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甘肃省兰州一中2015届高三上学期期中考试英语试题含解析


【名师解析】甘肃省兰州一中 2015 届高三上学期期中考试英语试题

【试卷综评】本试卷以阅读理解选材具有时代性,紧密联系生活实际,选项设 计灵活合理, 注重考查学生的阅读理解能力。完形填空和语法填空考查学生的基 础知识应用能力。书面表达联系实际以高考英语听力是否取消的讨论作为话题, 考查学生的英语实际运用能力。总之,本次学情调查难度适中,是一份质量较高 的试卷。
本试卷分第 I 卷(选择题)和第 II 卷(非选择题)两部分。考试结束后,将本试卷和答案卡 一并交回。 注意事项: 1.答第 I 卷前考生务必将自己的姓名、准考证号填写在答题卡上。 2.选出每小题答案前,用 2B 铅笔把答题卡上对应题目的答案标号涂黑。如需改动, 用 橡皮擦干净后, 再选涂其他答案标号框, 不能答在本试卷上,否则无效。 第一部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分 40 分) 第一节 (共 15 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下列列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中, 选出最佳选项。并在答题 卡上将该选项涂黑. 【题文】A Do you want to get home from work knowing you have made a real difference in someone’s life? If yes, don’t care about sex or age! Come and join us, then you’ll make it! Position Volunteer Social Care Assistant (No Pay with Free Meals) Place Manchester Hours Part Time We are now looking for volunteers to support people with learning disabilities to live active lives! Only 4 days left. Don’t miss the chance of lending your warm hands to help others! Role You will provide people with learning disabilities with all aspects of their daily lives. You will help them to develop new skills. You will help them to protect their rights and their safety. But your primary concern is to let them know they are valued. Skills and Experience Required You will have the right values and great listening skills. You will be honest and patient. You will have the ability to drive a car and to communicate in fluent written and spoken English since you’ll have to help those people with different learning disabilities. Previous care-related experience will be a great advantage for you. 1. The text is meant to ________. A. leave a note B. send an invitation C. carry an advertisement D. present a document 2. What does the underlined part mean? A. You’ll arrive home just in time from this job. B. You’ll make others’ lives more meaningful with this job. C. You’ll earn a good salary from this job.

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D. You’ll succeed in getting this job. 3. The volunteers’ primary responsibility is to help people with learning disabilities ________. A. to get some financial support B. to properly protect themselves C. to realize their own importance D. to learn some new living skills 4. Which of the following can first be chosen as a volunteer? A. The one who has done similar work before. B. The one who can drive a car. C. The one who has patience to listen to others. D. The one who can use English to communicate. 【答案】 【知识点】C4 广告应用类 【文章综述】本文主要介绍了一则招聘志愿者的广告,主要是为残疾人服务。 【答案解析】 1. C。解析:总结题,通读全文可知,文章主要介绍的是一篇广告,故选 C。 2. B。解析:细节题,根据下文的 to support people with learning disabilities to live active lives 可知选 B。 3. C。 解析: 细节题。 根据 Role 部分的 your primary concern is to let them know they are valued. 可知选 C。 4. A。解析:细节题。根据最后一段最后一句话 Previous care-related experience will be a great advantage for you 可知选 A。 【题文】B Wealth starts with a goal saving a dollar at a time. Call it the piggy bank strategy(策略). There are lessons in that time-honored coin-saving container. Any huge task seems easier when reduced to baby steps. I f you wished to climb a 12,000-foot mountain, and could do it a day at a time, you would only have to climb 33 feet daily to reach the top in a year. If you want to take a really nice trip in 10 years for a special occasion, to collect the $15,000 cost, you have to save $3.93 a day. If you drop that into a piggy bank and then once a year put $1,434 in a savings account at 1% interest rate after-tax, you will have your trip money. When I was a child, my parents gave me a piggy bank to teach me that, if I wanted something, I should save money to buy it. We associate piggy banks with children, but in many countries, the little containers are also popular with adults. Europeans see a piggy bank as a sign of good fortune and wealth. Around the world, many believe a gift of a piggy bank on New Year’s Day brings good luck and financial success. Ah, but you have to put something in it. Why is a pig used as a symbol of saving? Why not an elephant bank, which is bigger and holds more coins? In the Middle Ages, before modern banking and credit instruments, people saved money at home, a few coins at a time dropped into a jar or dish. Potters(制陶工) made these inexpensive containers from an orange-colored clay(黏土) called “pygg,” and folks saved coins in pygg jars.The Middle English word for pig was “pigge”. While the Saxons pronounced pygg, referring to the clay, as “pug”, eventually the two words changed into the same pronunciation, sounding the “i” as in pig or piggy. As the word became less associated with the orange clay and more with the animal, a clever potter fashioned a pygg jar in the shape of a pig, delighting children and adults. The piggy bank was born.
