Keys to the exercises:Unit 2
3.(1) We are one of the leading importers dealing in electronic products in the area, and take this opportunity to approach you in the hope of establishing business relations.(2) We have been engaged in handling importing and exporting of machinery and equipment for many years, and our products have enjoyed great popularity in many countries. (3) We owe your name and address to the Commercial Counselor’s office of our Embassy in Beijing.(4) We are given to understand that you are a manufacturer of daily chemicals. One of our clients intends to buy cosmetics from your country. We will appreciate it highly if you can airmail the catalogue and the price list of your products available at present. (5) For our credit standing, please refer to the Bank of China, Shanghai Branch.
Unit 3
2.1. Pease quote us your best price CIF Shanghai, inclusive of our 3% commission.2. Should your price be found competitive, we intend to place with you an order for 300,000 yards of Cotton Cloth.3. One of our customers is now interested in the Qingdao Haier Refrigerator made in your country. Please offer CIF London for 400 sets to be delivered in April.4. To enable you to have a better understanding of our products, we are sending you by air 5 copies of our catalogue and 2 sample books.5. In reply to your enquiry dated April 28, we are now sending you our latest price list for your reference.
3.Dear Sirs,We learn from a friend in Shenzhen that you are exporting light industrial products, especially electric appliances. There is a steady demand here for the above-mentioned commodities of high quality at moderate prices.Will you please send us a copy of your catalogue, with details of your prices and terms of payment. We should find it most helpful if you could also supply samples of these goods. Yours faithfully,
4. Dear Sirs,RE: Haier RefrigeratorWe are in the market for refrigerators. Please send us your latest catalogue and details of your specifications, informing us of your price CIF Guangzhou, please also state your earliest possible delivery date, your terms of payment, and discount for regular purchase. If your prices prove reasonable and satisfactory, we shall soon place a large order with you. Yours faithfully,
5. Dear Sirs,We welcome you for your enquiry of May 5 and thank you for your interest in our products. We are enclosing some copies of our illustrated catalogues and a price list giving the details you ask for. Also under separate cover, we are sending you some samples.Please note that payment should be made by irrevocable L/C payable at sight against presentation of shipping documents. We allow a proper discount in view of this first business between us.We await your acceptance by fax. Yours faithfully,
Unit 4
2.(1).We are studying the offer and hope that it will keep open till the end of the month.(2). We believe that you will place a large order with us owing to the high quality and reasonable price of our products.(3). We will allow you 10% discount if you purchase 5000 dozens or more.(4). As to terms of payment, we often require a confirmed, irrevocable letter of credit payable by draft at sight.(5). You are cordially invited to take advantage of this attractive offer. We are anticipating a large order from the United States, and that will cause a sharp rise in price.(6). We will send you a firm offer with shipment available in the early May if you order reaches us before March 10.(7). Because there is a brisk demand for the goods, the offer will be open only for 5 days.(8). We are giving you a firm offer, subject to your reply here by 5 p.m. our time, Tuesday, July 10.
3.Dear sirs, In reply to your letter of May 5, we are giving you a firm offer, subject to your reply here by 5 p.m. our time, Thursday, October 15, 2008, as follows:Commodity: Boots for ladiesSpecifications: more than 20 assortments with new designs of brown or red colors (detailed in catalogue)Quality: the leather used is of superior qualityPrice: CIF Guangzhou US$ 95 to 300 according to various designsPayment: Confirmed, irrevocable letter of credit payable by draft at sight to be opened 30 days before the time of shipment.Packing: at the buyer’s optionShipment: September.
Unit 5
3.1). We shall place a trial order with you for 500 sets if you will give us a 5% commission.2). We are working on your Order No. 678 at present and please believe that we will effect the shipment within the time you stipulated.3) Owing to heavy commitments, many orders haven’t been made, we can only accept orders for October shipment.4) Our stock is exhausted and we are not in a position to accept fresh orders. However, we will contact you as soon as new supplies are available.5) Shipment should be made during August to October in three lots, with 100 tons each.
4.Dear Sirs:We are pleased by your prompt reply to our inquiry of July 10, 2008 and now wish to order from you as our Order No. 321 enclosed.
Yours faithfully,
ORDER FORMOrder No. 321 July 20, 2008Messrs. JB SIMPSON &CO. LTD.18 Deansgate BlackpoolPlease supply the following itemsDescription: A: SA-135 Video Recorder B: VT-462 Video Tape C: RC-A43 Mini Radio Cassette RecorderQuantity: A: 1000 B: 1000 C: 5000Unit Price: FOB Xin Gang inclusive of our 5% commission A: US$ 600 each B: US$ 10 each C: US$ 20 eachPayment: L/C at 90 days’ sight to be opened 30 days before shipmentPackage: By standard export casesDelivery Date: Before the end of August in one/two lots.
