kl800.com省心范文网

考研英语核心词汇(版权所有:吴耀武)


考研英语核心词汇(版权所有:吴耀武)
严格按照吴耀武老师课堂指导,采用情景刺激完成首次记忆,然后按规定当天晚上睡觉 前和第二天早上把学习的单词复习一遍(谨记跳跃式复习!!,然后再分别过 3 天、7 天、 !) 15 天、30 天、60 天各复习一遍,坚持下来,到考前一周看最后一遍时,你会觉得大部分单 词都已经很熟悉了。另外,务必要把自己做过的历年真题或模拟题中阅读里遇到的生词集中 整理起来,这样坚持学习,双管齐下,一定会取得良好学习效果!

第 1 天任务
instrumentalist [,instru'ment?list, instr?-] 乐器演奏者;工具主义者 aggravate ['? ɡr?veit] 使恶化;使严重 prominent ['pr?min?nt] 突起的,凸出的 a ~ forehead prompt [pr?mpt] 敏捷的,迅速的 He is ~ on the job preach [pri:t?] 讲道,布道 ~ to a packed church preside [pri'zaid] 主持, (at, over) vice chairman of the board will ~ at today’s meeting 主管 The intellectual [,int?'lektju?l, -t?u?l] n. 知识分子 adj. 智力的,显示智力的 preoccupation [pri:,?kju'pei??n] n. 当务之急;抢先占据 theological [,θi:?'l?d?ik?l] adj. 神学的;神学性质的 civility [si'vil?ti] n. 文明,文化 virtuosity [,v?:tju'?s?ti] n. 艺术鉴别力;艺术上的精湛技巧 sermon ['s?:m?n] n. 训诫,说教,布道 routine [ru:'ti:n] n. 常规,例行公事 a. 日常的, 常规的 paradoxical [,p? r?'d?ksik?l] a. 反论的,荒谬的,自相矛盾的 harassment ['h? r?sm?nt, h?'r? sm?nt] n.骚扰,扰乱;烦恼,烦乱 presume [pri'zju:m, -'zu:m]推测, 假定, 假设 From the way they talked, I ~d them to be married prevail [pri'veil, pri:-] 流行,盛行 This custom still ~s among members of the older generation prey [prei] 被捕食的动物,捕获物 The lion seized its ~ and ate it prick [prik] 一刺,一扎 The boy burst the balloon with a ~ of the needle proceed [pr?u'si:d](尤指停顿或打断后)继续进行 The train ~ed at the same speed as before rape [reip] n.强奸;破坏,蹂躏 vt.强奸;破坏,蹂躏 rash [r? ?] a.轻率的,鲁莽的 [反]deliberate n.皮疹 guideline ['ɡaidlain] n.指导方针,指导原则,准则,标准 gut [ɡ?t] n.[pl.]胆量;内脏 a.本能的 vt.取出内脏 habitat ['h? bit? t] n.(动物的)栖息地, (植物的)产地 refugee [,refju'd?i:, 'refjud?i:] n.(政治上的)避难者,难民 refund [ri'f?nd] n.v. 退款;赔偿 relish ['reli?] n.喜好,乐趣;美味;胃口 v.爱好,喜欢 remnant ['remn?nt] n.残余,剩余;残余物,残存部分 renaissance [ri'neisns] n.[the R-]文艺复兴(时期) ;新生,复兴

ritual ['ritju?l, -t?u-] a.宗教仪式的,典礼的 n.仪式,典礼;惯例 salvation [s? l'vei??n] n.(尤指基督)救世,超度;拯救,解困 sanction ['s??,k??n] v.同意(某事) ,批准,认可 n.批准,国际制裁 sane [sein] a.心智健全的,神志清醒的;明断的,理智的 sarcastic [sɑ:'k? ztik] a.讽刺的,嘲笑的,挖苦的 saturate ['s? t??reit, 's? t??rit] vt.使湿透,浸透;使充满,使饱和 repertoire ['rep?twɑ:] n.全部剧目,保留剧目,全部技能 repression [ri'pre??n] n.压抑,压制,镇压 retention [ri'ten??n] n.保留;保持;记忆(力) retort [ri't?:t] n.v.报复;反击;反驳 boost [bu:st] n.促进,激励;一抬;一推 vt.推动,增强 bowel ['bau?l] n.肠; [pl.]内部,深处 retrieve [ri'tri:v] vt.重新得到,取回;挽回,补救;检索 retrospect ['retr?uspekt] v.n.回顾,回想,追溯[反]foresee revelation [,rev?'lei??n] n.揭示,透露,显示;被揭示的真相,新发现 rut [r?t] n.车辙,常轨,惯例 v.在……形成车辙 redundant [ri'd?nd?nt] a.被解雇的;多余的,过剩的 chromosome ['kr?um?s?um] 性染色体 virtually ['v?:t?u?li] 事实上;差不多 disdain [dis'dein] 蔑视;鄙视

第 2 天任务
anemia [?'ni:mi?] 反常的 boycott ['b?ik?t] 拒绝购买 ,抵制 troupe [tru:p] 剧团;巡回演出 philharmonic [,filhɑ:'m?nik, ,fil?-] 交响乐团的;爱好音乐的 pension ['pen??n] 退休金;养老金;抚恤金 lobby ['l?bi] 游说;疏通 compelling [k?m'peli?] 有说服力的;扣人心悬的 intuitively [in'tju:itivli] 直觉的;直观的 virtuosity [,v?:tju'?s?ti]精湛技艺;艺术爱好者 priority [prai'?r?ti] n. 优先(权) v. 把……(计划或目标)列入优先地位 recession [ri'se??n] n. 撤回,工商业之衰退,不景气 deride [di'raid] v. 嘲弄,嘲笑 ancestor ['? nsest?] n. 祖先,先驱,起源 foreseeable ['f?:si:?bl] adj. 可预知的,能预测的,能看透的 boost [bu:st] v.推进 paternal [p?'t?:nl] adj.父亲的, 象父亲的 kinship ['kin?ip] n.血缘关系 genealogist [,d?i:ni'? l?d?ist] n.系谱学者, 系谱专家

swabbing ['sw?bi?] n. 拖把, 药签 vt.拭抹, 擦洗 saliva [s?'laiv?] n.口水, 唾液 hawk [h?:k] n.鹰, 鹰派成员 vi.放鹰, 像鹰一般地袭击 vt.捕捉, 咳出, 兜售 mitochondrial [,mait?u'k?ndri?l] n.【生】线粒体 rigorous ['riɡ?r?s] a.严格的,严厉的,严酷的(气候条件) riot ['rai?t] n.暴(骚)乱; (色彩等)极度丰富 vi.聚众闹事 rip [rip] v.猛撕开;扯开;被撕开;裂开 scandal ['sk? nd?l] n.丑事,丑闻;流言蜚语;反感,愤慨 scramble ['skr? mbl] vi.(快速地)爬,攀登;互相争夺,争先 siege [si:d?] n.包围,围攻,围困 sceptical ['skeptik?l] a.怀疑的 skim [skim] vt.撇去(液体表面)之漂浮物 vi.轻轻掠过 skip [skip] vi.略过,跳过 n.跳跃 vt.故意忽略;略过 texture ['tekst??] n.(织物)质地; (材料)构造;结构;肌理 transcend [tr? n'send, trɑ:n-] vt. 超出,超越(理性等)的范围 abolish [?'b?li?] 彻底废除(法律、制度、习俗等)abolish old custo prime [praim] a.首要的,主要的 a matter of ~ importance foul [faul] a.令人不快的;恶臭的;邪恶的 v.弄脏 n.(体育等)犯规 fridge [frid?] n.(refrigerator 的略语)冰箱 radiant ['reidi?nt] a.(面容、目光)洋溢着幸福的,明亮照耀的 rap [r? p] vt.急敲;突然厉声说出;训斥 n.急敲(声) thermal ['θ?:m?l] a.热的,由热造成的 ~burns trail [treil] 痕迹,足迹 a ~ of destruction left by the violence tramp [tr? mp] 步行,跋涉 He loves ~ing over the hills fringe [frind?] n.边缘; (窗帘)缘饰;额前垂发 vt.饰…的边 fume [fju:m] n.(usu pl.) (浓烈或难闻的)烟,气,汽 blur [bl?:] n.模糊不清的事物 vt.使模糊,使看不清楚 browse [brauz] vi.随意翻阅,浏览; (牛、羊等)吃草 prior ['prai?] 在先的,在前的 Stop making public statements without their ~ approval here privilege ['privilid?] 特权,优惠,特免 In countries where there are still not many schools, education is a ~ probe [pr?ub] 探索,探查,调查 ~ the roots of war absolute ['? bs?lju:t, ,? bs?'lju:t] 纯粹的,完全的 have absolute trust in sb. verge [v?:d?] 边,边缘,边沿 the ~ of a stream verify ['verifai] 证明,证实 Subsequent events verified my suspicions vertical ['v?:tik?l] 垂直的,立式的 a ~ engine veto ['vi:t?u] 否决,否决权,否决权的行使 The rest of the committee could not accept the ~ accustom [?'k?st?m] 使习惯于 accustom oneself to rising (to rise) early acquaint [?'kweint] 使认识,使了解

第 3 天任务
homogenization [h?,m?d??nai'zei??n, -ni'z-] 同化;均匀化 toxic ['t?ksik] a.有毒的,因中毒引起的 breach [bri:t?] n.违反,不履行;破裂 vt.冲破,攻破 briefcase ['bri:fkeis] n.手提箱,公事皮包 ambiguous [? m'biɡju?s] 含糊不清的,模棱两可的 an ambiguous answer ozone ['?uz?un] n. 臭氧;清新的空气 pact [p? kt] n.合同,条约,公约 tournament ['tu?n?m?nt, 't?:-, 't?:-] 锦标赛;联赛 paperback ['peip?b? k] n.平装本,简装本 script [skript] n.剧本(原稿) ;手稿,原稿;笔迹,手迹 scrutiny ['skru:tini] n.周密的调查;仔细看;监视;选票复查 sculpture ['sk?lpt??] n.雕刻(术) ,雕塑(术) ;雕刻作品 tame [teim] 驯化的,驯服的,温顺的 ~animails tan [t? n]棕黄色,黄褐色 buy some shoes in tan abrupt [?'br?pt] 突然的,意外的 an abrupt departure acute [?'kju:t] 尖锐的,敏锐的 an acute thinker versatile ['v?:s?tail] 多才多艺的 a ~ man versus ['v?:s?s] 诉讼,竞赛等中以……为对手 The match tonight is China ~ Japan blunt [bl?nt] 钝的 The sun was blazing down and the heat was oppressive. blush [bl??] (因害羞、激动、窘困)脸红 blush with(或 for) joy demonstrate ['dem?nstreit] 论证,证明 :demonstrate a philosophical principle thrill [θril] 使非常兴奋,使非常激动 It’s a sight that never fails to ~ me thrive [θraiv] 兴旺发达,繁荣 His business is thriving mania ['meini?] 狂躁;狂热 tempt [tempt]引诱,诱惑 Nothing could ~ me to do such a thing strain [strein] 拉紧,绷紧 If you ~ the elastic any more, it will break strap [str? p] 带,皮带 silks ~s stretch [[stret?]] 伸直,伸长 He yawned and ~ed himself stride [straid] 阔步前进,大踏步走 He strode to the platform string [stri?] 细绳,线,带 She took the parcel and started to undo the string strip [strip] 剥去,除去 The wind stripped the tree of all its leaves toast ['t?ust] 烤面包,吐司 two slices of ~】 noteworthy ['n?ut,w?:? 值得注意的;显著的 i] quirk [kw?:k] 巧合;怪癖

第 4 天任务
fallout ['f?:l'aut] 放射性尘埃;后果;余波 neurology [,nju?'r?l?d?i] 神经病学的;神经的 token ['t?uk?n] 表示,标志,象征 He did that as a ~ of good faith

torture ['t?:t??] 拷打,拷问 ~ a confession from a prisoner accommodate [?'k?m?deit] 使适应,使符合一 accommodate oneself to changed circumstances unfold [,?n'f?uld] 展开,打开 ~ a newspaper update [?p'deit, '?pdeit] 更新,使现代化 ~a textbook uphold [?p'h?uld] 举起,高举 He upheld his clenched hand adhere [?d'hi?] 黏附,附着 Paste is used to make one surface adhere to another. adjacent [?'d?eis?nt] 临近的,毗邻的(to) a city and its adjacent suburbs adjoin [?'d??in] 贴近,与...毗邻 His house adjoins the lake. thrust [θr?st] 推,刺,戳,插,挤 He was ~ into power tilt [tilt] 使倾斜,使倾倒 Tilt your head back so that I can look down your throat toss [t?s, t?:s] 扔,抛,掷 The children tossed the ball to each other tough [t?f] 坚韧的,牢固的 Some plastic are as ~ as metal tow [t?u]拖,拉,牵引 tow a damaged ship into port absurd [?b's?:d] 荒谬的,荒唐的 The idea that number 14 brings bad luck is absurd. uproar ['?pr?:] 骚乱,骚动 The public ~ over unclear-radiation hazards continues to mount utter ['?t?] 发出(声音等) ,说,吐露 ~ the truth lavatory ['l? v?t?ri, -,t?:ri] 盥洗室;洗手间 cognitive ['k?ɡnitiv] 认知的;后天习得的 slope [sl?up] 倾斜,有坡度 The ground ~s down sharply at this point sly [slai] 狡猾的,偷偷的 a ~answer smash [sm? ?] 打碎,打破,摧毁 The ball ~ed the window snatch [sn? t?] 夺得,一把抓住 The thief ~ed her handbag and ran off immune [i'mju:n] 免除的,豁免的:Nobody is immune from criticism impact ['imp? kt, im'p? kt] 冲击,撞击:the impact of light on the eye impair [im'pε?] 削弱,减少:The output of produce was impaired by the bad weather impartial [im'pɑ:??l] 公正的,无偏见的:A judge should be impartial implement ['implim?nt, 'impliment] 工具,器具,用具:new types of farm implements stitch [stit?] 一针,针脚 Make your ~es closer together compliance [k?m'plai?ns] 服从;顺从;可塑性 superfluous [sju'p?:flu?s] 过多的,剩余的,多余的 a ~remark supervise ['sju:p?vaiz] 监督,管理,指导 ~ sb’s every move vanish ['v? ni?] 突然消失,逐渐消散 With a wave of his hand, the magician made the rabbit veil [veil] 面纱,面罩 Jewish women wore ~s in token of reverence and submission ventilate ['ventileit] 使通风,使空气流通 ~ a room venture ['vent??] 冒险,冒险行动,投机行动 take a ~ in oil uncover [,?n'k?v?] 揭开,揭露 ~ a dish of food underestimate [,?nd?'estimeit] 低估 ~ the difficulties of the task reassure [,ri:?'?u?] v.使安心,使放心;使消除疑虑 highlight ['hailait] n. 精彩场面,最显著(重要)部分 vt. 加亮, 使显著

falter ['f?:lt?] 颤抖;蹒跚;衰弱 forfeit ['f?:fit] 被罚;罚金;没收 provocation 挑衅;激怒 connotation [,k?n?u'tei??n] 含义;言外之意

