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结构设计常用专业英语词汇汇编


结构设计常用专业英语 词汇汇编
(V1.0)

课题类别: 课题编号:

院业务建设项目 Y 0707S3317

课题负责人:包联进 课题参加人:黄永强 陈建兴 孙战金 童 骏 王红生

华东建筑设计研究院有限公司 国际工程设计部 2007-10

Contents

英汉对照

目录

Contents I
Chapter 1

上册目录

Loads and Action ................................................................................... 1

第一章 荷载与作用 ..................................................................................................... 1 Chapter 2 Seismic Design ...................................................................................... 8

第二章 抗震设计 ......................................................................................................... 8 Chapter 3 Foundation ............................................................................................ 14

第三章 地基基础 ....................................................................................................... 14 Chapter 4 Reinforcement Concrete..................................................................... 22

第四章 钢筋混凝土结构 ........................................................................................... 22 Chapter 5 Steel Structure ...................................................................................... 28

第五章 钢结构 ........................................................................................................... 28 Chapter 6 Composite Structure............................................................................ 37

第六章 组合结构 ....................................................................................................... 37 Chapter 7 Masonry Structure ............................................................................... 40

第七章 砌体结构 ....................................................................................................... 40 Chapter 8 Others .................................................................................................... 42

第八章 其它 ............................................................................................................... 42

目录

汉英对照

Contents

Contents II

下册目录

第一章 荷载与作用 ................................................................................................... 43 Chapter 1 Loads and Action ................................................................................. 43

第二章 抗震设计 ....................................................................................................... 50 Chapter 2 Seismic Design .................................................................................... 50

第三章 地基基础 ....................................................................................................... 56 Chapter 3 Foundation ............................................................................................ 56

第四章 钢筋混凝土结构 ........................................................................................... 65 Chapter 4 Reinforcement Concrete..................................................................... 65

第五章 钢结构 ........................................................................................................... 71 Chapter 5 Steel Structure ...................................................................................... 71

第六章 组合结构 ....................................................................................................... 80 Chapter 6 Composite Structure............................................................................ 80

第七章 砌体结构 ....................................................................................................... 83 Chapter 7 Masonry Structure ............................................................................... 83

第八章 其它 ............................................................................................................... 85 Chapter 8 Others .................................................................................................... 85

Chapter 1 Loads and Action

第一章 荷载与作用

上 册
Chapter 1 Loads and Action 第一章 荷载与作用

accidental combination accidental load action apartment arched roof area projected on a horizontal plane ash load attic balcony ballroom/ dance hall basic load combination basic variable basic wind speed boundary condition boundary layer cab canopy cantilever member cantilever slab case catwalk characteristic value/nominal value/standard value characteristic/nominal combination cladding system coefficient of thermal expansion column effective length combination value comply with requirement of Chinese code concentrated load concentration of plastic deformation construction and maintenance load construction load construction sequence control room corner
-1-

偶然组合 偶然荷载 作用 公寓 拱形屋面 水平投影面 积灰荷载 阁楼 阳台 舞厅 基本荷载组合 基本变量 基本风速 边界条件 边界层 驾驶室(吊车) 雨棚 悬挑构件 悬臂板 工况 马道 标准值 标准组合 围护系统 温度膨胀系数 柱有效长度 组合值 满足中国规范要求 集中荷载 塑性变形集中 施工和检修荷载 施工荷载 施工顺序 控制室 转角,角部 上册-英汉对照

Chapter 1 Loads and Action corridor crane load crane wheel load dead load dead-load-resisting moment deformed position degree of reliability density design reference period design situation design value design value of a load design working life determinate structure diaphragm stiffness differential settlement distribution factor of snow pressure double span double pitched roof during service life dynamic analysis dynamic coefficient earthquake action eave edge beam edge column elasticity modulus electric hoist element check enclosed structure energy equibrium equation equivalent uniform live load expansion exposure category exposure factor for wind pressure field experiment fire escape first mode fixed seats flat roof flexible lifting hook
-2-

第一章 荷载与作用 走廊 吊车荷载 吊车轮压 恒载 恒载产生的弯矩 变形后位置 可靠度 密度 设计基准期 设计状况 设计值 荷载设计值 设计使用年限 静定结构 楼板刚度 不均匀沉降 屋面积雪分布系数 双跨双坡屋面 使用期间 动力分析 动力系数 地震作用 屋檐/挑檐 边梁 边柱 弹性模量 电动葫芦 构件校核 封闭式结构 能量 平衡方程 等效均布活荷载 膨胀 地面粗糙度类别(美) 风压高度变化系数(美) 现场试验 防火楼梯 第一振型 固定座位 平屋顶 软钩吊车 上册-英汉对照

Chapter 1 Loads and Action floor live load fluid pressure fractile frequent combinations frequent value fundamental combination gable garage geometrical parameter gradient height gust gust factor coefficient gymnasium hand-geared bridge crane handrail hard lifting hook height variation factor of wind pressure height-to-width ratio heliport horizontal component horizontal load horizontal load on railing hydrostatic uplift load impact factor impact load importance factor indeterminate structure interpolation laboratory large(long)-span structure lateral force on crane runaway beam lateral load leeward lifted load limit state live load load code for the design of building structures load combination load combination coefficient load effect lobby
-3-

第一章 荷载与作用 楼面活荷载 流体压力 分位值 频遇组合 频遇值 基本组合 山墙 车库 几何参数 梯度风高度 阵风 阵风系数 健身房 手动吊车 栏杆,扶手 硬钩吊车 风压高度变化系数 高宽比 直升飞机平台 水平分量 水平荷载 栏杆水平荷载 水浮力 冲击系数 冲击荷载 重要性系数 超静定结构 内插值法 实验室 大跨结构 吊车横向水平荷载 侧向力 背风面 吊重 极限状态 活荷载 建筑结构荷载规范 荷载组合 荷载组合系数 荷载效应 大厅 上册-英汉对照

Chapter 1 Loads and Action local area local load longitudinal force on crane runaway beam long-term deflection magnification factor of wind fluctuation manned roof mass material property maximum wheel load mean roof height minimum potential energy principle mode superposition mountainous region movable seats multi degree-of-freedom system multi-defense system occupancy category office building on adjacent span on alternate span on the entire span on the half span open-frame tower operating load operating room overturning overturning moment parapet wall partial safety factor for loads partially enclosed structure partition load passenger vehicle patient room performance function period for no.1 period reduction factor permanent action(load) permanent load permanent partition pitched roof place of public assembly
-4-

第一章 荷载与作用 局部部位 局部荷载 吊车纵向水平荷载 长期变形 脉动增大系数 上人屋面 质量 材料性能 最大轮压 平均屋面高度 最小势能原理 振型叠加法 山区 活动座位 多自由度体系 多道设防体系 房屋类别 办公楼 相邻跨 隔跨 满跨 半跨 敞开式塔架 操作荷载 手术室 倾覆 倾覆弯矩 女儿墙 荷载分项系数 半敞开式结构 隔墙荷载 客车 病房 功能函数 第一周期 周期折减系数 永久作用(荷载) 永久荷载 固定隔墙 坡屋顶,斜屋面 人口密集处 上册-英汉对照

Chapter 1 Loads and Action plant platform Poisson's ratio pond load portable partition primary load-resisting system probability distribution probability of failure purlin quasi-permanent combinations quasi-permanent value rated capacity reading room recurrence interval reducing coefficient of live load reduction of live load reference snow pressure reference wind pressure reliability reliability index repeated service load representative value representative value of a load representative value of gravity load residential resistance ridge roof garden roof live load roof slope safety category saw-toothed roof scaffolding self-straining force serviceablility limit state shape factor of wind load shear modulus single degree-of-freedom system single span monopitched roof skylight sliding
-5-

第一章 荷载与作用 厂房 看台 泊松比 积水荷载 可移动隔墙 主要承重体系 概率分布 失效概率 檩条 准永久组合 准永久值 额定起重量(吊车) 阅览室 重现期 活荷载折减系数 活荷载折减 基本雪压 基本风压 可靠性 可靠指标 反复荷载 代表值 荷载代表值 重力荷载代表值 住宅 抗力 屋脊 屋顶花园 屋面活荷载 屋面坡度 安全等级 锯齿形屋面 脚手架 自应力荷载 正常使用极限状态 风荷载体形系数 剪切模量 单自由度体系 单跨单坡屋面 天窗 滑移 上册-英汉对照

Chapter 1 Loads and Action snow load soil pressure stack room stage stair stair tread statistical data statistical parameter steel rail stiffness stiffness restraint of backfill soil to basement storey drift strain energy stress-strain relationship strong shear – weak bending suburban area take-off weight temporary partition terrain roughness the most critical combination the most critical effect the worst case theatre time history analysis transverse traveling load tributary area trolley tunnel test ultimate limit state unbalanced accumulation unenclosed structure unmanned roof urban area variable action(load) variational principal vertical component vertical element vertical load virtual work wind fluctuation factor
-6-

第一章 荷载与作用 雪荷载 土压力 书库 舞台 楼梯 踏步板 统计资料 统计参数 钢轨,轨道 刚度 回填土对地下室约束的相对刚度 层间位移 应变能 应力-应变关系 强剪弱弯 城市郊区 起飞重量 临时隔墙 地面粗糙度 最不利组合 最不利效应 最不利情况 剧院 时程分析 横向行驶的荷载(吊车) 从属面积 小车(吊车) 风洞试验 承载能力极限状态 不均匀堆积 敞开式结构 不上人屋面 城市市区 可变作用(荷载) 变分原理 竖向分量 竖向构件 竖向荷载 虚功 脉动影响系数 上册-英汉对照

stiffness enlargement factor for middle-span beam 中梁刚度放大系数

Chapter 1 Loads and Action wind fluttering factor wind load wind shield wind-excited oscillation windward work working grade 风振系数 风荷载 挡风板 风致振动 迎风面 功

第一章 荷载与作用

工作级别(吊车)

-7-

上册-英汉对照

Chapter 2

Seismic Design

第二章 抗震设计

Chapter 2 Seismic Design

第二章 抗震设计

accidental eccentricity additional bending moment additional damping additional seismic action factors at top of the building allowable value of drift angle amplifying factor for elaso-plastic story drift artificial acceleration time-history curve avalanche axial-force-ratio backing bar base shear force base shear method bearing wall boundary of slope brittle mode of failure buried depth cast-in-situ concrete floor center of mass center of rigidity circular natural frequency code for seismic design of buildings compaction method composite floor with fluted plate compound hoop compound or continuous compound rectangular spiral hoop concentrically braced frame confining boundary element core column corner column coupled torsion method coupling beam critical damping crosswise brace damped free vibration damping ratio
-8-

偶然偏心 附加弯矩 附加阻尼 顶部附加地震作用系数 层间位移角限值 弹塑性层间位移放大系数 人工模拟加速度时程曲线 崩塌 轴压比 垫板 底部剪力 基底剪力法 承重墙 边坡边缘 脆性破坏 埋置深度 现浇混凝土楼板 质量中心 刚度中心 自振圆频率 建筑抗震设计规范 加密法 压型钢板钢筋混凝土组合楼板 复合箍筋 复合或连续复合矩形螺旋箍 中心支撑框架 约束边缘构件 芯柱 角柱 扭转藕联方法 连梁 临界阻尼 交叉支撑 有阻尼自由振动 阻尼比 上册-英汉对照

Chapter 2

Seismic Design

第二章 抗震设计

deformations predominantly due to shear design basic acceleration of ground motion design characteristic period of ground motion design earthquake groups design parameters of ground motion detail of seismic design diaphragm discontinuity discontinuity in bearing capacity discontinuity in vertical anti-lateral-force members displacement-relevant type dog-bone connection double plate double-limb coupling wall ductility dynamic characteristics earthquake action eccentrically braced frame elasto-plastic deformation analysis elato-plasic time-history analyzing method end-column energy-dissipating beam segment energy-dissipating component equivalent static lateral force equivalent viscous damping ratio expansion joint/contraction joint fixing location frame structure frame-brace frame-core-tube structure framed tube frame-support wall structure frame-wall structure frequently earthquake full penetration butt welds geotechnical stability grade 1/2/3 framed structure grade 1/2/3 wall grade of liquefaction gravity additional bending moment
-9-

剪切变形为主 设计基本地震加速度 设计特征周期 设计地震分组 设计地震动参数 抗震构造措施 楼面不连续 承载力突变 竖向抗侧力构件不连续 位移相关型 狗骨节点 贴板 双肢抗震墙 延性 动力特性 地震作用 偏心支撑框架 弹塑性变形分析 弹塑性时程分析 端柱 耗能梁段 耗能构件 等效侧向静力荷载 等效粘滞阻尼比 伸缩缝 嵌固部位 框架结构 框架-支撑 框架-核心筒结构 框架-筒体 部分框支抗震墙结构 框架-抗震墙结构 多遇地震 完全熔透坡口焊 岩土地震的稳定性 1/2/3 级框架 1/2/3 级抗震墙 液化等级 重力附加弯矩 上册-英汉对照

favorable/unfavorable/hazardous seismic fortification plats 有利/不利/危险地段

Chapter 2

Seismic Design

第二章 抗震设计

great frame ground subsidence height-width ratio hidden column hidden-beam horizontal brace horizontal seismic influence coefficient horizontal transmission member inverted-v shape brace isolation joint joint-panel shear deformation k-shape brace landslide lateral braced point lateral displacement(sway) stiffness lateral-force-resisting system limit value of elaso-plastic story drift rotation limit value of elastic story drift rotation linear static/dynamic analyzing method liquefaction liquefaction index liquefaction mitigation measure liquefaction subsoil lonely tall hill long-cantilevered structure longitudinal wall lumped mass major earthquake maximum pressure on foundation bottom maximum ratio of total height to total width mean pressure on foundation bottom mechanic model mode mode participation factor moment resisting frame non-liquefaction non-rocky steep slope oblique direction lateral-force-resisting member ordinary boundary element ordinary braced frame
-10-

