精品 高一英语同步练习： 必修 4 Unit 2 Working the land 第 3 课时 Grammar 基础练习 Pay attention to the following sentences 1. ..., He cares little about spending the money on himself or leading a comfortable life. 2. He also doesn’t care about being famous. 3. His other hobbies include playing mah-jong, swimming and reading. 4. Wishing for things, however, costs nothing. 了解动名词做＿＿＿＿的用法 了解动名词作＿＿＿＿的用法 实战演练 一. 动名词做主语的用法 动名词做主语往往表示＿＿＿、＿＿的动作, 在口语中也可以表示具体的动作。 如：Seeing is believing. Helping her is my duty. Talking mends no holes. 空谈无济于事。 Working with you is a pleasure. 和你一起工作是一种乐趣。 动名词做主语和不定式做主语一样，也可以用＿＿作形式主语。 如：It's no use crying over spilt milk. 覆水难收。 It's rather tiring walking around in a city. 【练习 1】－He realized that to go on like this was wrong. — What do you think made Mary so upset？ — _________ her new bicycle． B. Lost C. Losing D. Because of losing A. As she lost 二. 动名词作宾语的用法 1．有些动词或短语动词后常用动名词作宾语。如 admit, appreciate, avoid，can't stand, consider， delay, devote … to, dislike enjoy， escape, excuse, feel like, finish, forgive, 精品 get down to, give up, imagine, insist on, keep (on), look forward to, mention, mind, miss, pay attention to, practice, put off, stick to, suggest 等等。 如：Her shoes wants mending. 她的鞋该修理了。 我已经写完这本书了。 I have finished writing this book. 注意: 当 need, want, require, worth 后面接 doing 也可以表示被动。 【练习 2】填空 Your hair wants ＿＿＿（cut）. 你的头发该理了。 地板需要冲洗。 The floor requires ＿＿＿（wash）. 【练习 3】 I can't imagine ___ _______ that with them． A. do B. to do C. being done D. doing 【练习 4】She looks forward every spring to______ the flower-lined garden． A. visit B. paying a visit C. walk in D. walking in 2. 在 allow, advise, forbid, permit 后直接跟动名词作宾语，如果有名词或代词作宾语，则 构成“allow／advise／forbid／permit ＋名词／代词＋不定式（宾语补足语）”之形式。 如： We don't allow smoking here． We don't allow anybody to smoke here． 3. 动词 need, require, want 意为“需要”时， 后跟动名词的主动式或不定式的被动式作宾语， 意义没有区别。如：The window needs／requires／wants cleaning／to be cleaned． 4. 在 begin, continue, love, like, hate, prefer, intend, start 后用动名词和 用不定式作宾 语均可，意义没有多大区别。 5. 动词 forget, go on, mean, regret, remember, stop, try, be used to, can't help 后跟 动名词和跟不定式区别较大，须注意。 forget, regret, remember 后跟动名词，动名词表示已经发生的动作；后跟不定式表示 将要发生的动作。 go on doing 继续做原来做的事 go on to do 接着做另一件事 mean doing 意味着要做某事 mean to do 想要做某事 stop doing 停止做某事 stop to do 停下来（别的事）开始做某事 精品 try doing try to do 试着做某事 努力做某事 习惯于做某事 被用来做某事 禁不住做某事 不能帮助做某事 be used to doing be used to do can't help doing can't help to do Let's have a rest． 【练习 5】 — Not now．I don't want to stop __________ yet． A.