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Originally you had to break the bank to get to the money, bringing in a sense of seriousness into savings. While piggy banks teach children the wisdom of saving, adults often need to relearn childhood lessons. Think about the things in life that require large amounts of money--- college education, weddings, cars, medical care, starting a business, buying a home, and fun stuff like great trips. So when you have money, take off the top 10%, put it aside, save and invest wisely. 5. What is the piggy bank strategy? A. Paying 1% income tax at a time. B. Setting a goal before making a travel plan. C. Putting aside a little money regularly for future use. D. Aiming high even when doing small things. 6. Why did the writer’s parents give him a piggy bank as a gift? A. To delight him with the latest fashion. B. To encourage him to climb mountains. C. To teach him English pronunciation. D. To help him form the habit of saving. 7. The piggy bank originally was ________. A. a cheap clay container B. a potter’s instrument C. an animal-shaped dish D. a pig-like toy for children 8. The last paragraph talks about ________. A. the seriousness of educating children B. the enjoyment of taking a great trip C. the difficulty of starting a business D. the importance of managing money 【答案】 【知识点】C7 社会生活类 【文章综述】本文主要介绍了由储蓄罐演变成了储蓄银行,主要介绍人们应平时储蓄小钱, 以备将不时之需。 【答案解析】 5.C。解析:细节题,根据第二段的 If you drop that into a piggy bank and then once a year put $1,434 in a savings account at 1% interest rate after-tax, you will have your trip money 可知该储 蓄银行就是为了现在储蓄将挣钱。故选 C。 6. D。 解析: 细节题, 根据第三段的 When I was a child, my parents gave me a piggy bank to teach me that, if I wanted something, I should save money to buy it 可知选 D。 7. A。 解析: 细节题。 根据第四段的 Potters(制陶工) made these inexpensive containers from an orange-colored clay(黏土) called “pygg,” and folks saved coins in pygg jars.The Middle English word for pig was “pigge”.可知选 A。 8. D。解析:细节题。根据最后一段最后一句话 So when you have money, take off the top 10%, put it aside, save and invest wisely 可知选 D。 【题文】C The behaviour of a building’s users may be at least as important as its design when it comes to energy use, according to new research from the UK Energy Research Centre (UKERC). The UK promises to reduce its carbon emissions (排放)by 80 percent by 2050, part of which will be achieved by all new homes being zero-carbon by 2016. But this report shows that sustainable building design on its own — though extremely important- is not enough to achieve such reductions the behaviour of the people using the building has to change too. The study suggests that the ways that people use and live in their homes have been largely ignored by existing efforts to improve energy efficiency (效率),which instead focus on architectural and technological developments. ‘Technology is going to assist but it is not going to do everything,’explains Katy Janda, a UKERC
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senior researcher, ‘consumption patterns of building users can defeat the most careful design. ’In other words,old habits die hard, even in the best-designed eco-home. Another part of the problem is information. Households and bill-payers don’t have the knowledge they need to change their energy-use habits. Without specific information, it’s hard to estimate the costs and benefits of making different choices. Feedback (反馈) facilities, like smart meters and energy monitors,could help bridge this information gap by helping people see how changing their behaviour directly affects their energy use; some studies have shown that households can achieve up to 15 percent energy savings using smart meters. Social science research has added a further dimension (方面) ,suggesting that individuals’ behaviour in the home can be personal and cannot be predicted — whether people throw open their windows rather than turn down the thermostat (恒温器) , for