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甘肃省兰州市2013届高三英语第一次(3月)诊断考试试题新人教版


2013 年高三诊断考试英



注意事项: 1. 本试卷分第一卷(选择题)和第二卷(非选择题)两部分。 2. 本试卷满分 120 分,考试用时 100 分钟。 3. 答题全部在答题纸上完成,试卷上答题无效。 第 I 卷(选择题,共 85 分) 第一部分 英语知识运用(共两节,满分 45 分) 第一节 单项填空 (共 15 小题; 每小题 1 分,满分 15 分) 从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。 1.The worried lady made purse on the table. A.a; the B.a;a C.the; the it. C . have finished D.the; a 2.—Lucy, how are you getting on with your composition? —I have rewritten it so many times that I wonder if I A.finish B.finished D.will finish 3.It is high time that we started to consider what A. affection advantages 4.However, they can hardly blame me; it is A. largely school. A.might 6.If the island far more deaths. A.remained B.would remain C.has remained D.is to remain in the whole world D. left out made D. 7.We hope one day all the violence and poverty will be and we can live a really harmonious life. A. put out B. given out C. wiped out the war had ended, C. that; which 8.The news spread quickly through the village villagers wild with joy. A. which; that where; which 9.—Can you come up with another good idea? —This is the best approach I can imagine A. to accomplish the work ahead of schedule. D. B. to accomplishing C. accomplishing B. that; what B.could C.shall D.will a tourist attraction, last week's earthquake would have caused B. regularly 5.One of our rules is that every student their own fault. C. properly D. fortunately wear the school uniform while at B. attention we should take to reduce D. heavy smog caused by traffic fumes and other pollutions. C. measures second thorough search of her pockets before finding

accomplished 10.—Our physics teacher is as humorous as he is intelligent. —It could never be .I like him so much.
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A.truer B.true C.the truest D.as true 11.The living room is clean and tidy, with a dining table already for a meal to be cooked. A. reserved B. swept C. decorated D. laid 12.Being more realistic, the elderly have learned to focus on things that make them happy and let go of that don't. A.them B.it C.that D.those 13. Everything was placed exactly it used to be before she left the laboratory. A.why B.when C.where D.though 14. jumped at the opportunity when he saw the advertisement in a newspaper, because He barely _____ make ends meet. A.he could B.could he C.he couldn’t D.shouldn’t he 15.—Do you think that we should make preparations for the competition in advance? —Exactly. . A.Actions speak louder than words B.Fight no battle unprepared C.Better late than never D.Well begun, half done 第二节 完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项 (A、B、C 和 D) 中,选出可以填入空白 处的最佳选项。 The other day, an old friend of mine, whom I haven’t seen for a very long time, called me. What we mainly talked about was about all the good old times. But later we turned to his father. His father’s 16 health made him stay at the hospital. Because of his illness, his father suffered from insomnia (失眠) and often 17 himself. My friend, who had not been able to sleep for a few days 18 he had to keep watching his father’s condition, became irritated and told his father to keep 19 and try to get some sleep. His father said that he 20 wanted to sleep well because he was very tired and told my friend to leave him alone in the hospital if he did not want to keep him 21 . After his father finished talking, he fell 22 . My friend was very sorry for speaking the 23 words towards his father. My friend, whom I knew as a tough person, cried as a baby on the other end of the 24 . He said that from that moment on, he 25 every day, asking God to let his father wake up from his coma. He promised himself that whatever words came out from his father’s mouth after he regained his consciousness, he would gladly 26 them. His only hope for God was to give him a chance to correct his past mistake. 27 we complain when we have to accompany or watch over our parents for years, months, days, hours or even minutes. 28 do we realize that our parents keep us company and watch over us for as long as we (or they ) live? From the day we were born to our adulthood, and even when 29 come to us, they are always 30 . Imagine how sad our parents will be when they hear a / an 31 innocent word of “no” come out from our mouths. We can make promises to ourselves that from now on there will be 32 that come out from our mouths when we have to watch over or accompany our parents. There are 33 many 34 ones who have neither fathers nor mothers. They long to have the
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things that we most complain about, but never have them. 35 , it takes only a second to think and light the lamp that will bring us to a place where peace is dwelling. 16.A. declined B. declining C. worsened D. worsted 17.A. talked of said for 18.A. when 19.A. seated silent 20.A. ever really 21.A. silence sleeping 22.A. unconscious apart 23.A. sick 24.A. street telephone 25.A. prayed compromised 26.A. listen to hear 27.A. Surprisingly Seldom 28.A. And 29.A. deaths setbacks 30.A. at their side in hand 31.A. really unexpectedly 32.A. not more words C. no more complaints 33.A. good 34.A. lucky 35.A. Eventually Frankly 第二部分 阅读理解( 共两节,满分 40 分) 第一节(共 15 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出最佳选项。 A Once again, I was in a new school. So was a girl in my class named Paris. That's where the similarities ended.
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B. said to B. while B. calm B. even B. company B. asleep B. dirty B. hospital B. uttered B. take B. However B. Although B. diseases B. at our side B. seemingly C. But