巨型框架 震陷 高宽比 暗柱 暗梁 水平支撑 水平地震影响系数 水平转换构件 人字支撑 抗震缝 节点域剪切变形 K 型支撑 滑坡 侧向支承点 侧移刚度 抗侧力体系 弹塑性层间位移角限值 弹性层间位移角限值 线性静/动力分析方法 液化 液化指数 抗液化措施 液化地基 高耸孤立的山丘 长悬臂结构 纵墙 集中质量 大震 基底最大压力 最大高宽比 基底平均压力 力学模型 振型、模态 振型参与系数 框架 不液化 非岩石的陡坡 斜交抗侧力构件 构造边缘构件 普通支撑框架 上册-英汉对照

Chapter 2

Seismic Design

第二章 抗震设计

ordinary hoop overlaying depth parapet without anchorage partial factor for horizontal seismic action partial factor for vertical seismic action peak ground acceleration plastic hinge polar moment of inertial pre-cast floor/roof prefabricated concrete roof/floor probability of exceedence rarely earthquake recurrence interval reduction factor for the liquefaction effect of soil layer reentrance corners irregularity reentrant corner regular seismic building reinforced concrete spandrel girder reinforced concrete wall plane with hidden steel brace reinforced concrete wall plane with vertical separators representative value of gravity response spectrum response spectrum method for modal analysis restoring-force characteristic model retaining wall rigid base rigid/semi-rigid/flexible diaphragm river bank rubber isolator unit saturated sand saturated silt secant stiffness secondary effect of gravitation seismic adjusting factor for loading capacity seismic capacity for the nodes of frame seismic concept design of buildings seismic detail requirement seismic fortification category seismic fortification criterion seismic fortification intensity
-11-

普通箍筋 覆盖层厚度 无锚固女儿墙 水平地震作用分项系数 竖向地震作用分项系数 地面加速度峰值 塑性铰 极惯性矩 装配式楼盖/屋面 预制楼盖/屋盖 超越概率 罕遇地震 重现周期 土层液化影响折减系数 凹凸不规则 凹角 规则抗震建筑 钢筋混凝土托墙梁 内藏钢支撑钢筋混凝土墙板 带竖缝钢筋混凝土墙板 重力荷载代表值 反应谱 振型分解反应谱法 恢复力模型 抗撞墙 刚性地基 刚性/半刚性/柔性隔板 河岸 橡胶隔震单元 饱和砂土 饱和粘土 割线刚度 重力二阶效应 承载力抗震调整系数 框架节点核心区地震承载力 建筑抗震概念设计 抗震构造要求 抗震设防类别 抗震设防标准 抗震设防烈度 上册-英汉对照

Chapter 2

Seismic Design

第二章 抗震设计

seismic fortification measures seismic multiple-defense lines seismic overturning moment seismic shear factor value of floor level seismic shear force seismic soil bearing capacity seismically isolated settlement caused by liquefaction settlement joint shear-wave velocity of soil single diagonal brace site site-classes slab-column-structural wall structure soft subsoil special concentrically braced frame speed linear relevant type speed non-linear relevant type spiral hoop stiffness irregularity story displacement story strengthening with outrigger member story yield strength coefficient strength reducing factor under cycling load stress concentration strip-protruding spur strong-column/weak-beam supporting-column

抗震措施 多道抗震防线 地震倾覆弯矩 楼层地震剪力系数 地震剪力 地基抗震承载力 隔震的 液化沉陷 沉降缝 剪切波速 单斜杆支撑 场地 场地类别 板柱-抗震墙结构 软土地基 特殊中心支撑框架 速度线性相关型 速度非线性相关型 螺旋箍 侧向刚度不规则 楼层位移 加强层 楼层屈服强度系数 受循环荷载时强度降低系数 应力集中 条状突出的山嘴 强柱弱梁 框支柱

the adjusting factor of slope for the linear decrease 直线下降段的下降斜率调整系 section 数 the damping adjustment factor the horizontal dynamic stiffness the minimum hoop characteristic the natural vibration period the power index of the curvilinear decrease section the spacing of hoops the ultimate shear capacity of a bolt tie column torsion effect
-12-

阻尼调整系数 水平动刚度 最小配箍率特征值 自振周期 曲线下降段的衰减指数 箍筋间距 一个螺栓的极限受剪承载力 构造柱 扭转效应 上册-英汉对照

the yield capacity for the joint-panel of beam and column 梁柱节点区域屈服承载力

Chapter 2

Seismic Design

第二章 抗震设计

torsional irregularity transference story transverse wall truss tube tube in tube structure tubes vertical and lateral distribution web reinforcement vertical seismic action vertical seismic influence coefficient volumetric ratio of hoop reinforcement wall structure weak region of seismic building weak story

扭转不规则 转换层 横墙 桁架-筒体 筒中筒结构 束筒 竖向和横向分布钢筋(抗震墙) 竖向地震作用 竖向地震影响系数 体积配箍率 抗震墙结构 抗震建筑薄弱部位 薄弱层

-13-

上册-英汉对照

Chapter 3

Foundation

第三章 地基基础

Chapter 3 Foundation

第三章 地基基础

a under-reamed cast-in-situ pile a weak underlying stratum active earth pressure adjacent excavation adjacent pile allowable differential settlements allowable subsoil deformation allowable value anchor depth anchor force anchor pile anchor plate anchor rod anchored retaining wall angle of inclination/ inclination angle of internal friction of the soil angular gravel arc sliding surface method average additional pressure average pressure base failure base plate of mat foundation beams on elastic foundation block stone bored pile boring boulders box foundation braced excavation brick foundation broken stone/crushed stone cantilever sheet pile wall casing casing filled with concrete cast-in-situ concrete pile foundation center pile changing of ground water level
-14-

扩底灌注桩 软弱下卧层 主动土压力 相邻基坑 相邻桩 容许差异沉降 地基变形允许值 允许值 锚固深度 锚固力 锚桩 锚垫板 锚杆 锚杆挡墙 倾角 土的内摩擦角 角砾 圆弧滑动面法 平均附加压力 平均压力 地基破坏 筏基底板 弹性地基梁 块石 钻孔桩 钻孔 漂石 箱型基础 支撑开挖 砖基础 碎石 悬臂式板桩墙 套管 套管内灌混凝土 混凝土灌注桩基础 中心桩 地下水位变化 上册-英汉对照

Chapter 3

Foundation

第三章 地基基础

characteristic value check on compression check on shear strength clay clearance space coarse sand cobble coefficient of additional stress coefficient of compressibility coefficient of consolidation coefficient of permeability cohesion force cohesive soil combined foundation compaction piles compensated foundation composite subgrade /composite foundation concrete against infiltration concrete foundation cone foundation cone penetration test (CPT) connection beam consolidation consolidation curve consolidation test consolidation theory constant head contents of grains corner pile corner point method correction factor for depth counter-fort walls cushion course deep basement deep excavation deep-mixing pile deformation compatibility degree of saturation depth of excavation design of wall against sliding diaphragm walls
-15-

特征值 抗压验算 抗剪验算 粘土 净空 粗纱 卵石 附加应力系数 压缩系数 固结系数 渗透系数 粘聚力 粘性土 联合基础 压实桩 补偿基础 复合地基 抗渗混凝土 混凝土基础 锥形基础 圆锥灌入试验 联系梁 固结 固结曲线 固结试验 固结理论 常水头 颗粒含量 角桩 角点法 深度修正系数 扶壁式挡土墙 垫层 深层地下室 深开挖 深层搅拌桩 变形协调 饱和度 开挖深度 挡土墙抗滑设计 地下连续墙 上册-英汉对照

Chapter 3

Foundation

第三章 地基基础

difference in settlements direct shear test drainage layer drainage of footing drainage of wall driven cast-in-place pile driven pile driving driving shoe drop hammer dry density dry unit weight dynamic pile capacity earth works eccentric load eccentrically loaded foundation effective gravitational density embedment depth end bearing piles end resistance of a pile excavation excavation support structure excess pore water pressure external ground level field vane test filled and leveled area filled ground level filled soil final settlement fine sand flange of varying thickness floating foundation foundation foundation base foundation top foundation types fraction friction piles / floating piles general shear failure geological conditions gravitational density / gravity density
-16-

沉降差 直剪试验 排水层 基础排水 挡墙的排水 沉管灌注桩 打入桩 打桩 桩头/桩靴 落锤 干密度 干容重 桩的动承载力 土方工程 偏心荷载 偏心受荷基础 浮重度 埋深 端承桩 桩端承载力 开挖基坑 基坑维护结构 超空隙水压力 室外地面标高 现场十字板试验 填方整平地区 填土面标高 人工填土 最终沉降量 细纱 变厚度翼缘 浮筏基础 基础 基础底面 基础顶面 基础类型 粒组含量 摩擦桩 整体剪切破坏 地质条件 重度、重力密度 上册-英汉对照

Chapter 3

Foundation

第三章 地基基础

gravity retaining walls ground anchor ground beams ground surface ground treatment high socket foundation high-rise pile cap H-pile hydraulic gradient inclined anchor inclined wall initial ground water level insertion depth in-situ static loading test of a single pile internal ground level jacked-down piles laboratory vane test large diameter pile large displacement pile large-area storage loading lateral earth pressure lateral earth pressure at rest laterite /red clay layered soil lifting of piles lime concrete foundation lime-soil foundation liquid limit liquidity index loaded pile local shear failure low pile cap main load-bearing layer mat slab medium sand method of beams and slabs on elastic foundation modulusof compressibility/constrained modulus Mohr's stress circle moisture content of soil muck mucky soil
-17-

重力式挡土墙 土锚 /地锚 地梁 室外地面 地基处理 高杯口基础 高桩承台 H 型桩 水力梯度 斜锚杆 倾斜式挡土墙 初始地下水位 插入深度 单桩静载荷试验 室内地面标高 静压桩 室内十字板试验 大直径桩 大量挤土桩 大面积堆载 侧向土压力 侧向静止土压力 红粘土 成层土 桩上拔 三合土基础 灰土基础 液限 液性指数 受荷桩 局部剪切破坏 低桩承台 主要受力层 筏板 中砂 弹性地基梁板法 压缩模量 摩尔应力圆 土的含水量 淤泥 淤泥质土 上册-英汉对照

Chapter 3

Foundation

第三章 地基基础

multi-layer summation method natural subsoil negative skin friction net pressure net water pressure non-displacement pile non-reinforced spread foundation non-uniform soils normally consolidated offshore foundation optimum water content order of driving overburden pressure over-consolidated overturning of retaining wall pad foundation beneath columns partial tilting particle shape particle size passive earth pressure penetration depth penetration-resistant grade per liner meter pile cap pile defect pile failure pile failure mode pile foundation pile group pile point pile shaft pile shaft strength pile space pile type plastic limit plasticity index plate load test pore pressure pore water pressure porosity pre-cast concrete pile foundation
-18-

分层总和法 天然地基 负摩阻力 净压力 净水压力 非挤土桩 无筋扩展基础 不均匀地基 正常固结 海岸基础 最佳含水量 打桩顺序 超载压力 超固结 挡土墙的倾覆 柱下独立基础 局部倾斜 颗粒形状 粒径 被动土压力 灌入深度 抗渗等级 每延米 承台 桩的缺陷 桩破坏 桩的破坏模式 桩基础 群桩 桩尖 桩身 桩身强度 桩距 桩型 塑限 塑性指数 平板载荷试验 空隙压力 空隙水压力 空隙率 混凝土预制桩基础 上册-英汉对照

Chapter 3

Foundation

第三章 地基基础

preloaded foundation soils primary consolidation primary settlement pull out resistance of footing at depth pull out resistance of shallow footing punching punching failure punching failure cone racked piles / raker piles/ batter piles raft foundation/ mat foundation redriving of piles reinforced earth reinforced earth wall retaining walls retraining structure rigid foundation risen pile rock rock anchor rock discontinuity structure plan rock-inlaid cast-in-situ pile rounded gravel rubble concrete foundation rubble foundation sample disturbance screw piles secondary consolidation settlement settlement observation settlement rate shallow foundation shear key in sliding wall side of pile group silky clay silky sand silky soil single-story bent structures skin friction of a pile skin area of piles slab foundation sliding moment
-19-

预压地基 主固结 初始沉降 深基础的抗拔力 浅基础的抗拔力 冲切 冲切破坏 冲切破坏锥体 斜桩 筏基 桩复打 加劲土 加劲土墙 挡土墙 支挡结构 刚性基础 上抬的桩 岩石 岩锚 岩体结构面 嵌岩灌注桩 圆砾 毛石混凝土基础 毛石基础 土样扰动 螺旋桩 次固结 沉降,沉降量 沉降观测 沉降速率 浅基础 抗滑墙上的剪力键 群桩的周边 粉质粘土 粉沙 粉土 单层排架结构 桩侧摩阻力 桩周面积 平板式筏基 滑动力矩 上册-英汉对照