example. Janda argues that education is the key. She calls for a focused programme to teach people about buildings and their own behaviour in them. 9. As to energy use, the new research from UKERC stresses the importance of________. A. the behaviour of building users B. zero-carbon homes C. sustainable building design D. the reduction of carbon emissions 10. What are Katy Janda’s words mainly about? A. The necessity of making a careful building design. B. The importance of changing building users’ habits. C. The variety of consumption patterns of building users. D. The role of technology in improving energy efficiency. 11. The information gap in energy use _______. A. affects the study on energy monitors B. can be bridged by feedback facilities C. brings about problems for smart meters D. will be caused by building users’ old habits 12. What does the dimension added by social science research suggest? A. The social science research is to be furthered. B. The education programme is under discussion. C. The behaviour preference of building users is similar. D. The behaviour of building users is unpredictable. 【答案】 【知识点】C7 社会生活类 【文章综述】本文主要介绍了建筑使用者的行为习惯和建筑设计一样重要。 【答案解析】 9.A。解析:细节题,根据第一段的 The behaviour of a building’s users may be at least as important as its design when it comes to energy use, according to new research from the UK Energy Research Centre (UKERC)可知 UKERC 的研究强调建筑使用者的行为。故选 A。 10. B。解析:细节题,根据第三段的 old habits die hard, even in the best-designed eco-home 可知积习难改,旧习惯可能会毁掉最好的建筑设计,故选 B。 11. B。解析:细节题。根据第四段的 Feedback (反馈) facilities, like smart meters and energy monitors,could help bridge this information gap by helping people see how changing their behaviour directly affects their energy use; some studies have shown that households can achieve up to 15 percent energy savings using smart meters 可知选 B。 12. D。解析:细节题。根据第五段??suggesting that individuals’ behaviour in the home can
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be personal and cannot be predicted 可知选 D。 【题文】D The kids in this village wear dirty, ragged clothes. They sleep beside cows and sheep in huts made of sticks and mud. They have no school. Yet they all can chant the English alphabet, and some can make words. The key to their success 20 tablet computers(平板电脑) dropped off in their Ethiopian village in February by a U.S. group called One Laptop Per Child. The goal is to find out whether kids using today’s new technology can teach themselves to read in places where no schools or teachers exist. The Massachusetts Institute of Technology researchers analyzing the project data say they’re already amazed. “What I think has already happened is that the kids have already learned more than they would have in one year of kindergarten,” said Matt Keller, who runs the Ethiopia program. The fastest learner—and the first to turn on one of the tablets—is 8-year-old Kelbesa Negusse. The device’s camera was disabled to save memory, yet within weeks Kelbesa had figured out its workings and made the camera work. He called himself a lion, a marker of accomplishment in Ethiopia. With his tablet, Kelbasa rearranged the letters HSROE into one of the many English animal names he knows. Then he spelled words on his own. “Seven months ago he didn’t know any English. That’s unbelievable,” said Keller. The project aims to get kids to a stage called “deep reading,” where they can read to learn. It won’t be in Amharic, Ethiopia’s first language, but in English, which is widely seen as the ticket to higher paying jobs. 13. How does the Ethiopia program benefit the kids in the village? A. It contributes to their self-study. B. It trains teachers for them. C. It helps raise their living standards. D. It provides funds for building schools. 14. It amazed Keller that with the tablet Kelbesa could _______. A. draw pictures of animals. B. learn English words quickly. C. write letters to researchers. D. make phone calls to his friends. 