C. talked to C. immediately C. still C. exactly C. talking C. away C. ill C. college C. begged C. record C. Often D. So C. failures C. around the corner C. apparently B. no more words D. not more complaints C. great C. happy C. Actually D. so D. unhappy D. D. D. big D. D.

D. D. as D. D. D.

D. D.

D. D. D.

B. such B. unlucky B. Fortunately

I was tall and she was small. My thick, black hair had been recently cut short. Her natural blonde hair flowed to her waist and looked great. I was awkward and shy. She wasn't. I couldn't stand her. I considered her my enemy. She liked me. She wanted to be friends. One day, she invited me over and I said yes — I was too shocked to answer any other way. No one had invited me over to play. But this girl who wore the latest fashions wanted me to go home with her after school. I got very surprised when she led me into an apartment building. She lived on the fourth floor in a two-room place with her mother, her stepfather, her two brothers and her sister. When we got to the room she shared with her sister, she took out a big case of Barbies — which was my next surprise. I would have thought she'd outgrown them. I had never played with them. But we sat on the floor of a walk-in closet, laughing as we made up crazy stories about the Barbies. That's when we found out that we both wanted to be writers when we were older and we both had wild imaginations. We had a great day that afternoon. Our jaws ached from smiling so much. She showed me her wardrobe, which had mostly come from a designer clothing store down the block. The woman who owned it used her as a model sometimes for her newspaper ads and gave her clothes in exchange. Paris had the whole neighborhood charmed. The bookstore owners lent her fashion magazines, the movie theater gave her free passes and the pizza place let her have free slices. Soon I was included in her magic world. We slept over at each other's houses, spent every free moment together. My dark hair grew out and I learned to love being tall. Paris, my first real friend since childhood, taught me an amazing and very surprising thing about making friends: that your worst enemy can turn out to be your best friend. 36.The writer and Paris were similar in that . A. they were both new students B. both of them were friendly C. both of them were tall D. they were both the youngest in class 37.In the article the writer described Paris as a girl who was . A. awkward and shy B. fashionable and proud C. quiet and lonely D. friendly and lovely 38.What did the writer learn from Paris? A. How to make best use of her neighborhood. B. How to dress and look fashionable. C. How to become a good writer. D. How to make friends. 39 . From the article, we can see that through her friendship with Paris, the writer . A. found she and Paris had more similarities than differences B. was able to fit in at her new school with Paris’ help C. was not so awkward or shy as before D. learned more about fashion herself B “I like your smile, but unlike you put your shoes on my face”. A charming way
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of saying “Keep off the grass”. But could you figure it out? Or this: “Wash Clothing Store” for laundry. They are both typical Chinglish, a combination of English vocabulary and Chinese grammar. Expressions such as “people mountain people sea”, means extremely crowded, and “give you some color to see”, meaning a punishment, are widely known and recognized. Chinglish has been attracting global attention in recent years as China grows rapidly in stature on the world stage, attracting both fans and detractors. The Beijing Speaks Foreign Languages Programme and English First China Company, a language trainer known as EF Education, jointly launched a campaign to root out poor grammar and misused vocabulary in downtown Beijing. They argue Chinglish is an embarrassment that we should let it die out at all costs. “It is meaningful, to allow the capital show its most beautiful historical and cultural heritage to the world." Michael Lu, vice-president of EF Education said, “since the launching of the campaign, foreign teachers and students had been very keen to volunteer participation.”He believed signs were very important in public services. "The signs in some old buildings confused foreign visitors. Chinglish, although the target of much criticism, has also won supporters who regard it as an interesting way for foreigners to learn how Chinese people think and express themselves. “Many Chinglish logos carry Chinese elements and they will enrich the English language,” 32-year-old Oliver Radtke said. He had even published a book “Chinglish: Found in Translation,” on the subject. About 50,000 copies of the book have been sold since it was published in 2007. Some Chinese university experts also side with Chinglish. "English has absorbed elements from other languages such as French and Spanish in its growth, and the emergence of Chinglish again testifies to the language’s vitality and inclusiveness," said Shi Anbin, an associate professor of Tsinghua University. 40.How did Chinglish come into being? A. Chinese people misunderstood the meaning of the new words. B. Chinese people combined English vocabulary with Chinese grammar. C. Chinese people based their English on the native English speakers. D. Chinese people make wide use of English vocabulary with bad spelling. 41.What Shi Anbin said means . A. there are many French and Spanish words in English B. English is the language with vitality and inclusiveness C. Chinglish enriches English and shouldn’t be got rid of D. Chinglish has greater effect on English than French and Spanish 42.According to Oliver Radtke, Chinglish . A. shows how Chinese people think B. does damage to the English language C. shows the great humor of Chinese people D. should be sold to all over the world C Dogs can know the meaning of a human perspective, say researchers. Dogs are more capable of understanding situations from a human's point of view