第 5 天任务
susceptible [s?'sept?bl] 易受影响的;易感染的;易动感情的 vulnerable ['v?ln?r?bl] 易受伤的;脆弱的 recede [ri'si:d] v.退去;缩进;收回,撤回 [反]approach recipient [ri'sipi?nt] n.a person who receives sth 收到者 reckless ['reklis] a.不注意的,大意的,卤莽的,不顾后果的 rectangle ['rek,t??ɡl] n.[数]矩形, 长方形 recur [ri'k?:] v.(尤指不好的事)一再发生;重现 portray [p?:'trei, p?u-] v.描写,描述;画(人物、景象等) prone [pr?un] a.(to)易于…的,很可能…的;俯卧的 prophet ['pr?fit] n.预言家;先知;提倡者 undergo [,?nd?'ɡ?u] 经历,遭受,忍受 ~ much suffering underlie [,?nd?'lai] 位于……之下 Many facts ~ my decision undermine [,?nd?'main] 在……下挖 ~ a wall accord [?'k?:d] 使符合, 相一致 (with) violent action do not accord with his peaceful words. His account [?'kaunt] 记述,叙述 give a brief account of what has happened a television address address [?'dres] 演说

ultimate ['?ltim?t] 最后的,最终的 The war ended for us in ~ victory unanimous [ju:'n? nim?s] 全体一致的,一致同意的 They are ~ in asking for a rise in pay undertake [,?nd?'teik] 着手做, 从事 ~ an attack undesirable [,?ndi'zai?r?bl] 不合意的,不受欢迎的 The drug has ~ side effects uneasy [,?n'i:zi] 心神不宁的,不安宁的 be ~uneasy about the future virtue ['v?:tju:] 美德,德行 Among her many ~s are loyalty ,courage, and truthfulness substitute ['s?bstitju:t, -tu:t] 代替者,代替物 He is the doctor’s ~ during holidays times subtle ['s?tl] 微妙的,巧妙的 His whole attitude has undergone a ~ change subtract [s?b'tr? kt] 减,减去 Subtract 4 from 10 you get 6 succession [s?k'se??n] 连续,一系列 a ~ of debates suck [s?k] 吸,A large mosquito was sucking blood from the back of her hand vital ['vait?l] 有生命力的 The heart is a ~ organ void [v?id] 空的 a ~ space wedge [wed?] 楔子,三角木 Please put a ~ in the door so that it will stay open diffuse [di'fju:s] 四散开;漫射 xerox ['zi?r?ks] 静电复印(法) ,静电复印件,静电复印机 Make me a ~ of this report. yield [ji:ld] 生产,产生,带来 This orchard ~s apples and pears. zeal [zi:l] 热心,热忱,热情 a man of ~ zigzag ['ziɡz? ɡ] 之字形的,弯曲的 a ~ road

warrant ['w?r?nt, 'w?:-] 授权,批准,正当理由,根据 He had no ~ for his action waterproof ['w?:t?pru:f, 'w?-] 不透水的,防水的 ~ material whisper ['hwisp?] 低语,耳语,轻声说 ~ to sb vicious ['vi??s] 邪恶的,恶毒的,凶残的 lead a ~ life volunteer [,v?l?n'ti?] 志愿者,自愿参加者 Are there any ~s for a swim? audit ['?:dit] v.审计;查帐;核对;旁听

第 6 天任务
archive ['ɑ:kaiv] 存档;归档 vibrate [vai'breit] 使震动,使摆动 His heavy footsteps upstairs made the old house ~ weld [weld] 焊接,煅接 It takes speed to ~ steel at this heat whirl [hw?:l] 旋转,急转 The couples ~ed round the dance floor audio ['?:di?u] n./a.音频(响) (的) ;声音(的) ,听觉(的) auditorium [,?:di't?:ri?m] n.观众席,听众席;会堂,礼堂 stab [st? b] 刺,戳,猛的一击,突发的一阵 a ~ of anxiety stacked [st? kt] 整齐的一叠 a ~ of bills stain [stein] 玷污,污染 His shirt was ~ed with blood stale [steil] 食品等不新鲜的,走味的 These old peanuts taste ~ stall [st?:l] 牛舍 startle ['stɑ:tl] 惊吓,使吃惊 The horse ~s easily affiliation [?,fili'ei??n] 从属群体,从属单位 addict [?'dikt,'? dikt] v.使沉溺;使上瘾 n.沉溺于不良嗜好的人 advent ['? dv?nt] n.(重要事件等的)到来,来临 affluent ['? flu?nt] a. 富裕的,富足的 stock [st?k] 原料,备料,库存,现货 Rags are used as a ~ for making paper stoop [stu:p] 俯身,弯腰 She ~ed to pick up her fan statistics [st?'tistiks] 统计,统计资料 The recent ~ on marriage are interesting steer [sti?] 掌舵,驾驶 ~ a car through the entrance authentic [?:'θentik] a.真的,真正的;可靠的,可信的,有根据的 awe [?:] n.敬畏,惊惧 vt.使敬畏,使惊惧 bait [beit] n.饵,引诱物 vt.用饵引诱;招惹,捉弄 balcony ['b? lk?ni] n.阳台; (电影院等的)楼厅,楼座 ballet ['b? lei, b? 'lei] n.芭蕾舞,芭蕾舞剧;芭蕾舞团 bizarre [bi'zɑ:] adj.异乎寻常的,稀奇古怪的 stubborn ['st?b?n] 顽固的,倔强的 The ~ boy refused to listen to his parents’advice stuff [st?f] 原料,材料,物品,东西 He has got all the ~ ready for building his new house submerge [s?b'm?:d?] 浸没,淹没,湮没 The stream overflowed and ~d the farmland submit [s?b'mit] 屈服,服从,投降 ~ to foreign pressure anguish ['??ɡwi?] n.(尤指心灵上的)极度痛苦,烦恼 antique [? n'ti:k] a.古式的,过时的 n.有价值的古物,古董

appall [?'p?:l] v.使胆寒,使惊骇 (a. appalling) wrap [r? p] 包,裹 ~ oneself in a blanket wreck [rek] 失事,遇难 a train ~ wrench [rent?] 扳手 He is a ~ . ballot ['b? l?t] n.(不记名)投票;投票总数;投票权 vi.投票 barbecue ['bɑ:bikju:] n.烤肉用的台架;烤肉野餐 vt.在台架上烤肉 barren ['b? r?n] a.贫瘠的;不育的; (植物)不结果的;无用的 belly ['beli] n.肚子,腹部; (像肚子一样)鼓起的部分,膛 benign [bi'nain] a.(病)良性的,(气候)良好的,仁慈的,和蔼的

第 7 天任务
bipedal ['bai,ped?l, bai'pe-] 两足动物的;直立姿势的 secular ['sekjul?] 现世的;非宗教的 beverage ['bev?rid?] n.(水,酒等之外的)饮料 bin [bin] n.(贮藏食物等用的)箱子 wrinkle ['ri?kl] 皱,皱纹 He will wore the ~s of anxiety on his forehead. album ['? lb?m] n. 唱片;集邮册,相册 subordinate [s?'b?:din?t, -neit, s?'b?:dineit] 下级的 In the army ,captains are ~ to majors stationary ['stei??n?ri] 固定的,静止的,非流动的 ~ troops amiable ['eimj?bl] a.和蔼可亲的,友善的,亲切的 amid [?'mid] prep.在…中间,在…之中,被…围绕 auction ['?:k??n] n./vt.拍卖 blueprint ['blu:print] n.蓝图,设计图,计划 vt.制成蓝图,计划 ego ['i:ɡ?u, 'eɡ?u] n.自我,自负,利已主义; (心理学)自我意识 eligible ['elid??bl] a.有条件被选中的; (尤指婚姻等)合适(意)的 endow [in'dau] vt.资助,捐赠; (with)给予,赋予 escalate ['esk?leit] v.(使)逐步增长(或发展)(使)逐步升级 , escort ['esk?:t, i'sk?:t] vt.护送(卫) ;陪同 n.警卫,护送者;仪仗兵 evade [i'veid] vt.逃避,回避;避开,躲避 arrogant ['? r?ɡ?nt] a.傲慢的,自大的 arrogant ['? r?ɡ?nt] n.动脉;干线,要道 aspire [?'spai?] vi.(to,after)渴望,追求,有志于 assassinate [?'s? sineit] vt.暗杀,行刺;中伤 waken ['weik?n] 醒来,睡醒 He wakened when the alarm sounded virtual ['v?:t?u?l] 实际上的,事实上的 the ~ manager of the business weary ['wi?ri] 疲倦的,疲劳的 a ~ look vigor ['viɡ?] 体力,精力,活力 in the ~ of manhood violate ['vai?leit] 违反,违背 ~ the traffic regulations zone [z?un] 地带,分布带 a danger ~ abdomen [? b'd?umen, '? bd?men] n.腹,下腹(胸部到腿部的部分)

abound [?'baund] vi.大量存在; (in,with)充满,富于 acclaim [?'kleim] v.向…欢呼,公认 n.欢呼,喝彩,称赞 supplement ['s?plim?nt, 's?pl?ment] 增补,补充 a ~ to wages alleviate [?'li:vieit]减轻;缓解;缓和 infancy ['inf?nsi] 婴儿期;早期;初始阶段

第 8 天任务
spur [sp?:] 前进的,有动力的 extract [ik'str? kt, 'ekstr? kt] 拔出;摘录出 insightful ['in,saitful] 富有洞察力的;有深刻见解的 provocative [pr?u'v?k?tiv] 煽动性的;刺激的 suppress [s?'pres] 压制,镇压 ~human rights supreme [sju'pri:m, s?-] 最高的,至上的 a ~ ruler surpass [s?'pɑ:s, -'p? s] 超过,优于,强于,胜过 ~ advanced world surplus ['s?:pl?s, -pl?s] 过剩,剩余 a teacher ~ vain [vein] 徒劳的,无效的 ~ efforts valid ['v? lid] 有根据的 a ~ excuse blackmail ['bl? kmeil] n.讹诈,敲诈,勒索;胁迫,恫吓 blouse [blauz] n.女衬衣,短上衣,宽阔的罩衫 foster ['f?st?] vt. 照管;培养;促进 bruise [bru:z] n.青肿,挫伤;伤痕 vt.打青;挫伤 bully ['buli] n.恃强欺弱者,小流氓 vt.威胁,欺侮 bureaucracy [bju?'r?kr?si] n.官僚主义,官僚机构; (非民选的)委任官员 burglar ['b?:ɡl?] n.(入室行窃的)盗贼 cape [keip] n.海角,岬;披肩,短披风 carbohydrate [,kɑ:b?u'haidreit] n.碳水化合物; 糖类; (plural)淀粉质或糖类 clergy ['kl?:d?i] n.[总称]牧师,神职人员 coalition [,k?u?'li??n] n.结合体,同盟;结合,联合 costume ['k?stju:m, k?'stju:m] n. 戏装;泳装;服装 cosy ['k?uzi] /cozy a.暖和舒服的;舒适的 [反]uncomfortable credentials [kri'den??lz] n.(个人能力及信用的)证明书,证件 ebb [eb] vi.衰退,减退 n.处于低潮,处于衰退状态 eccentric [ik'sentrik] a.古怪的,怪癖的,异乎寻常的 n.古怪的人 futile ['fju:tail] a.无效的,无用的,无希望的 gender ['d?end?] n.(生理上的)性; (名词、代词等的)性 glamour ['ɡl? m?] n.魔力,魅力 vt.迷住 strenuous ['strenju?s] a.费力的,艰辛的;奋发的,努力的 strife [straif] n.争吵;冲突,斗争;竞争 gorgeous ['ɡ?:d??s] a.华丽的;灿烂的;美丽的;宜人的;棒的 graphic ['ɡr? fik] a.生动的,形象的;绘画的,文字的,图表的

