kl800.com省心范文网

直接引语变间接引语语法讲解


直接引语与间接引语
一、人称
人称变化可以遵循如下顺口溜“一随主,二随宾,第三人称不更新” ................ 。 . “一随主”是指在直接引语变间接引语时,如果从句中的主语是第一人称或被第一人称 所修饰,从句中的人称要按照主句中主语的人称变化。如: She said. “My brother wants to go with me.” →She said her brother wanted to go with her. “二随宾”是指直接引语变间接引语时,若从句中的主语及宾语是第二人称,或被第二 人“你”所修饰,从句中的人称要跟引号外的主句的宾语一致。如果引号外的主句没有宾语, .. 也可以用第一人称。如: He said to Kate,"How is your sister now?"→He asked Kate how her sister was then. “第三人称不更新”是指直接引语变间接引语时,如果从句中的主语及宾语是第三人称 或被第三人称所修饰从句中的人称一般不需要变化。如: Mr. Smith said, “Jack is a good worker.”→Mr. Smith said Jack was a good worker.

二、时态
直接引语在改为间接引语时,时态需要做相应的调整。其基本法则和我们刚刚学过的宾 语从句的时态变化一致,也就是说从句时态要和主句时态一致。如果从句是过去时,主句要 向后退一格时态,变成一种过去时。
1. She said. “I have lost a pen.” →She said she had lost a pen.(现在完成——过去完成) 2. She said. “We hope so.” →She said they hoped so. (一般现在—— 一般过去) 3. She said,“He will go to see his friend。 ”→She said he would go to see his friend. (一般 将来 → 过去将来)

但要注意在以下几种情况下。在直接引语变为间接引语时,时态一般不变化。 ? 直接引语是客观真理。如:
“The earth moves around the sun and the moon moves around the earth”, the teacher told me. → The teacher told me the earth moves around the sun and the moon moves around the earth。

? 直接引语是过去进行时,时态不变。如:
Jack said, “John, where were you going when I met you in the street?”→Jack asked John where he was going when he met him in the street.

? 直接引语中有具体的过去某年、某月、某日作状语,变为间接引语时,时态不变。如:
Xiao Wang said, was born on April 20, 1980.” →Xiao Wang said he was born on April 20, 1980 “I

? 直接引语如果是一般现在时。表示一种反复出现或习惯性的动作,变间接引语,时态不 变。如:
He said, “I get up at six every morning.”→He said he gets up at six every morning.

? 如果直接引语中的情态动词没有过去时的形式(例:ought to,had better,used to) 和已经是过去时的形式时, (例:could, should, would, might)不再变。如:
Peter said, “You had better come have today.” →Peter said I had better go there that day.

三、其它
直接引语变间接引语,具有指代性的词也需要变化,一些具体变化如下: 指示代词 this ---that these --- those 表示时间的词 now --- then today --- that day this week(month, etc.) --- that week (month, etc.)

表地点的词 动词

yesterday --- the day before last week(month) --- the week(month) before three days(a year)ago --- three days(a year)before tomorrow --- the next (following ) day next week(month)---the next(following)week(month) here --- there bring --- take come --- go

四、句型
? 直接引语如果是陈述句,间接引语应改为由 that 引导的宾语从句。如:
She said, “Our bus will arrive in five minutes.”→She said that their bus would arrive in five minutes.

? 直接引语如果是反意疑问句,选择疑问句或一般疑问句,间接引语应改为由 whether 或 if 引导的宾语从句。如:
He said, “Can you swim, John?” →He asked John if he could swim. “You have finished the homework, haven?t you?” my mother asked. → My mother asked me whether I had finished the homework. “Do you go to school by bus or by bike?”→ He asked me if I went to school by bus or by bike.

? 直接引语如果是特殊问句, 间接引语应该改为由疑问代词或疑问副词引导的宾语从句 (宾 语从句必须用陈述句语序) 。
She asked me, “When do they have their dinner?”→ She asked me when they had their dinner.

? 直接引语如果是祈使句, 间接引语应改为 “tell(ask, order, beg 等)sb.(not) to do sth.” 句型。如:
“Don?t make any noise,” she said to the children. → She told (ordered) the children not to make any noise. “Bring me a cup of tea, please,” said she. → She asked him to bring her a cup of tea.

? 直接引语如果是以“Let‘s”开头的祈使句,变为间接引语时,通常用“suggest +动名 词(或从句)”如: 。
He said, “ Let?s go to the film.” → He suggested going to the film. see the film. → He suggested that they should go to

