kl800.com省心范文网

甘肃省兰州市2013届高三第一次(3月)诊断考试(英数理)


世纪金榜

圆您梦想

www.jb1000.com

甘肃省兰州市 2013 届高三第一次(3 月)诊断考试

(英语、数学、物理)
(2013、03)
注意事项: 1.本试卷分第 I 卷(选择题)和第 II 卷(非选择题)两部分。试题前标注有(理)的试题理科考生作答, 试题前标注有(文)的试题文科考生作答,没有标注的试题文理科考生均作答。 2.本卷满分 150 分,考试用时 120 分钟。 3.答题全部在答题纸上完成,试卷上答题无效。

第 I 卷(共 60 分)

一、选择题:本大题共 12 小题,每小题 5 分,共 60 分.在每小题给出的四个选项中,只有一项是符合题 目要求的. 1.设全集 U ? {1, 2,3, 4,5} , 已知 U 的子集 M 、N 满足集 M ? {1, 4} ,M ? N ? {1} ,N ? (? M ) ? {3,5} , U 则N ? A. {1,3} 2.设 i 为虚数单位,复数 A. ? B. {3,5} C. {1,3,5} D. {1, 2,3,5}

1 ? ai 为纯虚数,则实数 a 为 2?i
B. ?2 C.

1 2
3

1 2

D. 2

3.曲线 y ? x ? 11 在点 P(1,12)处的切线与两坐标轴围成三角形的面积是 A.75 B.

75 2

C. 27

D.

27 2

4.若点 P (2, 0) 到双曲线

x2 y 2 ? ? 1 (a ? 0, b ? 0) 的一条渐近线的距离为 2 ,则该双曲线的离心率为 a 2 b2
B. 3 C. 2 2 D. 2 3

A. 2 5.已知命题:

p1 :函数 f ( x) ? x ? p2 :不等式

1 ( x ? 1) 的最小值为 3 ; x ?1

1 ? 1 的解集是 {x | x ? 1} ; x
山东世纪金榜科教文化股份有限公司

第 1 页(共 25 页)

世纪金榜

圆您梦想

www.jb1000.com

p3 : ?? , ? ? R ,使得 sin(? ? ? ) ? sin ? ? sin ? 成立; p4 : ?? , ? ? R , tan(? ? ? ) ?
其中的真命题是 A. p1 B. p1 , p3 C. p2 , p4 D. p1 , p3 , p4

tan ? ? tan ? 成立. 1 ? tan ? ? tan ?

6.数列 {an } 满足 a1 ? 1 , a2 ?

2 1 1 2 ,且 ? ? (n ? 2) ,则 an ? 3 an ?1 an ?1 an 2 n?2
C. ( ) n

A.

2 n ?1

B.

2 3

D. ( ) n?1

2 3

开始

7. 执行右面的程序框图,若输入的 n ? 6 , m ? 4 那么输出的 p 是 A.120 B.240 C.360 D.720

输入 n、m k=1,p=1

p=p(n-m+k) 是 k<m 否 输出 p 结束

k=k+1

8. 有一个几何体的三视图如图所示,则该几何体的体积为 A.16 B.20 C.24 D .32
3 4

2

9.已知动点 P 到两定点 A 、 B 的距离和为 8,且 | AB |? 4 3 ,线段 AB 的的中点为 O ,过点 O 的所有直 线与点 P 的轨迹相交而形成的线段中,长度为整数的有 A. 5 条 B. 6 条 C. 7 条 D. 8 条

10.将函数 f ( x) ? 2 sin(?x ?
第 2 页(共 25 页)

?
3

)(? ? 0) 的图象向左平移

? 个单位,得到函数 y ? g (x) 的图象.若 3?
山东世纪金榜科教文化股份有限公司

世纪金榜
y ? g (x) 在[ 0,
A.4

圆您梦想

www.jb1000.com

?
4

]上为增函数,则 ? 的最大值为 B.3 C.2 D.1

11.已知函数 f ( x) 是 R 上的偶函数,且满足 f (5 ? x) ? f (5 ? x) ,在[0,5]上有且只有 f (1) ? 0 ,则 f (x) 在[–2013,2013]上的零点个数为 A.808 B.806 C.805 D.804 满足

12. 定 义 : min{a , b} ? ?

? a, a ? b .在区域 ?b, a ? b

?0 ? x ? 2 内 任 取 一 点 P ( x, y ) , 则 x 、 y ? ?0 ? y ? 6

min{x 2 ? x ? 2 y, x ? y ? 4} ? x 2 ? x ? 2 y 的概率为
A.

5 9

B.

4 9

C.

1 3

D.

2 9

第Ⅱ卷(共 90 分)
二、填空题:本大题共 4 小题,每小题 5 分,共 20 分. 13.已知向量 a ? (k , ?2) , b ? (2, 2) , a ? b 为非零向量,若 a ? (a ? b ) ,则 k ?

r

r

r

r

r

r

r

.

14.三位老师分配到 4 个贫困村调查义务教育实施情况,若每个村最多去 2 个人,则不同的分配方法有 种.

? SC 15.已知三棱锥 S ? ABC 的所有顶点都在以 O 为球心的球面上, ABC 是边长为 1 的正三角形, 为球 O
的直径,若三棱锥 S ? ABC 的体积为

2 ,则球 O 的表面积为 6

.

16 . 已 知 各 项 为 正 的 数 列 {an } 中 , a1 ? 1, a2 ? 2, log2 an ?1 ? log2 an ? n ( n ? N ? ), 则

a1 ? a2 ? ? ? a2013 ? 21008 ?

.

三、解答题:本大题共 6 小题,共 70 分.解答应写出文字说明,证明过程或演算步骤. 17. (本小题满分 12 分) 在 ?ABC 中,角 A 、 B 、 C 的对边分别为 a 、 b 、 c , a 2 ? b 2 ? c 2 ? bc . (Ⅰ)求角 A 的大小; (Ⅱ)若 a ? 2 3 , b ? 2 ,求 c 的值.

第 3 页(共 25 页)

山东世纪金榜科教文化股份有限公司

世纪金榜

圆您梦想

www.jb1000.com

18. (本小题满分 12 分) 如图, 在四棱锥 P ? ABCD 中,PA ? 平面 ABCD , 底面 ABCD 是菱形,AB ? 2 ,?BAD ? 60? . (Ⅰ)求证: BD ? PC ; (Ⅱ)若 PA ? AB ,求二面角 A ? PD ? B 的余弦值.
D A C B P

19. (本小题满分 12 分) 某售报亭每天以每份 0.4 元的价格从报社购进若干份报纸,然后以每份 1 元的价格出售,如果当 天卖不完,剩下的报纸以每份 0.1 元的价格卖给废品收购站. (Ⅰ)若售报亭一天购进 270 份报纸,求当天的利润 y (单位:元)关于当天需求量 x (单位:份, x ? N ) 的函数解析式. (Ⅱ)售报亭记录了 100 天报纸的日需求量(单位:份) ,整理得下表: 日需求量 x 频数 240 10 250 20 260 16 270 16 280 15 290 13 300 10

以 100 天记录的需求量的频率作为各销售量发生的概率. (1)若售报亭一天购进 270 份报纸, ? 表示当天的利润(单位:元) ,求 ? 的数学期望; (2)若售报亭计划每天应购进 270 份或 280 份报纸,你认为购进 270 份报纸好,还是购进 280 份报纸好? 说明理由.

