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һ ڿƳֻ Ѫϵͳ The Cardiovascular System Acute Myocardial Infarction (AMI) Ļ Electrocardiogram (DCG) ĵͼ Hypertensive Cardiovascular Disease Ѫѹ Ѫܼ Congential Heart Disease ಡ Hemangioma Ѫ Vasodilatation Ѫ Arteriosclerosis Ӳ Hypertension Ѫѹ Hypertrophy ʴ Hypotension Ѫѹ Varicose veins ѪҺܰϵͳ The Hemic and Lymphatic System Adenitis Acute Lymphogenous Leukemia ܰ԰ Ѫ Leukocyte Ѫ Leukocytopenia Ѫ Systemic Lupus Erythematosus ȫԺ Splenomegaly Ƣ״ Anemia ƶѪ Aseptic ޾ Septicemia Ѫ֢ Hemostasis ֹѪ Transfusion Ѫ ϵͳ The Respiratory System Pulmonary embolism ˨ Mucosa Ĥ Exhale Apnea Ϣ Tachypnea Pneumonia Bronchitis ֧ Lung Empyema λŧ ϵͳ The Digestive System Short of breath ̴ Dysphasia ˵ Aphasia ʧ֢ Aphonia ʧ Dysphagia

Gingivitis Pharyngitis Laryngitis Esophagoscopy ʳ Esophagus stricture ʳխ Abdominocentesis Gastric cancer θ Gastritis θ Gastroenteritis θ Gastrorrhagia θѪ Pyloric obstruction Duodenal Ulcer ʮָ Peritonitis Ĥ Enterorrhagia Ѫ Enterorrhexis Appendicitis β Colon cancer ᳦ Proctoscopy ֱ Rectal cancer ֱ Anal Fistual ŏI External hemorrhoid Internal hemorrhoid Excretion й Hepatitis Hepatomegaly ״ Gall Stone ʯ Cholelithiasis ʯ֢ Liver Cirrhosis Ӳ Ascites ˮ ڷϵͳ The Endocrine System Glycemia Ѫ֢ Goiter ״ Diabetes Mellitus Diabetes Insipidus ֢ Bromidrosis ֢ Pituitary Tumor ´ ϵͳ The Nervous System Cerebral Arteriosclerosis ԶӲ Cerebral Hemorrhage ԳѪ Cerebral Edema ˮ Cerebra Palsy Cerebral Thrombosis ˨ Cranial Neruritis Intracranial Hemorrhage ­ڳѪ

Encephalitis Electromyography ͼ Neuritis Epilepsy Trigeminal Neuralgia ʹ Rachitis Y֢ Rachioscoliiosis Spondylitis ׵ Quadriplegia ֫ Paraplegia °̱ Immediately loss of consciousness ɥʧʶ Eye opening ۷Ӧ Verbal response ԷӦ Motor response ˶Ӧ Corneal reflex Ĥ Plantar reflex ϥ Sciatica ʹ Chorea 赸֢ Muscle atrophy ή Migraine ƫͷʹ Parkinson's Disease ͽɭʽ֢ Brain Swelling brain Concussion brain Anoxia ȱ֢ brain Death ϵͳ The Musculoskeletal System Anterior Cruciate Ligament ǰʮʹ Rheumatoid Arthritis ʪԹؽ Arthrosclerosis ؽӲ Degenerated Joint Disease Թؽ Clavicle Fracture ǹ Pelvic Fracture Plastic Paris Cast Ӳʯ Matastatic Lesion ת Osteoporosis ֢ Amputation ֫ Bone graft ֲ Hallux Valgus Ĵָⷭ Prosthesis Replacement ˹ֲû Range of Motion ˶Χ Varus ڷ Chondromalacia ֢ ֳϵͳ The Urinary and Male Reproductive System

Cystitis Circumcision Ƥ Cystoscopy ׾ Hydronephrosis ˮ Renal Stone ʯ Acute Renal Failure ˥ Cryptorchidism غ֢ Spermatogenesis Benign Prostatic Hypertrophy 㻤ٷʴ Ureteral stenosis խ Dysuria Hematuria Ѫ Uremia ֢ Urinary Tract Infection ·Ⱦ Vasoligation 侫ܽ Impotence ή о The Organs of Special Senses Audiometer Otitis Otorrhea © Tympanitis ж Tympanotomy Ĥ Nasitis Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma ʰ Rhinorrhea Intraocular Foreign Body Intraocular pressure ѹ Oculus Uterque ˫ Oculus Sinister Oculus Dexter Extraocular Muscle ⼡ Ophthalmologist ۿҽʦ Diplopia Myopia Blepharoptosis ´ Corneitis Ĥ Pupil Size Anisocoria ͫ״С Retinopexy Ĥ̶ Retinal Detachment Ĥ Visual field Ұ Vocal nodular Dermatologist Ƥҽʦ Dermatitis Ƥ Cataract