Chapter 3

Foundation

第三章 地基基础

sliding-resistant moment slip surface slope slope angle slope stability slurry excavation slurry trench pile slurry walls small displacement pile socket base socket foundation socket wall soft cohesive soil soil aggregate gravelly soil soil classification soil of high compressibility soil of low compressibility soil of medium compressibility soil-compacting effect /soil-squeezing effect soil-rock composite subgrade solidier pile spread foundation stability of foundation standard frost penetration (depth) standard penetration test (SPT) static water pressures steel sheet piles stepped foundation stiffened slab foundation stress increase stress release strip foundation beneath columns strip foundation beneath walls strip foundation with cross beams strip load struts critical depth subgrade subgrade bearing capacity substratum superstructure surface-empty phenomena
-20-

抗滑力矩 滑动面 边坡 边坡坡角 边坡稳定性 泥浆开挖 泥浆护壁类桩型 泥浆连续墙 少量挤土桩 杯底 杯口基础 杯臂 软弱粘土 碎石土 土的分类 高压缩性土 低压缩性土 中压缩性土 挤土效应 土岩组合地基 直桩 扩展基础 地基稳定性 标准冻深 标准灌入试验 静止水压力 钢板桩 阶梯型基础 梁板式筏基 应力增量 应力释放 柱下条形基础 墙下条形基础 交叉条形基础 条形荷载 支撑临界深度 地基 地基承载力 下卧层 上部结构 脱空现象 上册-英汉对照

Chapter 3

Foundation

第三章 地基基础

the bearing stratum depth of foundation for settlement calculation the medium weathered rock the minimum reinforcement ratio the peripheral length of the pile shaft the principle of stress superposition the report of engineering geological survey the slightly weathered rock the Winkler foundation model three-pile cap thrust due to land slide tilting toe of retaining wall triaxial test ultimate load of pile group unconfined compression test undrained shear strength uniaxial compression unit weight of soil vertical bearing capacity of a pile void ratio/ porosity ratio water saturation weighted average gravitational density width-height ratio of step

持力层 地基沉降计算深度 中风化岩石 最小配筋率 桩身周长 应力叠加原理 工程地质勘查报告 微风化岩石 文可勒地基模型 三桩承台 滑坡推力 倾斜 挡土墙趾 三轴试验 群桩极限荷载 无侧限压缩试验 不排水抗剪强度 单轴压缩 土的容重 单桩竖向承载力 空隙比 水饱和 加权平均重度 台阶高宽比

-21-

上册-英汉对照

Chapter 4

Reinforcement Concrete

第四章 钢筋混凝土结构

Chapter 4 Reinforcement Concrete

第四章 钢筋混凝土结构

abamurus abutment wall/flange wall accelerant/accelerated agent accelerated cement acceptance specification acid and alkali-resistant grout acid and alkali-resistant mortar addition agent adhesive adhesive attraction adhesive bitumen primer aeroconcrete age aggregate allowable stress design axial compression axial compressive load axial tension be bent cold beam depth beam-to-column connections bent-up bar bottom reinforcement boundary elements (or zones) bundle buttress cantilever beam cast-in-place concrete centroidal axis clear cover clear spacing clear span coarse aggregate collar tie beam/ring-beam column column-to-footing connection compression reinforcement
-22-

挡土墙,扶壁 翼墙 促凝剂 快凝水泥 验收规范 耐酸碱水泥浆 耐酸碱水泥砂浆 添加剂 胶粘剂 附着力 冷底子油 加气混凝土 龄期 骨料 容许应力设计 轴压 轴心压力 轴拉 冷弯 梁高 梁柱节点 弯起钢筋 底筋 边缘构件或区域 绑轧 扶壁柱 悬臂梁 现浇混凝土 中心轴 保护层 净距 净跨 粗骨料 圈梁 柱 柱脚节点 受压钢筋 上册-英汉对照

Chapter 4

Reinforcement Concrete

第四章 钢筋混凝土结构

compression-controlled section compressive strength concrete structures construction joints continuing bar continuous continuous beams continuous slabs corrosion protection crack cracking moment creep cross section cross section cure deep beam deformed/spiral reinforcement depth of slab depth-span ratio design load combinations development length/lap length ducts for grouted durability dynamic amplification factor effective compressive flange effective cross-sectional area effective depth of section effective prestress elastic deflection embedment length equivalent rectangular column expansive cement exterior basement wall factored load fine aggregate fire protection fixed flange flexural and compression members footings of buildings form
-23-

受压控制截面 抗压强度 混凝土结构 施工缝 连续钢筋 连续 连续梁 连续板 防腐 开裂,裂缝 开裂弯矩 徐变 横截面 截面 养护 深梁 螺纹钢筋 板厚 高跨比 设计荷载组合 搭接长度 灌浆管 耐久性 动力放大系数 有效受压翼缘 有效截面 截面有效高度 有效预应力 弹性变形 锚固长度 正方形截面柱 膨胀水泥 地下室外墙 乘以分项系数的荷载 细骨料 防火 固定 翼板 压弯构件 建筑物底部 模板 上册-英汉对照

Chapter 4

Reinforcement Concrete

第四章 钢筋混凝土结构

formulas frame structure with special-shaped columns frame-truss structure with special-shaped columns grade grade 60 concrete grade beam gross section grout grouting high-early-strength cement high-strength steel bar hollow-core slab hydraulic cement inclined beam inclined stirrup in-plane force isolation joint joint lap splices large volumes of concrete lateral force-resisting systems layer length over lift-slab construction lightweight aggregate lightweight concrete loaded area longitudinal reinforcement long-time deflection loss of prestress materials for grout mechanical anchorage mechanical connections midspan minimum slab thickness mix mix proportions moment magnification factor moment of inertia moment-resisting frames negative moment
-24-

公式 异型柱框架结构 异型柱框架-桁架结构 等级 C60 混凝土 地基梁 全截面 水泥浆 灌浆 早强水泥 高强钢筋 空心楼板 水泥 斜梁 斜向箍筋 面内荷载 分隔缝 节点 搭接 大体积混凝土 抗侧体系 层 梁、柱全长 升板施工 轻骨料 轻质混凝土 荷载面积 纵筋 永久变形 预应力损失 灌浆料 机械锚固 机械连接 跨中 最小板厚 搅拌 配比 弯矩放大系数 惯性矩 刚架 负弯矩 上册-英汉对照

Chapter 4

Reinforcement Concrete

第四章 钢筋混凝土结构

negative moment reinforcement neutral axis nominal diameter of bar nominal strength non pre-stressed reinforcement nonbearing wall non-potable water nonstructural members nonsway column nonsway frame one-way slabs opening overall thickness overstressed pedestal pilaster plain concrete plain reinforcement plastic hinge region Portland cement positive moment positive moment reinforcement post-tension pre-cast concrete prestress losses pre-stressed concrete pre-stressing tendons pretension rectangular beam reduction factors reinforced concrete reinforced gypsum concrete reinforcement around structural steel core reinforcement ratio relaxation of tendon stress residual deflection/deformation rib seismic hook seismic zones settlement of supports seven-day strength
-25-

梁上部纵筋 中和轴 钢筋直径 强度标准值 非预应力钢筋 非承重墙 非饮用水 非结构构件 非摇摆柱 无侧移框架 单向板 开洞 总厚 超应力 基座 壁柱 素混凝土 光面钢筋 塑性铰区 波特兰水泥 正弯矩 梁下部纵筋 后张拉 预制混凝土 预应力损失 预应力混凝土 预应力钢筋 先张法 矩形梁 折减系数 钢筋混凝土 钢筋石膏混凝土 钢骨外包混凝土 配筋率 钢筋预应力松弛 残余变形 肋 箍筋抗震钩 地震区 支座沉降 7 天强度 上册-英汉对照

Chapter 4

Reinforcement Concrete

第四章 钢筋混凝土结构

shear bar shear key shear reinforcement shear walls shore short-limb shear wall

抗剪钢筋 抗剪键 梁箍筋 剪力墙 支撑架 短肢剪力墙

short-limb shear wall structure with special-shaped 异型柱-短肢剪力墙结构 columns shrinkage/contraction shrinkage-compensating concrete side face reinforcement simply supported beams simply supported solid slabs six-bar-diameter slab slab without beams. slag slag cement span length special-shaped column spiral reinforcement splitting tensile strength standard deviation steam curing steel-encased concrete core stiffness reduction factor stirrup strength strength design strength-reduction factor stripping strong column/weak beam strong connection structural diaphragm structural members structural system with special-shaped columns structural trusses strut support support reaction tensile strain
-26-

收缩 无收缩混凝土 梁腰筋 简支梁 简支板 六倍钢筋直径 楼板 无梁楼盖 矿渣 火山灰水泥 跨度 异形柱 柱箍筋 拉裂强度 标准差 蒸汽养护 钢包核心混凝土 刚度折减系数 箍筋 强度 强度设计 强度折减系数 拆模 强柱弱梁 强节点 结构隔板 结构构件 异型柱结构体系 结构桁架 支柱 支座 支座反力 拉应变 上册-英汉对照

Chapter 4

Reinforcement Concrete

第四章 钢筋混凝土结构

tensile strength tension and shear act simultaneously tension reinforcement tension-controlled section tolerance top reinforcement torsion reinforcement transverse reinforcement two-way slab volumetric ratio wall pier water-cement ratio water-cement ratio by weight web welded splices white Portland cement

抗拉强度 拉力与剪力同时作用 受拉钢筋 受拉控制截面 公差 顶筋 抗扭钢筋 横向钢筋 双向板 体积比 短肢墙 水灰比 重量水灰比 腹板 焊接 白水泥

-27-

上册-英汉对照

Chapter 5 Steel Structure

第五章 钢结构

Chapter 5 Steel Structure

第五章 钢结构

a rigid beam-to-column connection accuracy of construction(fabrication) acid-pickle additional tests additional tests on steels alignment allowable slenderness ratio allowable stress range angle of stress dispersal automatic welding automatic or semi-automatic process backing plate battened members battens,batten plate beam-columns bearing connection bearing stength bearing stiffener bend test blast-clean bolt tightening bolted connections bolting branch member brittle fracture butt welds camber carbon content carbon structural steels cast steel Charpy V-notch impact test chord member cladding closed section

梁柱刚性连接 安装精度 酸洗 附加检验 钢材附加检验 对准 容许长细比 容许应力幅 应力扩散角 自动焊 全自动或半自动方式 衬板,垫板 缀板柱 缀板 压弯构件 承压连接 承压强度 支承加劲肋 弯曲试验 磨砂 螺栓拧紧 螺栓连接 螺栓 支管 脆断 对头焊接 起拱 碳含量 碳素结构钢 铸钢 v 形坡口冲击试验 弦杆 涂层 闭口截面

coefficient of equivalent bending moment of eccentrically 钢压弯构件等效弯矩系数 loaded steel member(beam-column)
-28-

上册-英汉对照

Chapter 5 Steel Structure

第五章 钢结构

coefficient of linear expansion cold-formed steel structural member compact section complete-joint-penetration (CJP) groove weld component stability condition of bolts condition of steel constant amplitude fatigue couposite rubber and steel support crane girder crane truss cross diagonals cutting defect acceptance criteria design value of strength of steel diagonal stiffeners dimensions and tolerances direct dynamic loading/ distortion/deformation double-stepped column doubly symmetric section edge distance effective cross-section area of high-strength bolt· effective length effective length factor effective length for torsional bucking effective thickness of fillet welds effective width effective width factor end bearing end moment equal leg angles equivalent slenderness ratio erection erection drawing evaluation of welding techniques excessive deformation eyebar factor of equivalent moment fatigue failure
-29-

线膨胀系数 冷弯型钢构件 厚实截面 完全坡口融透焊 单肢稳定 螺栓状态 钢材状况 常幅疲劳 橡胶支座 吊车梁 吊车桁架 交叉斜杆 切割 缺陷可接受准则 钢材强度设计值 斜加劲肋 尺寸和允许误差 直接动力荷载 变形 双阶柱 双轴对称截面 边距 高强度螺栓的有效截面积 计算长度,有效长度 计算长度系数 扭转屈曲计算长度 角焊缝有效厚度 有效宽度 有效宽度系数 端面承压 端弯矩 等边角钢 换算长细比 安装 安装图 焊接工艺评定 过度变形 眼杆 等效弯矩系数 疲劳破坏 上册-英汉对照

Chapter 5 Steel Structure

第五章 钢结构

faying surfaces for hsfg fasteners field /site welding field connection fillers fillet welds finish/surface layer first order elastic analysis flame-cut edge flange flexural buckling flexural-torsional buckling forged steel connection node pieces forming frame braced with strong bracing system frame braced with weak bracing system frequency of weld examination friction surfaces frictional force transferring surfaces,slip plane galvanize galvanized nuts gap gapped connection groove weld gusset plate hand flame cutting hard-stamping heating heavy duty cranes hexagon head bolts high strength friction grip fasteners high strength low-alloy structural steels high-strength bolts in bearing-type connections high-strength bolts in slip-critical connections holding areas holding down bolts/anchor bolts holes in hollow sections hot rolled sections/ plates and bars indirect dynamic loading inflexion point in-plane stability
-30-