20. (本小题满分 12 分) 已知点 P 为 y 轴上的动点,点 M 为 x 轴上的动点,点 F (1, 0) 为定点,且满足 PN ?

uuu r

1 uuur NM ? 0 , 2

uuur uuu r PM ? PF ? 0 .
(Ⅰ)求动点 N 的轨迹 E 的方程; (Ⅱ)过点 F 且斜率为 k 的直线 l 与曲线 E 交于两点 A , B ,试判断在 x 轴上是否存在点 C ,使得

| CA |2 ? | CB |2 ?| AB |2 成立,请说明理由.

21. (本小题满分 12 分)
第 4 页(共 25 页) 山东世纪金榜科教文化股份有限公司

世纪金榜
已知函数 f ( x) ?

圆您梦想

www.jb1000.com

1 2 ,且这两函数 x ? 2ex , g ( x) ? 3e 2 ln x ? b ( x ? R ? , e 为常数, e ? 2.71828 ) 2

的图像有公共点,并在该公共点处的切线相同. (Ⅰ)求实数 b 的值; (Ⅱ)若 1 ? x ? e 时, 2[ f ( x) ? 2ex] ?

a [2 g ( x) ? e 2 ] ? (a ? 2) x 恒成立,求实数 a 的取值范围. 2 6e

请考生在第 22,23,24 题中任选一题做答,如果多做,则按所做的第一题计分.做答时请写清题号. ....

22.(本小题满分 10 分)选修 4-1:《几何证明选讲》 已知:如图, ? O 为 ?ABC 的外接圆,直线 l 为 ? O 的切线,切点为 B ,直线 AD ∥ l ,交 BC 于 D 、 交 ? O 于 E , F 为 AC 上一点,且 ?EDC ? ?FDC . 求证: (Ⅰ) AB 2 ? BD ? BC ; (Ⅱ)点 A 、 B 、 D 、 F 共圆.
B A

l
O

g
D E

F C

23.(本小题满分 10 分)选修 4—4: 《坐标系与参数方程》 在直接坐标系 xoy 中, 直线 l 的方程为 x ? y ? 4 ? 0 , 曲线 C 的参数方程为 ?

? x ? 3 cos ? ? ( ? 为参数) ? y ? sin ? ?

(I)已知在极坐标(与直角坐标系 xoy 取相同的长度单位,且以原点 O 为极点,以 x 轴正半轴为极轴) 中,点 P 的极坐标为(4,

?
2

) ,判断点 P 与直线 l 的位置关系;

(II)设点 Q 是曲线 C 上的一个动点,求它到直线 l 的距离的最小值.

24. (本小题 满分 10 分)选修 4—5: 《不等式选讲》 已知函数 f ( x) ? x ? 2 ? x ? 5 . (I)证明: ? 3 ? f ( x) ? 3 ; (II)求不等式 f ( x) ? x ? 8 x ? 15 的解集.
2

第 5 页(共 25 页)

山东世纪金榜科教文化股份有限公司

世纪金榜

圆您梦想

www.jb1000.com

2013 高三诊断考试 数学参考答案及评分标准(理)
一、选择题:本卷共 12 小题,每小题 5 分,共 60 分。在每小题给出的四个选项中,只有一项是符合题目 要求的 题号 答案 1 C 2 D 3 D 4 A 5 B 6 A 7 C 8 B 9 D 10 C 11 B 12 B

二、填空题:本大题共 4 小题,每小题 5 分,共 20 分. 13. 0 ; 14. 60 ; 15. 4? ; 16. ?3 . 三、解答题:本大题共 6 小题,共 70 分.解答应写出文字说明,证明过程或演算步骤. 17. 解: (Ⅰ)由 a 2 ? b 2 ? c 2 ? bc ,得 ∴ cos A ? ?

b2 ? c2 ? a 2 1 ?? . 2bc 2

??????3 分

1 . 2
∴A?

∵0 ? A ?? ,

2? . 3

??????6 分

(Ⅱ)由正弦定理,得 sin B ? ∵A? ∴B ?

b 2 3 1 sin A ? ? ? . a 2 2 3 2

??????9 分

?

2? , 3
.

0? B ?? ,
∴ C ? ? ? ( A ? B) ?

?
6

6 ∴c ? b ? 2.

.

??????11 分 ??????12 分

18. (Ⅰ)证明:因为四边形 ABCD 是菱形,所以 AC ? BD . 又因为 PA ? 平面 ABCD ,所以 PA ? BD . 又 PA ? AC ? A ,所以 BD ⊥平面 PAC . 又 PC ? 平面 PAC ,所以 BD ? PC (Ⅱ)解:依题意,知 平面 PAD ? 平面 ABCD ,交线为 AD , 过点 B 作 BM ? AD ,垂足为 M ,则 BM ? 平面 PAD . 在平面 PAD 内过 M 作 MN ? PD ,垂足为 N ,连 BN , 则 PD ⊥平面 BMN ,所以 ?BNM 为二面角 A ? PD ? B 的一个平面角 . ∵ AB ? AD , ?BAD ? 60? ,
第 6 页(共 25 页) M A C B N D

??????6 分
P

??????9 分

山东世纪金榜科教文化股份有限公司

世纪金榜
∴ BM ?

圆您梦想
??????10 分

www.jb1000.com

3 AB ? 3 , 2

DM ? 1 .

又 PA ? AB ,故 MN ?

2 14 . 所以 BN ? . 2 2

??????11 分

2 MN 7 ∴ cos ?BNM ? . ? 2 ? BN 7 14 2
即二面角 A ? PD ? B 的余弦值为

7 . 7

??????12 分

19. 解:(Ⅰ)当 x ? 270 时, y ? 270 ? (1 ? 0.4) ? 162 ; 当 x ? 270 时, y ? (1 ? 0.4) x ? (270 ? x) ? 0.1 ? (270 ? x) ? 0.4 ? 0.9 x ? 81 , ∴y??

? 0.9 x ? 81, ?162,

( x ? 270) ( x ? 270)

(x ? N )

??????5 分

(Ⅱ) (1) ? 可取 135、144、153、162, 则

P(? ? 135) ? 0.1 , P(? ? 144) ? 0.2 , P(? ? 153) ? 0.16 , P(? ? 162) ? 0.54 .
∴ E? ? 135 ? 0.1 ? 144 ? 0.2 ? 153 ? 0.16 ? 162 ? 0.54 ? 154.26 . ????9 分 (2)购进报纸 280 张,当天的利润为

y ? (0.6 ? 240 ? 40 ? 0.3) ? 0.1 ? (0.6 ? 250 ? 30 ? 0.3) ? 0.2 ? (0.6 ? 260 ? 20 ? 0.3) ? 0.16 (0.6 ? 270 ? 10 ? 0.3) ? 0.16 ? 280? 0.6? 0.38 ? 154.68? 154.26,
所以每天购进 280 张报纸好 20. 解: (Ⅰ)设 N ( x, y ) ,则由 PN ? ∴ P (0, ) , ??????12 分

????

? 1 ???? NM ? 0 ,得 P 为 MN 的中点. 2

??????2 分

∴ PM ? (? x, ? ) , PF ? (1, ? ) . ∴ PM ? PF ? ? x ?

???? ?

y 2

M (? x, 0) .

y 2

??? ?

y 2

???? ??? ? ?

y2 ? 0 , 即 y2 ? 4x . 4
2

∴动点 N 的轨迹 E 的方程 y ? 4 x .
第 7 页(共 25 页)

??????5 分
山东世纪金榜科教文化股份有限公司

世纪金榜
(Ⅱ)设直线 l 的方程为 y ? k ( x ? 1) ,由 ? 设 A( x1 , y1 ) , B ( x2 , y2 ) , 则 y1 ? y2 ?
2

圆您梦想
消去 x 得 y 2 ?

www.jb1000.com

? y ? k ( x ? 1) ? y ? 4x
y1 y2 ? ?4 .