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than has previously been recognized, according to researchers. They found dogs were four times more likely to steal food they had been forbidden, when lights were turned off so humans in the room could not see. This suggested the dogs were able to alter their behavior when they knew their owners' perspective had changed. The study, published in Animal Cognition, conducted tests on eighty-four dogs. The experiments had been trying to find whether dogs could make their behavior suitable to react to the changed circumstances of their human owners. It wanted to see if dogs had a "flexible understanding" that could show they understood the viewpoint of a human. It found that when the lights were turned off, dogs in a room with their human owners were much more likely to disobey and steal forbidden food. The study says it is "unlikely that the dogs simply forgot that the human was in the room" when there was no light. Instead it seems as though the dogs were able to differentiate between when the human was unable or able to see them. Juliane Kaminski carried out the research into how dogs are influenced by human circumstances. Dr Juliane Kaminski, from the University of Portsmouth's psychology department, said the study was "incredible because it implies dogs understand the human can't see them, meaning they might understand the human perspective". Previous studies have suggested that although humans might think that they can recognize different expressions on their dogs' faces, this is often inaccurate and a projection of human emotions. “Humans constantly attribute certain qualities and emotions to other living things. We know that our own dog is clever or sensitive, but that's us thinking, not them,” said Dr Kaminski. “These results suggest humans might be right, where dogs are concerned, but we still can't be completely sure if the results mean dogs have a truly flexible understanding of the mind and others' minds. It has always been assumed only humans had this ability. 43.According to the passage, which of the following is TRUE? A. The researchers made the test on dogs in eighty-four countries. B. Dogs always obey and don’t steal forbidden food. C. Dogs may adapt their behavior in response to the changed circumstances. D. The research is carried out to find out how dogs are influenced by light. 44.Which of the following can best serve as the title of the passage? A. Dogs---Our Loyal Companions Understand Us Most. B. Dogs Are Our Best Friends. C. Dogs Can Understand Us In a Way, Researchers Say. D. Dogs Have Certain Qualities and Emotions of Human Beings, Researchers Say. 45. Where can we probably read this kind of articles? A. Textbooks. B. Advertisements. C. Instructions. D. Magazines. 46.This passage can be classified as . A. an argumentative writing B. a feature story C. a dog show review D. a research result D In every British town, large and small, you will find shops that sell second-hand
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goods. Sometimes such shops deal mostly in furniture, sometimes in books, sometimes in ornaments and household goods, sometimes even in clothes. The furniture may often be “antique”, and it may well have changed hands many times. It may also be very valuable, although the most valuable piece will usually go to the London salerooms, where one piece might well be sold for hundreds of thousands of pounds. As you look around these shops and see the polished wood of chests and tables, you cannot help thinking of those long-dead hands which polished that wood, of those now-closed eyes which once looked at these pieces with love. The books, too, may be antique and very precious; some may be rare first printings. Often when someone dies or has to move house, his books may all be sold, so that sometimes you may find whole libraries in one shop. On the border between England and Wales, there is a town which has become a huge bookshop as well. Even the cinema and castle have been taken over, and now books have replaced sheep as the town’s main trade. There are also much more humble shops, sometimes simply called “junk shops”, where you can buy small household pieces very cheaply. Sometimes the profits from these shops go to charity. Even these pieces, though, can make you feel sad; you think of those people who once treasured them, but who have moved on, to another country or to death. Although the British do not worship their ancestors, they do treasure the past and the things of the past. This is true of houses as well. These days no one knocks them down; they are restored until they are often better than new. In Britain, people do not buy something just because it is new. Old things are treasured for their proven worth; new things have to prove themselves before they are accepted. 47.Books found in second-hand book shops may _____. A.be copies of the earliest printing first time C.never be worth very much A.they are too expensive for average buyers original owner C.they are now neglected the second A.invention D.relic 50.According to the passage, the British people_____. A.do not respect old things because they are not fashionable B.like to build new houses simply because it is fashionable to do so C.like to buy new things because they are fashionable D.do not like to buy things simply because they are fashionable 第二节(共 5 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 10 分) 根据短文内容, 从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。 选项中有两项为多余选项。 College life can become a great struggle because students have to balance school, a social life, and sometimes a job as well. The following steps could help the grades
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B . be on sale for the D.never be rare B.they remind you of the D.they are sold for charity