高强摩擦连接的构件表面 现场焊接 现场接头 填板 角焊缝 面层 一阶弹性分析 焰切边 凸缘 弯曲失稳 弯扭屈曲 节点锻造钢构件 成孔 强支撑纯框架 弱支撑纯框架 焊接检验次数 摩擦面 传力摩擦面 镀锌 镀锌螺帽 间隙 间隙节点 坡口焊 节点板 手工式火焰切割法 戮印标记 热处理 重级工作制吊车 六角头螺栓 高强螺栓连接副 高强度低合金钢 承压型高强螺栓 摩擦型高强螺栓 储存区 锚栓 空心截面型钢成孔 热轧型钢、钢板和钢条 间接动力荷载 反弯点 平面内稳定 上册-英汉对照

Chapter 5 Steel Structure

第五章 钢结构

installation of spring washers interstorey lateral deflection/story drift joint eccentricity laced members laced of battened compression member lacing lacing and batten elements lamellar tearing laminations leaning column/sway column leg size of fillet welds light duty cranes linear stiffness load-carrying structures local compressive stress local stability locking of nuts longitudinal stiffeners long-slotted holes lower flange machine flame cutting magnetic particle examination main member make-up of bolt assemblies manual welding manufacturer's recommendations marking mechanical properties medium duty cranes metal-spray mill-scale monosymmetric section movement connections nodal bracing force noncompact section non-destructive examination non-welded structures normalized web slenderness notch toughness notional horizontal forces
-31-

弹簧垫圈的安装 层间侧移 节点偏心 缀条柱 格构式钢柱 缀条 缀材(缀件) 层状撕裂 分层 摇摆柱 角焊缝焊脚尺寸 轻级工作制吊车 线刚度 承重结构 局部压应力 局部稳定 螺帽防松 纵向加劲肋 长槽孔 下翼缘 械式火焰切割法 磁性微粒检验 主管 螺栓组合 人工焊 出厂指引 标记 机械性能 中级工作制吊车 喷金属膜 氧化皮表面 单轴对称截面 可动连接 支撑力 非厚实截面 无破损检验 非焊接结构 通用高厚比 冲击韧性 假想水平力 上册-英汉对照

Chapter 5 Steel Structure

第五章 钢结构

number of stress cycles open section open web axis ordinary bolts and nuts out-of-plane stability outside diameter overall stability overall stability factor for flexural members overall stability reduction coefficient of steel beam· overlap connection overlap ratio of bracing members oversized holes packings panel zone panel zone of column web partial-joint-penetration (pjp) groove weld penetrant examination percentage of elongation,percent elongation pitted planed and closely fitted plastic adoption coefficient of cross—section plastic design of steel structure plastic failure plasticity adaptation factor plate-like space truss plug weld polar radius of gyration post-buckling strength of web plate pretension principal planes prying action pure frames quality grade of weld quality inspection of bolted connection quality inspection of riveted connection radius of gyration removal of slag residual stress reverse curvatures rigid decking,rigid slab
-32-

应力循环次数 开口截面 虚轴 普通螺栓与螺帽 平面外稳定 外径 整体稳定 受弯构件整体稳定系数 钢梁整体稳定系数 搭结节点 支管搭结率 扩大孔 衬垫 节点区 柱腹板节点域 部分坡口融透焊 致密性检验 伸长率 凹陷 刨平顶紧 截面塑性发展系数 钢结构塑性设计 塑性损毁/塑性破坏 塑性发展系数 平板型网架 塞焊 极回转半径 腹板屈曲后强度 预拉力 主平面 撬力作用 纯框架 焊缝质量级别 螺栓连接质量检验 铆钉连接质量检验 回转半径 焊渍清除 残余应力 反向曲率 刚性铺板 上册-英汉对照

Chapter 5 Steel Structure

第五章 钢结构

rusted scope of weld examination sealing welds seamless steel pipe second order elastic analysis sectorial moment of inertia /warping constant semi-automatic welding semi-rigid connection shear buckling shear centre shear planes shear studs sheared edge shop drawing short stiffeners short-slotted holes single curvature single system web members skew plane slender section slenderness ratio slip coefficient slip factor slot weld slotted holes solid web members specified minimum tensile strength spherical steel bearing splices spring washers stability calculation stability factor of axially loaded compression members stability formula stainless mild steel plate stainless steel static moment steel cable steel channel steel column component steel column-base
-33-

锈蚀 焊接检验方法 接缝 无缝钢管 二阶弹性分析 扇性惯性矩 半自动焊 半刚性连接 剪切失稳 剪切中心,剪心 剪切面 栓钉 剪切边 细部图 短加劲肋 短槽孔 同向曲率 单系腹杆 斜平面 薄柔截面 长细比 抗滑移系数 滑动系数 槽焊 狭长槽形孔 实腹式构件 最小抗拉强度 球形钢支座 拼接,拼接接头 弹簧垫圈 稳定计算 轴心受压构件稳定系数 稳定性计算公式 不锈软钢板 不锈钢 面积矩 钢缆 槽钢 钢柱分肢 钢柱脚 上册-英汉对照

Chapter 5 Steel Structure

第五章 钢结构

steel composite pile steel fabric steel fabricating yard steel fiber reinforced concrete structure· steel frontal frame steel hanger steel mesh reinforced brick masonry member steel pile steel pipe pile steel pipe/tube steel plate steel property steel reinforcement steel reinforcement and concrete material steel strand steel strip steel structure steel support steel tie steel tie bar for masonry steel truss girder steel tubular structure steel window steel wire stepped columns stiffeners straightening straightness strain compatibility method strength-yielding ratio stress range strong axis,major axis structural fasteners strut sulfur and phosphorus contents. surge girder sway/ sidesway/ lateral movement tack welding temporary attachments test certificates
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复合钢桩 钢筋网 钢制件工场 钢纤维混凝土结构 防撞钢构架 吊筋 方格网配筋砖砌体构件 钢桩 钢管桩 钢管 钢板 钢条特质 钢筋/钢条 钢筋及混凝土材料 钢绞线 钢带 钢结构 钢支座 拉结钢筋 砌体拉结钢筋 钢桁梁 钢管结构 钢窗 钢丝 阶型柱 加劲板 调直 竖向准确度 (挠曲矢高) 变形协调法,平截面假定 屈强比 应力幅 强轴 结构连接构件 支撑/支柱/压杆 硫磷含量 制动梁 侧移 点焊 临时附件 检验证书 上册-英汉对照

Chapter 5 Steel Structure

第五章 钢结构

the allowable stress range method the importance factor of structures the moment-rotation characteristic curve the panel length thermal cutting thread through thickness properties toe of fillet tolerance torshear type bolts torsional buckling torsional moment of inertia /torsion constant transverse load transverse stiffeners trial welding truss of k-web system truss of subdivided web system twisting,torsion ultrasonic flaw detector unbraced frame underloading effect unequal leg angles unsupported length/unbraced length unsupported width upper flange variable amplitude fatigue visual inspection warping washers weak axis/minor axis weathering steel/atmospheric corrosion resisting steel web member weep holes weld crack weld defects weld roof weld toe weld/welding weldability of steel bar welded framework
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容许应力幅法 结构重要性系数 弯矩-转角特性曲线 节间长度 热切割 螺纹 厚度方向性能 起弧点 允许误差 扭剪型螺栓 扭转失稳 抗扭惯性矩 横向荷载 横向加劲肋 试焊 k 型腹杆体系桁架 再分式腹杆体系桁架 扭转 超声波探伤 无支撑纯框架 欠载效应 不等边角钢 无支撑长度 无支承宽度 上翼缘 变幅疲劳 外观检查 翘曲 垫圈 弱轴 耐侯钢 腹杆 预留孔 焊接裂纹 焊接缺陷 焊根 焊趾 焊缝 钢筋可焊性 焊接骨架 上册-英汉对照

Chapter 5 Steel Structure

第五章 钢结构

welded steel beam/ girder welded steel pipe welded steel structure welders welding connection· welding consumable welding flux welding rod welding wire width or free outstand of plate/ wire brush wire guard wire mesh wire mesh fence wire rope working temperature yield strength yield strength (yield point) of steel yield stress Z-direction steel

焊接钢梁 焊接钢管 焊接钢结构 焊工 焊缝连接 焊接材料 焊剂 焊条 焊丝 板的自由外伸宽度 钢丝刷 钢丝护网 钢丝网/金属丝网 钢丝网栏 钢丝绳 工作温度 屈服强度 钢材(钢筋)屈服强度(屈服点) 屈服应力 Z 向钢材

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上册-英汉对照

Chapter 6 Composite Structure

第六章 组合结构

Chapter 6 Composite Structure

第六章 组合结构

arc-spot(puddle) welds average rib width base metal thickness(bmt) beam camber bond strength between concrete and steel interface channel shear connectors closed trough profiled steel deck composite actions /composite behavior composite beams deck ribs oriented parallel to steel beam deck ribs oriented perpendicular to steel beam composite beams with full shear action composite beams with partial shear action composite beams with rectangular haunch composite diagonals composite floor systems composite frame composite gravity systems composite haunch beams composite joint composite member composite shear walls composite shear walls system composite shear walls with steel plates composite slabs/diaphragms composite steel and concrete structures composite structures composite stub beams composite trusses concrete filled in the tube concrete haunch concrete topping concrete-encased composite columns

点焊 平均肋宽 压型钢板基板厚度 钢梁起拱 钢与混凝土介面上的粘结力 槽钢连接件 闭口型压型钢板 组合作用 组合梁 板肋平行于钢梁 板肋垂直于钢梁 完全剪切连接组合梁 部分抗剪连接组合梁 矩形腋组合梁 组合斜撑 组合楼盖体系 组合框架 组合承重体系 加腋组合梁 组合节点 组合构件 组合剪力墙 组合剪力墙体系 带钢板组合剪力墙 压型钢板-混凝土组合板 钢混组合结构 组合结构 组合短柁大梁 组合桁架 管内混凝土 混凝土板托 混凝土硬化 型钢柱

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上册-英汉对照

Chapter 6 Composite Structure

第六章 组合结构

concrete-filled composite pipe column concrete-filled rectangular steel tube member construction shoring/ temporary propping construction storage load continuous composite beams cracked flexural stiffness deck anchorage deck coating depth of steel deck effective width of flange slabs embossments formed in the profile steel deck fire rating fire reinforcement of composite slabs floor vibrations form work fully encased steel beams /concrete-encased beams headed studs interface slip effect local buckling of steel tube longitudinal shear strength maximum span of unshored(unpropped) steel deck mega frames with super columns m-k method

钢管柱 矩形钢管混凝土构件 施工支撑 施工堆积荷载 连续组合梁 开裂抗弯刚度 压型钢板锚固 钢板涂层 压型钢板高度 翼板有效宽度 压型钢板上的凸起 防火等级 组合板防火钢筋 楼板振动 模板工程 型钢梁 圆柱头栓钉 滑移效应 钢管局部失稳 纵向剪切粘结承载力 压型钢板最大无支撑跨距 采用巨型柱的矩形框架体系 m-k 法

negative reinforcement for crack control of composite 组合板抗裂钢筋 slabs noncomposite beam notch beam open trough profiled steel deck overhang length of slabs partial shear connection method 非组合梁 切割梁 开口型压型钢板 楼板伸出长度 部分剪切粘结法

percentage of load-carrying capacity shared by 混凝土的工作承担系数 concrete profiled steel deck/ formed metal deck reduced stiffness reduction factor for shear strength of shear studs rib height rib top shear bond strength
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压型钢板 折减刚度 栓钉抗剪承载力折减系数 肋高 肋顶 剪切粘结强度 上册-英汉对照

Chapter 6 Composite Structure

第六章 组合结构

shear cone shear connectors shear studs shear wall- frame interacting system shrinkage and temperature mesh of composite slabs steel reinforced concrete composite structures

剪切锥 剪力粘结件 剪切栓钉 钢(组合)框架-混凝土核芯筒体系 组合板温度筋 型钢混凝土组合结构

structure with concrete-filled rectangular steel tube 矩形钢管混凝土结构 member transformed area method un-cracked flexural stiffness vertically mixed systems vierendeel truss wet weight of concrete 换算截面法 未开裂抗弯刚度 竖向混合体系 空腹桁架 混凝土湿重

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上册-英汉对照

Chapter 7 Masonry Structure

第七章 砌体结构

Chapter 7

Masonry Structure

第七章 砌体结构

adobe ashlar bed joint block masonry bond beam brick masonry brickwork cavity wall characteristic compressive strength characteristic flexural strength characteristic shear strength chase chicken-wire coefficient of friction cut-and-try effective height or length effective thickness emulsion expansion joint face shell fin wall glable gypsum head joint header hollow and cellular blocks hollow unit masonry line of thrust lintel Load bearing walls local design strength mortar bed mortar joint

砖坯、土砖 琢石、方石堆 底层接缝、平缝 砌块砌体 圈梁、结合梁 砖砌体 砌砖 空心墙 抗压强度特征值 抗弯强度特征值 抗剪强度特征值 暗槽 铁丝织网 摩擦系数 试验性的 有效高度或长度 有效厚度 乳胶液,乳胶 伸缩缝 (空心块材的)外壁 带壁柱墙 山墙、三角墙 石膏 端灰缝 顶砖 空心砌块 空心块材砌体 压力线 过梁 承重墙 局部承压强度 砂浆平缝 灰缝