4 y ?4 ? 0. k

假设存在点 C (m, 0) 满足条件,则 CA ? ( x1 ? m, y1 ) , ∴ CA ? CB ? x1 x2 ? m( x1 ? x2 ) ? m ? y1 y2 ? (
2

??? ?

4 , k

??????6 分

??? ? CB ? ( x2 ? m, y2 ) ,

??? ??? ?

y1 y2 2 y 2 ? y2 2 ) ? m( 1 ) ? m2 ? 4 4 4

m [( y1 ? y2 ) 2 ? 2 y1 y2 ] ? m 2 ? 3 4 4 ? m 2 ? m( 2 ? 2) ? 3 . k ?? 4 ? 2) 2 ? 12 ? 0 , 2 k 4 ∴关于 m 的方程 m 2 ? m( 2 ? 2) ? 3 ? 0 有解 . k
∵? ? (
2 2 2

??????9 分

??????11 分

∴假设成立,即在 x 轴上存在点 C ,使得 | CA | ? | CB | ?| AB | 成立.????12 分 21. 解: (Ⅰ) f ?( x) ? x ? 2e , g ?( x) ? 设 f ( x) ?

3e 2 , x

1 2 x ? 2ex 与 g ( x) ? 3e 2 ln x ? b 的公共点为 ( x0 , y0 ) ,则有 2

?1 2 2 ? 2 x0 ? 2ex0 ? 3e ln x0 ? b, ? 3e 2 ? x0 ? 2e ? , ? x0 ? ? x0 ? 0. ? ?
解得 b ? ?

??????3 分

e2 . 2
2

??????5 分

e2 (Ⅱ)由(Ⅰ)知 g ( x) ? 3e ln x ? , 2
所以 2[ f ( x) ? 2ex] ?

a [2 g ( x) ? e 2 ] ? x 2 ? a ln x . 6e 2

2 2 ∴有 1 ? x ? e 时, x ? a ln x ? (a ? 2) x 恒成立,即 a ( x ? ln x) ? x ? 2 x 恒成立.

∵ 1 ? x ? e , ∴ ln x ? 1 ? x ,且等号不能同时成立,∴ x ? ln x ? 0 .

第 8 页(共 25 页)

山东世纪金榜科教文化股份有限公司

世纪金榜
∴a ?

圆您梦想
??????8 分

www.jb1000.com

x2 ? 2x 在 1 ? x ? e 时恒成立. x ? ln x x2 ? 2x ( 1 ? x ? e ),则 x ? ln x

设 h( x ) ?

1 (2 x ? 2)( x ? ln x) ? ( x 2 ? 2 x)(1 ? ) x ? ( x ? 1)( x ? 2 ? 2 ln x) . h?( x) ? 2 ( x ? ln x) ( x ? ln x) 2
显然 x ? 1 ? 0 ,又 ln x ? 1 ,∴ x ? 2 ? 2 ln x ? 0 . 所以 h?( x) ? 0 (仅当 x ? 1 时取等号). ∴ h( x ) ?

x2 ? 2x 在 [1, e] 上为增函数 . x ? ln x e 2 ? 2e . e ?1 e 2 ? 2e , ??) . e ?1

??????11 分

故 h( x) max ? h(e) ?

所以实数 a 的取值范围是 [

??????12 分

22. 证明:⑴∵直线 l 为 ? O 的切线, ∴∠1= ?ACB . ∵ AD ∥ l , ∴∠1=∠ DAB . ∴ ?ACB = ?DAB , 又∵ ?ABC = ?DBA , ∴ ?ABC ∽ ?DAB . ∴

AB BC . ? DB AB
??????5 分

∴ AB 2 ? BD ? BC . (Ⅱ)由(Ⅰ)可知 ?BAC ? ?ADB . ∵ ?EDC ? ?FDC ,

?EDC ? ?ADB ,

∴ ?BAC ? ?FDC . ∴ ?BAC ? ?FDB ? ?FDC ? ?FDB ? 180°. ∴点 A 、 B 、 D 、 F 共圆. 23. 解: (I)把极坐标系下的点 P (4, ??????10 分

?
2

) 化为直角坐标,得 P(0, 4) .

因为点 P 的直角坐标(0,4)满足直线 l 的方程 x ? y ? 4 ? 0 , 所以点 P 在直线 l 上.
第 9 页(共 25 页)

??????5 分
山东世纪金榜科教文化股份有限公司

世纪金榜

圆您梦想

www.jb1000.com

(II)设点 Q 的坐标为 ( 3 cos ? ,sin ? ) ,则点 Q 到直线 l 的距离为

| 3 cos ? ? sin ? ? 4 | d? ? 2
由此得,当 cos(? ?

2 cos(? ? ) ? 4 ? 6 ? 2 cos(? ? ) ? 2 2 . 6 2
??????10 分

?

?
6

) ? ?1 时, d 取得最小值,且最小值为 2 .

24. 解: (I)证明:当 x ? 2 时, f ( x) ? 2 ? x ? (5 ? x) ? ?3 ; 当 2 ? x ? 5 时, f ( x) ? x ? 2 ? (5 ? x) ? 2 x ? 7 ,所以 ?3 ? f ( x) ? 3 ; 当 x ? 5 时, f ( x) ? x ? 2 ? ( x ? 5) ? 3 . 所以 ? 3 ? f ( x) ? 3 . (II)由(I)可知, 当 x ? 2 时, f ( x) ? x ? 8 x ? 15 ? x ? 8 x ? 18 ? 0 ? ( x ? 4) ? 2 ? 0 ,
2 2 2

??????5 分

∴ f ( x) ? x ? 8 x ? 15 的解集为空集;
2

当 2 ? x ? 5 时, f ( x) ? x 2 ? 8 x ? 15 ? x 2 ? 10 x ? 22 ? 0 ? 5 ? 3 ? x ? 5 ? 3 , ∴ f ( x) ? x ? 8 x ? 15 的解集为 {x | 5 ? 3 ? x ? 5} ;
2

当 x ? 5 时, f ( x) ? x ? 8 x ? 15 ? x ? 8 x ? 12 ? 0 ? 2 ? x ? 6 ,
2 2

∴ f ( x) ? x ? 8 x ? 15 的解集为 {x | 5 ? x ? 6} .
2

综上,不等式 f ( x) ? x ? 8 x ? 15 的解集为 {x | 5 ? 3 ? x ? 6} . ??????10 分
2

2013 年高三诊断考试

物理能力测试
注意事项: 1.本试卷分第 I 卷(选择题)和第 II 卷(非选择题)两部分。 2.本卷满分 300 分,考试用时 150 分钟。
第 10 页(共 25 页) 山东世纪金榜科教文化股份有限公司

世纪金榜
3.答题全部在答题纸上完成,试卷上答题无效。

圆您梦想

www.jb1000.com

第Ⅰ卷
二、选择题:本大题共 8 小题,每小题 6 分。在每小题给出的四个选项中,有的只有一项符合题目要求, 有的有多项符合题目要求。全部选对的得 6 分,选对但不全的得 3 分,有选错的得 0 分。 14.下列关于物理学发展史的说法中正确的是 A.伽利略通过大量实验,发现只要斜面的倾角一定,不同质量的小球从不同高度开始滚动,小球的 加速度都是相同的 B.奥斯特为了解释磁体产生的磁场提出了分子电流假说 C.楞次在对理论基础和实验资料进行严格分析后,提出了电磁感应定律 D.美国物理学家密立根经过多次实验,比较准确地测定了电子的电荷量 15.一正弦交流电的电压随时间变化的规律如右图所示。由图可知 A.该交流电的电压瞬时值的表达式为 u=100sin 25π t (V) B.该交流电的频率为 25 Hz C.该交流电的电压的有效值为 100 2 V D.若将该交流电压加在阻值为 R=100 Ω 的电阻两端, 则电阻消耗的功率为 50 W v 16.从同一地点同时开始沿同一直线运动的两个物体Ⅰ、Ⅱ v2 的速度图象如图所示。在 0—t0 时间内,下列说法中正确 Ⅰ 的是 A.Ⅰ、Ⅱ两个物体所受的合外力都在不断减小 Ⅱ B. Ⅰ物体的加速度不断增大, Ⅱ物体的加速度不断减小 v1 C.Ⅰ、Ⅱ两个物体在 t1 时刻相遇

v ? v2 D.Ⅰ、Ⅱ两个物体的平均速度大小都是 1 2

t

O

t1

t0

17.同步卫星轨道半径为 r,运行速率为 v1,加速度为 a1;地球赤道上的物体随地球自转的向心加速度为 a2,线速度为 v2;地球半径为 R。则下列关系式正确的是 A.