15. What is the aim of the project? A. To offer Ethiopians higher paying jobs. B. To make Amharic widely used in the world. C. To assist Ethiopians in learning their first language. D. To help Ethiopian kids read to learn in English. 【答案】 【知识点】C5 文化教育类 【文章综述】本文主要介绍了由储蓄罐演变成了储蓄银行,主要介绍人们应平时储蓄小钱, 以备将不时之需。 【答案解析】 13.A。解析:细节题,根据第二段的 The goal is to find out whether kids using today’s new technology can teach themselves to read in places where no schools or teachers exist.可知该项 目是帮助孩子学会自学。故选 A。 14. B。解析:细节题,根据第三段的 What I think has already happened is that the kids have already learned more than they would have in one year of kindergarten 可知选 B。 15. D。解析:总结题。根据最后一段的 The project aims to get kids to a stage called “deep reading,” where they can read to learn. It won’t be in Amharic, Ethiopia’s first language, but
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in English 可知选 D。 第二节(共 5 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 10 分) 【题文】根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为 多余选项。 Evaluating (评价) Sources of health Information Making good choices about your own health requires reasonable evaluation. A key first step in bettering your evaluation ability is to look carefully at your sources of healthy information. Reasonable evaluation includes knowing where and how to fins relevant information, how to separate fact from opinions, how to recognize poor reasoning, and how to analyze information and the reliability of sources. 16 Go to the original source. Media reports often simplify the results of medical research. Find out for yourself what a study really reported, and determine whether it was based on good science. Think about the type of study. 17 Watch for misleading language. Some studies will find that a behaviour “contributes to” or is “associated with” an outcome; this does not mean that a certain course must lead to a certain result. 18 Carefully read or listen to information in order to fully understand it. Use your common sense. If a report seems too good to be true, probably it is. Be especially careful of information contained in advertisements. 19 Evaluate “scientific” statements carefully, and be aware of quackery(江湖骗术). 20 Friends and family members can be a great source of ideas and inspiration, but each of us needs to find a healthy lifestyle that works for us. Developing the ability to evaluate reasonably and independently about the health problems will serve you well throughout your life. A. The goal of an ad is to sell you something. B. Make choices that are right for you. C. And examine the findings of the original research. D. Be sure to work through the critical questions. E. Distinguish between research reports and public health advice. F. The following suggestions can help you sort through the health information you receive from common sources. G. Be aware that information may also be incorrectly explained by an author’s point of view. 【答案】 【知识点】J1 阅读填空(七选五) (宁夏、海南、辽宁及课标全国卷地区) 【文章综述】本题型要把握关键信息词。把两部分关键信息词对比,然后确定答案。 【答案解析】 16.选 F, 根据下面及段中的第一句 Go to the original source. 和 Watch for misleading language. 和 Use your common sense.可知这些都是一些评估健康信息的建议。 故 F 项符合上下文串联。 17.选 C,本段表示要找到信息最初的。要自己去找到原真正报道的内容,要确认是通过很严 肃的方法得到的确定的信息。故 C 项符合上下文串联。 18.选 G,本段的标题是:注意误导性的语言。有些研究发现某些行为与某种结果有关。那 么作为读者我们要知道有些信息也许是错误的解释了,所以我们要细心阅读以求充分理解。 故 G 项符合语境。 19.选 A,根据前面一句 Be especially careful of information contained in advertisements.可知要 我们特别注意广告里包含的信息, 因为广告里的信息是为了向我们出售一些内容, 所以广告 的信息很可能是不准确的。所以要当心江湖骗术。故 A 项符合语境。 20.选 B,根据下面两句可知朋友和家人可能是激励信息的主要,但是每个人都要找到一个
