常用词 1. Very+adj--- more than + adj 2. Because of --- due to/ owing to 3. Different--- varied/ diverse (be different- vary) 4. Work hard--- spare no effort/ strive 5. Cause--- lead to/ result in/ contribute to 6. Certainly--- be destined to/ be doomed to 7. Finally--- end up 8. Important--- essential/ significant/ crucial/vital/ of great importance/ play a significant role 9. Good--- beneficial/ decent 10.Bad--- harmful/ detrimental
形容词： 1. 贫穷的：poor = needy = impoverished = poverty-stricken 2. 富裕的：rich = wealthy = affluent = well-to-do = well-off 3. 优秀的：excellent = eminent = top = outstanding 4. 积极的，好的：good = conducive = beneficial=advantageous 5. 消极的，不良的：bad = detrimental= baneful =undesirable 6. 明显的：obvious = apparent = evident =manifest 7. 健康的: healthy = robust = sound = wholesome 8. 惊人的：surprising = amazing = extraordinary = miraculous
9. 美丽的：beautiful = attractive = gorgeous = eye-catching 10. 有活力的：energetic = dynamic = vigorous =animated 11. 流行的： popular = prevailing = prevalent= pervasive
★ 动词： 1. 提高，加强：improve = enhance= promote = strengthen = optimize 2. 解决：solve =resolve =address = tackle =cope with = deal with 3. 拆除：destroy = tear down = knock down = eradicate 4. 培养: develop = cultivate = foster = nurture 5. 激发，鼓励：encourage = motivate = stimulate = spur 6. 认为： think = assert= hold = claim = argue 7. 完成：complete = fulfill = accomplish= achieve 8. 保留：keep = preserve = retain = hold 9. 有害于：destroy = impair = undermine = jeopardize 10. 减轻: ease = alleviate = relieve = lighten
★ 名词： 1. 影响：influence= impact=effect 2. 危险：dangerous = perils =hazardous 3. 污染：pollution = contamination4. 人类：human beings= mankind = humane race 5. 老人： old people= the old = the elderly = the aged = senior citizens
6. 幸福：happiness = cheerfulness = well-being 7. 老师：teachers = instructors = educators = lecturers 8. 教育：education = schooling = family parenting = upbringing 9. 青少年：young people = youngsters = youths = adolescents=juvenile=teenagers 10. 优点：advantage = merits = superiority = virtue 11. 责任： responsibility = obligation = duty = liability 12. 能力： ability = capacity = power = skill=capability=competence=faculty 13. 职业： job = career = employment = profession=occupation 14. 娱乐：enjoyment = pastimes = recreation= entertainment=amusement 15. 孩子： children = offspring = descendant= kid(oral) ★ 短语：
1. 充满了：be filled with = be awash with = be inundate with = be saturated with 2. 努力：struggle for = aspire after = strive for = spare no efforts for 3. 从事： embark in = take up = set about = go in for 4. 在当代: in contemporary society = in present-day society= in this day and age=nowadays=in the recent days 5. 大量的: a host of = a multitude of = a vast number of = a vast amount of
1.individuals,characters, folks 代替(people ,persons)
2.positive, favorable, rosy(美好的)，promising(有希望的)，perfect, pleasurable , excellent, outstanding 代替 good
3.dreadful, unfavorable, poor, adverse(有害的)代替 bad 如果 bad 做表语，可以有 be less impressive 代替
4.(an army of, an ocean of, a sea of, a multitude of ,many, if not most)代替 many. 注：用 many, if not most 一定要小心，many 后一定要有词。 Eg. Many individuals, if not most, harbor the idea that….同理 用 most, if not all ,代替 most.
5.a slice of, quite a few , several 代替 some
6. harbor the idea that, take the attitude that; hold the view that, it is widely shared that,
it is universally acknowledged that)替 think(因为是书面语， 所以要 加 that)
7.affair ,business ,matter 代替 thing
8.shared 代 common
9.reap huge fruits 代替 get much benefit
10.for my part ,from my own perspective, as far as I am concerned, from my viewpoint 代替 in my opinion
11.Increasing(ly),growing 代替 more and more( 注意没有 growingly 这种形式。所以当修饰名词时用 increasing/growing.修饰形 容词，副词用 increasingly.
12.little if anything, 或 little or nothing 代替 hardly
13.benefitial rewarding 代替 helpful; be beneficial of
14.shopper,client,consumer,purchaser, 代替 customer
15.exceedingly,extremely 代替 very
16.hardly unnecessary, hardly inevitable ... 代替 necessary, inevitable, indispensable
17.sth appeals to sb, sth exerts a tremendous fascination on sb 代替 sb take interest in
18.capture one's attention 代替 attract one's attention.
19.facet,demension,sphere 代 aspect
20.be indicative of ,be suggestive of, be fearful of 代 indicate, suggest, fear
21.give rise to, lead to, result in, trigger 代替 cause.
22.There are several reasons behind sth 代替..reasons for sth
23.desire 代替 want.
24.pour attention into 代替 pay attention to
25.bear in mind that 代替 remember
26.enjoy, possess 代替 have(注意 process 是过程的意思)
27.interaction 代替 communication
28.frown on sth 代替 be against, disagree with sth
29.to name only a few, as an example 代替 for example
30.next to/virtually impossible,代替 nearly impossible