O

a1 r = a2 R

B.

a1 R 2 =( ) a2 r

C.

v1 R = v2 r

D.

v1 R = r v2

18.如图,匀强电场方向水平向右,场强 E,丝线长 L,上端系于 O 点,下端系质量为 m 带电量为+q 的 小球,已知 Eq=mg。现将小球从最低点 A 由静止释放,则 A.小球可到达水平位置 B.当悬线与水平呈 45° 角时小球的速度最大 C.小球在运动过程中机械能守恒 D.小球速度最大时悬线上的张力为 (3 2 ? 2) mg
A O

E m +q

19.悬崖跳水是一项极具挑战性的极限运动,需要运动员具有非凡的胆量和过硬的技术。跳水运动员进入 水中后受到水的阻力而做减速运动,设质量为 m 的运动员刚入水时的速度为 v,水对他的阻力大小恒 为 F,那么在他减速下降深度为 h 的过程中,下列说法正确的是(g 为当地的重力加速度) A.他的动能减少了 ( F ? mg )h C.他的机械能减少了 Fh B.他的重力势能减小了 mgh ? D.他的机械能减少了 mgh

1 2 mv 2

20.如图所示,物块 A 放在倾斜的木板上,已知木板的倾角 α 分别为 30° 45° 和 时物块所受摩擦力的大小 恰好相等,则物块和木板间的动摩擦因数为
第 11 页(共 25 页) 山东世纪金榜科教文化股份有限公司

世纪金榜
1 A. 2 B. 3 2 C.

圆您梦想
2 2 D. 5 2

www.jb1000.com

21.如图所示,有一等腰直角三角形的区域,其斜边长为 2L,高为 L。在该区域内分布着如图所示的磁场, 左侧磁场方向垂直纸面向外,右侧磁场方向垂直纸面向里,磁感应强度大小均为 B。一边长为 L、总 电阻为 R 的正方形导线框 abcd,从图示位置开始沿 x 轴正方向以速度 v 匀速穿过磁场区域。取沿顺时 针的感应电流方向为正,由图乙中表示线框中电流 i 随 bc 边的位置坐标 x 变化的图象正确的是

第Ⅱ卷
三、非选择题:包括必考题和选考题两部分。第 22 题~第 32 题为必考题,每个试题考生都必须做答。第 33 题~第 40 题为选考题,考生根据要求做答。 (一)必考题(11 小题,共 129 分) 22. 分) (5 (1) 分)用螺旋测微器测量一根金属丝的直径,如图所示的 (2 读数是 mm. (2) 分)关于“探究功与速度变化的关系”的实验,下列叙述正确的是 (3 A.通过改变橡皮筋的条数来改变拉力对小车做功的数值 B.通过改变橡皮筋的长度来改变拉力对小车做功的数值 C.通过打点计时器打下的纸带来测定小车加速过程中获得的最大速度 D.通过打点计时器打下的纸带来测定小车加速过程中获得的平均速度 23. (10 分) 某同学要测量一节旧电池的电动势和内阻,实验器材仅有一个电流表、一个电阻箱、一个开关和导线 若干,该同学按如图所示电路进行实验,测得的数据如下表所示。
实验次数 R(Ω) I(A) 1 4.0 1.00 1.0 2 10.0 0.50 2.0 3 16.0 0.34 2.9 4 22.0 0.25 4.0 5 28.0 0.20

A E r

R

1 I

(A-1)

5.0

(1)为了便于分析,一般采用线性图象处理数据,请写出与线
第 12 页(共 25 页) 山东世纪金榜科教文化股份有限公司

世纪金榜
性图象对应的物理量 R-

圆您梦想


www.jb1000.com

1 间的函数关系式 I

(2)利用测得的数据在坐标纸上画出适当的图象; (3)由图象可知,该电池的电动势 E= V,内阻 r= Ω;

(4)利用该实验电路测出的电动势 E 测和内阻 r 测与真实值 E 真 和 r 真相比,理论上 E 测 (选填“>”“<”或“=”。 、 ) 24. (14 分) 如图所示, 倾角为?=30?的光滑斜面与光滑水平面间有光滑小圆弧衔接。 将小球甲从斜面上高 h=0.05m 处的 A 点由静止释放, 同时小球乙从距离 B 点 L=0.4m 的 C 点以速度 v0 沿水平面向左匀速运动。 甲开始运 2 动后经过 t=1s 刚好追上乙。求:小球乙的速度 v0。 取 10m/s ) (g A 甲 E 真,r 测 r真

v0 25. (18 分)



h

?
L

C B 在 xOy 平面内,第Ⅲ象限 内的直线 OM 是电场与磁场的边界, OM 与 x 轴负 方向成 45° 角。在 x<0 且 OM 的左侧空间存在着 x 轴负方向的匀强电场,场强大小为 E=50N/C,在 y<0 且 OM 的右侧空间存在着垂直纸面向里的匀强磁场,磁感应强 度 的 大 小为 B=0.2T,如图所示。一不计重力的带负电的微粒,从坐 标原点 O 沿 y 轴负方向以 v0=4× 3m/s 的初速度进入磁场,已知微粒的带电荷量 10 - - 为 q=-4× 18C,质量为 m=1× 24kg。求: 10 10 (1)带电微粒第一次经过磁场边界时的位置坐标及经过 磁场边界时的速度方向; (2)带电微粒最终离开电、磁场区域时的位置坐标; (3)带电微粒在电、磁场区域运动的总时间(结果可以 保留 ? )。 (二)选考题:共 45 分。请考生从给出的 3 道物理题、3 道化学题、2 道生物题中每科任选一题做答,并 在答题卡上把所选题目的题号涂黑。注意所做题目的题号必须与所涂题目的题号一致,在答题卡选 答区域指定位置答题,如果多做,则每学科按所做的第一题计分。 33.[物理——选修 3-3] (15 分) (1) 分)下列说法中正确的是 (5 A. 对于一定质量的理想气体,当温度升高时,分子的平均动能增大,则气体的压强一定增大 B. 对于一定质量的理想气体,当体积减小时,单位体积的分子数增多,则气体的压强一定增大 C. 压缩一定质量的理想气体,其内能一定增加 D. 分子 a 从很远处趋近固定不动的分子 b,当分子 a 运动到与分子 b 的相互作用力为零时,分子 a 的动能一定最大 (2) (10 分)最近一个阶段我国中东部一些地区空气污染严重,出现了持续的雾霾天气。一位同学受桶装 纯净水的启发,提出用桶装的净化压缩空气供气,设每人 1min 内呼吸 16 次,每次吸入 1 atm 的净化 空气 500mL,而每个桶能装 10 atm 的净化空气 20L,假定这些空气可以全部被使用,设温度不变,
第 13 页(共 25 页) 山东世纪金榜科教文化股份有限公司