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起作用的健康的生活方式。也就是说要为自己选择合适的信息。故 B 正确。 第二部分 英语知识运用(共两节,满分 45 分) 第一节 完形填空(共 20 小题;每题 1. 5 分,满分 30 分) 【题文】阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A, B, C 和 D)中,选出可以填 入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 I had worried myself sick over Simon’s mother coming to see me. I was a new 21 , and I gave an honest account of the students’ work. In Simon’s case, the grades were awfully low. He couldn’t read his own handwriting. 22 he was a bright student. He discussed adult subjects with nearly adult comprehension. His work in no way reflected his 23 . So when Simon’s mother entered the room, my palms(手掌心) were sweating. I was completely 24 for her kisses on both my cheeks. “I came to thank you,” she said, surprising me beyond speech. 25 me, Simon had become a different person. He talked of how he 26 me, he had began to make friends, and for the first time in his twelve years, he had 27 spent an afternoon at a friend’s house. She wanted to tell me how grateful she was for the 28 I had nurtured(培养) in her son. She kissed me again and left. I sat, stunned (惊呆), for about half an hour, 29 what had just happened. How did I make such a life-changing difference to that boy without 30 knowing it? What I finally came to 31 was one day, several months before, when some students were 32 reports in the front of the class, Jeanne spoke 33 , and to encourage her to raise her voice, L had said, “Speak up. Simon’s the expert on this. He is the 34 one you have to convince, and he can’t hear you in the 35 of the room.” That was it. From that day on, Simon had sat up straighter, paid more attention, 36 more, and became happy. And it was all because he 37 to be the last kid in the last row. The boy who most needed 38 was the one who took the last seat that day. It taught me the most 39 lesson over the years of my teaching career, and I’m thankful that it came 40 and positively. A small kindness can indeed make a difference. 21. A. cleaner B. reporter C. teacher D. monitor 22. A. Or B. And C. So D. But 23. A. abilities B. courage C. feelings D. dream 24. A. desperate B. responsible C. unsuitable D. unprepared 25. A. In spite of B. Because of C. Apart from D. As for 26. A. envied B. loved C. pleased D. criticized 27. A. gradually B. constantly C. obviously D. recently 28. A. self-doubt B. self-respect C. self-pity D. self-defence 29. A. imagining B. observing C. regretting D. wondering 30. A. even B. also C. always D. still 31. A. remember B. expect C. believe D. accept 32. A. writing B. reviewing C. giving D. editing 33. A. repeatedly B. quietly C. quickly D. firmly 34. A. lucky B. lonely C. likely D. only 35. A. entrance B. middle C. back D. front 36. A. smiled B. slept C. shouted D. quarreled 37. A. intended B. pretended C. happened D. refused 38. A. praise B. change C. thanks D. visits 39. A. difficult B. painful C. enjoyable D. valuable
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40. A. slowly B. early 【答案】 【知识点】C2 故事类

C. frequently

D. occasionally

【文章综述】 本文是英文小故事, 主要讲述了年轻教师无意间对学生的表扬和鼓励而激发了 学生的正能量,从而给她上了教师生涯里宝贵的一课。 【答案解析】 21.C 可以从下一句中的关键词“students”得出对应的身份“teacher”。故选 C。 22.D 空格前说 Simon 的成绩很差,阅读不行;空格之后说,他是一个聪明的孩子。 句意上构成转折关系。故选 D。 23. A 根据上文说他的思维能达到成人的深度, 并未在他糟糕的学业表现上被体现出。 综合四个选项的语义:courage”勇气”,ability“能力”,feeling”感觉”,dream”梦想”,可得“思 维的深度”应该是能力的一种。故选 A。 24.D 从下文的 surprising 可看出,无论是 kiss 还是 thanks 都是出乎意料,作者是没 有思想准备的。故选 D。 25.B 从后文 Simon 的改变可知,是因为这位新教师对 Simon 产生了一定的影响。in spite of”不管,尽管”,apart from”除了”,as for”至于”。 故选 B。 26.B 下文叙述的是 Simon 往好的一方面的转变,所以可知他对于这位新教师是抱有 一种爱戴的情绪,空格完全可以填“admire、respect”等词进行同义词替换,但这个意思在四 个选项中只有“love”比较确切。Envy”羡慕,嫉妒”,please”使…高兴,满意”,criticize”批判, 批评”。 故选 B。 27.D 重点在于这个近期的转变——开始交朋友,到朋友家去玩,以显示出新老师对 他近期产生的影响。Gradually 体现一个缓慢长期的变化,constantly 表示一种经常的常态, obviously 的意思是明显的。所以综合语义,用 recently“近期的,最近的”比较符合语义。故 选 D。 28.B self-respect 自尊,self-doubt 自我怀疑,self-pity:自怜,self-defence 自御,根 据文章可知 Simon 的转变是好的,所以用四个中唯一的正面词汇。故选 B。 29. D 从空格的后面一句话可知, 前面的动作是一个思索的过程。 Imagine 想象, observe 观察,遵守, regret 遗憾,后悔。综合词义可得到答案 wonder 想知道。故选 D。 30.A 通过语义不难判断,这位新老师在甚至连自己都没有注意到的情况下改变了 Simon 的态度,所以用 even 符合句意。故选 A。 31.A 后文是对过去事件的回顾,所以用 remember。故选 A。 32.C 老师让学生在教师前面做报告。通过“speak up”可知是进行口头的报告,而不 是写/复习/编辑 报告。故选 C。 33.B 通过下文“speak up”,可知声音很轻。故选 B。 34.D 根据语义直接可得:Simon 是唯一一个你需要说服的人。