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上册-英汉对照

Chapter 7 Masonry Structure

第七章 砌体结构

partial safety factors for loads partial safety factors for material strength pier racking random rubble masonry rate of laying reinforced masonry resistance to fire retaining wall retarder rubble shale shoved mortar joint slenderness ratio sound insulation stack bond stretcher unit thermal insulation transverse wall unburned clay masonry unreinforced masonry veneer Wythe

荷载分项系数 材料分项系数 壁柱 阶梯型砌接 毛石砌体 砌筑速率 配筋砌体 防火 挡土墙 缓凝剂 毛石、块石 页岩、泥板岩 挤缝砌筑砌筑 长细比 隔声 竖向通缝砌筑 顺砌块材 隔热 横墙 粘土砖 无配筋砌体 饰面 单层砖墙厚

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上册-英汉对照

Chapter 8 Others

第八章 其它

architect bundled tube construction bid construction design cost estimate cut-and-fill work details electrical engineer elevations exterior diagonal tube flat slab and columns flat slab and shear walls frame tube structures lift-slab structure mechanical engineer models owner perspective drawing plans preliminary design preliminary sketches rigid frame scheme design sections shear wall-frame structure shop drawing sketches specification structural engineer tender drawing

建筑师 束筒结构 施工招标 施工图设计 造价估算 土方工程 详图 电气工程师 立面 外部斜撑筒 平板-柱 平板-剪力墙 框筒结构 升板结构 设备工程师 模型 业主 透视图 平面 初步设计 草图 抗弯框架 方案设计 剖面 框架剪力墙结构 放样图 草图 说明 结构工程师 招标图

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上册-英汉对照

第一章 荷载与作用

Chapter 1 Loads and Action

下 册
第一章 荷载与作用 Chapter 1 Loads and Action

安全等级 办公楼 半敞开式结构 半跨 背风面 边界层 边界条件 边梁 边柱 变分原理 变形后位置 标准值 标准组合 病房 泊松比 不均匀沉降 不均匀堆积 不上人屋面 材料性能 操作荷载 侧向力 层间位移 长期变形 厂房 敞开式结构 敞开式塔架 超静定结构 车库 承载能力极限状态 城市郊区 城市市区

safety category office building partially enclosed structure on the half span leeward boundary layer boundary condition edge beam edge column variational principal deformed position characteristic value/nominal value/standard value characteristic/nominal combination patient room Poisson's ratio differential settlement unbalanced accumulation unmanned roof material property operating load lateral load storey drift long-term deflection plant unenclosed structure open-frame tower indeterminate structure garage ultimate limit state suburban area urban area

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下册-汉英对照

第一章 荷载与作用 冲击荷载 冲击系数 从属面积 大跨结构 大厅 代表值 单跨单坡屋面 单自由度体系 弹性模量 挡风板 等效均布活荷载 地面粗糙度 地面粗糙度类别(美) 地震作用 第一振型 第一周期 电动葫芦 吊车荷载 吊车横向水平荷载 吊车轮压 吊车纵向水平荷载 吊重 动力分析 动力系数 多道设防体系 多自由度体系 额定起重量(吊车) 反复荷载 防火楼梯 房屋类别 分位值 风洞试验 风荷载 风荷载体形系数 风压高度变化系数 风压高度变化系数(美) 风振系数 impact load impact factor tributary area

Chapter 1 Loads and Action

large(long)-span structure lobby representative value single span monopitched roof single degree-of-freedom system elasticity modulus wind shield equivalent uniform live load terrain roughness exposure category earthquake action first mode period for no.1 electric hoist crane load lateral force on crane runaway beam crane wheel load longitudinal force on crane runaway beam lifted load dynamic analysis dynamic coefficient multi-defense system multi degree-of-freedom system rated capacity repeated service load fire escape occupancy category fractile tunnel test wind load shape factor of wind load height variation factor of wind pressure exposure factor for wind pressure wind fluttering factor
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下册-汉英对照

第一章 荷载与作用 风致振动 封闭式结构 概率分布 刚度 钢轨,轨道 高宽比 阁楼 隔跨 隔墙荷载 工况 工作级别(吊车) 公寓 功 功能函数 拱形屋面 构件校核 固定隔墙 固定座位 荷载代表值 荷载分项系数 荷载设计值 荷载效应 荷载组合 荷载组合系数 恒载 恒载产生的弯矩 横向行驶的荷载(吊车) 滑移 wind-excited oscillation enclosed structure probability distribution stiffness steel rail height-to-width ratio attic on alternate span partition load case working grade apartment work performance function arched roof element check permanent partition fixed seats

Chapter 1 Loads and Action

representative value of a load partial safety factor for loads design value of a load load effect load combination load combination coefficient dead load dead-load-resisting moment transverse traveling load sliding

回填土对地下室约束的相对刚度 stiffness restraint of backfill soil to basement 活动座位 活荷载 活荷载折减 活荷载折减系数 积灰荷载 积水荷载 基本变量 基本风速 movable seats live load reduction of live load reducing coefficient of live load ash load pond load basic variable basic wind speed
-45-

下册-汉英对照

第一章 荷载与作用 基本风压 基本荷载组合 基本雪压 基本组合 极限状态 集中荷载 几何参数 驾驶室(吊车) 剪切模量 建筑结构荷载规范 健身房 脚手架 静定结构 局部部位 局部荷载 剧院 锯齿形屋面 看台 抗力 可变作用(荷载) 可靠度 可靠性 可靠指标 可移动隔墙 客车 控制室 栏杆,扶手 栏杆水平荷载 临时隔墙 檩条 流体压力 楼板刚度 楼面活荷载 楼梯 马道 脉动影响系数 脉动增大系数

Chapter 1 Loads and Action reference wind pressure basic load combination reference snow pressure fundamental combination limit state concentrated load geometrical parameter cab shear modulus load code for the design of building structures gymnasium scaffolding determinate structure local area local load theatre saw-toothed roof platform resistance variable action(load) degree of reliability reliability reliability index portable partition passenger vehicle control room handrail horizontal load on railing temporary partition purlin fluid pressure diaphragm stiffness floor live load stair catwalk wind fluctuation factor magnification factor of wind fluctuation
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下册-汉英对照

第一章 荷载与作用 满跨 满足中国规范要求 密度 内插值法 能量 女儿墙 偶然荷载 偶然组合 膨胀 频遇值 频遇组合 平衡方程 平均屋面高度 平屋顶 坡屋顶,斜屋面 起飞重量 强剪弱弯 倾覆 倾覆弯矩 人口密集处 软钩吊车 山墙 山区 上人屋面 设计基准期 设计使用年限 设计值 设计状况 失效概率 施工和检修荷载 施工荷载 施工顺序 时程分析 实验室 使用期间 手动吊车 手术室 on the entire span

Chapter 1 Loads and Action

comply with requirement of Chinese code density interpolation energy parapet wall accidental load accidental combination expansion frequent value frequent combinations equibrium equation mean roof height flat roof pitched roof take-off weight strong shear – weak bending overturning overturning moment place of public assembly flexible lifting hook gable mountainous region manned roof design reference period design working life design value design situation probability of failure construction and maintenance load construction load construction sequence time history analysis laboratory during service life hand-geared bridge crane operating room
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下册-汉英对照

第一章 荷载与作用 书库 竖向分量 竖向构件 竖向荷载 双跨双坡屋面 水浮力 水平分量 水平荷载 水平投影面 塑性变形集中 踏步板 梯度风高度 天窗 统计参数 统计资料 土压力 围护系统 温度膨胀系数 屋顶花园 屋脊 屋面活荷载 屋面积雪分布系数 屋面坡度 屋檐/挑檐 舞台 舞厅 现场试验 相邻跨 小车(吊车) 虚功 悬臂板 悬挑构件 雪荷载 阳台 应变能 应力-应变关系 迎风面 stack room vertical component vertical element vertical load

Chapter 1 Loads and Action

double span double pitched roof hydrostatic uplift load horizontal component horizontal load area projected on a horizontal plane concentration of plastic deformation stair tread gradient height skylight statistical parameter statistical data soil pressure cladding system coefficient of thermal expansion roof garden ridge roof live load distribution factor of snow pressure roof slope eave stage ballroom/ dance hall field experiment on adjacent span trolley virtual work cantilever slab cantilever member snow load balcony strain energy stress-strain relationship windward
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下册-汉英对照

第一章 荷载与作用 硬钩吊车 永久荷载 永久作用(荷载) 雨棚 阅览室 阵风 阵风系数 振型叠加法 正常使用极限状态 直升飞机平台 质量 中梁刚度放大系数 重力荷载代表值 重现期 重要性系数 周期折减系数 主要承重体系 住宅 柱有效长度 转角,角部 准永久值 准永久组合 自应力荷载 走廊 组合值 最不利情况 最不利效应 最不利组合 最大轮压 最小势能原理 作用 hard lifting hook permanent load

Chapter 1 Loads and Action

permanent action(load) canopy reading room gust gust factor coefficient mode superposition serviceablility limit state heliport mass stiffness enlargement factor for middle-span beam representative value of gravity load recurrence interval importance factor period reduction factor primary load-resisting system residential column effective length corner quasi-permanent value quasi-permanent combinations self-straining force corridor combination value the worst case the most critical effect the most critical combination maximum wheel load minimum potential energy principle action

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下册-汉英对照

第二章 抗震设计

Chapter 2

Seismic Design

第二章 抗震设计

Chapter 2 Seismic Design

1/2/3 级抗震墙 1/2/3 级框架 K 型支撑 暗梁 暗柱 凹角 凹凸不规则 板柱-抗震墙结构 饱和砂土 饱和粘土 崩塌 边坡边缘 薄弱层 不液化 部分框支抗震墙结构 侧向刚度不规则 侧向支承点 侧移刚度 层间位移角限值 长悬臂结构 场地 场地类别 超越概率 沉降缝 承载力抗震调整系数 承载力突变 承重墙 脆性破坏 大震 带竖缝钢筋混凝土墙板 单斜杆支撑 弹塑性变形分析 弹塑性层间位移放大系数

grade 1/2/3 wall grade 1/2/3 framed structure k-shape brace hidden-beam hidden column reentrant corner reentrance corners irregularity slab-column-structural wall structure saturated sand saturated silt avalanche boundary of slope weak story non-liquefaction frame-support wall structure stiffness irregularity lateral braced point lateral displacement(sway) stiffness allowable value of drift angle long-cantilevered structure site site-classes probability of exceedence settlement joint seismic adjusting factor for loading capacity discontinuity in bearing capacity bearing wall brittle mode of failure major earthquake reinforced concrete wall plane with vertical separators single diagonal brace elasto-plastic deformation analysis amplifying factor for elaso-plastic story drift

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第二章 抗震设计

Chapter 2

Seismic Design

弹塑性层间位移角限值 弹塑性时程分析 弹性层间位移角限值 等效侧向静力荷载 等效粘滞阻尼比 底部剪力 地基抗震承载力 地面加速度峰值 地震剪力 地震倾覆弯矩 地震作用 垫板 顶部附加地震作用系数 动力特性 端柱 多道抗震防线 多遇地震 反应谱 非岩石的陡坡 附加弯矩 附加阻尼 复合箍筋 复合或连续复合矩形螺旋箍 覆盖层厚度 刚度中心 刚性/半刚性/柔性隔板 刚性地基 钢筋混凝土托墙梁 高宽比 高耸孤立的山丘 割线刚度 隔震的 狗骨节点 构造边缘构件 构造柱 箍筋间距

limit value of elaso-plastic story drift rotation elato-plasic time-history analyzing method limit value of elastic story drift rotation equivalent static lateral force equivalent viscous damping ratio base shear force seismic soil bearing capacity peak ground acceleration seismic shear force seismic overturning moment earthquake action backing bar additional seismic action factors at top of the building dynamic characteristics end-column seismic multiple-defense lines frequently earthquake response spectrum non-rocky steep slope additional bending moment additional damping compound hoop compound or continuous compound rectangular spiral hoop overlaying depth center of rigidity rigid/semi-rigid/flexible diaphragm rigid base reinforced concrete spandrel girder height-width ratio lonely tall hill secant stiffness seismically isolated dog-bone connection ordinary boundary element tie column the spacing of hoops

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第二章 抗震设计

Chapter 2

Seismic Design

规则抗震建筑 罕遇地震 耗能构件 耗能梁段 河岸 桁架-筒体 横墙 滑坡 恢复力模型 基底剪力法 基底平均压力 基底最大压力 极惯性矩 集中质量 加密法 加强层 剪切变形为主 剪切波速 建筑抗震概念设计 建筑抗震设计规范 交叉支撑 角柱 节点域剪切变形 巨型框架 抗侧力体系 抗液化措施 抗震措施 抗震缝 抗震构造措施 抗震构造要求 抗震建筑薄弱部位 抗震墙结构 抗震设防标准 抗震设防类别 抗震设防烈度 抗撞墙 框架

regular seismic building rarely earthquake energy-dissipating component energy-dissipating beam segment river bank truss tube transverse wall landslide restoring-force characteristic model base shear method mean pressure on foundation bottom maximum pressure on foundation bottom polar moment of inertial lumped mass compaction method story strengthening with outrigger member deformations predominantly due to shear shear-wave velocity of soil seismic concept design of buildings code for seismic design of buildings crosswise brace corner column joint-panel shear deformation great frame lateral-force-resisting system liquefaction mitigation measure seismic fortification measures isolation joint detail of seismic design seismic detail requirement weak region of seismic building wall structure seismic fortification criterion seismic fortification category seismic fortification intensity retaining wall moment resisting frame