Glaucoma ۺֻ Contraceptive е Contraindication ֢ Biology ѧ Hyperemesis Polydipsia Homosexual ͬԵ Heterosexual Ե Inject ע Lipoma ֬ Lipoid ֬ Lipomatosis ֢֬ Malformaiton Malaise Necrosis Nocturia ҹ֢ Ployuria Narcotics ҩ Hyperplasia ֳ Dysplasia Dyspepsia Prognosis Ԥ Antipyretic ȼ Hydrophobia ˮ֢ Photophobia η Antibiotic Syndrome ֢Ⱥ Hydrotherapy ˮƷ Perforation Percussion ߵ Visceralgia ʹ Ƴֻ Genital ֳ Gynecology Menstruation ¾ Menopause Menorrhagia Ѫ Amenorrhea ¾ Dysmenorrhea ʹ Menarche Cervical cancer ӹ Cervical Erosion ӹ Cervicitis ӹ

Perineum Endometriosis ӹĤλ Ovary ѳ Ovarian Cyst ѳ Ovulation Vaginitis Colposcopy 취 Galactocele Mammography 鷿 X Ӱ Infertility ֢ InVitro Fertilization ܾ Amnion Ĥ Amniocentesis Ĥ Amniotic Fluid Embolism ˮ˨ Hydramnion ˮ Anterpartal ǰ Antepartum ǰ Chorionic Villi Sampling ëĤëȡ Cephalo Pelvic Disproportion ̥ͷ費Գ Artificial Insemination ˹ܾ Engagement λ Estrogen Colostrum Termination of Pregnancy ֹ Corpus Luteum Vacuum Extraction Delivery Venereal Disease Բ Tubal Ligation ѹܽ Laparoscope ǻ Embryo ̥ Ectopic Gestation ӹ Primipara Attitude of Fetus ̥λ Dead Detus in Uterus ̥ Multipara Parity Placenta Previa ǰ̥ Postpartum Postpartum hemorrhage Ѫ Toxemia of Pregnancy ﶾѪ֢ Adolescence ഺ Basal Body Temperature Cesarean Section ʸ Expected Date of Confinement Ԥ

Fallopian Tube ѹ Forceps ǯ Hydatidiform Mole ˮ״̥ Labor Pain ʹ Painless Labor ʹ Molding ̥ͷ Normal Spontaneous Delivery Ȼ Papanicolaou Smear ӹĨƬ Premature Rupture of Membrance ˮ Progesterone Stillbrith Suture Stump Withdrawal Bleeding ͣѪ СƳֻ Apnea ͣ Aplastic Anemia ƶѪ Arterio Venous Malformation Bronchial Asthma ֧ Bronchitis ֧ Cephalopematoma ͷѪ Erythema Hypospadia Dehydration ˮ Hydrocephalus ˮ Hydrocele һˮ Polydactylia ָ Pyoderma ŧƤ֢ Sepsis Ѫ֢ Tonsillitis Encephalitis Gastroenteritis θ Necrotizing Enterocolitis С᳦ Malignant Ե Congenital Malformation Ի Neonatal Asphyxia Ϣ Cleft Palate Diarrhea к Dental Caries ȣ Facial Nerve Paralysis Hives Urticaria ަ Torticollis б Vaccine Incubator

Cleft lip ô Chicken pox ˮ Club foot Diphtheria ׺ Dengue fever Ǹ Eczema ʪ Congenital syphilis ÷ German Measles/ Rubella ¹ Giant baby Ӥ Gonorrhea ܲ Hepatitis B B ͸ Hand-foot-mouth disease ڲ Jaundice Mongolian spots ɹŰ Mumps Respiratory arrest ֹͣ Roseola infantum ׶õ Vomiting Ż ġƳֻ Mental retardation ܲ autism Ա֢ dement մ֢ alzheimer's dementia ƝĬʽγմ֢ alcoholism substances Intoxication ж alcohol Intoxication ƾж amphetamine Intoxication ж schizophrenia Ѳ delusional Disorder Բ Major Depressive Disorder ֢ phobia η֢ obsessive-Compulsive Disorder ǿԲ pedophilia ͯ exhibitionism ¶ Transvestic Fetishism Gender Identity Disorders Աͬ Anorexia Nervosa ʳ֢ Bulimia Nervosa Աʳ֢ ٴ֢״ blunted affect ٶ silly Laughter ɵЦ apathy Į irritable ŭ euphoria