Lucky:幸运的; lonely 孤独的;likely 有可能的。综合比较可得 C 比较符合题意。故选 D。 35.C 根据“some students were giving reports in the front of the class”可知,老师是要最 后一排的同学也能听见。故选 C。 36.A 根据前后语义, sat up straighter, paid more attention, 36 more, and became happy. 坐得更直,注意力更集中,变得开心,可知都是正面词汇,以表示 Simon 的好的转变,所 以可得,只有 B 是正面的表现。故选 A 。 37. C intend to 打算做, 想做; pretend to do 假装做某事; refuse to 拒绝做某事; happen to 恰巧是。Simon 的这一切改变完全是因为在那节课上,我叫了最后一排学生的名字,而他 恰巧是坐在最后一排。故选 C。 38.A 根据上文的故事“Simon’s the expert on this”,可知这是一种表扬。以此揭示文 章主旨:最需要表扬的学生就是坐在最后排的学生。故选 A。 39.D 新老师这次无心插柳柳成荫的举动是她教师生涯中的宝贵一课。故选 D。 40.B 由空 21 可得,她是一个新教师,所以是她教师生涯的早期。故选 B。 第Ⅱ 卷
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第二部分 英语知识运用 第二节 语法填空(共 10 分;每小题 1. 5 分,满分 15 分) 【题文】阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(不多于 3 个单词)或括号内单词的正确 形式。 Have you heard of Lake Titicaca? It is a famous lake in South America, which is located on the border between Bolivia and Peru. But the lives of the ancient people who once lived around the lake and __41__ culture was thought to be highly advanced, have long remained a secret. Recently, __42__, scientists taking part in an exploration project at the lake have found __43__ they believe to be a 1000-year-old temple __44__ the water. Divers from the study group have discovered __45__ building scientists think is the remains of a temple built by the people who once lived beside the lake. The project leaders hope to begin raising important materials from the site later this week __46__ bad weather forces a change in their plans. "The scientists have not yet had the opportunity to study the materials carefully," said project director, John Aubi. "But some __47__ (put) forward the idea that the remains date from this period because of their __48__ (similar) to those found elsewhere." The research team has so far this year made more than 200 dives into water 30 metres deep. During these dives, __49__ have been recording the ancient remains on film. There will be a meeting, __50__ (start) later this year to review the film. 【答案】 【知识点】V2.语法填空(二) 【思路点拨】语法填空,必须读懂全文,根据上下文灵活应用语法知识,同时要注意名词单 复数,动词人称,形容词和副词的变化。 【答案解析】 41 whose. 考查定语从句,whose 在定语从句中作 culture 的定语,whose 引导的是与前文的 who 引导的并列定语从句。 42. however 考查连词。根据空的前后文之间的关系判断,however“尽管如此” 。 43. What 考查宾语从句。What 引导的是 found 的宾语从句,并在从句中作 believe 的宾语。 44. under/beneath/in 考查介词。under/beneath/in the water 在水下 45. a 考查冠词。a building 一座建筑物,文中第一次出现,故填 a。 46. unless 考查条件状语从句。unless 除非,如果不,根据主从句的关系进行判断。 47. have put/ are putting 考查时态。根据前文用的是现在完成时,此处的动作可用于正在进 行或已经完成,故用现在完成时或一般现在时都可。 48.similarity/similarities 考查名词。根据空前的 their 判断此处应用 similar 的名词形式。 49. they 考查代词。指前文 the research team 中的科学家们。 50. starting 考查非谓语动词。starting 非谓语动词作状语。 第三部分:写作(共两节,满分 35 分) 第一节【题文】短文改错(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文, 请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。 文中共 有 10 处错误,每句中最多有两处。错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(Λ),并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。 修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意: 1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 2.只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。

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Hello, boys and girls! Today, I am going to talk with what you should do when a fire alarm go off. If you hear the alarm, stand in line at the door and wait your teacher to lead you outside. Stay close to your teacher and classmate. Don’t panic or get out of line, and trying to remain quiet and calmly. Soon the firefighters will come and put out a fire. If it’s a false alarm and there is no fire, your teacher will lead us back to the classroom. If you notice that when someone is missing and hurt, tell your teacher immediately. 【答案】 【知识点】E2 短文改错应用文 【思路点拨】短文改错中的错误都是学生们经常犯的错误,修改时应考虑语法和词法知识, 如动词、名词、形容词等形式的变化等。 【答案解析】 1.with—about talk with sb 和某人交谈,空后是 what 引导的从句,故改为 about。 2.go—does 该短文前后都是使用的一般现在时,主语为 a fire alarm,故改为单三形式。 3.wait 后加 for wait 为不及物动词,wait for 等待。 4.classmate—classmates clasmate 不止一个,应用名词复数形式。 5.trying—try try 是由 and 连接,与 Don’t panic 并列。 6.calmly—calm remain 为系动词,后跟形容词作表语。 7.a—the fire 是指前文提到,应用 the 修饰。 8.us—you 根据前文的 your teacher 应将 us 改为 you。 9.notice 后的 that 去掉 notice 后的宾语从句只能用一个连接词,故去掉 that。 10.and—or hurt 和 missing 之间是选择关系,故 and 改为 or。 第二节 书面表达 (25 分) 【题文】你校同学进行了一场有关高考英语听力测试的讨论。讨论的主题是:高考英语测 试中的听力部分该不该取消?请你根据下表中的提示写一篇短文,介绍讨论的情况。 一些同学认为不应该取消 听是语言的四项基本技能之一,不能忽视 听是获取信息的重要途径之一 国际合作日益增多,听说能力应加强 另一些同学认为应该取消 考试中各地收听效果好坏不一、不公平 英语教师和语音设备城乡差异过大 今后并非人人都要与外国人口头交流