世纪金榜

圆您梦想

www.jb1000.com

估算一下每人每天需要吸多少桶净化空气。 34.[物理——选修 3-4](15 分) (1) 分) 如图所示,沿 x 轴正方向传播的一列横波在 (5 y/cm a 时刻的波形图为一正弦曲线,其波速为 200m/s,下列 20 法正确的是 A.从图示时刻开始,质点b比质点a先到平衡位置 B.从图示时刻开始,经0.01s质点a通过的路程为 0 1 2 0.4m C.若该波波源从0点沿x轴正向运动,则在x=2000m -20 处接收到的波的频率将小于50Hz D.若该波传播中遇到宽约3m的障碍物能发生明显 的衍射现象 (2) (10分)如图所示,半圆形玻璃砖的半径R,折射率为 2 ,直径 幕垂直并接触于B点。激光束a以入射角i=30° 射向半圆玻璃砖的圆 果屏幕MN上出现两个光斑。求两个光斑之间的距离L。

某 说

3

4 b

5

6 x/m

AB与屏 心O, 结

35. [物理——选修 3-5] (15 分) (1) 分)在氢原子光谱中,电子从较高能级跃迁到 n=2 能级发出的 (5 谱线属 于巴尔末系。若一群氢原子自发跃迁时发出的谱线中只有两条属于巴尔末系,则这群氢原子自发跃 迁时最多可能发出多少条不同频率的谱线 A. 2 B. 5 C. 4 D. 6 (2) (10 分)如图所示,光滑的水平面上有两块相同的长木板 A 和 B,长均为 l =0.5m,在 B 的右端有一 个可以看作质点的小铁块 C, 三者的质量都为 m, 与 A、 间的动摩擦因数都为 μ。 C B 现在 A 以速度 ν0=6m/s 向右运动并与 B 相碰,撞击时间极短,碰后 A、B 粘在一起运动,而 C 可以在 A、B 上滑动,问:如 果 μ=0.5,则 C 会不会掉下地面?(g=10m/s2)

2013 年高三诊断考试 物理能力测试参考答案及评分标准
第Ⅰ卷
二、选择题:本大题共 8 小题,每小题 6 分。在每小题给出的四个选项中,有的只有一项符合题目要求, 有的有多项符合题目要求。全部选对的得 6 分,选对但不全的得 3 分,有选错的得 0 分。 14 .AD 15.BD 16.A 17.A 18.ABD 19.AC 20.C 21.D

第Ⅱ卷
三、非选择题:包括必考题和选考题两部分。第 22 题~第 32 题为必考题,每个试题考生都必须做答。第 33 题~第 40 题为选考题,考生根据要求做答。 (一)必考题(11 小题,共 129 分) 22. 分) (5
第 14 页(共 25 页) 山东世纪金榜科教文化股份有限公司

世纪金榜
(1) 0.680mm (2 分) 23. (10 分) (1) R ?

圆您梦想

www.jb1000.com

(2)AC (3 分)

E ?r I

(2 分)

(2)图略 (2 分)

(3)6.0v(5.5—6.5 均给分) 分) (2 , 2.0Ω(1.8—2.2 均给分) 分) (2 (4)E 测 = E 真,r 测 > r 真 (2 分) 24.(14 分) 解:设小球甲在光滑斜面上运动的加速度为 a,运动时间为 t1,运动到 B 处时的速度为 v1,从 B 处到追上 小球乙所用时间为 t2,则 a=gsin 30° m/s2 =5 由 (2 分) (4 分) (2 分)

h 1 2 ? at1 得 t1 ? sin 30? 2

4h =0.2 s a

v1=at1=1 m/s

t2=t-t1=0.8 s (2 分) v0t+L=v1t2 (2 分) 代入数据解得:v0=0.4 m/s (2 分) 25.(18 分) 解:(1)第一次经过磁场边界上的 A 点,由洛伦兹力公式和牛顿第二定律得: v2 0 qv0B=m r mv0 - 解得:r= =5× 3m 10 qB
- -

(2 分) (2 分) (1 分)

A 点位置坐标为(-5× 3m,-5× 3m) 10 10 经过磁场边界时速度方向与 OM 夹角为 450;与电场平行。 (2)微粒从 C 点沿 y 轴正方向进入电场,做类平抛运动 qE a= ,解得:a=2.0× 8m/s2 10 m 1 Δx= at2=2r 2 1 解得:t1=1× 5s 10


(1 分) (2 分) (1 分) (2 分) (1 分)

Δy=v0t1 代入数据解得 Δy=0.04m - - y=Δy-2r=(0.04-2× 10 3)m=3.0× 2m 5× 10 - 离开电、磁场时的位置 D 的坐标为(0,3.0× 2m ) 10 2πm (3)带电微粒在磁场中运动的周期 T= qB 1 3 在磁场中运动的时间 t2=tOA+tAC= T+ T 4 4 代入数据解得:t2=T=

?
4

?10 ?5 s

(2 分)

带电微粒第一次进入电场中做直线运动的时间 v0 - t3=2 =4.0× 5s 10 a 带电微粒在电、磁场区域运动的总时间 t=t1+t2+t3= (5 ? (2 分)

?
4

) ?10 ?5 s

(2 分) 化 学

(二)选考题:共 45 分。请考生从给出的 3 道物理题、3 道
第 15 页(共 25 页)

山东世纪金榜科教文化股份有限公司

世纪金榜

圆您梦想

www.jb1000.com

题、2 道题中每科任选一题做答,并在答题卡上把所选题目的题号涂黑。注意所做题目的题号必须 与所涂题目的题号一致,在答题卡选答区域指定位置答题,如果多做,则每学科按所做的第一题计 分。 33. [物理——选修 3-3] (15 分) (1)D (2) 每人每天吸入 1atm 的净化空气的体积为

V ? (16 ? 60 ? 24) ? 500 mL ? 1.152 ?10 6 mL ? 1.152 ?10 3 L
由玻意耳定律可知,每桶 10atm 的净化空气转化为 1atm 的体积为 PV ? P?V ? V ? ? 10 ? 20 L ? 200 L 故每人每天需要净化空气的桶数为 n ? V ? 1.52 ? 10 ? 57.6 ? 58
3

(4 分)

(4 分) (2 分)

V?

200

34. [物理——选修 3-4](15 分) (1) BD (2) 入射光线一部分折射一部分反射,设折射光线在屏幕上形成的光斑距 B 点的距离为 L1,反射光线在 屏幕上形成的光斑距 B 点的距离为 L2,折射角为 r, 由折射定律

sin r ? n ,得 r=45° sin i

(2 分)

L1=R

(2 分) (3 分) (3 分)

由反射定律得 反射角等于入射角,L2=Rtan60° 3 R =

L ? L1 ? L2 ? ( 3 ? 1) R

35. [物理——选修 3-5] (15 分) (1)D (2) 不会掉下来 设 A、B 碰撞后速度为 v1,若 C 不滑下来,A、B、C 相对静止时速度为 v2,C 在 AB 上滑行的距离 为 s,由动量守恒得

mv0 ? 2mv1
mv0 ? 3mv2
有能量守恒得 因为 s<2L

v1 ? 3m / s

(2 分) (2 分) s=0.6m (4 分) (2 分)

v2 ? 2 m / s

1 1 2 2 2mv1 ? 3mv2 ? ?mgs 2 2
所以 C 不会掉下去

2013 年高三诊断考试英语
注意事项: 1. 本试卷分第一卷(选择题)和第二卷(非选择题)两部分。 2. 本试卷满分 120 分,考试用时 100 分钟。 3. 答题全部在答题纸上完成,试卷上答题无效。 第 I 卷(选择题,共 85 分)

第 16 页(共 25 页)