第 9 天任务
layoff ['lei?f] n.临时解雇;关闭;停歇 lottery ['l?t?ri] n.抽彩;碰运气的事,难于算计的事 majesty ['m? d?isti] n. stately, grand appearance; splendor 雄伟,壮丽,庄严 majestic a. maneuver/manoeuvre [m?'nu:v?] vi.熟练地进入 medieval [,medi'i:v?l, ,mi:-] a. 中世纪的 excerpt [ek's?:pt, 'eks?:pt] n.摘录,节录 vt.摘,引用 feat [fi:t] n.功绩,伟业,技艺 federation ['fed?rei??n] n.联合会;结盟,联合 fore [f?:] ad.在前面 a.先前的;在前部的 n.前部 solitary ['s?lit?ri] a.(好)孤独的;偏僻的;单一的,唯一的 solo ['s?ul?u] n.独奏 a. ad.单独的(地) ;独唱的(地) spiral ['spai?r?l] a.螺旋形的 n.螺旋,螺线 v.螺旋上升;盘旋 stagger ['st? ɡ?] vi.摇晃着移动;蹒跚 n.摇晃不稳的动作;蹒跚 stalk [st?:k] n.茎,梗 vt.悄悄地跟踪 vi.高视阔步地走 statute ['st? tju:t, -t?u:t] n.成文法,法令,法规;章程,规则,条例 steak [steik] n.牛排;大块肉(或鱼)片 stereotype ['steri?utaip, 'sti?-] n.陈规,老套,模式化 vt.使定型,使模式化 formidable ['f?:mid?bl] a. difficult to defeat or deal with 难对付的;可怕的 meditate ['mediteit] v.认真思考,沉思;计划,考虑 momentum [m?u'ment?m] n. 动量;动力;势头 monarch ['m?n?k, -ɑ:k] n.帝王,君主,最高统治者 motivate ['m?utiveit] vt.促动;激励,鼓励,作为…的动机 optimum ['?ptim?m] a.最适宜的 n.(生长繁殖的)最佳条件 option ['?p??n] n.选择(权) ;可选择的事物(或人) ,选课 overturn [,?uv?'t?:n, '?uv?t?:n] n. 推翻 stun [st?n] vt.使…失去知觉;使目瞪口呆,使吃惊 subsidy ['s?bsidi] n.补助金;津贴费 suffice [s?'fais] v.足够, (食物)满足 suite [swi:t] n.套间;一套家具;套,组,系列 summit ['s?mit] n.顶,最高点;颠峰,高峰;最高级会议 superstition [,sju:p?'sti??n] n.迷信,迷信的观念习俗 oxid ['?ksid] e n. 氧化物 grim [ɡrim] a.严酷的,令人害怕的;不愉快的,讨厌的

第 10 天任务
grin [ɡrin] n.vi. 露齿笑,咧嘴笑 grope [ɡr?up] vi.暗中摸,摸索;探索,搜寻 vt.摸索 heave [hi:v] v.(用力)举,提,拉;扔;拖;呕吐 n.举起 herb [h?:b, ?:b] n.药草, (调味用的)香草,草本植物

hierarchy ['hai?,rɑ:ki] n.等级制度;统治集团,领导层 pilgrim ['pilɡrim] n.最初的移民(P 大写,指 1620 由欧洲移居美国的清教徒) plea [pli:] n.(法律)抗辩;请求,恳求,托词,口实 skull [sk?l] n.头盖骨,颅骨 slaughter ['sl?:t?] n.屠杀,屠宰 vt.屠杀,宰杀 slot [sl?t] n.狭缝;空位 vt.放入狭缝中;把…纳入 sneak [sni:k] vi.偷偷地走,溜 vt.偷偷地做(或拿、吃) sneeze [sni:z] vi.打喷嚏,发喷嚏声 n.喷嚏 agitatedly ['? d?i,teitidli] 搅动(液体等) The machine agitated the mixture. alarm [?'lɑ:m] 惊恐,忧虑 The bandits scattered in alarm. alert [?'l?:t] 警惕的,留神的 In our reading we should always be alert for new usages. alien ['eilj?n] 外国的 adjust to an alien culture allege [?'led?] 断言,宣称 The newspaper alleges the mayor's guilt. allocate ['? l?ukeit] 分配,分派,把...拨给 allocate funds for new projects sniff [snif] vi.嗅…味道;抽鼻涕;对嗤之以鼻,蔑视 soar [s?:] vi.(指鸟等)高飞,翱翔;飞涨;高耸 sociable ['s?u??bl] a.好交际的,友好的,合群的 solidarity [,s?li'd? riti] n.团结;休戚相关 surge [s?:d?] vi.(如浪潮般)汹涌;奔腾 n.(感情等的)洋溢 susceptible [s?'sept?bl] a.过敏的,敏感的;易动感情的,易受感动的 tangle ['t??ɡl] n.纠缠;缠结;混乱 v.(使)缠绕;变乱 temperamentally [,tempr?'mentli] n.气质,性格,性情;资质 tropic ['tr?pik] n.回归线;[the T-s]热带地区 tumor/tumour ['tju:m?] n.(肿)瘤,肿块 amateur ['? m?t?, ,? m?'t?:] (艺术,科学等的)业余爱好者 an amateur golfer amend [?'mend] 修改,修订 amend the spelling in sb.'s paper administrate [?d'ministreit] 掌管,料理...的事务

第 11 天任务
crush [kr??] 压碎;彻底毁掉 adolescent [,? d?u'lesnt] (尤指 16 岁以下的)青少年 a film aimed at adolescents seemingly ['si:mi?li] ad. in appearance; apparently 表面上的,看起来的 segregate ['seɡriɡit, -ɡeit] vt. separate or keep apart from others 分离,隔离 serial ['si?ri?l, 'si:r-] n.连本影片,连本电视节目 a.连续的 shabby ['?? bi] a.简陋的,破旧的;卑鄙的,不正当的 aggravate ['? ɡr?veit] 加重,加剧,恶化 aggravate the declining economy aggressive [?'ɡresiv] 侵犯的,侵略的 an aggressive weapon allied ['? laid] 结盟的,有关联的 allied nations allowance [?'lau?ns] 津贴,补贴,零用钱 a housing allowance alternate [?:l't?:n?t, '?:lt?-, '?:lt?neit] 交替,轮流 Night and day alternate.

array [?'rei] 排列,队形 The troops were formed in battle array. articulate [ɑ:'tikjul?t, ɑ:'tikjuleit] 发音清晰的,善于表达的 He is articulate about everything in the field of economics. shatter ['?? t?] n.碎片;粉碎 v.粉碎;使疲惫;使震骇 shove [??v] vt.乱推;乱塞 vi.用力推,挤 n.猛推 adverse ['? dv?:s, ? d'v?:s] 不友好的,敌对的 She felt adverse to her husband's friends. advocate ['? dv?keit, '? dv?k?t] 拥护,提倡,主张 advocate self-defence aesthetic [i:s'θetik] 美学的,艺术的,审美 an aesthetic theory affiliate [?'filieit, ?'filiit, -eit] 使隶属 (或附属) 使成为会员 a government affiliated company 于, affirm [?'f?:m] 断言,申明 affirm the truth of a statement artificial [,ɑ:ti'fi??l] 人工的,人造的,人为的 artificial price controls ascend [?'send] 登高, (渐渐)上升,升高 The airplane ascended into the cloud. ascertain [,? s?'tein] 查明,弄清,确定 I ascertained that he was dead. ashore [?'??:] 向岸,向陆地 He swam ashore. assault [?'s?:lt] 攻击,袭击 We made an assault on the enemy fort. assemble [?'sembl] 集合,召集 assemble the members of Parliament for a special meeting. assert [?'s?:t] 肯定地说(出) ,坚定地断言 He asserted his innocence. assign [?'sain] 分配,布置(作业) The teacher assigned (us) a new lesson. assimilate [?'simileit] 吸收,消化 He is quick to assimilate new ideas. associate [?'s?u?ieit, ?'s?u?i?t, -eit] (使) 联系, (使) 结合 We naturally associated the name of Darwin with the doctrine of evolution. beforehand [bi'f?:h? nd] 预先,事先 If you wanted soup for lunch you should have told me beforehand. bewilder [bi'wild?] 使迷惑,使糊涂 I’m bewildered as to which one to buy.

第 12 天任务
boom [bu:m] 低沉有回响的声音 The great bell tolled with a deep boom. bore [b?:] 钻孔,挖(通道) bore through a wall bounce [bauns] 弹起,反弹 The ball doesn’t bounce well. sovereign ['s?v?rin, 's?v-] a.独立的,有主权的 n.君主,国王,统治者 spacious ['spei??s] adj.广阔的,宽敞的 spectrum ['spektr?m] n.谱,光谱,频谱;范围,幅度,系列 spicy ['spaisi] a.加很多香料的; (口味)浓郁的 spine [spain] n.脊柱,脊椎; (动植物的)刺;书脊 bound [baund] 跳跃,弹回 She bounded to her feet and waved her right hand triumphantly. boycott ['b?ik?t] (联合起来)抑制,拒绝参加 boycott uncooperative manufactures brace [breis] 托架,支架 He braced his muscles and lifted the weight. breed [bri:d] (使)繁殖 Rabbits breed families rapidly. bribe [braib] 贿赂 accept(或 take)a bribe from sb. anchor ['??k?] 锚 The anchor catches (drags).

anonymous [?'n?nim?s] 匿名的,无名的 an anonymous letter (phone call) anticipate [? n'tisipeit] 预期,预料 The directors anticipated a fall in demand (that demand would fall). brisk [brisk] 轻快的,生气勃勃的 a brisk pace brittle ['britl] 易碎的,一碰就破的 brittle glass accumulate [?'kju:mjuleit] 积累,积攒,积聚 accumulate wisdom accurate ['? kjur?t] 准确的,精确的 an accurate estimate accuse [?'kju:z] 指控,指责 They accused her publicly of stealing their books. activate ['? ktiveit] 使活动起来,使开始起作用,启动 They have planted secret agents in many countries who could be activated whenever needed. bump [b?mp] 碰,撞(against, into) The truck bumped against the wall in the dark. burst [b?:st] 爆炸,爆裂 The boiler burst. cease [si:s] 停止,终止,结束 The music ceased suddenly. certify ['s?:tifai] 证明,证实 The accounts were certified (as) correct. appraise [?'preiz] 估量,估计 appraise the infant's weight apprehend [,? pri'hend] 对...担心 Do you apprehend that there will be any difficulty? appropriate [?'pr?uprieit, ?'pr?upri?t] 恰当的,相称的 Plain, simple clothes are appropriate for school wear. approximate [?'pr?ksimit] 大概的,大约的,近似的 The approximate time is 10 o'clock.

第 13 天任务
displace [dis'pleis] 移动…的位置:Many of the inhabitants were displaced by the rising floodwaters dispose [dis'p?uz] 布置,整理:The stores disposed the jewellery in an attractive display disregard [disri'ɡɑ:d] 不理会,不顾:Disregard the noise and keep working distinct [dis'ti?kt] 有区别的,不同的:Three distinct types of people distort [dis't?:t] 扭歪,扭曲:a face distorted by (或 with)pain distract [dis'tr? kt] 使转向:be distracted from one’s original purpose apt [? pt] (习性)易于......的,有......倾向的 A careless person is apt to make mistakes. arbitrary ['ɑ:bitr?ri] 随心所欲的,个人武断的,任意的 an arbitrary choice cherish ['t?eri?] 珍爱,珍视 choke [t??uk] 窒息,噎住 cherish one’s native land be choked by smoke a blast of wind chew [t?u:] 嚼,咀嚼 He chewed a mouthful of meat. bias ['bai?s] 偏见,偏心 have a bias against sb.(或 sth.) blast ['bai?u,bl? st] 一阵(风) ,一股(气流) blaze [bleiz] 火焰 The fire sprang into a blaze. aggravate ['? ɡr?veit] 加重,加剧,恶化 aggravate the declining economy aggressive [?'ɡresiv] 侵犯的,侵略的 an aggressive weapon allied ['? laid] 结盟的,有关联的 allied nations allowance [?'lau?ns] 津贴,补贴,零用钱 a housing allowance

alter ['?:lt?] 改变,更改 alter an attitude alternate [?:l't?:n?t, '?:lt?-, '?:lt?neit] 交替,轮流 Night and day alternate. array [?'rei] 排列,队形 The troops were formed in battle array. articulate [ɑ:'tikjul?t, ɑ:'tikjuleit] 发音清晰的,善于表达的 He is articulate about everything in the field of economics. boast [b?ust] 自吹自擂,自夸的话 He is full of boasts. bolt [b?ult] 螺栓, (门,窗的)插销 a small bag of nuts and bolts corrupt [k?'r?pt] 堕落的,腐败的,贪赃舞弊的:lead a corrupt life courtesy ['k?:tisi] 谦恭有礼。有礼的举止(或)言辞:come in without courtesy shade [?eid] 荫,荫凉处 The group of trees provide some ~ from the sun sham [?? m] 假装,虚伪 Her illness was a ~ to gain sympathy shear [?i?] 剪,修剪 ~ a lawn shed [?ed] 流 ~ one’s blood for one’s country sheer [?i?] 完全的,十足的 ~ nonsense connect [k?'nekt] 连接,连接 The bridge connects the island with(或 to) the mainland. conscious ['k?n??s] 意识到的,自觉地 They were conscious that he disapproved. consent [k?n'sent] 同意,赞同,准许 The people will never consent to another war. conserve [k?n's?:v, 'k?ns?:v] 保护,保藏,保存 conserve natural resources consolidate [k?n's?lideit] 巩固,加强 consolidate one’s position conspicuous [k?n'spikju?s] 显眼的, 明显的, 引人瞩目的 He felt as conspicuous as if he had stood on a stage.