直接引语和间接引语专项
一、填空,每空一词 1. “I never eat meat.” he said. He said that ______ never ______ meat. 2. “I?ve found my wallet.” he said to me. He ______ me that he ______ ______ ______ wallet. 3. “I took it home with me.” she said. She said that ______ ______ _______ it home with her. 4. The teacher said, “The sun rises in the east and goes down in the west.” The teacher said that the sun ______ in the east and ______ down in the west. 5. “I met her yesterday.” he said to me. He ______ me that he ______ met the day ______. 6. “You must come here before five.” he said. He said that I ______ to go ______ before five. 7. “I bought the house 10 years ago.” he said. He said that he _______ bought the house 10 years _______. 8. “Did you see her last week?” he said. He ______ ______ I had seen her the week _______. 9. He said, “You can sit here, Jim.” He ______ Jim that he ______ sit there 10. He asked, “How did you find it, mother?” He asked her mother ______ ______ ______ found it. 11. “Where have you been these days?” he asked. He asked me _______ _______ _______been _______ days. 12. “Do you know where she lives?” he asked. He asked ______ ______ knew where she ______. 13. “Stop making so much noise, children.” he said. He ______ the children ______ ______ making so much noise. 14. “Don?t tell him the news.” she said. She told me _______ _______ him the news. 15. “Are you interested in this?” he said. He ______ ______ I was interested in ______. 二、单选 1. Our teacher asked us _____ our dictionaries to school. A. bring B. brought C. bring D. to bring 2. The teacher told the boy students ______ football on the grass. A. not play B. not to play C. played D. playing 3. ____ Tom didn?t go to school? A. Do you know how B. Why do you know C. How you know why D. Do you know why 4. She looks sad. Could you please tell me _____ that prevents her from being as happy as before? A. what it is B. it is what C. how it is D. it is how 5. Betty asked her sister ____ to the railway station to see her off. A. not to come B. not to go C. to not come D. to not go 6. The pupil asked his teacher _____ round the earth.

A. weather the moon goes B. that the moon went C. whether the moon goes D. whether the moon went 7. Mr. Li ____ Wang Ling ____ a taxi to the airport. A. asked; take B. asked; taking C. told; take D. told; to take 8. She asked him ____. A. whose dictionary this is B. whose dictionary that was C. whose dictionary is this D. whose dictionary that is 9. Mary?s mother asked her _____. A. that whether she had finished her homework B. if she has finished her homework C. if she had finished her homework D. that if she had finished her homework 10. Do you know ____? A. what is he doing B. what he doing C. what he is doing D. what does he do now 11. I don?t know ____ to learn English. A. when did he begin B. when he began C. he when began D. when he begins 12. He asked me ____. A. how would the weather be like tomorrow B. what the weather would be like the next day C. how the weather would be like tomorrow D. what would the weather be like the next day 13. You can?t imagine ____ when they received these nice Spring Festival presents. A. how excited they were B. how excited were they C. how they were excited D. they were how excited 14. She told me that she ____ by her relatives at the bus stop. A. had been seen off B. have seen off C. have been seen off D. had seen off 15. Do you remember how many times ____ to Australia? A. had you been B. did you go C. have you been D. you have been 16. Can you guess ____? A. what is that man B. who that man is C. whom that man is D. who is that man 17. More and more students and teachers have began to know ____. A. how important the foreign language are B. how the foreign language is important C. how important the foreign language is D. how important is the foreign language 18. The hostess said that it ___ time that they ___ supper. A. was; had B. was; had had C. is; have D. is; have had 19. The boss asked his secretary ____ he had finished typing the report ____. A. if; or not B. if; not C. whether; or not D. whether; not 20. I wonder how much _____. A. does he spend on his car B. did he spend on his car C. he spent on his car D. he spent in his car


赞助商链接

初中语法直接引语和间接引语讲解

初中语法直接引语和间接引语讲解_英语_初中教育_教育专区。直接引语和间接引语在中考中比例虽不大,但也需要做一定了解,注意时态人称数的一致。...

直接引语变间接引语语法讲解

直接引语变间接引语语法讲解_英语_高中教育_教育专区。直接引语变间接引语语法讲解 直接引语(Direct Speech)是指原封不动的引用原话,把它放在引号内,例如: Mother ...

直接引语变间接引语语法讲解

直接引语变间接引语语法讲解_英语学习_外语学习_教育专区。好详细 直接引语 直接引用别人的原话叫做直接引语,直接引语通常置于引 号内(“引用原话”)。—“What is...

语法大全 直接引语变间接引语的详细讲解

语法大全 直接引语变间接引语的详细讲解_英语_初中教育_教育专区。语法大全:直接引语变间接引语的用法一、如何变人称; 下面有一句顺口溜“一随主。二随宾,第三人称...

直接引语变间接引语语法讲解

直接引语变间接引语语法讲解 一、人称 人称变化可以遵循如下顺口溜“一随主,二随宾,第三人称不更新” 一随主,二随宾,第三人称不更新 。 一随主 “一随主”...

直接引语变间接引语语法讲解

直接引语变间接引语语法讲解直接引语变间接引语语法讲解隐藏>> 直接引语 直接引用别人的原话叫做直接引语,直接引语通常置于引 直接引用别人的原话叫做直接引语, 号内(...

【语法大全】直接引语变间接引语的用法

语法大全】直接引语变间接引语的用法_高三英语_英语_高中教育_教育专区。直接引语...直接引语变间接引语的用法及讲解 定义:直接引语:直接引用别人的原话,并在原话...

直接引语和间接引语用法讲解

直接引语和间接引语用法讲解 一、概述 引用或转述别人说的话时有两种方法:直接...直接引语变间接引语语法... 2页 2下载券 直接引语变间接引语的用... 4页...

直接引语变间接引语语法讲解

直接引语变间接引语语法讲解 一、人称 人称变化可以遵循如下顺口溜“一随主,二随宾,第三人 称不更新” 。 “一随主”是指在直接引语变间接引语时,如果从句中的...

高中英语直接引语和间接引语用法讲解

高中英语直接引语和间接引语用法讲解_英语_高中教育_教育专区。高中英语直接引语和...高中英语语法:直接引语... 7页 5下载券 高中英语直接引语变间接... 12页 免...