depression ambivalence ì Flat Affect ƽ suicide attempt ɱͼ queer behavior Ϊ bizarre behavior Ϊ hypertalkative ໰ hypotalkative ٻ mutistic hyperactivity  hypoactivity  compulsive behavior ǿΪ verbigeration ظ catelepsy ֱ negativism 迹ж Mannerism ̬Ϊ destrctive behavior ƻΪ autistic thinking Ա˼ poverty of speech ƶ flight of ideas Ծ loosening of association ˼ɢ illogical thinking ߼˼ pressure speech Q thought blocking ˼ж incoherent ״ thought Withdrawal ˼ irrelevant delusion delusion of persecution delusion of grandeur Phobia ־֢ acrophobia ֢ algophobia ʹ֢ sexual drive illusion hallucination þ auditory hallucination þ disoreinatation ʧȥ amnesia ɥʧ֢ confabulation ̸֢ orientation judgement ж derealization ʧ insight ʶ

no insight ޲ʶ intellectual insight ԵIJʶ true emotional insight Բʶ ѧ free association dream analysis εĽ ego id ԭ super ego ego boundary ҽ libido ԭ scapegoat internal conflict ڳͻ conscious ʶ unconscious DZʶ preconscious ǰʶ transference ת depersonalization ˸ derealization ʵ neurosis 񾭾 Psychosis 񾭲 Pleasure Principle ԭ Reality Principle ʵԭ Moral Principle ԭ Predisposing Factors DZ Precipitating Factors շ Defense Mechanism ת compensation conversion ת denial displacement ת dissociation fantasy identification ͬ introjection projection retionalization reaction formation degression ˻ repression DZ suppression ѹ restitution 黹 sublimation substitution ȡ

symbolism undoing distortion isolation Cognitive behavioral Therapy ֪Ϊ Empathy ͬ Resistance 迹 testing out behavior ̽Ϊ self-awareness ˽ separation anxiety 뽹 reinforcement ǿԭ catharsis й confrontation listen restraint Լ physical restraint Լ chemical ҩԼ 塢Ƴд A AAD against-advice discharge ԶԺ A abdomen ADL activities of daily life ճ A/G albumin /globulin ration ׵/ױ AK above knee ϥ B. BE below elbow BH body height b.i.d twice a day һ Bil bilateral BK below knee ϥ BM bowel movement 䶯 BMR basal metabolic rate л BPH benign prostatic hypertrophy 㻤ٷʴ BTI biliary tract infection Ⱦ BUS blood, urine, stool ѪҺ,С, BW body weight C. Ca. Carcinoma CBC complete blood count ȫѪ CBD common bile duct ܵ CH cerebral hemorrhage ԳѪ Chest P-A chest posterio-anterio ǰز CO cardiac output CPR cardiopulmonary resuscitation ķθ

CPS chronic paranasal sinusitis Ա C/T chemotherapy ѧƷ CT cerebral thrombosis ˨ CT Scan computerized axial tomography scan Զϲ CVA cerebral vascular accident Ѫ CVP central venous pressure ľѹ D. DC discontinue ֹͣ D&C dilatation and curettage żγ DM diabetes mellitus DPT diphtheria, pertussis, tetanus ׺,տ, ˷ DU duodenal ulcer ʮָ E. ECG eletrocardiogram ĵͼ EEG electroecephalogram Ե粨ͼ ENT ear, nose, throat Ǻ F. FH family history ʷ FHS fetal heart sounds ̥ FOU fever of unknown ԭ Fr fracture G. GB gall bladder GI tract gastric intestinal tract θ GSR general surgical routine һƳ gtt. Drops GU genitourinary ֳ GYN gynecology ѧ H Hb hemoglobin Ѫɫ HICH hypertensive intracerebral hemorrhage ѪѹڳѪ h.s. at bedtime ˯ǰ HT Hypertension Ѫѹ Ht. (Hct.) Hematocrit Ѫݻ Hx History I ICP Intermittent catheterization program Ъ ICU Intensive care unit ӻ ICT Intracerebral tumor I & D Incision and drainage п