第 14 天任务
contrary ['k?ntr?ri]相反的,对抗的:take the contrary view contribute [k?n'tribju:t] 捐(款等),捐献:He contributed 5dollars to the charity every payday contrive [k?n'traiv] 设计,想出:contrive a new method corrode [k?'r?ud] (渐渐)损害,(一点一点地)损伤:Bribery corrodes the confidence that must exist between buyer and seller dazzle ['d? zl] (强光等)使目眩,耀眼:He was dazzled by his sudden success. decent ['di:s?nt] 体面的,像样的:She didn’t have a decent dress for the ball. appeal [?'pi:l] 呼吁,恳求 chorus ['k?:r?s] 合唱队 chronic ['kr?nik] (疾病)慢性的, (人)久病的 chronic indigestion clarity ['kl? r?ti] 澄清,阐明 clarify an issue cling [kli?] 粘着 The frightened child clung to her mother. clumsy ['kl?mzi] 笨拙的 a clumsy boy mortgage ['m?:ɡid?] 抵押(借款)He will have to ~ his land for a loan. motion ['m?u??n] 动,运动 the ~ of the planets mount [maunt] 登上, 爬上~ the steps I appealed to the children to make less noise. applaud [?'pl?:d] 鼓掌,喝彩,叫好 The audience applauds the performers for three minutes.

cluster ['kl?st?] (果实,花等的)串,束,簇; (人或物)的群,组 a cluster of tourists clutch [kl?t?] 紧抓,紧握 clutch at an opportunity coherent [k?u'hi?r?nt] 一致的,协调的 lack coherent political goals decompose [,di:k?m'p?uz] 分解,腐烂,腐败:decompose a compound into its elements. dedicate ['dedikeit, 'dedikit, -keit] 奉献, 把…用在 (to) The doctor dedicated himself to finding : a cure. deduce [di'dju:s] 演绎,推论:From her conversation, I deduced that she had a large family. deform [di'f?:m](使)变形:Heat deforms plastic. constant ['k?nst?nt] 经常的,不断的 a constant noise constitute ['k?nstitju:t] 组成,构成 constitute a threat to sb. consume [k?n'sju:m] 消费,花费: consume much of one’s time in reading contaminate [k?n't? mi,neit] 弄脏,污染,玷污,毒害: Fumes contaminate the air capture ['k? pt??] 俘虏,捕获 capture butterflies assume [?'sju:m, ?'su:m] 假定,假设 Farmers will have a bumper harvest, assuming (that) the weather si favarable. assurance [?'?u?r?ns] 保证,把握,信心 He gave me his assurance that he would help. astonish [?'st?ni?] 使惊讶 I was astonished at his sudden appearance. attach [?'t? t?] 系,贴,连接 attach a label to a suitcase attain [?'tein] 达到,获得 attain one’s goal attentive [?'tentiv] 注意的,专心的 an attentive audience attribute [?'tribju:t, '? tribju:t] 把归因于, 把...... 过错的责任等) ( 归于 (to) He attributed his success to hard work. auxiliary [?:ɡ'zilj?ri] 辅助的 an auxiliary rocket

第 15 天任务
gallop ['ɡ? l?p](马等的)飞跑,疾驰:The horse did a fine gallop during the race gamble ['ɡ? mbl] 赌博:gamble at cards gasp [ɡɑ:sp, ɡ? sp] 喘气,喘息:speak between gasps gear [ɡi?] 齿轮,传动装置, (排)档:interlock cogs and gears avail [?'veil] 有利于,有助于 Will force alone avail us? avert [?'v?:t] 挡开,防止,避免 Many traffic accidents can be averted by courtesy. contempt [k?n'tempt] 轻视,轻蔑:show a contempt for sb contradict [,k?ntr?'dikt] 反驳,同….相矛盾,同….相抵触:The facts contradict his theory defy [di'fai, 'di:-] 公然违抗,反抗:He was going ahead defying all difficulties. degenerate [di'd?en?reit, di'd?en?r?t] 衰退, 堕落, (into) Her eyesight degenerated with 变坏 : the years. deliberate [di'lib?r?t] 慎重的,深思熟虑的:The government is taking deliberate action to lower prices. denote [di'n?ut] 表示,是…的标志,意思是:A frown often denotes displeasure. correspond [,k?:ri'sp?nd] 相符合相称(to,with):Fulfillment seldom corresponds to anticipation

correspondent [,k?:ri'sp?nd?nt] 通信者,通讯员,记者:a good(bad)correspondent corresponding [,k?:ri'sp?ndi?] 符合的,一致的:corresponding fingerprints compact [k?m'p? kt, 'k?mp? kt] 紧密的,坚实的 a compact piece of luggage compatible [k?m'p? t?bl] 能和睦相处的,合的来的 You should choose a roommate more compatible to your tastes. detain [di'tein] 留住,担搁:be detained by business. detect [di'tekt] (当场)发现(某人在干坏事):detect a student cheating deteriorate [di'ti?ri?reit] (使)恶化,(使)变坏,(使)退化;背离,偏离:deviate from the rule compile [k?m'pail] 汇编,编制 compile an anthology of poems comply [k?m'plai] 遵从,顺从,服从 comply with rules(safety regulations) compress [k?m'pres, 'k?mpres] sentences comprise [k?m'praiz] 包含,包括 The shipyard comprises three docks. compromise ['k?mpr?maiz] 妥协,折衷 compromise over the hard-fought next. confront [k?n'fr?nt] (使)面临, (使)遭遇 The war confronted him with hardships. crucial ['kru:??l] 决定性的,关键性的:a crucial decision cue [kju:] 提示,暗号,信号:throw cues to sb cultivate ['k?ltiveit] 耕作,栽培,养殖:cultivate vegetables differentiate [,dif?'ren?ieit] 使不同,使有差别,区分,区别:differentiate varieties of plants diffuse [di'fju:s] 扩散(气体,液体等) :The colors of the sunset were diffused across the sky. disperse [dis'p?:s] 分散,驱散,散去:Police dispersed the rioters with tear gas distribute [di'stribju:t, 'dis-] 分配,分发:distribute the prizes among the winners eliminate [i'limineit] 排除,消除:eliminate the exploitation of man by man elite [ei'li:t, i'li:t]出类拔萃的人(或物),精华:the elite of the society eloquent ['el?kw?nt] 雄辩的,口才流利的,有说服力的:an eloquent spokesman embark [em'bɑ:k, im-]上船(或飞机,汽车等):embark for Europe at New York harbor embody [im'b?di] 使具体化,表现:embody principles in actions embrace [im'breis] 拥抱:She embraced her son tenderly enlighten [in'lait?n] 启发,使摆脱偏见(或迷信)Would you enlighten me on your plans for the future? enroll [in'r?ul] 吸收(成员),招生:The school enrolled about 300 pupils last year 压缩 He compresses a lifetime as a soldier into a few

第 16 天任务
condense [k?n'dens] (使)压缩, (使)凝结,使简洁 condense a speech to half confer [k?n'f?:] 商谈,商议 confer with sb. Over (on, about, concerning) sth. confess [k?n'fes] 坦白,供认,承认,忏悔 confess one’s crime formulate ['f?:mjuleit] 规划(制度等),构想出(计划方法等)formulate a policy diminish [di'mini?] 减少,降低:His illness diminished his strength. diplomat ['dipl?m? t] 外交家,外交官,圆滑的人:a career diplomat discard [dis'kɑ:d, 'diskɑ:d] 丢弃,抛弃:discard an old pair of shoes

discern [di's?:n, -'z?:n] 看出,觉察出:We could discern from his appearance that he was upset. disclose [dis'kl?uz] 揭露,透露,使公开:disclose information to sb. discharge [dis't?ɑ:d?, 'dist?ɑ:d?, dis't?-] 释放 The judge found him not guilty and discharged him. discount [['diskaunt, dis'k-]] 把(价格,费用等)打折扣,削价出售:The store discounts 3 per cent on all bills paid when due. discriminate [dis'krimineit, dis'krimin?t] 区别,辨别:It’s difficult to discriminate between the twin brothers. disgrace [dis'ɡreis] 丢脸,耻辱:bring disgrace on oneself entertain [,ent?'tein] 给…娱乐,使有兴趣:The child is entertaining himself with his building blocks entitle [in'taitl] 给…权利,给…资格(to):Robert was entitled to see the documents equivalent [i'kwiv?l?nt] 相等的,相同的:The misery of such a position is equivalent to its happiness erase [i'reiz, i'reis] 擦掉,抹掉,消除:erase the chalk marks erect [i'rekt] 竖直的,垂直的,竖起的:an erect tree erupt [i'r?pt](火山,喷泉等)喷发:The volcano is due to erupt any day essence ['es?ns] 本质,实质,要素:Being thoughtful of others is the essence of politeness eternal [i't?:n?l] 永恒的,永存的,永久的:eternal truths evaluate [i'v? ljueit] 估价,评价:evaluate property evaporate [i'v? p?reit] (使)蒸发,(使)挥发:Heats evaporate water exaggerate [iɡ'z? d??reit] 夸张,夸大,对…言过其实:keep to the facts and don’t exaggerate exceed [ik'si:d] 超出,胜过:Her performance exceeded all the others external [ik'st?:n?l] 外面的,外部的:external signs of a disease descend [di'send] 下来,下降:Darkness descended too soon. extract [ik'str? kt, 'ekstr? kt] 取出,提取:extract a confession extravagant [ik'str? v?ɡ?nt] 奢侈的,浪费的:be extravagant in one’s way of living fabricate ['f? brikeit] 建造,制造:The finest craftsmen fabricated this clock facilitate [f?'siliteit] 使变得(更)容易,使便利 fade [feid] (颜色)褪去:The color in this material will not fade faint ['feint] 不清楚的,模糊的,微弱的:a faint idea dominate ['d?mineit] 分配,统治:a white dominated society donate [d??'ne?t] 捐赠,赠送:They donate to the Red Cross every year. doom [du:m] 命运,厄运,劫数:His doom was to be poverty. doze [d?uz] 打瞌睡,打盹儿:The old lady dozed in her armchair. drain [drein] 慢慢排去:drain water from a pool dread [dred] 怕,畏惧:I dread to think of what may happen. drift [drift] 漂流,漂泊:The sounds of music drifted up to us. dubious ['dju:bj?s] 引起怀疑的,不确定的:a dubious reply

due [dju:, du:] 欠款的,应支付的:A great deal of money is due to you. dump [d?mp] 倾倒,倾卸:He opened his bag and dumped its contents on the desk. duplicate ['dju:plik?t, 'dju:plikeit] 完全一样的,复制的:a duplicate key excess [ik'ses, 'ek-, 'ekses, ik's-] 超越,超过:an excess of supply over demand execute ['eksikju:t] 实行,实施,执行,履行:execute a plan exemplify [iɡ'zemplifai] 例示,举例证明,是…的例证 (或榜样等) :The teacher exemplified the use of the word exert [iɡ'z?:t] 用力,尽力:exert all one’s strength

第 17 天任务
sacrifice ['s? krifais] 献祭,供奉 a law banning the ~ of animals salute [s?'lju:t, sɑ:'lu:te] 敬礼,祝贺 ~ one’s superior officer retain [ri'tein] 保留,保持 ~the right to reply revenge [ri'vend?] 报仇,复仇 concentrate ['k?ns?ntreit] 集中,专心 concentrate one’s attention exhaust [iɡ'z?:st] 汲空,抽完:exhaust a well expel [ik'spel] 驱逐,赶走:expel an invader from a country expend [ik'spend] 花费,消费 (on, in) :They expended all their strength in (on) trying to climb out expire [ik'spai?, ek-] 满期,届期,(期限)终止:His term of office expires this year explicit [ik'splisit] 详尽的,明确的:give explicit directions exploit ['ekspl?it, ik's-]英勇的或冒险的行为或事迹:The daring of exploit of the parachutists were much admired exterior [ik'sti?ri?] 外部的,外面的,外表的:exterior decorations durable ['dju?r?bl] 耐用的:a durable fabric dwell [dwel] (dwelt 或 dwelled ) (尤指作为常住居民)居住: dwell on an island gesture ['d?est??] 手势,示意动作:raise one’s hands in a gesture of despair confine [k?n'fain, 'k?nfain] 限制, 使局限 They succeeded in confining the fire to a small area. conflict [k?n'flikt, 'k?nflikt] (尤指长期的)战争,战斗 The conflict between Greece and Troy lasted ten years. conform [k?n'f?:m] 遵照,适应 confirm to(或 with) the rules(the law) flourish ['flauri?] 茂盛,繁荣,兴旺:Painting flourished in Italy in the fifteenth century fluctuate ['fl?ktjueit]波动,起伏:You can’t march in a straight line to the victory, you fluctuate it flush [fl??] 脸红:Her cheeks flushed red forbid [f?'bid] 不许,禁止:Wine is absolutely forbidden to all the children forge [f?:d?] 锻炼:forge a horse-shoe out of an iron bar glance [ɡlɑ:ns, ɡl? ns] 一瞥,扫视:take a glance at the newspaper headlines glare [ɡlε?] 怒视,瞪眼:give the jury a glare dense [dens] 稠密的,密集的:a dense forest deposit [di'p?zit] 存放: She deposited her bag in the cloakroom.

