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高考英语复习高二unit11语法


人教修订版 高中二年级(下) Unit 11

Grammar

Word formation The basic part of any word is the root; to it, you can add a prefix at the beginning and/or a suffix at the end to change the meaning. For

example, in the word "unflattering,"
the root is simply "flatter," while

the prefix "un-" makes the word negative, and the suffix "-ing" changes it from a verb into an adjective (specifically, a participle).

Grammar
affix infix prefix suffix

in/ il-/ im -/ ir(not) incapable, indecisive, intolerable , illegal, impossible, irregular co (together) coworker, cooperate

inter (between, among) international, interaction interdependent, interprovincial tele (far) telephone, telegraph, television pre (before) prerecorded, preface, prefer

post (after) postpone, postscript, postwar sub (under, not quite) subsoil, subscription, subway, subnormal

bio (of life) biology, bioengineering, biophysics trans (across, to a changed state) transfer, transit, translate, transport,

transform

suffixes
For nouns -er/or -ist For adj -ful For adv -ly -ous -able -y -ed -ness -tion -ment

Use context clues and what you know
about word parts to guess the meaning

of the underlined words.
1. ______ 进口 Many countries import most of

the oil they use.
2. 生命物理 _________ He studied biophysics at

college.

3. 合作 ____ It is very important to learn how to cooperate with others. 4. 运输 ____ All your luggage will be transported to the destination by train. 5. 超级歌星 ________ My cousin has an excellent voice. Her dream is to become a superstar.

1. The average output of the factory is 20 cars a day. output = out + put 产量 2. She has written good essays before, but this one is substandard.

substandard = sub + standard
低于标准的, 不够标准的

3. He is a kind of intellectual superman. superman = super + man 超人 4. The lack of a common language made it very difficult to intercommunicate (with each other). intercommunicate = inter + communicate 互相联系

5. Transplant the seedlings into peaty soil. transplant = trans + plant 移植 6. Have you read an e-book? e-book=electronic + book 电子图书 7. They helped us to map out a long-term plan. long-term = long + term 长期的

Practice
1. This text was taken from "The Picture of Dorian Gray " by Oscar Wilde In the centre of the room, clamped to an upright easel, stood the full-length portrait of a young man of ____________ (ORDINARY) personal extraordinary beauty, and in front of it,

some little distance _______(DISTANT) away, was sitting the artist himself, Basil Hall ward, whose sudden ____________ (APPEAR) some years disappearance ago caused, at the time, such public

_________ (EXCITE), and gave rise to excitement so many strange conjectures. As the

painter looked at the gracious _______(GRACE) and comely form he had so skillfully _______ (SKILL) mirrored in his art, a smile of _______ (PLEASE) passed across his pleasure face, and seemed about to linger there.

But he suddenly ________ (SUDDEN) started up,
and, closing his eyes, placed his fingers

upon the lids, as though he sought to ________ (PRISON) within his brain imprison some curious dream from which he feared he might awake _____ (WAKE).

2. This text was taken from "The Time Machine", by H (erbert) G (eorge) Wells It is simply this. That Space, as our ______________ mathematicians (MATHS) have it, is spoken of as having three dimensions, which one may call _______ length (LONG), Breadth, and __________(THICK), thickness

and is always definable by reference ________ (REFER) to three planes, each at right angles to the others. But some philosophical people have been asking why THREE dimensions __________ particularly (PARTICULAR) --why not another direction at right angles to the other

three? ---- and have even tried to construct a Four-Dimension geometry. Professor Simon Newcomb was expounding this to the New York Mathematical Society only a month or

so ago. You know how on a flat surface,
which has only two dimensions,

we can represent a figure of a three-

_________ (DIMENSION) solid, and dimension ________(SIMILAR) they think that similarly
by models of thee dimensions they could represent one of four--if they could master the perspective __________ (PERCEIVE) of the thing. See?

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受不了。眼见着八月十五又要到了,“望节”是必须的。八月十三那天,郭氏带上月饼和水果,拉着耿兰慢吞吞地往娘家走去。想着去年的今 日,全家六口子一起去娘家“望节”兼话别。尽管当时的心情也不好受,但毕竟全家人还在一起啊!如今,郭氏拉着五岁的小女儿,想着远在 天涯音讯全无的丈夫和三个孩子,那个苦哇但是,无论心里有多么苦痛,郭氏都绝对不在小女儿耿兰的面前流泪。大女儿耿英在这一点儿上就 很像她。娘家就在眼前了,郭氏在心里祈祷着:老爹老娘啊,你们可不要跟俺提起兰儿她爹和娃儿们啊!但这可能吗?没有办法,郭氏咬咬牙 进了院门儿。看到姥爷和姥娘俩人正面对面坐在台阶儿前的小板凳上择菜呢,耿兰放开娘的手蹦蹦跳跳地一边跑去一边喊:“姥爷姥娘,俺可 想你们了!”俩老人急忙站起身来。老娘说:“哦,过来了,快进家哇!不要带那么多东西,俺们吃不了多少。”耿兰牵着姥爷的手跑去打开 屋门,郭氏上前扶着娘的胳膊走进屋里。大家刚刚坐下,俩老人心疼地看着自己的宝贝女儿又要迟疑着张口问了。不等他们问出口来,郭氏就 赶快摇摇头,尽量地稳定情绪耐着性子安慰他们说:“你们都少操些心哇。兰儿他爹找个顺道儿的人捎书信回来哪里有那么容易哩。你们只管 放宽心好了,如今太平盛世的,他爹又不是没有出过门子的人。你们照顾好自己,身体硬朗一些,俺也好放心啊!再说了,娃儿们还等着回来 吃俺爹亲手打的大饼呢!”老爷子轻轻地叹一口气,说:“唉,也是啊,问也没有用。俺们能硬硬朗朗地多活几年,亲眼看着他们回来,比什 么都强哇!”郭氏放心地说:“爹这话啊,可就说对了呢!”又叙了一会儿话,娘说:“刚才你弟妹还说了,叫你和兰儿后儿个一早就过来, 咱们一起过节哇!”郭氏赶快说:“不用了娘,憨子家弟妹和家成嫂子她们俩前几天就和俺说好了,这往后哇,在兰儿她爹和她哥哥姐姐们回 来之前,每年的八月十五节‘供月’俺们还一起热闹。俺们已经说好了,今年在家成哥家热闹,明年在憨子家热闹。俺和兰儿中午的饺子也随 这个了。家成嫂子还说了,不用俺动手呢,只管中午到他们家吃现成饭去。当然啦,俺还是要帮她包饺子去的。这几天儿男人们都在忙着收秋 呢,妞儿才比咱家兰儿大一岁,就她一个人做饭。要包那么多人吃的饺子哩,她忙活不过来的!”八月十五是一个大晴天,郭氏早早就起来了。 她和小女儿耿兰吃过简单的早饭以后,娘儿俩就去门前不远的水田里掰苞米去了。约莫半上午时分,郭氏背了一筐掰好的苞米,拉着耿兰回来 了,她惦记着帮刘氏包饺子的事儿呢。回家放下苞米棒子后,郭氏就带着耿兰过董家成家来了。六岁的董妞儿正拿着一小块儿面团在一旁捏小 人儿呢。看到耿兰来了,赶快


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