IICP Increased intracranial pressure ѹ Imp. Impression ܶ IM Intramuscular ڵ I & O Intake and output 뼰ų IV Intravenous ڵ IVKO Intravenous keep open άͨ J Jej. Jejunum ճ Jt. Joint ؽ K Kn. Knee ϥ KUB Kidney, ureter, baldder ܼ L. LFT liver function test ι LLQ left lower quadrant LMP last menstrual period һ¾ M MBD may be discharged ɳԺ MN midnight ҹ N NKA non known allergy ԭĹ NP nothing particular ر NPC nasopharyngeal carcinoma ʰ NPO nothing by mouth ʳ O. OA osteo-arthritis Թؽ OB occult blood DZѪ OBS obstetrics OP operation OPD outpatient department Ortho. Orthopaedic ǿƽе OS ocular sinistro OT occupational therapy ְ OU Both eyes ˫ P p.c. after meals PCT Penicillin test ֲ PE Physical examination PI Present illness Ŀǰ p.o. by mouth ɿ PPU Perforated petic ulcer θ PT Physical therapy PTA Prior to admission Ժǰ PTN Parenteral total nutrition ĸӪ

Q Q every ÿһ q.d. every day ÿ q.h every hour ÿСʱ q.i.d. four times a day ÿĴ q.m. every morning ÿ糿 q.n. every night ÿ R RA rheumatoid a arthritis ʪԹؽ RBC red blood cell Ѫ RN registered nurse ʦ R/O rule out RR recovery room ָ R/T radio-therapy test RUQ right upper quadrant Rx take ȡ Medication Treatment S Sc. Subcutaneous Ƥµ SOB short of breath ̴ SP.g.r. specific gravity S/P status/ post operation s-s half һ St(stat) immediately Staph. Staphylococcus T t.i.d. Three times a day ÿ TPR Temperature, pulse, respirations ¡ TURP U URI Upper respiratory infection ϺȾ W WBC White blood cell Ѫ White blood count Ѫ Y Y/O year old Z zero ʽƳֻ The cardiovascular system Ѫϵͳ lungs venis Trans-urethral resection of prostate г㻤

vessels Ѫ capillaries ΢Ѫ cardi arteries blood clot Ѫ The Hemic and Lymphatic System ѪҺܰϵͳ Blood ѪҺ Red blood cell Ѫ White blood cell Ѫ Platelet ѪС The Respiratory System ϵͳ Bronchial tube ֧ Alveoii Pharynx Larynx Trachea Lung Bronchioles С֧ Pleura Ĥ Chest Air The Digestive System ϵͳ Lips teeth tongue bile duct gallbladder duodenum ʮָ jejunum ճ ileum س appendix β small intestine С large intestine rectum ֱ anus pancreas stomach θ esophagus ʳ pharynx The Endocrine System Glands Adrenals Pancreas Pituitary

Thyroid and parathyroids ״ٺ͸״ Breasts 鷿 Ovaries ѳ Testes غ The Nervous System Brain Spinal cord Vertebra ׵ Cranium ­ǻ Meninges Ĥ Nerves The Musculoskeletal System ϵͳ Skull ͷ Clavicle Sternum ع Ribs Joints ؽ Ligaments ʹ Tendons Cartilage The Urinary and Male Reproductive System ֳϵͳ Cortex Ƥ Urinary Urethra Ureters Kidney Renal pelvis Vas deferens Urinary bladder prostate gland ǰ scrotum testis غ penis urethra The Organs of Special Senses о Acoustic nerve Ear Hearing tube ʹ Eardrum Ĥ Eustachian ŷʽ Nasal cavities ǻ Nose

Eyelid Lens Carnea Ĥ Tear duct Conjunctiva Ĥ Choroid layer Ĥ Retina Ĥ Sclera Ĥ Optic nerve Obstetrics & Hynecology Ƴֻ Fallopian tube ѹ Ovary ѳ Uterus ӹ Vagina Vulva Ů(ֳ) Բϵͳ cerebrum corpus callosum thalamus cerebellum С diencephalon cerebral peduncles Խ infundibulum © hypophysis ´ midbrain pons medulla brain stem Ը pupil ͫ suspensory ligaments ʹ ciliary process ״ͻ retinal veins Ĥ retinal arteries Ĥ optic nerve anterior chamber ǰ۷ posterior chamber ۷ iris Ĥ vitreous body ״ internal rectus muscle ֱ lacrimal puncta lacrimal canaliculi С lacrimal gland excretory lacrimal duct ٹ

