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五时态总结


时态总结
一 一般现在时(经常性规律性的动作或现在的状态)
时间状语:every day, in the morning, on Monday always>usually>often>sometimes>never 结构: 1. 现在的状态: 肯定:主语 + be + … 否定:主语 + be not + … 疑问:Be + 主语 + …? 回答:Yes, 人称代词(主格)be. No, 人称代词 (主格)be not. eg: I’m a student. I’m not a student. Are you a student? Yes, I am. No, I’m not. 2. 经常性规律性的动作: 肯定:主语 + 动原 / 单三式 + … 否定:主语 + don’t / doesn’t + 动原 + … 疑问:Do / Does + 主语 + 动原 + …? 回答:Yes, 人称 do/does. No, 人称 don’t / doesn’t. eg:1) I do my homework every day. I don’t do my homework every day. Do you do your homework every day? Yes, I do. No, I don’t. 2) She sings well. She doesn’t sing well. Does she sing well? Yes, she does. No, she doesn’t.

三 一般将来时

(将要发生的动作或存在的状态)

时间状语:tomorrow, next week, in two days 结构: 1.计划,打算做: 肯定:主语 + be going to + 动原/地点 否定:主语 + be not going to + 动原/地点 疑问:Be + 主语 + going to + 动原/地点? 回答:Yes, 人称 be. No, 人称 be not. eg: 1) I’m going to do my homework after school. I’m not going to do my homework after school. Are you going to do your homework after school? Yes, I am. No, I’m not. What are you going to do after school? 2) He is going to Shanghai next week. He is not going to Shanghai next week. Is he going to Shanghai next week? Yes, he is. No, he isn’t. Where are you going? 2. 将要做: 肯定:主语 + will + 动原 否定:主语 + won’t + 动原 疑问:Will + 主语 + 动原? 回答:Yes, 人称 will. No, 人称 won’t. eg: I will go with you. I won’t go with you. Will you go with me? What will you do?

注意动词单三变化

二 现在进行时

(正在进行的动作)

标志词:now, at the moment, Look! Listen! 肯定:主语+ be + 动词 ing 否定:主语+ be not + 动词 ing 疑问:Be + 主语 + 动词 ing? 回答:Yes, 人称 be. No, 人称 be not. eg: 1) I’m doing my homework now. I’m not doing my homework now. Are you doing your homework now? Yes, I am. No, I’m not. What are you doing now? 2) Listen! Ann is singing. 3) Look! Tom is playing football.

四 一般过去时(过去的动作或状态)
时间状语:yesterday, yesterday morning, last Sunday, two days ago, just now, in 1980 结构: 1. 过去的状态: 肯定:主语 + was / were + … 否定:主语 + wasn’t / weren’t + … 疑问:Was / Were + 主语 + …? 回答:Yes, 人称 was/were. No, 人称 wasn’t/weren’t. eg: 1) I was born on Jan 1st, 2005. I was not born on Jan 1st, 2005. Were you born on Jan 1st, 2005? When were you born?

Yes, I was.

时态总结
2) They were in Beijing yesterday. They weren’t in Beijing yesterday. Were they in Beijing yesterday? Yes, they were. No, they weren’t. 2. 过去的动作: 肯定:主语 + 动词过去式 + … 否定:主语 + didn’t + 动原 + … 疑问:Did + 主语 + 动原 + …? 回答:Yes, 人称 did. No, 人称 didn’t. eg: I did my homework last night. I didn’t do my homework last night. Did you do your homework last night? Yes, I did. No, I didn’t. What did you do last night?

五 情态动词 (can, could , must, should)
结构: 肯定:主语 + 情态动词 + 动原 否定:主语 + 情态动词 not + 动原 疑问:情态动词 + 主语 + 动原? 回答:Yes, 人称 情态动词. No, 人称 情态动词 not. can not = can’t could not = couldn’t must not = mustn’t should not =shouldn’t eg: 1) I can speak English. Can you speak English? I can’t speak English. Yes, I can. No, I can’t.

2) I could speak English two years ago. I couldn’t speak English two years ago. Could you speak English two years ago? Yes, I could. No, I couldn’t. 3) We must call the doctor. We don’t have to call the doctor. Must we call the doctor? Yes, we must. No, we mustn’t. What must we do? 4) You should drink more water. You shouldn’t eat too much junk food. Should I drink more water? Yes, you should. No, you shouldn’t. What should I do?


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