注意:1.文章的起始句已给出。 2.词数:100 左右(不包括已给的起始句) 。 3. 可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。 4.参考词汇:取消—cancel 国际合作—international cooperation The students of our school had a discussion about whether listening test in the National Matriculation English Test should be kept or canceled. 【答案】 【知识点】F4 书面表达应用文 【范文】 The students of our school had a discussion about whether listening test in the National Matriculation English Test should be kept or canceled. Some students think that listening test should not be canceled. They insist listening is among the four basic skills. We therefore can not ignore it. Besides, listening is one of the important
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channels for us to get information from the outside world. So it should be strengthened today when international cooperation is becoming more and more frequent. But others don’t agree. They think not everyone has to communicate with foreigners in the future. Moreover, listening test is unfair to the students in the areas where radio signals cannot be picked up effectively. And for certain reasons, there is a big difference in teachers and equipment between the countryside and the city. 【思路点拨】 本文是应用文,主要介绍高考听力是否取消的讨论,故用现在时和第三人称 【解析】 该生具有很好的语言表达能力,语法结构、语态的掌握及高级词汇的运用基本正确。通篇十 分流畅,可以看出作者厚实的写作功底。第一句就用 cancel 抓住改卷老师的眼球,然后使 用的 insist 的宾语从句,并在从句中使用的 v-ing 形式做主语。后面衔接的也十分恰当, 使用了 therefore,but,moreover 等连接结构。文中使用了 when 引导的时间状语从句、不 v-ing 形式做主语等。本文语言流畅,高级结构应用自如,抓住了要点,是一篇佳作。

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答案 阅读理解(共 20 小题,每小题 2 分,满分 40 分) 1-4 CBCA 5-8 CDAD 9-12 ABBD 13-15 ABD 16-20 FCGAB 完形填空(共 20 小题;每题 1. 5 分,满分 30 分) 21-25 CDADB 26-30 BDBDA 31-35 ACBDC 36-40 ACADB 语法填空(共 10 分;每小题 1. 5 分,满分 15 分) 41.whose 42. however 43.What 44. under/beneath/in 47. have put/ are putting 48. similarity/similarities 49. they

45.a 46. unless 50. starting

短文改错(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) Hello, boys and girls! Today, I am going to talk with what you should do when a fire alarm about go off. If you hear the alarm, stand in line at the door and wait∧ your teacher to lead you outside. goes for Stay close to your teacher and classmate. Don't panic or get out of line, and trying to remain quiet classmates try and calmly. Soon the firefighters will come and put out a fire. If it's a false alarm and there is no calm the fire, your teacher will lead us back to the classroom. If you notice that when someone is missing you and hurt, tell your teacher immediately. or 书面表达 (25 分) The students of our school had a discussion about whether listening test in the National Matriculation English Test should be kept or canceled. Some students think that listening test should not be canceled. They insist listening is among the four basic skills. We therefore can not ignore it. Besides, listening is one of the important channels for us to get information from the outside world. So it should be strengthened today when international cooperation is becoming more and more frequent. But others don’t agree. They think not everyone has to communicate with foreigners in the future. Moreover, listening test is unfair to the students in the areas where radio signals cannot be picked up effectively. And for certain reasons, there is a big difference in teachers and equipment between the countryside and the city.
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