eyebrow üë 乹 cochlea eustachian tube ʹ helix tympanic membrance Ĥ external auditory canal semicircular canals malleus vestibulocochlear nerve ǰͥ ǻ gingiva molars ʳ premolars Сʳ canines Ȯ incisors ų vestibule of mouth ǻǰͥ upper lip ϴ upper lip frenulum ϴϵ alveolar provess ݲͻ hard palate Ӳ palatine tonsil sublingual caruncle ¸ ߡ֢ص 1. gastric cancer θ 2. pancreatic cancer ఩ 3. colon cancer ᳦ 4. rectal cancer ֱ 5. prostate cancer 㻤ٰ 6. nasotharyngdal carcinona ʰ 7. cervical cancer ӹ 8. lung cancer ΰ 9. esophageal cancer ʳ 10. bladder cancer װ 11. laryngl caner 12. ovarian cancer 13. liver cancer ΰ 14. skin cancer Ƥ 15. breast cancer 鰩 16. leukemia Ѫ 17. bone cancer ǰ 18. brain tumor ԰ 19. heart disease ಡ 20. lymphoma ܰ

ˡҽԺڳ Hospital ҽԺ Nursing school = nursing home ѧУ (nursing home) Private convalescence hospital ԼָڵĻ˽Сҽ Ժ (nursery school) ԰֮׶ĵط Department of Medicine = Department of Internal Medicine ڿ Resident in medicine ڿסԺҽʦ Chief of Medicine ڿ (Medical man) Internist = intern = intern ʵϰ (Internist = ҽʦ) House officer ҽԺҽʦijƺ Junior and senior students ҽѧԺѧ(ͨ 3 4 ѧ) Extern ҽԺʵϰ Clinical clerk ²¼ʵϰ֮ѧ Student nurse ѧ Graduate nurse ѧУҵĻʿ Registered nurse (R.N.)ȡÿ֤ Supervisor ʿ Head nurse ʿ Scrub nurse ʿ Practicing physician = physician in practice = practitioner ҵҽ Ambulance = ambulatory Ȼ(춳 ֻ Ҫǰ˲˵Ĵɻ) Ambulant ߶ ԴIJ Ambulantory patient ס Ժ ambulate, ambulatory, up ad lib, may walk) Malingerer װ (malinger װ) Paretic Ի Malpractice ƴ Emergency room Ward station վ por ָ Patient , Narcotic ҩ Nurse ʿ Doctor ҽ Internist ڿҽ (May

Surgeon ҽ Dentist ҽ Gynecologist ҽ Orthopedist ǿҽ Oculist ۿҽ Pediatrician Сҽ Psychiatrist ҽ Intern ʵϰҽ Examination table ̨ Clinical thermometer ¼ Stethoscope Reflector ⾵ X-ray checkup X X-ray photograph X Ƭ Operation Scalpel Syringe Ͳ Hypodermic needle ע Injection ע Ice bag Fixation forceps ̶ Medicine, drug ҩƷ Bandage Absorbent cotton ֬ Gauze ɴ Mask Wheel chair Crutches Ambulance Ȼ Stretcher Chart Prescription Blood pressure Ѫѹ Blood type Ѫ Artificial respiration ˹ Pill ҩ Capsule Ointment Iodine tincture Sedative 򾲼 Intensive care unit ӻ Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) ķθ Intravenous drip Chemotherapy ѧ

Computerized Topography Զϲ magnetic resonance imaging ˴Ź Bureau of National Health Insurance 뽡 Fracture Gypsum ʯ šڳ Front sheet, Summary sheet ҳ,ժҪ History sheet Physical examination sheet Physician's order sheet ҽ Physician's progress note ҽòչ¼ Laboratory reports 鱨 Radiographic reports X 鱨 Nursing notes ¼ Graphic chart ͼʽ Discharge summary sheet ԺժҪ Operation report Anesthesia record ¼ Consultation sheet ﵥ Intake and output sheet ȡй¼ Consent (or permission) for operation ͬ Emergency room record Ҽ¼ סԺ ҵ ( identifying data or biographic data) admission date סԺ hospital number = chart number room number name sex age birth date birth place marital status = civil status ״ address occupation empolyer ˾к health insurance number ҽƱպ referring physician תҽ ϵͳı״--ȫ״̬ Υ͸ malaise (= a vague feeling of bodily discomfort, indefinite bodily weakness or discomfort) feel unwell (ill, poorly)