48.Second-hand goods sometimes fill you with sadness because_____.

49.Which of the following word can best take the place of the word “antique” in paragraph? B.possession C . material

of college students. Go to class. Why did your parents pay for your tuition or why are your parents paying their taxes for financial aid? Even when you don't feel like attending class, just go. 52 51 Many classes have in class assignments, pop quizzes, and case studies that only could be taken in class. If you are not there, you might lose points. College is all about multitasking. Planners can really help you to balance homework, due dates and tests. You should try to get your work done early, then you will have less stress. Be business-like about your education. If you had a job you would have to go to your job at 9am and stay there until 5pm. 53 If you did the same thing in college, you would be great. Go to class, go to the library, study seriously, at 5pm put away the books and go home. Once in a while you might have to work late, just like at a real job. 54 Everyone studies in different ways. Some can study with a lot of noise and others want silence. Some can't even study with music on and some need dead silence. Some like the library and some like to study with friends, or even outside. 55 A.Stay organized. B.Always try to keep a positive attitude and have confidence. C.You might get participation points, and the professor will also get to know you better. D.The rest of the day would be your own time. E.Use your time effectively and efficiently. F.Find your own best method of studying. G.Making friends with your classmates. 第 II 卷 (非选择题,共 35 分) 第三部分 写作(共两节, 满分 35 分) 第一节 短文改错 (共 10 小题;每小题 1 分, 满分 10 分) 短文改错要求及原题见答题纸。 第二节 书面表达 (满分 25 分) 假定你是李华,你通过 MSN 得知去年曾在你校客座教授英语的 Jack Wood 最近在打篮 球时摔倒严重伤了右肩,你很挂念他的伤情并告知他你看到了他的博客(Traveling Along The Old Silk Road in Gansu)。请你依据以下内容给他写一封信,内容主要包括: 1. 慰问他的伤情; 2. 简要评论他的博客; 3. 对他曾经的教学印象深刻,获益匪浅,希望今后多联系。 注意:1. 词数 100 左右; 2. 可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。 3.开头及结尾已为你写好,不计入总词数。 Dear Jack Wood,
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How worried I am to hear the news that you had your right shoulder injured seriously after falling down while playing basketball.