6.Dear Sirs:We are pleased to have received your Order by fax dated March 10 for 500 sets of knitting machinery. Thanks.We have immediately contacted the manufacturer. But they refused our request politely since the machines sell well, and there is a great shortage of raw materials and still a large number of orders. After our repeated negotiations, they finally promised to accept the order and to make delivery of 100 sets each month, beginning from next January.We are aware that you are in urgent need of the products, but uncertain whether you will agree on the above delivery date. We are making contact with manufacturers elsewhere and will let you know as soon as there are any favourable news.Meanwhile, we are enclosing our catalogue covering all the articles available at present. If you are interested in any of the items, please inform us. We will surely give prompt attention to your requirement. Yours faithfully
Unit 8
2. We refer to Contract NO. CT 345 signed on December 1, 2003, under which we decided 5000 M/Ts cotton will be delivered in March, 2004. Up till now we have not heard any news about delivery from you.Our clients are in urgent need for the goods, please see to it that you should deliver the goods within the time stipulated in the contract, or we will have to lodge a claim and reserve the right to cancel the contract.
3. We refer to our Purchase Confirmation No. 345 for 5000 pieces of “White Rabit” Blanket. We are notifying that we have opened through ** Bank a confirmed, irrevocable Letter of Credit No. 789, totaling US $..., the L/C shall remain in force till 31st August.Please see to it that the above mentioned articles should be shipped before the end of August and the goods should be covered insurance for 130% of the invoice value against all risks.We know that according to your usual practice, you insure the goods only at invoice value plus 10%, therefore, the extra premium will be for our account.Please arrange insurance as per our requirements and we await your advice of shipment.
Unit 9
1. The survey report indicates that the damage to the carton and goods was due to rough handling in transit, rather than poor packing as you stated.2. The damage was caused by improper packing, such a big and heavy machine should have been fixed and stuffed in export wooden case.3. Upon examination, we found that there was no sign of poor quality and bad handicraft, and that the dye used is excellent.4. Thank you for your acceptance of the wrongly delivered goods. We will give you a discount of 8% on invoice price. Please agree.5. Please let us know by fax whether you may ship the goods before September 15. If not we shall be compelled to cancel the order.
补充:Unit 7答案
(1) Quality/Quantity/Weight Discrepancy and Claim: If the Buyers find the quality and/or quantity/weight of the goods are not in the contract after the arrival of the goods at the port of destination, aside from those losses within the responsibility of the insurance company and/or the shipping company, the Buyers shall have the right to lodge claims against the Sellers on the strength of inspection certificates issued by the inspection organization accepted by both parties. In case of quality discrepancy claim should be filed by the Buyers within 30 days after the arrival of the goods at port of destination, while of quantity/weight discrepancy claim should be field by the Buyers within 15 days after the arrival of the goods at port of destination.
(2) Arbitration: All disputes in connection with this contract or the execution thereof shall be settled by amicable negotiation between two parties. If no settlement can be reached, the case in dispute shall then be submitted for arbitration in the country of defendant in accordance with the arbitration regulations of the arbitration organization of the defendant country. The decision made by the arbitration organization shall be taken as final and binding upon both parties. The arbitration expenses shall be borne by the losing party unless otherwise awarded by the arbitration organization.

Nanjing Leather Co., Ltd, No.118 Jiefang Road, Nanjing, China

May 26th, 20-
Main Street New Hamaza Ghouse,
P. O. Box-2123,
Sialkot- 51310,

In reply to your letter of May 18th, we are giving you a firm offer, subject to your reply here by 5 p.m. our time, Thursday, May 26th, 20-, as follows:
500 pairs Women’s leather shoes
Color black and brown
Size 24, 25& 26
Price each pair at £ 20 –CIF London
Payment by confirmed, irrevocable L/C at sight
Shipment 30 days after receipt of L/C
Thank you for your letter about the offer for the women’s leather shoes. Although we appreciate the quality of your women’s leather shoes, your price is too high to be acceptable. Since we placed the last order, price for raw materials has been decreased considerably. Retailing price for your women’s leather shoes has also been reduced by 5%. Accepting your present price will mean great loss to us, let alone profit.
We would like to place order with you if you could reduce your price at least by 1.5%. Otherwise, we have to shift the other suppliers for our similar request.
We hope you take our suggestion into serious consideration and give us your reply as soon as possible.

Yours sincerely,
Liu Luau
Import Manager



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