ƣ͸.뵡 lassitude fatigue tiredness weariness languor lack of energy (vigor) listlessness exhaustion worn-out ״̬ weakness feebleness lack (loss) of strength debility powerlessness prostration(= extreme weakness or exhaustion) asthenia ˯״̬ sleep slumber (=light sleep) a nap (=a short sleep) a doze (= a light or fitful sleep) ˯ fall asleep ; go to sleep С˯ take a nap ; take a doze ; slumber ; doze ; drowse ˯ sleepy ; drowsy ; somolent ; lethargic ˯ sleepiness ; drowsiness ; somnolence ˯ become(= feel =get) sleepy(=drowsy = somnolent) ˯߲ loss(= lack = want) of sleep ʧ insomnia ; sleeplessness ; wakefulness ; inability to sleep ʧ֢ insomniac ˯ sound (profound) sleep ˯ awake ; wake ; rouse ; awaken dream nightmare ֢ sleepwalking ; somnambulism night-walker ط(weight ; body weight) Ϊ weigh~ ; be ~ in weight maximum sleep-walker ; somnambulist ;

minimum ƽ average optimum present ؼ weight loss ; loss of weight weight gain ; gain in weight ; increase in weight thin ; lean ; skinny emaciated (emaciation) fat ; stout ; fatty ״(body temperature take one's temperature fever ; pyrexia ; rise (elevation) of temperature ; increase in temperature յ feverish ; febrile ; fevered ; pyrexic ; pyrexial ޷յ afebrile ; feverless ; apyrexial a chill ; rigor ; have a cold fit shiver ; shake ; shaking chills ; shivering with chills fall ; drop ; go down ; abate ; remit sweating ; perspiration remittent fever Ъ intermittent fever continuous fever Σ by crisis ת by lysis ʹ ƫͷʹ migraine ; megrim ; hemicrania ; ͷʹ occipital pain ͷʹ temporal pain ǰͷʹ frontal pain ͷʹ have(suffer) a headache ; one's head aches ; feel a pain in the head ʹ earache ; sore ears ; toalgia ʺʹ sore throat ; pharyngalgia ʹ have painful eyes ; one's eyes hurt(smart) ʹ toothache ʹ chest pain ǰʹ precordial pain Ľʹ anginal pain عʹ substernal (retrosternal) pain Ĥʹ pleuritic pain ʹ abdominal pain ; belly(stomach) ache

ϸʹ epigastric pain ; pain in the epigastrium ϸʹ upper abdominal pain ¸ʹ lower abdominal pain ϸʹ left upper quadrant pain ูʹ flank pain ʹ backache ʹ low backache ; lumbago ؽʹ joint pain ʹ muscular pain ʹ neuralgia ʹ colic ; colicky pain ʯʹ biliary or gallstone colic ʯʹ renal colic ʹ cramps ; crampy (cramping) pain; spasmodic ʹ throbbing(pounding, thumping, pulsating) pain תʹ radiating pain ; pain with radiation ǣʹ referred pain ʹ lightning (fulgurant, shooting) pain ״ʹ girdle pain 񾭸ʹ root pain ոʹ hunger pain ҹʹ nocturnal pain Էʹ spontaneous pain ѹʹ tenderness ̶ʹ fixed (steady) pain ʹ burning pain ״ʹ lancinating ; piercing ; stinging ; darting; stabbing ״ͷʹ splitting ; racking ˺״ʹ tearing ; rending ; ʹ dull ; obtuse ; ʹ sharp ; excruciating ; tormenting ; torturing ; racking ; agonizingly severe ʹ gnawing ; griping ʹ stinging ; smarting ; sore ʹ pricking ; pricking ܺѭϵͳ breath ; respiration difficulty in breathing ; dyspnea be short of breath ; shortness of breath ;be short-winded; be out of breath ; lose one's breath breathe deeply