Sincerely yours, Li Hua

2013 年高三诊断考试 英语参考答案及评分参考

第一部分 英语知识运用(共两节,满分 45 分) 1—5 ADCAC 6—10 ACCBA 11—15 DDCBB 16—20 BCDBD 21—25 BACDA 26—30 BCCAB 31—35 BCDBC 第二部分 阅读理解( 共两节,满分 40 分) 36—39 ADDC 40—42 BCA 43—46 CCBD 47—50 ABDD 51—55 CADFB 第三部分 写作(共两节, 满分 35 分) 第一节 As is known to all, with the improvement of people living standards, cars have become a people’s popular mean of transport, bringing great convenience to our lives. However, they have also means / way life cause some problems such as air pollution and traffic jams. When can we solve the problems caused How then? As far as I ∧ concerned, riding bicycles is a good solution. For one thing, bicycles don’t
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am need any petrol and they are energy–saving. For another, bicycles are environmentally friend friendly because it won’t give off waste gas. What’s the more, riding bicycles is good to our health. they So my friends, let’s go to work through riding bicycles. Come on and join us! by 注意: 改错中 When 改为 How ,若改为 how 则不得分。 第二节 One of the possible versions: Dear Jack Wood, How worried I am to hear the news that you had your right shoulder injured seriously after falling down while playing basketball. I’m anxious to know more about your injury, wondering whether you are feeling any better now. And I also want to say how excited I am when I read your blogs---Travelling Along the Old Silk Road in Gansu. You mentioned lots of places of interest in my hometown, most of which I’ve never been to. What a pity! I believe your vivid description and beautiful pictures make my hometown known to more people. They are worth reading. Up to now, I still have been impressed with your interesting and attractive English classes and I really benefited a lot. Looking forward to hearing from you and expecting you to recover as soon as possible! Sincerely yours, Li Hua 评分标准: 一、书面表达评分原则(参照 2012 高考英语试题《课标卷》评分原则) 二、内容要点 1. 慰问伤情(扣题表述); 2. 评论博客(扣题表述) ; 3. 教学印象,获益,联系。 三、各档次的给分范围和要求: 第五档: (21-25 分) ——完全完成了试题规定的任务。 ——应用了较多的语法结构和词汇。 ——语法结构或词汇方面有些许错误, 但为尽力使用较复杂结构或较高级词汇所致; 具 备较强的语言运用能力。 第四档: (16-20 分) ——完成了试题规定的任务。 ——语法结构或词汇方面有少量错误,但主要是因尝试较复杂语法结构或词汇所致。 第三档: (11-15 分) ——基本完成了试题规定的主要任务。

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——有一些语法结构或词汇方面的错误,但不影响短文理解。 第二档: (6-10 分) ——未恰当完成试题规定的任务。 ——有较多语法结构或词汇方面的错误,影响了对写作内容的理解。 第一档: (0-5 分) ——未完成试题规定的任务,写了一些无关内容。 ——较多语法结构或词汇方面的错误,影响对写作内容的理解。

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