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第二章 抗震设计

Chapter 2

Seismic Design

框架-核心筒结构 框架节点核心区地震承载力 框架结构 框架-抗震墙结构 框架-筒体 框架-支撑 框支柱 力学模型 连梁 梁柱节点区域屈服承载力 临界阻尼 楼层地震剪力系数 楼层屈服强度系数 楼层位移 楼面不连续 螺旋箍 埋置深度 内藏钢支撑钢筋混凝土墙板 扭转不规则 扭转藕联方法 扭转效应 偶然偏心 偏心支撑框架 普通箍筋 普通支撑框架 嵌固部位 强柱弱梁 曲线下降段的衰减指数 人工模拟加速度时程曲线 人字支撑 软土地基 设计地震动参数 设计地震分组 设计基本地震加速度 设计特征周期 伸缩缝 受循环荷载时强度降低系数

frame-core-tube structure seismic capacity for the nodes of frame frame structure frame-wall structure framed tube frame-brace supporting-column mechanic model coupling beam the yield capacity for the joint-panel of beam and column critical damping seismic shear factor value of floor level story yield strength coefficient story displacement diaphragm discontinuity spiral hoop buried depth reinforced concrete wall plane with hidden steel brace torsional irregularity coupled torsion method torsion effect accidental eccentricity eccentrically braced frame ordinary hoop ordinary braced frame fixing location strong-column/weak-beam the power index of the curvilinear decrease section artificial acceleration time-history curve inverted-v shape brace soft subsoil design parameters of ground motion design earthquake groups design basic acceleration of ground motion design characteristic period of ground motion expansion joint/contraction joint strength reducing factor under cycling load

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第二章 抗震设计

Chapter 2

Seismic Design

束筒 竖向地震影响系数 竖向地震作用 竖向地震作用分项系数 竖向和横向分布钢筋(抗震墙) 竖向抗侧力构件不连续 双肢抗震墙 水平地震影响系数 水平地震作用分项系数 水平动刚度 水平支撑 水平转换构件 速度非线性相关型 速度线性相关型 塑性铰 特殊中心支撑框架 体积配箍率 条状突出的山嘴 贴板 筒中筒结构 土层液化影响折减系数 完全熔透坡口焊 位移相关型 无锚固女儿墙 现浇混凝土楼板 线性静/动力分析方法 橡胶隔震单元 斜交抗侧力构件 芯柱 压型钢板钢筋混凝土组合楼板 延性 岩土地震的稳定性 液化 液化沉陷 液化等级 液化地基 液化指数

tubes vertical seismic influence coefficient vertical seismic action partial factor for vertical seismic action vertical and lateral distribution web reinforcement discontinuity in vertical anti-lateral-force members double-limb coupling wall horizontal seismic influence coefficient partial factor for horizontal seismic action the horizontal dynamic stiffness horizontal brace horizontal transmission member speed non-linear relevant type speed linear relevant type plastic hinge special concentrically braced frame volumetric ratio of hoop reinforcement strip-protruding spur double plate tube in tube structure reduction factor for the liquefaction effect of soil layer full penetration butt welds displacement-relevant type parapet without anchorage cast-in-situ concrete floor linear static/dynamic analyzing method rubber isolator unit oblique direction lateral-force-resisting member core column composite floor with fluted plate ductility geotechnical stability liquefaction settlement caused by liquefaction grade of liquefaction liquefaction subsoil liquefaction index

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第二章 抗震设计

Chapter 2

Seismic Design

一个螺栓的极限受剪承载力 应力集中 有利/不利/危险地段 有阻尼自由振动 预制楼盖/屋盖 约束边缘构件 振型、模态 振型参与系数 振型分解反应谱法 震陷 直线下降段的下降斜率调整系数 质量中心 中心支撑框架 重力二阶效应 重力附加弯矩 重力荷载代表值 重现周期 轴压比 转换层 装配式楼盖/屋面 自振圆频率 自振周期 纵墙 阻尼比 阻尼调整系数 最大高宽比 最小配箍率特征值

the ultimate shear capacity of a bolt stress concentration favorable/unfavorable/hazardous plats damped free vibration prefabricated concrete roof/floor confining boundary element mode mode participation factor response spectrum method for modal analysis ground subsidence the adjusting factor of slope for the linear decrease section center of mass concentrically braced frame secondary effect of gravitation gravity additional bending moment representative value of gravity recurrence interval axial-force-ratio transference story pre-cast floor/roof circular natural frequency the natural vibration period longitudinal wall damping ratio the damping adjustment factor maximum ratio of total height to total width the minimum hoop characteristic seismic fortification

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第三章 地基基础

Chapter 3 Foundation

第三章 地基基础

Chapter 3

Foundation

H 型桩 饱和度 杯臂 杯底 杯口基础 被动土压力 边坡 边坡坡角 边坡稳定性 变厚度翼缘 变形协调 标准冻深 标准灌入试验 补偿基础 不均匀地基 不排水抗剪强度 侧向静止土压力 侧向土压力 插入深度 常水头 超固结 超空隙水压力 超载压力 沉管灌注桩 沉降,沉降量 沉降差 沉降观测 沉降速率 成层土 承台 持力层 冲切 冲切破坏

H-pile degree of saturation socket wall socket base socket foundation passive earth pressure slope slope angle slope stability flange of varying thickness deformation compatibility standard frost penetration (depth) standard penetration test (SPT) compensated foundation non-uniform soils undrained shear strength lateral earth pressure at rest lateral earth pressure insertion depth constant head over-consolidated excess pore water pressure overburden pressure driven cast-in-place pile settlement difference in settlements settlement observation settlement rate layered soil pile cap the bearing stratum punching punching failure

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第三章 地基基础

Chapter 3 Foundation

冲切破坏锥体 初始沉降 初始地下水位 次固结 粗纱 打入桩 打桩 打桩顺序 大量挤土桩 大面积堆载 大直径桩 单层排架结构 单轴压缩 单桩静载荷试验 单桩竖向承载力 弹性地基梁 弹性地基梁板法 挡墙的排水 挡土墙 挡土墙的倾覆 挡土墙抗滑设计 挡土墙趾 低压缩性土 低桩承台 地基 地基变形允许值 地基沉降计算深度 地基承载力 地基处理 地基破坏 地基稳定性 地梁 地下连续墙 地下水位变化 地质条件 垫层 端承桩

punching failure cone primary settlement initial ground water level secondary consolidation coarse sand driven pile driving order of driving large displacement pile large-area storage loading large diameter pile single-story bent structures uniaxial compression in-situ static loading test of a single pile vertical bearing capacity of a pile beams on elastic foundation method of beams and slabs on elastic foundation drainage of wall retaining walls overturning of retaining wall design of wall against sliding toe of retaining wall soil of low compressibility low pile cap subgrade allowable subsoil deformation depth of foundation for settlement calculation subgrade bearing capacity ground treatment base failure stability of foundation ground beams diaphragm walls changing of ground water level geological conditions cushion course end bearing piles
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第三章 地基基础

Chapter 3 Foundation

筏板 筏基 筏基底板 非挤土桩 分层总和法 粉沙 粉土 粉质粘土 扶壁式挡土墙 浮筏基础 浮重度 负摩阻力 附加应力系数 复合地基 干密度 干容重 刚性基础 钢板桩 高杯口基础 高压缩性土 高桩承台 工程地质勘查报告 固结 固结理论 固结曲线 固结试验 固结系数 灌入深度 海岸基础 红粘土 滑动力矩 滑动面 滑坡推力 灰土基础 混凝土灌注桩基础 混凝土基础 混凝土预制桩基础

mat slab raft foundation/ mat foundation base plate of mat foundation non-displacement pile multi-layer summation method silky sand silky soil silky clay counter-fort walls floating foundation effective gravitational density negative skin friction coefficient of additional stress composite subgrade /composite foundation dry density dry unit weight rigid foundation steel sheet piles high socket foundation soil of high compressibility high-rise pile cap the report of engineering geological survey consolidation consolidation theory consolidation curve consolidation test coefficient of consolidation penetration depth offshore foundation laterite /red clay sliding moment slip surface thrust due to land slide lime-soil foundation cast-in-situ concrete pile foundation concrete foundation pre-cast concrete pile foundation
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第三章 地基基础

Chapter 3 Foundation

基础 基础底面 基础顶面 基础类型 基础排水 基坑维护结构 挤土效应 加劲土 加劲土墙 加权平均重度 交叉条形基础 角点法 角砾 角桩 阶梯型基础 净空 净水压力 净压力 静压桩 静止水压力 局部剪切破坏 局部倾斜 开挖基坑 开挖深度 抗滑力矩 抗滑墙上的剪力键 抗剪验算 抗渗等级 抗渗混凝土 抗压验算 颗粒含量 颗粒形状 空隙比 空隙率 空隙水压力 空隙压力 块石

foundation foundation base foundation top foundation types drainage of footing excavation support structure soil-compacting effect /soil-squeezing effect reinforced earth reinforced earth wall weighted average gravitational density strip foundation with cross beams corner point method angular gravel corner pile stepped foundation clearance space net water pressure net pressure jacked-down piles static water pressures local shear failure partial tilting excavation depth of excavation sliding-resistant moment shear key in sliding wall check on shear strength penetration-resistant grade concrete against infiltration check on compression contents of grains particle shape void ratio/ porosity ratio porosity pore water pressure pore pressure block stone
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第三章 地基基础

Chapter 3 Foundation

扩底灌注桩 扩展基础 粒径 粒组含量 联合基础 联系梁 梁板式筏基 卵石 螺旋桩 落锤 埋深 毛石混凝土基础 毛石基础 锚垫板 锚杆 锚杆挡墙 锚固力 锚固深度 锚桩 每延米 摩擦桩 摩尔应力圆 泥浆护壁类桩型 泥浆开挖 泥浆连续墙 排水层 偏心荷载 偏心受荷基础 漂石 平板式筏基 平板载荷试验 平均附加压力 平均压力 浅基础 浅基础的抗拔力 嵌岩灌注桩 墙下条形基础

a under-reamed cast-in-situ pile spread foundation particle size fraction combined foundation connection beam stiffened slab foundation cobble screw piles drop hammer embedment depth rubble concrete foundation rubble foundation anchor plate anchor rod anchored retaining wall anchor force anchor depth anchor pile per liner meter friction piles / floating piles Mohr's stress circle slurry trench pile slurry excavation slurry walls drainage layer eccentric load eccentrically loaded foundation boulders slab foundation plate load test average additional pressure average pressure shallow foundation pull out resistance of shallow footing rock-inlaid cast-in-situ pile strip foundation beneath walls
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第三章 地基基础

Chapter 3 Foundation

倾角 倾斜 倾斜式挡土墙 群桩 群桩的周边 群桩极限荷载 人工填土 容许差异沉降 软弱下卧层 软弱粘土 三合土基础 三轴试验 三桩承台 上部结构 上抬的桩 少量挤土桩 深层地下室 深层搅拌桩 深度修正系数 深基础的抗拔力 深开挖 渗透系数 室内地面标高 室内十字板试验 室外地面 室外地面标高 受荷桩 水饱和 水力梯度 塑限 塑性指数 碎石 碎石土 台阶高宽比 套管 套管内灌混凝土 特征值

angle of inclination/ inclination tilting inclined wall pile group side of pile group ultimate load of pile group filled soil allowable differential settlements a weak underlying stratum soft cohesive soil lime concrete foundation triaxial test three-pile cap superstructure risen pile small displacement pile deep basement deep-mixing pile correction factor for depth pull out resistance of footing at depth deep excavation coefficient of permeability internal ground level laboratory vane test ground surface external ground level loaded pile water saturation hydraulic gradient plastic limit plasticity index broken stone/crushed stone soil aggregate gravelly soil width-height ratio of step casing casing filled with concrete characteristic value
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第三章 地基基础

Chapter 3 Foundation

天然地基 填方整平地区 填土面标高 条形荷载 土的分类 土的含水量 土的内摩擦角 土的容重 土方工程 土锚 /地锚 土岩组合地基 土样扰动 脱空现象 微风化岩石 文可勒地基模型 无侧限压缩试验 无筋扩展基础 细纱 下卧层 现场十字板试验 相邻基坑 相邻桩 箱型基础 斜锚杆 斜桩 悬臂式板桩墙 压实桩 压缩模量 压缩系数 岩锚 岩石 岩体结构面 液限 液性指数 应力叠加原理 应力释放 应力增量

natural subsoil filled and leveled area filled ground level strip load soil classification moisture content of soil angle of internal friction of the soil unit weight of soil earth works ground anchor soil-rock composite subgrade sample disturbance surface-empty phenomena the slightly weathered rock the Winkler foundation model unconfined compression test non-reinforced spread foundation fine sand substratum field vane test adjacent excavation adjacent pile box foundation inclined anchor racked piles / raker piles/ batter piles cantilever sheet pile wall compaction piles modulusof compressibility/constrained modulus coefficient of compressibility rock anchor rock rock discontinuity structure plan liquid limit liquidity index the principle of stress superposition stress release stress increase
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第三章 地基基础