depress [di'pres] 使沮丧,使消沉:That movie depressed me. deprive [di'praiv] 剥夺,使丧失:deprive sb. of his property derive [di'raiv] 取得,得到:He derived his enthusiasm for literature from his father. controversy ['k?ntr?,v?:si](尤之以文字形式进行的争论),辨证:a point of controversy convention [k?n'ven??n](正式)会议,(定期)大会:draft a new constitution at a convention convert [k?n'v?:t]转变,转化:convert coal to (into) pipeline gas convey [k?n'vei]运送,输送,传送:a wire conveys an electric current convict [k?n'vikt](经审讯)证明…有罪,宣判…有罪:He was convicted of smuggling coordinate [k?u'?:dinit, k?u'?:dineit] 调节,协调:coordinate the functions of government agencies cordial ['k?:dj?l] 热情友好的,热诚的,真心的:a cordial hello(smile, invitation) glimpse [ɡlimps] 一瞥,一看:have a glimpse of (into)sth glitter ['ɡlit?] 闪闪发亮(或发光) ,光彩夺目,闪耀:His language glitters with marvelous words glory ['ɡl?:ri] 光荣,荣誉:The soldiers hoped to win glory on the battle field glow [ɡl?u] 发热,发光,发红:the fire glowing in the darkness gossip ['ɡ?sip] 流言蜚语:give rise to gossip grant [ɡrɑ:nt, ɡr? nt] 同意,准予:grant a request grease [ɡri:s] 油脂,动物脂:the grease spot on the envelope heal [hi:l] 治愈,愈合:heal the sick heap [hi:p] (一)堆:a big heap of books hedge [hed?] (矮树)树篱:a quickset hedge

第 18 天任务
highlight ['hailait] 使显著,使突出: fracture ['fr? kt??] 裂缝,裂痕: a fracture in the pipe frequent ['fri:kw?nt, fri'kwent] 时常发生的,频繁的:His trips to France are less frequent now frown [fraun] 皱眉:frown at sb frustrate [fr?s'treit] 挫败,阻挠,使灰心,使无效:frustrate a plan furnish ['f?:ni?] 供应,提供:furnish blankets for the refugees fury ['fju?ri] 狂怒,暴怒:fly into a fury fuss [f?s] 大惊小怪,乱忙,小题大做:make much fuss over losing a penny hinder ['hind?] 妨碍,阻止:Bad weather hindered travel hint [hint] 暗示:drop(give ,throw out)a hint enforce [in'f?:s] 实施,使生效:The principal enforced the rules of the school finite ['fainait] 有限的,有限制的:a finite number of facts flare [flε?] (火焰)闪耀,(摇曳不定地)燃烧:candle flaring in the wind flash [fl? ?] 闪光,闪烁:a flash of lighting flat [fl? t] 平坦的,扁平的:a flat land inaccessible [,in? k'ses?bl] 达不到的:The two rocks at the top of the steep hill is at first sight inaccessible incline [in'klain] 倾斜:The shaft inclines almost thirty degree

incorporate [in'k?:p?reit, in'k?:p?r?t] 包含,吸收:His book incorporates his earlier essays incur [in'k?:] 招致,引起,遭受:incur sb’s displeasure(envy) modify ['m?difai] 修改,更改 ~a law momentary ['m?um?nt?ri] 片刻的,瞬息的 a ~ feeling of fear designate ['deziɡneit, 'deziɡnit, -neit] 指明,表明:designate boundaries desolate ['des?l?t, 'des?leit] 荒芜的,不毛的:desolate land despise [di'spaiz] 蔑视,鄙视:He despises flattery. detach [di't? t?] 拆卸:They detached their trailer and set up camp. diagnose ['dai?ɡn?uz, ,dai?ɡ'n?uz] 诊断,判断:The doctor diagnosed the illness as influenza. dictate [dik'teit, 'dikteit] 口授,使听写:dictate a letter to a secretary coincide [,k?uin'said] 相符,相一致 100 Centigrade coincides with 212 Fahrenheit. collaborate [k?'l? b?reit] (尤指在文艺、科学等方面)合作,协作 He and I collaborated in writing plays. collapse [k?'l? ps] 倒坍,崩溃,瓦解 The roof collapsed under the weight of the snow. collide [k?'laid] 碰撞,互撞 The car collided with the truck. commemorate [k?'mem?reit] 纪念,庆祝 commemorate a holiday commend [k?'mend] 表扬,称赞 commend a soldier for bravery extinct [ik'sti?kt] (火等)熄灭了的:an extinct cigarette(fire) extinguish [ik'sti?ɡwi?] 熄灭,扑灭:extinguish a cigarette(candle) multiply ['m?ltiplai] 乘,相乘~ 7 and 8 narrate ['n? reit, n?'reit] 叙述,讲述 ~ the story of sb’s life negligent ['neɡlid??nt] 疏忽的,大意的 be ~ about traffic regulations indignant [in'diɡn?nt] 愤怒的,愤慨的:The actress was at the columnist’s personal questions indispensable [,indis'pens?bl] 必不可少的,必需的(to. for) Oxygen is indispensable to life : induce [in'dju:s, in'du:s] 引诱,劝使:Nothing will induce me to do that infer [in'f?:] (根据已知事实等) 推断, (from) From his grades I inferred that he was a good 推定 : student ingenious [in'd?i:nj?s] (人,头脑等)灵巧的,足智多谋的:an ingenious designer instant ['inst?nt] 紧急的,急迫的,立即的,即刻的:be in instant need of help iinsulate ['insjuleit, 'ins?-] 隔音,使隔绝(以免受到影响) :We are not insulated from the real world the way we were insult [in's?lt] 侮辱,辱骂:She insulted him by calling him a coward flatter ['fl? t?] 奉承,使高兴:I feel greatly flattered by your invitation

第 19 天任务
flee [fli:] 逃走,逃掉:The enemy troops fled in utter confusion flexible ['fleksibl] 柔韧, 易弯曲的:flexible cord fling [fli?](用力)扔,掷,抛,丢:fling sb into prison hoist [h?ist] 举起,升起,吊起:The war hoisted prices homogeneous [,h?m?'d?i:ni?s, ,h?u-] 同种类的,同性质的,有相同特征的:homogeneous

parts horizon [h?'raiz?n] 地平(线) :The sun has sunk below the horizon hospitable [h?'spit?bl, 'h?spit?bl] 好客的,殷勤的,热情友好的:be hospitable to the homeless hostile ['h?stail, -t?l] 敌人的,敌方的:a hostile army withstand [wi?'st?nd, wiθ-] 经受,承受 ~hardships speculate ['spekjuleit] 推测,推断 I cannot ~ on their motives for doing this spill [spil] 溢出,溅出 The ship ~ed oil while in port spin [spin] 纺制 ~ cotton into yarn splash [spl? ?] 溅泼 A passing car ~ed my dress split [split] 劈开,切开,裂开 ~ the firewood with an axe sponsor ['sp?ns?] 发起者,主办者,保证人,赞助者 the ~ of the annual Christmas parade spot [sp?t] 斑点,污点 a blue tie with ~s spray [sprei] 浪花,水花 The new shower heads reduce ~ and waste less water sprout [spraut] 抽条,发芽,长出 The seeds we planted finally ~ed spur [sp?:] 靴刺,踢马刺 a pair of ~s renovate ['ren?uveit] 修复,整修 ~ a two storey building repel [ri'pel] 击退,抵制,拒绝,排斥 ~ the enemy repent [ri'pent] 后悔,懊悔 ~of a thoughtless act transmit [tr? nz'mit, tr? ns-, trɑ:n-] 播送,发射 ~ a match live transparent [tr? ns'p? r?nt, -'pε?-, tr? nz-, trɑ:n-] 透明的 Glass is ~ trifle ['traifl] 琐事,小事 One should not get angry about such a ~ trim [trim] 整齐的,整洁的 ~ lawns triple ['tripl] 三倍的,三重的,三部分的,三方的 triumph ['trai?mf, -?mf] 胜利 a ~ over the enemy trivial ['trivi?l] 琐碎的,不重要的,无价值的 ~ matters tuck [t?k] 夹入,藏入 He ~ed the letter in a book so he wouldn’t lose it tug [t?ɡ] (用力)拖或拉 He tugged the door but it wouldn’t open stroke [str?uk] 敲,打,鸣 drive in a nail with one ~ of the hammer tend [tend] 趋向,倾向 Interest rates are ~ing upwards tender ['tend?] 嫩的 a ~ piece of meat reproach [ri'pr?ut?] 责备,指责,斥责 mute ~ scratch [skr? t?] 抓,刮,擦 The cat ~ed me with its claws shield [?i:ld] 盾,保护物,防御物 They piled more sand on top as a ~ snob [sn?b] 势力的人,谄上欺下的人 a ~ of the first water soak [s?uk] 湿透,浸湿,浸泡 You shouldn’t have gone out in the rain-your clothes are ~ing sober ['s?ub?] 未醉的 A driver must stay ~ sophisticated [s?'fistikeitid] 老于世故的 a young man quite ~ for his age sore [s?:] 痛的,痛苦的,痛心的 touch sb on a ~ place sow [s?u] 播种 This plot of land was sown with maize

第 20 天任务
sparkle ['spɑ:kl] 发光,闪耀 Her eyes were sparkling with anger tentative ['tent?tiv] 试验性的,试探性的,暂时的,推测的 a ~plan terminate ['t?:mineit] 停止,结束,使终止 ~ a contract terrify ['terifai] 使害怕,使惊吓 She was terrified out of her wits testify ['testifai] 作 证 , 证 明 He agreed to ~ on behalf of the accused man humble ['h?mbl] 地位(或身份)低下的,卑贱的:a humble job hysterical [his'terik?l] 情绪异常激动的,歇斯底里的 an hysterical outburst of fury identical [ai'dentik?l] 同一的:the same (very)identical menu identify [ai'dentifai] 识别,鉴别:He identified the coat as his brother’s idle ['aidl] 闲散的,闲置的:idle money ignite [iɡ'nait] 点燃,使燃烧:ignite a stove fire with scraps of paper impose [im'p?uz] 征 (税) 加 , (负担, 惩罚等) (on, upon) impose additional tax on business 于 : expansion impulse ['imp?ls] 推动,驱动:give an impulse to the development of the friendly relations between the two countries intact [in't? kt]完整无缺的,未经触动的,未受损伤的:an intact family integrate ['intiɡreit, 'intiɡrit, -ɡreit] 使成一体,使合并(with, into) :integrate traditional Chinese medicine with western medicine interfere [,int?'fi?] 妨碍,冲突(with) :Misty weather interfered with the contact intermittent [,int?'mit?nt] 间歇的,断断续续的,周期性的:suffer from intermittent headaches hazard ['h? z?d] 危险,危害物,危险之源:a life full of hazards label ['leibl] 标签,标记,标号:put labels on your luggage lag [l? ɡ] 走得慢,落后,滞留:Some of the runners began to lag latent ['leit?nt] 潜在的,隐伏的,不易觉察的:a latent infection leak [li:k] 漏洞,裂缝:The pipe has got a leak initiate [i'ni?ieit, i'ni?i?t, -eit] 开始,发起:initiate a conversation innovate ['in?uveit] 革新,改革,创新(in,on/upon) :innovate on another’s creation tumble ['t?mbl] 跌到,滚下 The baby is just learning to walk and he’s always tumbling over tune [tju:n, tu:n] 曲调,曲子 She wrote the words of the song and her brother wrote the ~ turbulent ['t?:bjul?nt] 骚乱的,动荡的,混乱的,狂暴的 a ~ crowd twinkle ['twi?kl] 闪烁,闪耀,闪亮 The diamond on her finger ~d in the firelight twist [twist] 捻,搓,绞,拧 ~ a rope out of threads wholesome ['h?uls?m] 有益于健康的 ~ surroundings wicked ['wikid] 坏的,邪恶的,淘气的,恶作剧的 ~ habits tease [ti:z] 戏弄,取笑 The boy is teasing the cat tedious ['ti:di?s, 'ti:d??s] 单调乏味的,冗长的,罗嗦的 a ~ debate liable ['lai?bl] 会……的,有……倾向的 We are all liable to make mistakes liberal ['lib?r?l] 慷慨的,大方的 a liberal donation

limp [limp] 软的,松沓的 a young man in a limp gray sweater linger ['li?ɡ?]逗留,徘徊 The children lingered at the zoo until closing time lubricate ['lubrikeit] 使润滑 lubricate the skin with cold cream lump [l?mp] 块,小方块 a lump of coal

第 21 天任务
macroscopic [,m? kr?u'sk?pik] 肉眼可见的 magnet ['m? ɡnit] 磁铁,磁铁石 The pin was extracted with a magnet magnify ['m? ɡnifai] 放大,扩大 I want to magnify this picture malfunction [m? l'f??k??n] 发生功能障碍,发生障碍 If the computer malfunctions it fails to work properly manifest ['m? nifest] 显然的,明了的 manifest superiority nominal ['n?min?l] 名义的,有名无实的 a ~ leader nominate ['n?mineit, 'n?min?t, -neit] 提名 a ~ leader noteworthy ['n?ut,w?:? i]值得注意的,显著的 a ~ day intervene [,int?'vi:n] 插入,介入:A week intervenes between Christmas and New Year’s Day intricate ['intrik?t] 错综复杂的,复杂精细的:A detective story usually has an intricate plot invert [in'v?:t, 'inv?:t] 使反向,使倒转,使颠倒:The magician inverted the bag to show it was empty irrespective [,iri'spektiv] 不考虑的,不顾的(of) :irrespective of consequences irritate ['iriteit] 激怒,使恼怒,使烦躁:be irritated by sb’s insolence knit [nit] 编织,编结:She’s knitting her husband a sweater grieve [ɡri:v] 使悲伤,使伤心:The little girl grieved over her kitten’s death grind [ɡraind] (ground)磨,磨碎,碾碎:grind wheat into flour gross [ɡr?us] 总的,毛的:gross income guarantee [,ɡ? r?n'ti:] 保证,保证书,保单:Wealth is no guarantee of happiness hail [heil] 欢呼,喝彩:The crowd hailed the actress with joy halt [h?:lt] (行进中的)暂停前进,中止,终止:The car came to a sudden halt hamper ['h? mp?] 妨碍,阻碍:hamper sb from getting elected handicap ['h? ndik? p] 障碍,不利条件:Poor eyesight is a handicap to a student manipulate [m?'nipjuleit] (熟练地) 操作 Mr. Smith manipulated the ivory chopsticks with great dexterity merit ['merit] 长处,优点,价值,功绩 merits and demerits migrate [mai'ɡreit, 'maiɡ-] 移居(尤指移居国外) ,迁移 migrate to another country minimum ['minim?m] 最低限度,最少量,最低点 mobilize ['m?ubilaiz] 动员 Our country’s in great danger, we must ~ the army. ornament ['?:n?m?nt, '?:n?ment] 装饰品,点缀品 We bought ~s for the Christmas tree orthodox ['?:θ?d?ks] 正统的,正宗的 an ~ economic theory overflow [,?uv?'fl?u, '?uv?fl?u] 泛滥 Every spring the river ~s overhaul [,?uv?'h?:l, '?uv?h?:l] 大修,全面检查,彻底革新~ a faulty machine

overhear [,?uv?'hi?] 偶然听到,偷听到 I wouldn’t like to be ~d odd [?d] 奇数的,单的,奇怪的 One ,three five are ~numbers wicked ['wikid] 坏的,邪恶的,淘气的,恶作剧的 ~ habits