山东世纪金榜科教文化股份有限公司

世纪金榜
第一部分 英语知识运用(共两节,满分 45 分)

圆您梦想

www.jb1000.com

第一节 单项填空 (共 15 小题; 每小题 1 分,满分 15 分) 从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。 1.The worried lady made on the table. A.a; the B.a;a C.the; the it. C.have finished D . will D.the; a 2.—Lucy, how are you getting on with your composition? —I have rewritten it so many times that I wonder if I A.finish finish 3.It is high time that we started to consider what caused by traffic fumes and other pollutions. A. affection A. largely A.might 6.If the island deaths. A.remained B.would remain C.has remained D.is to remain in the whole world and we can D. left out made villagers D. where; which 7.We hope one day all the violence and poverty will be live a really harmonious life. A. put out wild with joy. A. which; that B. that; what C. that; which 9.—Can you come up with another good idea? —This is the best approach I can imagine the work ahead of schedule. A. to accomplish B. to accomplishing C. accomplishing D. accomplished 10.—Our physics teacher is as humorous as he is intelligent. —It could never be .I like him so much. A.truer B.true C.the truest D.as true 11.The living room is clean and tidy, with a dining table already for a meal to be cooked. A. reserved B. swept C. decorated D. laid 12.Being more realistic, the elderly have learned to focus on things that make them happy and let go of that don't. A.them B.it C.that D.those 13.Everything was placed exactly it used to be before she left the laboratory. A.why B.when C.where D.though 14.He jumped at the opportunity when he saw the advertisement in a newspaper, because barely _____ make ends meet. A.he could B.could he C.he couldn’t D.shouldn’t he 15.—Do you think that we should make preparations for the competition in advance? —Exactly. . A.Actions speak louder than words B.Fight no battle unprepared C.Better late than never D.Well begun, half done
第 17 页(共 25 页) 山东世纪金榜科教文化股份有限公司

second thorough search of her pockets before finding

purse

B.finished

we should take to reduce heavy smog D. advantages D. fortunately D.will

B. attention B. regularly B.could

C. measures their own fault. C. properly C.shall

4.However, they can hardly blame me; it is 5.One of our rules is that every student

wear the school uniform while at school.

a tourist attraction, last week's earthquake would have caused far more

B. given out

C. wiped out

8.The news spread quickly through the village

the war had ended,

世纪金榜

圆您梦想

www.jb1000.com

第二节 完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项 (A、B、C 和 D) 中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。 The other day, an old friend of mine, whom I haven’t seen for a very long time, called me. What we mainly talked about was about all the good old times. But later we turned to his father. His father’s 16 health made him stay at the hospital. Because of his illness, his father suffered from insomnia (失眠) and often 17 himself. My friend, who had not been able to sleep for a few days 18 he had to keep watching his father’s condition, became irritated and told his father to keep 19 and try to get some sleep. His father said that he 20 wanted to sleep well because he was very tired and told my friend to leave him alone in the hospital if he did not want to keep him 21 . After his father finished talking, he fell 22 . My friend was very sorry for speaking the 23 words towards his father. My friend, whom I knew as a tough person, cried as a baby on the other end of the 24 . He said that from that moment on, he 25 every day, asking God to let his father wake up from his coma. He promised himself that whatever words came out from his father’s mouth after he regained his consciousness, he would gladly 26 them. His only hope for God was to give him a chance to correct his past mistake. 27 we complain when we have to accompany or watch over our parents for years, months, days, hours or even minutes. 28 do we realize that our parents keep us company and watch over us for as long as we (or they ) live? From the day we were born to our adulthood, and even when 29 come to us, they are always 30 . Imagine how sad our parents will be when they hear a / an 31 innocent word of “no” come out from our mouths. We can make promises to ourselves that from now on there will be 32 that come out from our mouths when we have to watch over or accompany our parents. There are 33 many 34 ones who have neither fathers nor mothers. They long to have the things that we most complain about, but never have them. 35 , it takes only a second to think and light the lamp that will bring us to a place where peace is dwelling. 16.A. declined B. declining C. worsened D. worsted 17.A. talked of 18.A. when 19.A. seated 20.A. ever 21.A. silence 22.A. unconscious 23.A. sick 24.A. street 25.A. prayed 26.A. listen to 27.A. Surprisingly 28.A. And 29.A. deaths 30.A. at their side 31.A. really 32.A. not more words C. no more complaints 33.A. good 34.A. lucky
第 18 页(共 25 页)

B. said to B. while B. calm B. even B. company B. asleep B. dirty B. hospital B. uttered B. take B. However B. Although B. diseases B. at our side B. seemingly C. But

C. talked to C. immediately C. still C. exactly C. talking C. away C. ill C. college C. begged C. record C. Often D. So C. failures C. around the corner C. apparently B. no more words D. not more complaints C. great C. happy D. so D. unhappy D. big

D. said for D. as D. silent D. really D. sleeping D. apart D. telephone D. compromised D. hear D. Seldom D. setbacks D. in hand D. unexpectedly

B. such B. unlucky

山东世纪金榜科教文化股份有限公司

世纪金榜
35.A. Eventually B. Fortunately

圆您梦想
C. Actually

www.jb1000.com

D. Frankly

第二部分 阅读理解( 共两节,满分 40 分) 第一节(共 15 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出最佳选项。 A Once again, I was in a new school. So was a girl in my class named Paris. That's where the similarities ended. I was tall and she was small. My thick, black hair had been recently cut short. Her natural blonde hair flowed to her waist and looked great. I was awkward and shy. She wasn't. I couldn't stand her. I considered her my enemy. She liked me. She wanted to be friends. One day, she invited me over and I said yes — I was too shocked to answer any other way. No one had invited me over to play. But this girl who wore the latest fashions wanted me to go home with her after school. I got very surprised when she led me into an apartment building. She lived on the fourth floor in a two-room place with her mother, her stepfather, her two brothers and her sister. When we got to the room she shared with her sister, she took out a big case of Barbies — which was my next surprise. I would have thought she'd outgrown them. I had never played with them. But we sat on the floor of a walk-in closet, laughing as we made up crazy stories about the Barbies. That's when we found out that we both wanted to be writers when we were older and we both had wild imaginations. We had a great day that afternoon. Our jaws ached from smiling so much. She showed me her wardrobe, which had mostly come from a designer clothing store down the block. The woman who owned it used her as a model sometimes for her newspaper ads and gave her clothes in exchange. Paris had the whole neighborhood charmed. The bookstore owners lent her fashion magazines, the movie theater gave her free passes and the pizza place let her have free slices. Soon I was included in her magic world. We slept over at each other's houses, spent every free moment together. My dark hair grew out and I learned to love being tall. Paris, my first real friend since childhood, taught me an amazing and very surprising thing about making friends: that your worst enemy can turn out to be your best friend. 36.The writer and Paris were similar in that . A. they were both new students B. both of them were friendly C. both of them were tall D. they were both the youngest in class 37.In the article the writer described Paris as a girl who was . A. awkward and shy B. fashionable and proud C. quiet and lonely D. friendly and lovely 38.What did the writer learn from Paris? A. How to make best use of her neighborhood. B. How to dress and look fashionable. C. How to become a good writer. D. How to make friends. 39.From the article, we can see that through her friendship with Paris, the writer . A. found she and Paris had more similarities than differences B. was able to fit in at her new school with Paris’ help C. was not so awkward or shy as before D. learned more about fashion herself B “I like your smile, but unlike you put your shoes on my face”. A charming way of saying “Keep off the grass”. But could you figure it out? Or this: “Wash Clothing Store” for laundry.
第 19 页(共 25 页) 山东世纪金榜科教文化股份有限公司