̾Ϣ sigh ; draw a long breath Ϣ pant orthopnea Ͷʱ exertional dyspnea ; difficulty in breathing on exertion( physical activity) ҹ nocturnal dyspnea tachypnea ; rapid breathing wheeze ; wheezing sneezing ; sneeze hiccup (hiccough) ; singultus cough have a fit of coughing ; have a paroxysmal clear the throat Ǭ dry cough ; hacking couth ; nonproductive cough ̵ productive cough ; cough with sputum ̵ sputum ; phlegm ; expectorate Ѫ hemoptysis ; bloody expectoration ճ̵ viscid (tenaceous ; thick ) sputum Ũ̵ frothy sputum ĭ״̵ mucoid sputum ŧԿ̵ purulent sputum ѪԿ̵ bloody sputum Ѫ̵ blood-streaked sputum ɫ̵ greenish sputum ɫ̵ rusty sputum ð common cold Ըð influenze ; flu ; grippe ϺȾ upper respiratory infection (U.R.I.) Ĥ pleruisy asthma ļ palpitation ¶ palpitate ; throb ͣ pause in the pulse ; skipped pulse (heart beat) rapid pulse ; tachycardia slow pulse ; bradycardia Ѫ ѹ high blood pressure ; hypertension ; hypotension heart attack ; heart failure ; cardiac standstill ֢ angina (=angina pectoris) Ĥ֢ valvular disease of the heart ; leaking

heart valve (leaky heart) Ӳ arterioscalerosis ѪҺѭ have a poor circulation of blood Ъ intermittent claudication ϵͳ ʳ a poor (weak or bad) appetite ; no little appetite ; loss (lack or decrease) of appetite ; anorexia ʳ increase (improvement) of appetite ʳ have no (little ; a poor) appetite ʳʢ have a strong (voracious) appetite ɥʧʳ lose one's apptite ո an empty stomach ׽ chewing ; mastication swallow gulp difficulty in swallowing ; dysphagia ҭ belching ; eructation ҭ sour eructation heatburn ; pyrosis ; water brash regugitation nausea ; retch ; heaving ; nauseous feeling ; sickly feeling е feel nausea (nauseous, nauseated, sick,queasy) ; retch ; heave ; feel like vomiting Ż vomiting ; emesis ; vomit ; throw up ; bring up ; spew Ż vomit ; vomitus; vomited matter coffee-grounds digestion indigestion ; dyspepsia abdominal distention ; bloating ; flautulence; meteorism; gassiness borborygmus ; gurgling ; growling ; rumbling jaundice ; icterus ˮ ascites ͨ bowel movement ; bowel habit ; pass stools ; move one's bowels ; defecate ; evacuate the bowels ; diarrhea ; loose bowels ; constipation ˮ״ watery stool (feces) Ѫ״ bloody stool hardening of the arteries ;

״ tarry stool ״ mushy stool ״ loose stool Ӳ״ hard stool ʹ״ formed stool ʰ״ semiformed stool ʧ fecal incontinence ƨ pass gas ; pass wind ; pass flatus ֳϵͳ urination ; micturition ; pass(void) urine ; urinate ; micturate urge (desire ) to urinate urinary urgency Ƶ urinary frequency ҹƵ frequent urination during the night ; nycturia polyuria oliguria anuria difficulty in urination ; dysuria urinary retention ʧ urinary incontinence ҹ nocutria ҹ֢ bed-wetting ; enuresis cloudy (turbid) urine Ѫ bloody urine ; hematuria sexual desire ; libido Խ sexual intercourse ; coitus ; coition ή impotence erection 侫 ejaculation й premature ejaculation ž pollution nocturnal pollution(emission); wet dream phimosis ; tightening of the foreskin (prepuce) circumcision Բ veneral disease (V.D.) ¾ menstruation ; menses ; periods ; menstrual periods menarche ; onset of menses ͣ menopause climacteric ; changeof life ʹ dysmenorrhea ; painful menstruation

¾ amenorrhea ; missed periods ¾ menrrhagia ; hypermenorrhea ; excessive bleeding; excessive flow ״ vaginal discharge Ѫ vaginal bleeding ʱ yaginal spoting ӹѪ metrorrhagia ; uterine bleeding pregnancy ; conception conceive ; be pregnant sterility ; barrenness ; infertility ; inability to conceive abortion ; miscarriage ; ˹ induced abortion contraception; birth control ҩ contraceptive ʹ labor childbirth ; delivery ; give birth to ; be delivered childbed ; confinement; pueriperium ; puerperal period morning sickness ; nausea and vomiting of pregancy ǹؽ뼡ϵͳ Ѿ joint ; dislocation ; be dislocated be out of joint ; be put out of joint Ť sprain sprain (twist ; wrench ) ؽ arthritis ʪ֢ theumatism ʹ gout (gaut) ؽʹ arthralgia ; joint pain deformity fracture ʯ cast ; plaster of Paris (֫) artificial limb ʹ muscle pain ; myalgia ; sore muscle Ť strain ; sprain Ӳ stiffness in a shoulder ; a stiff shoulder ; a cramp in the calf ; leg cramp have a cramp ; be cramped ѹʹ tenderness ϵͳ ʶ clouding of consciousness tenderness of muscle ; muscular

