot and leg, preventing you from being able to raise your ankle—what we know as that “pins and needles” sensation. While the feeling of discomfort may only last a minute or two, repeatedly crossing your legs until they feel numb can cause permanent nerve damage. So next time you sit down, try to get yourself in the habit of sitting with both of your feet on the floor. Not only will it help your posture and stability, but it will also save your health in the long run. 28. What can we learn about crossing one's legs? A. It is a very bad social habit. B. It is usually practiced deliberately. C. It can make others feel uncomfortable. D. It can do harm to people's health. 29. According to the study, sitting with your legs crossed can______. A. resist gravity effectively C. lead to heart attacks easily B. affect your blood pressure D. improve the function of legs

30. In the third paragraph "pins and needles" probably means______. A. serious muscle injuries C. slight sharp pains 31. What is the main purpose of the text? A. To give readers some advice. B. To compare common habits. B. being a little nervous D. being highly flexible

C. To evaluate effects of an experiment.

D. To introduce research methods.

D Imagine looking at something and being able to move it just by using your brain!That is exactly what the new technology called BrainGate can do —with the help of a robotic arm,anyway. BrainGate is the idea of Professor John Donoghue and his team of researchers at the Brown Institute for Brain Science,USA. BrainGate is attached directly to the brain. First of all,gold wires are put into the part of the brain that controls movement. These are then connected to a small computer chip(芯片) . When the person thinks about different movements,this creates electrical signals,which are picked up by the chip. After this,the signals that are created by the brain are sent back to a computer,which changes the signals into movements. Finally,the computer uses the robotic arm to carry out these movements. BrainGate can already be used to write an e-mail or play computer games,just by brain power. The technology has already cost millions of dollars to develop and when it is available for use,it will probably cost thousands of dollars per person. There are still many challenges ahead for Donoghue and his team. They are currently planning a mini wireless version,which will allow people to be connected to the computer at all times. Donoghue also dreams of using this technology to help disabled people who can't move their arms or legs. He plans to connect BrainGate directly to their own paralysed limbs(瘫痪的胳膊或腿) .This will mean that the person can control their own body again,without relying on a robotic arm. This research is attracting the military's (军方的) attention as well. However,it is easy to understand why scientists might be concerned about how thought-controlled machines could be used by the military. 32. What does the underlined word “These” refer to? A. Movements. B. Thoughts. C. Brains D. Wires.

33. What is one of BrainGate's disadvantages? A. It needs improvement. C. It is too expensive. 34. How will Donoghue help disabled people? B. It produces few movements. D. It is difficult to control.

A. By developing a wireless version. B. By replacing their limbs with robotic ones. C. By making BrainGate smaller. D. By attaching BrainGate to their bad limbs. 35. What does the military think of thought-controlled machines? A. They could lead to disasters. C. They could be useful. B. They would face fierce competition. D. They would be in mass production.

第二节 (共 5 小题,每小题 3 分,满分 15 分) 根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项,选项中有两项为多余 选项。 Do People Need Small Talk to Be Happy? Psychologists (心理学家)have long said that connecting with others is an important part of happiness, but just how much conversation we require is under examination. In one study, researchers found that small talk made up only 10% of their conversation related with happiness. 36 . Scientists believe that small talk could promote bonding. Late last year,

Princeton researchers reported that small talk keeps closeness with loved ones, and isn’t merely the stuff of awkward exchanges with strangers. Still, chatting with strangers could brighten your morning. In a series of experiments, psychologists gave Chicago passengers different directions about whether to talk with fellow passengers 一 something they typically avoided. being rejected. Small talk can also help us feel connected to our surroundings. People who smiled at,made eye contact with, and briefly spoke with their Starbucks baristas (服务员)reported a greater sense of belonging than those who rushed through the transaction (交易) . 38 One report found 37 . None of the chatters reported

that when volunteers broke the silence to chat with gallery goers, the visitors felt happier and more connected to the exhibit than those who were not approached. 39 .In one study, people who were rated “less curious” by researchers had trouble

getting a conversation rolling on their own, and had greater luck building closeness with others when they were supplied with questions that encouraged personal disclosure (透露).But people who were considered “curious” needed no help when transforming conversations about ordinary

things into personal exchanges.

40

.

A. The same is true of gallery goers. B. They found that small talk is related with happiness C. But don’t play down small talk just yet.. D. Of course, some people are better than others at turning small talk into something bigger. E. A “curious mindset”,the author concluded, can lead to “positive social interactions”. F. Making small talk is an important skill for all the social situations. G. Those told to chat with others reported a more pleasant journey. 第三部分 英语知识运用 (共两节,满分 55 分) 第一节 完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 40 分) 阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出可以填入空 白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 On Dec.13, 2014, Nubia Wilson turned 16. But instead of 41 with an exciting 42 the lives of

Sweet 16 birthday party, the California teen devoted this milestone to orphans in Ethiopia.

Through several summers of volunteer work at an Ethiopia orphanage, Nubia learned firsthand the severe poverty so many children Nubia said that she was 44 43 . In an email to The Huffington Post, 45 — their

struck by the children’s lack of access to

school only went through the fourth grade. Over the course of her volunteer work, Nubia became interested in one She writes: Out of the many students in the kindergarten class, Hermela became attached to me to a point where it was becoming 48 47 and 46 , Hermela.

for both of us to leave each other.