世纪金榜

圆您梦想

www.jb1000.com

They are both typical Chinglish, a combination of English vocabulary and Chinese grammar. Expressions such as “people mountain people sea”, means extremely crowded, and “give you some color to see”, meaning a punishment, are widely known and recognized. Chinglish has been attracting global attention in recent years as China grows rapidly in stature on the world stage, attracting both fans and detractors. The Beijing Speaks Foreign Languages Programme and English First China Company, a language trainer known as EF Education, jointly launched a campaign to root out poor grammar and misused vocabulary in downtown Beijing. They argue Chinglish is an embarrassment that we should let it die out at all costs. “It is meaningful, to allow the capital show its most beautiful historical and cultural heritage to the world." Michael Lu, vice-president of EF Education said, “since the launching of the campaign, foreign teachers and students had been very keen to volunteer participation.” He believed signs were very important in public services. "The signs in some old buildings confused foreign visitors. Chinglish, although the target of much criticism, has also won supporters who regard it as an interesting way for foreigners to learn how Chinese people think and express themselves. “Many Chinglish logos carry Chinese elements and they will enrich the English language,” 32-year-old Oliver Radtke said. He had even published a book “Chinglish: Found in Translation,” on the subject. About 50,000 copies of the book have been sold since it was published in 2007. Some Chinese university experts also side with Chinglish. "English has absorbed elements from other languages such as French and Spanish in its growth, and the emergence of Chinglish again testifies to the language’s vitality and inclusiveness," said Shi Anbin, an associate professor of Tsinghua University. 40.How did Chinglish come into being? A. Chinese people misunderstood the meaning of the new words. B. Chinese people combined English vocabulary with Chinese grammar. C. Chinese people based their English on the native English speakers. D. Chinese people make wide use of English vocabulary with bad spelling. 41.What Shi Anbin said means . A. there are many French and Spanish words in English B. English is the language with vitality and inclusiveness C. Chinglish enriches English and shouldn’t be got rid of D. Chinglish has greater effect on English than French and Spanish 42.According to Oliver Radtke, Chinglish . A. shows how Chinese people think B. does damage to the English language C. shows the great humor of Chinese people D. should be sold to all over the world C Dogs can know the meaning of a human perspective, say researchers. Dogs are more capable of understanding situations from a human's point of view than has previously been recognized, according to researchers. They found dogs were four times more likely to steal food they had been forbidden, when lights were turned off so humans in the room could not see. This suggested the dogs were able to alter their behavior when they knew their owners' perspective had changed. The study, published in Animal Cognition, conducted tests on eighty-four dogs. The experiments had been trying to find whether dogs could make their behavior suitable to react to the changed circumstances of their human owners. It wanted to see if dogs had a "flexible understanding" that could show they understood the viewpoint of a human.
第 20 页(共 25 页) 山东世纪金榜科教文化股份有限公司

世纪金榜

圆您梦想

www.jb1000.com

It found that when the lights were turned off, dogs in a room with their human owners were much more likely to disobey and steal forbidden food. The study says it is "unlikely that the dogs simply forgot that the human was in the room" when there was no light. Instead it seems as though the dogs were able to differentiate between when the human was unable or able to see them. Juliane Kaminski carried out the research into how dogs are influenced by human circumstances. Dr Juliane Kaminski, from the University of Portsmouth's psychology department, said the study was "incredible because it implies dogs understand the human can't see them, meaning they might understand the human perspective". Previous studies have suggested that although humans might think that they can recognize different expressions on their dogs' faces, this is often inaccurate and a projection of human emotions. “Humans constantly attribute certain qualities and emotions to other living things. We know that our own dog is clever or sensitive, but that's us thinking, not them,” said Dr Kaminski. “These results suggest humans might be right, where dogs are concerned, but we still can't be completely sure if the results mean dogs have a truly flexible understanding of the mind and others' minds. It has always been assumed only humans had this ability. 43.According to the passage, which of the following is TRUE? A. The researchers made the test on dogs in eighty-four countries. B. Dogs always obey and don’t steal forbidden food. C. Dogs may adapt their behavior in response to the changed circumstances. D. The research is carried out to find out how dogs are influenced by light. 44.Which of the following can best serve as the title of the passage? A. Dogs---Our Loyal Companions Understand Us Most. B. Dogs Are Our Best Friends. C. Dogs Can Understand Us In a Way, Researchers Say. D. Dogs Have Certain Qualities and Emotions of Human Beings, Researchers Say. 45. Where can we probably read this kind of articles? A. Textbooks. B. Advertisements. C. Instructions. D. Magazines. 46.This passage can be classified as . A. an argumentative writing B. a feature story C. a dog show review D. a research result D In every British town, large and small, you will find shops that sell second-hand goods. Sometimes such shops deal mostly in furniture, sometimes in books, sometimes in ornaments and household goods, sometimes even in clothes. The furniture may often be “antique”, and it may well have changed hands many times. It may also be very valuable, although the most valuable piece will usually go to the London salerooms, where one piece might well be sold for hundreds of thousands of pounds. As you look around these shops and see the polished wood of chests and tables, you cannot help thinking of those long-dead hands which polished that wood, of those now-closed eyes which once looked at these pieces with love. The books, too, may be antique and very precious; some may be rare first printings. Often when someone dies or has to move house, his books may all be sold, so that sometimes you may find whole libraries in one shop. On the border between England and Wales, there is a town which has become a huge bookshop as well. Even the cinema and castle have been taken over, and now books have replaced sheep as the town’s main trade. There are also much more humble shops, sometimes simply called “junk shops”, where you can buy small household pieces very cheaply. Sometimes the profits from these shops go to charity.
第 21 页(共 25 页) 山东世纪金榜科教文化股份有限公司

世纪金榜

圆您梦想

www.jb1000.com

Even these pieces, though, can make you feel sad; you think of those people who once treasured them, but who have moved on, to another country or to death. Although the British do not worship their ancestors, they do treasure the past and the things of the past. This is true of houses as well. These days no one knocks them down; they are restored until they are often better than new. In Britain, people do not buy something just because it is new. Old things are treasured for their proven worth; new things have to prove themselves before they are accepted. 47.Books found in second-hand book shops may _____. A.be copies of the earliest printing C.never be worth very much A.they are too expensive for average buyers owner C.they are now neglected paragraph? A.invention B.possession C.material D.relic 50.According to the passage, the British people_____. A.do not respect old things because they are not fashionable B.like to build new houses simply because it is fashionable to do so C.like to buy new things because they are fashionable D.do not like to buy things simply because they are fashionable 第二节(共 5 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 10 分) 根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。 College life can become a great struggle because students have to balance school, a social life, and sometimes a job as well. The following steps could help the grades of college students. Go to class. Why did your parents pay for your tuition or why are your parents paying their taxes for financial aid? Even when you don't feel like attending class, just go. class. If you are not there, you might lose points. 52 College is all about multitasking. Planners can really help you to balance homework, due dates and tests. You should try to get your work done early, then you will have less stress. Be business-like about your education. If you had a job you would have to go to your job at 9am and stay there until 5pm. 53 If you did the same thing in college, you would be great. Go to class, go to the library, study seriously, at 5pm put away the books and go home. Once in a while you might have to work late, just like at a real job. 54 Everyone studies in different ways. Some can study with a lot of noise and others want silence. Some can't even study with music on and some need dead silence. Some like the library and some like to study with friends, or even outside. 55 A.Stay organized. B.Always try to keep a positive attitude and have confidence. C.You might get participation points, and the professor will also get to know you better. D.The rest of the day would be your own time.
第 22 页(共 25 页) 山东世纪金榜科教文化股份有限公司

B.be on sale for the first time D.never be rare B . they remind you of the original D.they are sold for charity

48.Second-hand goods sometimes fill you with sadness because_____.