第 22 天任务
withhold ['wi?'h?uld, wiθ-] 使停止,阻挡 be obliged to ~ one’s pen withstand [wi?'st?nd, wiθ-] 经受,承受 ~hardships offence [?'fens] 犯法行为,过错 They were arrested for drug ~s. offset [,?f'set, ,?:-, '?fset, '?:-] 补偿,抵消 They gains ~the losses. omit [?u'mit] 省略,删去 Minor points may be omitted. overlap [,?uv?'l? p, '?uv?l? p] 重叠,部分相同 The Renaissance overlapped the later Middle Ages overthrow [,?uv?'θr?u, '?uv?θr?u] 推翻,打倒 a plot to ~ the government overwhelm [,?uv?'hwelm] 征服, 压倒, 毁坏 He took 45% of the ballots and ~ed his two main rivals pace [peis, 'peisi] 步,步速,步伐 He took three ~s forward pack [p? k] 包,包裹 The climber carried some food in a ~ on his back pant [p? nt] 气喘,气喘吁吁地说话 He ~ed along beside the bicycle patent ['p? tnt] 专利,专利权,专利品 take out a ~ for an invention periodical [,pi?ri'?dik?l] 期刊,杂志 a ~ room perish ['peri?] 卒,丧生~ from disease perpetual [p?'pet?u?l, -tju-] 永久的,永恒的,长期的 a ~ arms race notorious [n?u't?:ri?s] 臭名昭著的 a ~ thief notwithstanding [,n?twiθ'st?ndi?, -wi?-] 虽然,尽管 They traveled on,~ the storm nourish ['n?ri?, 'n?:-] 养育 Milk is all we need to ~our small baby numb [n?m] 麻木的,失去感觉的 fingers ~ with cold object ['?bd?ikt, -d?ekt, ?b'd?ekt] 物体,事物 cultural ~s obscure [?b'skju?, ?b-] 晦涩的,费解的 an ~ text nasty [['nɑ:sti, 'n? s-]] 龌龊的,肮脏的 a~ room necessitate [ni'sesi,teit, n?-] 使成为必须,需要 The emergency ~d a change in plans. obsolete ['?bs?li:t, ,?bs?'li:t] 废弃的,淘汰的 Wooden warships are ~. obstinate ['?bstinit, -n?t] 顽固的, 固执的, 倔强的 The girl would go her own way, in spite of all warnings occasion [?'kei??n, ?u-] 时刻,场合 They met on three ~s opaque [?u'peik] 不透明的 A brick wall is ~. portable ['p?:t?bl, 'p?u-] 便于携带的,手提式的,轻便的 This little TV is extremely ~ pose [p?uz] 姿势,样子 The model was asked to adopt various ~s for the photographer

第 23 天任务
rally ['r? li] 集合,团结 ~ public opinion in favor of price controls paralyze ['p? r?laiz] 使瘫痪,使麻痹 A stroke ~d half his face

impartial [im'pɑ:??l]不偏不倚的;公正的 remark [ri'mɑ:k] 评论,议论 (on, upon) It would be rude to ~ upon her appearance remedy ['remidi] 治疗,治疗法,药品 a folk ~ spectacle ['spekt?kl] 景象,奇观,壮观,场面 The burning house was a terrible ~ squeeze [skwi:z] 榨,挤 ~ juice from oranges stern [st?:n] 严厉的,苛刻的 a ~ punishment stimulate ['stimjuleit] 刺激,促使 ~ economic growth ignore [iɡ'n?:] 不顾,不理,忽视:He who ignores history is doomed to repeat it illuminate [i'lju:mineit] 照明, 照亮, 解释, 启发, 启迪: The room was poorly illuminated by one candle patch [p? t?] 补钉,补片 patches at elbows of a jacket hip [hip] n.臀部,髋;屋脊 pave [peiv] 铺路,铺砌,铺筑 ~ a road with concrete hum [h?m] v.哼曲子;发嗡嗡声;忙碌 n.嗡嗡声,嘈杂声 profound [pr?u'faund] 很深的 a ~ sleep prohibit [pr?u'hibit] 禁止 Tourist class passengers are ~ed from using the first class lounge prolong [pr?'l??, 'l?:?] 延长,拉长,拖延 a means of ~ing life proclaim [pr?u'kleim] 宣告,宣布,声明 ~ war prosper ['pr?sp?] 兴旺,繁荣,昌盛,成功 His farm ~ed through good management provoke [pr?u'v?uk] 挑动,激起,导致 He tried to ~ them into fighting radiate ['reidieit](光,热等)辐射,发射 The sun ~s light and heat radical ['r? dik?l] 根本的,基本的 a ~ error humiliate [hju:'milieit] v.使羞辱,使丢脸[同]disgrace lapse [l? ps] n.失误; (时间的)流逝 vi.逐渐下降;终止 laptop ['l? pt?p] n.小型计算机 perplex [p?'pleks] 使困惑,使茫然 The question ~ed him persecute ['p?:sikju:t] 虐待,残害,迫害 ~ animals perspective [p?'spektiv] 透视画法,透视图 a lesson in drawing class on ~ pessimistic [,pesi'mistik] 悲观的 I am ~ about my chances of getting the job petition [pi'ti??n] 请愿,请愿书 get up a ~ pierce [pi?s] 刺入,刺穿,穿透 The thorn ~d his heel pilot ['pail?t] 飞行员,驾驶员 pin [pin] 大头针,别针 pinch [pint?] 捏,拧,夹 I ~ed myself to make sure I wasn’t dreaming plausible ['pl?:z?ble] 论点等貌似有理的 a ~ excuse plead [pli:d] 恳求,请求 His parents ~ed that he should be given one more chance pledge [pled?] 保证,誓言,誓约 fulfill one’s ~ plot [pl?t] 小块土地 a vegetable ~ plug [pl?ɡ] 塞子,栓 He wears rubber ~s in his ears when he swims

第 24 天任务
illustrate ['il?streit] (用图或例子) 说明, 阐明: complicated rule can be illustrated by a simple A example immerse [i'm?:s] 使浸没:He immersed himself in the pool shrewd [?ru:d] 机灵的,敏锐的,精明的 a ~ guess synchronize ['si?kr?naiz] 使同步,使结合,使协调 Their steps ~d taboo [t?'bu:, t? -] 禁忌,忌讳 Movies producers attempted to break down all the ~s tackle ['t? kl] 用具,装备 shaving ~ transient ['tr? nzi?nt, -si-, -??nt, 'trɑ:n-] 短暂的,转瞬即逝的 ~ happiness simulate ['simjuleit] 假装,冒充 use tricks to ~ illness sketch [sket?] 素描,速写 make a ~ of a face in pencil slack [sl? k] 不紧的,不严的 a ~ soft rope slender ['slend?] 苗条的,修长的,细长的 She is ~ and has long dark hair edible ['edibl] 可以吃的,可食用的:edible oil elaborate [i'l? b?r?t, i'l? b?reit] 精心计划(或制作)的,详尽的:an elaborate plot plunge [pl?nd?] 猛地投入或插入 He ran to the edge of the swimming pool and ~d in pocket ['p?kit] 衣袋,口袋,袋子 a change ~ poll [p?ul] 民意测验 A recent ~ shows a change in public opinion layman ['leim?n] n.俗人,外行,门外汉 random ['r? nd?m] 胡乱的,任意的,随意的,a ~talk reap [ri:p] 收割,收获 ~ the rice in the field rear [ri?] 后部,后边,背部 a garden at the ~ of the house reckon ['rek?n] 计算,数 ~ the days till Christmas hurl [h?:l] vt.猛投,力掷;大声叫骂 hurricane ['h?rik?n] n.飓风 ;十二级风 hypocrisy [hi'p?krisi] n.伪善,虚伪 ideology [,aidi'?l?d?i, ,idi-] n.意识形态, (政治或社会的)思想意识 infrastructure ['infr?,str?kt??] n.基础结构,基础设施 inhale [in'heil] v.吸入(气体等) ,吸(烟) juvenile ['d?u:v?nail, -nil] n.少年 a.青少年的,适合青少年的;幼稚的 kin [kin] n.家族,亲属 a.亲属关系的 reclaim [ri'kleim] 使改过,改造 ~ former criminals recollect [,rek?'lekt] 回忆,想起 I am trying to ~ a forgotten address recommend [,rek?'mend] 推荐,称赞 He ~ed me for the post of headmaster reconcile ['rek?nsail] 使和解,使和好 After each fight they ate soon ~d recruit [ri'kru:t] 招募(新兵)招收(新成员)try to ~300 men in two days rectify ['rektifai] 纠正,改正,矫正 ~ the mistakes in a bill refine [ri'fain] 提炼~ crude oil into various petroleum products pump [p?mp] 泵 fill a bucket from the ~

pursue [p?'sju:, -'su:] 追赶,追随,追求 He felt their eyes pursuing him quench [kwent?] 消除,平息,压制,扑灭 ~ hatred queue [kju:] 一队人,一行列车 from a ~ quit [kwit] 停止,放弃 It hasn’t ~ raining yet peculiar [pi'kju:lj?] 奇怪的,古怪的 He has always been a little ~ peel [pi:l] 削皮,剥皮 peel potatoes penetrate ['penitreit] 穿透,渗入 The nail ~d the wood at least two inches perceive [p?'si:v] 感知,感觉,觉察 He was only able to ~ light and color ;he could not see properly

第 25 天任务
perfume [p?'fju:m] 香水,香料,香气 She loves French ~(s) hop [h?p] v.人单足跳;跳上(车等)n.蹦跳;短程飞行 hound [haund] n.猎狗;卑鄙的人 vt.用猎狗追,追逐 hover ['h?v?, 'h?-] vi. 盘旋;徘徊 howl [haul] n.怒吼,嗥叫 vi.(风等)怒吼,咆哮 huddle ['h?dl] vi.挤作一团;蜷缩 vt.聚集 n.挤在一起的人 quiver ['kwiv?] 颤抖,抖动 ~ with cold quote [kw?ut, k?ut] 引用,引述,援引 She ~d several verses to us rack [r? k] 架子,支架,搁架 a clothes ~ refresh [ri'fre?, ri:-] 使恢复活力,使振作精神 Sleep ~es the body refute [ri'fju:t, ri:-] 驳斥,驳倒 The argument cannot be d at the moments regenerate [ri'd?en?reit, ri:-] 使恢复,使复兴,再生 The human body can ~ hair, nails, etc reign [rein] 为王,统治 In England ,the sovereign ~s but does not rule reinforce [,ri:in'f?:s] 增援,加强 They hope to ~ their domination in these countries rejoice [ri'd??is] 使感到高兴,使充满喜悦 The whole nation ~ over the victory relate [ri'leit] 讲述,叙述 She ~d the experience of a Chinese girl in the United States rescue ['reskju:] 营救,救援,搭救 ~ hostages held by the terrorists resent [ri'zent] 怨恨 ~ those unfair comments reserve [ri'z?:v] 保留,储备 We’ll the ticket for you till tomorrow noon resolve [ri'z?lv] 决定,打定注意要 Have you ~d where to go next? resort [ri'z?:t] 求助,凭借,诉诸 ~ to sb for help reverse [ri'v?:s] 相反的,颠倒的,倒退的 a ~ dictionary revive [ri'vaiv] 苏醒,复苏 He is dead and never will ~ ridiculous [ri'dikjul?s] 可笑的,荒唐的,荒谬的 rigid ['rid?id] 刚性的,坚硬的 a ~ piece of plastic ripe [raip] 成熟的,时机成熟的 a ~ cluster of grapes rot [r?t] 腐烂,腐坏,腐朽,腐败,腐化 Meat may ~ if it is not refrigerated roundabout ['raund?,baut] 绕道的,绕圈子的,不直接的 The car has to take a ~ course to avoid the flood

scorn [sk?:n] 轻蔑,鄙视 He ~s lying scrap [skr? p] 碎片,零屑 ~s of bread scrape [skreip] 刮,擦 ~one’s chin elevate ['eliveit]举起,提高,抬起:elevate the living standards of the people fascinate ['f? sineit] 强烈的吸引,迷住,使神魂颠倒:be fascinated with history emigrate ['emiɡreit] 移居外国(或外地区):emigrate from Canada to Australia emit [i'mit] 发出,散发 (光,热,电度,声音,液体,气味等) ,发射电子:The chimney emitted a cloud of smoke endeavor [in'dev?] (为达到某一目的而)努力,尝试:How much he endeavored, goal stayed unattained compulsory [k?m'p?ls?ri] 必须做的,义务的 a compulsory subject conceal [k?n'si:l] 隐藏,隐瞒,隐蔽 He concealed his disappointment from his friends. conceive [k?n'si:v] 构想出,设想 conceive an idea restore [ri'st?:] 恢复,修复,康复 The temple has been ~d out of all recognition restrain [ri'strein] 抑制,遏止 ~ one’s anger resume [rezju:'mei, ri'zju:m; -'zu:m] 重新开始,继续 When I quit golf, I ~d writing rouse [rauz] 惊起 The boat ~d wild ducks to flight row [r?u] 吵闹,争吵 What’s all this ~ about? rub [r?b] 擦,摩擦 He rubbed his eyes rust [r?st] 锈,铁锈 Iron gathers ~easily ruthless ['ru:θlis] 无情的,残忍的,冷酷的 a~ enemy sack [s? k] 麻袋,纸袋,塑料袋 a ~of cement sacred ['seikrid] 神圣的 the ~ name of God