She is now in the second grade. The thought of Hermela not being able to have her meal and 49 education after the fourth grade became 50 and I knew I had to do something. 51 52 , she wanted grade class for

That’s when Nubia decided that she didn’t want a traditional Sweet 16. to use the money her parents would have spent on a party to establish Hermela and other kids. “The money could provide a(n) to the one-day 54 53

solution that will serve for many years compared

of my party,”Nubia wrote to Huffpost Live. In short, I want Hermela to

continue

55

.” 56, Nubia set up a(n) 58 57 page “Keep

After telling friends and family her Hermela Smiling” on CrowdRise. Her

will raise funds for the Fregenet Foundation,

which funds education and community services in Ethiopia. So far, Nubia has have been extremely funds. Nubia’s birthday may not have been a party, but it’s truly a celebration. 41. A. communciating 42. A. experiencing 43. A. concern 44. A. hopefully 45. A. exploration 46. A. teacher 47. A. close 48. A.difficult 49. A. provide 50. A. unimaginable 51. A. Besides 52. A. sixth 53. A. early 54. A. relief 55. A. yelling 56. A.belief 57. A. question 58. A. story 59. A. earned 60. A. effective B. celebrating B. enjoying B. discuss B. slightly B. education B. doctor B. mean B. strange B. leave B. unimportant B. Instead B. fifth B.technical B. pleasure B. smiling B. need B. devotion B. school B. borrowed B. supportive C. competing C. rescuing C. face C. particularly C. experimemt C.student C. funny C. possible C.receive C. unnecessary C. Therefore C. fourth C. simple C. honor C. talking C. secret C. donation C. campaign C. raised C. creative D. compromising D. improving D. describe D. quietly D. entertainment D. parent D. polite D. boring D. finish D. uncomfortable D. However D.third D. lasting D. trouble D. crying D. plan D. appreciation D. family D. lent D. sensitive 59 60 $2,781 of her $10,000 goal. Nubia says that her parents ; they’re selling most of their Ethiopian artifacts to help raise

第 II 卷
第三部分 英语知识运用(共两节,满分 55 分)

第二节 (共 10 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 15 分) 阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1 个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。 As we all know,Hangzhou, a beautiful city, won the bid will be the third Chinese city 62 (host) the games. Hangzhou is a beautiful city with a long history. Hosting the Asian Games will give it a new look. 63 the event will cost the government a lot, the benefits are easy for us to see. To the citizens in Hangzhou, the best part of it is that it will give us the chance to watch world-class matches and 64 (compete) close to home. Secondly, there is no doubt 65 the event 61 September 16th 2015. Thus, it

will attract more visitors to enjoy 66 (visit) this wonderful city. At the same time, it is good for the development of the tourism. Meanwhile, as the construction goes on, more roads 67 (build) and the Metro system will be expanded, 68 can reduce traffic jams. In the next few years, Hangzhou will try its best to prepare show. 70 splendid Hangzhou is waiting to see you in 2022. 69 for the big

第四部分 写作(共两节 满分 35 分) 第一节 短文改错(共 10 小题,每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中 共有 10 处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧) ,并在下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线(﹨)划掉。 修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 2.只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。 Sometimes people are mean to others who are smarter or different from them. It makes them feel powerfully or in control. But if they take time to get to know that person, they may become friends! Try not to show angers towards kids who are being mean to you. Standing up tall and walk away can work really well. Not getting a reaction from them takes away the fun for them. They may stop unless they see what they are doing don’t bother you. If kids continue to be mean, try to talk about them. Being calm and firm but nice. It is hard to be mean to someone is being nice.

However, if you ever feel threatened or in the danger, tell an adult right away.

第二节 书面表达 假定你是一名高中毕业生王志,你校将为高一新生举办主题为 “What to learn in senior high school?”的英语沙龙活动,特邀请你结合自身经历谈谈自己的体会。请根据以下提示准 备一份英语发言稿。 1.学会学习:方法,习惯等; 2.学会做人:真诚,友善; 3.学会…… 注意:1.词数 120 左右; 2.发言稿开头和结尾已给出,不须抄在答题卡上,不计入总词数。 Good afternoon, everyone! I feel honored to stand here to share with you my opinions on what to learn in senior high school.

Thanks for your listening!

江西省红色七校 2018 届高三第一次联考英语科答案
1-5. ACCBC 21-23 ADD 36-40 CGADE 41-45 BDCCB 61. on that 66. visiting A Sometimes people are mean to others who are smarter or different from them. It makes them feel powerfully or in control. But if they take time to get to know that person, they may become friends! Poweful Try not to show angers towards kids who are being mean to you. Standing up tall and walk away can work anger walking 67. will be built 68. which 69. itself 70. 46-50 CAACA 62. to host 51-55BBDBB 56-60 DCCCB 64. competitions 65. 6-10. ACBBC 24-27 BCCD 11-15. BCACB 28-31 DBCA 16-20. CABBA 32-35 DCDC

63. Though/although

really well. Not getting a reaction from you takes away the fun for them. They may stop unless they see what them if/when

they are doing don’t bother you. If kids continue to be mean, try to talk about them. Being calm and firm but doesn’t to/with Be

nice. It is hard to be mean to someone∧ is being nice. However, if you ever feel threatened or in the danger, that/who tell an adult right away.

Good afternoon, everyone! I feel honored to stand here to share with my opinions on what to

learn in senior high school. In the coming three years, our school life will be challenging. First, we should learn to learn efficiently. Personally, I used to try effective method to achieve my academic goals. Developing a good habit is also of importance. It really benefited me a lot to preview lessons, get actively involved in class, and review what had been taught after class. In addition, we should learn how to get along well with others. In school, I respected teachers and was friendly with classmates. It was with sincerity and faithfulness that we created a harmonious atmosphere. Finally, we should take part in sports and outdoors activities frequently. They were really helpful to build up my body and enrich my school life. No pains no gains. I am sure that with great efforts, you will enjoy a colorful and fruitful life here. Thanks for your listening!


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