49.Which of the following word can best take the place of the word “antique” in the second

51

Many

classes have in class assignments, pop quizzes, and case studies that only could be taken in

世纪金榜
F.Find your own best method of studying. G.Making friends with your classmates. 第 II 卷 (非选择题,共 35 分) 第三部分 写作(共两节, 满分 35 分)

圆您梦想

www.jb1000.com

E.Use your time effectively and efficiently.

第一节 短文改错 (共 10 小题;每小题 1 分, 满分 10 分) 短文改错要求及原题见答题纸。 第二节 书面表达 (满分 25 分) 假定你是李华,你通过 MSN 得知去年曾在你校客座教授英语的 Jack Wood 最近在打篮球时摔倒严重 伤了右肩, 你很挂念他的伤情并告知他你看到了他的博客 (Traveling Along The Old Silk Road in Gansu) 。 请你依据以下内容给他写一封信,内容主要包括: 1. 慰问他的伤情; 2. 简要评论他的博客; 3. 对他曾经的教学印象深刻,获益匪浅,希望今后多联系。 注意:1. 词数 100 左右; 2. 可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。 3.开头及结尾已为你写好,不计入总词数。 Dear Jack Wood, How worried I am to hear the news that you had your right shoulder injured seriously after falling down while playing basketball.

Sincerely yours, Li Hua

2013 年高三诊断考试
第 23 页(共 25 页) 山东世纪金榜科教文化股份有限公司

世纪金榜
英语参考答案及评分参考

圆您梦想

www.jb1000.com

第一部分 英语知识运用(共两节,满分 45 分) 1—5 ADCAC 6—10 ACCBA 11—15 DDCBB 16—20 BCDBD 21—25 BACDA 26—30 BCCAB 31—35 BCDBC 第二部分 阅读理解( 共两节,满分 40 分) 36—39 ADDC 40—42 BCA 43—46 CCBD 47—50 ABDD 51—55 CADFB 第三部分 写作(共两节, 满分 35 分) 第一节 As is known to all, with the improvement of people living standards, cars have become a people’s popular mean of transport, bringing great convenience to our lives. However, they have also means / way life cause some problems such as air pollution and traffic jams. When can we solve the problems caused How then? As far as I ∧ concerned, riding bicycles is a good solution. For one thing, bicycles don’t am need any petrol and they are energy–saving. For another, bicycles are environmentally friend friendly because it won’t give off waste gas. What’s the more, riding bicycles is good to our health. they So my friends, let’s go to work through riding bicycles. Come on and join us! by 注意: 改错中 When 改为 How ,若改为 how 则不得分。 第二节 One of the possible versions: Dear Jack Wood, How worried I am to hear the news that you had your right shoulder injured seriously after falling down while playing basketball. I’m anxious to know more about your injury, wondering whether you are feeling any better now. And I also want to say how excited I am when I read your blogs---Travelling Along the Old Silk Road in Gansu. You mentioned lots of places of interest in my hometown, most of which I’ve never been to. What a pity! I believe your vivid description and beautiful pictures make my hometown known to more people. They are worth reading. Up to now, I still have been impressed with your interesting and attractive English classes and I really benefited a lot. Looking forward to hearing from you and expecting you to recover as soon as possible! Sincerely yours, Li Hua 评分标准: 一、书面表达评分原则(参照 2012 高考英语试题《课标卷》评分原则) 二、内容要点 1. 慰问伤情(扣题表述); 2. 评论博客(扣题表述) ;
第 24 页(共 25 页) 山东世纪金榜科教文化股份有限公司

世纪金榜

圆您梦想

www.jb1000.com

3. 教学印象,获益,联系。 三、各档次的给分范围和要求: 第五档: (21-25 分) ——完全完成了试题规定的任务。 ——应用了较多的语法结构和词汇。 ——语法结构或词汇方面有些许错误,但为尽力使用较复杂结构或较高级词汇所致;具 备较强的语言运用能力。 第四档: (16-20 分) ——完成了试题规定的任务。 ——语法结构或词汇方面有少量错误,但主要是因尝试较复杂语法结构或词汇所致。 第三档: (11-15 分) ——基本完成了试题规定的主要任务。 ——有一些语法结构或词汇方面的错误,但不影响短文理解。 第二档: (6-10 分) ——未恰当完成试题规定的任务。 ——有较多语法结构或词汇方面的错误,影响了对写作内容的理解。 第一档: (0-5 分) ——未完成试题规定的任务,写了一些无关内容。 ——较多语法结构或词汇方面的错误,影响对写作内容的理解。

第 25 页(共 25 页)

山东世纪金榜科教文化股份有限公司


甘肃省兰州市2013届高三3月第一次诊断考试生物试题

甘肃省兰州市2013届高三3月第一次诊断考试生物试题_理化生_高中教育_教育专区。2013 年兰州市高三诊断考试(生物试题) 2013 年高三诊断考试 生物能力测试注意事项: ...

甘肃省兰州市2013届高三第一次(3月)诊断考试历史试题

甘肃省兰州市2013届高三第一次(3月)诊断考试历史试题_政史地_高中教育_教育专区。2013 年高三诊断考试 文科综合历史能力测试注意事项: 1.本试卷分第 I 卷(选择...

甘肃省兰州市2013届高三理综第一次(3月)诊断考试试题_...

甘肃省兰州市2013届高三理综第一次(3月)诊断考试试题 隐藏>> 2013 年高三诊断考试理科综合能力测试注意事项: 1.本试卷分第 I 卷(选择题)和第 II 卷(非选择...

甘肃省兰州市2013届高三语文第一次(3月)诊断考试试题_...

甘肃省兰州市2013届高三语文第一次(3月)诊断考试试题 隐藏>> 2013 年高三诊断考试语 文 注意事项: 1.本试卷分第Ⅰ卷(阅读题)和第Ⅱ卷(表达题)两部分。答卷...

甘肃省兰州市2013届高三第一次(3月)诊断考试数学(理)试...

甘肃省兰州市2013届高三第一次(3月)诊断考试数学(理)试题 Word版含答案_数学_高中教育_教育专区。2013 年高三诊断考试 数 学(理) 注意事项: 1.本试卷分第 ...

甘肃省兰州市2013届高三第一次(3月)诊断考试数学试题(...

甘肃省兰州市2013届高三第一次(3月)诊断考试数学试题(文理合卷) Word版含答案_数学_高中教育_教育专区。2013 年高三诊断考试 数 学 注意事项: 1.本试卷分第 ...

甘肃省兰州市2013届高三第一次(3月)诊断考试化学试题

甘肃省兰州市2013届高三第一次(3月)诊断考试化学试题_高三理化生_理化生_高中教育_教育专区。2013 年高三诊断考试 理科综合能力测试(化学) 注意事项: 1.本试卷...

甘肃省兰州市2013届高三物理第一次(3月)诊断考试试题新...

甘肃省兰州市2013届高三物理第一次(3月)诊断考试试题新人教版 隐藏>> 2013 年高三诊断考试理科综合物理能力测试注意事项: 1.本试卷分第 I 卷(选择题)和第 II...

甘肃省兰州市2013届高三第一次诊断考试政治试题

甘肃省兰州市2013届高三第一次诊断考试政治试题_政史地_高中教育_教育专区。2013 年高三诊断考试 文科综合政治能力测试注意事项: 1.本试卷分第 I 卷(选择题)和...

甘肃省兰州市2013届高三第一次诊断考试文综地理

甘肃省兰州市 2013 届高三第一次诊断考试 文科综合能力测试 地理部分注意事项: 1.本试卷分第 I 卷(选择题)和第 II 卷(非选择题)两部分。 2.本卷满分 300...