第三章

英语构词法(版权所有:吴耀武)

1.表示反义或否定的词缀 加 在 以 “l” 开头的词 前 加在字母 m,b,p 之 前 illegal 不合法的; illiterate 文盲; illegitimate 非法的 impracticable 行不通的; invisible 不可见的; irrational 不合理的; inaccurate 不准确的; irresistable 不可抗拒的; maltreat 虐待; malfunction 机能失常; malcontent 不满的; malnutrition 营 养 不 良 ; maladminister 对……管理不 善 mistake 错误 nonmetal 非金属; non-ferrous 非铁的; nonviolent 非 暴 力 的 ; nonprofessional 无职业的 separation 分离; secure 安全; segregation 隔离,分开 unpredictable 无法预言的; unknown 未知的 waterproof 防水的; boomproof 防弹的; soundproof 隔音的; burglar-proof 防盗的 careless 不细心的; selfishless 无私的



il-



反 义 否 定



iminir-

not,in,into 否 定, 加强或引申意 义

mal-

bad,badly 恶, 不良

misnon-

bad,badly 错, 坏 not 否定

se-

分离

un后 缀

加在形、 副、名词前 加在名词 后 加在名词 后

not 否定 ( adj . 防 …… ) 的, not 否定

-proof

-less

2.表示时间的常用词缀:
词缀 位置 意义 before 在 …… 之 前 例词 ante-room 前厅; ante-Christian 基督降生前; antecedent 先行的,先时的

ante-

时 前

ex-

前任的

ex-president 前 总 统 ; ex-premier 前总理 foremost 最前的; forecast 预测; forefather 前人,祖先; forehead 前额; foretell 预言; foreground 前景; foresee 预见 prehistory 史前: prerequisite 先决条件; prelude 序 言 前 奏 曲 ; pre-election 大选前; Prefix 前缀 programme 节目单; prologue 序言,序幕; prophet 预言家 protohydrogen 初氢; prototype 原型; protoplasm 原生质; protoplast 原物,原型 Metaphor 隐喻; metaphrase 逐字硬译; metaphysics 形而上学 postwar 战后; postgraduate 研究生; post-liberation 解放后 retrograde 倒退的; retrospect 回顾



缀 forebefore 前.预先

时 前 间 缀

pre-

before 之前

pro-

预先的

proto-

原始,初

meta-

在……之后, 变化,变位 after 之后

post-

retro-

back 往后的

3.表示数字的常用词缀: 词缀 demihemisemimonouni数 前 one 单一 位置 意义 半 例词 demigod 半神半人; hemicycle 半圆形建筑 semiautomatic 半 自 动 的 ; semimechanized 半机械化的 monomotor 单发动机;monowheel 单轮 uniform 均匀的; unipolar 单极的; unicellular 单细胞的: uniaxial 单轴的;

unilateralism 单边主义 字 缀 ambiamphi两 周围 ambiguous 有两个意义的, 暧昧的; amphitheater 圆形剧场; ambidextrous 左右手都善用; amphibian 两栖的 bimetalic 双金属的; bimotor 双发动机; biweekly 双周(刊) ; biyearly 两年一次的 二,双 didioxide 二氧化物; diode 二级管; diphthong 双元音 triangle 三角形; tripod 三角架; triennial 每三年一次的; triple 三倍的; tricar 三轮车; triode 三极管 quadruple 四倍的; quadrangle 四边形; quadricentennial 四百周年纪念 pentagon 五角大楼; pentagram 五 角星形: pentameter 五步诗句 五 quinta-fever 五日回归热; quintessence 精华(古代所谓组成 天体的“第五元素”) sexangle 六角; sexennial 六年一度的; sexcentenary 六周年纪念 September 九月(古罗马的七月) ; septennial 七年一度的 七 heptad 七人集团; heptagon 七角形 octagon 八角形; October 十月; : octad 八价元素; octopus 章鱼 nonagon 九角形; ennead 九个一组 十 decimal 十 进位的; decagramme 十克;

bi-

tri-



前 数 缀 字 quinquequinquiquinquasexsexiseptheptaoctaoctoctononaenneadeciquadriquadrupenta四







deca-

decade 十年,十个合成一组 centimetre 厘米(百分之一米) ; omtilitre 厘升(百分之一升) ; centipede 蜈蚣(百脚虫) Kilowatt 千瓦; kilometer 千米; kilogram(me)公斤,千克 millennial 千年的; milligram 毫克 Multi-coloured 颜色多样的, Multi-national 多 民 族 的 ; multiform 多种形式的; multilateral 多边的; multipole 多极 polygon 多边形; polyatomic 多原子的; polyphase 多相的; polyunclear 多核的

centi-

百,百分之 一 千 千,千分之 一

kilomilli-

multi-

许多

poly-

多,复,聚

4.动词化常用词缀: 词缀 动 前 缀 be位置 意义 to make intensive 使……加强 in,into,to make 使……,使人 例词 belittle 使缩小,贬低; befriend 友好相待,帮助 enlarge 扩大; enable 使……能; embed 埋置,嵌进; empower 使……能; encage 关人笼中; embrace 拥抱; endear 受喜爱; embody 收录,体现; harden 使硬; lengthen 使变长; weaken 使变弱; broaden 加宽; magnify 放大; simplify 简化; purify 提纯; certify 证明; glorify 颂扬; electrify 使电气化



enem-



-en

加在形容 词前或后

(v.)make 使变 成……

后 -ify 缀 ( v . cause to ) 加在名词、 become 形容词后 使……成, 使…… 化

-ish

(v. 从法文借来 ) 的

abolish 废除. blandish 讨好; cherish 爱护; perish 毁灭 realize 实现; mechanize 机械化; analyse,analyze 分析; Americanize 美 国 化 ; popularize 推广 activate 使活动

-ize -ise -yze -yse -ate

加在形容 词后

(v. )cause to be of have 以……方 式对待;……化 (v.) 使成为

5.名词化常用词缀: 词缀 -an 名 后 词 缀 化 -ard 加在形容 词后 加在名词 后 加在名词 后 加在动词 后 -ant -ent 加在动词 后 位置 加在形容 词后 意义 例词 Asian 亚洲人; electrician 电工; physician 医生 applicant 申 请 人 ; correspondent 通 信 者 ; resistant 抵抗者; servant 仆人; defendant 被告 drunkard 酒鬼; coward 懦夫 humanitarian 人道主义者: octogenarian 八 十 至 八 十 九岁的人; democrat 民 主 人 士 ; bureaucrat 官僚 addressee 收件人; employee 雇员; examinee 应试人; refugee 难民; pioneer 开拓者; volunteer 志愿者; auctioneer 拍卖商; engineer 工程师; rocketeer 火 箭 专 家 ; electioneer 竞选的人 manufacturer 制 造 人 ; best-seller 畅销货;

-arian

(n. )one who。that which 表人

-crat

-ee

名 后 -eer 加在名词 后

词 -er (-or) 加在动词 后

缀 -ese 化

加在地名 后 加在地名 上 (n. )one who。that which 表人

survivor 幸存音; adapter 改编者 Chinese 中 国人. 汉语; Portuguese 葡萄牙人, 葡萄 牙语; Japanese 日本人; hostess 女主人; manageress 女经理; actress 女演员 Mile.an 非洲人; American 美 国 人 ; Australian 澳大利亚人 electrician 电学专家; logician 逻 辑 学 家 ; mathematician 数学家 Swedish 瑞典的,瑞典人; Irish 爱尔兰的,爱尔兰人 socialist 社 会 主 义 者 ; dramatist 剧作家; dentist 牙科医生; botanist 植物学家 accelerator 加速器; actor 演员; collector 收 藏 家 ; accumulator 存 储 器 ; accommodator 替工 youngster 年轻人; gangster 歹徒; trickster 骗子 proposal 提案; professional 专业人员; (n. )act;one who; signal 信号; that which 表动作, approval 同意; 事物 refusal 拒绝; arrival 到达 passage 通道; breakage 破损; shortage 缺乏; (n. state; ) quality, courage 勇气; act 表状态, 性质, 行 shrinkage 收缩; 为,情况 importance 重 要 性 ; confidence 自信心; independence 独 立 ;

-ess

加在动词 后 -an 加在地名 后 加在形容 词后 加在国家名 称之后 加在名词 后

-ian

-ician

-ish① 后 -ist

缀 名 -or 加在动词 后 加在形容 词后

-ster 词

-al 化

加在动词 后



-age

加在动词 后 加在形容 词后

-ance -ence

缀 名 -ancy -ency 加在形容 词后

appearance 外貌; existence 存在 consistency 贯性; frequency 频率; urgency 紧迫性 accuracy 准确性; policy 政策; bureaucracy 官 僚 主 义 ; infancy 婴儿期; bankruptcy 破产; diplomacy 外交 freedom 自由; wisdom 智慧; chiefdom 首 领 地 位 ; kingdom 王国 slavery 奴隶制; bravery-勇敢; refinery 提炼厂 neighborhood 邻 里 ; livelihood 生计; manhood 男 子 气 概 ; fatherhood 父亲的身份; falsehood 谬误 fashion 时髦; decision 决定; addition 增加; dominion 统 治 权 ; description 描写 unity 团结一致; maturity 成熟性; conductivity 传 导 性 ; visibility 能见度 enjoyment 欣 赏 ; management 管 理 ; instrument 工具; punishment 惩罚 partnership 伙 伴 关 系 ; sportmanship 运动员道德; leadership 领导; citizenship 公民身份; championship 冠军头衔 bounty 慷慨; loyalty 忠实;



-cy

加在形容 词后



-dom

加在形容 词后

-ery

加 在 名 词、 动词、 形容词后

-hood 加在名词 后 -ion -tion -sion

加在动词 后

(n. )表示特性或情 况 (n. state, ) quality, act 表状态, 性质, 行 为

-ity

加在形容 词后

-ment

加在动词 后

-ship

加在名词 后

-ty

加在形容

词后 加在形容 词后

certainty 肯定; plenty 丰富 entry 进 A; difficulty 困难; victory 胜利 consciousness 觉 悟 ; darkness 黑暗; busyness 忙碌; kindness 善良 (n. )表示倍数 ( n .) 构 成 图 “画”“字”等含义 (n.)用于写或记录 的仪器 twofold 二倍的; manifold 许 多 倍 的 ; thousand fold 千倍的 diagram 图表; program 大纲,节目单; telegram 电报 calculagraph 计 时 器 ; micrograph 微写器; seismograph 地 震 仪 ; chorograph 位置测定器

-y①

-ness

加在形容 词后

-fold

加在数词 后 加在名词 后 加在动词 后

-gram

-graph

-la

加在形容 词后

(n. disease, ) state, pneumonia 肺炎; quality 疾病,集合, media 媒介; 抽象名词 militia 民兵 acoustics 声学; aerobatics 技巧飞行术; economics 经 济 学 ; electrostatics 静电学 astronomy 天文学; economy 经济; taxonomy 分 类 学 ; autonomy 自冶权 (n. )state, do 才 trine, system 表行为, 状态,制度,社会信 仰,学说 ( n .) small , unimportant 小 criticism 批评; formalism 形式主义; impressionism 印象主义; capitalism 资本主义 booklet 小册子; leaflet 嫩叶,传单; cutlet 肉片; streamlet 小溪

-ics

加在名词 后 (n. )表示一门学科

-nomy

加在形容 词后 加在名词 或动词之 后

-ism

-let

加在名词 后

-logy

加在名词 后

( n . ) biology 生物学; discourse.study 论, ideology 思想(体系) ; 研究 technology 技 术 ; archaeology.考古学; etymology 词源学;

geology 地质学 -ette 加在名词 后 (n. )表示假的,人 造的代用品 cigarette 香烟; flannelette 棉法兰绒; leatherette 人 造 革 ; kitchenette 小厨房 piping 管道系统; wiring 配线 birth 出生; depth 深度; growth 生长; breadth 宽度; truth 真理; fishery 渔业; carpentry 木匠业; bravery 勇敢; bakery 面包坊 departure 离开; exposure 曝光; expenditure 支出; disclosure 透露; doggy 小狗儿; daddy 爸爸; deary 宝贝儿,; fatty 胖子 speedometer 测违仪