Chapter 3 Foundation

淤泥 淤泥质土 预压地基 圆弧滑动面法 圆砾 圆锥灌入试验 允许值 粘聚力 粘土 粘性土 整体剪切破坏 正常固结 支撑开挖 支撑临界深度 支挡结构 直剪试验 直桩 中风化岩石 中砂 中心桩 中压缩性土 重度、重力密度 重力式挡土墙 主动土压力 主固结 主要受力层 柱下独立基础 柱下条形基础 砖基础 桩侧摩阻力 桩的动承载力 桩的破坏模式 桩的缺陷 桩端承载力 桩复打 桩基础 桩尖

muck mucky soil preloaded foundation soils arc sliding surface method rounded gravel cone penetration test (CPT) allowable value cohesion force clay cohesive soil general shear failure normally consolidated braced excavation struts critical depth retraining structure direct shear test solidier pile the medium weathered rock medium sand center pile soil of medium compressibility gravitational density / gravity density gravity retaining walls active earth pressure primary consolidation main load-bearing layer pad foundation beneath columns strip foundation beneath columns brick foundation skin friction of a pile dynamic pile capacity pile failure mode pile defect end resistance of a pile redriving of piles pile foundation pile point
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第三章 地基基础

Chapter 3 Foundation

桩距 桩破坏 桩上拔 桩身 桩身强度 桩身周长 桩头/桩靴 桩型 桩周面积 锥形基础 钻孔 钻孔桩 最佳含水量 最小配筋率 最终沉降量

pile space pile failure lifting of piles pile shaft pile shaft strength the peripheral length of the pile shaft driving shoe pile type skin area of piles cone foundation boring bored pile optimum water content the minimum reinforcement ratio final settlement

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第四章 钢筋混凝土结构

Chapter 4

Reinforcement Concrete

第四章 钢筋混凝土结构

Chapter 4 Reinforcement Concrete

7 天强度 C60 混凝土 白水泥 板厚 绑轧 保护层 壁柱 边缘构件或区域 标准差 波特兰水泥 残余变形 层 拆模 超应力 乘以分项系数的荷载 粗骨料 促凝剂 搭接 搭接长度 大体积混凝土 单向板 弹性变形 挡土墙,扶壁 等级 底筋 地基梁 地下室外墙 地震区 顶筋 动力放大系数 短肢剪力墙 短肢墙 防腐

seven-day strength grade 60 concrete white Portland cement depth of slab bundle clear cover pilaster boundary elements (or zones) standard deviation Portland cement residual deflection/deformation layer stripping overstressed factored load coarse aggregate accelerant/accelerated agent lap splices development length/lap length large volumes of concrete one-way slabs elastic deflection abamurus grade bottom reinforcement grade beam exterior basement wall seismic zones top reinforcement dynamic amplification factor short-limb shear wall wall pier corrosion protection
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第四章 钢筋混凝土结构

Chapter 4

Reinforcement Concrete

防火 非承重墙 非结构构件 非摇摆柱 非饮用水 非预应力钢筋 分隔缝 扶壁柱 负弯矩 附着力 腹板 刚度折减系数 刚架 钢包核心混凝土 钢骨外包混凝土 钢筋混凝土 钢筋石膏混凝土 钢筋预应力松弛 钢筋直径 高跨比 高强钢筋 公差 公式 箍筋 箍筋抗震钩 骨料 固定 惯性矩 灌浆 灌浆管 灌浆料 光面钢筋 焊接 荷载面积 横截面 横向钢筋 后张拉

fire protection nonbearing wall nonstructural members nonsway column non-potable water non pre-stressed reinforcement isolation joint buttress negative moment adhesive attraction web stiffness reduction factor moment-resisting frames steel-encased concrete core reinforcement around structural steel core reinforced concrete reinforced gypsum concrete relaxation of tendon stress nominal diameter of bar depth-span ratio high-strength steel bar tolerance formulas stirrup seismic hook aggregate fixed moment of inertia grouting ducts for grouted materials for grout plain reinforcement welded splices loaded area cross section transverse reinforcement post-tension
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第四章 钢筋混凝土结构

Chapter 4

Reinforcement Concrete

混凝土结构 火山灰水泥 机械连接 机械锚固 基座 加气混凝土 剪力墙 简支板 简支梁 建筑物底部 胶粘剂 搅拌 节点 结构隔板 结构构件 结构桁架 截面 截面有效高度 净距 净跨 矩形梁 开洞 开裂,裂缝 开裂弯矩 抗侧体系 抗剪钢筋 抗剪键 抗拉强度 抗扭钢筋 抗压强度 空心楼板 跨度 跨中 快凝水泥 矿渣 拉力与剪力同时作用 拉裂强度

concrete structures slag cement mechanical connections mechanical anchorage pedestal aeroconcrete shear walls simply supported solid slabs simply supported beams footings of buildings adhesive mix joint structural diaphragm structural members structural trusses cross section effective depth of section clear spacing clear span rectangular beam opening crack cracking moment lateral force-resisting systems shear bar shear key tensile strength torsion reinforcement compressive strength hollow-core slab span length midspan accelerated cement slag tension and shear act simultaneously splitting tensile strength
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第四章 钢筋混凝土结构

Chapter 4

Reinforcement Concrete

拉应变 肋 冷底子油 冷弯 连续 连续板 连续钢筋 连续梁 梁、柱全长 梁高 梁箍筋 梁上部纵筋 梁下部纵筋 梁腰筋 梁柱节点 龄期 六倍钢筋直径 楼板 螺纹钢筋 锚固长度 面内荷载 模板 耐久性 耐酸碱水泥浆 耐酸碱水泥砂浆 配比 配筋率 膨胀水泥 强度 强度标准值 强度设计 强度折减系数 强节点 强柱弱梁 轻骨料 轻质混凝土 圈梁

tensile strain rib adhesive bitumen primer be bent cold continuous continuous slabs continuing bar continuous beams length over beam depth shear reinforcement negative moment reinforcement positive moment reinforcement side face reinforcement beam-to-column connections age six-bar-diameter slab deformed/spiral reinforcement embedment length in-plane force form durability acid and alkali-resistant grout acid and alkali-resistant mortar mix proportions reinforcement ratio expansive cement strength nominal strength strength design strength-reduction factor strong connection strong column/weak beam lightweight aggregate lightweight concrete collar tie beam/ring-beam
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第四章 钢筋混凝土结构

Chapter 4

Reinforcement Concrete

全截面 容许应力设计 设计荷载组合 深梁 升板施工 施工缝 收缩 受拉钢筋 受拉控制截面 受压钢筋 受压控制截面 双向板 水灰比 水泥 水泥浆 素混凝土 塑性铰区 体积比 添加剂 弯矩放大系数 弯起钢筋 无侧移框架 无梁楼盖 无收缩混凝土 细骨料 先张法 现浇混凝土 斜梁 斜向箍筋 徐变 悬臂梁 压弯构件 验收规范 养护 异形柱 异型柱-短肢剪力墙结构

gross section allowable stress design design load combinations deep beam lift-slab construction construction joints shrinkage/contraction tension reinforcement tension-controlled section compression reinforcement compression-controlled section two-way slab water-cement ratio hydraulic cement grout plain concrete plastic hinge region volumetric ratio addition agent moment magnification factor bent-up bar nonsway frame slab without beams. shrinkage-compensating concrete fine aggregate pretension cast-in-place concrete inclined beam inclined stirrup creep cantilever beam flexural and compression members acceptance specification cure special-shaped column short-limb shear wall structure with special-shaped columns

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第四章 钢筋混凝土结构

Chapter 4

Reinforcement Concrete

异型柱结构体系 异型柱框架-桁架结构 异型柱框架结构 翼板 翼墙 永久变形 有效截面 有效受压翼缘 有效预应力 预应力钢筋 预应力混凝土 预应力损失 预应力损失 预制混凝土 早强水泥 折减系数 蒸汽养护 正方形截面柱 正弯矩 支撑架 支柱 支座 支座沉降 支座反力 中和轴 中心轴 重量水灰比 轴拉 轴心压力 轴压 柱 柱箍筋 柱脚节点 总厚 纵筋 最小板厚

structural system with special-shaped columns frame-truss structure with special-shaped columns frame structure with special-shaped columns flange abutment wall/flange wall long-time deflection effective cross-sectional area effective compressive flange effective prestress pre-stressing tendons pre-stressed concrete loss of prestress prestress losses pre-cast concrete high-early-strength cement reduction factors steam curing equivalent rectangular column positive moment shore strut support settlement of supports support reaction neutral axis centroidal axis water-cement ratio by weight axial tension axial compressive load axial compression column spiral reinforcement column-to-footing connection overall thickness longitudinal reinforcement minimum slab thickness

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第五章 钢结构

Chapter 5 Steel Structure

第五章 钢结构

Chapter 5

Steel Structure

k 型腹杆体系桁架 v 形坡口冲击试验 Z 向钢材 安装 安装精度 安装图 凹陷 板的自由外伸宽度 半刚性连接 半自动焊 闭口截面 边距 变幅疲劳 变形 变形协调法,平截面假定 标记 薄柔截面 不等边角钢 不锈钢 不锈软钢板 部分坡口融透焊 残余应力 槽钢 槽焊 侧移 层间侧移 层状撕裂 长槽孔 长细比 常幅疲劳 超声波探伤 衬板,垫板 衬垫 成孔 承压连接

truss of k-web system Charpy V-notch impact test Z-direction steel erection accuracy of construction(fabrication) erection drawing pitted width or free outstand of plate/ semi-rigid connection semi-automatic welding closed section edge distance variable amplitude fatigue distortion/deformation strain compatibility method marking slender section unequal leg angles stainless steel stainless mild steel plate partial-joint-penetration (pjp) groove weld residual stress steel channel slot weld sway/ sidesway/ lateral movement interstorey lateral deflection/story drift lamellar tearing long-slotted holes slenderness ratio constant amplitude fatigue ultrasonic flaw detector backing plate packings forming bearing connection
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第五章 钢结构

Chapter 5 Steel Structure

承压强度 承压型高强螺栓 承重结构 尺寸和允许误差 冲击韧性 出厂指引 储存区 传力摩擦面 纯框架 磁性微粒检验 脆断 搭结节点 单系腹杆 单肢稳定 单轴对称截面 弹簧垫圈 弹簧垫圈的安装 等边角钢 等效弯矩系数 点焊 垫圈 吊车桁架 吊车梁 吊筋 调直 镀锌 镀锌螺帽 端面承压 端弯矩 短槽孔 短加劲肋 对头焊接 对准 二阶弹性分析 反弯点 反向曲率 方格网配筋砖砌体构件 防撞钢构架 非焊接结构

bearing stength high-strength bolts in bearing-type connections load-carrying structures dimensions and tolerances notch toughness manufacturer's recommendations holding areas frictional force transferring surfaces,slip plane pure frames magnetic particle examination brittle fracture overlap connection single system web members component stability monosymmetric section spring washers installation of spring washers equal leg angles factor of equivalent moment tack welding washers crane truss crane girder steel hanger straightening galvanize galvanized nuts end bearing end moment short-slotted holes short stiffeners butt welds alignment second order elastic analysis inflexion point reverse curvatures steel mesh reinforced brick masonry member steel frontal frame non-welded structures
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第五章 钢结构

Chapter 5 Steel Structure

非厚实截面 分层 附加检验 复合钢桩 腹板屈曲后强度 腹杆 刚性铺板 钢板 钢材(钢筋)屈服强度(屈服点) 钢材附加检验 钢材强度设计值 钢材状况 钢窗 钢带 钢管 钢管结构 钢管桩 钢桁梁 钢绞线 钢结构 钢结构塑性设计 钢筋/钢条 钢筋及混凝土材料 钢筋可焊性 钢筋网 钢缆 钢梁整体稳定系数 钢丝 钢丝护网 钢丝绳 钢丝刷 钢丝网/金属丝网 钢丝网栏 钢条特质 钢纤维混凝土结构 钢压弯构件等效弯矩系数 钢支座 钢制件工场

noncompact section laminations additional tests steel composite pile post-buckling strength of web plate web member rigid decking,rigid slab steel plate yield strength (yield point) of steel additional tests on steels design value of strength of steel condition of steel steel window steel strip steel pipe/tube steel tubular structure steel pipe pile steel truss girder steel strand steel structure plastic design of steel structure steel reinforcement steel reinforcement and concrete material weldability of steel bar steel fabric steel cable overall stability reduction coefficient of steel beam· steel wire wire guard wire rope wire brush wire mesh wire mesh fence steel property steel fiber reinforced concrete structure· coefficient of equivalent bending moment of eccentrically loaded steel member(beam-column) steel support steel fabricating yard

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第五章 钢结构

Chapter 5 Steel Structure

钢柱分肢 钢柱脚 钢桩 高强度低合金钢 高强度螺栓的有效截面积 高强螺栓连接副 高强摩擦连接的构件表面 格构式钢柱 工作温度 过度变形 焊缝 焊缝连接 焊缝质量级别 焊根 焊工 焊剂 焊接材料 焊接钢管 焊接钢结构 焊接钢梁 焊接工艺评定 焊接骨架 焊接检验次数 焊接检验方法 焊接裂纹 焊接缺陷 焊丝 焊条 焊趾 焊渍清除 横向荷载 横向加劲肋 厚度方向性能 厚实截面 滑动系数 换算长细比 回转半径 机械性能 极回转半径

steel column component steel column-base steel pile high strength low-alloy structural steels effective cross-section area of high-strength bolt· high strength friction grip fasteners faying surfaces for hsfg fasteners laced of battened compression member working temperature excessive deformation weld/welding welding connection· quality grade of weld weld roof welders welding flux welding consumable welded steel pipe welded steel structure welded steel beam/ girder evaluation of welding techniques welded framework frequency of weld examination scope of weld examination weld crack weld defects welding wire welding rod weld toe removal of slag transverse load transverse stiffeners through thickness properties compact section slip factor equivalent slenderness ratio radius of gyration mechanical properties polar radius of gyration
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第五章 钢结构