ɥ ʧ ʶ unconsciousness

loss

of

consciousness

;

ʧ loss of vision ; blindness impairment of visual acuity ; impaired vision ; fogglness (dimness) of vision ; poor (defective) vision ; blurring near-sightedness ; myopia myopy Զ far-sightedness ; hypermetrope ; hyperope 쳣 refractive error astigmatism б strabismus ; squint diplopia ; double vision ҹä night-blindness ; nyctalopia ä scotoma ; blind spot ۾ƣ eyestrain overflow of tears foreign body sensation ; a feeling of something ; grittiness ; sandiness ¹ photophoia ; abnormal intolerance of light ; inability to stand light Ĥ conjunctivitis ɰ trachoma impaired hearing ; decreased hearing ; loss of hearing be hard of hearing deaf ringing of ears ; tinnitus ʹ earache ; otalgia cerumen ; erawax ; ж otitis media ; inflammation of the middle ear ˮ snivel ; run at the nose ; have a running nose ; ˷ sniffles ; snuffles ; head cold ; coryza ߩ blow the nose ; a nasal voice nasal obstruction ; nasal stuffiness ; nasal blockage ; nasal congestion dzѪ nosebleed ; bleeding from the nose ; nasal hemorrhage ; epistaxis rhinitis tonsil tonsillitis ʹ toothache decayed tooth ; dental caries ; tooth caries ; tooth cavity

ָʶ recover consciousness fainting ; syncope ˯ soma stupor ˯ somnolence ;sleepiness; drowiness ; lethargy confusion ; distracted ; distraught delirious þ hallucination convulsion ; cramp ; spasm epilepsy be paralyzed on one side ; become hemiplegic muscular weakness difficulty in walking ˵ speak thickly stagger ; reel ; falter ; walk zigzag ; walk with an unsteady gait; reel along ή atrophy of muscle left-handedness right-handedness ˶ʧ ataxia ޸о loss of sensation ; numbness ; anesthesia ʧȥо become numb ; loss sensibility ֪ hypersthesia ֪ٶ hypesthesia ֪쳣 paresthesia nervousness ; sensitive ; touchy ˥ nervous breaksown ־ depressed ; in low spirits in good mood ; cheerful ; euphoric ȶ unstable ; labile capricious ܴ̼ excitable ; easily excited ; irritable anxious ; apprehensive ; uneasy introvert extrovert be forgetful ; have a poor memory Į indifferent ; nonchalant ; unconcerned Ա inferiority complex Ъ˹ﲡ hysteria ۶ʺ ɥʧ lose one's sight 9eyesight) ; become blind

an artificial tooth װ wear false teeth (a denture) ޳ toothless ; edentulous lose a tooth ; come out γ pull out ; extract a tooth gums ; gingiva Ƥ eruption ; rash ; exanthema ; exanthem ʪ eczema ݡ urticaria ; hives ̥ birth mark() bruise ڰ mole ˮ welt ; wheal ;wale ͷƤм dandruff ; scurf scab ; curst ; slough pimple ; acne ۽ athlete's foot ; ringworm of the feet prickly heat ; heat rash chaps ; cracks sore ; erosion ; festering warts chilblain ; festering diaper rash Ѣ favus ; scaldhead ŧ impetigo ȸ freckles ɹ sunburn ɧ itching ; pruritus ɧ scratch ŧ fester ; form pus ; suppurate exude ;ooze ; weep ɲ have a thigh sore (chafing in the groin) ë loss of hair ; falling-out of hair ë֢ hirsutism ë hairless ; bald ; ͺͷ baldness ; bald- headedness ͺͷ֢ alopecia ʮþ stethoscope sphygmomanometer (blood pressure cuff) Ѫѹ thermometer ¼ ophthalmoscope ۾

otoscope laryngeal mirror flashlight ֵͳ tongue depressor (tongue blade) ѹ hammer (percussion hammer ; reflex hammer) ߵﴸ tuning fork tape measure scale (ruler) loupe (magnifying glass ; hand lens) Ŵ rubber gloves finger cot ָ vaginal speculum


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