-ing

加在动词 后 加在形容 词、 动词、 数词后 加 在 名 词、形容 词、动词 之后

( n .) indicating material 表示材料 (n. )第……,性质

-th

-try -ery

(n. )表示集体、地 点

表示行为及其结果 -ure 加在动词 后 加 在 称 呼、形容 词后 (n. )小,呢称

-y②

-meter 6.形容词化常用词缀: 词缀 -able -ible 位置 加在动词 后

仪器

意义 (adj.)capable of, suitable for 能 (为) ……的, 适于… 的

例词 noticeable 值 得 注 意 的 ; portable 可携带的; avoidable 可 避 免 的 ; possible 可能的

-al 形 后 容 -an -ian -ean -ate -ute

加在名词 后

functional 起作用的; (adj. )related to; natural 自然的; like 具有……性质的, editorial 编辑的; 如……的 educational 教育上的; national 民族的 suburban 郊区的; Canadian 加拿大的;European 欧洲 的;African 非洲的 fortunate 幸 运 的 ; considerate 考虑周到的; passionate 热 情 的 ;

加在地名 上 加在动词 后

(adj. )like,related 关于……的,有…… 性质的



contribute 贡献 缀 化 -ed 加在名词 后 pleased 愉快的; (adj.) adjective form armed 武装的; of nouns and verbs aged 上了年纪的; 有……的 cultured 有教养的: talented 有才能的; ( adj . having the ) quality of 有……性质 的,似……的 ( adj . having the ) quality of 充 满 …… 的,具有……性质的 woolen 毛的; golden 金色的; rotten 腐败的; wooden 木制的 fruitful 有成果的;doubtful 有怀疑的; cheerful 高兴的; peaceful 和平的;wonderful 好极了 的 handful 少量; spoonful 一茶 匙的量; glassful 一玻璃杯的 量 heroic 英雄般的;metallic 金属的; logical 合 逻 辑 的 ; microscopic 显微镜的 acid 酸的;arid 干燥的; florid 绚烂的;horrid 可怕 的;acrid 刻薄的 agonizing 令 人 痛 苦 的 ; appetizing 开胃的; fascinating 迷人的; exciting 使人兴奋的 childish 孩子气的;㈨ish 傻 里傻气的; selfish 自私自利 . 的 greenish 浅 绿 色 的 ; yellowish 淡黄色的 definite 一定的; opposite 相 对的;favorite 特别喜欢的 fearless 无畏的; boundless 无边的; useless 无用的; homeless 无家可归的; warlike 好战的;

-en

加在名词 后

形 容词 化

后 缀 -ful

加在名词 后

加在容器 后

(adj. 表示某容器的 ) 容量

-ic (-ical)

加在名词 后 加在动词 后

(adj. like, ) related to 类似的,具有……的

-id

(adj.)state 性质

-ing

加在名词 后 加在普通 名词之后

(adj .) 构成现在分词 作定浯 (adj.)表具有……性 质或含有轻蔑的意思 (adj.)表略带颜色的

-ish

加在表颜 色的形容 词后 加在动词 后

-ite

( adj. ) related to , having the quality of 具有…… 性质的

-1ess

加在名词 后 加在名词

( adj. ) without 没 有……的 ( adj. ) having the

-like -ous -eous -ious -iois

后 加在名词 后

quality of 有 …… 性 质的,象……的 ( adj . having the ) quality of 富有……的

dreamlike 梦 一 般 的 ; humanlike 象人类的 advantageous 有 利 的 ; famous 著名的; various 各种各样的; courageous 英勇的 troublesome 讨 厌 的 ; lonesome 寂寞的; loathsome 讨厌的; fulsome 讨厌的 hairy 多毛发的; irony 铁似的

-some

( adj . having the ) 加 在 形 容 quality of 象……的, 词、名词、 引 起 …… 的 , 易 动词后 于……的,有……倾 向的 加在名词 后 ( adj .) full of , covered with,having the quality of 充满, 包 含

-y

7.表示属性的常用词缀: 词缀 macro位置 意义 large 大的 例词 macrobian 长寿的(人). ; rnacroworld 宏观世界; macroclimate 大气候 miniskirt 超短裙; minibus 小公共汽车; miniature 小画像,小型的 microwave 微波; microscope 显 微 镜 ; microbus 微型公共汽车; microfilm 缩 微 胶 卷 ; micro-switch 微型开关 eugenics 优生学; eulogize 赞美; eulogy 赞美; euphony 悦耳; eupeptic 消化良好的 maltreat 虐待; malfunction 机能失常; malcontent 不 满 的 ; malnutrition 营养不良; maladminister 对……管理 不善 neorealism 新现实主义; neolithic 新石器时代的;





mini-

small,little 小

缀 micro性 small 微

eu属 前

good,well 优,善

缀 性

mal-

bad,badly 恶,不良

neo-

new 新

neotropical 新热带区的; neoclassic(a1)新古典主 义; neoimpressionism 新印 象主义 pseudoscience 伪 科 学 ; pseudonym 笔名,假名; pseudomorph 假象; pseudo-democratic 假民主 Thermometer 温 度 计 ; thermodyamics 热力学 eclipse(天体)食; ecstasy 狂想; eccentric(人、行为)古怪 的;行为古怪的人 orthogonal 直角的; orthodox 正统; orthograph 正 投 影 图 ; orthoepy 正音 heteropolar 异 极 的 ; heteroatom 异质原子 homogeneous 均 匀 的 ; homopolar 同极的; homosexual 同 性 恋 的 ; homograph 同形异义字; homogeneous 同类的, 同族 的 symmetric 对称的; syllable 音节; system 系统; synchronous 同 步 的 ; synonym 同义词: synthetic 合成的 teleprinter 电传打字机; telescope 望远镜; teleswitch 摇控开关 automate 使 自 动 化 ; autonomy 自治,自治权; autoignite 自燃; autostable 自 动 稳 定 ; automobile 汽车;

pseudo-

false 假

thermo-

heat 热

ec-

异常的

ortho-

正确,直

hetero-

other 不同的

homo-

same 同等

symsynsylsys-

with,together 共同

tele-

远的,终端

auto-

self 自动

8.表示方向、位置的常用词缀:

词缀 前 缀 overup-

位置

意义 above,在…之上 向上,在上 下,在下,其次 次,亚,低于,不 足

例词 over bridge 天桥; overhead 头顶的 uphold 高举; upright 垂直的 subway 地道; submarine 水下的 substandard 低 于 标准 规格 的;succeed 继承; suffix 后缀;

sub-

前 方 向 缀 位 置 under-

underdone 半生不熟的; undersea 在海底; underline 在……下划线; Beneat, 在..之下; underwear 内衣: 低于, 次于, 下内 underpants 内裤; (衣服) underestimate 估 计 过 低 ; underground 地下的: undergrown 发育不全的; interpersonal 人 与 人 之 间 between; among; 的, one with or on internal 内 部 [政 ]的 ,国内 another 在 …… 的;interchange 交换; 中, 在……间; 互 international 国际的; 相 interconnect 使互相联系 Inside 在内; 内部 intracardiac 心 脏 内 部 的 ; intramolecular 分子内部的; intracellulor 细 胞 内 部 的; intrapersonal 个人内心的 introduce 介 绍 ; introspect 反省 midair 半空中; midstream 中 流 external 外部的;emit 发射; 发表(意见) ;发行 extranuclear 核 外 的 ; extrasolar 太阳系以外的; extraordinary 非 常 的 ; extra.territorial 治外法权; extra. European 欧洲以外的 transmit 传送; tradition 惯例; transoceanic 横渡大洋的; transnormal 超 出 常 规 的:

inter-

intra-

intromideex-

到……之中 rniddle 中,中间

out,away 外 outside,outward 在……外,向外

extra-

trans- tra-

across 转换, 横过, 越过

transplant 移植; 后 -ern 加在名词 后 表示方向 eastern 东方的; southern 南方的; western 西方的; northern 北方的 upward(s)向上; outward(s)向外; endways 末端而上的; backwards 往 后 退 地 ; lengthways 纵长的 crosswise 成十字形; stepwise 逐步的,分段的; lengthwise 纵长的



-ward -wards -ways

加在名词、 ( adv . toward ) 介词后 表方向

(adv.&dgj. )in clock-wise 顺时针;
-wise 加在名词 后 the manner of: as far as. .concerned . 表方向, 位置或形 状

9.表示程度的常用词缀: 词缀 hypersupersuprasurultra程 缀 hypohyp位置 意义 例词 hyperfrequency 超高频; hypersonic 超 声 的 ; hyperphysical 超物质的 over, above 在上, superheat 过热; 超; surface 表面; beyond 超过 surpass 超越; supramolecular 超分子的 ultra-short 极短的; ultraviolet 紫外线的 hypotension 低 血 压 ; hyposensitize 减弱……的敏 under 下、 次、 感度; 低、 少,在…之下 hypogastric 下 腹 的 ; hypodermic 皮下的; infra-red 红 外 线 ; infrahuman 低于人类的,类 人猿; infra-structure 基础建设 outlive 比……长寿; out 超过,过度, outdo 胜过; 外,出,除去 outsized 过大的; outwear 穿坏 omnibus 公 共 汽 车 ;





infra-

out-

omni-

omnipotent 万能的; omniscient 无所不知的 Pan-American 泛 美 的 ; 所有的,公共的, panacea 万灵药,万金油; 总全, 泛全, 所有 panorama 万 花 筒 ; panchromatic 全色的 pantopragmatic 样样都要插 手的: pantoscopic 视野开阔 通过, 彻底, 完全 ( adv . in the ) manner of……地 (状态. 程度, 性 质,方式) perambulate 走来走去; perfect 完美; perforate 穿孔于 hurriedly 匆忙地; purposely 有目的地; seemingly 表 面 地 ; immediately 立即;

pan-

panto-

per后 缀 -ly 加在形容 词后

10.其他常用词缀词根: 词缀 其 他 paracyber其 前缀 他 benediapenphil- philo善好 通过,借以,分离 几乎,相近 挚爱 arch首领 防,降落伞 计算机,与电脑有关 前 缀 hydr位置 意义 water 水 例词 hydrogen 氢; hydroelectric 水电的 parachute 降落伞; parasol 阳伞; paratroop 伞兵 cyberspace 网络空间 archbishop 大主教; architect 建筑师; architecture 建筑学 benefit 利益; benevolenee 慷慨; bneficent 慈善的; benefactor 恩人 diagraph 绘图仪; diagnosis 诊断 peninsular 半岛; peneplain 近似平原 philanthropist 慈 善 家 : philospher 哲学家; philanthropy 慈善,善心; philomath 爱学问的人 reheat 再加热;

re-

back,again 回,再

regrind 重磨; refuel 重新加油; relive 再生,复活; reconsider 重新考虑 coexist 共存; cooperate 合作; co-auther 合 著 者 ; cooperation 协作 collect 收集; collaborate 协作; commemorate 纪 念 ; conference 会议; correlate 相关; compile 编辑; corruption 腐败;

co-

与……一起

colcomconcor-

with 共同

注: 考研阅读专项词汇与近义近形词汇从考研英语复习的第三阶段 (强化阶段) 再开始学习, 基础阶段不作要求,材料暂略。


赞助商链接

考研英语核心词汇——吴耀武

考研英语核心词汇(版权所有:吴耀武)严格按照吴耀武老师课堂指导,采用情景刺激完成首次记忆,然后按规定当天晚上睡觉 前和第二天早上把学习的单词复习一遍(谨记跳跃式复习...

考研英语-构词法-吴耀武版

(打印版)英语构词法(版权所... 6页 免费 考研英语核心词汇(吴耀武版... 32...使成为 6 / 16 知识改变命运,思路决定人生 吴耀武英语教学网 www.515english....

吴耀武英语词汇,带英标

吴耀武英语词汇,带英标_英语学习_外语学习_教育专区。考研英语核心词汇(版权所有:吴耀武)严格按照吴耀武老师课堂指导,采用情景刺激完成首次记忆,然后按规定当天晚上睡觉...

吴耀武核心词汇乱序(有音标)

吴耀武核心词汇乱序(有音标)_英语学习_外语学习_教育专区。真正吴耀武老师推荐!考研英语核心词汇(版权所有:吴耀武)严格按照吴耀武老师课堂指导,采用情景刺激完成首次记忆...

吴耀武考研英语核心词汇睡前起后必看一页

吴耀武考研英语核心词汇睡前起后必看一页 隐藏>> 第一部分 考研英语核心词汇记住吴老师的建议:按规定每天晚上看 把自己已经记住的暂时划出来,无论多忙, 记住吴老师...

海文考研英语核心1700词

考研英语核心词汇(版权所有:吴耀武) 严格按照吴耀武老师课堂指导,采用情景刺激完成首次记忆,然后按规定当天晚上睡觉 前和第二天早上把学习的单词复习一遍(谨记跳跃式复...

吴耀武词汇

吴耀武词汇_英语学习_外语学习_教育专区。考研英语核心词汇(版权所有:吴耀武)严格按照吴耀武老师课堂指导,采用情景刺激完成首次记忆,然后按规定当天晚上睡觉 前和第二天...

2015考研英语全攻略(new)

13 第二章 考研英语核心词汇(版权所有:吴耀武) 严格按照吴耀武老师课堂指导,采用情景刺激完成首次记忆,然后按规定当天晚上睡觉 前和第二天早上把学习的单词复习一遍(...

吴耀武考研英语核心词汇(免费版)

吴耀武考研英语核心词汇(免费版)_英语学习_外语学习_教育专区。www知识改变命运,思路决定人生! 欢迎造访吴耀武英语教学网 www.515english.net I will not give you...

2011考研英语核心词汇吴耀武

声明 ~ war propose 提议,建议 When she was very ill ,her lawyer has ~d...考研英语核心词汇(版权所... 44页 免费 考研英语核心词汇吴耀武 25页 1下载...