Chapter 5 Steel Structure

计算长度,有效长度 计算长度系数 加劲板 假想水平力 间接动力荷载 间隙 间隙节点 剪切边 剪切面 剪切失稳 剪切中心,剪心 检验证书 交叉斜杆 角焊缝 角焊缝焊脚尺寸 角焊缝有效厚度 阶型柱 接缝 节点板 节点锻造钢构件 节点偏心 节点区 节间长度 结构连接构件 结构重要性系数 截面塑性发展系数 局部稳定 局部压应力 开口截面 抗滑移系数 抗扭惯性矩 可动连接 空心截面型钢成孔 扩大孔 拉结钢筋 冷弯型钢构件 梁柱刚性连接 临时附件 硫磷含量

effective length effective length factor stiffeners notional horizontal forces indirect dynamic loading gap gapped connection sheared edge shear planes shear buckling shear centre test certificates cross diagonals fillet welds leg size of fillet welds effective thickness of fillet welds stepped columns sealing welds gusset plate forged steel connection node pieces joint eccentricity panel zone the panel length structural fasteners the importance factor of structures plastic adoption coefficient of cross—section local stability local compressive stress open section slip coefficient torsional moment of inertia /torsion constant movement connections holes in hollow sections oversized holes steel tie cold-formed steel structural member a rigid beam-to-column connection temporary attachments sulfur and phosphorus contents.
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第五章 钢结构

Chapter 5 Steel Structure

六角头螺栓 戮印标记 螺帽防松 螺栓 螺栓连接 螺栓连接质量检验 螺栓拧紧 螺栓状态 螺栓组合 螺纹 锚栓 铆钉连接质量检验 面层 面积矩 摩擦面 摩擦型高强螺栓 磨砂 耐侯钢 扭剪型螺栓 扭转 扭转屈曲计算长度 扭转失稳 刨平顶紧 喷金属膜 疲劳破坏 拼接,拼接接头 平板型网架 平面内稳定 平面外稳定 坡口焊 普通螺栓与螺帽 起拱 起弧点 砌体拉结钢筋 欠载效应 强支撑纯框架 强轴 翘曲 撬力作用

hexagon head bolts hard-stamping locking of nuts bolting bolted connections quality inspection of bolted connection bolt tightening condition of bolts make-up of bolt assemblies thread holding down bolts/anchor bolts quality inspection of riveted connection finish/surface layer static moment friction surfaces high-strength bolts in slip-critical connections blast-clean weathering steel/atmospheric corrosion resisting steel torshear type bolts twisting,torsion effective length for torsional bucking torsional buckling planed and closely fitted metal-spray fatigue failure splices plate-like space truss in-plane stability out-of-plane stability groove weld ordinary bolts and nuts camber toe of fillet steel tie bar for masonry underloading effect frame braced with strong bracing system strong axis,major axis warping prying action
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第五章 钢结构

Chapter 5 Steel Structure

切割 轻级工作制吊车 球形钢支座 屈服强度 屈强比 全自动或半自动方式 缺陷可接受准则 热处理 热切割 热轧型钢、钢板和钢条 人工焊 容许长细比 容许应力幅 容许应力幅法 弱支撑纯框架 弱轴 塞焊 扇性惯性矩 上翼缘 伸长率 实腹式构件 试焊 手工式火焰切割法 受弯构件整体稳定系数 竖向准确度 (挠曲矢高) 栓钉 双阶柱 双轴对称截面 塑性发展系数 塑性损毁/塑性破坏 酸洗 碳含量 碳素结构钢 填板 通用高厚比 同向曲率 凸缘 涂层 外观检查

cutting light duty cranes spherical steel bearing yield strength strength-yielding ratio automatic or semi-automatic process defect acceptance criteria heating thermal cutting hot rolled sections/ plates and bars manual welding allowable slenderness ratio allowable stress range the allowable stress range method frame braced with weak bracing system weak axis/minor axis plug weld sectorial moment of inertia /warping constant upper flange percentage of elongation,percent elongation solid web members trial welding hand flame cutting overall stability factor for flexural members straightness shear studs double-stepped column doubly symmetric section plasticity adaptation factor plastic failure acid-pickle carbon content carbon structural steels fillers normalized web slenderness single curvature flange cladding visual inspection
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第五章 钢结构

Chapter 5 Steel Structure

外径 弯矩-转角特性曲线 弯扭屈曲 弯曲失稳 弯曲试验 完全坡口融透焊 稳定计算 稳定性计算公式 无缝钢管 无破损检验 无支撑长度 无支撑纯框架 无支承宽度 细部图 狭长槽形孔 下翼缘 弦杆 现场焊接 现场接头 线刚度 线膨胀系数 橡胶支座 斜加劲肋 斜平面 械式火焰切割法 锈蚀 虚轴 压弯构件 眼杆 焰切边 氧化皮表面 摇摆柱 一阶弹性分析 应力幅 应力扩散角 应力循环次数 有效宽度 有效宽度系数 预拉力

outside diameter the moment-rotation characteristic curve flexural-torsional buckling flexural buckling bend test complete-joint-penetration (CJP) groove weld stability calculation stability formula seamless steel pipe non-destructive examination unsupported length/unbraced length unbraced frame unsupported width shop drawing slotted holes lower flange chord member field /site welding field connection linear stiffness coefficient of linear expansion couposite rubber and steel support diagonal stiffeners skew plane machine flame cutting rusted open web axis beam-columns eyebar flame-cut edge mill-scale leaning column/sway column first order elastic analysis stress range angle of stress dispersal number of stress cycles effective width effective width factor pretension
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第五章 钢结构

Chapter 5 Steel Structure

预留孔 允许误差 再分式腹杆体系桁架 整体稳定 支撑/支柱/压杆 支撑力 支承加劲肋 支管 支管搭结率 直接动力荷载 制动梁 致密性检验 中级工作制吊车 重级工作制吊车 轴心受压构件稳定系数 主管 主平面 柱腹板节点域 铸钢 缀板 缀板柱 缀材(缀件) 缀条 缀条柱 自动焊 纵向加劲肋 最小抗拉强度

weep holes tolerance truss of subdivided web system overall stability strut nodal bracing force bearing stiffener branch member overlap ratio of bracing members direct dynamic loading/ surge girder penetrant examination medium duty cranes heavy duty cranes stability factor of axially loaded compression members main member principal planes panel zone of column web cast steel battens,batten plate battened members lacing and batten elements lacing laced members automatic welding longitudinal stiffeners specified minimum tensile strength

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第六章 组合结构

Chapter 6 Composite Structure

第六章 组合结构

Chapter 6

Composite Structure

m-k 法 板肋垂直于钢梁 板肋平行于钢梁 闭口型压型钢板 部分剪切粘结法 部分抗剪连接组合梁 采用巨型柱的矩形框架体系 槽钢连接件 带钢板组合剪力墙 点焊 防火等级 非组合梁

m-k method deck ribs oriented perpendicular to steel beam deck ribs oriented parallel to steel beam closed trough profiled steel deck partial shear connection method composite beams with partial shear action mega frames with super columns channel shear connectors composite shear walls with steel plates arc-spot(puddle) welds fire rating noncomposite beam

钢(组合) 框架-混凝土核芯筒体 shear wall- frame interacting system 系 钢板涂层 钢管局部失稳 钢管柱 钢混组合结构 钢梁起拱 钢与混凝土介面上的粘结力 管内混凝土 滑移效应 换算截面法 混凝土板托 混凝土的工作承担系数 混凝土湿重 混凝土硬化 加腋组合梁 剪力粘结件 剪切栓钉 剪切粘结强度 剪切锥 矩形钢管混凝土构件 deck coating local buckling of steel tube concrete-filled composite pipe column composite steel and concrete structures beam camber bond strength between concrete and steel interface concrete filled in the tube interface slip effect transformed area method concrete haunch percentage of load-carrying capacity shared by concrete wet weight of concrete concrete topping composite haunch beams shear connectors shear studs shear bond strength shear cone concrete-filled rectangular steel tube member
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第六章 组合结构

Chapter 6 Composite Structure

矩形钢管混凝土结构 矩形加腋组合梁 开口型压型钢板 开裂抗弯刚度 空腹桁架 肋顶 肋高 连续组合梁 楼板伸出长度 楼板振动 模板工程 平均肋宽 切割梁 施工堆积荷载 施工支撑 竖向混合体系 栓钉抗剪承载力折减系数 完全剪切连接组合梁 未开裂抗弯刚度 型钢混凝土组合结构 型钢梁 型钢柱 压型钢板 压型钢板高度 压型钢板-混凝土组合板 压型钢板基板厚度 压型钢板锚固 压型钢板上的凸起 压型钢板最大无支撑跨距 翼板有效宽度 圆柱头栓钉 折减刚度 纵向剪切粘结承载力 组合板防火钢筋 组合板抗裂钢筋 组合板温度筋 组合承重体系

structure with concrete-filled rectangular steel tube member composite beams with rectangular haunch open trough profiled steel deck cracked flexural stiffness vierendeel truss rib top rib height continuous composite beams overhang length of slabs floor vibrations form work average rib width notch beam construction storage load construction shoring; temporary propping vertically mixed systems reduction factor for shear strength of shear studs composite beams with full shear action un-cracked flexural stiffness steel reinforced concrete composite structures fully encased steel beams ;concrete-encased beams concrete-encased composite columns profiled steel deck; formed metal deck depth of steel deck composite slabs/diaphragms base metal thickness(bmt) deck anchorage embossments formed in the profile steel deck maximum span of unshored(unpropped) steel deck effective width of flange slabs headed studs reduced stiffness longitudinal shear strength fire reinforcement of composite slabs negative reinforcement for crack control of composite slabs shrinkage and temperature mesh of composite slabs composite gravity systems
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第六章 组合结构

Chapter 6 Composite Structure

组合短柁大梁 组合构件 组合桁架 组合剪力墙 组合剪力墙体系 组合节点 组合结构 组合框架 组合梁 组合楼盖体系 组合斜撑 组合作用

composite stub beams composite member composite trusses composite shear walls composite shear walls system composite joint composite structures composite frame composite beams composite floor systems composite diagonals composite actions ;composite behavior

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第七章 砌体结构

Chapter 7 Masonry Structure

第七章 砌体结构

Chapter 7

Masonry Structure

暗槽 壁柱 材料分项系数 长细比 承重墙 带壁柱墙 单层砖墙厚 挡土墙 底层接缝、平缝 顶砖 端灰缝 防火 隔热 隔声 过梁 荷载分项系数 横墙 缓凝剂 灰缝 挤缝砌筑砌筑 阶梯型砌接 局部承压强度 抗剪强度特征值 抗弯强度特征值 抗压强度特征值 空心块材砌体 空心砌块 空心墙 毛石、块石 毛石砌体 摩擦系数 配筋砌体 砌块砌体

chase pier partial safety factors for material strength slenderness ratio Load bearing walls fin wall Wythe retaining wall bed joint header head joint resistance to fire thermal insulation sound insulation lintel partial safety factors for loads transverse wall retarder mortar joint shoved mortar joint racking local design strength characteristic shear strength characteristic flexural strength characteristic compressive strength hollow unit masonry hollow and cellular blocks cavity wall rubble random rubble masonry coefficient of friction reinforced masonry block masonry

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第七章 砌体结构

Chapter 7 Masonry Structure

砌筑速率 砌砖 圈梁、结合梁 乳胶液,乳胶 砂浆平缝 山墙、三角墙 伸缩缝 石膏 试验性的 饰面 竖向通缝砌筑 顺砌块材 铁丝织网 外壁(空心块材) 无配筋砌体 压力线 页岩、泥板岩 有效高度或长度 有效厚度 粘土砖 砖坯、土砖 砖砌体 琢石、方石堆

rate of laying brickwork bond beam emulsion mortar bed glable expansion joint gypsum cut-and-try veneer stack bond stretcher unit chicken-wire face shell unreinforced masonry line of thrust shale effective height or length effective thickness unburned clay masonry adobe brick masonry ashlar

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第八章 其它

Chapter 8 Others

第八章 其它

Chapter 8

Others

草图 初步设计 电气工程师 方案设计 放样图 建筑师 结构工程师 抗弯框架 框架剪力墙结构 框筒结构 立面 模型 平板-剪力墙 平板-柱 平面 剖面 设备工程师 升板结构 施工图设计 施工招标 束筒结构 说明 透视图 土方工程 外部斜撑筒 详图 业主 造价估算 招标图

preliminary sketches/ sketches preliminary design electrical engineer scheme design shop drawing architect structural engineer rigid frame shear wall-frame structure frame tube structures elevations models flat slab and shear walls flat slab and columns plans sections mechanical engineer lift-slab structure construction design construction bid bundled tube specification perspective drawing cut-and-fill work exterior diagonal tube details owner cost estimate tender drawing

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